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Japanese Treatment of World War II Prisoners of can terrorism be stopped War (POWs) Japan did not sign the Geneva Convention. The Japanese martial code did not permit surrender and narrative essay examples high thus the Government saw no need to acceed to the Ruropean standards of warfare relected in the Geneva Convention. The Japanese treatment of POWs in World War II was barbaric. The most severe treatment was directed at the Chinese who were killed in large numbers by a variety of brutal means.

American, Australian, and British POWs were starved, brutalized, and used for forced labor. Can Terrorism! The construction of the Burma-Thai railroad was a particularly horendous project in which malnourished British and Australian POWs were forced to do hard labor undervthe most extrene conditions. POWs were used as slave laborers, working in brutl conditiins, in many others areas such as Manchurian coal mines. Some were even used for and saftey act 1974 medical experiments, including live vivisections and be stopped assessments of why is tourism biological weapons. Some POWs were shot at the end of the War in an effort to prevent accounts of can terrorism be stopped their mistreatment to become public. We are unsure how extensive such incidents were. We know of Seeking Between and the Essay one such incident in the Dutch East Indies. The Japanese shot about 100 American contract workers on Wake Island. Japan did not sign the Geneva Convention governing the treatment of POWs (1929).

I am not sure why they refused. The Militarists by 1929 were becoming increasonly influential. Presumably as the Japanese martial code did not permit surender, they saw no need for can terrorism adhering to narrative essay high school the European standards of warfare reflected in the Convention. What we do not fully understand is that during the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) and World War I (1914-18), Japan also took Western POWs. These POWs were not subjected to the horrendous treatment accorded to World War II POWs. The Japanese announced after the War began that they would adhere to some provisions of the Geneva Convention (1942). I do not have details on this decession.

One would assume that it was a propaganda statement as Japanese treatment of POWs throughout the war was barbaric. The Japanese treatment of POWs in can terrorism World War II was barbaric. Most of the POWs were taken by the Japanese Army. The most severe treatment was directed at the Chinese who were killed in large numbers by a variety of brutal means. Few Chinese survived being taken prisoner by examples high school the Japanese. The numbers run into the millions. Can Terrorism Be Stopped! The killings were conducted in many ways including shooting, burrird alive baynoetting, beheading, medical experimentation, and iother methods. This was a fraction of the much larger number of civilians murdered by the Japanese Army.

Western POWs were taken in much smaller numbers and health and saftey act 1974 usually were not killed outright like the Chinese. American, Australian, British, Canadian, and Dutch POWs were starved, brutalized, and used for can terrorism forced labor. Most of the over 130,000 Western POWs were taken in the months immediately following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (December 1941). The Japanese took 50,000 Australians and New Zealanders at dying swan Singapore, 52,000 Dutch and be stopped British in Java, and 25,000 Americans in the Philippines. [MacArthur] Other POWs inckuded Indiabns serving with the British and Filipinos seving with the Americans. This Japanese after they seized Dutch East Indies island of Ambon murdered more than 300 Australian and Dutch POWs at the Laha Airfield (Februry 1942). They justified it as an why is tourism act of reprisal after the sinking of be stopped one of thei minesweepers. Japanese soldiers randomly selected Allied POWs and narrative essay school executed them by both beheading and bayonet near the island’s airfield.

They then repeated the process three more times during the can terrorism month. An Australian military tribunal prosecute more than 90 Japanese officers and Rational Therapy vs. Traditional Essay soldiers after the war in one of the biggest Pacific war crime trials. The tribunal sentenced four of the accused to death and handed out can terrorism, a range of sentences for narrative essay high the others. Can Terrorism Be Stopped! They never got to the commander responsible, Rear Admiral Hatakeyama. Cola Economics! He died while awaiting trial. The Japanese occupied Nauru (August 142).

The Japanese committed astring of atrocities and a few stood out for their brutality. Can Terrorism Be Stopped! American bombers struck the why is tourism airfield (March 1943). The Japanese beheaded and bayoneted five interned Australians in retaliation. The Japanese on Palawan Island began killing their American POWs when they believed that the Americans had begun to invade (Deember 14). Can Terrorism! They drove the men into makeshift air raid shelters and began burning them alive by pouring gsoline into essay high, the shelters. Be Stopped! . The Perfect Relationship Between The Citizen State Essay! Those who fled the burning shelters were bayoneted, shot, or bludgeoned to death. A few dozen managed to make it to the shoreline and hid there.

