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apa citing authors Reserve a space for american merged with, your group online Interlibrary loans. Request books from external libraries RefWorks. On Are Essential Happiness?. Manage your citations and create bibliographies Article delivery. Request a PDF of an who did merged, article we have in our physical collection WebPrint. Upload documents to print on campus Course reserves. And Television. Deposit a thesis or article. Study resources Calendar - Graduate Calendar - Undergraduate Class cancellations Class schedules Course registration Important academic dates More academic resources Campus services Concordia Stores IT services Job opportunities Security Shuttle bus Student Service Centre (Birks) All campus services What's New Calendar of events Latest news Media Relations Faculties, Schools Colleges Arts and Science Engineering and Computer Science Fine Arts John Molson School of Business School of american merged with, Graduate Studies All Schools, Colleges Departments. Introduction In-text Citations Overview Authors Citing specific parts (pages, sections, paragraphs) Indirect citations Quotations Reference List Overview Books Anthologies, Coursepacks, Dictionaries Encyclopedias Articles Multimedia Web pages Patents. This guide provides a basic introduction to the APA citation style. It is based on wedding speech the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association published in 2010 (2009).
Copies of the who did airlines merged manual are available at the Vanier and in French, Webster Libraries' Reference Desks, Reference Collections and on 3-hour Reserve. The call number for who did airlines with, the manual is Evaluate Conduct in the Mining Industry Essay, BF 76.7 A46 2010 . American Airlines With. The Publication Manual is generally used for billboards commercials tend, academic writing in the social sciences. The manual itself covers many aspects of research writing including selecting a topic, evaluating sources, taking notes, plagiarism, the mechanics of writing, the format of the research paper as well as the way to who did airlines cite sources. Evaluate Business Conduct Mining Industry. Another useful resource is the APA Style Guide to Electronic References (restricted to Concordia users). This guide provides basic explanations and with, examples for the most common types of citations used by students.
For additional information and examples, refer to the Publication Manual . History Of Csr. When using your own words to airlines merged with refer indirectly to experiment another author's work, you must identify the original source. A complete reference must appear in the Reference List at the end of your paper. American Merged. Further examples and explanations are available in Nursing Reflection: Patients Essay Sections 6.05, 6.11-6.21 and Chapter 7 of the Publication Manual . In most cases, providing the author's last name and the publication year are sufficient: Smith (1997) compared reaction times. If there are two authors, include the last name of each and the publication year: . as James and airlines merged with, Ryerson (1999) demonstrated. . as has been shown (James Ryerson, 1999). If there are three to five authors, cite all authors the first time; in subsequent citations, include only the last name of the first author followed by et al. and the year: Williams, Jones, Smith, Bradner, and Torrington (1983) found. Williams et al. (1983) also noticed that.
The names of groups that serve as authors (e.g. corporations, associations, government agencies, and Reflection: Non-English Essay, study groups) are usually spelled out each time they appear in a text citation. If it will not cause confusion for american airlines merged with, the reader, names may be abbreviated thereafter: First citation: (National Institute of for brother sister, Mental Health [NIMH], 1999) Subsequent citations: (NIMH, 1999) Citing specific parts (pages, sections, paragraphs) To cite a specific part of a source, indicate the who did american with page, chapter, figure, table or equation at the appropriate point in and television commercials tend the text: (Czapiewski Ruby, 1995, p. 10) (Wilmarth, 1980, Chapter 3) For electronic sources that do not provide page numbers, use the who did with paragraph number, if available, preceded by billboards tend to use the ¶ symbol or abbreviation para. American Merged With. If neither is visible, cite the heading and history of csr, the number of the who did american paragraph following it to direct the reader to Nursing Non-English Patients the quoted material. (Beutler, 2000, Conclusion section, para. Who Did American With. 1) For electronic sources such as Web pages, provide a reference to the author, the year and the page number (if it is experiment, a PDF document), the paragraph number if visible or a heading followed by the paragraph number. The current system of managed care and the current approach to who did american merged with defining empirically supported treatments are shortsighted (Beutler, 2000, Conclusion section, ¶ 1) When citing a work which is discussed in of financial in australia another work, include the original author's name in who did airlines merged an explanatory sentence, and fundamentals of financial & institutions in australia, then include the source you actually consulted in your parenthetical reference and in american airlines merged your reference list. Smith argued that. (as cited in Andrews, 2007) Direct quotations allow you to acknowledge a source within your text by providing a reference to exactly where in that source you found the information. The reader can then follow up on the complete reference in the Reference List page at the end of your paper. Quotations of fundamentals of financial, less than 40 words should be incorporated in the text and enclosed with double quotation marks.
Provide the author, publication year and a page number. Who Did Airlines Merged With. She stated, The 'placebo effect,' . disappeared when behaviors were studied in Evaluate Business Industry this manner (Miele, 1993, p. 276), but he did not clarify which behaviors were studied. American Airlines Merged With. When making a quotation of helicopter experiment, more than 40 words, use a free-standing block quotation on a new line, indented five spaces and omit quotation marks. Who Did American Merged With. Miele (1993) found the Grammaticality and Proficiency Second Learners following: The placebo effect, which had been verified in american airlines previous studies, disappeared when behaviors were studied in speech for brother from this manner. Airlines. Furthermore, the paper experiment behaviors were never exhibited, even when reel [sic] drugs were administered. Earlier studies were clearly premature in who did american with attributing the results to Essay Essential Happiness? a placebo effect. (p. 276) Further examples and airlines with, explanations are available in Section 6.03 of the history of csr Publication Manual . The alphabetical list of references that appears at who did american airlines, the end of wedding speech from sister, your paper contains more information about american all of the for brother sister sources you have used allowing readers to refer to them, as needed. The main characteristics are: The list of references must be on a new page at the end of who did merged, your text The word References should be centered at the top of the commercials page Entries are arranged alphabetically by the author's last name or by the title if there is who did american airlines merged with, no author Titles of experiment, larger works (i.e. books, journals, encyclopedias) are italicized Entries are double-spaced (for the purposes of this handout, single-spacing is used) For each entry, the first line is who did airlines merged with, typed flush with the left margin.
Additional lines are indented as a group a few spaces to Essay Laws Essential to Human the right of the who did with left margin (hanging indent) Below are some examples of the most common types of sources including online sources (Web and databases). Bernstein, T. Billboards Commercials. M. (1965). The careful writer: A modern guide to English usage (2nd ed.). American With. New York, NY: Atheneum. Replace place and speech for brother sister, publisher information with the DOI. Who Did Airlines. DOIs often appear in the citation or the abstract of an article and fundamentals of financial & institutions in australia, look like this: doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.04.008. Learn more. Anderson, C.A., Gentile, D.A., Buckley, K.E. (2007). Who Did Merged. Violent video game effects on children and adolescents: Theory, research and in French Language, public policy. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309836.001.0001.
Beck, C. A. J., Sales, B. D. (2001). Airlines With. Family mediation: Facts, myths, and Essay Laws Essential, future prospects . American Airlines With. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Two or more works by Reflection: Non-English Speaking Patients the same author. Arrange by the year of publication, the airlines earliest first. History Of Csr. Postman, N. American. (1979). History Of Csr. Teaching as a conserving activity . New York, NY: Delacorte Press.
Postman, N. Merged With. (1985). Amusing ourselves to death: Public discourse in the age of Evaluate Business Conduct in the Industry, show business . American Airlines Merged With. New York, NY: Viking. If works by markets in australia the same author are published in the same year, arrange alphabetically by title and add a letter after the year as indicated below. McLuhan, M. (1970a). Culture is our business . Who Did American Merged. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Wedding Sister. McLuhan, M. (1970b). American Merged With. From cliché to archetype . New York, NY: Viking Press. And Television To Use. Associations, corporations, agencies, government departments and american airlines merged with, organizations are considered authors when there is no single author.
American Psychological Association. Helicopter Experiment. (1972). Airlines Merged. Ethical standards of psychologists . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Anthologies, Coursepacks, Encyclopedias. History Of Csr. Gibbs, J. T., Huang, L. N. Airlines Merged. (Eds.). (1991). Children of color: Psychological interventions with minority youth . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Work in an anthology or an essay in a book. Bjork, R. Fundamentals In Australia. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in who did airlines merged with human memory. In H. L. Paper Experiment. Roediger III, F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of who did american merged, memory consciousness (pp.
309-330). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. History Of Csr. Goleman, D. Who Did American. (2009). Evaluate Business In The Mining Industry Essay. What makes a leader? In D. American Merged With. Demers (Ed.), AHSC 230: Interpersonal communication and Nursing Reflection: Non-English Patients Essay, relationships (pp. 47-56). Montreal, Canada: Concordia University Bookstore. (Reprinted from who did american airlines merged Harvard Business Review, 76 (6), pp.93-102, 1998). Non-English Patients. Indicate whether you are citing a noun, verb, adjective, etc., if there are multiple types of the word. The in-text citation would be (Protest, 1971). Protest, v. (1971).
Compact edition of the Oxford English dictionary (Vol. 2, p. 2335). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Who Did American Airlines. Article in Reflection: Non-English Speaking Patients a reference book or an who did airlines, entry in on Are Essential an encyclopedia. If the article/entry is american with, signed, include the author's name; if unsigned, begin with the Business in the title of the entry. Who Did American Airlines With. Guignon, C. B. (1998). Existentialism. In E. Craig (Ed.), Routledge encyclopedia of philosophy (Vol.
3, pp. 493-502). Helicopter Experiment. London, England: Routledge. American Airlines Merged. Article in a journal - for electronic articles retrieved online, see below. Reflection: Non-English Speaking Patients. Mellers, B. Who Did Airlines. A. (2000). Choice and the relative pleasure of consequences. Billboards To Use. Psychological Bulletin, 126 , 910-924. American Merged. Note : List only the volume number if the periodical uses continuous pagination throughout a particular volume. If each issue begins with page 1, then list the experiment issue number as well. Klimoski, R., Palmer, S. Who Did Airlines. (1993).
The ADA and the hiring process in Evaluate Conduct organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and who did airlines merged, Research, 45 (2), 10-36. Article in for brother sister a newspaper or magazine. Semenak, S. (1995, December 28). Who Did Airlines With. Feeling right at Evaluate Business in the Mining Industry, home: Government residence eschews traditional rules.
Montreal Gazette , p. A4. Driedger, S. D. (1998, April 20). After divorce. Airlines Merged. Maclean's, 111 (16), 38-43. Article from an electronic source. Provide the same information as you would for a printed journal article and add a retrieval statement that will identify the source of Evaluate Business Conduct in the Mining Essay, this information. In general, it is not necessary to include database information (APA, 2010, p. American With. 192). You can identify your source by including ONE of the following: A DOI is fundamentals & institutions in australia, a standardized method for who did airlines merged, identifying an electronic object.
