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Resumen de la Revolucion Francesa Causas y Consecuencias. Causas, Desarrollo y Consecuencias. La Revolucion Francesa fue el cambio social y politico mas importante que se produjo en Europa, a fines del siglo XVIII. History Of The Essay! No fue solo importante para Francia, sino que sirvio de ejemplo para otros paises , en donde se desataron conflictos sociales similares, en contra de un regimen anacronico y opresor, como era la monarquia. In 19th Society! Esta revolucion significo el triunfo de un pueblo pobre, oprimido y cansado de las injusticias, sobre los privilegios de la nobleza feudal y del estado absolutista. Durante el reinado de Luis XIV (1643-1715) (foto), Francia se hallaba bajo el dominio de una monarquia absolutista, el poder de rey y de la nobleza era la base de este regimen, pero en realidad el estado se encontraba en una situacion economica bastante precaria, que se agravo por el mal gobierno de Luis XV (bisnieto de Luis XIV), y que toco fondo durante el reinado de Luis XVI, gobernante bien intencionado, pero de caracter debil, por lo que se lo llamaba el buen Luis. Pintura Sobre Las Luchas Durante La Revolucion Francesa.

Los gastos militares y un lustro de malas cosechas crearon una gravisima situacion social. History Of The Essay! La mayoria de la poblacion se vio en la miseria mientras el lujo y el despilfarro del rey y la nobleza continuaban como si nada. Essay On Anti-Chinese Sentiment In 19th American Society! Luis XVI se nego a realizar cualquier tipo de reforma y defendio los privilegios de la aristocracia frente al hambre de sus subditos, que se estaban hartando de la injusticia. Fuente Consultada: Felipe Pigna. El mantenimiento de un estado absolutista demandaba mucho dinero, ya que: * Existia un gran numero de funcionarios en el gobierno y cada uno buscaba su propio beneficio. * Se tenia que mantener un gran ejercito permanente. * La corte vivia rodeada de lujos. Algunos ministros de Hacienda trataron de encontrar una solucion a esta crisis, pero sus medidas solo complicaron mas la situacion. En envio de tropas a America de Norte, para defender su posiciones territoriales, antes el avance de gobierno ingles, en la guerra de los Estados Unidos. Essay! Consecuentemente la monarquia se endeudo mucho mas. Se recurrio al tradicional intento de aumentar los impuestos. On Anti-Chinese Century American Society! Se trato de conseguir que la nobleza tambien aporte su correspondiente diezmo, medida que provoco la ira y oposicion de esta ultima clase social, que estaba dispuesta a defender sus privilegios feudales, hasta el punto de enfrentar la monarquia.

Para que no se empeorara su situacion economica la nobleza trato de acaparar mas cargos en la burocracia estatal, y ademas, aumento la explotacion de los campesinos que trabajaban en sus tierras, exigiendoles mayores contribuciones. a- La economia del pais estaba arruinada. b- Los nobles consecuentemente sufrian dramas financieros. c- El clero no recibia el diezmo por parte del pueblo. d- La burguesia queria acceder a cargos publicos. e- Los campesinos estaban cansados del poder feudal. La sociedad estaba compuesta por tres sectores sociales llamados estados. El primer estado era la Iglesia; sumaba unas 120.000 personas, poseia el 10% de las guerras de Francia y no pagaba impuestos. Of The Eiffel Tower! Recibia de los campesinos el diezmo, es decirla decima parte del producto de sus cosechas.

Solo la Iglesia podia legalizar casamientos, nacimientos y defunciones, y la educacion estaba en sus manos. Poem Howl! El segundo estado era la nobleza, integrada por unas 350.000personas. History Of The Eiffel Tower! Duenos del 30 % de las tierras, los nobles estaban eximidos de la mayoria de los impuestos y ocupaban todos los cargos publicos. Love Canal And After! Los campesinos les pagaban tributo y solo podian venderles sus cosechas a ellos. History Tower! Tenian tribunales propios, es decir que se juzgaban a si mismos. El tercer estado comprendia al 98% de la poblacion, y su composicion era muy variada. Essay In 19th Society! Por un lado estaba la burguesia, formada por los ricos financistas y banqueros que hacian negocios con el estado; los artesanos, funcionarios menores y comerciantes.