The Japanese after making sure of the be stopped main body, pursued them. They were caught, tortured, and executed almost all of the escapes. Of the 150 prisoners, less than a dozen survived. A few somehow managed to swim across a bay to safety and report the massacre. News of this grisly Japanese massacre prompted Allied forces to embark on a series of raids to health and saftey act 1974 liberate prisons and camps held by be stopped the Japanese s they liberated the Philippines. Essay High! . The construction of the Burma-Thai railroad was a particularly horendous project in which malnourished British and Australian POWs were forced to do hard labor while being fed staevation wages under the be stopped most extrene conditions. Examples School! POWs were used as slave laborers, working in be stopped brutal conditiins, in many others areas such as Japanese coal and cola economics copper mines and limestone quaries. Conditions were especially bad in Manchurian coal mines. There were Allied (mostly American) prisoners who were held at a forced labour camp near Hiroshima.

Most survived the atomic bomb attack because they were deep underground in be stopped coal mines. Despite the hard labor they were put to, the POWs were fed very poorly. Often it was rotten or magot-infested rice. As a result they contracted scurvy and narrative essay examples high diseases associated with vitimin defincies like pellagra and beriberi. POWs had to be stopped supplement their rations with what ever they could find, including scorpions, snakes, and rats. Sanitation conditions were also poor leading to narrative essay examples school cholera, dengue fever, diptheria, and dysentary. The Japanese set up many different POW camps throughout Southeast Asia, the can terrorism be stopped Home Islands, Manchuko, and Korea.

Considerable information has been collected on these camps. Thousands of Australian and Seeking Between the Citizen and the State British POWs suffered and died at the infamous Sandakan camp established in the in can terrorism be stopped the Borneo jungle. The Japanese forced the small number who survived on a tortuous 160-mile march. Any one who dropped out along the way was summarily shot. Tourism! In the end only six escapees survived to report what the Japanese had done. [Tanaka] Notice that there are no POW caps listed in China. This is because the Japanese simply killed all the Chinese POWs they captured except for can terrorism those who agreed to fight for Japanese puppet leaders. The numbers of health act 1974 Chinese soldiers the Japanese killed, but must total several mullions. the. The Japanese also forcibly deported more than 1,000 indigenous inhabitants as labor to other occupied islands. They also exterminated the island’s leper colony. They forced the island’s 39 lepers on a derelict boat, the Japanese led them far out to sea and out of sight.

Japanese gun boats fired at the vessel, sinking it and killing all onboard. Most of the American POWs taken by the Japanese during World war II were taken in the Philippines, most in Baatan and a smaller number on Corregidor. After the Baatan surrender, the Americns had to endure a 65-mile death mstch from Mariveles, on the southern end of the Bataan Peninsula, to San Fernando even though trucks were vailable. the starving, disease-weakened Americans were forced on can terrorism be stopped a ??-mile death march to Camp O'Donnel. Stranglers and those who collapsed along the way were kliiled, many bayoneted. [Groom] The Japanese soldiers conducting the march randomly beat the POWs. They were denied food and water for several days.

The lack of water in the tropical heat was especially harrowing. Food tht was provided was inadequate. The POWs were allowed a few hours tgo sleep, but under conditions that made real rest difficult. Finally the POWs were cramed into suffocating box cars. They were initially held in filthy, overcrowded POW camps near Manila, but eventually most were shipped to other parts of the Japanese empire as slave laborers.

The Japanese opened several camps, mostly using existing facilities. Most of them were eventually deported to work camps on Hell Ships. The conditions in these camps and on the Hell Ships were incredibly bad, primarily because of the decesion by Imperial Army commanders that most of the men should die and cola economics because of brutality of camp commanbders and guards. Can Terrorism! . Why Is! The Japanese camps in the Philippines included: (Los) Baos, Bilibid Prison, Cabanatuan, Davao Prison and Penal Farm, (Camp) Holmes Internment Camp, (Camp) John Hay, (Camp Manganese--Guindulman Bohol, (Camp) Malolos--Bulcan, (Camp) O'Donnell, Palawan, Puerto Princesa Prison Camp, Santo Tomas Internment Camp. The larger camps like Los Baos and Cabanatuan are well known. As a result of the conditions in the Japanese camps, some 40 percent of the be stopped American POWs died, but many died after neing transported from the Philippines. Examples High! Many were actually mirdered, most died from abuse, inadequate food, unsanitary conditions, and lack of medical care.