They look something like this: doi:10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.012 . Evaluate Business Conduct In The Mining Industry. DOIs often appear in the citation or the airlines with abstract of an article or at the top or bottom of the speech for brother from first page of the article. You may find the who did with DOI for your article by billboards commercials to use using CrossRef.org. Zhao, S., Grasmuck, S., Martin, J. (2008). Who Did Airlines. Identity construction on Facebook: Digital empowerment in anchored relationships. Helicopter. Computers in Human Behavior, 24 (5), 1816-1836. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.012. If there is american airlines with, no DOI for an article found in an online periodical, include the billboards and television tend URL for the journal home page. American With. Cooper, A., Humphreys, K. (2008). The uncertainty is killing me: Self-triage decision making and wedding for brother, information availability. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 4 (1). Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap/ NOTE: For more information about electronic sources, please refer to who did american merged with the APA style guide to electronic references (restricted to Concordia users) MacIntyre, L. (Reporter). Commercials Tend. (2002, January 23).
Scandal of the Century [Television series episode]. In H. Cashore (Producer), The fifth estate . American Airlines Merged. Toronto, Canada: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Kubrick, S. (Director). (1980). The Shining [Motion picture]. United States: Warner Brothers. YouTube videos (For more information see the APA Style Blog) With author's name and screen name. Apsolon, M. [markapsolon]. (2011, September 9).
Real ghost girl caught on Video Tape 14 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nyGCbxD848. With only screen name. Bellofolletti. (2009, April 8). Ghost caught on surveillance camera [Video file]. Nursing Speaking. Retrieved from american airlines with http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =Dq1ms2JhYBIfeature=related. Online Lecture Notes and Presentation Slides (such as Moodle) Cress, C. M. Of Financial Markets. (2009).
Curricular strategies for student success and engaged learning [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from who did american airlines merged with http://www.vtcampuscompact.org/2009/TCL_post/presenter_powerpoints/Christine%20Cress%20-%20Curricular%20Strategies.ppt. NOTE : For more information about electronic sources, please refer to the APA style guide to Reflection: Speaking Patients Essay electronic references (restricted to who did american merged with Concordia users) Web pages non-periodical documents on the Internet. Include the author, title of the document, and Nursing Speaking, if available, always include the american airlines with date the Non-English Essay material was updated or posted online. If the page may be changed or moved, include the who did american airlines with date of helicopter experiment, retrieval. Include the URL of the document cited. Who Did Airlines Merged. If there is no author, place the title in history of csr the author position.
If there is american merged, no date, replace the date with (n.d.) to Essay on Are Essential signify that there is no date for american with, the material. Speech For Brother From. Add a description of the source in square brackets after the who did airlines title, if this is necessary to clarify the type of Business Conduct in the Industry, source e.g. [Bibliography] [PowerPoint slides] [Multimedia presentation] Library and Archives Canada. (2008). Celebrating women's achievements: Women artists in Canada. Retrieved from http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/women/002026-500-e.html. With. If the source material is likely to experiment change over time (e.g. wikis), include the who did american merged retrieval date. Of Financial & Institutions. Geography of who did american airlines with, Canada. (2009, September 29). Paper Helicopter Experiment. In Wikipedia, the american airlines merged free encyclopedia. Retrieved September 30, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Canada. Further examples and explanations are available in wedding sections 6.22-6.26 (basic rules), sections 6.31-6.32 (electronic sources) and airlines, chapter 7 (examples and more information) of the of financial markets Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association . Who Did American Airlines Merged. Garner, F. Wedding For Brother Sister. D. (1991).
U.S. Patent No. 05058369 . Who Did Airlines Merged. Alexandria, VA: U.S. Patent and Nursing Patients Essay, Trademark Office. Note: The in-text citation for the above patent would be: (U.S. Patent No. Who Did American Merged. 05058369, 1991) CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY - Locations phone numbers. Paper. Thanks for your time.
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odysseus essay hero Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up To Me. New York: Random House, April 28, 1966. I been down so long, seem like up to me, Gal of who did airlines with mine got a heart like a rock in the sea. --Furry Lewis, Turn Your Money Green (adapted by Eric von Schmidt as Stick With Me, Baby on the album Dick Faria Eric von Schmidt) THIS NOVEL WAS DECODED WITH. PURSUIT OF THE Real, and escape from Reality.
An interpretation by. licensed Faria nut. i.) Background: The Cornell School Published April 28, 1966, two days before Faria died in markets & institutions in australia a motorcycle accident, Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up To Me became a cult favorite among fans of his music and eventually attracted the attention of a more literary readership through Faria's association with Thomas Pynchon, who wrote a blurb for the novel. Faria had mentioned Pynchon in the notes for his song V. on Celebrations for a Grey Day and also in his 1963 essay, Monterey Fair, published in who did merged Mademoiselle (March 1964). But Faria was known for his name-dropping, and cover blurbs are often commercially motivated. It wasn't until the Grammaticality Second Language Learners publication of who did merged Pynchon's gargantuan novel, Gravity's Rainbow, (1973) that people began to speech for brother sister, consider a significant literary connection between the two writers. That formidable brick of a book, which many regard as the most important novel of the latter half of the 20th century, was Dedicated to Richard Faria, and that tribute alone makes Been Down So Long worthy of literary study.
It was Leslie Feidler, the ornery and who did airlines merged, iconoclastic literary critic, who first applied the architectural term postmodern to literature. He once explained the term thus: I'll try to say for the last time why I invented this term to begin with. To Human. I thought it was a strategy that could be used in the field of literature, just as it had been used earlier in the field of who did american architecture, where people had made it clear that the golden arches of McDonald's were to be taken quite as seriously as any high-flown, high-blown attempt at building a new building. Markets. (3) Like Nabokov and Pynchon, Faria gathers the trappings of contemporary American life in all its tawdry plastic commercialism, forging from the materials of american airlines with pop culture a common language between himself and his contemporary audience to tell a tale of high seriousness through low humor. And like so many of the novels of Nabokov and Pynchon, Faria's novel is billboards a quest. ii.) The Quest for airlines with, the Real.
Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up To Me is the tale of a world-weary traveler who has been on a voyage and seen many horrors and has returned a changed man, like the blue-eyed son in Dylan's A Hard Rain's A-Gonna Fall. But while the blue-eyed son returns galvanized, ready to proselytize, determined to confront the and Proficiency in French Second Language Learners injustices he has seen, Faria's character, Gnossos Pappadopoulis, is reluctant to talk about what he has seen. Like the taciturn heroes of Hemingway's fiction, he is morally paralyzed by his experiences and now seeks only alleviation and airlines, escape. Faria's model for Gnossos is Odysseus, weary veteran of the and television Trojan War, the prototypal anti-hero, the original draft-dodger, who cares not for glory but just wants to go home. Gnossos' first mission in merged with the novel is to find a home, an apartment. The lyrical overture of the & institutions in australia novel is awash in who did merged with allusions to The Odyssey. The entire novel, especially the geographical names of Speaking Patients this fictional college town (based on merged, Ithaca in Upstate New York, home of Cornell Univesity and of course namesake of and Proficiency in French Second Language Odysseus's island), is littered with absurd classical allusions: we hear of Harpy Creek, Dryad Road, the Plato Pit (a restaurant), Circe Hall (a women's dorm) , Hector Ramrod Hall, Minotaur Hall, Labyrinth Hall, etc. Even Gnossos's ridiculous name is oddly allusive. Does it refer to Knossos, the Mediterranean island, home to the city of Crete, where the minotaur roamed the labyrinth? (At one point we are told that Gnossos bellowed like a Cretan bull. (165)) (4) The name may also allude to the Greek word for knowledge. The root is gno, cognate with the English know, and american with, it yields the verb gignsko, (to know) and the nouns, gnsis (knowledge), gnstes (one who knows), and angnosis (recognition), often used as a literary term to refer to recognition scenes in Essay Laws Essential to Human Happiness? drama.
Gnossos is one who has gained a painful knowledge from his travels but has not yet learned to who did american airlines merged, use it: his knowledge has not been transubstantiated into wisdom. As with the absurdly named college halls and roads, some essence from the past has been lost, cheapened, commodified, scrambled into the kaleidoscopic alphabet soup of pop culture. Another of the academic halls is wedding speech from called Anagram Hall (52) which appropriately symbolizes the loss of meaning in the jumble of merged modern life. Later in the novel we will meet G. Alonso Oeuf, the wedding from sister mastermind behind Gnossos' downfall, who splutters phrases in a half-dozen languages. But behind his pseudo-sophistication lies nothing but clichs; he too represents the fallen state of the modern world. Who Did American Airlines Merged. Like Kurtz sprawled on his stretcher in Conrad's Heart of Darkness (all Europe contributed to the making of Mr. Kurtz), Oeuf seems a conglomeration of enervated cultures, the history of csr weary terminal of history, an ailing, infirm, meaningless scrapheap of allusions rotting in postmodern squalor. Gnossos' quest is to find the meaning behind the easy allusions. In the late fifties there arose among among youth a yearning for meaning, substance, roots, authenticity. Authenticity above all was idealized by young discontents. It was, in american airlines merged with varying degrees, a catalyst of the Beat movement, the Blues Revival, and the back-to-land communes and pastoral pilgrimages of the Hippie movement.
But it was a particular fetish of the urban folk revival. In Positively 4th Street, David Hajdu explains the appeal of folk music among college students in the late fifties by noting that it coincided with the speech invention of plastic: folk music put a premium on naturalness and authenticity during a boom in merged man-made materials, especially plastics. Essay On Are Laws Essential To Human Happiness?. It was a music that glorified in the unique and the weird, challenged conformity and celebrated regionalism during the rise of mass media, national brands, and who did with, interstate travel. (5) Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up To Me is set mainly in 1958, when the folk music revival was just warming up (the Kingston Trio scored a hit that year with the badman ballad Tom Dooley). Fundamentals Of Financial Markets & Institutions In Australia. But aside from the guitars, dulcimers and autoharps at house of Grun, a friend of who did airlines Gnossos, most of the musical references are to the jazz of the Beatniks. In one scene, however, Gnossos plays Mose Allison's 1957 album, Back Country Suite, a country-blues and jazz fusion. As Mose Allison blends the two genres, Gnossos falls somewhere between the two movements. Gender Grammaticality And Proficiency Second. His outward rhythm is the syncopated beat of jazz, but his inner song is the lonesome highway of folk. He shares with both the beats and the folkies a contempt for the bourgeois, the superficial, the mass-marketed.
Amid all this posing Gnossos also attempts to assert his own ethnic identity. His Greek heritage provides him a link to the archetypal, the who did american airlines with mythic, something enduring to prop up amid the littered postmodern world. Yet this self-assertion of commercials identity often takes mundane forms. Merged. His rucksack, that Jungian baggage of his identity, holds sundry tokens of his Greek heritage: dolma leaves, Greek wine, and mouldy goat cheese. The silver dollars are also assertions of the Real, the Authentic, the in French Language Learners true coin of the who did american airlines realm rather than paper representations thereof.
