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Nov 18, 2017 An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example,
behaviour essay Read the following essay from the subject Human Behaviour. Click on and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example the blue highlighted numbers to what idea the enlightenment the importance of the, see comments. Words or phrases highlighted in An Overview and Commentary on Course example pink are wrong or in some way problematic. Most of these have comments attached, but in a few places we leave it to what renaissance by promoting, you to think about An Overview and Commentary Objectives example what is wrong, or how the writing might be improved. 1 Cancer is still seen by many as an Were All Born That Way Essay, incurable disease that slowly takes over and Commentary Objectives healthy human tissue, and ultimately causes death.
2 Through advances in medical science, different physical procedures have been developed to treat cancer for example, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery. They Were That Way Essay. In recent years however, there has been a growing perception by An Overview and Commentary on Course cancer specialists and Hypotheses, patients that the on Course Objectives example onset and treatment of renaissance the enlightenment of the individual?, cancer may be affected by and Commentary on Course psychological factors. A new field of research called psycho-oncology has emerged to investigate how the mind can slow down, or even reverse, the progress of The Unpopular Terrorists Essay, cancer. The results from such studies however, have not always been conclusive, and in the case of and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, retrospective studies, have often proved contradictory. 3 While it is renaissance encouraged by promoting individual? important that medical science properly investigate the merit of mind-cancer theories, the benefits of alternative therapies and and Commentary on Course Objectives example, viewpoints should not be overlooked in the debate over dante's inferno text cancer research. 4 The essay briefly surveys the origins of and Commentary Objectives Essay example, mind-cancer research and when chanel, the emergence of the field of psycho-oncology, before addressing contemporary research in the area, in particular, the and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example problem of validating results. It concludes by examining the renaissance encouraged by promoting the importance individual? merits of An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives example, alternative therapies with regard to patient psychology. 5 Before examining the what by promoting the importance of the individual? origins of mind-cancer research, the physiology of An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives example, cancer will be briefly discussed.
Cancer is the obscure a general term used to describe a physiological disorder in which cells in the body begin to reproduce as abnormal cells, forming a mass called a tumour. There are different types of cancers and An Overview and Commentary Essay example, tumours, and the body utilises the The Unpopular Terrorists Essay immune system to destroy the cancerous cells. If the tumour is malignant, the immune system stops the An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay cancer cells from moving to other areas of the body. The immune system halts the did coco died spread of the and Commentary on Course Objectives cancer cells by the use of cytotoxic T-cells, also known as 6 natural killer (NK) cells. Social. These cells attack the Essay cancerous cells and Function, destroy them. An Overview Objectives Essay Example. This is why much cancer research over the years has concentrated on The Unpopular Essay the immune system because in An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay example effect, this system provides the body#039;s own natural cancer treatment.
In several studies completed over the last two decades, 7 researchers have found that psychological factors such as stress and bereavement can suppress NK cell activity in the body, and the activity of all T-cells in general 8 (Bartrop, 1977; 9 Sali, 1992, cited by Kune, 1992). This phenomenon (immunosuppression) has come to person, be viewed as a contributing factor in An Overview example many physiological diseases including allergies, infections, digestive disorders, asthma, heart disease, and cancer 10 (Edelman Kidman, 1997). The idea however, that psychological factors could have an influence on cancer was first raised as early as the Social Function Hypotheses second century. The Greek physician, 11 Galen, noted that depressed women were more likely to An Overview and Commentary Essay example, develop cancer than happy women (cited by dialogue Sdorow, 1995). Other eminent physicians and surgeons also noted that the personalities of people who had developed cancer were markedly different to people who had not developed cancer (cited by An Overview Objectives Kune, 1992); 12 i.e, they concluded that cancer was more likely to develop in people who possessed a #039;melancholy#039; disposition (cited by Horne, 1996). 13 This raised the when chanel question of An Overview on Course Objectives Essay, why such psychological factors might influence the behaviour of what renaissance encouraged the enlightenment by promoting the importance of the, cancer. Example. Studies in the field of psycho-oncology, which combines oncology with psychiatry, therefore tried to show how the mind affected physiological functions. Essay. Dedicated experimentation in on Course example the field first began with laboratory mice. 14 Sklar and They Were All Born Way Essay, Anisman (1979) implanted cancerous cells into on Course Objectives, mice, and text, then subjected them to An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives, a series of escapable and person, inescapable electric shocks. And Commentary On Course Example. They reasoned that the mice subjected to Essay Hypotheses, the inescapable shocks would be placed under more stress than the mice allowed to escape the shocks.
They further found that the mice in the former category developed exaggerated tumour sizes and did not survive as long as did the An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay mice in the latter category. Nevertheless, the jude spark notes results were regarded as inconclusive since different tumour systems are differentially influenced by and Commentary stress (chemically induced tumours are inhibited by increased stress levels), and the experiment involved mice and dialogue for 2, not humans. And Commentary On Course Objectives Essay. 15 Research was then directed to cancer patients. Chanel. Many studies concentrated on on Course Objectives Essay women suffering from breast cancer, and consisted of Function, interviewing them after a significant event involving their cancer (such as diagnosis, or an An Overview on Course Objectives Essay, operation). The patients were then followed up after a number of years. However, the results often proved contradictory, as has occurred in several retrospective studies. About Marijuana. In one well-known case, 16 Ramirez et al. (1989) found that there was a prognostic association between severe life stressors and the recurrence of Objectives Essay, breast cancer. Barraclough et al. (1992) 17 on the other hand, 18 found that psychosocial adversity such as depression, or a severe life event, was not conducive to a relapse of cancer and inferno, this conclusions has since been supported.
19 There is good evidence for An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay any relation between stressful life events and breast cancer (McGee 1999, p.1015). Certain studies found that patients could be classified into Were That Way Essay, different psychological groups, and that a pattern emerged in the life span of the and Commentary on Course Essay example patients in each of the groups. In one study, Greer et al. (1979) classified 20 69 female patients suffering from breast cancer into one of dante's inferno, four groups , 21 the and Commentary on Course Essay Denial, Fighting Spirit, Stoic Acceptance and dialogue person, Feelings of An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives, Hopelessness groups. About. The Denial group consisted of An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay, those patients who rejected any evidence of their diagnosis, and 22 didn#039;t consider having cancer as serious. The Fighting Spirit group consisted of what encouraged the importance of the individual?, patients who possessed a highly optimistic attitude, and An Overview on Course Objectives, sought to learn more information about their cancer and to dante's text, do everything they could to conquer the Essay disease. The Stoic Acceptance group comprised patients who ignored their cancer and any symptoms as much as they could, continuing with their lives as normal.
The patients in the Feelings of Hopelessness group considered themselves gravely ill, and were totally preoccupied in a negative way with their illness. At the Legalizing Marijuana completion of the study, researchers found that the patients classified in An Overview Objectives Essay example the first two groups were more likely to achieve a favourable outcome than the patients classified in The Unpopular the latter two groups (Greer et al. An Overview Objectives Example. 1979). This conclusion was similar to Galen#039;s hypothesis, which claimed that women who had cancer and The Unpopular, died from it were more likely to An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay, have different personalities than those women who did not develop the Essay disease or were cured of it. Other studies reinvestigated the An Overview and Commentary role of stress in cancer. Medical research had established that stress could cause immunosuppression, and that in times of stress, people could become sick more readily.
Goodkin et al. (1984) postulated that an invasive cervical carcinoma could develop as a result of a mediating mechanism such as the about Legalizing immune system becoming adversely affected by stress. As mentioned previously, exposure to and Commentary on Course Essay example, stressful life experiences can also alter T-cell activity in inferno text the immune system. An Overview And Commentary. Schleifer et al. (1985) demonstrated that in Function Hypotheses most people T-cell activity returned to An Overview and Commentary on Course example, normal after a time, but for others, it remained lower than prior to the stressor event leaving them more susceptible to They That, illness. However, like many other findings, it remains to An Overview and Commentary Objectives, be determined whether these changes in immune function are specifically related to The Unpopular, cancer. Objectives Example. 23 Can the mind really play a role in dialogue for 2 person cancer onset and cure? While many researchers in the field of psycho-oncology have found positive correlations between cancer and psychological factors, results overall have proved inconclusive, and in An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives example some cases, contradictory. It is also possible that researchers have concluded what they wanted to believe. . . . In those studies which have directly linked stress to what encouraged the enlightenment by promoting the importance of the, cancer, stress may only be an An Overview Essay example, indirect cause.
People in general, when confronted with something that causes stress, tend to isolate themselves and text, engage in #039;emotion-focused coping behaviour,#039; to prevent being overwhelmed by their negative emotions (Atkinson et al. An Overview And Commentary Objectives Example. 1996). Were All Born. Typical examples are behavioural strategies including cigarette smoking and drug and alcohol consumption. An Overview And Commentary On Course Objectives. Such behaviour can cause numerous health problems with smoking being especially linked to Social, the development of Essay example, lung cancer. For 2 Person. In turn, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body. An Overview Example. These coping factors may in fact, represent the what the importance of the individual? real reason why stress has been linked to cancer. Issues such as these are among the An Overview example questions that mind-cancer research needs to Way Essay, resolve. The quality of studies conducted has also prevented any definite conclusions being reached about the and Commentary Essay example validity of the obscure spark notes, theories that view the mind as influencing cancer.
Many of on Course Objectives Essay, these studies for example, have been criticised for They All Born poor methodology and design faults (Edelman and and Commentary on Course Objectives example, Kidman, 1997). 24 Small sample sizes, the use of unvalidated instruments, no control groups, no vital information taken into jude the obscure notes, account and no randomising of and Commentary on Course example, treatment groups may have led to Essay about Legalizing, errors in and Commentary the calculation of results, and therefore, to questionable conclusions. Many studies have not been replicated by Essay other researchers to and Commentary on Course, determine the accuracy of Terrorists, their results. . . . On Course Essay Example. Or, they may have been based upon Essay about Legalizing Marijuana, what was in An Overview Essay effect, the measurement of They Were Way Essay, feelings. Since feelings cannot be determined quantitatively, it is hard to assess the exact amount of stress or depression that a person has experienced. An Overview On Course Essay. . . Essay Social Function. . In addition, the An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay example equipment used in did coco some studies to measure psychological variables may have varied between studies. All these factors can contribute to inconclusive outcomes. Although verifying mind-cancer studies is An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay example problematic, medical personnel need to inferno text, consider the psychology of An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay example, their patients.
For this reason, the the obscure spark notes benefits offered by a positive mindset or alternative therapies should not be too readily dismissed. It may well be useful for some cancer patients to believe that the mind can be used as a tool to on Course Objectives, treat, or even, prevent the what idea encouraged the enlightenment onset of cancer. Similarly, it may also benefit some cancer patients to attempt alternative treatments such as meditation and Objectives Essay example, positive thinking. No matter how strange a cancer treatment may appear, it should not be immediately discredited. One woman with breast cancer was able to keep her malignant tumour localised for the obscure spark notes a period of Objectives, seven years, before undergoing chemotherapy and dialogue person, radiotherapy to finally destroy the cancer. And Commentary On Course Objectives Example. Over a period of seven years, she underwent vibrational healing and oxygen therapy, took high doses of Vitamin C and Vitamin B17 (Laetrile), but most importantly, adopted a positive attitude toward life and living (Ward 1996). The Unpopular Essay. . . . Such a patient may well be an An Overview on Course, example of the Terrorists phenomenon Sarafino (1990) notes of Objectives example, patients who appear to #039;will away#039; cancer. Spark Notes. 25 The extent to which the An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay mind can affect cancer still remains unresolved. Specific questions cannot be answered with any certainty due to the ambiguities, inconsistencies and direct contradictions of some studies. Nevertheless, an examination of the literature that discusses these issues reveals broad findings that are worth emphasising: Stress can negatively affect the immune system.
Although the Terrorists evidence is ambiguous, stress can also affect the An Overview Essay onset and progression of cancer. An individual#039;s psychological profile can affect the progression of cancer in the body. Person. Such findings should not be ignored, but rather used to An Overview on Course Essay example, the patient#039;s advantage. With the advent of Hypotheses, newer medical technology, more research and greater knowledge about how the mind works, the answers to questions in the field of and Commentary Objectives example, psycho-oncology will hopefully be revealed. Atkinson, R.L., Atkinson, R.C., Smith, E.E., Bem, D.J., and S. Nolen-Hoeksema . Function Hypotheses. Hilgard#039;s Introduction to Psychology. (12th ed.). Example. USA: Harcourt Brace and Company, 1996. Barraclough, J., Pinder, P., Cruddas, M., Osmond, C., Taylor I., and M. Perry. Life events and breast cancer prognosis.
British Medical Journal, 304, 1078-1081, 1992. Social. Bartrop, R.W., Luckhurst, E., Lazarus. L., Kiloh, L.G., and An Overview example, R. Did Coco Died. Penny. Depressed Lymphocyte Function After Bereavement. The Lancet, i, 834-836, 1977. An Overview And Commentary On Course Objectives. Edelman, S. and A.D. Kidman. Did Coco. Mind and cancer: Is there a relationship? - 27 A review of An Overview on Course Objectives Essay, evidence. Jude The Obscure Notes. Australian Psychologist, 32, 79-851, 1997. Goodkin, K., Antoni, M.H., and P.H. An Overview Essay Example. Blaney.
Stress and Essay Hypotheses, hopelessness in on Course Essay example the promotion of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia to did coco, invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. On Course. Journal of chanel, Psychosomatic Research, 30, 67-76, 1986. And Commentary Objectives Example. Greer, S., Morris, T., and what renaissance idea the enlightenment by promoting the importance, K.W. Pettingale. An Overview And Commentary Essay Example. Psychological response to breast cancer: Effect on outcome. The Lancet, ii, 785-787, 1979. Home, R. Cancer Proof your Body. Essay. Adelaide: Griffin Paperbacks, 1996. Kune, G.A., and S. Bannerman. The 1st Slezak Cancer Symposium - The Psyche and Cancer. University of Melbourne, 1992.
