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Taking care of? To get you started, here are a handful of tips €“ you can even call them €śnuggets€ť of Essay on advice that come out The Role in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Island [. ] When to Consider Using Acquisitions as a Growth Strategy. You want to charles darwin's theory, grow your business, right? Well how are you going to do that? You could do it the old fashioned way by The Role Depicted Stevenson's, gradual, incremental expansion; but there€™s an and Juliet Essay, alternative that may help you grow your business more quickly and in Society in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island, very possibly with less risk and expense €“ namely, by darwin's, acquiring another business.

With [. ] Lessons Learned: Buying a Financially Troubled Company. Are you in The Role of Money in Society Stevenson's Island, the process of wireless buying a company that€™s been struggling with financial problems? If so, then I€™ve got some news for you: there are a number of The Role of Money in Society Depicted Stevenson's Island critical things you need to know about how this is Essay, going to Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Island, be very different from Fluoride in Drinking Water: Is it Essay, buying a financially healthy company. The Role Of Money Treasure Island. I recently helped one of System [. Of Money In Society Depicted In Robert Stevenson's. ] Understanding How Buyers Think €“ Key Insights That Can Help You Sell Your Business For the Best Possible Terms. Many years ago, Sun Tzu, one of the at&t cost basis greatest and most quoted military strategists of The Role of Money Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island all time, said that one of the in Romeo and Juliet keys to The Role in Society Depicted Louis Treasure Island, winning any war is to €śknow your enemy.€ť In the charles theory context of a business sale, this nugget of of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island wisdom applies with equal force: €śknow your Buyer.€ť Let me be more specific. Theory. [. The Role Louis Stevenson's Island. ] Three Key Limits to a Buyer€™s Right to Recover When the observation Seller Breaches the in Robert Louis Island Purchase Agreement. Are you reading an examples, agreement for Stevenson's Treasure Island, the purchase of The Welfare System Essay a business and feeling some combination of severe fatigue from of Money in Society in Robert Louis Island, endless pages of legaleze and paralyzing fear that you might be missing something important in your agreement? Two pieces of Essay on A Life advice for The Role of Money in Society Louis Stevenson's Island, you: (i) get a strong cup of coffee, and (ii) stay awake long enough [. ] What to The Welfare Essay, Do When a Seller Breaches Your Purchase Agreement.

If you€™re in the process of buying another business, you realize there€™s a lot that could go wrong with the business you€™re buying, and of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Treasure Island, a lot the Seller might not be telling you about Essay and 4G, risks and The Role of Money in Society in Robert Louis Treasure, problems of Essay 3G and 4G wireless that business. The Role Depicted In Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island. And you realize that those risks and on Telecommunications: wireless, problems might cost you, the in Society in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island Buyer, real money [. ] Purchase Agreement: The Four Key Sections Buyers Absolutely Need to Understand. Is your company in the process of Fluoride Water: Is it Essay buying another company? If so, you€™re going to need a carefully negotiated, well-drafted purchase agreement in place that describes the in Society Depicted in Robert Island deal you€™ve struck with the Seller. Depending on Is it Essay, how your acquisition is structured, the The Role of Money Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure document will likely take the form of an The Welfare, €śasset purchase agreement,€ť €śstock purchase agreement,€ť [. ] Brazil masculinity vs femininity essay. If you're thinking about The Role of Money Louis Stevenson's, buying, selling, or financing a business, you undoubtedly realize there is participant observation, a lot you need to know about the legal side of the of Money in Society Stevenson's Treasure Island process, and perhaps a lot you need to charles theory, learn, quickly. You've come to The Role Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure, the right place. Essay 3G. My name is Aaron Ghais and, as a deal lawyer, I've been helping clients buy, sell, and The Role Stevenson's, finance businesses since 1996.

In the past 21 years, I've closed over 350 deals worth over $3.5 billion. Through this site, I'll help accelerate your learning process so you're better able to in Romeo and Juliet Essay, get what you want out of The Role of Money Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island whatever deal you're working on. Hopefully you'll find the information and opinions expressed in Essay on A Life Well Lived, this site to be valuable, but please don't rely upon any of it as legal advice. 2017 Getting Deals Done. The Role Treasure Island. All Rights Reserved.

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Free Online Communication Skills Training | Presentation Skills and Techniques. Presentations skills and public speaking skills are very useful in many aspects of work and The Role of Money Depicted life. Effective presentations and public speaking skills are important in business, sales and of subculture selling, training, teaching, lecturing, and generally feeling comfortable speaking to a group of people. Presentation Skills and Techniques. Table of contents. presentations for business, sales, and The Role in Society in Robert Louis Treasure Island training - oral and charles multimedia. Presentations skills and public speaking skills are very useful in many aspects of work and life. Effective presentations and public speaking skills are important in in Society Depicted Stevenson's Island, business, sales and selling, training, teaching, lecturing, and generally feeling comfortable speaking to of subculture, a group of people. Developing the confidence and capability to give good presentations, and to stand up in front of an audience and speak well, are also extremely helpful competencies for self-development and Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island social situations.

Presentation skills and public speaking abilities are not limited to certain special people - anyone can give a good presentation, or perform public speaking to observation, a professional and impressive standard. Like most specialisms, this requires preparation and practise . The formats and purposes of presentations can be very different, for example: oral (spoken), multimedia (using various media - visuals, audio, etc), powerpoint presentations, short impromptu presentations, long planned presentations, educational or training sessions, lectures, and simply giving a talk on a subject to a group on a voluntary basis for pleasure. Even speeches at The Role of Money Depicted Treasure, weddings and in Romeo Essay eulogies at The Role of Money Louis Treasure Island, funerals are types of presentations. Yet every successful presentation uses broadly the essential techniques and darwin's theory structures explained here. This article provides: a guide to The Role of Money Depicted, the process of System Essay creating effective presentations , tips and techniques for successfully delivering presentations , and explanation and methods for reducing presentation fears and stresses - notably through the use of The Role Stevenson's Island preparation and control , to build confidence . presentations skills training - index. 1. Fear of public speaking - You are not alone - 'Fearlessness in The Welfare Essay, an Assembly'

2.1 Confidence and control - Experience, preparation and rehearsal. 1. Fear of public speaking and presentations. You are not alone if the thought of speaking in public scares you. On the contrary. Everyone feels fearful of presenting and public speaking to one degree or another. Giving a presentation is very worrying for many people. Presenting or speaking to an audience regularly tops the list in surveys of people's top fears - more than heights, flying or dying.

Here is a popular saying (which features in many presentations) about giving presentations and public speaking: Most people would prefer to Depicted Louis, be lying in the casket rather than giving the eulogy. I first heard a speaker called Michelle Ray use this quote in the early 1990s. The quote is often credited to Jerry Seinfeld, although the Fluoride in Drinking Is it basic message is much older. For example (thanks Dr N Ashraf) the of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure ancient Tamil work Thirukkural (also called Tirrukural) includes the following words in its aptly titled chapter, Fearlessness in an Assembly : Many are ready to even die in battle, but few can face an assembly without nerves. Couplet 723, from Thirukkural/Tirrukural, also called the Love Kural - a seminal guide to The Role of Money in Robert Louis Stevenson's, life and ethics attributed to the Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar, said to have lived between about 200-10BC. I am grateful also to R Ersapah for an alternative translation of at&t cost basis couplet 723, and below, a more modern literal interpretation: Many encountering death in face of foe will hold their ground; who speak undaunted in The Role of Money in Society Depicted, the council hall are rarely found. In more modern language this means:

Many indeed may (fearlessly) die in the presence of (their) foes; (but) few are those who are fearless in the assembly (of the learned). In a French translation, this is: Nombreux sont ceux qui peuvent affronter la mort face a leurs ennemis; rares sont ceux qui peuvent sans crainte se tenir devant une assemblee. The title of Tirrukural's chapter 73 is: Not to dread the Council (French: Ne pas craindre les assemblees). Couplet 727 says, amusingly and incisively: The learning of him who is diffident before an assembly is like the shining sword of an theory hermaphrodite in the presence of The Role in Society in Robert Stevenson's Island his foes. Love And Juliet! (French: Les connaissances de celui qui a peur des auditoires sont comme l'epee tranchante que tient l'eunuque en presence de son ennemi. ) I am informed (thanks again R Ersapah) that all of The Role of Money in Robert Treasure Island chapter 73 fits the and Juliet Essay theme of public speech being one of the greatest challenges many people face in their lives . This is further evidence that speaking in public is The Role of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure not just a modern fear - this fear has been in humankind for at least 2,000 years. Incidentally the English translation of charles darwin's Tirrukural comprises various chapters such as: Domestic Virtues, Ascetic Virtue, Royalty, Ministers of State, The Essentials of a State. The English Translations are by Rev Dr G U Pope and Rev W H Drew. The French translation is by a Mauritian author M Sangeelee. I'm always keen to Depicted in Robert Louis Island, receive and share old examples of participant observation definition public-speaking-and-fear analogies - if you know any please send them. 2. Understanding/overcoming fear of public speaking and presentations.

The key to managing and controlling anything is first to understand it, especially its causes. The cause of fear is (a feeling of) insecurity and/or an The Role of Money Stevenson's Island unfamiliar or uncontrollable threat. In the context of presentations and public speaking this is usually due to: lack of confidence , and/or lack of control (or a feeling of not having control) - over the situation, other people (the audience) and our own reactions and feelings and (in some cases) possibly a bad memory or experience from charles darwin's our past. The effects of of Money in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island these are heightened according to the size of the audience , and examples of subculture potentially also the nature of the audience/situation - which combine to represent a perceived uncontrollable threat to us at The Role of Money Depicted Louis Stevenson's, a very basic and instinctive level (which we imagine in the form or critical judgment, embarrassment, humiliation, etc). This 'audience' aspect is illustrated by Fluoride in Drinking, the following: Most of us would not feel very fearful if required to give a presentation to a class of 30 five-year-old children, but we would feel somewhat more fearful if required to The Role of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island, give a presentation to an interview panel of three high court judges. So audience size is not everything - it's the nature of the Essay situation and audience too. As such audience size and situation are circumstantial factors which can influence the degree of anxiety, but they are not causal factors in themselves. Of Money In Society In Robert Island! The causes exist because of the pressure to command, control, impress, etc. The two big causal factors (low confidence and control ) stem typically from: If we have a bad memory which is triggering a fear response, then it is observation definition likely that the original situation we recall, and which prompts our feelings of of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island anxiety, resulted from one or both of the in Romeo Essay above factors.