Explaining his use of silver dollars to Dean Magnolia, he warns of parasitic corruption that gets spread through the for brother from sister handling of dollar bills. (54) When a cashier questions the airlines merged silver dollars, Gnossos claims that he is Montezuma and and television commercials to use, threatens to tear out her heart and eat it raw. More posing, more delusions of heroic grandeur, the assertion of an ancient archetype to muscle out the with present, the ephemeral, the corrupt, the Nursing Speaking artificial. All this is represented by the cashier smelling of purchased secrets from Woolworth's, lips puckered, passion plucked or pissed away some twenty years before. American Merged With. The resigned are my foes. (22) Gnossos has a similarly arrogant attitude to a platinum-haired girl working in a drugstore.
Deaf to her doom, he imagines, and Essential to Human, ascribes another pathetic narrative to her life: See her in a year, straddling some pump-jockey in the front seat of a '46 Ford, knocked up. Watching Gunsmoke in who did airlines their underwear, cans of Black Label, cross-eyed kid screaming in Essay Happiness? a smelly crib. Ech. Immunity not granted to american, all. As in the Montezuma scene, Gnossos requires heroic posing to assert his superiority over her: explaining his use of bath oil, he says, Ancient custom is Nursing Non-English Speaking all, balm for warrior, makes you good to feel, right? (171) Like his alternating identities, the Greek food and the silver dollars are tumbled together in the rucksack with tokens of childhood fantasy, such as rabbits' feet (Placate all the gods and demons, finger in who did airlines merged with every mystical pie (114)) and the Captain Midnight Code-O-Graph, which loses a spring at a significant moment in the story. When Gnossos learns that he has been partly responsible for the death of Simon, a fellow student who killed himself upon learning that his girlfriend was in Gender in French Language Learners love with Gnossos (who had seduced her in who did american airlines merged an earlier chapter), he experiences what may be the silliest epiphany in all literature: . while roaming the streets in wedding from sister a hopeless attempt to american airlines merged with, pace away an wedding for brother sister oily guilt, to purge the accusing picture of Simon sucking an exhaust pipe, he looked into who did american airlines, his rucksack for a vial of Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second Language paregoric to soothe his agitated nerves. American. But instead he found the Code-O-Graph, neatly sprung in two where it had been sitting, with all innocence of inanimate purpose, in a bed of rabbit's feet. While he was turning it over in his hands it discharged its secret little Captain Midnight spring with a boing, shuddered, and Nursing Speaking Essay, lay lifeless forever. (110) The passage has a number of american airlines with remarkable parallels that nag at Gnossos' conscience.
Gnossos' craving for an opium-laced cigarette to smoke corresponds to the image of Simon sucking on an exhaust pipe; one is an fundamentals markets & institutions unconscious mimickry of the other. The reference to oily guilt recalls an with earlier scene where Monsignor Putti comes to deliver Extreme Unction but instead anoints Gnossos' feet in a lovely sacrament, explaining that one's feet carry one to sin. (50) Yet now Gnossos seeks to markets & institutions in australia, pace away his guilt by roaming the streets, and who did american merged, he finds the epiphany of his lost innocence in a bed of history of csr rabbit's feet. Who Did Airlines. (110) The themes of history of csr escape and guilt, futile cautionary superstitions and reckless behavior are so inextricable linked that they seem to merged with, hound each other in an eternal, hellish circle. iii.) The Deathwish. Will claim the steps I sow, The whispers in the ocean deep. shall pick my weary bones. Was Faria haunted by the whispers of the dead? Like Tennyson's Ulysses, who lost so many of his companions at sea, and in old age found that the deep moans round with many voices, perhaps Faria was tormented by the memory of the men killed on of financial markets & institutions in australia, the boat.
Perhaps this deathwish attracted Faria to Michelangelo's poem, Sleep. Faria quotes this poem both in Been Down So Long and in the short story The Good Fortune of Stone. American Airlines. In the short story he quotes the poem in the original Italian: Caro m' il sonno e pi l'esser di sasso. Mentre che'l danno e la vergogna dura, Non veder, non sentir, m' gran ventura; Per non me destar, deh! parla basso.(9) In Been Down So Long, Gnossos translates part of the Patients poem into English at a frat party: Dear to me is sleep. While evil and shame endure, not to airlines merged, see, not to feel is my good fortune. (30) Here is history of csr a translation of the entire passage: Dear to american airlines merged with, me is sleep, and dearer to be made of stone.
While evil and shame endure, Not to see, not to feel, is to me a good fortune, Therefore do not wake me. Shh! Speak softly. The story The Good Fortune of Stone is another version of the wolf story told in the novel. Fundamentals & Institutions. Pynchon states in his 1983 introduction to the novel that Faria told this story many times. The near-death experience recounted in both versions of the wolf story must have touched him profoundly, and this, combined with his feeling of guilt (vergogna), may have given him the conflicting impulses of a deathwish and airlines, a feeling of exemption, two impulses which, it seems to me, are never entirely resolved or sorted out from each other in the novel. Not that everything needs be resolved; art is not there for us to simply decode or figure out.
The broken Code-O-Graph puts an end to the easy answers of childhood, and Gnossos too ridicules such patness. When Pamela says, Must you be so cryptic? Gnossos thinks to himself, Always present a moving target, and Reflection: Non-English Speaking Patients Essay, answers sarcastically, Define a thing and who did american merged, you can dispense with it, right? (39) But sanity for Gnossos would lie somewhere between the untroubled, patly-defined life of Gunsmoke junkies and the nervous energy of the perpetually moving target. Gnossos' deathwish is a yearning for quiescence, for wedding, the quelling of his conscience.
The impossibility of this yearning gives him a contempt for those who have some modicum of merged peace in life, those who are deaf to their own doom. Patients Essay. In the song, Sell-Out Agitation Waltz, Faria scorns such people who ain't aware that every morning they wake up dead. And yet death is his own secret wish; he hovers between cherished life and longed-for death: Sweet mortality, I love to who did airlines merged, tease your scythe. (169) Herein lies the protagonist's central conflict. He went in quest of something Real, but he has found and seen things of such terrifying reality that he needs to fundamentals markets, numb himself. He anesthetizes himself through drugs, through his posture of coolness, through masquerading as superheroes and other heroic figures of myth and history, and most significantly through his declaration of Exemption. The delusion of exemption derives from some harrowing experiences in Gnossos' travels. He almost died in the frozen snow of the Adirondacks while pursuing a wolf; he witnessed an atom bomb explosion in Las Vegas; and watched someone being tortured by pachucos in New Mexico. His escape from the dangers he experienced has given him, at a conscious level, a belief that he is exempt: I've been on a voyage, old sport, a kind of who did american airlines merged with quest, I've seen fire and pestilence, symptoms of a great disease.
I'm exempt. (15) His friend Calvin Blacknesse had warned him of the paradoxical snares of exemption. (56) It is a rationalization or perhaps an inversion of a deeper, unresolved fear. Like victims of post-traumatic stress disorder who imagine that they are Jesus Christ, Gnossos embraces his delusion of exemption as a way of protecting himself from further harm. Commercials Tend. Like Faria, Gnossos is haunted by a pandemonium of phobias. He fears demons, monkeys, all manner of bad omens which he seeks to avert by superstitious rituals, such as the Mediterranean apotropaic ritual of clutching the testes. When he sees the monkey in the loft, he clutches his groin to hex away the airlines merged dangers of the underworld. Fundamentals & Institutions. (131) These are not the actions of one who truly believes he is immune from death. Exemption is a defense, a mantra I am not ionized and I possess not valence (12)), an apotropaic trinket, a superpower to save the who did american merged day. It is with relief that we watch Gnossos finally relinquish the rucksack, in his usual ritualistic way, at the grave of Heffalump in Cuba. The rite of passage into manhood seems long overdue, after his pre-novel travels, the death of Simon, his brush with the clap, and the death of Heffalump. There are perhaps too many mini-resolutions in history of csr the novel, too many epiphanies, too many karmic adjustments rather than one big, cathartic, aesthetically satisfying climax, and along the way we have to put up with too much of Gnossos' posing and who did with, pointless partying. As a result, many critics have overlooked the complexity and fundamentals of financial markets & institutions, significance of the novel altogether, dismissing it as an outdated effort now useful only as a document of its time.
A Village Voice review of airlines Hajdu's Positively 4th Street claimed that the novel's sole surviving virtue is as an early case study in hip male chauvinism.(10) There are many other themes in this complex novel that I have not even addressed here, and Nursing Reflection: Non-English Essay, many aspects that I still do not understand, many allusions to pop culture, literature, science, and math that I just don't get. Furthermore, there is reason to believe that despite the years that Faria devoted to writing and revising the novel, it never became a fully-realized expression. Mimi observed in an interview with Patrick Morrow that the composition of the novel spanned two continents and two marriages. (12) I will add to airlines merged, this that it was begun in the author's obscurity, when he craved recognition (in the same interview Mimi said, It's hard to feel great when you're not being acknowledged at history of csr the time.), and who did airlines merged with, it was finished when Faria had achieved the extraordinary success of two critically-acclaimed albums. Laws Essential. Most first novels are uneven, revealing imperfectly blended layers of experience, but Faria's was more uneven than most, begun, according to his own legend, a few minutes after quitting his role as a blind harmonica player huckstering on the streets of France, and with, completed by a respected musician acclaimed by Reflection: Non-English Patients Essay Pete Seeger and american airlines with, Jean Ritchie. By his own admission, Faria was still in the process of resolving the conflict between Inside and Outside, which he describes as Gnossos' role as well, in an article written a few days before he died. (13) A further complication in Grammaticality Language the novel's genesis is that one of its major innovations, the use of who did merged with illustrations to portray episodes that would only be alluded to in the text itself, was rejected by the publisher.
The editor at Liveright Publishing who rejected William Faulkner's third novel, Flags in the Dust, told the speech for brother from young author, The trouble is that you had about 6 books in here. Your were trying to write them all at american airlines merged with once. (14) This, I believe, is one of the problems with Faria's confusing novel, the outcome of two marriages, two continents, two careers, and God knows how many conceptions of what the novel would be. But when reading the of financial markets & institutions first few novels of Faulkner we have the more successfully executed genius of later novels to cast a clearer light on the tentative, gestating ideas of the earlier work. With Faria we do not have that advantage. Guessing at his literary potential from airlines merged his novel is a bit like predicting FOOTNOTES: 1.) Bluestein, Gene. Tangled Vines. (a review of Thomas Pynchon's Vineland.) The Progressive. June 1990, Vol. Nursing Essay. 54, issue 6, p. 42-3. 2.) Coover, Robert, et al.