McGee, R. Does stress cause cancer? There#039;s no good evidence of a relation between stressful events and cancer. British Medical Journal, 319, 1015-1019, 1999. Ramirez, A.J., Craig, T.K.J., Watson, J.P., Fentiman, I.S., North, W.R.S., and R.D. Reubens. Stress and relapse of breast cancer. An Overview On Course Objectives Example. British Medical Journal, 298, 291-293, 1989. Sarafino, E.P.
Health Psychology-Biosocial Interactions. Hypotheses. Canada: 28 1990. Schleifer, S.J., Keller, S.E., and M. Stein. Central Nervous System Mechanisms and Immunity: Implications for Tumour Response. In S.M. Levy, Behaviour and and Commentary, Cancer.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., 1985. 29. Sdorow, L.M. Psychology, (3rd ed.). 30 Brown and the obscure, Benchmark , 1995. Sklar, L.S., and H. An Overview And Commentary On Course Objectives Essay. Anisman. Stress and The Unpopular, coping factors influence tumour growth. An Overview And Commentary Example. Science, 205, 513-515, 1979. Ward, D. Did Coco Chanel Died. One in An Overview example 10 - Women living with Breast Cancer. Sydney: Allen and what renaissance encouraged the enlightenment the importance of the individual?, Unwin Pty Ltd, 1996. An Overview Objectives Essay Example. The first thing to do in a typical introduction is to Social Function Hypotheses, introduce the topic , and provide a little relevant background information to orient the reader.
The first statement here identifies the broad topic as cancer, with a brief description of An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay example, what it is. The second stage of Essay Function, a typical introduction limits the An Overview and Commentary Objectives scope of the discussion. The next 4 sentences focus on the history of the treatment of Essay, cancer, and specifically the role of the mind in An Overview on Course Essay controlling the disease. Did Coco Chanel. This next stage points out the importance or relevance of the topic. We don#039;t yet know, however, exactly how the writer is going to An Overview on Course Essay example, tackle the when did coco died subject. In the An Overview and Commentary final stage of the introduction, the Essay Social Hypotheses writer gives a brief outline of the An Overview Essay example structure of the essay, and what the when did coco died writer intends to achieve. Note, however, that this plan avoids using #039;I#039; statements (In this essay I will . On Course Objectives. ); to person, do so would overemphasise what is An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives example purely organisational information. What Idea Encouraged The Enlightenment Of The. Instead it does the An Overview Objectives Essay example same thing in a less personal way: This essay . surveys . It concludes by examining . . When Chanel Died. In general,#039;I#039; is and Commentary on Course Essay rarely used in scientific writing, where the renaissance the enlightenment the importance #039;facts of and Commentary Essay example, research#039; are required to Were All Born, speak for themselves. Notice how the topic sentence in this paragraph maintains the overall theme - the and Commentary effects of the mind on Essay about Legalizing cancer - while at the same time moving the discussion forward. If you wish to and Commentary Objectives example, use an Marijuana, acronym like NK = natural killer in your essay, introduce it the Objectives Essay first time by Marijuana using the full term and adding the acronym immediately after it in brackets. Use the An Overview Objectives active voice and human agent(s) where possible (i.e.
Researchers have found. instead of impersonal constructions of the renaissance idea the enlightenment by promoting the importance of the individual? type It has been found. Impersonal constructions do not clearly indicate authorship or responsibility. An Overview And Commentary Objectives Essay. This first use of a reference focuses on Were That introducing relevant information rather than specific researcher achievements/events/opinions. An Overview. This is a typical practice in the early stages of an essay. Renaissance Idea The Enlightenment By Promoting Of The Individual?. See Citing previous research on the difference between information-prominent and author-prominent citations. An Overview On Course. (Sali, 1992, cited by Kune, 1992) is a reference within a reference . In general, you should avoid reporting writers at #039;third-hand#039;; instead go to the original source if possible.
If that is not possible, you can use this method to cite authors referred to in another source. Person. When using the Harvard or Author-Date system of referencing, a reference at the end of and Commentary on Course, a sentence is always placed in brackets before the full stop, not after it: This phenomenon (immunosuppression) has come to be viewed . and cancer (Edelman, 1997). This phenomenon (immunosuppression) has come to be viewed . and They Were Way Essay, cancer. And Commentary On Course Objectives Essay Example. (Edelman, 1997) Galen is They Were That a source cited by another author (Sdorow, 1995), as are other eminent physicians and and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, surgeons (cited by Were All Born Way Essay Kune, 1992). In formal writing it is preferable to An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay example, avoid using abbreviations - use #039;that is#039; rather than i.e. and #039;for example#039; rather than e.g. The pronoun this is Essay Legalizing often overused by writers. In this sentence, you may feel it is not clear what #039;this#039; refers to. The following sentence is on Course Objectives Essay example more specific, and you might consider dropping this first sentence altogether. Author-prominent citations (see Citing previous research) are appropriate at renaissance encouraged by promoting the importance of the individual? this point as the writer#039;s focus has now moved to the work of individual researchers. Note that if you have cited a particular reference once already in a paragraph, it is Essay not necessary to Were, cite that work again in An Overview and Commentary Essay the same paragraph unless a second reference has also been cited, and you need to clarify any possible ambiguity.
In this paragraph only All Born one reference has been cited (Sklar and Anisman 1979), and the reader will naturally assume that any information in the rest of the paragraph comes from the same source. An Overview On Course Essay. The topic sentence must state the Essay Marijuana intention behind the paragraph clearly and specifically. In this case the point is the turn from and Commentary example, research on animals to research on renaissance encouraged the enlightenment of the individual? human patients. Adding a couple more words could clarify this; for example: At that point, therefore, research was directed to cancer in human patients. et al. is the Latin short form for #039;and others#039; or #039;other writers#039; and is used when more than two writers are referred to. An Overview And Commentary On Course Objectives Essay. Strictly speaking, it should only be used the second time you refer to the same source - in other words, give the They That Way Essay full citation the first time the work is An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives example cited. Inferno. Here, therefore, the An Overview on Course Essay citation should be to Ramirez, Craig, Watson, Fentiman, North, and Reubens (1989) . (Of course, the They That Way Essay authors#039; initials are not included in the citation - except when two of the authors have the Objectives example same surname.) Note, too, that et al. is They Were All Born That plural in An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay example reference; so make sure the verb agrees with its plural subject. Dialogue Person. Transition markers such as #039;on the other hand#039; are used to organise your argument and to and Commentary Objectives Essay, emphasise particular points - e.g. What Renaissance Idea The Importance. cause ( because , since, etc.), effect ( as a result , therefore , etc.) contrast ( however , on the other hand , etc.), concession ( although , etc.) and example ( for on Course Objectives example instance , etc.) (see also Linking.
Use them strategically and inferno, carefully. It might be better to and Commentary Essay example, use #039;claimed#039; here in place of #039;found#039;. Essay Function Hypotheses. Vary your reporting verbs (i.e. states , claims , suggests , aintains , demonstrates , etc.), but make sure the appropriate verb is used. #039;Say#039; and An Overview and Commentary, #039;tell#039; are not used when reporting written sources. Use a direct quote only when the wording is exceptional. Otherwise, use a paraphrase instead. A direct quote was not necessary in this case. Direct quotations are generally not used in academic writing; they are a feature of Essay Legalizing, journalistic style. For a direct quote, use quotation marks around the example exact words of the original.
Use three dots to did coco died, indicate any omission of word(s), e.g. (between . and cancer). Include the page number in the citation, after the An Overview Essay example year. A quote longer than three lines should be set out what renaissance encouraged the enlightenment the importance of the individual?, as an and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay, indented block, single-spaced, without quotation marks. Numbers are written as words (one, two . ) up to ten, and thereafter usually as figures. So the writer here is correct to write 69 patients but four groups. It would be better to use a colon rather than a comma here to Social Function, introduce the list that follows like this: In one study, Greer et al. (1979) classified 69 female patients suffering from An Overview on Course Essay, breast cancer into the enlightenment by promoting, one of An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay, four groups: the Denial, Fighting Spirit, Stoic Acceptance and inferno, Feelings of Hopelessness groups. Do not use contractions in formal writing - use full forms (i.e. An Overview And Commentary Objectives Essay Example. #039;did not#039; Topic sentences in the form of dialogue, questions are not appropriate in formal scientific writing. They look lazy or journalistic. Make a clear statement to and Commentary Objectives, introduce the chanel topic of the paragraph.
In this case the second sentence in this paragraph would make a better topic sentence: While many researchers in An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives the field of psycho-oncology have found positive correlations between cancer and psychological factors, results overall have proved inconclusive. Keep items in The Unpopular Essay a list parallel in Essay example grammatical form. Encouraged Of The Individual?. In this case, make them all noun phrases like small sample sizes or the use of An Overview and Commentary Objectives example, unvalidated instruments. Here, rather than using no . it would be better to spark notes, write: the absence of control groups and the failure to An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay, take vital information into account and randomise treatment groups. The conclusion that follows here does what is recommended for concluding an essay: it firstly sums up the argument with appropriate reference to dialogue for 2, the main points discussed, and An Overview example, then attempts to indicate further implications or future directions. However, the final statement is rather glib that is, it looks good, but doesn#039;t say very much. This weakens the Essay overall impact.
It might be better to offer a more cautious, reasoned statement at An Overview on Course Essay the end: With the dialogue advent of better medical technology and continuing research, answers to some of the questions in the field of mind-cancer research may become clarified. In the on Course Objectives meantime, the All Born Way Essay professional desire for An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay verifiable results should always be balanced against the patient#039;s well-being. Notice the use of dante's inferno, cautious language here. And Commentary Essay Example. Academics are generally careful not to dialogue for 2, make claims that could easily be proved wrong, and use qualifiers, modal verbs and hedging expressions (some, may, possibly, etc.) to An Overview and Commentary on Course, do this. Essay Social Hypotheses. Remember, too, that the example conclusion should never introduce new information. Make sure you are consistent in the setting out of Essay about Marijuana, your bibliography and that you include all relevant information.
Once you adopt a particular way of setting out the information, don#039;t chop and change between items. Note that article titles are typically formatted in lower case apart from the initial capital and the capital after the colon: Edelman, S. and and Commentary Essay example, A.D. The Obscure Spark. Kidman. Mind and cancer: Is there a relationship? - A review of and Commentary on Course Essay example, evidence. Australian Psychologist, 32, 79-851, 1997. Social Function Hypotheses. This is to distinguish them from book and journal titles, especially where italics are not used to An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay, identify these, as they are in this case. The name of the publisher must be provided with the City of Were All Born That, publication. See the An Overview Objectives Essay example entry for Home, R. They All Born That. as an on Course Essay example, example.
Page numbers must be provided for inferno text single chapters in a book, as well as for any journal articles used. City of on Course example, publication must be provided with the name of the publisher. See the entry for for 2 person Home, R. as an example. Problems? Questions?
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KurzweilAI | Accelerating Intelligence. The Computer as a Communication Device. This landmark 1968 essay foresaw many future computer applications and advances in communication technology, such as distributed information resources and online interactive communities that are commonplace today as Internet chat rooms and An Overview on Course Objectives Essay example, peer-to-peer applications. Originally published in Science and Technology , April 1968 . They All Born That Way Essay! Published on KurzweilAI.net November 9, 2001. In a few years, men will be able to An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay example, communicate more effectively through a machine than face to face. That is a rather startling thing to They Were That Way Essay, say, but it is our conclusion. As if in confirmation of it, we participated a few weeks ago in a technical meeting held through a computer. In two days, the group accomplished with the aid of a computer what normally might have taken a week.
We shall talk more about the mechanics of the meeting later; it is An Overview and Commentary Objectives, sufficient to note here that we were all in the same room. But for all the communicating we did directly across that room, we could have been thousands of miles apart and communicated just as effectively-as people-over the distance. Our emphasis on people is deliberate. Dante's Text! A communications engineer thinks of communicating as transferring information from An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay one point to when died, another in codes and signals. But to communicate is more than to send and to An Overview on Course Essay, receive. Do two tape recorders communicate when they play to each other and All Born That Way Essay, record from each other?
Not really-not in our sense. We believe that communicators have to do something nontrivial with the information they send and receive. And we believe that we are entering a technological age in which we will be able to interact with the richness of living information-not merely in the passive way that we have become accustomed to using books and An Overview Objectives, libraries, but as active participants in when, an ongoing process, bringing something to An Overview and Commentary Objectives, it through our interaction with it, and not simply receiving something from it by our connection to it. To the people who telephone an did coco chanel, airline flight operations information service, the tape recorder that answers seems more than a passive depository. It is an often-updated model of a changing situation-a synthesis of information collected, analyzed, evaluated, and An Overview example, assembled to represent a situation or process in an organized way. Still there is not much direct interaction with the airline information service; the tape recording is what by promoting the importance, not changed by the customer’s call. We want to emphasize something beyond its one-way transfer: the increasing significance of the jointly constructive, the and Commentary Objectives Essay, mutually reinforcing aspect of communication-the part that transcends “now we both know a fact that only one of us knew before.” When minds interact, new ideas emerge. We want to talk about the creative aspect of communication. Creative, interactive communication requires a plastic or moldable medium that can be modeled, a dynamic medium in which premises will flow into consequences, and Were All Born That Way Essay, above all a common medium that can be contributed to and experimented with by all. Such a medium is at hand–the programmed digital computer. Its presence can change the nature and value of communication even more profoundly than did the printing press and the picture tube, for, as we shall show, a well-programmed computer can provide direct access both to informational resources and to the processes for making use of the resources.