Por otra parte, existian campesinos libres, muy pequenos propietarios, arrendatarios y jornaleros. History Of The! El proletariado urbano vivia de trabajos artesanales y tareas domesticas. Martyr Def! Finalmente estaban los siervos, que debian trabajo y obediencia a sus senores. Of The Eiffel Tower! El tercer estado carecia de poder y decision politica, pero pagaba todos los impuestos, hacia los peores trabajos y no tenia ningun derecho. Martyr Def! La burguesia necesitaba tener acceso al poder y manejar un estado centralizado que protegiera e impulsara sus actividades economicas, tal como venia ocurriendo en Inglaterra. Viendo la dificil situacion economica que se asomaba, la nobleza exigio que se llamara a Estados Generales, para el tratamiento de una ley de impuestos. Eiffel Essay! La monarquia practicamente arruinada economicamente y sin el apoyo de gran parte de la nobleza, estaba en la ruina. Cuando se reunieron en los Estados Generales (1789), la situacion de Francia estaba sumamente comprometida, ya que el pueblo no soportaba mas tan penosa vida, y existia un gran descontento social.

Como se dijo, las clases sociales existentes en ese momento eran: la nobleza, el clero y la burguesia, pero al contar los votos de la nobleza y del clero, que pertenecian a un estamento privilegiado, superaban en numero a la burguesia, y por lo tanto siempre se tomaban las decisiones que a esta sector le convenia. Martyr Def! Solucionado este sistema de conteo, el tercer estamento (la burguesia) pudo tomar el control de la situacion, y comenzo a sesionar como Asamblea Nacional, y juraron solemnemente que esta no se disolveria hasta tanto no se logre conformar una Constitucion Nacional. En 14 de Julio de 1789, la burguesia se vio apoyada por un gran sector explotado por la nobleza, los campesinos, que en medio de una agitada multitud revolucionaria formada por hombres y mujeres, saturados de injusticias y de hambre, se dirigen violentamente a la Bastilla, simbolo del regimen absolutista, donde funcionaba como carcel de los opositores al sistema de gobierno, y toman la toman por la fuerza. History Of The Eiffel! Esta demostracion atemorizo a los partidarios del antiguo sistema, y sirvio para inclinar la balanza en favor de los revolucionarios, desplazando asi del poder a los nobles y partidarios del absolutismo. Paralelamente se produjo en las zonas rurales levantamientos de los campesinos contra los senores feudales, lo cuales fueron asesinados, y sus castillos saqueados e incendiados. About Tear The Curtain! A este movimiento social por la justicia y fraternidad de los hombres en 1789, se lo conoce como el Gran Miedo . La Asamblea Nacional estaba formada por la burguesia, que inicialmente para luchar contra la monarquia, lo hizo en forma unificada, pero en realidad la burguesia no era una clase social homogenea, sino que estaba dividida en la alta burguesia banqueros, financistas, comerciantes, propietarios- y en la baja burguesia formada por los profesionales (abogados y medicos), pequenos comerciantes y duenos de talleres. Cuando llego el momento de decidir por la forma de gobierno, la alta burguesia apoyo a los girondinos , oriundos de la provincia de La Gironda, que querian llegar a un acuerdo con la monarquia e instaurar una monarquia constitucional, es decir, tenia una actitud moderadora respecto a los cambios politicos. Por otro lado estaban los jacobinos , que tenian ideas mas revolucionarias y de cambios radicales, con tendencia a la instauracion de una republica democratica, con derechos a la participacion politica y con la aplicacion de medidas mas equitativas para la reparticion de la riqueza y la lucha contra el hambre popular.

Dicho nombre proviene de que se reunian en asambleas, llamadas clubes , en un convento ubicado sobre la calle San Jacobo. Los diputados de la asamblea, decidieron eliminar los privilegios de la nobleza, se les obligo a pagar impuestos y se elimino el diezmo a la Iglesia. Essay! Pocos dias despues la asamblea dicta la Declaracion de los Derechos del Hombre y el Ciudadano , esta proclama se transformo en la sintesis de las ideas revolucionarias, basadas en tres banderas: igualdad, fraternidad y libertad. Les interesaba la libertad para comerciar, la defensa de la propiedad privada y la igualdad de los ciudadanos ante la ley. El 3 de Septiembre de 1789, se proclamo la Constitucion de caracter moderado, en donde la alta burguesia habia logrado prevalecer sus ideales, de negociar con el antiguo regimen, quedando a cargo del poder ejecutivo el rey (Luis XVI), el poder legislativo lo ejercio una asamblea formada por la burguesia y el poder judicial, se compuso de jueces electos. Ginsberg’s Poem! Se establecio que solo podian votar aquellos que pagaban ciertos impuestos, y de esta manera se pone en evidencia que las banderas de igualdad proclamada por los revolucionarios tenia ciertas limitaciones. La nobleza de esta manera se vio con sus poderes recortados, lo que los motivo a tratar de crear alianzas y buscar apoyos en otros paises con gobiernos absolutista, y de paso tratar de evitar que estos movimientos se expandan a otros reinos, y para ello no habia mas remedio que la guerra.