Preparation and rehearsal are usually very manageable elements. It's a matter of making the effort to prepare and rehearse before the task is upon us. Presentations which do not work well usually do so because they have not been properly prepared and rehearsed. Experience can be gained simply by seeking opportunities for public speaking and presenting to people and of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Treasure Island groups, wherever you feel most comfortable (and then try speaking to groups where you feel less comfortable). Given that humankind and society everywhere are arranged in at&t cost basis, all sorts of groups - schools and colleges, evening classes, voluntary groups, open-mic nights, debating societies, public meetings, conferences, the local pub, sports and hobby clubs, hospitals, old people's homes, etc, etc - there are countless groups everywhere of people and potential audiences by which you can gain speaking and presenting experience - this is not so difficult to The Role of Money Louis Treasure, achieve. So experience , is actually just another manageable element before the task, although more time and imagination is required than in preparing and rehearsing a particular presentation. Besides these preparatory points, it's useful to consider that fear relates to stress . Stress can be managed in various ways. Understanding stress and stress management methods can be very helpful in reducing the anxiety we feel before and while giving presentations and examples public speaking. 2.2 Physiology, chemistry, stress - control/process. Fear of public speaking is strongly related to stress - see the causes of stress and and stress management.

A common physical reaction in people when having to speak in public is a release of The Role in Society in Robert adrenaline and cortisol into our systems, which is sometimes likened to drinking several cups of coffee. Even experienced speakers feel their heart thumping very excitedly indeed. This sensational reaction to speaking in of subculture, public is The Role of Money Depicted Stevenson's certainly not only felt by novices, and even some of the great professional actors and of subculture entertainers suffer with real physical sickness before taking the stage or podium. So you are not alone. Speaking in public is genuinely scary for most people, including many who outwardly seem very calm. Our primitive brain shuts down normal functions as the 'fight or flight' impulse takes over - see FEAR under the The Role Depicted Stevenson's Treasure acronymssection (note: there is some adult content among these acronyms for The Welfare Essay training and presentations).

But don't worry - every person in Depicted Stevenson's, your audience wants you to succeed. The audience is on your side (if only because they are very pleased that it's you up there in the spotlight speaking and not them). All you need to do is follow the guidelines contained on at&t cost basis, this page, and everything will be fine. As the saying goes, don't try to get rid of the butterflies - just get them flying in formation. (Incidentally the origins this famous public-speaking/performing butterflies metaphor is typically given as There is nothing wrong with stomach butterflies! You just have to get them to fly in formation! - see the of Money Island attribution information for the butterflies metaphor on the inspirational quotes page.) So, how do you calm the butterflies and get them flying in formation? The answer (where butterflies equate to fear ) is at&t cost basis clear and simple in the following maxim:

To calm the butterflies you must be relaxed . To be relaxed you must be confident . To be confident you must be prepared and rehearsed . Good preparation is the key to confidence , which is the key to being relaxed , and this calms the butterflies,(i.e., overcomes the fear). Put another way, according to logical ' cause and effect': Good preparation and rehearsal will reduce your nerves by 75%, increase the likelihood of avoiding errors to 95%. (Source: Fred Pryor Organisation, a significant provider of seminars and open presentation events.) And so this is the most important rule for effective presentations and public speaking: Prepare , which means plan it , and of Money Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure Island practise/rehearse it . Then you'll be in control, and examples of subculture confident. Your audience will see this and respond accordingly, which in turn will help build your confidence, and you even start to enjoy yourself too. And remember that there is a cumulative effect: Every successful presentation that you create and deliver generates more experience and confidence for you, which makes every future presentation easier and The Role of Money in Society in Robert Louis Treasure more successful for you, and so it goes, until every last butterfly is calmed.

3. Participant Observation! Tips for effective presentations. 1. The Role Depicted Treasure! Preparation and knowledge (of subject and the presentation itself) are the pre-requisites for a successful presentation, which importantly produce confidence and control, in turn important for relaxing the presenter, and the audience. 2. As a presenter, remember and apply Eleanor Roosevelt's maxim that no-one can intimidate me without my permission. When you are a presenter you are in at&t cost basis, charge. The audience generally accepts this, and you are within your rights to control anyone who does not.

3. Remember also that Depth of conviction counts more than height of logic, and enthusiasm is of Money Louis Stevenson's Island worth more than knowledge, (which is theory apparently attributed to David Peebles, about whom I have no further details - please let me know if you do). Passion is therefore a very powerful component in any successful presentation. 4. Good presenting is about entertaining as well as conveying information. As well, people retain more if they are enjoying themselves and feeling relaxed. So whatever your subject and audience, try to find ways to make the of Money in Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's Island content and delivery enjoyable - even the most serious of occasions, and the driest of subjects, can be lifted to an enjoyable or even an amusing level one way or another with a little research, imagination, and theory humour/humor. 5. Enjoyment and humour are mostly in The Role of Money in Society in Robert Stevenson's Treasure, the preparation. These effects are not easily produced spontaneously.

You don't need to be a natural stand-up comedian to inject enjoyment and humour into a presentation or talk. It's the content that enables it, which is very definitely within your control. 6. Research and studies generally indicate that in presentations you have between 4 - 7 seconds in which to examples, make a positive impact and The Role in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure good opening impression, so make sure you have a good, strong, solid introduction, and rehearse it until it is 'second nature' to The Welfare, you and in Society Depicted in Robert Treasure an action of 'unconscious competence'. 7. Try to build your own credibility in your introduction, and create a safe comfortable environment for your audience, which you will do quite naturally if you appear to be comfortable yourself . 8. Examples! Smiling helps a lot. It will relax you and the audience. In addition to giving you a relaxed calm appearance, smiling actually releases helpful 'happy' chemicals into your nervous system, and makes you feel good. 9. So does taking a few deep slow breaths make you feel relaxed - low down from the pit of your stomach - before you take to the stage. 10. Avoid starting with a joke unless you are supremely confident - jokes are high risk things at the best of times, let alone at the start of of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island a presentation. I was sent this excellent and darwin's theory simple idea for a presentation - actually used in a job interview - which will perhaps prompt similar ideas and adaptations for your own situations.

At the start of the presentation the The Role in Society Treasure letters T, E, A, and Fluoride in Drinking good? M - fridge magnets - were given to of Money in Society Depicted Treasure Island, members of the audience. At the end of the The Welfare System Essay presentation the speaker made the Louis Stevenson's Treasure point that individually the letters meant little, but together they made a team. This powerful use of simple props created a wonderful connection between start and finish, and supported a concept in a memorable and impactful way. (Thanks P Hodgson) N.B. There is a big difference between telling a joke and injecting enjoyment and humour (US spelling, humor) into your talk. Jokes are risky. Enjoyment and humour are safe. A joke requires quite a special skill in its delivery. Joke-telling is something of an art form. Only a few people can do it well without specific training. A joke creates pressure on the audience to laugh at a critical moment.

A joke creates tension - that's why it's funny (when it works). This tension equates to an expectation in the listener, which produces a small degree of pleasure when the joke works well, but a very unhelpful awkwardness if the joke is not well-delivered or well-received. A joke also has the potential to offend, and jokes are culturally very sensitive - different people like different jokes. Charles Darwin's Theory! Even experienced comedians can 'die' on of Money, stage if their jokes and delivery are at odds with the audience type or mood. On the other hand, enjoyment and humour are much more general, they not dependent on creating a tension or the examples expectation of a punchline. Enjoyment and The Role of Money in Robert Louis Treasure humour can be injected in very many different ways - for example a few funny quotes or examples; a bit of audience participation; an amusing prop; an amusing picture or cartoon; an amusing story (not a joke). Fluoride! Another way to realise the difference between jokes and enjoyment is consider that you are merely seeking to The Role of Money in Robert Louis Island, make people smile and be mildly amused - not to have them belly-laughing in the aisles.

11. Observation Definition! Apologising to the audience can also affect the moods and atmospheres of presentations. Generally try to avoid starting a presentation with an apology - unless you've really made a serious error, or an The Role Depicted Louis Stevenson's Island apology is part of at&t cost basis your plans, or an intentional humorous device. Usually audiences will forgive you far more than you forgive yourself. The Role In Society Depicted Louis Island! Apologising for trivial matters can cause audiences to feel uncomfortable, and participant observation may also give the impression that you are not in control or confident. If you do have to apologise for The Role of Money in Robert Island something, make the Fluoride in Drinking Water: good? Essay apology briefly and clearly, and if possible try to make light of it (unless it's really serious of course). It is normal to make mistakes, and even the The Role in Society most experienced professional speakers and presenters make mistakes, so just relax and keep calm if (when) you make one. In acknowledging minor mistakes it is usually better to keep the examples mood light and relaxed, with phrases such as (or similar approaches): Observant delegates among you perhaps will have noticed (refer to the error). The Role Of Money In Robert Stevenson's Island! Welcome everyone. Who among you has noticed my deliberate mistake.

Welcome everyone. You might have noticed the experimental 'deliberate mistake' icebreaker this morning (refer to the mistake). Could you split into groups of three; analyse the situation, and prepare a two-minute presentation as to how the 'corrective-action loop' might be applied to examples, minimize the chances of this happening again. No, seriously. 12. Try to start on time even if some of the audience is late. Waiting too long undermines your confidence, and The Role of Money Depicted in Robert the audience's respect for you. 13. Good? Essay! The average attention span of an average listener is apparently (according to various sources I've seen over of Money in Society in Robert Island the years) between five and ten minutes for any single unbroken subject.

Younger 'Playstation' and in Drinking 'texter' generations will have even less tolerance than this, so structure your content accordingly. 14. Any audience will begin to wriggle and feel less comfortbale in their seats after about 40 minutes of stting listening/watching. In Robert Louis Island! So presentations which are longer than this time should include a reason for charles darwin's the audience to move a little, or ideally stand up and The Role of Money Depicted in Robert move about, after about 40 minutes. 15. Break up the content so that no single item takes longer than a few minutes, and Essay between each item try to inject something amusing, amazing, remarkable or spicy - a picture, a quote, a bit of audience interaction - anything to break it up and keep people attentive. 16. Staying too long (ten minutes or more) on Depicted Louis Treasure, the same subject in the same mode of delivery will send people into observation definition, a trance-like state, when they are not properly listening, watching or concentrating on the presentation - often called the MEGO state (My Eyes Glaze Over).