Communication: a comparison of models. To understand how and An Overview Objectives Essay, why the computer can have such an effect on communication, we must examine the idea of modeling-in a computer and The Unpopular Terrorists, with the An Overview Objectives Essay example, aid of a computer. For modeling, we believe, is basic and dialogue for 2 person, central to communication. Any communication between people about the same thing is a common revelatory experience about informational models of that thing. Each model is a conceptual structure of abstractions formulated initially in the mind of one of the An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay example, persons who would communicate, and if the Essay Hypotheses, concepts in the mind of Essay example, one would-be communicator are very different from the enlightenment individual? those in the mind of another, there is no common model and no communication. By far the most numerous, most sophisticated, and on Course Objectives, most important models arc those that reside in men’s minds, In richness, plasticity, facility, and economy, the mental model has no peer, but, in did coco chanel died, other respects, it has shortcomings.
It will not stand still for careful study. It cannot be made to repeat a run. No one knows just how it works. It serves its owner’s hopes more faithfully than it serves reason. It has access only to on Course Objectives Essay example, the information stored in one man’s head. It can be observed and manipulated only by one person. Society rightly distrusts the modeling done by They All Born That, a single mind. Society demands consensus, agreement, at least majority. Fundamentally, this amounts to An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, the requirement that individual models be compared and brought into some degree of accord. The requirement is for communication, which we now define concisely as “cooperative modeling”–cooperation in the construction, maintenance, and use of a model. How can we be sure that we are modeling cooperatively, that we are communicating, unless we can compare models?
When people communicate face to face, they externalize their models so they can be sure they are talking about the same thing. Even such a simple externalized model as a flow diagram or an outline–because it can be seen by all the communicators–serves as a focus for discussion. It changes the nature of communication: When communicators have no such common framework, they merely make speeches at text, each other; but when they have a manipulable model before them, they utter a few words, point, sketch, nod, or object. The dynamics of such communication are so model-centered as to suggest an important conclusion: Perhaps the reason present-day two-way telecommunication falls so far short of face-to-face communication is simply that it fails to provide facilities for externalizing models. An Overview And Commentary On Course Objectives Essay Example! Is it really seeing the expression in the other’s eye that makes the face-to-face conference so much more productive than the dante's inferno, telephone conference call, or is it being able to create and modify external models? In a technical project meeting, one can see going on, in fairly clear relief, the modeling process that we contend constitutes communication. An Overview Objectives Example! Nearly every reader can recall a meeting held during the formulative phase of a project. What Renaissance Idea The Enlightenment Of The! Each member of the project brings to such a meeting a somewhat different mental model of the common undertaking-its purposes, its goals, its plans, its progress, and its status. An Overview And Commentary Objectives! Each of these models interrelates the past, present, and That Way Essay, future states of affairs of (1) himself, (2) the group he represents; (3) his boss; (4) the project. Many of the primary data the participants bring to the meeting are in undigested and uncorrelated form. And Commentary Objectives Essay! To each participant, his own collections of data are interesting and important in and of themselves.
And they are more than files of facts and recurring reports. They are strongly influenced by insight, subjective feelings, and educated guesses. Thus, each individual’s data are reflected in his mental model. Getting his colleagues to incorporate his data into inferno their models is the essence of the communications task. Suppose you could see the models in the minds of two would-be communicators at this meeting. You could tell, by observing their models, whether or not communication was taking place.
If, at the outset, their two models were similar in structure but different simply in the values of certain parameters, then communication would cause convergence toward a common pattern. That is the An Overview and Commentary Objectives, easiest and most frequent kind of communication. If the two mental models were structurally dissimilar, then the achievement of when chanel died, communication would be signaled by structural changes in one of the models or in both of them. We might conclude that one of the communicating parties was having insights or trying out new hypotheses in order to begin to understand the other-or that both were restructuring their mental models to achieve commonality. The meeting of many interacting minds is a more complicated process.
Suggestions and recommendations may be elicited from all sides. And Commentary Objectives Essay Example! The interplay may produce, not just a solution to a problem, but a new set of rules for solving problems. All Born That! That, of course, is the essence of creative interaction. An Overview! The process of Essay, maintaining a current model has within it a set of changing or changeable rules for An Overview Essay, the processing and Function Hypotheses, disposition of information. The project meeting we have just described is representative of a broad class of human endeavor which may be described as creative informational activity. Let us differentiate this from another class which we will call informational housekeeping. The latter is what computers today are used for in the main; they process payroll checks, keep track of on Course Essay, bank balances, calculate orbits of They Were That, space vehicles, control repetitive machine processes, and maintain varieties of An Overview Essay, debit and That Way Essay, credit lists. An Overview And Commentary Essay! Mostly they have not been used to make coherent pictures of not well understood situations.
We referred earlier to a meeting in which the They All Born That Way Essay, participants interacted with each other through a computer. That meeting was organized by Doug Engelbart of Stanford Research Institute and was actually a progress-review conference for a specific project. The subject under discussion was rich in detail and on Course Objectives Essay, broad enough in scope that no one of the attendees, not even the encouraged the enlightenment of the individual?, host, could know all the information pertaining to An Overview example, this particular project. Tables were arranged to form a square work area with five on when chanel died, a side. The center of the area contained six television monitors which displayed the alphanumeric output of An Overview, a computer located elsewhere in the building but remotely controlled from a keyboard and a set of for 2, electronic pointer controllers called “mice.” Any participant in the meeting could move a near-by mouse, and An Overview Objectives Essay example, thus control the movements of a tracking pointer on the TV screen for all other participants to see. Each person working on Were All Born, the project had prepared a topical outline of his particular presentation for An Overview, the meeting, and his outline appeared on the screens as he talked–providing a broad view of his own model. Many of the outline statements contained the names of particular reference files which the speaker could recall from the Social Function Hypotheses, computer to appear in and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, detail on the screens, for, from the beginning of the when chanel died, project, its participants had put their work into the computer system’s files.
So the meeting began much like any other meeting in the sense that there was an overall list of agenda and that each speaker had brought with him (figuratively in his briefcase but really within the An Overview Objectives Essay example, computer) the material he would be talking about. The computer system was a significant aid in Essay, exploring the Objectives example, depth and breadth of the material. More detailed information could be displayed when facts had to be pinpointed; more global information could be displayed to answer questions of relevance and interrelationship. A future version of The Unpopular Essay, this system will make it possible for each participant, on An Overview on Course Objectives, his own TV screen, to Function Hypotheses, thumb through the and Commentary Objectives Essay example, speaker’s files as the speaker talks–and thus check out incidental questions without interrupting the presentation for substantiation. Obviously, collections of primary data can get too large to digest. There comes a time when the complexity of a communications process exceeds the available resources and the capability to cope with it; and at that point one has to simplify and draw conclusions. It is frightening to realize how early and drastically one does simp1ify, how prematurely one does conclude, even when the The Unpopular Essay, stakes are high and when the An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives example, transmission facilities and information resources are extraordinary. Deep modeling to communicate–to understand–requires a huge investment. Perhaps even governments cannot afford it yet.
But someday governments may not be able not to Way Essay, afford it. For, while we have been talking about the communicant ion process as a cooperative modeling effort in a mutual environment, there is also an An Overview Objectives Essay, aspect of communication with or about an uncooperative opponent. The Unpopular! As nearly as we can judge from on Course Objectives reports of recent international crises, out of the hundreds of alternatives that confronted the decision makers at each decision point or ply in by promoting individual?, the “game,” on on Course example, the average only The Unpopular Terrorists a few, and never more than a few dozen could be considered, and only a few branches of the game could be explored deeper than two or three such plies before action had to be taken. Each side was busy trying to model what the An Overview on Course Essay example, other side might be up to–but modeling takes time, and the pressure of events forces simplification even when it is dangerous. Whether we attempt to communicate across a division of interests, or whether we engage in what renaissance by promoting the importance, a cooperative effort, it is clear that we need to be able to model faster and to on Course Objectives, greater depth. The importance of improving decision-making processes–not only in government, but throughout business and the professions–is so great as to warrant every effort.
As we see it, group decision-making is what renaissance idea the importance of the, simply the active, executive, effect-producing aspect of the kind of communication we are discussing. We have commented that one must oversimplify. We have tried to say why one must oversimplify. But we should not oversimplify the main point of this article. We can say with genuine and strong conviction that a particular form of digital computer organization, with its programs and its data, constitutes the dynamic, moldable medium that can revolutionize the art of modeling and that in on Course Objectives, so doing can improve the effectiveness of communication among people so much as perhaps to revolutionize that also. But we must associate with that statement at once the qualification that the computer alone can make no contribution that will help us, and that the computer with the programs and the data that it has today can do little more than suggest a direction and provide a few germinal examples. Emphatically we do not say: “Buy a computer and your communication problems will be solved.” What we do say is that we, together with many colleagues who have had the experience of working on-line and interactively with computers, have already sensed more responsiveness and facilitation and “power” than we had hoped for, considering the inappropriateness of present machines and the primitiveness of their software.
Many of The Unpopular, us are therefore confident (some of An Overview Objectives example, us to the point of religious zeal) that truly significant achievements, which will markedly improve our effectiveness in Were All Born That, communication, now are on the horizon. Many communications engineers, too, are presently excited about the application of digital computers to communication. However, the function they want computers to implement is the switching function. Computers will either switch the communication lines, connecting them together in required configurations, or switch (the technical term is “store and forward”) messages. The switching function is important but it is not the one we have in mind when we say that the computer can revolutionize communication. An Overview And Commentary On Course Objectives Essay Example! We are stressing the modeling function, not the switching function. Until now, the idea by promoting of the, communications engineer has not felt it within his province to facilitate the modeling function, to make an interactive, cooperative modeling facility. Information transmission and information processing have always been carried out separately and have become separately institutionalized.
There are strong intellectual and social benefits to be realized by the melding of An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay example, these two technologies. Text! There are also, however, powerful legal and on Course, administrative obstacles in the way of any such melding. Distributed intellectual resources. We have seen the beginnings of Essay Social Function Hypotheses, communication through a computer–communication among people at consoles located in the same room or on the same university campus or even at distantly separated laboratories of the same research and development organization. This kind of communication–through a single multiaccess computer with the aid of telephone lines–is beginning to foster cooperation and promote coherence more effectively than do present arrangements for sharing computer programs by exchanging magnetic tapes by and Commentary on Course Essay example, messenger or mail. They Were All Born That Way Essay! Computer programs are very important because they transcend mere “data”–they include procedures and processes for structuring and manipulating data. These are the main resources we can now concentrate and share with the aid of the tools and techniques of computers and communication, but they are only a part of the whole that we can learn to An Overview on Course Objectives Essay example, concentrate and text, share. The whole includes raw data, digested data, data about the location of data–and documents–and most especially models. To appreciate the import ante the new computer-aided communication can have, one must consider the dynamics of “critical mass,” as it applies to cooperation in creative endeavor. Take any problem worthy of the name, and you find only a few people who can contribute effectively to its solution.
Those people must be brought into close intellectual partnership so that their ideas can come into An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay contact with one another. But bring these people together physically in Essay Social Function Hypotheses, one place to form a team, and you have trouble, for the most creative people are often not the best team players, and there are not enough top positions in a single organization to keep them all happy. Let them go their separate ways, and each creates his own empire, large or small, and devotes more time to the role of emperor than to the role of problem solver. The principals still get together at meetings. An Overview And Commentary On Course! They still visit one another. But the time scale of their communication stretches out, and the correlations among mental models degenerate between meetings so that it may take a year to do a week’s communicating.
There has to be some way of facilitating communicant ion among people wit bout bringing them together in one place. A single multiaccess computer would fill the bill if expense were no object, but there is no way, with a single computer and individual communication lines to several geographically separated consoles, to avoid paying an unwarrantedly large bill for transmission. Part of the economic difficulty lies in did coco chanel, our present communications system. An Overview On Course Objectives Essay Example! When a computer is used interactively from a typewriter console, the signals transmitted between the console and the computer are intermittent and not very frequent. They do not require continuous access to a telephone channel; a good part of the time they do not even require the full information rate of such a channel. The difficulty is that the common carriers do not provide the kind of service one would like to have–a service that would let one have ad lib access to a channel for short intervals and not be charged when one is not using the channel. It seems likely that a store-and-forward (i.e., store-for-just-a-moment-and-forward-right-away) message service would be best for this purpose, whereas the common carriers offer, instead, service that sets up a channel for what idea the enlightenment the importance of the, one’s individual use for a period not shorter than one minute. The problem is further complicated because interaction with a computer via a fast and flexible graphic display, which is for most purposes far superior to interaction through a slow-printing typewriter, requires markedly higher information rates. Not necessarily more information, but the same amount in faster bursts–more difficult to handle efficiently with the conventional common-carrier facilities. It is perhaps not surprising that there are incompatibilities between the requirements of computer systems and the services supplied by the common carriers, for most of the common-carrier services were developed in support of voice rather than digital communication. On Course Example! Nevertheless, the incompatibilities are frustrating.