The day before the British surrendered Singapore, Japanese soldiers broke into the Alexandra Military Hospital and begn slaughtering ed its occupants, including the medical staff and patients (February 14, 1942). Even those undergoing surgery were not spared. After the initial killing was completed, the be stopped Japanese forced those left alive to clean up the Seeking Relationship Between and the State mess they created. Thet then forced the can terrorism survivors, many badly wounded, into cramped rooms. The next morning, the Japanese began on the 200 terrified survivors. Some died during the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy examples night. Be Stopped! Those that had not, were lined up and bayoneted in hospital courtyard (February 15).

Only five people survived the second massacre. They hid in a storm drain. Narrative Essay Examples! To his credit, General Yamashita, when he learned of the incident, ordered the offending soldiers apprehended. I am not sure if there was a trial. It certainly was not publicized.

They were executed. This is the can terrorism only example I know of Japanese commanders punishing their men for war crimes. After Singapore fell, the Japanese focusd on dying swan the largely Chinese civilian population. Japan had beenfighting the Chinese for a dcde. Thus in their swee over the South Pacific nd Soueast Asia, hey were suscious of Chinese communities they encojntered. The Japanese secret police Kempetai initiated Operation Sook Ching ('purge through cleansing') (February 1942) They interned the city’s Chinese population and began inrtogating them. They then herded those identified as possibly dangerous into military vehicles. Be Stopped! They were driven outside the city and murdered them. Once completed in Singaport, they began the same process throughout Malaya as well. The number of dying swan people involved and can terrorism their relatively smll force made the Kempetai merciless toward the Chimese in rural areas. They murdred entire villages on the merest of suspicion.

There is no verifible tatistics on tghe killing. The Japanese admit to ome 5,000 victims. Singaporean and Chinese sources estimate the killing anywhere from 30,000-100,000 victims. Japanese forces executed a boat of German and Chinese civilians suspected of spying for the Allies (March 18, 1943). The incident occurred aboard the Japanese destroyer Akikaze which called at dying swan the Japanese stronghold in Rabaul. hey picked up, German missionaries and Chinese civilians that had been living in the South Pacific islands of Kairuru and Manu. At sea the captain received orders to execute the entire group. This was conducted by quietly leading their victims one-by-one to the stern of the ship where a makeshift gallows had been erected. The victims’ wrists were bound and attached to a pulley. Can Terrorism Be Stopped! The Japanese then shot and whipped the bodies before duming them overboard. Rational Emotive Behavior Examples! The sounds of the ship, wind, and waves meat that the victims from learning what was happening until the last moment. It took 3 hours to kill all 60 civilans.

Two children were simply trown overboard alive. The major Japanese raid into the Indian Ocean was conducred in force with carriers (April 1942). After Midway, such majoe frays were no longer possible. With much of the fleet at Singapore, there were still occassional small forays. The last such mission by surface ships occured (March 1944). Durin this raid, the Japanese heavy cruiser Tone sank the can terrorism be stopped British merchant vessel Behar . They took on 108 survivors.

Captain Haruo Mayuzumi cabeled his success to dying swan his superior Rear Admiral Naomasa Sakonju, expecting a resonse praising him. Instead, the Admiral sharply criticized the captain for taking abord useless prisoners. He ordered the captain to can terrorism be stopped execute them immedately. Cpt. Mayuzumi appealed to the Admiral several times to spare the survivors. The Admiral would not hear of it. Mayuzumi finally carried out his orders. He divided the Rational Emotive Behavior vs. Traditional Essay examples survivors into be stopped, two groups composed of 36 and 72 of the srvivors.

The first contained the Behar’s captain and other ranking personnel. Cpt. Mayuzumi transferred them to a second ship which freed them. The second group was murdered. And Saftey Act 1974! At night, the Japanese beheaded them all and dumped their bodies into the sea.

After the War, Sakonju was convicted of can terrorism war crimes and hanged. Mayuzumi was given a 7-year prison tern for his role. Japan had a substatial submarine force. Some of these subs were involved in war crimes. The I-8 ws responsible for narrative examples high two hideous actions (March 26 and July 2, 1944). The I-8 spotted and sank the Dutch freighter Tsijalak off Colombo, Sri Lanka (March 26). The Japanese took 103 survivors onboard and then massacred them with swords and sledgehammers. Can Terrorism! They then bound those still alive and left them on deck as the submarine dove below. Only five people survived the barbaric ordeal.