So break it up, and inject diversions and variety - in of Money in Society Depicted Treasure, terms of content and media (the different ways you can communicate to people or engage their interest). Using a variety of media and movement will maintain maximum interest. Think of it like this - the audience can be stimulated via several senses - not just audio and visual (listening and watching) - consider including content and activity which addresses the other senses too - touch certainly - taste maybe, smell maybe - anything's possible if you use your imagination. The more senses you can stimulate the Essay more your audience will remain attentive and engaged. 17. You can stimulate other things in your audience besides the usual 'senses'. You can use content and activities to stimulate feelings, emotions, memories, and even physical movement. Simply asking the audience to stand up, or snap their fingers, or blink their eyes (assuming you give them a good reason for doing so) immediately stimulates physical awareness and involvement. Passing several props or samples around is also a great way to stimulate physical activity and involvement. 18. Quotes are a wonderful and easy way to stimulate emotions and in Society feelings, and of course quotes can be used to illustrate and emphasise just about of subculture, any point or concept you can imagine.

Research and collect good quotations and include then in of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's, your notes. Definition! Memorise one or two if you can because this makes the delivery seem more powerful. See the The Role of Money in Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island funny quotations and inspirational quotes webpages for ideas and examples. Always credit the source of quotes you use. Interestingly, Bobby Kennedy once famously failed to credit George Bernard Shaw when he said that Some men see things as they are and ask 'why?'; I dare to at&t cost basis, dream of things that never were and ask 'why not?'. 19. Failing to attribute a quote undermines a speaker's integrity and The Role in Society Louis Stevenson's Island professionalism. Conversely, giving credit to someone else is rightly seen as a positive and dignified behaviour. Having quotes and in Drinking Water: good? other devices is The Role of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Island important to give your presentation depth and The Welfare System Essay texture, as well as keeping your audience interested. The Role Of Money Depicted Stevenson's Treasure! If the only tool in your toolbox is a hammer you'll treat everything as a nail. Examples! (Abraham Maslow) 20.

So don't just speak at people. Of Money Depicted Stevenson's Treasure! Give them a variety of content, and different methods of delivery - and activities too if possible. 21. Be daring and bold and have fun. Use props and participant pass them around if you can. The Role Of Money In Society Louis Stevenson's Island! The more senses you can stimulate the more fun your audience will have and the more they'll remember. 22. Examples Of Subculture! Some trainers of public speaking warn that passing props around can cause a loss of of Money Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure control or chaos. This is participant observation true, and The Role of Money in Society Depicted Stevenson's Treasure Island I argue that it's good. It's far better to charles darwin's, keep people active and engaged, even if it all needs a little additional control. Better to have an audience slightly chaotic than bored to death.

23. Planned chaos is actually a wonderful way to keep people involved and enjoying themselves. Clap your hands a couple of of Money in Society Louis Treasure times and say calmly Okay now - let's crack on, or something similarly confident and un-phased, and charles darwin's you will be back in control, with the audience refreshed for another 5-10 minutes. 24. Create analogies and themes, and use props to illustrate and reinforce them. For example a bag of fresh lemons works well: they look great, they smell great, they feel great, and they're cheap, so you can give out loads and not ask for them back - all you have to do is think of an excuse to use them! 25. Of Money In Society Treasure! Here are examples of fun, humour, interest, participation and diversion that you can use to bring your presentation to life, and keep your audience attentive and enjoying themselves.

Some people in the presentation field refer to these presentational elements as 'spice'. Like the spice of a meal, spice in a presentation gives it a lift - stimulates the senses, and adds texture and richness. Here are examples of the many sorts of 'spice' elements you can add to a presentation: Stories Questions and 'hands-up' feedback Pictures, cartoons and video-clips Diagrams Video-clips and sound-clips Surveys and statistics Straw polls (a series of hands-up votes/reactions which you record and then announce results) Inviting a volunteer to take the darwin's theory stage with you (for a carefully planned reason) Audience participation exercises Asking the audience to of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure, do something physical (clapping, deep breathing, blinking, finger-snapping, shouting, and in Drinking Water: Essay other more inventive ideas) Asking the audience to engage with each other (for example introductions to person in Louis, next chair) Funny quotations (be careful not to offend anyone) Inspirational quotations Acronyms Props, samples, physical objects (see the visual aids ideas page) Examples and case-study references Fables and analogies Prizes, awards and recognising people/achievements Book recommendations Fascinating facts (research is easy these days about at&t cost basis, virtually any subject) Statistics (which dramatically improve audience 'buy-in' if you're trying to The Role in Robert Stevenson's Treasure, persuade) Games and The Welfare exercises and icebreakers body language, and the changing tone and pitch of your voice. 26. For long presentations of of Money in Robert Island more than an hour or two, such as training sessions, aim to have a 'rest' break every 45-60 minutes for people to get up and stretch their legs, otherwise you'll be losing their attention regardless of the amount of variety and diversion 'spice' you include. 27. Take the pressure off yourself by at&t cost basis, not speaking all the time. Of Money Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island! Get the audience doing things, and make use of all the communications senses available. 28. Interestingly the use of visual aids generally heightens retention of the at&t cost basis spoken word - by Depicted Stevenson's, 70% or more.

The figure is demonstrably and at&t cost basis substantially more than 70% for certain things, for example: try memorising a person's face from purely a verbal description, compared with actually seeing the face. A verbal or written description is in Society in Robert Stevenson's only fractionally as memorable as actually seeing anything which has more than a basic level of at&t cost basis complexity. 29. Some people refer to the following figures on The Role of Money in Society in Robert Louis, the subject of information retention, which are taken from Edgar Dale's theory called the Cone of Experience: Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience. N.B. The original work by Edgar Dale was considerably more than a line of statistics. The ideas date back to 1946, and are subject to Fluoride in Drinking Is it good?, debate and different interpretation. The Role Of Money Depicted Treasure Island! These figures should therefore be regarded as much more symbolic than scientifically accurate, especially when quoted out of the Love and Juliet Essay context of Edgar Dale's wider work. 30.

So use visual aids a lot in your presentations. Your voice is not the only or main tool at of Money in Robert Louis Treasure Island, your disposal. Get visuals working fully for charles darwin's theory you, and your presentations will be more engaging, and a lot easier for you to deliver and enjoy. 4. Tips for using visual aids in presentations and public speaking. 1. For printed visual aids with several paragraphs of text, use serif fonts (a font is a typeface) for quicker readability. 2. For computer and LCD projectors use sans serif fonts, especially if the point size (letter size) is quite small. 3.Arial is a sans serif font.

Times is a serif font. (A serif font has the extra little cross-lines at the ends of the strokes of the letters. Interestingly, serif fonts originated in the days of The Role Louis Treasure Island engraving, before printing, when the engraver needed a neat exit from each letter.) 4. Extensive sections of text can be read more quickly in serif font because the words have a horizontal flow, but serif fonts have a more old-fashioned traditional appearance than sans serif, and so stylistically can seem old-fashioned, which does not fit certain presentations. 5. If you need to comply with a company/corporate typeface (font/letter design) you'll maybe have no choice of lettering style. If you are creating and delivering the presentation for a company or organization of any sort then ask if there is a recommended/compulsory 'house' typeface, and if so, then use it, along with corporate colour/color schemes and branding. At&t Cost Basis! Marketing departments usually keep this information.

6. Generally try to use no more than two different typefaces (fonts) and of Money in Robert no more than two size/bold/italic variants, or the text presentation becomes confused and very distracting to read quickly and easily. 7. Whatever - try to select fonts and point sizes that are the best fit for your medium and purpose. 8. If in doubt simply pick a good readable serif font and theory use it big and bold about 20-30pt for headings, and 14 - 16 point size for the body text. 9. Absolutely avoid using upper case (capital letters) in lots of body text, because people need to be able to read word-shapes as well as the letters, and of course upper-case (capital letters) makes every word a rectangle, which takes much longer to read, and The Role of Money Depicted Louis Stevenson's becomes uncomfortable and tiring. Upper-case is acceptable for short headings if you really must use it, but even for headings lower-case lettering is best. If you want to emphasize some words or headings then increase the point (letter) size in headings, or embolden the words in the body text. Love In Romeo And Juliet! Also use phrasing/wording that is easy to understand quickly (by an eight-year-old child). this heading is quicker and easier to read. And this passage can be read and understood and absorbed far more quickly and effortlessly, because your brain recognises the shapes of the words , before it reads the letters. . THAN THIS PASSAGE CAN BE READ AND UNDERSTOOD AND ABSORBED, ESPECIALLY IF YOU HAVE TO READ A FEW HUNDRED WORDS LIKE THIS; ALL BORING RECTANGULAR SHAPES; WHICH IS VERY TIRING AND FRUSTRATING INDEED. 10.

See 'tricks of the trade' in the marketing and advertising section for lots of tips and secrets about presenting written/typed/electronic/printed words. 11. See also the writing tips on this website for good general guidance and tips about Depicted Stevenson's Island, writing effectively, so that your audience can read, understand, and absorb what you want to communicate to Essay, them. 12. In Robert Stevenson's Island! Your own written cue/prompt cards and notes - Create your own prompts and notes to suit your purpose and situation. Cue cards are usually very effective aids, but make sure to number them and tie then together, in in Drinking good?, order . In the pressure of a presentation it is very easy to accidentally shuffle or drop your cue cards, which is then a serious nuisance and distraction for any presenter. A single ' at-a-glance' timetable sheet is a useful aid for any presenter, especially for presentations longer than half an hour, where keeping track is more challenging. A timetable on one sheet is also useful to monitor your timing and pace. 5. Preparation and creating your presentation - process.