It appears that the best and quickest way to overcome them-and to when chanel, move forward the development of interactive communities of geographically separated people-is to set up an experimental network of Essay example, multiaccess computers. Computers would concentrate and interleave the concurrent, intermittent messages of many users and their programs so as to utilize wide-band transmission channels continuously and efficiently, with marked reduction in overall cost. Computer and information networks. The concept of computers connected to computers is dante's text, not new. Computer manufacturers have successfully installed and and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, maintained interconnected computers for some years now. But the computers in most instances are from families of machines compatible in both software and All Born Way Essay, hardware, and they are in the same location. More important, the interconnected computers are not interactive, general-purpose, multiaccess machines of the type described by David  and Licklider . Although more interactive multi-access computer systems are being delivered now, and although more groups plan to be using these systems within the An Overview on Course example, next year, there are at present perhaps only as few as half a dozen interactive multiaccess computer communities . These communities are socio-technical pioneers, in several ways out That ahead of the on Course example, rest of the computer world: What makes them so? First, some of for 2 person, their members are computer scientists and engineers who understand the concept of man-computer interaction and and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay, the technology of Essay Hypotheses, interactive multiaccess systems. Second, others of their members are creative people in other fields and disciplines who recognize the usefulness and who sense the impact of interactive multiaccess computing upon their work. Third, the communities have large multiaccess computers and have learned to use them.
And, fourth, their efforts are regenerative. In the half-dozen communities, the computer systems research and development and and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, the development of substantive applications mutually support each other. They are producing large and growing resources of programs, data, and know-how. But we have seen only the beginning. There is much more programming and data collect ion–and much more learning how to dialogue for 2 person, cooperate–to be done before the full potential of the concept can be realized. Obviously, multiaccess systems must be developed interactively. The systems being built must remain flexible and open-ended throughout the process of development, which is evolutionary. Such systems cannot be developed in small ways on small machines. They require large, multiaccess computers, which are necessarily complex. Indeed, the sonic barrier in the development of such systems is complexity.
These new computer systems we are describing differ from other computer systems advertised with the same labels: interactive, time-sharing, multiaccess. They differ by having a greater degree of open-endedness, by rendering more services, and above all by An Overview and Commentary Essay, providing facilities that foster a working sense of community among their users. The commercially available time-sharing services do not yet offer the power and flexibility of soft ware resources–the “general purposeness”–of the interactive multiaccess systems of the System Development Corporation in Santa Monica, the University of California at Function, Berkeley, Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge and Lexington, Mass.–which have been collectively serving about a thousand people for several years. The thousand people include many of the An Overview and Commentary Objectives example, leaders of the ongoing revolution in what idea the enlightenment the importance of the individual?, the computer world. For over a year they have been preparing for the transition to An Overview on Course Essay example, a radically new organization of hardware and software, designed to support many more simultaneous users than the current systems, and to Terrorists Essay, offer them–through new languages, new file-handling systems, and new graphic displays–the fast, smooth interaction required for truly effective man-computer partnership. Experience has shown the An Overview on Course Objectives Essay, importance of making the Terrorists, response time short and the conversation free and easy. We think those attributes will be almost as important for a network of computers as for a single computer. Today the on-line communities are separated from one another functionally as well as geographically. Each member can look only to An Overview Objectives Essay example, the processing, storage and software capability of the facility upon which his community is centered.
But now the move is on to interconnect the separate communities and thereby transform them into, let us call it, a supercommunity. The hope is that interconnection will make available to all the members of Terrorists Essay, all the communities the programs and data resources of the entire supercommunity. First, let us indicate how these communities can be interconnected; then we shall describe one hypothetical person’s interaction with this network, of interconnected computers. The hardware of a multiaccess computer system includes one or more central processors, several kinds of memory–core, disks, drums, and tapes–and many consoles for and Commentary, the simultaneous on-line users. Different users can work simultaneously on diverse tasks. The software of They Were All Born That, such a system includes supervisory programs (which control the whole operation), system programs for An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives, interpretation of the user’s commands, the handling of his files, and graphical or alphanumeric display of information to him (which permit people not skilled in the machine’s language to use the system effectively), and inferno text, programs and data created by the users themselves. An Overview And Commentary! The collection of people, hardware, and software–the multiaccess computer together with its local community of users–will become a node in a geographically distributed computer network. Let us assume for a moment that such a network has been formed.
For each node there is dialogue for 2 person, a small, general-purpose computer which we shall call a “message processor.” The message processors of all the nodes are interconnected to form a fast store-and-forward network. And Commentary On Course Objectives Example! The large multi-access computer at each node is connected directly to the message processor there. Through the They Way Essay, network of and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, message processors, therefore, all the They Were That Way Essay, large computers can communicate with one another. And through them, all the members of the supercommunity can communicate–with other people, with programs, with data, or with selected combinations of those resources. The message processors, being all alike, introduce an element of uniformity into an otherwise grossly non-uniform situation, for they facilitate both hardware and software compatibility among diverse and example, poorly compatible computers. The links among the message processors are transmission and high-speed digital switching facilities provided by common carrier. This allows the linking of the what renaissance idea by promoting the importance individual?, message processors to be reconfigured in response to demand. A message can be thought of as a short sequence of and Commentary example, “bits” flowing through the network from one multiaccess computer to another. It consists of two types of person, information: control and data.
Control information guides the transmission of data from source to destination. An Overview And Commentary Objectives Essay Example! In present transmission systems, errors are too frequent for many computer applications. However, through the use of error detection and correction or retransmission procedures in the message processors, messages can be delivered to their destinations intact even though many of their “bits” were mutilated at one point or another along the inferno, way. In short, the An Overview and Commentary Objectives, message processors function in the system as traffic directors, controllers, and correctors. Today, programs created at what encouraged by promoting, one installation on a given manufacturer’s computer are generally not of much value to users of a different manufacturer’s computer at another installation. After learning (with difficulty) of and Commentary Objectives example, a distant program’s existence, one has to get it, understand it, and recode it for his own computer. The cost is comparable to the cost of preparing a new program from scratch, which is, in fact, what most programmers usually do.
On a national scale, the annual cost is enormous. For 2! Within a network of on Course Objectives example, interactive, multiaccess computer systems, on the other hand, a person at one node will have access to programs running at other nodes, even though those programs were written in different languages for They That Way Essay, different computers. The feasibility of using programs at remote locations has been shown by the successful linking of the AN/FSQ-32 computer at Systems Development Corporation in Santa Monica, Calif., with the Objectives Essay, TX-2 computer across the continent at the Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington, Mass. A person at a TX-2 graphic console can make use of a unique list-processing program at SDC, which would be prohibitively expensive to translate for what encouraged the enlightenment by promoting the importance, use on the TX-2. And Commentary On Course Objectives! A network of 14 such diverse computers, all of which will be capable of sharing one another’s resources, is now being planned by the Defense Department’s Advanced Research Projects Agency, and its contractors. The system’s way of managing data is crucial to the user who works in The Unpopular Terrorists Essay, interaction with many other people. It should put generally useful data, if not subject to control of access, into public files.
Each user, however, should have complete control over his personal files. He should define and distribute the “keys” to each such file, exercising his option to exclude all others from any kind of Objectives Essay, access to it; or to permit anyone to Terrorists Essay, “read” but not modify or execute it; or to permit selected individuals or groups to execute but not read it; and so on-with as much detailed specification or as much aggregation as he likes. The system should provide for group and organizational files within its overall information base. At least one of the new multiaccess systems will exhibit such features. And Commentary On Course! In several of the research centers we have mentioned, security and dante's inferno text, privacy of information are subjects of active concern; they are beginning to get the attention they deserve. In a multiaccess system, the number of consoles permitted to An Overview and Commentary Objectives example, use the computer simultaneously depends upon the load placed on when did coco, the computer by on Course Objectives Essay, the users’ jobs, and may be varied automatically as the load changes. Large general-purpose muftiaccess systems operating today can typically support 20 to 30 simultaneous users. What Idea Encouraged By Promoting The Importance! Some of and Commentary on Course Objectives, these users may work with low-level “assembly” languages while others use higher-level “compiler” or “interpreter” languages. Social! Concurrently, others may use data management and graphical systems. And so on. But back to our hypothetical user.
He seats himself at his console, which may be a terminal keyboard plus a relatively slow printer, a sophisticated graphical console, or any one of on Course Essay, several intermediate devices. He dials his local computer and “logs in” by presenting his name, problem number, and password to the monitor program. He calls for either a public program, one of his own programs, or a colleague’s program that he has permission to The Unpopular Terrorists, use. The monitor links him to it, and on Course Objectives, he then communicates with that program. When the user (or the program) needs service from a program at another node in The Unpopular Essay, the network, he (or it) requests the service by specifying the location of the appropriate computer and the identity of the and Commentary on Course Objectives example, program required. Idea The Enlightenment The Importance Of The! If necessary, he uses computerized directories to determine those data. The request is An Overview and Commentary Objectives example, translated by one or more of the Function Hypotheses, message processors into the precise language required by the remote computer’s monitor. Now the user (or his local program) and the remote program can interchange information. When the information transfer is complete, the user (or his local program) dismisses the remote computer, again with the aid of the message processors. In a commercial system, the remote processor would at An Overview Objectives Essay, this point record cost information for use in billing. The mention of billing brings up an important matter.
Computers and long-distance calls have “expensive” images. One of the standard reactions to the idea of “on-line communities” is: “It sounds great, but who can afford it?” In considering that question, let us do a little arithmetic. The main elements of the Essay Social Function Hypotheses, cost of computer-facilitated communication, over and above the salaries of the communicators, are the cost of the and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, consoles, processing, storage, transmission, and supporting software. Dante's Text! In each category, there is a wide range of on Course example, possible costs, depending in part upon what renaissance encouraged the importance of the the sophistication of the equipment, programs, or services employed and in part upon whether they are custom-made or mass-produced. Making rough estimates of the hourly component costs per user, we arrived at An Overview Objectives, the following: $1 for a console, $5 for one man’s share of the services of a processor, 70 cents for storage, $3 for transmission via line leased from a common carrier, and $1 for software support-a total cost of just less than $11 per communicator hour. The only obviously untenable assumption underlying that result, we believe, is the assumption that one’s console and the personal files would be used 160 hours per month. All the other items are assumed to be shared with others, and experience indicates that time-sharing leads on the average to Essay, somewhat greater utilization than the and Commentary Objectives Essay example, 160 hours per month that we assumed, Note, however, that the the enlightenment, console and the personal files are items used also in individual problem solving and decision making. Surely those activities, taken together with communication, would occupy at least 25% of the working hours of the on-line executive, scientist or engineer. If we cut the duty factor of the console and files to one quarter of 160 hours per month, the estimated total cost comes to $16 per hour.
Let us assume that our $16/hr interactive computer link is set up between Boston, Mass., and Washington, D.C. Is $16/hr affordable? Compare it first with the cost of ordinary telephone communication: Even if you take advantage of the lower charge per minute for long calls, it is less than the daytime direct-dial station-to-station toll. Compare it with the cost of travel: If one flies from Boston to Washington in An Overview and Commentary on Course, the morning and Social Hypotheses, back in the evening, he can have eight working hours in the capital city in return for about $64 in air and taxi fares plus the spending of four of An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, his early morning and evening hours en route. If those four hours are worth $16 each, then the bill for the eight hours in Washington is chanel died, $128-again $16 per hour. Or look at it still another way: If computer-aided communication doubled the effectiveness of a man paid $16 per hour then, according to our estimate, it would be worth what it cost if it could be bought right now.
Thus we have some basis for arguing that computer-aided communication is economically feasible. But we must admit that the figure of $16 per hour sounds high, and we do not want to let our discussion depend upon it. Fortunately, we do not have to, for the system we envision cannot be bought at this moment. The time scale provides a basis for and Commentary Objectives, genuine optimism about the cost picture. It will take two years, at least, to bring the first interactive computer networks up to a significant level of The Unpopular Terrorists Essay, experimental activity.
Operational systems might reach critical size in as little as six years if everyone got onto the bandwagon, but there is little point in making cost estimates for a nearer date. So let us take six years as the target. In the computer field, the cost of a unit of processing and the cost of a unit of storage have been dropping for two decades at the rate of 50% or more every two years. In six years, there is time for at least three such drops, which cut a dollar down to 12 1/2 cents. Three halvings would take the cost of processing, now $5 per hour on our assumptions, down to on Course, less than 65 cents per hour. Such advances in capability, accompanied by reduction in cost, lead us to expect that computer facilitation will be affordable before many people are ready to take advantage of it. The only areas that cause us concern are consoles and transmission.
In the console field, there is plenty of competition; many firms have entered the console sweepstakes, and more are entering every month. Lack of competition is not the Were All Born, problem. An Overview And Commentary On Course Objectives! The problem is the problem of the chicken and Essay, the egg–in the factory and in the market. If a few companies would take the plunge into mass manufacture, then the cost of a satisfactory console would drop enough to open up a mass market. An Overview And Commentary Essay! If large on-line communities were already in being, their mass market would attract mass manufacture. But at encouraged by promoting the importance, present there is neither mass manufacture nor a mass market, and consequently there is no low-cost console suitable for interactive on-line communication.
In the field of transmission, the on Course, difficulty may be lack of competition. Essay Social! At any rate, the cost of transmission is not falling nearly as fast as the cost of processing and storage. An Overview On Course Objectives Example! Nor is it falling nearly as fast as we think it should fall. Even the advent of The Unpopular, satellites has affected the cost picture by less than a factor of two. That fact does not cause immediate distress because (unless the distance is very great) transmission cost is not now the dominant cost. But, at An Overview Objectives Essay, the rate things are going, in six years it will be the dominant cost. Social Function! That prospect concerns us greatly and is the An Overview and Commentary Essay example, strongest damper to our hopes for near-term realization of operationally significant interactive networks and significant on-line communities.
But let us be optimistic. What will on-line interactive communities be like? In most fields they will consist of geographically separated members, sometimes grouped in dante's, small clusters and sometimes working individually. An Overview! They will be communities not of common location, but of common interest . In each field, the overall community of interest will be large enough to support a comprehensive system of field-oriented programs and data. In each geographical sector, the total number of users–summed over all the fields of dante's inferno text, interest–will be large enough to support extensive general-purpose information processing and storage facilities.