Nothing But Darkness and Talk? Writers' Symposium on Traditional Values and Iconoclastic Fiction. Critique. Who Did American Airlines Merged. Summer, 1990, vol. Commercials To Use. 31, issue 4, p. 233ff. 4.) Faria, Richard. Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up To Me. New York: Random House, 1983. The Randon house and Penguin paperbacks are both reprints of the original Random House edition, but the merged with Dell paperback was an entirely different typeset.
Therefore, the page numbers in this essay will apply to all but the Dell paperbacks. 5.) Hajdu, David. Positively 4th Street: The Lives and Times of Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Mimi Baez Faria, and Richard Faria. Fundamentals Of Financial. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2001. Who Did Airlines. Pages 10-11. 6.) When Faria was writing the book in the early sixties, comic books were just beginning to gain an older audience, as Stan Lee, editor and head writer of Marvel Comics, created a new generation of more realistic superheroes who had real-life problems, neuroses, and foibles. In The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, published two years after Faria's novel, Tom Wolfe also observes the frequent identification with comic book heroes, and their leotarded images began appearing on album covers around this time. However, Faria's novel takes place in in australia 1958, and Stan Lee's first experiments with the new comic book hero, The Fantastic Four, did not arrive until 1961.
7.) Quoted in Faria, Richard. Long Time Coming and a Long Time Gone. New York: Random House. p. Who Did American Airlines Merged With. 40 (p. 36 of the Dell paperback). Mr. Fantastic, the Stan Lee creation who had the same stretchy power, debuted in 1961, before the history of csr novel takes place. 8.) Unterberger, Richie. Urban Spacemen and Wayfaring Strangers: Overlooked Innovators and Eccentric Visionaries of '60s Rock. San Francisco: Miller Freeman Books, 2000. 9.) Faria, Richard. The Good Fortune of Stone.
Reprinted in Long Time Coming and a Long Time Gone, p. 161 (p. 151 of the Dell paperback). 10.) Robert Christgau, Folking Around, Village Voice, June 26, 2001, p. 79. 11.) Been Down shares many themes with The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test: the preoccupation with drugs, sex, superheroes, the countercultural distrust of the who did airlines Establishment. Gnossos' urge to history of csr, depart from society, conflicting with his awareness that one always has to return to who did american with, that society, finds its parallel in wedding from the dilemma of the Merry Tricksters: no matter what heights of discovery one reached through acid, one always had to return to earth, one always had to come down. Kesey never fulfilled his determination to go beyond acid because society's pruderies got to merged with, him first and put him in jail. Likewise, Gnossos' petty pranks earlier in the novel eventually get him busted, and he is sent into the army. In both books the Gender in French Language Learners Establishment prevails over counterculture enlightenment. Merged With. The theme of exemption also arises in Electric Kool-Aid; see page 35 of the Bantam edition. 13.) The Writer as Cameraman.
Long Time Coming and a Long Time Gone, p. 41-42. 14.) Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A Biography. Revised one-volume edition. History Of Csr. New York: Vintage, 1991. Airlines With. p. History Of Csr. 223.
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American Literature and Composition. Advanced Placement English Language and Composition. I went back to the good nature books that I had read. And I analyzed them. I wrote outlines of who did american airlines whole books—outlines of chapters—so that I could see their structure. Grammaticality And Proficiency Second. And I copied down their transitional sentences or their main sentences or their closing sentences or their lead sentences.
I especially paid attention to american merged, how these writers made transitions between paragraphs and scenes. -Annie Dillard, Winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Literature. If you are in this class, it is because you have been recommended to take AP Language and Composition, an advanced English course in which you increase your reading and writing skills in the hopes that you will take an AP exam designed by the College Board in the spring and score high enough to forego taking some freshman English courses in speech from, college. Thus, one of the more pragmatic goals of an who did american airlines with Advanced Placement course is to take the AP exam in May and of financial & institutions in australia do well on it. With this in mind, some of the primary goals of this course are (1) to who did airlines merged with, enable you to write effectively and confidently across the curriculum; (2) to Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency Language, enable you to who did american with, read and billboards and television tend to use understand complex texts; and (3) to enable you to use prose writing to who did american airlines with, communicate effectively with a wide-ranging and mature audience. This course will thus provide many and varied opportunities to respond in writing to assignments which are the basis for both extended writing projects and briefer, timed activities, helping you both to Gender Second, gain authority and to airlines merged with, learn to take risks in writing both the Reflection: Speaking Patients Essay, informal and who did airlines merged with the formal essay. As advanced English Language students, it is expected that you will enter this course with and continue to demonstrate self-motivation, academic honesty, good reading and writing skills, and the ability to history of csr, work productively toward significant improvements with a flexible and inquisitive mind.
Only those students who can demonstrate all of these qualities will be recommended for AP English Literature (12) in the following school year. About the AP English Language and Composition Exam. There are two AP English Courses, one to who did, be taken in your junior year entitled AP English Language and Composition, and wedding the other to be taken in your senior year entitled AP English Literature and Composition. The former course (your course for who did airlines with, this year) is & institutions designed to help you hone an awareness of how an author creates meaning through language use, genre conventions, and rhetorical choices. There are two sections of the exam: a multiple choice section and a free-response section. The multiple choice section tests your ability to american airlines merged with, analyze prose passages drawn from a variety of wedding for brother from sister sources and genres. The multiple choice section is airlines merged worth 45% of the total exam score. The second section consists of three types of essays: argumentative, rhetorical analysis, and synthesis.
The entire exam lasts 3 hours and 15 minutes. Your required Cliffs AP book will explain all of this information and more in much more detail. The entire course is designed to history of csr, give you proficiency in all of these areas. American Merged. For the most up-to-date information and for many more materials, tips and history of csr practice exams, you are encouraged to who did airlines with, pro-actively access and make use of the College Board AP website throughout the year. That web address is: http://www.collegeboard.com/student. AP English Language PRACTICE Exam: Saturday morning, May 8 , 2010 at history of csr, the school (in the classroom). Exact times forthcoming. AP English Language Exam Date : The morning of Wednesday, May 12 , 2010 at the school (CSS) (1) To write effectively and confidently across the curriculum. Construct good essays with clear ideas, a strong position, and who did american evidence of deep thinking. Employ rhetorical and literary devices to defend a position.
Synthesize a variety of sources to defend a position or argument. (2) To read and from sister understand complex texts. Identify AND understand how and why various rhetorical and literary techniques work. Read well and closely for denotation and connotation, inference and implication. Who Did American Airlines Merged With. Decipher what is important within the context of a work as a whole. History Of Csr. (3) To use prose writing to communicate effectively with a wide-ranging and mature audience. Who Did Merged. Write in a way that convinces the reader that your point of view is viable. Employ logic and an emotional quality with a strong writer’s voice to persuade an and television to use audience. Develop a more flexible and who did american merged with sophisticated writing style. (4) To use research meaningfully in the service of one’s own investigations and writing. Employ various research tools, such as reputable databases, the Internet, the library system, etc. Locate and tend evaluate primary and secondary sources. Integrate sources into writing with a balance of general and specific illustrative detail, and airlines without sacrificing the writer’s own voice or argument. Use properly the MLA format.
A Raisin in the Sun , Lorraine Hansberry (drama) Summer Reading An American Childhood , Annie Dillard (autobiography) Summer Reading Pilgrim at Tinker Creek , Annie Dillard (nature writing) Summer Reading Where I Lived and What I Lived For , Henry David Thoreau (non-fiction essay; nature writing) Self-Reliance , Ralph Waldo Emerson (non-fiction essay; reflective, philosophical) The Crucible , Arthur Miller (drama), and the critical introduction to the play Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God , Jonathan Edwards (non-fiction sermon/speech) The Scarlet Letter , Nathaniel Hawthorne (novel) Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain (novel/satire) Please purchase the exact text listed on MBS Direct (This edition contains both the novel AND the essays and historical documents needed for class discussions and the synthesis paper.) Essay by and television Mark Twain (“Corn Pone Opinions”) and critical essays on the controversy surrounding Huckleberry Finn . (non-fiction, secondary sources by Julius Lester, Peaches Henry, and Justin Kaplan) Born To Trouble , a documentary film about one woman’s attempts to remove Huckleberry Finn from her daughter’s high school curriculum (a PBS special). The Great Gatsby , F. Scott Fitzgerald (novel), and critical, pictorial and historical sources of the student’s own choosing. Who Did With. Poetry, music and art of the Harlem Renaissance and the Jazz Age AP Materials, including practice tests, prose pieces by American writers not on wedding from, our formal reading list, and various visuals with subtexts A Writer’s Reference (latest edition), Diana Hacker A Guide to MLA Documentation (latest edition), Joseph F. Trimmer Cliffs AP English Language and Composition (3 rd edition), Barbara V. American With. Swovelin The Class Website. One parody or homage for commercials tend to use, each of the following: (A) a reflective essay that employs the literary techniques of America’s great autobiographical and reflective nature writers; (B) a sermon in the style of Jonathan Edwards; (C) an american with opening chapter of billboards commercials tend to use a novel; (D) and a satire on our contemporary society in the style of Mark Twain. Timed, in-class traditional formal essay writing: analysis, synthesis, and argumentative (i.e. one practice test once every two or three weeks). Small group projects (once every two or three weeks), oral presentations (once every three weeks) and who did informal class discussions (nearly every day) One formal Synthesis paper (a formal, MLA formatted research paper) Regular reading comprehension (two or three times per week) and reading analysis multiple choice tests and quizzes (one every two or three weeks) Regular vocabulary assignments and assessments (twice per unit of study) Regular opportunities for peer editing and multiple revisions of on Are Laws to Human essays (always when formal essays are due; see unit descriptions below) Regular assessment and review of grammar and american complex sentence structure (when needed, about once every two weeks) Formal and informal exercises on wedding speech, analyzing image as text (during the unit that covers the two synthesis papers—see unit descriptions; once per merged with week) Reflective free writing, such as writing a letter to a character, and free responses to significant questions and quotes from a work (about twice per week). Engagement in Essay Essential to Human, the research process, including gathering and deciphering sources, outlining, drafting, and responding to critical feedback from the teacher and from peers through revision. Living Deliberately: In this unit, students study the art of the reflective essay by reading the who did merged with, works of Annie Dillard, Henry David Thoreau, and Speaking Patients Ralph Waldo Emerson.
They will answer questions such as: How is this kind of writing different from autobiography? How do the writers present their experiences? How do they generate meaning? How do they use events, people, and places to communicate their meaning? With what themes are all of these authors concerned?
Who is their audience? How are their approaches to delivering these themes alike? How are they different? What literary devices do the american merged with, authors employ in the service of billboards and television commercials tend to use their own writing? After intense examination, students will apply what they have learned from american airlines merged with, these exemplary models and write their own reflective essay, preferably using nature as a vehicle for exploration and meaning. Essay On Are Laws To Human Happiness?. Regular journal writing will provide a wealth of material from american merged, which to draw. In addition, students will work in groups during class time to write their own set of AP multiple choice questions on commercials to use, one of the passages from their summer reading. Who Did Merged. Each group will write one of each of the following types of AP questions: inferential, factual, technical, and analytical. Victims or Villains?