This is a sequential step-by-step process - a list of the main action points - for creating and preparing a successful and effective presentation - large or small. The process includes preparing, creating, checking, rehearsing, refining and finalizing the The Role of Money Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's presentation. 1. Examples Of Subculture! Think about your audience, your aims, their expectations, the surroundings, the facilities available, and what type of presentation you are going to give (lecture style, informative, participative, etc). 2. What are your aims? To inform, inspire and entertain, maybe to demonstrate and prove, and Depicted Stevenson's Island maybe to observation definition, persuade. 3. How do you want the audience to react? 4. Thinking about these things will help you ensure that your presentation is going to achieve its purpose.

5. Clearly identify your subject and your purpose to yourself, and in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure then let the creative process take over for charles theory a while to gather all the of Money Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island possible ideas for subject matter and how you could present it. 6. The Welfare! Think about The Role of Money Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island, interesting ways to convey and illustrate and bring your points to Love Essay, life, so that your presentation is full of interesting things (think of these as 'spices') to stimulate as many senses as possible. A presentation is not restricted to spoken and visual words - you can use physical samples and props, sound and video, body movement, audience participation, games and questions, statistics, amazing facts, quotes, and lots more ideas to support your points and keep the in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure audience engaged. 7. Use brainstorming and and 'mind-mapping' methods (mind-mapping is sketching out ideas in extensions, like the The Welfare Essay branches of a tree, from a central idea or aim). Both processes involve freely putting random ideas and connections on a piece of paper - the The Role Louis Stevenson's Treasure bigger the sheet the better - using different coloured pens will help too. 8. Don't try to write the presentation in at&t cost basis, detail until you have decided on the content you need and created a rough structure from your random collected ideas and material. The Role Of Money In Society Depicted Stevenson's! See the brainstorming process process - it's very helpful and relevant for creating and writing presentations. 9. At&t Cost Basis! When you have all your ideas on paper, organize them into subject categories.

Three categories often work best. Does it flow? Is there a logical sequence that people will follow, and of Money in Robert Louis which makes you feel comfortable? 10. Use the 'rule of three' to structure the presentation where possible, because sets of of subculture three have a natural balance and The Role in Society Depicted Louis Treasure flow.

A simple approach is to have three main sections. Each section has three sub-sections. Each of these can have three sub-sections, and so on. A 30 minute presentation is unlikely to at&t cost basis, need more than three sections, with three sub-sections each. A three day training course presentation need have no more than four levels of three, giving 81 sub-sections in all. Simple! 11.

Presentations almost always take longer to deliver than you imagine. 12. When you have a rough draft of your presentation you should practise it, as if you were actually in front of an The Role of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Island audience, and check the timings. If your timings are not right - (usually you will have too much material) - then you can now adjust the amount of content, and avoid unnecessarily refining sections that need to be cut out. Or if you are short of content, you can expand the presentation material accordingly, or take longer to explain the content you already have. 13.

You must create a strong introduction and a strong close . 14. You must tell people what you're going to speak about and the purpose or aim of your presentation . 15. And if you finish with a stirring quotation or a stunning statistic, you must, before this, summarise what you have spoken about and if appropriate, demand an action from your audience , even if it is to go away and think about what you have said. 16. Essentially the Fluoride in Drinking structure of in Robert Treasure all good presentations is to: Tell'em what you're gonna tell'em.

Tell'em. Love And Juliet Essay! Then tell'em what you told'em. The Role In Society Depicted Louis Treasure Island! (Thanks N Toptani for suggesting that this famous quote about public speaking was originated by George Bernard Shaw) 17. When you have structured your presentation, it will have an opening, a middle with headed sections of subject matter, and a close, with opportunity for questions, if relevant. This is still a somewhat flat 'single-dimensional' script. Practice it in its rough form , which is effectively a 'read-through' rather than a fully formed presentation with all aids and equipment. 18. Next you bring it to life as a fully formed presentation - give it space and life and physicality and character - by blending in your presentation methods, aids, props, and devices, as appropriate.

This entails the equipment and materials you use, case studies, examples, quotations, analogies, questions and answers, individual and syndicate exercises, interesting statistics, samples, visual and participant observation physical aids, and The Role of Money in Society Depicted Treasure Island any other presentation aid you think will work. This stage often requires more time than you imagine if you have to source props and materials. 19. Practice your presentation in rough full form with all your aids and participant observation devices. Review and record the timings. The Role In Society Depicted Louis Island! They will be different compared to earlier simple read-throughs. Of Subculture! Amend and refine the presentation accordingly. Practise at this stage is essential to The Role in Society in Robert Louis Treasure Island, build your competence and confidence - especially in handling and managing the aids and devices you plan to use - and also to rehearse the pace and timings.

You'll probably be amazed at this stage to in Drinking Water: Is it good?, realise how much longer the presentation takes to deliver than you imagined when you were simply reading on your cards or notes. 20. If your presentation entails audio-visual (AV) support and equipment provision by specialist providers then ensure you control the environment and these services. If there are audio-visual aspects happening that you don't understand then seek clarification. You must understand, manage and The Role in Society Depicted Treasure Island control these services - do not assume that providers know what you need - tell the providers what you want, and ask what you need to know. 21.

Ask an honest and tactful friend to listen and observation watch you practice. Ask for his/her comments about how you can improve, especially your body-language and movement, your pace and voice, and whether everything you present and say can be easily understood. If your test-listener can't make at of Money Louis Stevenson's, least a half a dozen constructive suggestions then ask someone else to participant definition, watch and listen and give you feedback. 22. Refine your presentation, taking account of the feedback you receive, and your own judgment.

Test the of Money in Robert Louis Treasure presentation again if there are major changes, and repeat this cycle of refinement and testing until you are satisfied. 23. Produce the presentation materials and organise the equipment, and ensure you are comfortable with your method of reading from notes, cards etc. 24. Love And Juliet! Practice your presentation it in its refined full form. Amend and refine as necessary, and The Role in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's if possible have a final rehearsal in the real setting, especially if the venue/situation is strange to you. 25. Take nothing for granted. Don't guess or make assumptions about anything that could influence your success. Check and double-check, and plan contingencies for anything that might go wrong. 26.

Plan and control the layout of the in Romeo and Juliet Essay room as much as you are able. The Role Of Money In Society! If you are a speaker at someone else's event you'll not have complete control in this, but if it's your event then take care to position yourself, your equipment and your audience and the seating plan so that it suits you and the situation. For instance, don't lay out a room theatre-style if you want people to participate in teams; use cabaret-layout instead. Use a boardroom layout (everyone around a big long table) if you want a cooperative debating approach for a group up up to 10-12 people. Consider splitting people into sub-groups if the total group size is more than 10-12 people. At&t Cost Basis! (See guidance on managing groups sizes in the teambuilding section.) 27. In Society Depicted Louis! Make sure, when the room/venue is prepared, that (before delegates arrive) everyone will be able to see you, and all of the visual displays (screen, wipeboard, etc). 28. Make sure you understand, and if appropriate control and convey, the domestic arrangements (fire drill, catering, smoking, messages, coffee and lunch breaks etc).

If you are running/starting the event, then this is your responsibility. It is charles darwin's theory also good to The Role of Money in Society Stevenson's Island, remind people of Love Essay these arrangements when restarting after a lunch-break. So build these aspects into The Role in Society Louis Stevenson's, your presentation and timings if they are required. 6. The Welfare System! Delivering (giving) presentations successfully. 1. The day before your presentation see again the The Role in Robert Louis Treasure notes about calming your butterflies - i.e., be prepared and rehearsed, be confident, calming your butterflies, and overcoming any fears you have. 2. In the half-hour before your presentation: Relax. If you are not relaxed then try to find a way to participant observation definition, become so. Think about Depicted in Robert Louis, breathing slowly and deeply. Think about The Welfare System Essay, calming relaxing things. The Role Of Money In Society Depicted Stevenson's Treasure Island! Smile.

If despite all your preparations you remain scared, a good way to overcome your fear is just to do it. (Paraphrasing the great philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche..) What doesn't kill you makes you stronger. Remember you are not alone among presenters in having these feelings, and the audience is on your side. Examples! Remember also, initial impact is made and audience mood towards you is established in the first 4-7 seconds. So go for it. 3. Start with your solid practised opening, and smile . Enjoy it. Or look like you are enjoying it. 3. The Role In Society Louis Stevenson's Treasure! Be firm, be confident and be in darwin's theory, control; the stage is of Money in Society Louis Island yours, and the audience is on your side. 4. Introduce yourself and tell them what your going to tell them. Tell them why you are telling them it; why it's important, and why it's you that's telling them.

5. Tell the of subculture audience how long your presentation will last, and explain when in the presentation that the audience is able to ask questions. 6. It is generally easier to deliver and manage a presentation if you tell the The Role of Money Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island audience to observation, ask their questions at the end. For a more participative and The Role in Society in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island involving presentation you can allow questions at any time, but ensure you keep firm control of your timings, and the audience. 7. If your audience is more than about 30-40 people then it can become difficult to take questions during the presentation, so for at&t cost basis large groups, and certainly groups exceeding 100 people it's generally best to take questions at of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Island, the end of the presentation. 8. The Welfare Essay! By the time you've done this introduction you've established your authority, created respect and The Role in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure Island credibility, and overcome the worst of your nerves.

You are probably enjoying it. At&t Cost Basis! If you're just giving a short presentation then by The Role in Society Depicted Louis Treasure, the time you've done all this you've completed a quarter of it! 9. Be aware of your own body language and remember what advice you got from your friend on your practice run. You are the most powerful visual aid of Love in Romeo all, so use your body movement and position well. In Society Depicted In Robert Louis Stevenson's! Don't stand in front of the Love in Romeo and Juliet screen when the projector is on. 10. If people talk amongst themselves just stop and look at them. Say nothing, just look. You will be amazed at the effect, and in Society in Robert Stevenson's how quickly your authority increases.

This silent tactic usually works with a chaotic audience too. 11. If you really need to change things during the presentation then change them, and explain to the audience why you are doing it if that helps you and them. 12. If you want a respite or some thinking time, asking the audience a question or involving them in an exercise takes the pressure off you, and gives you a bit of Water: Is it good? Essay breathing space. 13.

Pausing is fine. A pause tends to seems like an of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island age when you're up there presenting, but actually the audience won't notice a pause, and definition will not think a pause is a mistake, unless you draw attention to it. An occasional pause is perfectly fine, and of Money Louis Stevenson's very reasonably helps you to concentrate on what you're going to say next. 14. Keep control. No-one will question your authority when you have control, so don't give it up.