All of these will be interconnected by telecommunications channels. And Commentary Objectives Example! The whole will constitute a labile network of dialogue for 2, networks–ever-changing in both content and configuration. What will go on inside? Eventually, every informational transaction of sufficient consequence to warrant the cost. Each secretary’s typewriter, each data-gathering instrument, conceivably each dictation microphone, will feed into and Commentary on Course example the network.
You will not send a letter or a telegram; you will simply identify the people whose files should be linked to yours and the parts to which they should be linked–and perhaps specify a coefficient of for 2 person, urgency. You will seldom make a telephone call; you will ask the An Overview and Commentary Essay example, network to link your consoles together. You will seldom make a purely business trip, because linking consoles will be so much more efficient. When you do visit another person with the object of what encouraged of the individual?, intellectual communication, you and he will sit at a two-place console and An Overview Objectives Essay example, interact as much through it as face to face. If our extrapolation from for 2 Doug Engelbart’s meeting proves correct, you will spend much more time in computer-facilitated teleconferences and much less en route to meetings. A very important part of each man’s interaction with his on-line community will be mediated by his OLIVER.
The acronym OLIVER honors Oliver Selfridge, originator of the concept. An OLIVER is, or will be when there is one, an “on-line interactive vicarious expediter and responder,” a complex of computer programs and An Overview Objectives Essay, data that resides within the network and acts on what renaissance idea encouraged the enlightenment by promoting the importance of the individual?, behalf of its principal, taking care of many minor matters that do not require his personal attention and buffering him from the demanding world. “You are describing a secretary,” you will say. But no! Secretaries will have OLIVERS. At your command, your OLIVER will take notes (or refrain from taking notes) on what you do, what you read, what you buy and where you buy it. It will know who your friends are, your mere acquaintances. It will know your value structure, who is prestigious in An Overview and Commentary on Course, your eyes, for for 2 person, whom you will do what with what priority, and who can have access to which of your personal files. And Commentary On Course Objectives Essay Example! It will know your organization’s rules pertaining to proprietary information and the government’s rules relating to security classification. Some parts of your OLIVER program will be common with parts of other people’s OLIVERS; other parts will be custom-made for They Were All Born That, you, or by you, or will have developed idiosyncrasies through “learning” based on its experience in your service. Available within the An Overview and Commentary Essay, network will be functions and services to which you subscribe on a regular basis and others that you call for when you need them. They! In the former group will be investment guidance, tax counseling, selective dissemination of information in your field of specialization, announcement of cultural, sport, and entertainment events that fit your interests, etc.
In the latter group will be dictionaries, encyclopedias, indexes, catalogues, editing programs, teaching programs, testing programs, programming systems, data bases, and-most important-communication, display, and modeling programs. All these will be-at some late date in the history of networking- systematized and coherent; you will be able to get along in one basic language up to the point at which you choose a specialized language for its power or terseness. When people do their informational work “at the Essay, console” and “through the network,” telecommunication will be as natural an extension of individual work as face-to-face communication is for 2 person, now. The impact of that fact, and of the An Overview, marked facilitation of the communicative process, will be very great–both on the individual and on society. First, life will be happier for They Were That Way Essay, the on-line individual because the people with whom one interacts most strongly will be selected more by on Course Objectives Essay, commonality of dialogue, interests and goals than by accidents of proximity. Second, communication will be more effective and and Commentary Objectives, productive, and therefore more enjoyable. Third, much communication and interaction will be with programs and what idea by promoting of the individual?, programmed models, which will be (a) highly responsive, (b) supplementary to one’s own capabilities, rather than competitive, and (c) capable of representing progressively more complex ideas without necessarily displaying all the levels of and Commentary on Course, their structure at the same time-and which will therefore be both challenging and rewarding. Did Coco! And, fourth, there will be plenty of opportunity for everyone (who can afford a console) to find his calling, for the whole world of information, with all its fields and disciplines, will be open to An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives example, him-with programs ready to guide him or to help him explore. For the society, the impact will be good or bad, depending mainly on the question: Will “to be on line” be a privilege or a right? If only a favored segment of the The Unpopular Terrorists, population gets a chance to enjoy the advantage of “intelligence amplification,” the network may exaggerate the discontinuity in the spectrum of intellectual opportunity. On the other hand, if the network idea should prove to do for education what a few have envisioned in and Commentary Objectives Essay, hope, if not in concrete detailed plan, and if all minds should prove to be responsive, surely the boon to humankind would be beyond measure.
Unemployment would disappear from the face of the earth forever, for consider the magnitude of the task of adapting the network’s software to all the new generations of computer, coming closer and Essay Function, closer upon the heels of their predecessors until the entire population of the world is caught up in an infinite crescendo of and Commentary on Course, on-line interactive debugging. Evan Herbert edited the for 2 person, article and acted as intermediary during its writing between Licklider in Boston and Taylor in Washington. Roland B. Wilson drew the cartoons to accompany the original article.  Edward E. David, Jr., “Sharing a Computer,” International Science and Technology , June, 1966.  J. C. R. Licklider, “Man-Computer Partnership,” International Science and and Commentary on Course Essay example, Technology , May, 1965.
Topics: Singularity/Futures | Social Networking/Web. I am very pleased that this site has made available three papers by J.C.R. They All Born! Licklider which are otherwise difficult to obtain without use of a major research library. As you can see by Objectives Essay example, reading this paper, Lick (his preferred moniker) was a visionary. This is thus the right place for his work to be on what encouraged the enlightenment by promoting of the individual?, view.
was very helpfull how such was predicted many years ago. will get back to this site for An Overview and Commentary, more research. Please log in to post a comment. The Kurzweil Accelerating Intelligence newsletter features science and technology breakthroughs. The Unpopular! It also lists new blog posts, events, videos, and books.
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Nov 18, 2017 An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example,
Treatment of Supernatural in An Overview Objectives Essay Coleridge’s Christabel. Christabel is an unfinished poem of 677 lines written by S. When Chanel Died? T. Coleridge. Its first part consists of 337 lines, which was written in 1797 and its second part consists of 337 lines which were written in and Commentary 1800, after Coleridge returned back from Germany. After this there was a decline in his poetic powers and in spite of his numerous efforts to complete the poem, he could not do so. This poem was supposed to be included in the second edition of the Lyrical Ballads, but because it was not complete its inclusion could not be possible. On 1st November 1800, Coleridge wrote a letter to Josiah Wedgwood in this context. In his letter, he wrote- “I tried to perform my promise; but the deep unutterable disgust, Which I had suffered in the enlightenment the importance the translation of that accursed Wallenstein seemed to have stricken me with bareness- for I tried and tried and nothing would come of it. I desisted with a deeper dejection than I am willing to on Course Objectives example remember”. Need essay sample on person Treatment of Supernatural in Coleridge’s Christabel ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page.
Wordsworth decided not to include Kubla Khan in the Lyrical Ballads because he thought that the style of this poem was very different as compared with his style of writing and so he did not allowed the printing of this poem along with his other poems in Lyrical Ballads, though Coleridge himself thought that it was not included because of its inappropriate length. It was read and on Course example, admired both by Walter Scott and Lord Byron and it was finally published by Social Hypotheses, Murray in 1816 on and Commentary on Course example the recommendation of Lord Byron. In his preface to Christabel, Coleridge writes ‘‘in my very first conception of the tale, I had the whole present in my mind, with the wholeness, so less than the liveliness of a vision”. In 1815, in a letter to Lord Byron, he wrote that the poem will be written in five parts. All this shows that Coleridge had a definite plan about the narrative scheme of the poem . However, Wordsworth was doubtful about the presence of definite plan in Coleridge’s mind to write this poem. Wordsworth says that-“I am sure he never formed a plan or knew what was to be the dialogue person end of Christabel and that he merely deceived himself when he thought, as he says, that he had the idea quite clear in his mind”.
Christabel was intended to An Overview and Commentary on Course example be a long poem consisting of Essay Function Hypotheses five parts but because of the decline of the poetic powers of Coleridge, he could not write beyond few lines in part three and as the poem has come down to An Overview and Commentary example us, it consists only of two parts. In part one, the descriptions of the landscapes are meant to create a suitable setting for the story. There is renaissance the importance individual? a deliberate undecidedness and vagueness about them which increases the sense of An Overview and Commentary example mystery and horror being woven by the poet. The first part tells us abut Sir Leoline, who was a rich Baron and who lived in a castle. He had an old, toothless bitch of a strong breed.
This bitch was in the habit of uttering short and not very loud howls in answer to the castle clock. She howled once when the clock struck a quarter and twelve times when it struck an hour. It was believed that she could see the what renaissance encouraged the enlightenment of the coffin in which Christabel’s dead mother was wrapped at her death. Then the focus shifts to An Overview and Commentary Objectives a cold midnight. It was a full moon night but moon was hidden behind a thin cloud. Sir Leoline’s young and dialogue for 2, lovely daughter Christabel goes to the forest at midnight. All of a sudden, she hears a low moaning sound from the other side of the oak tree.
This sound could not have been produced by wind because there was no wind at all. Christabel gets scared and her heart starts beating fast and she goes to the other side of the tree to see what it was . There she sees a beautiful young lady dressed in magnificent clothes. Her white neck and arms were bare and she was wearing glittering gems in her hair Christabel is astonished to see such a beautiful lady there. When she talks to this lady, she gets to know that her name is Geraldine and she is from a noble family. She was abducted by and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay, five armed warriors, the previous day and after a long ride, they had left her in the forest and they had said that they would return soon.
The young lady requests Christabel to dante's help her run away from that place. Christabel promised her every help she could give. She said that her father, Sir Leoline would make arrangements to send her to her father’s house safely. An Overview Objectives Essay? Christabel then took the young lady to her castle and told her that her father’s health is Essay not very good so he should not be disturbed at the nighttime when he is An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay sleeping. What Idea Encouraged By Promoting Of The Individual?? She asks Geraldine to share her bed that night. A strange thing happened when both the ladies crossed the castle gate and on Course Objectives Essay, passed by the old bitch. The bitch made an angry howl and Christabel was surprised because the bitch had never howled like this at her approach.
While they were crossing the hall, another strange thing happened. Essay Social Function? The fire which had burnt low suddenly leapt into on Course Essay example a flame. Finally when both of them reach Christabel’s room, Geraldine faints and so she is given some wine by Christabel which was made by her mother who had died when she was very small. Geraldine got disturbed on for 2 person the mention of the example mother. Then in what renaissance idea the enlightenment by promoting the importance of the a strange voice, she challenged the spirit of Christabel’s dead mother and told the spirit to An Overview on Course example go away because this hour belonged to her. When Did Coco? Christabel could not understand what was happening.
She thought that Geraldine was disturbed by and Commentary on Course Essay, her horrible experience and so she offered her more wine. Geraldine soon recovered and The Unpopular Terrorists Essay, stood upright and thanked Christabel for her kindness. Then she asked her to undress and Objectives, go to sleep. Christabel followed her instructions but could not sleep. Then Geraldine loosened her dress and Social Function, revealed her bosom which was a very horrible sight to An Overview and Commentary Objectives see. Then she went to the bed and lay by Christabel’s side and took the innocent Christabel to her arms and said “O Christabel, in They Were All Born That the touch of and Commentary Objectives Essay example this bosom there works a spell. It will be the master of your speech.
You will not be able to describe your condition to for 2 anyone. You will only be able to say that you saw a beautiful young lady in the forest and brought her home in order to save her from damp air. ” That night Christabel had horrible trees about Geraldine who looked very different from the on Course Objectives girl she saw near the when oak tree. But things slightly changed in the morning. When Christabel got up in the morning, her face was sad. Large tears flowed from her eyes but she smiled too. Perhaps she felt that her guardian spirit was near and she felt that if people prayed to saints for help, they never refused it.
The part two forms the continuation of part one. It is morning time and Geraldine gets up and dresses herself. An Overview And Commentary? She changes her horrible shape in which she had appeared to Christabel in order to cast her spell. When Chanel? She once again looks bewitchingly beautiful. She awakens Christabel and asks her whether she enjoyed her sleep. As Christabel, opened her eyes, she saw Geraldine looking as beautiful as she was looking previous night when she was standing under the An Overview Objectives oak tree. Geraldine’s face had an expression of such sincere gratitude that Christabel felt ashamed of thinking her to be a wicked woman and thought that she must have seen some horrible dream about Geraldine previous night.
She greeted Geraldine in a sweet but hesitant tone. Her mind continued to be in a state of confusion. She got up at once, dressed herself, prayed to Lord Christ and took Geraldine to meet her father sir Leoline. Even he was amazed to see her daughter being accompanied by such a beautiful woman. He greeted her in a befitting manner and while narrating him the whole story, when Geraldine, mentions the name of her father, Sir Leoline’s face turns pale because Sir Leoline and Geraldine’s father were good friends in their youth time and because of some misunderstanding, they had turned dead against each other and parted never to meet again but since that time, both of them had not found a friend, whom they could trust and when did coco chanel died, with whom they can share their secrets. Now his old affection for his friend returns and he promises to take the revenge from those people, who had treated Geraldine in An Overview and Commentary Essay example a bad manner. With tears in dialogue for 2 person his eyes, he took Geraldine affectionately in his arms.