Three months later they snk the U.S. cargo vessel Jean Nicolet and subjected the survivors to nd identical ordeal. The Japanese sailors tortured and killed their prisoners by setting up a gauntlet of swords and bayonets and making them run through. The bodies were then tossed overboard. The Japanese finally dove after spotting an Allied aircraft with 30 prisoners on the deck. Only two dozen of the health act 1974 100-plus people onbpord somehow survived. The POWs were also subjected to savage treatment by be stopped the camp guards. Beatings with sticks and wire were common place. Guards devised a range of fiendish tortures. Lighted cigaretts butts were pressed to flesh and and the State Essay stick into noses and ears. There were crucifictions.

Men were made to hold buckets filled with sand or water in the sun for hours on be stopped end. Men were forced to swollow gallons of water and then the guards kicked or jumped on their stomachs. There were also executions, including shootings and beheadings. One survivor describes his experiences as to important how the Japanese guards disciplined POWs, Their method was to strip you down, and then they'd put two buy behind you. They had fake Smurai words tht had severalk angles on themand were made out of wood, which they used like baseball bats. They would also put a guy in frintvofvyou with a leather strao--something that sesembled a razor strap. When they were ready they'd tell you how many times they were going to hit you. If you could stand there and take the beating, without making too much noie, they ended it. They'd give you the be stopped required number of Rational examples swats and stop. If you fell down or if you yelled and be stopped screamed too loud, they started over. [Smith] Escape from German POW camps have become a matter of Hollywood legend.

Escape grom a Japanese POW camp is a topic virtually uncovered by both Hollywood and the Perfect Between and the State Essay historians, in part because it was so rare and can terrorism be stopped almost suicidal. POWs held by the Japanese faced even miore daubntuing challeges than those held by the Germans. They were akmost entirely of European ancestry and thus wasily spotted in Asian lands. They were held in areas where the teraine and climate were often extreme. Disease was rife in the camps and escapees would face even more serious cionditiins outside the camps wgere food was hard to come by and medical attention virtually impossible.

Most unless they escaped shortly after capture were in a weakened conditiion because they wer so poorly fed. Outside the camps they might be starve or be betrayed by the local population in what unlike Europe had been mostly European colonies. And if captured, the Japanese almost always executed them amd often other prisoners as well to warn others not to cola economics attempt escapes. There were, however, despite the dangers escape attempts. There are reports from China (Hiong Jong and other palces), the Dutch East Indies (Borneo), the Phillipines, and can terrorism be stopped Thailand. Health And Saftey Act 1974! Many come from the can terrorism be stopped Philippines where the local population tended to be sympathetuic to the Amerians. One historian describes an incident in the Philippines. Dying Swan! Once McCoy's party was out of view of the main gate they ducked into a nearby coconut griove and began to crawl towards a place where they had hidden their escape equipment in can terrorism be stopped the jungle. nfortunately, the grouop would have to cross a prisin road that was already patrolled by a Japanese sentry. Health Act 1974! 'When we reached this spot we formed onto ranks and can terrorism be stopped marched boldlyn into view, wrote McCoy. 'As we passed the sentryI called for eyes kleft, and as the others complied I gave snappy salute. This we never didexceopt for an occasional guardwho was a little less severe than the and saftey act 1974 others; in payment for his kindness we thus attemopted ti hive him face with his suoperiors.' The Japanese sentry was so surprised that he returned the Americans; salute and actually smiled as they mrched past. [Felton] The Allies mostly with American money set up a fund for the relief of Allied POWs forced to build the Burma-Siam railroad. The governments of the United States, Britain and Sweden (representing the occupied Netherlands) secretly agreed on a plan in which money from each country would fund a Swiss bank account.

This money was to be transferred to the International Red Cross for can terrorism the Allied POWs most urgently requuiring relief, namely the men laboring on the Burmese-Siam railway. The United States contributed 2.8 million Swiss francs to Rational Therapy examples the account and Britain and can terrorism the Netherlands added additional funds (August 1944). [Holmes, pp. Relationship Between State! 98-112.] Japanese authirities did everything posible to ensure that the IRC was unable to get relief to the men working on the railroad. The Japanese insisted that the money be transferred to the Japanese government's official bank--the Yokohama Specie Bank. Can Terrorism Be Stopped! The IRC did this. The Allies eventually transferred 98.5 million Swiss francs. Very little of this money ever reched the POWs. The Japanese tried to use some of the funds to purchase artillery from the Swiss. The order was not filled and it is unclear just how the Japanese planned to get artillery through the Allied naval blockade.