Paises como Austria y Prusia, atacaron a los franceses en los limites de su territorio y lograron contenerlos, pero los cuidados que tuvieron los paises limitrofes con Luis XVI, hicieron evidente de la alianza que existia entre este y la intervencion extranjera, de esta manera el pueblo frances destrono al rey, y luego se lo decapito. Of The Tower Essay! Mas tarde fue ejecutada su mujer: Maria Antonieta . Martyr Def! La asamblea nacional fue desplazada y un nuevo cuerpo de representantes reunidos en una Convencion , comenzo a dirigir el nuevo gobierno republicano, liderado por la baja burguesia, dependiente del partido jacobino. El cambio de mayor importancia es que ahora los representantes podian ser elegidos mediante el sufragio universal, permitiendo una mayor participacion de sectores humildes y populares, llamados sans culottes (sin calzones).Desde 1792 los jacobinos lograron el control de la Convencion, y sus principales activistas fueron: Danton, Robespierre, Marat y Saint Just. La republica jacobina en el plano exterior debio frenar el avance de los ejercitos extranjeros, en el plano interior debio combatir la aristocracia, y terminar con la resistencia de los girondinos, que se oponian a la nueva forma de gobierno. Essay! Para tomar mejor partido de su control, los jacobinos hicieron alianzas con los sans-culottes, y durante 1793, se creo una institucion destinada a establecer un rigido control de los opositores, y castigarlos duramente y aplicar la pena de muerte a todos aquellos que no apoyaban el sistema de gobierno republicano. Of Homework! Este instrumento fue dirigido en persona por Robespierre . Of The Eiffel Essay! Se trataba de mantener dominados a sus opositores, a traves del miedo, por lo que se lo llamo: El terror revolucionario. El gobierno revolucionario de 1793: Durante la guerra, en el interior de Francia hubo levantamientos organizados por partidarios de la monarquia y por grupos opuestos a la Constitucion civil del clero.

Ante la emergencia, la Convencion decidio crear varias instituciones que tendrian a cargo el gobierno del pais en la grave situacion: EL COMITE DE SALVACION PUBLICA: Integrado por nueve miembros con amplios poderes de gobierno. EL COMITE DE SEGURIDAD GENERAL: Con atribuciones de policia y seguridad interna. Sentiment In 19th American Society! Se dedicaba a investigar el comportamiento de los supuestos enemigos de la Revolucion. EL TRIBUNAL REVOLUCIONARIO: Con extensos poderes judiciales.

La medidas tomadas por la Convencion no pudieron atender a todas las exigencias del sector popular, que seguian sufriendo la crisis economica. Of The Tower! Se trato de llevar un control de precios para los alimentos basicos, aplicando severa penas a quienes no las acataban, pero no se logro el efecto deseado, lo que llevo al sector de los sans-culottes a romper su alianza con los jacobinos, creando una fisura y debilidad al partido gobernante. Robespierre: Con Robespierre al frente, se establecio un gobierno revolucionario, el Comite de Salvacion Publica , que suspendio algunas garantias constitucionales, mientras la situacion de guerra pusiera en peligro la Revolucion, y se utilizo el Terror, un estado de excepcion, para perseguir, detener y, en su caso, guillotinar a los sospechosos de actividades contrarrevolucionarias. Essay On Allan Poem Howl! Ante la guerra y la crisis economica se tomaron toda una serie de medidas para favorecer a las clases populares y que fueron signo del nuevo caracter social de la Republica. La venta en pequenos lotes de los bienes expropiados a la nobleza para que pudieran ser adquiridos por los campesinos. Ley que fijaba el precio maximo de los articulos de primera necesidad y la reglamentacion de los salarios. Persecucion de los especuladores, confiscacion de sus bienes y distribucion de ellos entre los pobres.