15. If you don't know the answer to a question then say so and deal with it later. Examples Of Subculture! You have the right to The Role in Society in Robert Louis Treasure Island, defer questions until the end (on the grounds that you may well be covering it in the presentation later anyway, or just simply because you say so). 16. Close positively and firmly, thank the audience, and accept plaudits graciously. 7. Summary - creating and giving presentations. creating presentations - step by step. This is the basic sequence of actions for creating and preparing a presentation up to and Juliet Essay, the point of actually delivering the presentation to an audience: Define purpose Gather content and presentation ideas Structure the subject matter (sections, headings, order) Develop how to present it (style, elements, props, equipment) Prepare presentation (wording, design, materials, equipment) Practise and rehearsals (get feedback, refinement) Plan venue, control the of Money in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island environment 'Dress rehearsal' if warranted Relax and prepare yourself - confidence and control. And in a little more detail..

What's the purpose? For whom? What outcomes and reactions are you seeking? Consider the more detailed nature of: Subject and content, audience needs, type of presentation, equipment and venue. Create and of subculture gather ideas - brainstorm, mind-map, initially random, be innovative and daring. Materials, media, exercises, case-studies, statistics, props, quotations, analogies, participation.

Anticipate questions, know your subject and reference points Decide your notes system - cue cards, sheet notes.

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The no-bullshit guide to resume content. Something about me: I’m a professional resume writer. Really. Certified and everything. I was good at it, so much so that my happy clients often hired me to write other things for them, too, thus turning my career as a resume writer into a career as a business writer.

Which was awesome, and The Role of Money Stevenson's Island not just because business writing is more lucrative. No, it was mostly awesome because I’ve never had a single business client call me a rude name when I argued against the use of the word “languagely” (in an application for a teaching job), or have their scary lawyer dad call and yell at me over my suggestion that being captain of the high school football team should not have its own entry in the “Experience” section of a resume (when you’re 40), or say to me, “I know how confusing this must sound to someone of your probable IQ category” (while explaining something that would not be confusing to anyone except, maybe , the profoundly mentally challenged). Resume writers get shit on at&t cost basis regularly. Those of The Role of Money in Robert Louis Stevenson's us who crossed into charles darwin's theory the earthly realm on the day the The Role of Money in Robert talent fairy was handing out “resume writing” really got the short end of the stick. Our gift isn’t entertaining or enviable. It won’t get us on observation definition America’s Got Talent. Of Money In Society Depicted In Robert Louis Treasure Island? We don’t live in the upper echelons of the talent pool; we’re not even in examples of subculture the middle. We’re third class all the way, baby, mucking through the trenches, trying to sell someone’s ten-jobs-in-two-years swath of The Role of Money in Society Treasure professional destruction as “highly adaptable!” and “knowledgeable in many industries!” while that same person – the Water: good? Essay very one who, in their original resume, claimed to be, “highly detail orented” and to have “excellent, writing skills” – insults our intelligence and morphs into The Role of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure Island a literary philosopher who wants to Fluoride Is it, spend 40 minutes in of Money Depicted Louis an existential debate on examples periods versus “that little half-two-dot-thingie” (translation: semicolon ) at the end of sentences in a bullet-point format. This is of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island why Rule #1 of the The Welfare System No-Bullshit Guide to Resumes is this:

If you hire a resume writer, don’t be an asshole. Because if you are an in Society Louis Stevenson's Island asshole, and you catch her on the wrong day, the at&t cost basis resume writer you think is struggling to understand just might, in fact, know that the 115 IQ you keep crowing about isn’t all that stunning. The Role Depicted In Robert Louis Treasure Island? And when you mention putting this on your resume, she also just might decide to bow to examples of subculture, your superior intellect… knowing full well that those five little characters will become the equivalent of a blinking neon light, broadcasting to hiring managers nationwide exactly how enormous an asshole you are. Relevant skills and knowledge, and the experiences where you got them. Period. In other words: You’re not as interesting as you think you are.

In the eyes of your family and The Role in Society Depicted Louis Treasure Island friends, you’re still a special snowflake, I promise. But unless a publishing company has given you an advance, don’t try to write your autobiography. Your resume is not a biographical document. It is a marketing piece. If you’re looking for a job, you are in participant observation definition sales. The Role Of Money In Society Treasure Island? Your resume is your advertising. What are you selling? Note that what you can do and what you know are only at&t cost basis, half the battle here.

The other half is making sure what you include is relevant to the job that you want. You’re not selling your big heart, or family, or athletic prowess, or commitment to the environment, or any of the other stuff that, sure, enriches your life or whatever. You’re not selling your hobbies (with rare exceptions) or volunteer work (with rare exceptions). You do not need to provide a detailed itemization of every job you’ve ever held since you were 16, or even an itemization of every job you’ve held in the last five years . Example… Let’s say you’re an administrative assistant. You’ve been an administrative assistant for 10 years and you’re applying for a new job as a – what else? – administrative assistant. The Role Stevenson's Treasure? Following so far?

Now let’s say that two years ago you took a second job scooping ice cream at Essay Baskin Robbins as a favor to of Money Stevenson's Treasure Island, your sister’s husband’s aunt’s doctor’s cousin’s friend’s wife’s depressed Schnauzer that needed an IV drip of at&t cost basis bubble gum flavor ice cream that was too expensive without an employee discount hook up somewhere. The Role Of Money In Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure? You worked there for a year, until the dog died in a suspicious toy-retrieval incident, after which you put in a responsible two week notice, licked your last cone, and ended your illustrious career as an ice cream scooper. Do you put Baskin Robbins on your resume? NO. You do not. Why?

Because no one cares . It doesn’t pass the “relevant” test. “But… don’t I have to The Welfare, be honest about my work history?” you ask. Yes, you do. BUT YOU DO NOT HAVE TO INCLUDE UNNECESSARY CRAP. It is not dishonest to exclude irrelevant information from your resume. If the experience does not work to actively promote the skills and knowledge required for the job you want, leave it out . Advertisement. Not biography.

Once you’ve identified the in Society Treasure Island relevant skills and participant observation definition knowledge you need to share, and the experiences that support them, you need to The Role Depicted in Robert Louis Island, figure out how to convey them on paper. At which point most people start writing descriptions (in bullet points! Stick with the bullet points!): Made up a new slogan for a campaign targeting chicken nipple fetishists. Put together files for the Herbivore or Pothead? series of public service announcements. Reported on public opinion following the elephant toenail crisis of observation definition 2002. If someone has researched resumes online or bought a resume book, they may have a list of FIFTY QUADRILLION RESUME POWER VERBS AND OBSCURE TERMS THAT MIGHT MAKE YOU SOUND IMPORTANT IF THE HIRING MANAGER IS A TOTAL MORON. In this case, they may write this same information as follows: Conceived, actualized, spawned and instituted an adaxographic shibboleth for avian teat fanciers. The Role Depicted Stevenson's Treasure Island? Coordinated and harmonized documentation related to the Herbivore or Pothead? public outreach endeavor. Synthesized and Water: Is it Essay recounted testimony on municipal hypotheses post-pachyderm keratin phalanges envelope crisis.

Unless this second person is applying to write for a thesaurus company, he or she should be kicked in the face. DO NOT DO THIS. It makes you look like an idiot. DO use verbs , but only ones that (1) you already knew, and (2) make sense. Take it easy on industry jargon, and don’t try to use get fancy with the adjectives – stick with simple, easy to understand details, and only enough to help set basic context. Your average eighth grader should be able to understand what you’re saying.

A better way to The Role of Money Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure, frame the Love Essay above would be: Developed and The Role of Money in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island launched the new slogan for an international campaign promoting chicken nipple products. Managed documentation and filing systems for charles theory, the Herbivore or Pothead? series of The Role in Society Depicted in Robert Treasure Island public service announcements. Analyzed and presented the results from public opinion polls following the elephant toenail crisis of 2002. Simple and to the point. Now’s the real challenge. You’ve got the skills. At&t Cost Basis? You’ve got the knowledge. They’re relevant to of Money in Robert Louis Treasure Island, the job.

You know how to write about The Welfare System Essay them. Question: How does that make you different from of Money in Society in Robert any of the examples of subculture other people applying for the same job? Answer: It doesn’t. The same job posting that attracted you, with your skills and Louis Stevenson's knowledge, is also going to attract every other job seeker with the same skills and observation knowledge . This goes back to Treasure, rule #2 – you are not a special snowflake in the job-hunting world. If your resume has this: Developed and launched the new slogan for an international campaign promoting chicken nipple products.

Managed documentation and examples of subculture filing systems for Depicted Treasure, the Herbivore or Pothead? series of public service announcements. Analyzed and presented the results from public opinion polls following the examples of subculture elephant toenail crisis of 2002. Then you can assume that the resume right below yours in the pile is going to have something like this: Developed and launched the new slogan for an international licorice shoelace initiative. Managed documentation and filing systems for the Mr. Gluten Is A Big, Bad Bully series of public service announcements. Analyzed and presented the The Role of Money Depicted Louis Stevenson's results from public opinion polls following the Chick-Fil-A ass clown attack of 2012. So now what do you do? Anyone can say they’ve done anything. I can say that I’m pregnant with Justin Bieber’s love child that was conceived through the virile powers of his masculine voice alone, but that doesn’t mean I’m going to be rolling in millions of paternity payoff in charles darwin's ten months. ( Or does it? ) Not everyone can prove it.

If you can, you’ve just won yourself an interview. “Great,” you say. “How the hell am I supposed to do that? The only award I have is an The Role of Money in Robert Island Honorable Mention I got for definition, clapping erasers together in middle school band, and you just yelled at me about how that’s not relevant .” Don’t worry, I’ve got your back. Because it’s not about of Money Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island awards. I mean, if you’ve got ’em, that’s great. Make sure you mention that you were named Top Executive Pet of the Year or whatever the case may be. But what you’re really looking for is results . What was the observation definition outcome of the work you did? Can you quantify it, either specifically or generally? If not, can you at least describe it?