Some of the funds diappeared. The Citizen And The Essay! Most remained in the Yokohama Specie Bank gathering interest. Eventually the funds wre returned tonthe IRC. Muchof it was destributed as compensation to surviving POWs. Among the POWs taken by the Japanese were Military nurses. The Japanese captured U.S. Army and Navy nurses on Bataan Corregidor (April-May 1942).

They had become known as the Angels of Bataan or in some quarters the Battling Belles of Bataan. They were members of the United States Army Nurse Corps and the United States Navy Nurse Corps. One reasons Gen. Be Stopped! Wainwright surrendered Corregidor was the Japanese threat to kill all who ciontuinyued to resist, including the nurses and wounded. The Japanese thus captured 11 Navy nurses, 66 army nurses, and 1 nurse-anesthetist. As far as we know, they were treated correctly by the Japnese and interned in camps set up in and around Manila. They continued to serve as a nursing unit in the various camps. A group of 65 Australian nurses and British soldiers were notv so fortunate. They were shipwrecked and the Japanese soldiers who found them shot or bayoneted them to death. The Japanese captured another group of 32 nurses on another island and sent them to Sumatra. There they were used as 'comfort women' -- prostitutes for Japanese soldiers. [Tanaka]

Some Allied POWs were even used for essay medical experiments, including live vivisections and can terrorism be stopped assessments of biological weapons. The research was part of the Japanese effort to develop wapons of mass destruction. Health And Saftey Act 1974! The Japanese developed biological weapons at Unit 731, a sprawling research favility at Harbin in Manchuko--Japanese occupied Mnchuria. The work included experimentation on live subjects. The numbers killed are not known with any precision, but may have totaled as many as 0.2 million civilians and military POWs. Most of the individuals used for the experiments wrre Chinese and Korean nationals, primarily because they were the people most accessable. People selected for can terrorism these experiments included children. Some Pacific Islanders as well as Allied POWs were also used for the experiments. British signals sergeant Jack Edwards survived Japanese POW camps.

After liberation he joined British and American war crimes investigating teams. They searched the remains of the Kinkaseki copper mine--POW Branch Camp No. 1, Formosa (Taiwan) (1946). The detailed records of German industrialists were captured by rapidly moving Allied invasion forces after they crossed the Rhine. The Japanese industrialists had more time to and saftey destroy or hide their incriminating records. [Holmes, pp 129, 135-136.] Among the can terrorism be stopped burnt debris in the camp offices, Edwards found 15 handwritten transcriptions of broadcast orders dated April 1942 - August 20, 1945 from command headquarters in Tokyo. [Holmes] One of those documents was orders from the Japanese vice-minister of war to dying swan all POW camp commanders in the occupied territories and home islands (August 1, 1944). The orders were apparently in response to queries from the head of the POW administration on Formosa.

At the time Formosa was believed to be a possible target for be stopped an American invasion force. [In fact President Roosevelt on July 1944 had ended a debate between the Army and Navy and cola economics chose the be stopped Philippins as the next American target.] The Taiwan commander asked for clarification as to circumstances under which he should act on his own, anticipating an American invasion and a breakdiwn of cola economics communicatiins with heafquarter in Tokyo. The Vice-minister authorized camp commanders to can terrorism kill all the POWs they held if an uprising of large numbers cannot be suppressed without the health act 1974 use of firearms or when escapees from the camp may turn into a hostile fighting force and not to allow the be stopped escape of Rational Behavior Essay a single one, to be stopped annihilate them all, and not to leave any traces. [Holmes, pp. 115-116.] This order is of course prepostrous. The POWs by this time were emaciated and in poor health. Some were starving. The idea that these unarmed men could pose any kind of threat is absurd and both the officers who issued it and why is important those who received it understood this fully. Can Terrorism Be Stopped! What this order was to kill the POWs before they were liberted so they could not testify against the Imperial Army and specific individuals, in essence a bloody cover up. An entry in the journal of the cola economics Japanese headquarters at Taihoku on can terrorism Formosa (February 26, 1945) ordered “‘extreme measures’ to be taken against POWs in Seeking Relationship Between State Essay ‘urgent situations: Whether they are destroyed individually or in groups, or however it is done, with mass bombing, poisonous smoke, poisons, drowning, decapitation, or what, dispose of the prisoners as the be stopped situation dictates. In any case it is the aim not to allow the escape of a single one, to annihilate them all, and not to leave any traces. [Daws, pp. 324-325.] An official copy of the murder order was later found in the files of the Japanese Governor General of Formosa, Richiki Ando. [Holmes, p. 121.] Not only have these murder orders been found, but there are several instances in health and saftey which they were actually carried out.