Obligatoriedad y gratuidad de la ensenanza primaria, prohibicion de la mendicidad, atencion a los enfermos, a los ninos y a los ancianos. Proceso de descristianizacion , que comporto la sustitucion del calendario cristiano por el que se iniciaba con la proclamacion de la Republica y la sustitucion del culto catolico por un culto civico; el de la razon. Las reformas de Robespierre concitaron muy pronto la oposicion de la mayor parte de la burguesia, que veia peligrar sus propiedades. Of The Tower! Por otro lado, su forma de gobernar, dictatorial, desagradaba a muchos porque a cualquier critica se respondia con la detencion y la muerte. Essay About Tear! Cuando la guerra dejo de ser un problema y las victorias del ejercito republicano garantizaban la estabilidad de la Republica, gran parte de los diputados de la Convencion se pusieron de acuerdo para dictar una orden de detencion contra Robespierre , que fue guillotinado el 28 de julio de 1794 . Conociendo la debilidad de este gobierno, la alta burguesia aprovechando la situacion, y deseosos de terminar con los excesos del populacho en Julio de 1794, produjeron un golpe de estado, desplazando la republica y creando un Directorio , que para lograr su autoridad se apoyaron en los militares. Essay! Los lideres de la Convencion fueron guillotinados. El Directorio, elimino la libertad politica de votar a los mas humildes, se elimino el control de precios y se tomaron medidas que favorecieron a los comerciantes y especuladores. Tear Down! Este nuevo regimen, el Directorio, fue contestado tanto por los realistas, partidarios de volver al Antiguo Regimen, como por las clases populares, decepcionadas por el nuevo rumbo politico. History Of The Eiffel! Asi, el sistema fue evolucionando hacia un autoritarismo, que acabo por recurrir al ejercito y entregarle el poder. Martyr Def! De todas maneras, el sector popular siguio pasando por las misma penurias de siempre y miseras condiciones de vida. Entre los militares que apoyaban al Directorio, se encontraba Napoleon Bonaparte, que no tardo en hacerse del poder, mediante un golpe militar, aprovechando el gran prestigio que se habia ganado en las diversas victorias militares en otros paises.

En 1799 se apodero del gobierno se Francia, y se corono como Primer Consul , concentrando cada vez mas poder, hasta llegar a emperador en 1804. History Tower! Con el tiempo la burguesia lo apoyo, ya que conservo muchos de los principios declarados en la Constitucion, especialmente aquellos que beneficiaban a la burguesia mas acomodada. Essay On Allan Ginsberg’s! A su vez estos lo apoyaban, porque evitaban el regreso de la republica jacobina y del antiguo regimen aristocratico. Consecuencias de la Revolucion Francesa. 1-Se destruyo el sistema feudal. 2-Se dio un fuerte golpe a la monarquia absoluta. 3-Surgio la creacion de una Republica de corte liberal. 4-Se difundio la declaracion de los Derechos del hombre y los Ciudadanos. 5-La separacion de la Iglesia y del Estado en 1794 fue un antecedente para separar la religion de la politica en otras partes del mundo.

6-La burguesia amplio cada vez mas su influencia en Europa. 7-Se difundieron ideas democraticas. 8-Los derechos y privilegios de los senores feudales fueron anulados. 9-Comenzaron a surgir ideas de independencia en las colonias iberoamericanas. 10-Se fomentaron los movimientos nacionalistas. SOBRE EL TERROR REVOLUCIONARIO. Comandado por habiles generales, el ejercito revolucionario logro rechazar al enemigo: el 20 de setiembre de 1792, derroto a los prusianos en Valmy, obligandolos a abandonar Francia, y el 6 de noviembre traspuso la frontera e invadio Belgica. El mismo dia en que llego a Paris la noticia de la gran victoria, de Valmy, el gobierno revolucionario proclamo la Republica. Un mes mas tarde, Luis XVI fue condenado a muerte como reo de conspiracion contra la libertad de la nacion y de atentado contra la seguridad del Estado. History Eiffel Tower! El 21 de enero de 1793, murio guillotinado en Paris, en la Plaza de la Revolucion (actual Plaza de la Concordia). La muerte del rey produjo la reaccion inmediata de los mas poderosos monarcas europeos.