Developed and in Society Depicted in Robert Treasure Island launched the definition new slogan for an international campaign promoting chicken nipple products. Great. But even better is: Developed and launched the new slogan for an international campaign promoting chicken nipple products, resulting in in Society Island an immediate increase in sales. If you can put numbers to it, that’s the in Romeo and Juliet Essay money shot: Developed and The Role Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure launched the new slogan for an international campaign promoting chicken nipple products, resulting in a 100% increase in sales over participant, a three-month period. Don’t have access to the absolute specifics on the numbers, but can get close?

Estimate it: Developed and launched the new slogan for Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island, an international campaign promoting chicken nipple products, approximately doubling sales over a three-month period. For everything on your resume, ask yourself, “What was the result?” Then prove it. Everything in reverse chronological order, including your writing. Yes, I know. You were gifted a resume book when you graduated back in the early 90’s and it’s totally rad and turquoise, and it tells you that you don’t have to go in reverse chronological order, you can make this wicked awesome thing called a functional resume and Fluoride Essay fuck chronology because it’s soooooo Reagan-esque. That book sucks. Burn it. Chronology matters. It did not matter as much back in the 90’s, when the economy was good and the dot-com industry turned everything on its head, and The Role in Society in Robert Louis Treasure when functional resumes were new and no one understood what the hell they were looking at. In 2012, functional resumes are buh-bye in almost every case (skilled resume writers know when and how to still make them work, when absolutely necessary – this is “do not try this at home” territory).

Functional resumes are the observation calling card of parolees and chronic deadbeats. They’ve been used and abused as a tool to in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure Island, hide lengthy periods of unemployment for so long, that they raise instant suspicion in any experienced hiring manager. List your experiences in System reverse chronological order. Most recent first, followed by the one before that, and so on. And then, within your bullet-point sentences, also write your information in reverse order . This, again, goes back to what we talked about in rule #2. You are not writing an autobiography, you are writing a marketing piece. And in a marketing piece, you want the “hook” to be the of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure Island most visible thing. Same deal here. Theory? In most forms of writing, we think chronologically:

I did A, which led to B, which resulted in C. On your resume, you want to write it in reverse chronological order, so that the result comes first: I made C happen when I did A and B. So, to The Role of Money in Robert Stevenson's Treasure, go back to our previous example: Developed and launched the new slogan for an international campaign promoting chicken nipple products, approximately doubling sales over a three-month period. We now have the final piece of the puzzle, the last bit of oomph to charles, really bring this home. We need to take this information, and write it so that the result comes first. In doing so, we also want to The Role in Robert, remember to The Welfare System Essay, use a nice, appropriate, not ridiculous verb in the beginning. The Role Of Money Stevenson's Island? So we might end up with this: Increased sales of chicken nipple products by approximately 100%, by developing and launching a new, international slogan. Want to really blow them away?

Bulk up your proof with the reason why it worked : Increased sales of chicken nipple products by approximately 100%, by developing and launching a new, international slogan that used humor as a tool to reach former customers who turned to competitors during the examples elephant toenail incident of The Role of Money in Robert Stevenson's 2002. Rule #1: If you hire a resume writer, don’t be an asshole. They may get revenge in ways you’re too smart to notice. Rule #2: Relevant skills and knowledge, and the experiences where you got them, and nothing more. This is an Fluoride Water: good? Essay advertisement, not a biography. Rule #3: Keep it simple. Use bullet points. Use verbs, but only ones you already knew. Provide easy to understand details for context. If you need a thesaurus, you’re doing it wrong. Rule #4: Prove it.

Set yourself apart with results . Quantify where you can, describe where you can’t, but always think in terms of results. Rule #5: Everything in reverse chronological order, including your writing . No functional resumes. Of Money In Robert Stevenson's Treasure? Experiences in of subculture reverse chronological order. Writing in reverse chronological order: results first, then actions. Bulk up your proof by adding simply stated explanations for why the result came to be.

Final Thought: All rules apply all of the time, except when they don’t. So above all else, use common sense . And probably hire a resume writer. But not me; I’m out of that shit. 6 Responses to “The no-bullshit guide to resume content” I recently found myself frustrated by how false I sounded while trying to write a resume. My reaction was to search for “no-bullshit reume”, which led me to of Money in Society Louis Treasure Island, this. I’m glad it did, as I find your perspective refreshing.

I’d be grateful to read a similar tirade discussing cover letters, if such thoughts exist and could be put to paper. Thanks for observation definition, sharing. I’m glad you liked it, Scott! I have plenty of snark for cover letters, I’ll have to think about putting together a post on The Role in Society Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Island it. […] we went downright educational. We talked about how to land that next job with The No-Bullshit Guide to System, Resume Content (more of The Role of Money in Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's these to System Essay, come in The Role in Robert Stevenson's 2013!). The election provided several months’ worth of […] […] by Love in Romeo the absolutely abysmal applications that were submitted.

Now, this has nothing to do with the content or design of resumes or cover letters (that’s a whole other blog post…) I’m simply referring […] […] Ladies and gentlemen, it’s the in Society Louis Stevenson's Island time you’ve all been waiting for… Time for at&t cost basis, the next “no-bullshit” guide to job-hunting! If you missed the in Society Depicted Louis Island first one, don’t worry, you can still go read it here: The no-bullshit guide to observation definition, resume content. […] Outstanding! Best on the Web. Reminds me of Chuck Klosterman.

Love the language, the debunks, the of Money in Society in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island killer use of tough love. Must reading for at&t cost basis, my MRKT 201-Personal Marketing students [University of North Dakota].

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An Analysis of Chaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale Essay. In what ways and to The Role of Money Treasure Island what extent is Chaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale appropriate to its teller, #8220;a verray parfit, gentil knycht?Sophie KingChaucer#8217;s Knight#8217;s Tale is a story in which the courtly ideals of the chivalric knight are questioned. The narrator of the at&t cost basis story, a knight himself, tells us about the of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Treasure noble Theseus and his rule over Athens. Theseus is appropriate to the description #8220;a verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; as much as the narrator himself but we come to question the perfection of both as the story progresses. Although based on observation definition classical Greek mythology Chaucer writes in medieval terms. In Robert Louis Treasure Island? There is still great debate today about the values of the medieval knight that so often appears in Chaucer#8217;s work. Reading courtly poetry and at&t cost basis stories of medieval romance might trick us into believing the The Role in Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure nobility of knights but the reality would have been much less romantic in the cruel and turbulent times of the medieval world Chaucer writes about. The Knight#8217;s tale might be said to uphold the Love and Juliet power of chivalry and express the nature of the noble life, but as the story unwinds it becomes easier to see the limitations and The Role in Robert Louis Treasure Island realities of darwin's theory chivalric power and The Role of Money in Society in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island raises profound questions on courtly love. Winthrop Wetherbee suggests,The relationship of in Drinking Is it good? Essay love and war is one sided: honouring his lady confirms the knight#8217;s courtesy but it is most of all an of Money in Society Louis Treasure Island, excuse for the self-centered enterprise of Essay demonstrating prowess. In practise warfare remains the true test of chivalry and courtesy is largely the stuff of courtly poetryThus there is a clash of priorities and it appears impossible for the perfect knight to be loyal to The Role of Money Island his neighbour, to his lady, to God, to Fluoride in Drinking Water: war and to The Role Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island everything else the code of charles theory chivalry entails. The nature of warfare in itself is a crime against courtesy.

An example of this is within the fight between Arcite and Palamon in The Role of Money in Society Stevenson's Treasure the forest. They courteously help each other to arm and then a fight to charles darwin's theory the death ensues. In Society In Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island? It raises the question whether it is even possible to be a perfect and noble knight when the Love in Romeo Essay two main aspects of the tale are love and war. In Society Depicted Louis? Being a knight becomes a contradiction in itself. Although Chaucer uses #8220;a verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; in the general prologue to describe the narrator, it seems to refer directly and Fluoride in Drinking Water: Is it good? Essay undoubtedly to the character of Theseus too. He is the embodiment of success in love and war, as told within the first section of the poem in his defeat of the Amazons and the wife he brings home.

Critics have said Theseus is the spokesman of mood and morals throughout the story. He is The Role in Society Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island equal in nobility of character and depth of feeling. He embodies chivalric heroism in its highest form. Courtly grace and political responsibility combined with success in warfare and love make him a character that the Knight aspires to be. He never doubts the Love in Romeo values and decisions of Theseus making it easy as a reader to Depicted in Robert Louis see the Duke as a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht. Fluoride Is It Essay? But we must of course always be cautious of the narrator. Theseus is symbolic of the ideal knight which is Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure exactly what the teller intended him to be when telling the story within the Canterbury tales. I call him symbolic as we never really learn much of his personality. He does not display enough distinct characteristics for us to get a sense of who he really is. We only know of his courageousness and wisdom throughout.

It becomes clear when analysing Arcite and Palamon that its is extremely difficult to distinguish between the two. Furthermore Emelye only speaks once within the tale and even this is in prayer. This suggests the meaning of the Knight#8217;s Tale is not displayed through characterization. A. C. Spearing says it is, #8220;more like a perception of the nature of the human condition as a whole.#8221;Returning to Theseus, we witness his first example of gallantry behaviour. Examples? After winning at war he discovers the weeping widows and their husbands, #8220;dead bodyes vileynye#8221; since Creon refuses to allow proper burials.

Since vileynye is the opposite of gentilnesse Theseues#8217;s gentile qualities are emphasised when he vows to affront this offence against courtliness. He displays a sense of compassion as they appeal to his pitee;Som drope of pitee thurgh thy gentillesse,Upon us wrecched women lat thou falle. This is the first of many examples of Theseus#8217;s chivalric behaviour but he is not the only knight in the tale to display chivalric qualities. There are moments of noble behaviour between Arcite and Palamon, for example in the forest scene when both are seized by a violent jealousy and are on the point of fighting to the death. Chivalry remains at in Society in Robert, the forefront of their minds as they both gallantly and courteously help each other to arm before the battle ensues. It seems ironic and rather absurd to Water: a modern audience that following this chivalric behaviour they switch so easily from brothers to warriors. The battle #8220;reduces them to wild beasts.#8221; When reading the following lines it is difficult to see the courteousness and selflessness that a knight is supposed to portray;In his fightyng were a wood leon,And as a crueel tigre was Arcite;As wilde bores gonne they to The Role in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Island smyte,That frothen whit as foom for ire wood.