This unit is an attempt to look at the colorful characters of Arthur Miller’s The Crucible , and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter . Can we defend Abigail Williams, Roger Chillingworth, and Arthur Dimmesdale? If so, how? In the Nursing Essay, first segment of the unit, students will take a position on Abigail Williams in an argumentative essay: is she a self-absorbed, opportunistic villain or a victim of who did airlines merged with a repressive, hysteria-driven and vengeful society? In the second segment of the unit, students will write both an argumentative , in-class essay (defending one of the less defensible characters from The Scarlet Letter ), as well as an in-class analysis essay on the rhetorical methods of Hawthorne’s chapter, “The Prison Door.” Studying and parodying Jonathan Edwards’s famous sermon , Sinners in the Hands of an Essay Essential Happiness? Angry God , will help to explain the fear and rebellion that may be driving figures such as these. The formal take-home writing project for this unit of study is a first-chapter of a novel similar to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The Prison Door”. Final Exam for First Semester : The midterm exam consists of a rhetorical analysis essay and a multiple-choice section. The exam is done in the classroom in who did with, a period of to use 90 minutes. The exam counts for who did american airlines with, 15% of the final semester grade. Minstrel Show or Satire? The novel, Huckleberry Finn , has been controversial from the moment of its publication.
Originally, libraries across the nation banned it for its vulgar usage of language. They saw it as a story about a boy from the slums who smoked, who was dishonest, and billboards to use who used poor grammar. More recently, the novel became controversial for two other reasons: (1) the abundant use of the “N” word, and (2) the stereotypical depiction of Jim. Students will develop a position on american merged, whether Huckleberry Finn should be taught in schools across the United States or should be eliminated from the curriculum. In order to answer this question in an argumentative essay, students must synthesize a variety of wedding speech sister critical, pictorial, and historical sources, which are provided in with, the required edition of the history of csr, text for this class. Yet, in order to take a position on the matter, students must understand deeply the purpose of satire and Twain’s own employment of satire. Therefore, students will not only american merged, analyze Twain’s own use of satire, but also write their own satire on a contemporary problem in their own society. Nursing Non-English. Foolish Dreamer or Romantic Idealist? I think I saw the american airlines merged with, American dream in history of csr, your swimming pool!
Is Jay Gatsby someone to be admired? Or is his dream of winning back the airlines with, alluring Daisy Buchanan the product of foolish hubris? If so, then should we discount him as someone to admire? Is Gatsby the Grammaticality and Proficiency in French, instantiation of the American dream? We will ask these questions and more as we read one of America’s greatest novels of all time, The Great Gatsby. In this unit, AP students study F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel in conjunction with their studies of the 1920’s and the Jazz Age in AP American History. For their culminating project, these students will design their own research question on a topic concerning the 1920’s and research their own variety of sources in order to answer the question in a formal synthesis paper . Airlines Merged With. Because this is history of csr considered a research paper, the american airlines with, final product must reflect all of the criteria of a typical formal research paper, including proper MLA formatting and a works cited page. And Television. See “Research and Writing Resources” on the class website. Final Exam : The synthesis paper (above) on a topic concerning The Great Gatsby and the 1920s will satisfy the american, requirements for the final exam. This paper will count for 20% of the final spring semester grade. AP Practice Exam: Students who decide to take the AP exam are required to complete a full 3-hour and 15 minute practice AP exam given on Saturday, May 8. Students are responsible to clear their schedules and to inform their parents about this event well in Nursing Reflection: Speaking Patients Essay, advance.
A grade will be awarded to all students who take this exam. Students who do not show up will receive a zero unless illness or serious, documented, and unforeseen personal and family circumstances arise. Airlines Merged With. In such a case, the student’s parent should contact Ms. Harris as well as the and television tend, teacher. Students need to purchase and who did american with bring daily.
1) a three-ring binder with five dividers, 2) writing implements (pencils, dark blue pens or black pens) 3) lined 8 ? x 11 inch white paper (use three-hole punch, not tear-out paper, please). 4) several yellow highlighters for annotating. 5) one pack of colored pencils for special artistic, in-class reading activities (to be kept by billboards commercials Ms. Craig in the classroom).
6) Nightly access to a working computer and to the internet. A student#8217;s grade will be determined by the following weighted categories: Homework and Classwork: 25% Tests and Quizzes: 30% Papers, In-class Essays and other Projects: 30% Classroom Behavior and who did american airlines merged with Participation (includes adherence to Upper School general classroom rules and guidelines, respectful listening and treatment of the teacher and fellow classmates, focused and active participation in small and large group activities, attendance, non-distracting behaviors and preparedness): 15% Note: The above percentages are approximate and Laws Essential to Human reflect the semester as a whole. At grading periods along the way, the weighting may be adjusted slightly to american airlines merged, reflect actual work done to date. History Of Csr. Each assignment is given a certain number of points whose value has meaning in comparison to others in who did american merged with, the same category. Student letter grades are determined according to the Upper School Handbook. There will be no alteration to these cut-offs: A+ 98-100 B+ 87-89 C+ 77-79 D+ 67-69.
A 93-97 B 83-86 C 73-76 D 63-66. A- 90-92 B- 80-82 C- 70-72 D- 60-62 F Below 60. (0.5 and above rounds up; 0.4 and wedding speech from sister below rounds down.) Attendance, Late and Class Policies: I expect you to be here on time with your materials out (paper, notebook, pen and airlines merged with relevant texts) and your mind ready for 45 minutes of English. Discussions are an essential part of the Speaking Patients Essay, course; therefore, your respectful, spirited participation is required. Disagreement in our classroom is natural, even desired, as considering diverse opinions can be very productive; however, these opinions must be expressed with respect and civility, and listening open-mindedly to others is essential to learning. Rudeness or denigrating comments will not be tolerated. Written Work: All work is due at airlines merged with, the beginning of the period, printed, ready to hand in. In general, late work will be lowered 10% per day that it is late. However, be advised that many assignments done in preparation for Gender Grammaticality in French Second Learners, class (worth 10 points or less) are of american airlines merged with little use after the fact, and in French Second Language Learners thus will not receive any late credit . Broken printers, computers, etc. are not a valid excuse.
If you cannot print at home, email it to me at school or to Ms. Peterson in the computer lab in an emergency. I will give you credit for who did american, on-time completion based on timely electronic arrival. If you miss a class for fundamentals markets in australia, an unplanned but excused absence, you are responsible for coming to see me to make sure you have turned in any work and american airlines merged with gotten any handouts and/or other important information that you missed. On Are Laws Essential Happiness?. #8220;I wasn#8217;t there that day#8221; is not a valid excuse. Also, if you will miss class, and you know that in advance, (for family matters, sports events, etc.) please be advised that you must turn in who did american airlines merged, any work due or arrange to take any quizzes IN ADVANCE of your departure; failure to history of csr, do so will result in a #8220;late#8221; grade, or no credit, depending on the assignment. Who Did American Merged With. You can expect me to be open to questions, available for extra help, and respectful and fair in my dealings with students. I am very thorough in grading papers, and I will strive to return most work no later than a week after the assignment was due. Longer assignments may take a bit more time, however. I’m more sympathetic if you come see me one-on-one when you have problems. You can come see me at billboards and television tend to use, any Scholar Session, and at many other times (best to make arrangements in advance whenever possible.) I really enjoy helping students talk through ideas for papers or work on revisions, so please don#8217;t hesitate to ask for help.
Please feel free to e-mail me or, if especially urgent, you may call me on my cell phone (my only airlines merged with, phone). I usually check my e-mail no later than 9:00 p.m. You should strive to obtain the history of csr, information you need from the website, your classmates, or your handout materials first, however. You can expect me to provide you with readings and assignments that will challenge you and use many different types of intelligences. While you may not like all of them , you can expect me to convey the relevance and objectives for each, so you know why you are doing the things you do.
I have high expectations for all of you, and american airlines merged with you can expect me to help you achieve them. You can also expect me to provide you with more challenging reading and assignments if you find that the mainstream work is not as demanding as your need it to be. History Of Csr. However, I need you to communicate with me if this is the merged with, case. I will sit down with you and devise a plan for a challenging and engaging way for you to demonstrate your comprehension of this extra reading, but you need to come see me. Communication: If you have a question regarding an speech for brother sister uncomfortable classroom situation, a specific grade, or a disjunction between what Power School/Grade says and airlines merged with how you think you are doing in class, or any other concern, you should talk to me first before getting your parents involved. Most of the time, misunderstandings can be easily remedied with discreet, honest, searching, and respectful communication between the student and the teacher. This mode of Essay on Are to Human Happiness? communication done pro-actively and independently contributes to a productive relationship between you and your teacher, and encourages self-reliance that prepares you for college and american merged adulthood. Academic Honesty: Academic dis honesty includes cheating of any sort, fabrication, plagiarism (intentional and unintentional), submitting the same paper or work for more than one class, unless a cross-curricular project, including submitting a paper you wrote for another school, and facilitating academic dishonesty (i.e., helping someone else do any of the above). Grammaticality In French Second. Any work that is plagiarized will receive a zero for the assignment at a minimum. To help you along with avoiding plagiarism, I am requiring that every student submit each one of their final papers, including a COMPLETE first draft for each, to Turnitin.com , a commonly used and helpful site for students and american merged teachers in many high schools, colleges and universities. Please read through page 24 of the 2009-2010 Upper School Handbook for billboards and television commercials to use, the continuation of who did american this description and our policies on on Are, academic dishonesty.
I have also provided for airlines with, you a more thorough explanation of billboards commercials tend plagiarism informed my own experience working with students ( see class website and look under “PAGES” and american merged then “Research and Writing Resources” ). You are expected to Reflection: Speaking Patients Essay, read ALL of these explanations thoroughly before you turn in your first essay. Please look for the class information to get into the Turnitin submission site before your first essay is due. I will post this information in the classroom and on your assignment sheets for formal papers. Parents are encouraged to read what their kids are reading and discuss as desired and initiated by the student any questions that come up. I ask that parents try to airlines merged with, be questioners themselves, rather than telling the student #8220;the answer.#8221; I urge them to resist the temptation to #8220;correct#8221; student writing. Instead, parents can point out where they see problems, and Essay Laws Essential to Human Happiness? see if the who did airlines with, student can figure out what#8217;s wrong on fundamentals of financial markets & institutions, his/her own first. If not, parents might then try identifying the type of problem (e.g. #8220;There is a punctuation error on who did american merged with, this line, do you see it?#8221;) and only get more specific if necessary. Please encourage students to proofread their work carefully, before they ask for help. Simply correcting the student#8217;s paper and having him/her type in changes (or, even more so, typing them for him/her) not only does not allow him/her to think for him/herself, it is also considered an wedding from sister inappropriate degree of parental involvement, except in cases of specific learning differences, which should be discussed between student, parent, and teacher, so that we are all working toward the same ends.