Espana, Holanda, Portugal, Rusia e Inglaterra se unieron a Austria y Prusia en su guerra contra Francia. La situacion se torno de pronto muy grave. Essay! Mientras Francia se hallaba amenazada por el avance de tropas enemigas, una parte del pueblo comenzo a dar senales de hostilidad hacia los revolucionarios, acusandolos de haber provocado el ataque de las naciones europeas al dar muerte al rey. Of The Eiffel Tower Essay! En Lyon, en el mismo Paris y especialmente en la Vandee, el pueblo se sublevo. Los revolucionarios mas decididos resolvieron proceder con rigor extremo: instituyeron el Comite de Salud Publica, bajo las ordenes de Maximiliano Robespierre, con la mision de condenar a muerte a todos los sospechosos de no adherirse a los principios de la Revolucion. En un ano, a partir de julio de 1793, Robespierre envio a la guillotina a miliares de personas, sin entablarles proceso alguno. Essay! Este periodo se conoce con el nombre de El Terror. La inaudita ferocidad de Robespierre acabo por disgustar a ?os mismos revolucionarios: el27 de julio de 1794, muchos de ellos se rebelaron contra el sanguinario dictador, que fue detenido y enviado a la guillotina, juntamente con sus mas crueles subalternos.

Asi, con la muerte de Robespierre, el poder pase a manos de hombres decididos a hacer triunfar los principios de la Revolucion, sin dejarse llevar por excesos de violencia. History Of The Eiffel! En 1795, brindaron finalmente a Francia una Constitucion que respetaba plenamente los derechos del hombre y del ciudadano, votados en 1789 por la Asamblea Constituyente. Essay On Ginsberg’s Poem! Prescindiendo de los deplorables actos de violencia, debe reconocerse que la Revolucion logre mejorar considerablemente las condiciones politicas y sociales de Francia: 1) Fue abolido el absolutismo monarquico (e! pueblo pudo hacer valer su voluntad a traves de sus representantes). 2) Fueron reducidos los privilegios de que gozaban los nobles y el clero. 3) Fue proclamada la igualdad de todos los ciudadanos ante la ley. La Revolucion Francesa consiguio hacer triunfar los principios que habrian de cambiar radicalmente las condiciones sociales de la epoca. OTROS TEMAS EN ESTE SITIO.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is of the Eiffel Essay, called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for martyr def your answer with reasons and History Eiffel Essay, evidence. Why do people do that? Why does this happen? Why is this a trend? Why does it occur? What causes people to quotes develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to History Essay rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents?

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What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to be petted? Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop?

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Why did Japan attack the U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war? Why is it important to Century American study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to Eiffel Tower get some ideas of possible answers. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. Martyr Def. However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for the title. Your answer to the question will be the thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by Eiffel Tower interesting your reader in The Benefits of Homework, the topic and describing the situation or effect. See the chart for easy introduction and of the Eiffel Tower, conclusion ideas. The end of your introduction will be your cause question and thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in The Benefits of Homework, your essay, add a because followed by History Eiffel Essay the three reasons you will give in the body of your essay.

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Use your keywords in the body of the History Eiffel Tower Essay, paper where appropriate. Ensure that abstracts are complete, such that they include a clear definition of the problem, methods, and results. Both titles and abstracts provide information for contemporary alerting and information retrieval services , and should therefore be informative but brief. Titles are also the most heavily weighted element of a paper for online search engines and should therefore contain important descriptive phrases that relate to the topic. In compliance with a request from the Chemical Abstracts Service, the Editors urge all authors to use full forenames rather than initials and (or) one forename. Authors are encouraged to include uniform resource locators (URLs) and digital object identifiers (DOIs) to enable readers to find material on Essay Sentiment Society, the Web. URLs and DOIs for references cited should be placed after the reference in the reference list; other URLs and DOIs should be placed in context in the text. An abstract is History Eiffel Essay, required for every contribution and Essay, should contain accurate descriptive words that will draw the reader to the content.

Its content is particularly important for alerting services, search engines , and for readers who scan the abstract to decide whether to download and read the rest of the paper. The abstract should be well written and contain three to four descriptive keyword phrases that will draw the reader to the content. Because search engines look for duplication of terms, repeating keyword phrases in the title and abstract increases the chance that a paper will be found during an History Eiffel, online search; care should be taken, however, because excessive repetition of a term can cause a search engine to reject a Web page. Essay? The abstract should state the academic rationale (purpose) of the work, the of the Eiffel Tower Essay, design and methods used in the study, key results and trends, and lastly implications and conclusions of your work. The abstract should not be more than 150 words (shorter for notes), and on a separate page. The concise abstract should present the paper content accurately and should supplement, not duplicate, the title in this respect. References should not be cited in the abstract. Key words should not exceed 10 and should be placed directly below the billy quotes, abstract.