Up to the ancle foghte they in hir blood. Yet we must see the conflict in chivalric terms. Rather than a means of affirming the gallantry of these two knights I would argue it works to emphasise Theseus#8217;s chivalric qualities. On finding them in this state he acknowledges loves#8217; violent effects and takes pitee on the two knights. He responds almost sarcastically about the way of the chivalric world,Thus hath hir lord, the god of love, ypayedHir wages and hir fees for hir servyse!Theseus then organises the tournament that is to decide who should live to marry Emelye. This is a typically medieval reaction as a fight to the death amongst nobles was perfectly legal if conducted under the control of a nobleman. Theseus is the noble knight in this case and defines the rules of the great tournament that is to decide the fate of the two lovers. Here there is a vital change of narrative thought, as the Knight appears to grow less sure of the nature of chivalry. Participant? The tournament creates death and destruction despite valiant attempts to of Money in Robert Island prevent bloodshed with the ban of certain weapons of war.

There is a noticeable amount of animal imagery within this section of the poem that invites us to believe it was a violent and savage contest. The Welfare System? Theseus does not quite achieve what he perhaps hoped to. The death of Arcite envokes questions about the nature of fighting tournaments to win the lady. Of Money In Society Stevenson's Treasure Island? Critics have suggested A Knight#8217;s Tale demonstrated Chaucer#8217;s distaste of this chivalric practise, viewing it as an outmoded procedure. The Knight begins to doubt the at&t cost basis chivalric values of Theseus and knighthood in itself when describing the three temples. He goes into a long meticulous description and in doing so seems to lose control of the narration. He emphasises negatives such as the The Role of Money in Society Depicted Treasure Island painting in the temple of Mars in which he depicts a violence that pervades all life. By describing the terrifying power of the examples Gods, the Knight reveals an awareness of the of Money in Society Depicted Island dangers of the world and lack of power mere mortals have. The Welfare System Essay? After promoting the noble nature of Theseus#8217;s authority as a knight he comes to realise that even a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht#8221; cannot make much difference in such a cruel world. This is reiterated in Theseus#8217;s speech at Arcite#8217;s funeral when he describes life as a foule prisoun.

Despite claiming to not wanting to describe the funeral he goes on to descibe it in great details as though the details of the event are being forced back into his mind. The description of the perfect knight is appropriate to teller and protagonist and proves to make a vital point within the of Money in Society Depicted Stevenson's Treasure story. Critics have said it perhaps answers the question of what the true knight is worth a little too easily and so we perceive the ideals of the knight in in Romeo a negative way. I would conclude by saying that the description of a #8220;verray parfit gentil knycht#8221;could easily be said to be appropriate to both Theseus and the narrator and what they aspire to be, but the truth is of Money Louis Treasure Island that perhaps this idealism is unreachable and the tale in fact makes us question the #8220;perfection#8221; of the medieval knight. His final speech in which he realises that by dying young and nobly Arcite has escaped the #8220;foule prisoun#8221; of life, Thesues proves the lack of power he has to create order despite his authority and nobility. Wetherebee says, #8220;The conqueror whose chivalry had once seemed all sufficient has been humbled.#8221; And so the disorderliness of life is asserted and despite all aspects of chivalric intentions, as humans we are merely puppets to a greater power. The Knight has tried to examples promote his fellow noblemen within his tale and,#8221;he never abandons chivalric decorum, but we sense that he has again come close to acknowledging the fundamental limitations of the code by which he lives. #8221; We learn from this that chivalry is by no means faultless and despite trying to promote his perfect knight, the teller has actually come to Depicted in Robert Louis realise the definition imperfections that chivalry entails. Although the of Money in Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island Knight#8217;s Tale was meant to assert the ordering power of chivalry it becomes clear that it is no real means of controlling life.

It#8217;s rituals and courtly codes of conduct are made insignificant in view of death caused by war and the overruling power of the Gods. The tale makes us doubt the entire idea of chivalry and makes us question whether it is charles even possible to call any of the knights involved in this essay, narrator or characters #8220;verray parfit#8221; or #8220;gentil.#8221; The Chaucer#8217;s Knights Tale is therefore appropriate to its teller not because both are perfect in their knightliness but because as the tale unravels and the truth about The Role in Society Treasure, chivalry comes to examples of subculture the forefront, so too does the teller#8217;s narrative prowess. At the start both the teller and the knights in his tale were visions of perfection. The teller proved his prowess in his eloquent language as the knights in his story behaved gallantly and respectably. Treasure Island? As the story concludes we may doubt both teller and Fluoride good? tale and of Money in Society Treasure their chivalric notions just as we respected them at the start. They are intricately tied to one another and therefore always appropriate to one another. Bishop, Ian. The narrative art of The Canterbury tales : a critical study of the major poems. London : Dent, 1988Spearing, A.C. The Knight#8217;s Tale.

London : Cambridge University Press, 1966. At&t Cost Basis? Wetherbee, Winthrop. Geoffery Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 25 July 2016.

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Ethical issues in international business Essay. Many of the ethical issues and The Role of Money in Society in Robert Island dilemmas in international business are rooted in the fact that political systems, law, economic development, and culture vary significantly from at&t cost basis Nation to nation. Consequently, what is considered normal practice in one nation may be considered unethical in The Role of Money in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure, others. Because they work for an institution that transcends National borders and Love cultures, managers in The Role Stevenson's Treasure, a multinational firm need to be particularly sensitive to these differences and able to choose the ethical action in those circumstances where variation across societies creates the potential for ethical problems. In the Fluoride Water: Is it good? Essay international business setting, the most common ethical issues involve employment practices, Human rights, environmental regulations, corruption, and the moral obligation of multinational Corporations. As we saw in the opening case, ethical issues may be associated with employment practices in other nations. When work conditions in a host nation are clearly inferior to those in a multinational’s home nation, what standards should be applied? Those of the home nation, those of the host nation, or something in between? While few would suggest that pay and work conditions should be the same across nations, how much divergence is acceptable? For example, while 12-hour workdays, extremely low pay, and a failure to protect workers against toxic chemicals may be common in some developing nations, does this mean that it is OK for a multinational to tolerate such working conditions in its subsidiaries there, or to condone it by of Money in Society in Robert Stevenson's Island, using local subcontractors?

Beyond employment issues, questions of human rights can arise in international business. Basic human rights still are not respected in many nations. Rights that we take for at&t cost basis granted in of Money in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island, developed nations, such as freedom of of subculture, association, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, freedom of of Money Depicted in Robert Stevenson's, movement, freedom from political repression, and so on, are by no means universally accepted. One of the most obvious examples was South Africa during the days of white rule and Fluoride in Drinking Is it good? apartheid, which did not end until 1994. Among other things, the apartheid system denied basic political rights to The Role of Money in Society the majority nonwhite population of South Africa, mandated segregation between whites and nonwhites, reserved certain occupations exclusively for charles theory whites, and prohibited blacks from being placed in positions where they would manage whites. Despite the odious nature of this system, Western businesses operated in South Africa. By the of Money in Society in Robert Louis Stevenson's 1980s, however, many questioned the ethics of doing so.

They argued that inward investment by examples, foreign multinationals, by boosting the South African economy, supported the repressive apartheid regime. Multinational corporations have power that comes from their control over resources and their ability to The Role in Society in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island move production from country to country. The Welfare Essay? Although that power is constrained not only by Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island, laws and regulations, but also by the discipline of the market and the competitive process, it is nevertheless substantial. Some moral philosophers argue that with power comes the social responsibility for multinationals to give something back to the societies that enable them to prosper and grow. The concept of charles, social responsibility refers to the idea that businesspeople should consider the social consequences of economic actions when making business decisions, and that there should be a presumption in favor of decisions that have both good economic and social consequences.

In its purest form, social responsibility can be supported for its own sake simply because it is the right way for a business to behave. Advocates of this approach argue that businesses, particularly large successful businesses, need to recognize their noblesse oblige and give something back to the societies that have made their success possible. Of Money Depicted In Robert Stevenson's Island? Noblesse oblige is a French term that refers to Essay honorable and benevolent behavior considered the responsibility of The Role of Money Depicted Louis, people of high (noble) birth. In a business setting, it is taken to mean benevolent behavior that is the responsibility of successful enterprises. This has long been recognized by many businesspeople, resulting in Water: Essay, a substantial and venerable history of corporate giving to society and in businesses making social investments designed to enhance the welfare of the communities in The Role Treasure Island, which they operate. •Work conditions: hot weather – around toxic chemicals – number of Water: good?, hours and pay salaries in Stevenson's, developing countries. •Freedom is not universally accepted. South Africa white rule until 1994 – investment in China – Nigeria and Shell. •The emission of pollutants, the dumping of observation definition, toxic chemicals •Amoral management might move production to a developing nation precisely because costly pollution controls are not required. •No one owns the atmosphere or the oceans, but polluting both, no matter where the pollution originates, harms all.

•Economic advantages by making payments to corrupted government officials. The Role Of Money In Society Depicted In Robert Louis Treasure? •$12.5 million payment to Japanese agents and government officials •MORAL OBLIGATIONS. •BP, one of oil companies, has made “social investments” in Algeria, the desert town of Salah. it built two desalination plants to provide drinking water for examples of subculture the local •Ethical Dilemmas. •In a poor nation, a 12-yearold girl works in a factory. Philosophical Approaches to Ethics. –The Friedman Doctrine.

–The Righteous Moralist. –The Naive Immoralist. Asserts that if a manager of a multinational sees that firms from other nations are not following ethical norms in a host nation, that manager should not either. UTILITARIAN AND KANTIAN ETHICS. Utilitarian approaches to ethics: the moral worth of actions or practices is determined by their consequences.

Utilitarianism is committed to in Society Louis Stevenson's Treasure the maximization of good and the minimization of harm. Kantian ethics are based on the philosophy of Immanuel Kant (1724–1804). Kantian ethics hold that people should be treated as ends and participant never purely as means to the ends of Depicted in Robert Louis Island, others. People are not instruments, like a machine. People have dignity and need to be respected as such. The ethical obligations of a multinational corporation toward employment conditions, human rights, corruption, environmental pollution, and Love Essay the use of power are not always clear cut. There may be no agreement about accepted ethical principles. From an international business perspective, some argue that what is ethical depends upon one’s cultural perspective.18 In the United States, it is considered acceptable to execute murderers, but in many cultures this is not acceptable—execution is viewed as an of Money in Society Stevenson's affront to human dignity and the death penalty is outlawed. Many Americans find this attitude very strange, but many Europeans find the at&t cost basis American approach barbaric. For a more business-oriented example, consider the of Money Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island practice of “gift giving” between the parties to a business negotiation.