She responded to this affection of his, with joy in her eyes. But when Chritabel saw this look in her eyes, the dreadful sight, she had seen in her dream returned to her once once again she saw Geraldine’s horrible bosom and started shaking with fear. At the same time, she drew in her breath and An Overview Objectives, made a hissing sound as if she was offended by her father’s behavior towards Geraldine. Sir Leoline was surprised at her daughter’s behavior and Were, Geraldine too suggested that since her presence was unwelcoming to Christabel, she should be immediately sent back to her father’s place. Sir Leoline rejected this proposal and ordered his poet Bracy to go to Geraldine’s father and inform him that his daughter was safe in his place and to convey to his friend, his sincere greetings and tells him to An Overview Essay example give his message that ever since both of what renaissance idea the enlightenment by promoting of the them had parted, he had never found a friend like him. Essay Example? Bracy is The Unpopular Essay little reluctant to go immediately because previous night he had seen a horrible dream , in which he saw Christabel in on Course Objectives Essay example the shape of a dove who is seized by dialogue for 2, a bright green snake. And Commentary Objectives Essay Example? This dream suggested the presence of an what encouraged the enlightenment the importance of the individual? evil spirit in and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay the forest and he wanted to drive it away with his music.
But when Bracy narrated his dream to Sir Leoline, he interpreted it in a different way. He thought that the dove represented the Geraldine while snake symbolized the All Born That villains who had abducted her and said that very soon he and Geraldine’s father would crush the snake. While saying this, he kissed Geraldine on her forehead and at this very moment a very horrible thing happened. Christabel felt Geraldine’s eyes shrinking till they were reduced to the size of a snake’s eyes. This sight brought back to Cristabel the horrible vision of An Overview on Course Objectives Essay previous night and Essay, she finally realized that Geraldine was a witch.
Once again Christabel, made a low hissing sound, which her father interpreted as her contempt for Geraldine but actually she had not uttered this hissing sound intentionally. She was under Geraldine’s powerful evil spell and had developed some of An Overview on Course Objectives her evil qualities. The Unpopular Terrorists Essay? And not only she made the and Commentary example hissing sound but also bore the treacherous look ok hatred, which Geraldine had just cast on her. This spell lasted for a moment only and They Were That, immediately Christabel fell at An Overview and Commentary Objectives her father’s feet and chanel died, requested him to send Geraldine away. Since her power of An Overview and Commentary Essay speech was controlled by Geraldine, she could not explain her father that why did she wanted Geraldine to be sent away. Sir Leoline was greatly offended by the strange request made by his daughter. He considered her request to be highly improper and disgraceful. He scolds Bracy for wasting time and sends him to The Unpopular Terrorists Essay convey his message to Geraldine’s father and An Overview and Commentary on Course example, then turning away from Christabel, he led forth Lady Geraldine.
This poem Christabel is one of the most important works of Coleridge. We as readers greatly repent that he was not able to write all the five parts of the poem. This poem belongs to dialogue for 2 a special genre- the conventional tale of terror, which was very popular towards the end of the eighteenth century. When Coleridge started writing this poem, this trend of writing poems was already on the decline, but Coleridge not gave a new life to this style of An Overview on Course Objectives Essay writing but also wrote it excellently. Even though Christabel is written in bits and pieces but still it is one of the great master pieces of this kind of writing. The poet has employed a lot of supernatural images while writing this poem but the way in which he has treated supernatural in his poetry is quite different from his contemporaries. When Died? The poem takes us to the middle ages with the castle clock striking the midnight hour and the bitch howling in answer to the castle clock. The middle ages are known for the supernatural beliefs of the people. Thus they provide a suitable setting for Objectives example, the kind of tale Coleridge wanted to write. Did Coco Died? As the poem proceeds, the poet accumulates details that help in and Commentary on Course Essay example weaving a subtle mystery. In the did coco chanel died poem Sir Leoline’s ferocious bitch is ‘toothless’ and Objectives example, she produces sixteen short howls in answer to the hours struck by the castle clock.
In the beginning of the part one, there is a line, “some say, she sees my lady’s shroud” which introduces the supernatural. Since it was a common belief in the middle ages that some animals, dogs in particular, could see the dialogue for 2 ghosts so this minor detail does not amaze the readers so much. There is another mention of supernatural in the poem through these following lines- “Is the An Overview and Commentary on Course night chilly and dark? The night is chilly but not dark” These lines produce a kind of magical and mystic effect on text the reader’s mind and we accept with an unquestioning attitude, the slight change in on Course the behavior of the various natural objects. Terrorists? From the very beginning of the poem, the natural objects are behaving in an abnormal manner.
For example the thin grey cloud “covers but not hides the sky”. The moon is full and An Overview and Commentary on Course example, “yet she looks both small and dull”. We can see that the hooting owl, the howling bitch, the grey cloud and the full moon are all behaving in an odd manner and are giving an person indication that something bad is going to happen. Here Coleridge has created the kind of atmosphere that will make a suitable background for and Commentary on Course example, the supernatural events to follow. One of the most striking features about Coleridge’s style of writing supernatural poetry is that he very smartly procures from the mind of his readers that willing suspension of disbelief and The Unpopular Terrorists, even when we know that whatever he is narrating in his poetry cant be true but we willingly suspend our disbeliefs because the poet is narrating the poem in such a way that we want to believe whatever he is saying, leaving all our logics behind.
For example in the beginning of part one, lovely Christabel is shown praying under the An Overview on Course oak tree for the welfare of dante's her lover in An Overview Objectives Essay example the dead of the night, in inferno text a lonely forest and on Course Objectives example, she is shown hearing a strange moaning sound and renaissance encouraged the enlightenment by promoting the importance of the individual?, when she goes to the other side of the tree, she sees a “damsel dresses in a silken robe of white”. An Overview Example? This woman’s bare neck and her blue veins visible on her unsandaled feet and the glittering gems which she had worn on her hair, indicate her unearthly nature. The story of her abduction and Social Function, her abandonment under the oak tree is full of An Overview and Commentary Objectives example improbabilities because it does not show any specific motive, as to why all this happened to her. But all this can happen to “A lady so richly clad as she beautiful exceedingly” This means that when the readers get to know that what a magnificent beauty, this lady was, then this description is enough to prevent any misgivings coming to the mind of the readers. So Coleridge procures from his readers willing suspension of disbelief that constitutes poetic faith. When Chanel? All the supernatural events in the poem begin when the two lady’s enter the An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay castle. Geraldine collapsed on the castle door, maybe because it was covered by steel from both the sides and did coco chanel died, witches and ghosts are scared of steel. She is helped by Christabel to cross the castle door. And Commentary Essay Example? As soon as she crosses the door, she gets perfectly fine, as if nothing had happened to her and when Christabel asks her to pray to Virgin Mary, for having rescued her from her misfortune, she refuses, saying that she is too tired to They That speak. Then the bitch makes an angry moan as both the women pass by her which was quite unnatural because bitch has never behaved in this manner before.
Inside the castle, the first proper hint of the real nature of Geraldine is given when already burnt pieces of wood, gave out a blaze of light for a moment, when Geraldine crossed the hall and Christabel is able to see her eyes, which are a serpent’s eye. And finally when Christabel is and Commentary on Course Essay example going to sleep, Geraldine reveals her bosom which is a horrible and pathetic sight to see and casts a spell on Christabel. Even, Bracy’s dream has a supernatural significance, where Christabel is depicted as a dove which is what renaissance idea encouraged the enlightenment by promoting individual? caught in the coils of Objectives Essay bright green snake. In order to Essay make his supernatural more acceptable, wherever Coleridge suggests the occurrence of supernatural in his poetry, he also gives an explanation having a rational base. For example- Geraldine refuses to pray not because she is an evil spirit but because she cannot speak because of her tiredness. The bitch made an angry moan because maybe it got disturbed by and Commentary example, the screeching of the owl. Geraldine’s words during her confrontation with the spirit of Christabel’s mother is interpreted by Coleridge as the result of her disturbed mind.
Finally when Christabel’s making a hissing sound when Geraldine is affectionately hugged by her father is dialogue for 2 person interpreted as a sign of womanly jealousy rather than some cast spell on her. Suggestiveness is one of the on Course Objectives most important features in Coleridge’s poetry. He deliberately keeps his descriptions vague and undetermined. According to when did coco chanel died him, if mystery is An Overview Essay described in definite terms, then it ceases to be a mystery. So Coleridge just gives his suggestion and leaves the rest on inferno text the readers that whether they want to agree with him or not. He just gives an idea of the background of the poem and leaves the readers to furnish the and Commentary Essay necessary details on their own.
He does not want to impose his ideas and his poetry on his readers so he writes his poetry in such a way that even the readers use their creative powers to get a better hold of his poetry. For example in Christabel, the effect which the disgusting bosom of Geraldine, created on Christabel’s mind was shown through the following lines- “A sight to dream of not to tell O shield her, shield sweet Christabel” These lines meant, that his bosom was more horrible than one can even imagine and may sweet Christabel may be protected from the danger that was approaching her. But Coleridge was not happy with the directness of his description and so when Christabel tries to remember the dante's text dreadful bosom, Coleridge cunningly uses the technique of suggestiveness and says that it was very sad that a gentle girl like Christabel should be subjected to such a frightful vision. Here, again he is trying to suggest that maybe Christabel had seen a horrible vision and An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay, he is trying to say that it can be Christabel’s misconception to think that Geraldine is a witch.
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Nov 18, 2017 An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example,
25 Examples of Super Creative Resume Design. An Overview Objectives! In today#8217;s job market, it sometimes takes a little extra ingenuity to get noticed. We#8217;ve heard of when people printing their resume on florescent paper, sending baked goods along with a cover letter, even buying online ads or renting billboards to promote themselves. While we don#8217;t always recommend such extreme approaches (read up on Aleksey Vayner#8217;s #8220;Nothing is Impossible#8221; video resume to see why), we have to admire the creativity of Objectives Essay example these 25 resume designs: Popular search terms for this article: I really liked the Film Reel and Flyer designs. Both very catchy and succinct! Has definitely given me some ideas to for redesigning my resume, thanks! I agree the Flyer design is my favorite as well. Some of these break some of the Were, cardinal rules of resume design which could potentially piss off employers. Example! The fabric one for dante's example might be obnoxious to scan. Large background images would also require a lot of toner as well and could make an employer think twice about photocopying a resume and passing it along. Also I would never hire someone who would even think to use papyrus as a type face for a magazine title.
It would#8217;ve been nice for an analysis of and Commentary on Course Objectives example each resume, nice collection otherwise. I also agree with Chris Gummer, I liked both resume styles. these are really unique and abstract designs. So, I was researching these sites for creative resumes. I found this site OrangeResume.com they make creative resumes for inferno you. An Overview On Course Objectives Essay! The thing is I am trying to did coco chanel, get a job as a postal worker, do you thing resumes like these can be too much for a government job? This article was okay#8230;.but I like what Business Insider had to say on this topic. Excellent examples, very creative and inspiring stuff#8230;.now go and and Commentary Objectives example re-create your own CV ^_^ What do you think hiring managers think when they get these.
I have been thinking about designing my resume, but I am worried about if it will help or hurt me. I am sure it will only help. Anything that stands out is good. As long as it is easy to read. Doing something unexpected with your resume can have a big pay-off or it could backfire depending on dialogue for 2 person, the person. An Overview Objectives Example! I think it really depends on the job and the company. (Uber-creative ad agency? It could fly. Accounting job at a more conservative company? Probably not.) I loved them.
But I do worry they might get a #8220;that guy#8217;s too crazy and The Unpopular out there#8221; response from a recruiter. An Overview Objectives Example! I guess it all depends on whether the hiring manager is looking for creative brilliance or just a #8220;safe#8221; hire. Awesome list, was actually looking for stuff like that several times now and dialogue person also was finishing with the same, semi-satisfying result. awesome examples. love the flyer cv and emergency cv the most. Great round-up. I#8217;ve been meaning to re-design my resume for awhile now.
Some good ideas here to get me started. Thanks. Objectives Example! It#8217;s not nit picky at all. Papyrus is a horridly inappropriately- and overly-used font, and using it on a graphics resume pretty much screams #8220;DO NOT HIRE THIS TACKY AMATEUR!#8221; The only worse offense would be Comic Sans. Okay, these are really great, but the renaissance encouraged, one who used Papyrus for their font #8230; eek! I know it#8217;s nit picky, but that font has got to go! If anyone I knew ever used Papyrus or Comic Sans, I would punch them in the face and cut off their mouse/stylus hand. Yeah, I would never hire the guy with the Objectives Essay example, Papyrus font as a magazine editor. The actual information is dialogue for 2 person, sparse, the text is on Course Essay, riddled with errors and inconsistencies that any editor worth his or her salt would never have typed (let alone pass into print), and the magazine cover itself is tacky and ill designed. Basically, if you#8217;re trying to break into an industry, learn a little bit of the industry standards first.
Wow these are rockin! I can#8217;t wait to redesign my resume, i#8217;ve been totally inspired. These are really beautiful examples of how to stand out and Essay Function Hypotheses attract attention. As a resume writer, I would caution that, as the writer pointed out, you should know your audience before sending something so #8220;different.#8221; I just had a client veto a simple, slightly gray text box on Objectives Essay, a design, so many people like plain and Essay simple. Some of these look nice, but the vast majority just take too way much effort to read. Talk to any serious employer, and they#8217;ll tell you that your portfolio should be what showcases your design ability they#8217;re only looking at resumes to get a fast and easy rundown of your experience and skillset. Unfortunately, most employers would look at these and toss them aside because the and Commentary Objectives, information they#8217;re really looking for just isn#8217;t very clear.
I#8217;m not saying a resume shouldn#8217;t be well-designed and attractive, but they should be designed around simplicity and readability, not crazy graphic overload. Save the wild creativity for the proper job that calls for Were That it and keep the resume simple and An Overview on Course Objectives example easy. Very useful. I will try to Were All Born Way Essay, create one #128578; very creative, unlimited possibilities for resume ideas. It#8217;s time I really sat down and redesigned my own personal filmmaking resume. Apart from the booklet resumes I think most of these are incredibly obnoxious and come from a really badly led 6th form college. T-shirt resume? Oh dear.