Parents are also invited and encouraged to log on merged, to the markets in australia, class website to see what we are doing on a weekly basis. Who Did Airlines Merged. I have compiled (and will continue to add) helpful worksheets, optional comprehension questions for more focused reading, assignments, research links, and many other resources on this site. I welcome your feedback and ideas for making it a more effective learning tool for students. Finally, I encourage parents to come to Academics in the Spotlight, Parent Conferences, and other opportunities that CSS provides for parent-teacher interaction. Beyond these formal events, I welcome your personal communication. The best way to initiate a conversation is through email, as I check my email at least once, and usually several times daily. From there, we can figure out a time to markets, talk in person or by phone if necessary.
Students : please sign, detach and return the portion below, making sure your parents have signed first. Who Did. Keep the main document in Essay on Are Laws to Human Happiness?, your notebook for who did american, future reference. I have also put the syllabus on Nursing Reflection:, the class website for your convenience. With. Parents : After you have read this syllabus carefully, please sign and detach this sheet and return it to me via your son/daughter, who should also read and sign it. Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions. Upper School English Teacher. I have thoroughly read and understand the above syllabus.
Student Signature Date. Parent Signature Date. A hard copy of commercials tend to use this syllabus will be furnished to all students on the first day of class.
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Drag it Out: How to Use Extended Metaphors for Maximum Effect. I love metaphors, and I find them useful in all facets of my life as a way to understand new concepts by comparing them to american merged familiar concepts. Take my work history, for instance. In my early post-college days, I worked as a nanny for a family with three young boys. My days were spent running around making sure everyone was where they were supposed to of financial markets & institutions be, had what they needed, and was doing what they were supposed to be doing. My next job had me working as an administrative assistant at a shipyard, supporting an office of 40 men. My days were spent running around making sure everyone was where they were supposed to be, had what they needed, and was doing what they were supposed to be doing. I often told people I went from babysitting three little boys to babysitting forty big boys. The environments were entirely different (for one, I never had to who did american airlines wear a hard hat while I was a nanny) but overall, my role as caretaker to the people I worked with wasn’t much different. In literature, metaphors are used much the commercials to use, same way. Writers employ metaphors to who did airlines merged with draw comparisons between two disparate concepts, using one to make a point about another.
As you probably remember from your school days, a metaphor is most simply expressed as a simile. Similes are marked by the use of the words “like” or “as” to compare two (or more) elements For example: Her eyes are bright like the sun. Her eyes are bright as the history of csr, sun. In the who did american airlines merged with, examples above, “like” and “as” are used to link the concepts of “her eyes” with the history of csr, properties of “the sun”brightness, in particular. Metaphors eliminate the airlines, need for a specific word to Essay Laws to Human Happiness? make the merged with, comparison. Instead, metaphors link two ideas directly without the intermediary.
On the wedding speech from, most basic level, the sentence above could be written as a metaphor like this: Her eyes are the sun. The connection between her eyes and the sun (and all its properties) is here made direct and, in a sense, stronger. The sentence and merged, the image it conveys are much stronger without the “like” or “as” to billboards tend weaken it. Extended metaphors (also known as a conceit ) take two (sometimes more) concepts and who did american airlines merged, evaluate them over a series of sentences to create a more intricate picture of how one thing is like the other. Extended metaphors use complex logic such as the wedding speech for brother from, following to flesh out the argument: Compare (how one is who did merged with, like the other) Contrast (how one in unlike the billboards and television, other) Juxtaposition (placing both ideas together) Analogy (the relationship of one to the other) Extrapolation (inferring or hypothesizing the who did american airlines merged, unknown about one using the known of the other)
There are no particular parameters defined for how long or short an extended metaphor can be, but in typical use, an extended metaphor is Nursing Speaking Patients Essay, more than one sentence that draws the comparison and can go as long as a whole paragraph, poem, story, novel, etc. Anne Bradstreet was born in England in 1612 and who did merged with, emigrated to New England in 1630. She was the billboards and television, daughter of English nobility, and her father and husband were both involved in the government of the Boston settlement. Though Anne came from an educated family, and enjoyed reading and learning, she lived the life of any wife in those early, difficult days in the new worldshe dealt with illness, food shortages, terrible weather, eight children, and long absences from her husband. For solace, she wrote, but she didn’t share it beyond her tight circle of who did merged with, friends and family because the Puritan society she lived in didn’t value the opinions of woman, and certainly would have shunned her for making her thoughts public.
However, Anne had some fans. In 1650, her brother-in-law secretly copied some of her poems and had them published in England without her knowledge or permission. The following poem summarizes some of Anne’s thoughts on the event. Thou ill-formed offspring of my feeble brain, Who after birth did'st by Grammaticality Second Language my side remain, Till snatcht from thence by american airlines with friends, less wise than true, Who thee abroad exposed to commercials tend to use public view, Made thee in rags, halting to th' press to trudge, Where errors were not lessened (all may judge). At thy return my blushing was not small,
My rambling brat (in print) should mother call. I cast thee by as one unfit for light, The visage was so irksome in my sight, Yet being mine own, at length affection would. Thy blemishes amend, if so I could. I washed thy face, but more defects I saw, And rubbing off a spot, still made a flaw. I stretcht thy joints to american airlines merged make thee even feet, Yet still thou run'st more hobbling than is meet. In better dress to trim thee was my mind,
But nought save home-spun cloth, i' th' house I find. In this array, 'mongst vulgars may'st thou roam. In critic's hands, beware thou dost not come, And take thy way where yet thou art not known. If for thy father askt, say, thou hadst none; And for thy mother, she alas is poor, Which caused her thus to fundamentals send thee out of airlines with, door. Note how she weaves her experience of motherhood into a discussion of Essay Laws Happiness?, her book as a child snatched from her before she was ready. Riddled, of american airlines merged with, course, with what would have been then considered appropriate feminine submission and self-deprecation (“blushing”), we modern readers can nonetheless infer that she may actually be a little proud of her “rambling brat (in print)” for after attempting to “cast [it] by as once unfit for light” she ultimately notes that “affection” caused her to attempt revision of her work. Note also how she uses terminology that can apply to both a child and billboards tend, book or piece of writing.
“Feet” can be physical feet (the things at the end of legs) or poetic feet (the metrical unit that determines how syllables are accented in a poem, e.g. iambic pentameter which means five feet/line of poetry that use the iambic meter) “Rags” clothing or the fabric cover of merged, a book “Rubbing off a spot” wiping dirt from Gender Grammaticality Language Learners, a child’s face or rubbing out a word or letter on a page. Despite just being an excellent example of extended metaphor, there is who did with, much to find exceptional about this poem. For one, any writer or artist can relate to her attitude of apprehension about how her art will be received by wedding speech for brother from “the critics”. Who Did Merged With! I personally share her desire to continuously revise, even if it doesn’t do any real good. Fundamentals Markets! Pair this nearly universal notion for who did, artists of any medium in any generation with the knowledge of the kind of culture Anne wrote her poems in, and & institutions, it’s hard not to who did american airlines merged with be in awe of this woman. Sure, every author from Shakespeare to Jim Goad has used extended metaphor and fundamentals markets & institutions, finding an example is easy as G-o-o-g-l-e. Off the page, too, there are plenty of places where extended metaphor is used heavily. In fact, I would argue that the extended metaphor is the go-to device for most rhetoric, whether written, spoken, sung, or even presented visually.
A few years back when I lived in Seattle, I sometimes passed street protesters with signs depicting Obama with a Hitler mustache. When I stopped to learn what the heck they were protesting in that way, I found out they were handing out written materials that likened the Obama healthcare reform bill to the medical experimentation performed on american merged, inmates of the concentration camps during the history of csr, Second World War. The Obama as Hitler image paired with the literature and the talking points the protesters had prepared to created a dynamic rhetoric that included extended metaphor in a variety of mediums. While I thought their method was inflammatory and their message untrue, I understood why they used strongest possible metaphorical comparison to make their pointit attracted a crowd. Who Did Airlines! Had they just passed out a brochure detailing their objections to the proposed policy, likely no one would have paid attention. As it was, scores of people stopped to curse the crew or give a high five or take a picture.
Using the history of csr, audiences’ experience, prejudices, assumptions, and connotations about one element to make a statement about another is a very strong way to make a point because it affects both the logical and the emotional centers of the airlines with, audiences’ brain. Essay Essential Happiness?! The protesters hijacked the notion of Hitler and all the negative emotions that surround the man, his policies, and his actions to make a statement about an entirely different man with different policies, and decidedly different actions. However, using only who did american, one or two lines of comparison between the two, they were able to connect the entire negative image of Hitler with Obama. When building an history of csr extended metaphorwhether for the purpose of rhetoric or just plain storytellingthere are some practices to who did airlines with keep in mind. Juxtapose known concepts with unknown or lesser known concepts. History Of Csr! Take a cue from Anne Bradstreet and combine something you (or your audience) know well with something that is new to you (or your audience). Anne gave birth to american merged with 8 children in of financial her lifetime, so the anxieties of motherhood were known to her. On the contrary, becoming a published (and relatively well-received) author was entirely new to her. To conceptualize her experience, she wrote about in terms of a mother too soon separated from a child. Be consistent. Ensure the language you choose equally applies to both situations.
A great way to keep this in check is to follow the rules of the grammatical concept of who did american airlines, parallelism . Nursing Non-English Speaking Patients! In a parallel structured sentence, all parts of the sentence should be grammatically equal. For instance, verbs should be in the same tense (though they can be differently conjugated according to the subject), nouns should be the same number (either singular or plural), and the subject/verb structure should be equal. An example of airlines with, a parallel sentence: Before Sarah took a shower, she fed the dog and the cat, she woke the wedding, baby and the husband, she made the who did american airlines, bed and the breakfast. Note how the verbs fed/woke/made are all in the same tense (past perfect) and each verb applies equally to each element: fed dog/cat, woke baby/husband, made bed/breakfast. Also the Nursing Non-English Speaking, structure of each of the independent clauses includes the same order of elements; subject (she), verb (fed/woke/made), object (dog/baby/bed) and object (cat/husband/breakfast). Each element parallels the other two elements in structure and tense thus creating a balanced sentence. Extended metaphors can also benefits from who did american airlines, this sort of balance.
Like the & institutions, parallel structure, verbs and other word choices should apply equally to either element. As I noted above, Bradstreet’s use of “feet”, “rags” and “rubbing off a spot” were all terms that applied to either a child or a book. Avoid clichés. Pretty please don’t compare relearning an who did american merged old skill to of financial & institutions in australia “riding a bike” or conquering an old fear to who did airlines with “getting back in the saddle.” Maybe mentioning it is history of csr, cliché in itself, but the most successful metaphors are the who did with, most unexpected. It could be said that comparing one iconic political figure to another (Hitler and Obama) is not unexpected, and it could even be said that parenthood and creating art have been compared beforethere is NOTHING new under the sun, right?but previous examples aside, there are some great unexpected metaphors yet to explore. Of Financial & Institutions In Australia! Unexpected doesn't have to mean complex, either, just unique but believable.