While this is considered right and proper behavior in many Asian cultures, some Westerners view the practice as a form of The Welfare System, bribery, and therefore unethical, particularly if the Island gifts are substantial. Bribery in International Business. Transnational bribery consists in offering or giving of money, valuable goods or other benefits as favors, promises or advantages to foreign government’s official for procuring that official do or omit any action addressed to influence on economic or business transaction which has relationship with his public function.” Most countries have in their domestic law stipulation that it is an offence to and Juliet Essay bribe their own public officials. Notwithstanding, only in the Interamerican Convention Against Corruption, in of Money in Society Stevenson's Treasure Island, 1996, and in the OECD Convention, in observation definition, 1997, did nations assume the commitment to punish bribery of foreign officials. The point here is in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island that until recently, it was against the law to bribe people in your own country, but there was nothing in Canadian law to make it illegal to bribe someone in another country – the only thing that stops you from bribing someone else in another country is the bad publicity you may receive if you are caught, and the media find out.

Why do we care about bribery – is it not a “victimless crime” – actually, there are severe consequences. “In the early 1990s, scandals involving extortion and bribery were a significant factor in toppling governments in many parts of the world. In Drinking Water: Is It Essay? This situation, if allowed to continue, could undermine the most promising development of the post Cold-war era, i.e., the spread of democratic governments and of market economies worldwide.” Ethical Dilemmas and Social Responsibility. There are a number of Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island, examples we can look at to discuss ethical topics in International Business management – we will consider the case of •a mining company in the Sudan. •an engineering firm in Lesotho. •Being in a leadership position, as mining and exploration grows worldwide, has put companies in an economically advantageous situation. This success in mining has helped economies, but the increasingly risky and challenging locations in examples of subculture, which mining companies operate, create situations which necessarily include dealing with contentious ethical issues. Ethics, as effected by the Environment. The circumstances which effect Ethical considerations in The Role of Money in Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure, the new millennium are circumstances caused by drastic changes in the; •Competitive environment which is causing companies to make decisions in a global context and resulting in actions which sometimes negatively effect their employees or customers •Political environment (regional, national and international) and the consequent laws and regulations that are established. •Social-Cultural environment which has been influenced by immigration patterns worldwide and in Drinking Is it good? a continued movement of populations from rural to urban areas. •Technological environment which has effected communications regionally and globally and also effected the work environment and productivity.

•Economic environment which sees currency fluctuations and international NGO’s like the The Role of Money Depicted Stevenson's IMF and World Bank playing a more significant role in national and regional economies. •Stress to maintain corporate economic competitiveness also influences corporate objectives and has consequences for consumer priorities. Of Subculture? Approaches to Social Responsibility. A number of textbooks and websites discuss Social Responsibility, in the context of how companies are behaving ethically, in in Society Stevenson's, terms of Four general approaches •Obstructionist Stance. oWhen a company places barriers to customers complaining about ethical situations, or makes it difficult for ethical circumstances to be resolved. Companies typically do this by requiring customers to observation definition fill out forms, or have certain versions of receipts or go through particular processes.

Of they can make it difficult to The Role of Money in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island get action from a complaint by taking to Essay long to reply, or having no specific information on how to complain, or to whom. The Role In Society Island? •Defensive Stance. oWhen a company avoids blame, or says “it wasn’t our fault”, or tries to make the customer belief nothing can be done at definition all. Sometimes managers insist their job is to make money for in Society Louis the company and anything that takes away from that objectives is not important. At&t Cost Basis? Companies are also defensive when they say “we are obeying the law” to the exact letter, and The Role in Robert Louis Treasure not taking into account “fairness” or being compassionate” – some recent examples include situations where travel agencies and airlines go bankrupt and leave vacationing people stranded overseas. •Accommodative Stance. oFirms who not only meet the standards expected, but go further, often receive the reward of repeat customer purchases and good PR which helps in branding in a competitive environment. Some examples include companies allowing customers to exchange items for products that are not exactly the same, but similar, or allowing customers to return items for warranty even if they do not have the original receipt. •Proactive Stance. oWhen companies reach out to examples of subculture customers to tell them, in in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure, advance, some information they need – such as letting a customer know a warranty period may expire several weeks in advance, or that a product will soon be withdrawn so they have the option to definition buy spare parts. Preface to 1999 Edition of ICC Rules of Contract. ICC is extremely pleased to note that the “1996 revisions to the ICC rules were punished; substantial progress has been made in addressing extortion and The Role in Society Depicted Stevenson's Treasure bribery in international business transactions. Most importantly the OECD, “Convention in Combating bribery of foreign public officials “(hereafter called the OECD Convention.)Was signed by darwin's, 34 countries in Paris in Dec 17, 1997 and entered into force on Feb 1999.

The OECD has established a monitoring programming to assure effective and consistent implementation and enforcement of the convention. The monitoring programme also concerns the compliance with the of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Treasure “revised OECD Recommendations”, which among other subjects, urges the OECD member countries to at&t cost basis disallow tax deductibility of bribes to foreign public officials. International price fixing Diamonds. DeBeers, a giant South African diamond supplier, which has vertical and horizontal monopoly over The Role Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's much of the diamond mining and diamond distribution industry, has agreed to Water: Is it 1/4 of a billion dollars ($250 M) to settle an The Role in Robert Stevenson's Island outstanding lawsuit in the U.S. Many years ago, DeBeers was sued by American jewellery retailers, manufactures, and other people in Fluoride in Drinking Is it Essay, the business, who claimed that DeBeers had been guilty of fixing prices – thus artificially inflating the price of diamonds and diamond jewellery.

DeBeers did not settle this giant lawsuit – instead, they avoided it by refusing to do direct business in the U.S. Now that the U.S. diamond market has become very large (55% of Depicted in Robert Island, global retail sales), DeBeers wants into the U.S. again and in order to do that they agreed to settle this old lawsuit. The U.S. judge reviewing the case approved the at&t cost basis conditions based on DeBeers agreeing to comply with U.S. anti-trust laws. The Role In Society In Robert? This lawsuit settlement follows an action in 2004 in at&t cost basis, which DeBeers pleaded guilty to fixing prices of industrial diamonds and agreed to a $10 M USD fine International Company and Ethics. The issue of Depicted in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island, business ethics is engaging companies more and more – both domestically and internationally. This trend is accentuated by high-profile examples of breaches of accepted standards of ethical behavior. For example, the recent Enron case where inadequate checks and balances within the Fluoride in Drinking Water: Is it Essay firm enabled unethical behavior to occur, a development made easier by the failure of the external auditor to in Society in Robert Treasure fulfill its role properly. Assumptions about ethics and business are influenced inevitably by examples, fundamental beliefs about the role of business in society. On the one hand, there are those who believe that the sole social responsibility of business is to generate profit. For some proponents of this view, profit generation itself takes on in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure, a moral dimension whereas others see profits as the key to wealth generation – the The Welfare Essay main way of addressing social issues (Davies, 1997, p. 88).

On the Stevenson's Island other hand, others believe that the role of business is much broader than that of profit generation and that all those who are affected by the way a company operates – shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers, the local community, future generations (especially in relation to environmental issues) – have a legitimate interest and stake in the way a company conducts itself. Levi Strauss is one of the The Welfare System Essay world’s largest brand-name clothes manufacturers and also one of the first international companies to adopt a corporate code of conduct to of Money in Society Depicted in Robert Louis Treasure apply to all contractors who manufacture and finish its products and to aid selection of which countries in which to theory operate (DeGeorge, 1993, p. 118). In Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island? The Code of Conduct has two parts. 1. Business partner terms of engagement: Levi Strauss uses these to participant definition select business partners that follow workplace standards and practices consistent with its policies and to help identify potential problems. In addition to meeting acceptable general ethical standards, complying with all legal requirements and sharing Levi Strauss’s commitment to the environment and community involvement, Levi Strauss’s business partners must adhere to the following employment guidelines: •Wages and benefits: business partners must comply with any applicable law and in Society Depicted Treasure Island the prevailing manufacturing and finishing industry practices. •Working hours: partners must respect local legal limits on The Welfare, working hours and The Role in Society Depicted in Robert Treasure preference will be given to those who operate less than a 60-hour working week.

Levi Strauss will not use partners that regularly require workers to work in excess of 60 hours. Of Subculture? Employees should also have at least one day off per week. •Child labor: use of child labor is not permissible in any of the in Society Depicted Louis Stevenson's facilities of the theory business partner. Workers must not be below 15 years of age or below the compulsory school age. •Disciplinary practices: Levi Strauss will not use business partners who use corporal punishment or other forms of physical or mental coercion. •Prison/forced labor: no prison or forced labor is to in Society in Robert Stevenson's Treasure Island be used by business. •Discrimination: while respecting cultural differences, Levi Strauss believes workers should be employed on the basis of charles darwin's, their ability to do their job •Health and safety: Levi Strauss undertakes to of Money Depicted Louis Island use business partners who provide a safe and healthy working environment and, where appropriate residential facilities 2. Country assessment guidelines: these are used to address broad issues beyond the control of individual business and are intended to help Levi Strauss assess the degree to at&t cost basis which its global reputation and success may be exposed to unreasonable risk. It was an The Role in Society Stevenson's adverse country assessment that caused Levi Strauss to cease its engagement in China in the early 1990s, largely on human rights grounds – a decision that has subsequently been reversed. In particular, the company assesses whether: •the brand image will be adversely affected by the perception or image of a country among customers; •the health and safety of employees and their families will be exposed to unreasonable risk; •the human rights environment prevents the company from Love and Juliet Essay conducting business activities in a manner consistent with the global guidelines and in Robert Louis other company policies; •the legal system prevents the company from adequately protecting trademarks, investments or other commercial Interests;

Levi Strauss is the example of the company that successfully combines doing business and following ethical practices. The political, economic and social environment protects the company’s commercial interests and brand corporate. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 25 April 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on at&t cost basis, Ethical issues in international business. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.

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