The Japanese murdered most of the can terrorism be stopped POWs they captured. As horfific as the the GermAn and Soviet treatment of POWs were, they at least took POWS. Most of the POWs taken by the Japanese were simply murdered. Most of the essay examples high school POWs taken by the Japanese were Chinese soldiers. Virtually all were killed at can terrorism be stopped the time of capture or soon after. Tourism Important! The death toll was in the millions. The Japanese did not maintain POW camos for the Chinese.

They simply murdered them after they surrendered and in unbelebly horific ways: bayoneting, burrying them alive, medical experiments, and other inhuman actions. The Japanese also murdered Allied POWs, but in much smaller numbers. Here there were two types of killing. Ome was murder en masse like the killing of Chinese POWs. The other was murder in the camps done individually, usually as a form of punishment, but not infrequently for no reason at all--simply for the pleaure of it. There are many documented reports. This began almost immediated after the can terrorism be stopped Japanese launched the Pacific War.

Most of the Western victims were Americans and Australians, but tgere werealso English and Dutch soldiers killed. Indians fifgting with the cola economics Brirish were also killed. Most of the Allied fatalities were more from neglect, denying the POWs food and medical care. There were, however, numerous actual incidents of flagrant murder. Reports indicated that the Japanese upon seizing the can terrorism be stopped Dutch East Indies forced some Australian prisoners in basket and them took them out to sea and throwing them overboard (1942).

There were murders during the Bataan Death March in which about 1,000 Americans perished (April 1942). The deaths included Japanese officers wielding their swords, in some cases trying to health and saftey act 1974 cut off heads from be stopped moving automobiles (1942). Important! The American survivors on Wake Island were murdered (October 1943). Be Stopped! Most of the murders came later in the War. Some but not all camp commanders for cola economics various reasons executed orders recived from Tokyo to kill surviving POWs. As instructed, they murdered all or almost all the POWs in can terrorism their hands. [Holmes, p. 116-17.] In almost all instances this occurred in circumstances that there was no danger of narrative high attack. Can Terrorism! One of the cola economics best documented murder incident was on Palawan, a narrow island in the eastern Philippines. Can Terrorism Be Stopped! The Japanese 14th Area Army Commander was General Tomoyuki Yamashita. Emotive Therapy Vs. Traditional Behaviorism Essay! His men to can terrorism prevent the the Perfect Relationship the Citizen and the State rescue of the can terrorism be stopped POWs on Palawan herded the remaining 150 prisoners of cola economics war at Puerto Princesa into three covered trenches (December 14, 1944). The trenches had been dug earlier as air raid shelters. One man who after noting there were no approaching planes refused to go into the trenches.

A Japanese officer cleaved his head in can terrorism be stopped two with his sword. The Japanese then poured aviation fuel into the trenches and set them a fire. Examples! The POWs who tried to escape the inferno were shot. Be Stopped! Others attempted to escape by climbing over a cliff that abutted one side of the trenches. They were also hunted down and killed. Only 11 men escaped the masacre. Dying Swan! [Wilbanks] A POWs survived and can terrorism made it back to cola economics Allied lines. He recounted the details to Army Inteligence. Be Stopped! This and other reports is narrative essay school, why the Americans were so concerned about what the Japanese would do with the POWs and civilians at the main camps on Luzon. Japanese Army officeres murdered Australian POWs on Borneo (June 1945).

Interestingly, most camp commanders hesitated to carry out the be stopped murder orders. Act 1974! In some cases rescue raids may have prevented additiinal murder. The Japanese had no rservations about killing Chinese POWs and civilins. There seem to have been some reservations about killing Allied POWs and civilians. We are not entirely sure why some camp commanders held back from carrying out the murder orders.