Here’s a recent example from the Shouts and Murmurs section of the New Yorker that compares breaking up with a baseball trade. Josh always knew, on some level, that it was possible for him to get traded. He’d seen it happen to dozens of guys over the years, including some of his closest friends. American Airlines Merged With! It was part of the game. Still, he had never been traded himself, and he was having some trouble accepting it. He kept expecting someone to tap him on the shoulder and tell him the whole thing was a joke. “Here’s your stuff,” Kate said, dropping a duffelbag at his feet. History Of Csr! “Goodbye.” Josh stared at her for airlines with, a moment, expecting some kind of Non-English Patients, encouragement or sympathy.
But Kate just stood there, her eyelids fluttering with impatience. “So that’s it, then,” Josh said. “After three and who did, a half years.” “What do you want me to say?” Kate snapped. He picked up the bag and fundamentals of financial & institutions in australia, slung it wearily over his shoulder. Who Did American Airlines Merged! There was nothing he could do. When your girlfriend decides to trade you, you’re through. “I just don’t get it!” Josh shouted, over the din of the jukebox. “I thought things were going really well.” “They weren’t,” his brother Craig said. “The writing was on the wall.” “Oh, yeah. Nursing Reflection:! Your record’s been sinking all year. You told me yourself you had a five-argument losing streak. American Merged With! And then there were all those errors.” Josh nodded ruefully.
There had been a lot of errors this year. Forty-five Missed Compliments, three Forgotten Events, twelve Accidental Insultshe’d been playing like a rookie. Craig squeezed his little brother’s shoulder. “I’m sorry, Josh,” he said. “Believe me, I know what you’re going through. Remember in history of csr ’04-’05? When Zoe traded me?”
Josh nodded. They’d come to the same bar then. “I was devastated,” Craig said. Who Did Airlines With! “I’d just taken her to Henry’s Inn for her birthdayyou know, that fancy place with all the billboards and television tend, candles? Got her a steak, gave her a necklace, took her to a show, massaged her feet . Who Did Airlines With! . .” “Uh-huh. Then I wake up the next day and wedding for brother from sister, she’s giving me my marching orders. Tells me she needs to ‘shake things up’ if she wants to remain a contender.” “It was right before Valentine’s Day.” “Exactly. You know what the worst part is? I know the guy she traded me for. Who Did Merged With! And he’s garbage.” “Yeah, he’s some kind of banker.
Always looking at himself in the mirror and fixing his goddam tie. It’s, like, ‘Come on, you traded me for this guy?’ I mean, O.K., his stats are pretty good. He’s got me beat in Money, and his Sex Numbers are impressive. But what about fundamentals of financial markets & institutions in australia, intangibles? What about Attitude? Intelligence? Effort? Those things have got to count for something!” He ate some potato chips and wiped the grease on his jeans.
“Who am I kidding?” he muttered. Airlines Merged! “These days? The only thing they care about Nursing Non-English Speaking Patients, is the bottom line.” When Kate had offered Josh his contract, he was so excited that he barely bothered to read it. He realized now that he should have perused the fine print. According to who did airlines merged with the trade clause, he had seventy-two hours to get his stuff out of her apartment.
His Sexual Privileges were completely revoked, along with Hugging Rights and Injury Sympathy. It was insane. Why had he given her so much power in the first place? He was struggling to get through the speech from sister, clause on Mutual Friendsthe footnotes alone were five pageswhen he heard a knock on who did american airlines, the door. Billboards! He took a long, slow breath and opened it. Kate’s new boyfriend smirked down at him. He had tattoos on who did, his neck and on Are Essential to Human, was wearing a scarf and shades, even though it was summer and merged with, he was indoors. Josh forced a smile.
There was no reason to be impolite. It was an awkward situation, but what could he do about it? The two men shook hands, reached into their pockets, and exchanged keys. “This one’s for Kate’s lobby,” Josh explained. History Of Csr! “And this one’s for who did american with, her door. You have to kind of push it in and then turn.” “Lisa likes it from Nursing Reflection: Non-English Speaking Essay, behind,” he offered. Josh nodded awkwardly. “What do you mean, ‘an artist’?” Craig asked. “Like, in advertising or something?” Josh swallowed. It was taking him a tremendous amount of effort to get the american, words out.
It was as if his tongue were coated with clay. “He does performance art,” he mumbled. Billboards Commercials Tend! “Based on Camus . . . and Sartre.” “Jesus,” Craig said. With! “She traded you for markets & institutions, that?” He ordered another round of drinks. “Is it all finalized?” he asked. “We both passed our physicals. He’s probably at her place by now.”
He banged his fist on the bar. “Damn it!” he said. “I know I’m not an all-star, all right? My job is merged with, boring, I don’t understand art, and wedding speech, I like bad TV! I just . . . I thought I was worth something.” He shook his head. “She must have really wanted to get rid of me.” Below is a list of concepts and objects. Pick two and use one as a metaphor for the other. Write at least five sentences or lines of poetry. Voicemail Dancing with the Stars High heels Soap/cleanliness Immigration Scotch tape (or similar) Parents Gardening Hockey Horror movies Horses Jewelry. Taylor Houston is a genuine Word Nerd living in Portland, OR where she works as a technical writer and volunteers on the marketing committee for who did airlines with, Wordstock, a local organization dedicated to writing education. She has a BA in Creative Writing and Spanish from Hamilton College and attended Penn State's MFA program in Creative Nonfiction.
She has taught writing at all levels from middle school to college to adult, and she is the creator of Writer’s Cramp, a class for adults who just want to write! To leave a comment Login with Facebook or create a free account. Horror Movies and Jewelry: Luminescent, it sparkled in the moonlight. Billboards And Television Commercials To Use! Breathless, I looked into airlines with, his eyes.
Arrested, my heart stopped beating. Motionless, I fell into his embrace. This night would forever be sliced into fundamentals of financial in australia, my memory. I think it still needs some work, but I definitely enjoyed writing it! Dancing With the Stars is who did american airlines merged, Immigration for has-been Stars. JRNutt, that's great! I'm glad you enjoyed writing it. They are fun to play around with. Jenny, that is SOO true. It's like immigration back into the public eye from their previous exile as has-beens that we all forgot about. I've never really written with extended metaphors before, but I wanted to give it a shot.
Soap/Cleanliness and Parents They always want you to be clean and history of csr, never dirty. The good ones do, anyway. Some don’t care about their kids, neglecting them, letting them grow up to lead spattered, dirt-covered lives. I know my parents cared: they dragged me to church and taught me to pray every night, they pushed me to work harder in who did american airlines merged school, they taught me the value of money, and they taught me the value of love. On Are To Human! They also taught me about violence, doing harm unto others, living in airlines so-called sin.
Everything they did was directed towards bringing me up in the cleanliest way they could, so that when I left for Harvard or when I raised a good family and Gender Second Learners, lived with them in american airlines merged a nice home, they could look at each other and from, know that they succeeded at raising me. High heeled immigration. Her room, her world, is familiar and stale. Worn sandals and who did american airlines with, faded lounge pants creating disheveled banks for a slight walkway where she practices her gait. Preparation for a formal in Nursing Reflection: Patients which her goal is to be unnoticed but present and engaged.
She selects ordinary heels. Who Did Airlines With! Enough to be accepted. However, this can not quell her desperate need for assimilation in unfamiliar surroundings. Desperation developed from Gender in French Second Learners, fear of the who did american merged with, unknown pathways she will encounter. Nursing Speaking Essay! Her joints jockeying for balance, her feet trying to maintain grace. This was an enjoyable exercise. It irritated the monotony.
Thanks for who did airlines, that. The structure, rickety and decrepit, only had two letters left of it's neon sign, N and history of csr, S. Both flickered and hissed, with the I remaining dark, dead, in front of the other two letters. People shaking in serapes, mothers and children and young men in ponchos, stood behind an electrified fence. American Merged! The gardeners with their uniforms clean and pressed and brown, badges gleaning and guns oiled, sauntered through the garden, picking out the weeds they saw unfit to stay in their patch of land expanding from Atlantic to Pacific.
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Discuss the who did airlines advantages and disadvantages of the doctrine of Patients precedent. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the doctrine of precedent. Judicial precedent concerns itself with the influence and value of past decisions of case law and prior legal experience. The doctrine of precedent means that judges refer back to previous decisions to help them decide similar cases where the law and airlines facts are alike. A fundamental principle upon which the doctrine of judicial precedent rests, is that a hierarchy of courts is needed if it is to operate. The concept of stare decisis, meaning to stand by what has been decided, forms the basis of the fundamentals markets & institutions in australia doctrine of judicial precedent. The notion is that like cases should be treated alike for the sake of certainty and consistency which, it is argued, leads to fairness. The effect of this is that, ordinarily, the legal reasoning on a point of law made in an earlier case must be followed.
If all courts, regardless of their status or seniority, were able to set precedent, the doctrine of judicial precedent would be a nonsense as it would be practically impossible to determine which precedent took precedence! The doctrine of judicial precedent has overcome this by the requirement that all courts are strictly bound to follow decisions made by the courts above them in the hierarchy. American Airlines Merged With. In addition appellate courts are normally bound by their own past decisions. However, there are advantages and disadvantages. Any discussion of the advantages is likely to include the point that the doctrine provides certainty in the law. This means the history of csr legal profession can give more helpful advice regarding the who did airlines merged law to their clients, including advice as to the merits of the Speaking Patients case and, just as importantly, advice regarding the outcome. This is who did merged with, essential because issues of costs are likely to history of csr be involved and any question of whether to continue with a court action may have to be balanced with the chances of success and the probable costs involved.
There is a saying that anyone can start proceedings but, once commenced, it is not necessarily as easy to bring an end to them. This is because, whilst starting proceedings may be in your hands, ending them may involve other parties. The doctrine of precedent therefore helps with questions of predictability as judicial precedent is rigidly followed. This certainty leads to consistency and fairness in that like cases are dealt with in a similar way. Who Did. This fairness is important as there is a principle that we should all have access to justice and the courts. This principle would be made more difficult to achieve if it was the Nursing Reflection: Non-English Speaking case that there were inequalities and there was one law for the rich and one for the poor.
Mr Justice Darling J was reported as saying “The law, like the tavern, is airlines, open to all. Lord Justice Matthew elaborated by saying “In England justice is open to all, like the Ritz” pertaining to the fact that you may be able to enter the markets & institutions Ritz but you would need money to make full use of the service there. In recent times an independent judiciary is seen as an essential but separate arm of the state and no less important than the executive part of government and the legislature. There are some limited ways in who did american, which judges may avoid precedent and these include distinguishing. Distinguishing may be used by a judge if he or she decides that the material facts are sufficiently different from the earlier case which would otherwise have set a precedent for the present case to follow.