Ideally, all key words used will be referenced in the Thesaurus of Engineering and Scientific Terms , published by History Tower Essay the American Association of Engineering Societies, Washington, D.C. Authors are encouraged to submit a graphical abstract with their manuscripts. Sentiment Society? The purpose of a graphical abstract is to visually describe a concept or finding from the paper to entice readers and encourage understanding of the main message of the paper. The graphical abstract may consist of an illustration, diagram, equation, or other informative visual that serves to explain the subject of the article. Graphical abstracts appear online only. Footnotes to material in the text should not be used unless they are unavoidable, but their use is encouraged in tables. Eiffel Tower? Where used in canal before and after the text, footnotes should be cited in the manuscript by superscript Arabic numbers (except in the tables, see below) and should be numbered serially beginning with any that appear on the title page.

Each footnote should be typed on the manuscript page upon which the Essay, reference is made; footnotes should not be included in the list of references . References to nonrefereed documents (e.g., contract reports) must include the address where they can be obtained. Examples of types of references, including electronic references. The following bibliographic citations illustrate the punctuation, style, and in 19th Century, abbreviations for History Eiffel Tower references. Redwood, R.G., and Jain, A.K. 1992. Code provisions for seismic design for concentrically braced steel frames.

Canadian Journal of The Benefits of Homework Civil Engineering, 19 (6): 10251031. Journal article available online only (with URL): van der Sanden, J.J., and Hoekman. D.H. 2005. Review of History Eiffel relationships between grey-tone co-occurrence, semivariance, and canal before, autocorrelation based image texture analysis approaches. Canadian Journal of of the Remote Sensing, 31 (3): 207213. Available from [accessed 9 September 2005].

Journal article available online only (with DOI): van der Sanden, J.J., and Hoekman. D.H. 2005. Review of relationships between grey-tone co-occurrence, semivariance, and autocorrelation based image texture analysis approaches. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 31 (3): 207213. doi:10.1139/rs03-011. Sanders, W.W., Jr., and Elleby, H.A. 1970. Distribution of wheel loads in highway bridges.

National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 83, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Williams, R.A. 1987. Communication systems analysis and design. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J. Healey, M.C.

1980. The ecology of juvenile salmon in Essay Ginsberg’s poem Georgia Strait, British Columbia. In Salmonid ecosystems of the North Pacific. Edited by W.J. McNeil and of the Tower, D.C. Himsworth. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oreg. pp. Sentiment Society? 203229. Hardin, B.O. 1978. The nature of stressstrain behaviour for of the Eiffel Tower Essay soils.

State-of-the-art report. In Proceedings of the Specialty Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Essay Sentiment in 19th, Soil Dynamics, Pasadena, Calif., 1921 June 1978. American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, pp. 390. Institutional publications and pamphlets:

Dzikowski, P.A., Kirby, G., Read, G., and History of the Eiffel Tower Essay, Richards, W.G. 1984. The climate for Essay Sentiment in 19th agriculture in Atlantic Canada. Available from the Atlantic Advisory Committee on Agrometeorology, Halifax, N.S. Publ. ACA 84-2-500. Agdex No.

070. American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and Water Pollution Control Federation. 1975. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 14th ed. History Of The Eiffel Tower? American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and love and after, Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, D.C. Keller, C.P. 1987. The role of polysaccharidases in acid wall loosening of epidermal tissue from young Phaseolus vulgaris L. hypocotyls. M.Sc. thesis, Department of Botany, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.

Quinion, M.B. Eiffel? 1998. Citing online sources: advice on online citation formats. Essay On Anti-Chinese In 19th Century? Available from [cited 20 October 2005]. Tremblay, R. History Of The Eiffel Tower? 1998.

Development of design spectra for long-duration ground motions from Cascadia subduction earthquakes. Essay On? Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 25 (6): 10781090. Available from [accessed 20 October 2005]. Tremblay, R. 1998. Development of design spectra for History of the Eiffel Tower Essay long-duration ground motions from Cascadia subduction earthquakes. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 25 (6): 10781090. Martyr Def? doi:10.1139/L04-079. Tables must be typed on separate pages, placed after the list of Tower Essay references, and numbered using Arabic numerals in the order cited in the text. The title of the table should be a concise description of the canal before and after, content. Column headings should be brief, but may be amplified by footnotes.

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