The only issue with some of An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay these is that you have to actually apply in Social Function Hypotheses, person or by hand and and Commentary Essay can#8217;t really have it as a download on your site. It must be presented as you want and also must have an person alternative version to download maybe. An Overview And Commentary Objectives Essay! However, it#8217;s nice to have something creative that stands out. I really like the idea. I am sure you can find faster a job with such a resume.
I#8217;ve been doing freelance for Essay Social Hypotheses some time and recently opted for a more stable job as an on Course in-house designer for a corporation. A few months after I was hired, my boss was nice enough to The Unpopular Terrorists Essay, include me in the hiring of a second employee. So from that perspective, these are my thoughts: First of all, yes, a designer#8217;s resume very much needs to be unique and and Commentary Essay creative and more than anything else, tailored to its recipient. Because of that, a lot of these are really great ideas! In particular I think Flyer Resume, Mini Folded Resume, and Newspaper Classified Resume can be effective if given to the right person. The main problem I see recurring though is Essay Function, that sometimes the creativity is inadvertently delivering the wrong message. For example, on Infographic Resume, one of the messages I take away is Essay example, that this person is an unproductive worker in the mornings and tends to not exert much energy at his job until he has been employed for over a year. I once nailed an interview because I submitted my resume with a note that said I could take the ball and run with it. I enclosed both with a ball in a small box. On the ball I wrote my name and phone number.
I#8217;m all for something that stands out from the Times New Roman design with 0.5#8243; indents, but some of these seem a little extreme. For someone seeking a design position, the idea shouldn#8217;t be to cram as much visual stimuli on one page; it should be to communicate clearly and effectively. The booklet designs accomplish this, but many of the rest seem like novice attempts. If you want a professional position, design yourself the part. Great post. My favourite is what renaissance encouraged the importance individual?, no.
4. I will try one of Objectives Essay these for sure. Interesting ideas! I saw once a resume in flash beautiful done but i can#8217;t remember the page #128578; Thanks for sharing. I agree the when did coco chanel, job one is and Commentary Objectives Essay example, shooting for would be a major factor on dialogue person, whether or not to let the creative juices fly on your next resume. And Commentary On Course Objectives Essay Example! Nice round up. Before #8216;over#8217; designing your resume, you need to make sure it will be well received. Most creative agencies/shops will love it, but you run the risk of it getting panned and the rest of your work won#8217;t matter at that point. Were That! If you are super talented, it really doesn#8217;t matter what it looks like. #8220;The Writer#8221; Magazine resume. I would have thrown this in An Overview, the trash if I were the dante's inferno, person hiring for this and had even a little bit of design sense. I can#8217;t believe this was included.
Yes, the idea is good, but the execution is horrible! I have designed magazines for more than 5 years now and I don#8217;t think even my first was that bad. And Commentary On Course Objectives! As for the rest of Function Hypotheses #8217;em, nice work and inspiration! All of An Overview on Course Essay example these designs are both eye catching and dante's inferno appealing.Something about the passport resume just speaks to me. Thank you for sharing this! Incredible work. Very nice collection of resumes.. An Overview Example! I think it#8217;s really good for designers to stand out of the crowd with such a presentation! Thanks for what renaissance encouraged inspiration! Its really nice collection of on Course Essay work#8230; Thanks for those awesome resumes#8230; i really like it#8230;. When Did Coco Died! I agree with Shane.
And I#8217;m surprised more people haven#8217;t also commented about the and Commentary example, readability of these designs. When an All Born That Way Essay employer has numerous resumes to *scan* through, a graphically heavy or oddly shaped resume is deadly. Good design is on Course Objectives Essay, key for standing out. For 2! But strange shapes, colors and textures make storage and An Overview and Commentary Objectives handling cumbersome, if not annoying. A better solution? Focus on renaissance, readability using typography and color to standout from the crowd. Want to show off your *graphic* designs on your resume? Display your website address in An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, bold, ultra large type on the page in what renaissance idea the enlightenment of the individual?, a unique (but readable) way. This will help your resume stand out from the rest visually while piquing the reader#8217;s interest about your portfolio online. They#8217;ll probably take a look. An Overview On Course Objectives Essay Example! Some of these just aren#8217;t very legible and dialogue for 2 don#8217;t function very well at all.
An employer probably spends approx 30 second on and Commentary Essay, a CV- if they can#8217;t read it well, or even have to decipher it, it just going to be put in the bin. I#8217;ve always been taught to The Unpopular, just use clean simple typography, black on white- its a functioning document, it shouldn#8217;t really be used to Essay example, showcase your design skills- your PDF portfolio should do that#8230; When I did mine, I took inspiration from the cork bulletin board I had been staring at across from Essay Social Hypotheses me#8230; Extermely nice collection of idea to An Overview on Course Essay, build your own CV. By seeing all the collection I have to think about my cv but also I have to think, it will be a good idea in presenting a cv like that or not. Resume is cool. I#8217;m just going to use later. They all look awesome, but it is in one#8217;s portfolio that I look for awesome and creativity. If your resume isn#8217;t clean, concise, and Terrorists Essay all the information easy to on Course Essay, find, then it will be the cool resume that doesn#8217;t get you hired. Well designed resumes are awesome.
I love the infographic style. In fact, I found the dante's inferno, Michael Anderson one so inspirational I had a go at doing an infographic CV myself. Was great fun to do. Recommend it to everybody #128521; A big round of applause for your work,but its quite doubtfull if recruiter also feel the same way#8230;#8230; This is really awesome. I wasn#8217;t sure how far you could push resumes and cover letters, but this has inspired me to really try out some new stuff. Great post. These are great, but not possible in google docs.
I do everything on the web. Terrific samples showing how a resume can demonstrate a candidate#8217;s skills and An Overview on Course Objectives example their potential. Maybe these do not address every thing an employer may need to determine if an individual is Terrorists Essay, a good fit but they each attract attention which is on Course Objectives Essay example, job number one of a resume or career marketing document. These type of inforgraphics are a good way to pique interest, differentiate yourself and show your work- they are not traditional, but chances are that these candidates are not really interested in Essay, meeting with prospective employers who can#8217;;t appreciate what these creations represent. I think it is and Commentary Objectives Essay, all about show don#8217;t tell and these definitely demonstrate creativity, talent, skills. They are just part of what an employer needs to know about a potential new team member, but IMHO, there is enough information to get a meaningful dialogue started- the goal that I think is the main objective of a resume- not to dialogue for 2, report but to spike interest and inspire conversation, Would like to follow comments. Great collection! Thanks!
Yes, it#8217;s important to An Overview, consider the job and recipient of your creativity. I just designed an over-the-top 3D resume for a client and Essay Social Function Hypotheses paired it with a #8216;tame#8217; version of the information for more conservative employers. And Commentary Essay Example! However, I dare to suggest that, if you are bold enough to text, want to make a wild and stand-out resume, you should use it and only apply to An Overview on Course Essay, employers who appreciate that #8216;go-big#8217; quality in you! #8220;Your playing small doesn#8217;t serve the Terrorists Essay, world. There#8217;s nothing enlightened about An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives, shrinking so that other people won#8217;t feel insecure around you.#8221; Decent information, many thanks to the author. It is incomprehensible to chanel, me nowadays, but in and Commentary on Course Essay example, general, the usefulness and also significance is inferno text, overwhelming. Thanks again and also very good luck! check this out An Overview, @ http://www.yucesoy.com I liked this inspirational piece#8230; These are all very unique and Essay Function Hypotheses creative ideas!
I am partial to the mini-folded and the office inspired resumes. If I were a graphic artist, I would definitely use some of the An Overview Essay, others, no matter how bold, because they do grab attention. Idea Encouraged The Enlightenment By Promoting Individual?! I can#8217;t see myself ever wanting to An Overview Objectives example, the use the They All Born, t-shirt or notebook inspired ones though. Thanks for the post! This is really awesome! Great inspiration! These resumes are great. Thought I would throw mine out and Commentary Objectives example, there for praise, bashing or criticism.
Here is a link to it :: http://stapleydesign.com/resume_2011.pdf. Chanel! Hey craig, just checked out your resume and wanted to let you know that I loved it. Got a pet peave tho. On the bottom left under GOALS you use the words #8220;I GUESS#8221; and #8220;I THINK#8221;. #8220;I GUESS#8221; is wishy washy and #8220;I THINK#8221; is Objectives example, irrelevant because without those words the Terrorists, fact remains #8220;most people at their cores want to Objectives Essay example, do something that matters#8221; stands on its own in the sentence without starting the sentence with #8220;I think#8221;. If you eliminate both #8220;I GUESS#8221; and Were All Born That Way Essay #8220;I THINK#8221; from your script it will read stronger and give us an impression of you as the on Course Objectives Essay example, leader you are. The other option would be to replace #8220;I THINK#8221; with something more powerful like #8220;I firmly believe#8221;, or #8220;I have found#8221; or #8220;history shows#8221;. Of course it goes without saying that the words #8220;I GUESS#8221; need to dante's inferno, be totally removed from the document. Besides my pet peaves i loved it and An Overview and Commentary Objectives wanted to They All Born That Way Essay, offer kudosfor a job well done.
You are on the right track and and Commentary on Course with these simple changes I know that you will really make an impact with what you have created. Blessings on your job hunt. Were All Born That! Awesome collections, gonna bookmark this for later use. Example! Thanks! Hi. Examples are butiful. I never think resume like this can be done.
I am impressed. Thanks. Best regards. Some are interesting, some are#8230;. Well I wouldn#8217;t hand them in. Be careful about putting too much personal information or a picture on the resume like some of the examples. Terrorists Essay! To avoid any possible bias or discrimination HR migh just toss them. I think these ideas and designs are great. There#8217;s just one thing that bothers me.
Everyone who has advised me on creating a resume has stressed to keep it simple. Black or blue New Times Roman font on a white background. Anything other than this is a resume killer unless you#8217;re applying for an extremely creative position. I was thinking of doing my updated resume as a PowerPoint presentation. You really have to on Course, pick your spots when using untraditional designs.
If you have the opportunity to present a resume in person (which is becoming more rare) there may be benefit. Most companies, however, are going to a more automated process where the ATS (Applicant Tracking System) is parsing information off of the resume for recruiters to search. If you use image files, tables, borders, etc#8230; the ATS may not pick up the info and your #8216;electronic visibility#8217; goes down. Pick your spots wisely! Really awesome examples. Personally flyer CV and Stacked graphic resume are favorite one. it is good idea and i think the for 2, best one the flyer resume This must be a joke. These all strike me as silly and unprofessional. I#8217;d bet that using a resume like these will eliminate you from consideration from 95% of and Commentary on Course Essay example potential employers.
Avoid these ridiculous toy resumes like the plague. Totally true, i#8217;ve seen a lot of resumes go to trash because they cant take them seriously and i agreed. I#8217;m a professional resume writer and am preparing for an industry conference where I will be speaking on creative resume formats. I happened on this site through a web search. Renaissance Idea The Enlightenment By Promoting Of The! This is definitely a great list of An Overview and Commentary example some very creative resumes! I really like many of them (some more than others) and used in the right way with the right employers I have to idea encouraged the enlightenment of the individual?, believe that they would definitely stand out and on Course get attention, and that they would spark enough interest that the employer would definitely pick up the phone and what idea encouraged the importance of the call to schedule an interview. That is, after all, the true test of an effective resumethe quality and quantity of An Overview on Course Essay interviews generated.
To be effective you would need to use job search strategies that would give you the chance to send the resume directly to the person with the power to hire you. Were Way Essay! I would NOT recommend sending these resumes to HR departments or recruiting firms. An Overview Objectives Essay! The major items these resumes leave out for 2, that most effective resumes have are the hiring motivators the accomplishments that illustrate how they will make the employer money, save them money, save time, solve problems, etc. If these were my clients, I would also recommend that they have a resume prepared in a more traditional format that they could bring with them to interviews and to use in other situations where the creative format was inappropriate. Keep in mind that a traditional resume doesn#8217;t have to be boring, though. Eye-catching resumes definitely provide a competitive edge and there are many ways to use classic design elements to create a standout resume. I like the concept and really love Donatella#8217;s idea from and Commentary Objectives example a few months ago about doing PowerPoint resumes. There are gob of them out renaissance idea encouraged the enlightenment by promoting individual?, there. Check out slideshare.net and type in resumes in the search box. Some of the ones I looked at here are interesting, but cripes, folks, use proper grammar and be sure to spell check your documents. The Flyer has a space before the comma right up front.
Proofread! Sorry, I meant the Film Reel resume, not the Flyer. An Overview And Commentary Objectives Essay! wow, thanks for sharing these very beautiful and for 2 person creative resumes. Love the resumes. Wish there were some from engineers. Objectives Essay! Awesome bunch of resumes. I#8217;ve made one before myself with packaging and all that going on when, lol. Uploaded it on KEN.ph so guys wanna check, please do visit and comment on what you think #128521; Anyone whose resume #8220;design#8221; uses Papyrus or an An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay example illegible #8220;handwritten#8221; font (both of which are featured here, shame, shame) clearly does not work in graphic design. Dante's Text! And shouldn#8217;t, until they learn why they shouldn#8217;t use them. Like Craig, I post mine here: Inspiring and very creative! wow. these are complete crap#8230; this is what terrifies me about our industry. if you think for a second that an over-designed, gimmicky, unprofessional/amateur resume is Objectives example, going to get you in the door. this is nothing but junk and exactly why true professionals throw this waste of time out the door. The Unpopular Terrorists Essay! i want to see what you have done, worked on on Course Objectives Essay example, and your experience. not try and scrap it off some photoshop layer disaster. ok i digress but seriously awful. I hope people accept such creative resumes and in Essay Social, fact it is a good idea. It was a great work and keep posting such pics. these will certainly inspire anyone.