The facts used to differentiate the two cases must be relevant and material to the legal principles which will determine the outcome of the Grammaticality and Proficiency Learners case trivial or minor differences will not suffice. Unless the judge is able to draw such a distinction he would be bound to follow the who did merged with previous case even if he or she did not agree with the legal reasoning. The concept of Gender Grammaticality in French judicial precedent is strictly adhered to. Sometimes the practice of distinguishing is criticised as it leads to 'hair splitting' or 'illogical' differences, meaning that it is hard to who did american airlines merged with see any real justification for not following the previous precedent thus making the Reflection: Non-English law become uncertain and undermining the key reason behind having a system based upon past judicial decisions. There are two cases which are often cited by way of illustration of how distinguishing works. The cases are Balfour v Balfour (1919) and Merritt v Merritt (1971) . In both cases a wife made a claim against her husband for breach of contract. In Balfour v Balfour the husband went overseas to work and his wife was unable to go with him, he agreed orally to send her £30 a month until she was able to join him. Who Did American Merged With. The relationship broke down and the payments ceased. The wife tried to Nursing Non-English get the agreement enforced but the claim failed as it was decided that there was no intention to create legal relations (one of the conditions one would normally expect in order to airlines merged find that a legally binding agreement existed). The arrangement was one which was considered to be a domestic arrangement between a husband and a wife.
In the later case the claim succeeded. The court in the case of Merritt v Merritt were able to distinguish that there were material differences in the facts from those of Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Language Balfour v Balfour . The husband had agreed to who did merged with pay £40 per month maintenance, the wife was to use this to pay the mortgage and, once the mortgage was paid off, the house was to be transferred from joint names to the wife's name. Although this had been written down and the agreement signed, the husband would not transfer the house when the mortgage was paid. The differences were that in the Merritt case the parties were already separated so the relationship between one family member and another could be seen to be different and more distant. This might explain why the parties decided to put the agreement in writing, again this was not the Patients case in Balfour and suggested an intention to put the american airlines arrangement on a more formal footing. So in this case the husband had to transfer the and television to use house to the wife.
Some might also argue that over the time between the cases, society's attitude towards the subject of american airlines merged marital breakdown may well have changed and that the court's decision in wedding for brother from, Merritt simply needed to be more realistic and reflect the parties' need to protect themselves. Overruling is another way of avoiding precedent. Overruling a previous precedent arises where a court decides, in a later case, that the who did airlines merged with legal ruling or reasoning in an earlier case was not correctly applied or no longer appropriate, the court is really saying that the earlier decision should not now be followed and in French Second Language Learners the case is airlines, no longer considered to be good law. Illustrations of when overruling may occur are: 1. When a higher court overrules a decision made by a lower court in an earlier case e.g. the Supreme Court overruling the decision of the Court of Reflection: Non-English Speaking Patients Appeal in an earlier case; 2. When the European Court of airlines merged with Justice decides to overrule a previous decision that it has been made by not following the decision; 3. When the Supreme Court decides to exercise its discretion and declare one of its own previous decisions to be no longer law and overrules it. The cases of Pepper v Hart (1993) and Davis v Johnson (1979) provide a good example of the principle of overruling by the House of Lords using its authority under the for brother from Practice Statement 1966 . In Pepper v Hart the House of who did american airlines Lords decided that Hansard (the official record of of what is fundamentals of financial markets in australia, said in Parliament) could be admitted in evidence before the court when trying to decide what was meant by particular words in airlines merged with, a statute. This meant that the earlier decision of Davis v Johnson to the effect that Hansard could not be consulted no longer represented the law and was overruled. There is a reluctance to overrule old decisions and this may be because overruling operates retrospectively, meaning that the principle of law being overruled is held never to have been law. It may also have the effect of criminalising previously lawful behaviour.
As can be seen there is some room for flexibility but in reality such cases are exceptional and opportunities are effectively limited to the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court bearing in mind their position in the court hierarchy. It is said that the doctrine of precedent saves time. This is because the law can be found in important cases which set precedent and that such decisions are likely to be found in the decisions of the senior courts in the hierarchy. There will be endless similar case dealing with similar points of law and material facts. It would be tempting for lawyers to spend considerable time researching such cases were it not for the doctrine of precedent.
The doctrine means that in effect it is only the earlier decisions of the senior appellant courts which are high enough in the hierarchy to stand the test of time and set a precedent. There will be numerous cases which do not set a precedent. So the doctrine is said to save time as the law is found in the cases which set precedent not the Nursing Non-English Speaking numerous other cases. Although time saving does occur the system is complex and sometimes the courts feel it necessary to remind themselves about how the law in a specific area has developed over a period of time. This may be justified on the basis that it leads to a better understanding of the law amongst the judiciary and the legal profession but such detailed considerations are time consuming and expensive as it consumes the court's time.
This may be particularly notable in difficult areas of the law and in situations where the judiciary attempt to draw attention to american with matters which they feel need the attention of fundamentals markets & institutions Parliament and are best left to Parliament such as the criminal age of responsibility. In (a minor) v DPP(1996) , the airlines merged House referred to the anomalies and issues raised by the rebuttable common law presumption that a child between the Essay on Are to Human ages of with 10 and 14 is markets, incapable of committing a crime. Despite a suggestion that the american airlines merged House had some sympathy for the arguments for change, the Reflection: Speaking House refused to abolish the presumption and american airlines publicly stated that they called upon from, Parliament to act on the matter. The case is helpful in that Lord Lowry gave some considered guidelines as to when it might be appropriate to engage in judicial law-making. Lord Lowry, who gave the leading judgement, said it was time for a much- needed new look at an undoubted problem. This is a classic case for parliamentary investigation, deliberation and legislation,. Lord Lowry was perhaps right to be cautious as we now know the age of criminal responsibility is who did american airlines with, still the subject of considerable debate to this day.
There are a number of disadvantages and these include the assertion that the system is Grammaticality and Proficiency Learners, too rigid. This in turn leads to the criticism that the law is too slow to develop and does not keep pace with social change and developments in society. There are strong arguments that the law should meet the needs of the society it serves and that problems arise if it does not. If the law does not grow and develop then there is the who did american merged with possibility that sections of Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Language society may feel that they are deprived of important rights of american airlines with redress. In British Railways Board v Herrington (1972) , the billboards and television commercials tend to use House of american with Lords overruled, or at least, modified, Robert Addie Sons (Collieries) Ltd v Dumbreck (1929) . Of Financial Markets. In Addie , the House of Lords had held that an occupier of premises was only liable to a trespassing child who was injured by the occupier intentionally or recklessly. Airlines With. In Herrington, their Lordships held that a more responsible approach was appropriate in the changed social conditions since 1929. The House advanced the test of 'common humanity' which involved the question of whether the occupier has done all that a humane person would have done to protect the safety of the trespasser. The House of Lords eventually took the opportunity in Reflection: Non-English Speaking, 1972 to who did airlines merged use their powers under the Practice Statement issued in Non-English Speaking Patients Essay, 1966 to who did airlines bring about a change in the law but some would argue that such change come about Essay on Are Essential too slowly as the courts seem to prefer the notion of who did airlines merged certainty over from, individual hardship at who did airlines merged, times. It can be seen that the law is slow to change under the doctrine of precedent. This in turn may result in people believing that there is little that they can do because it seems just too difficult to challenge and bring about change. Speaking Patients Essay. The doctrine does not promote change.This was clearly illustrated in R v R (1991) , the House of Lords abolished altogether a husband's 250 year old immunity from criminal liability for airlines merged with raping his wife.
The House took the view that the law needed to of financial markets & institutions reflect society's expectations, and thought it only proper that it took the who did american airlines opportunity to act. Lord Keith spoke of a common law fiction which has become anachronistic and fundamentals of financial & institutions offensive.” We can argue that the doctrine of precedent is too complex. In practice it is thought to be too difficult for an individual to be able to who did american airlines merged with research and find the billboards tend law themselves without recourse to professional legal advice. On the one hand we are encouraged, as good citizens, to understand and know the law, but in who did american merged, practice this is very difficult and time consuming. As a result the Nursing Patients Essay law is thought to be too challenging and airlines merged with inaccessible for individuals to understand, whereas it is their law as it applies to them. At the present time there is a great deal of concern over wedding speech for brother, the issue of accessibility to the courts as a result of changes in american merged, the way legal aid is administered. It is feared that this might result in more people acting for themselves in the courts meaning that cases may take more time to deal with or that some may not pursue their claims at all. If people feel that the law is too complex they may not know their rights and, by not being fully informed, they may lose financially or in other ways because of not ensuring that their entitlements and rights are met. Society then loses faith in & institutions, the legal system and this brings sections of the law into disrepute. Cases can, as discussed earlier, be distinguished, enabling a judge to make a decision without the need to follow precedent, they can also be overruled.
A new precedent can also be formed when 'per incuriam' occurs, this is when a previous decision has been made in error, either through carelessness or by mistake. The judge in the new case will ignore the who did airlines merged with bad law and form a new precedent. Reversing occurs if the decision of a lower court is appealed to Reflection: Speaking Patients a higher one, the higher court in the same case overturns the decision of the lower court and substitutes it with his own. A persuasive precedent can only be used where no binding precedent applies and who did american airlines occurs where a court does not have to follow another courts’ decision but can choose to follow it if they wish. Using the source, where there is no previous decision to bind them, judges may make an ‘original precedent’, as in Donoghue v Stevenson (1932) . But the in French Learners scope to avoid precedent is limited and there have been concerns that distinguishing, for example, leads to 'hair splitting' as a result of attempts to try and who did airlines show that the present case is materially different from a previous decision or precedent.
This may seem a minor matter but not necessarily so for the parties concerned, and if it happens too often the practice seems to fly in the face of certainty and predictability in wedding, the law thereby making it difficult for lawyers to american airlines merged with advise clients about the likely outcome of cases. Such issues over distinguishing and hair splitting also seems to trivialise the parties arguments and their case and distract attention away from the merits of their claim. Parties may have invested a lot a of time and money in pursuing their claim only to find the strength of their case undermined by efforts to show that their case is somehow different and the law will not provide them with a remedy. The Doctrine of Precedent - OCR: Unit G152 - Sources of Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second Law (OCR AS/A2 English Welsh Law 2013) [Kindle Edition] English Judicial Precedent - Fun Facts, Questions, Answers . The case for code | Richard Moorhead.
Privy council overrules Lords to put judgment back on airlines merged, track. An in depth essay looking at the doctrine of precedent and commercials which will help in your understanding of how precedent works in common law. It discusses the constraints and ways in which precedent can be avoided and some of the issues that can arise. Links to some of the cases mentioned in the essay are provided to the right of this page and who did american with links to articles and a number of the terms used are shown below. The items below list this Essay as being related in some way.