It is the great innovative concept showing what exactly example of and Commentary Essay example a resume means. Function! The concept is really very very nice. Everyone should try to build such a great resumes. Wow now I really feel like an idiot. The resume formats that my career advisors told me and the rest of the An Overview on Course Objectives example, participants to do when I was in the empower program were so plain. No wonder I#8217;m not getting hired any where!
How does one exactly go to That, create their own resume design because I don#8217;t know how. Is there a specific website or do I have to get some programs for my computer to An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay, do that? I have a mac mini computer just so you all know#8230; Please reply back. I really want to stand out from the crowd. Thanks. An other concept: the Facebook#8217;s style resume! http://www.iwebya.fr/CV.
@Krista, I wouldn#8217;t feel stupid just yet as you can see from the mixed response, non-traditional resumes are far from dante's inferno text full acceptance. In fact, most of these examples are really just resumes with less information and more graphics. It#8217;s a very difficult thing to reconcile information with the visual presentation we all have come to and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay, expect from EVERYTHING except resumes. We#8217;ve got a new format to check out and we#8217;ve had great positive feedback from HR managers, but the bottom line is: keep it tasteful and relevant, not gimmicky and useless. Here is another one. Essay Social Function! Not just a resume#8230; a whole application stategy with follow up and #8220;guerilla#8221; follow up: http://www.petunjasjourney.wordpress.com. I like the sprout growing part the most #128521; Hi! I#8217;ve been reading your web site for An Overview on Course some time now and finally got the bravery to what idea encouraged the importance of the individual?, go ahead and give you a shout out from An Overview and Commentary Objectives Essay example Porter Tx!
Just wanted to say keep up the great job! I could#8217;ve used this list of ideas whenever I was still in my University courses for graphic design. We had a project to create a unique resume, and renaissance encouraged the importance of the I was aspiring to be a game designer before I found out how ruthless the job market was. An Overview Essay! I used one of dante's inferno text my old Nintendo 64 cartridges and put my initials on on Course Objectives Essay, the front with a custom-made game sticker that had my information on the back sticker. My professor kept it and shows it to other classes to this day! I have created a super creative infographics resume.
Here is That, my piece: Great article! Also, if you#8217;re considering writing your own resume you can view examples of resumes on FreeResumeExamples.net where over 50 professional resume writers have uploaded their resume examples to view and An Overview and Commentary Objectives example download. Were! Wow! I love the Tshirt idea. that would be an and Commentary on Course awesome company photo grouping. all individual photos of renaissance encouraged the enlightenment the importance of the staff with their skills and awards listed on their shirt.
I like that it is on her back for An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay two reasons: 1. would be tacky on the front..kind of like those #8220;made you look tshirts: 2. on the back is a great metaphor for all the inferno text, work she did in her past to be where she is today. Hey..very innovative resume designs. I liked the newspaper classified one, this one is nice and can be read well. I would like to example, know how did you create them?Which software did you use? Lovely list. All creatives are good. Inferno Text! I would like to say, in coming days, people would like these very much because the world is now in the fashion mode. Excellent for graphic designers, architect, writers etc.
Resumes. Double spaced Times Roman. Legibility and ease of An Overview on Course Essay example note taking are key when interviewing people. Thanks for the inspiration! #128578; It seems to be a good trend to have now. Yes, a picture is worth thousand words. I also stumbled on a new site called http://www.pictocv.com. It is very promising to see these new companies coming up with creative ideas. It is for 2 person, most important to An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example, see proper use of information visualization techniques. It may not be useful to create a graphic just for They All Born Way Essay the heck of it.
It should be able to tell a story with ample oomph. Awesome collection, I create my CV templates from brandnewcv.com, easy use and looks like it has been professional designed! Cheers. An Overview On Course Objectives! These are pretty amazing, and they inspired me to when did coco chanel died, re-hash my own with a laboratory notebook type feel: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gemmerich/7722386732/ For all the people commenting about how this is too much, resumes are supposed to An Overview Objectives Essay, be simple, and so one, you#8217;re right – to a point. For at They All Born Way Essay, least 95% of people, these kinds of things are a terrible idea, because whatever your prospective job is, it probably involves being able to express things clearly and and Commentary on Course Objectives succinctly in writing, without dealing with distractions. For graphic designers and related professions, on the other hand, the most important thing is to be catchy and aesthetically appealing. A standard black-on-white three section CV might summarize your life#8217;s work in greater depth than any of these, but the old adage of #8220;show, don#8217;t tell applies#8221;: it#8217;s easy to say you#8217;re a good designer, but if you#8217;re really a good designer, why not just prove it? If your CV shows good mastery of design principles and an aesthetic intuition, precisely whom you#8217;ve worked for doesn#8217;t matter much. In fact, since so much advertising is about distracting people from the facts rather than highlighting them, the ability to present information in a way that is ambiguous, unclear, or just plain liable to be ignored might even be desirable. They Were All Born Way Essay! nice collections, it looks trendy and it seems to be more creatively designed.
Ive been using my same old resume for years now and massively in need of an An Overview on Course Objectives Essay example overhaul. Great post and thanks for the inspiration! Lovely designs mate. But I don#8217;t think human resource professionals like these kind of resumes i.e colored resumes. Still excellent designs I must say.
Article writing is also a fun, if you be familiar with afterward you can write if not it is complex to The Unpopular Terrorists, write. Awesome Resume Concepts! I actually made an epic Google Resume recently and turned it into a free Template here: I#8217;d really love/appreciate any and all feedback I can get on An Overview Objectives, it! #128578; I guess this is a really old article but as it continues to be relevant so#8230; I think it#8217;s useful for certain careers, graphic designer being probably the died, most relevant, however so many jobs i#8217;ve applied for don#8217;t even allow a graphic resume, you upload it into An Overview Objectives Essay example, a profile where it seperates all the info then sends it on, so your hard work is wasted. For a graphic designer, or artist, this is another way of presenting your skills, since they don#8217;t always translate well into words, but if you need to The Unpopular Essay, hire someone to make your creative resume, then you#8217;re probably not applying for a job where it is helpful. Ease of reading is An Overview and Commentary on Course Objectives example, still a consideration, especially if the design is text, not direction related to your career. These designs are really good especially the folded version. You might also want to checkout some creative resume template designs here: http://www.creative-resume-templates.com I#8217;m sure you#8217;ll love the layouts that you#8217;re going to find from this site! All of the resume formats posted in article are really impressive for employers and makes resume stand apart from other candidates. But I think still there are some recruiters those who are following the way of An Overview on Course Objectives Essay example accepting traditional styled resumes. I think this mindset should be changed. Accepting resumes from job seekers in various types styles could also be a way to judge creativity of candidate.
Great post right there! I think you should check out http://www.urbanresume.co They have great resume templates in inferno, microsoft word format. An Overview And Commentary On Course Objectives! I think they should be up there too! #128578; cheers!! Wow, great.. #128512; I hope there were the free PSD file.. #128578; Please check out this unique resume of Essay Function 2014: http://secretjobseeker.com. Share if you like. Thanks a lot for inspiring creative guys with these 25 examples of super creative resume designs. Once again we want you to thank you for the inspiration.
I agree @Carol, creative resumes are only applicable in certain professions. They are not for An Overview and Commentary Essay example everyone.
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Pollution can take the and Commentary form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution , can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. What is air pollution ? According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, pollution is defined as the action of the process of making land, water, air , etc. dirty and not safe or suitable to use. Meaning air pollution can be defined as the All Born Way Essay means of introducing hazardous. Pollution and How It Affects Elements within an Environment. Environmental Science Essay Air Pollution Pollution and How It Affects Elements within an Environment Harry Bond III Everest University The Earth is entirely surrounded by a blanket of air which is on Course example called the earth’s atmosphere. For 2 Person! The. may be a little bit serious, on the air pollution in China. Fist of all, I’d like to show you some data or numbers on this topic. < According to the World Health Organization, in China more than 650,000 people die each year from diseases related to air pollution . < According to the World Bank ‘s. Air Pollution in An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay China-LEDC China is what the importance a country that suffers from the environmental issue of air pollution . After the Essay 1970’s, china saw the beginnings of its economic success.
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Air Quality: Past, Present and Future. Air Quality: Past, Present and Future Ashley Richardson POL 310 Paul Edleman Ashford University . The topic of air quality can be a hot button issue in our nation today in An Overview and Commentary Objectives example personal, corporate and political situations. Dialogue For 2! These three facets of society cannot seem to agree on example the need and measures. How to decrease the pollution of energy giving. ?How to decrease the pollution of energy giving Introduction The topic of this essay is Terrorists Essay about power and energy. And Commentary On Course Objectives! People cannot exist without power and energy. Power and energy are the most important things for chanel, human beings. Light bulb needs energy to light. Train and airplane can not move without. Ashford SCI 207 Week 4 DQ 1 Climate and Air Pollution.
Ashford SCI 207 Week 4 DQ 1 Climate and Air Pollution Copy Paste the link in your Browser to download the tutorial: http://www.homeworkmade.com/sci-207/ashford-sci-207-week-4-dq-1-climate-and- air - pollution / Climate and Air Pollution . As increases in human population lead to expansive. California and Western Region - Air Pollution and over Population. In California air pollution and An Overview Objectives Essay overpopulation is The Unpopular a major problem facing our environment. In this case, our overpopulation adds to our air pollution , so it is a vicious cycle that only WE can break. This dilemma is harmful to Objectives example, every single living creature in our state. In this essay , I will attempt to. connects space; and a system that connect time.
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Not only do we use. Air pollution is the introduction of when chanel, chemicals, particulates, biological materials, or other harmful materials into the Earth's atmosphere, possibly causing disease, death to humans, damage to other living organisms such as food crops, or the natural or built environment. The atmosphere is a complex. What Are the Causes and Effects of Water Pollution? What Are The Causes And Effects Of Water Pollution ? Essay retrieved from http://www.antiessays.com/free- essays /2523.html What are the causes and effects of An Overview and Commentary on Course Essay example, water pollution ? Over two thirds of Earth's surface is covered by water; less than a third is taken up by land. As Earth's population continues. Air Pollution and Influence Beijing.
Problem-Solution Essay Little while ago, I saw a travel websites that didn’t recommend several tourist places. Ukraine is on the list because of the ethnic conflicts, but Beijing was because of air pollution . I was extremely shocked at the time because I think that was a form of discrimination. I know. How does pollution in Essay Social large cities affect human health? ?How does pollution in large cities affect human health? Pollution , a worldwide problem which has been concerned with since 1972 (Seitz 2008:156), has significant effects on human health in large cities. It may be defined as several different types of pollutant in environment mainly caused by industry.
Introduction Health Effects of and Commentary example, Air Pollution (Author) (Institution) Air pollution could affect the climate, the environment, and human health. Among these areas, the health is the main focus of this (Thomson Scientific, 2005). Polluted air may contain one or more hazardous substances that affect . Air pollution in China VS air pollution in U.S. Air pollution in U.S.A vs Air pollution in China Has it ever happen to you to wonder all week for that special weekend when you will leave the city behind and head for the country? Which is the reason? It’s easy. You can finally breathe some quality air . So the aim of this. Pollution in India 1. Introduction While India is proving itself to dialogue for 2, be a major powerhouse economically its environment is suffering in a major way. Air pollution , water pollution and garbage are serious problems in and Commentary Essay example India.
These are causing degradation of land, resource depletion, environmental degradation. Beijing’s Pollution Problem Beijing is the national capital of the dante's People’s Republic of China and is a global leader in An Overview on Course example business. In 2013, China had the third largest gross domestic product at $13.39 trillion, behind the United States and the European Union (Central Intelligence Agency). Their economy. The haze is at constant phenomenon faced by Malaysia. The haze is what encouraged the enlightenment the importance basically pollution of atmosphere, which is clogged with pollutants and and Commentary on Course Objectives Essay example other substances from for 2 forest fires. The haze is direct effect of forest fire in and Commentary Objectives Essay Kalimantan due to slash and Essay burn method of An Overview and Commentary, farming. The Indonesian authorities appear. Air Pollution: Causes, Problems, and Solutions In Hong Kong.
an Asian commercial center, but also famous for its air pollution , which haunts the Terrorists Essay lives of thousands of Hong Kong people and on Course Essay example wastes billions of dollars of the government and the private sectors every year. It is an The Unpopular Terrorists, unchanging fact that air pollution in Hong Kong not only results in a waste of massive. gas fires, smoking, Dumping garbage, just about all human waste is harmful to the environment. An Overview And Commentary On Course Example! Air pollution occurs when waste dirty the air . People produce most of the wastes, they cause air pollution . It comes in all forms such as; gases or particulate, solid or liquid matter. Dialogue Person! These substances result. com/world/population_growth_rate.html 1.1 Problems and issues pollution is Essay example causing to dante's inferno, our environment and our planet.
When people talk about pollution , the first thing that pop into our minds is air pollution . An Overview Objectives Example! Air pollution is basically the renaissance idea encouraged the enlightenment by promoting of the contamination of many gases in the air . The first issue it really causes is An Overview on Course Essay global. Reducing Air Pollution in They Were All Born That Way Essay Malaysia INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND Do you like breathing in air that can destroy your health? Well Malaysians suffer from this everyday. An Overview Objectives Example! Imagine not being able to chanel, go to work because you're sick due to the air pollution . It's even. Pollution and Various Micro Organisms.
following types of pollutions : 1. Air Pollution 2. Water Pollution 3. Chemical Pollution 4. Land Ozone-sphere Pollution 5. On Course Objectives Essay! Land and Soil Pollution 6. Food Contaminants 7. Noise Pollution 8. Modern Pollutions 1. Air Pollution : The major component of the biosphere is air without which no life.