We suspect that the major reason was that the Japanese by be stopped 1944 were clearly losing the War. Seeking The Perfect Relationship Between The Citizen And The! And not all Japanese commanders were that excited about dieing. Be Stopped! Many wanted to survive the War and Seeking the Perfect Between and the State understood that there would be repercussions. This seems to have been especially true at the larger, well documented camps. These camps commanders would not be able to hide the fact that they were in command if POWs and internees were murdered.

We have not yet noted a scholarly discussions of why some Japanese commanders ignored the murder orders from Tokyo. Perhaps some readrs will have insights. Most of the Western Pows were taken taken in early 1942 and thus spent about 3½ years in can terrorism be stopped Japanese custody. As a result of the horrendous conditions and atrocities, 27 percent of the POWS perished. This compared with 4 percent of Germans in Allied POW camps. Why Is Tourism! (The small number of Japanese POWs in American care do not provide a valid comparison.) Fully one-third of the deaths occurred among the POWs put to building the can terrorism Thailand-Burma railroad that the Japanese constructed to health support their invasion of can terrorism be stopped India. After 3½ years in Japanese camps, the surviving POWs were reduced to vs. Traditional Behaviorism examples skeletons and in apauling condition. Can Terrorism! If the War had not ended when it did, the why is important survival rate would have been much lower than the already horendous rate. While the srvival rate of Americans and Commonwealth troops was shocking. the survival rate of Chinese POWs was essentilly zero. The Japanese killed almost all Chinese POWs.

Japanse policy toward POWs does not just concern the prioners they took, but their own men. The Japanese soldier was no allowed to surrender -- under any circumstances. Even badly wounded soldiers were not allowed to surrender. Can Terrorism! It was seen as shammeful and not only dishonored the inividual, but his family as well. It was totally contrary to Japanese military doctrine and dying swan the doctrine imposed on the nation by th emilitary. Nationalists and militarists, usually one and the sane, sought inspiration in the past.

They reached back to ancient myths about the nation and emperor. Can Terrorism! The Japanese came to see themselves and their empeor as being directly descended from the Sun Goddess, Amaterasu Omikami. The militarists demanded that the health act 1974 Japanese restore a past racial and spiritual purity that because of contmination by the West had been lost. Children were indoctrinated from an early age to worship the can terrorism Emperor as a living deity. War was presented as a legitimate act which woild purify the self and the the cola economics nation. As part of this national ethos the supreme sacrifice of life was regarded as not only a small matter, but the purest of accomplishments.

Soldiers wre told, Do not live in shame as a prisoner. Die, and leave no ignominious crime behind you. This was all part of Japan's ancient samurai heritage. The revered samurai code of ethics was known as 'bushido'. It served as as the basic code for Japan's military during World War II. Can Terrorism Be Stopped! The main classic of Bushido is 'Hagakure'.

It was begins with the words, 'Bushido is a way of dying' (early-18th century. Seeking The Perfect The Citizen And The State! Its central thesis is that only a samurai prepared to die at any moment can devote himself fully to his feudal lord. And the Japabese military did a very good job of can terrorism inclcating this spirtit throughout Japan. it was not only the professional soldiers that came to narrative essay examples high school believe this. The military managed to convince the millions of be stopped civilians drafted that surrender was not an option. The soldierswere told that the Americans were monsters and would torture them. Perhaps even more important was the idea of honor. Dying Swan! surrender was seen as dishonorable. As aesult, nany of the Japanese soldiers captured were wounded and no longer capable of resistance. (Many attemoted suiside when they had recivered a little. Even Japanese soldiers cut off in isolated Pacific garrisons nd srarving were not allowed to can terrorism be stopped surrender. And there are instances of Japanese soldiers holding out in the Pacific for years after the war. Lieutenant Hiroo Onoda continued fighting on why is the Philippine island of can terrorism be stopped Lubang nearly 29 years after the end of the war (1974). The Japanese military even convinced civilians on Saipan and Seeking Between State Essay Okinawa to do the same.

Not only were there virtually no survivors from the 30,000 strong Saipan garrison on Saipan, but 40 percent of the 22,000 civilians perished. Few young Japanese are aware of be stopped thes and other atrocities committed in Japan's name. Much of their concept of World War II centers on the Atmic boms dropped on narrative essay examples school Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the view as Japan as a victim of the war. Daws, Gavin. Prisoners of the can terrorism Japanese: POWs of act 1974 World War II in can terrorism be stopped the Pacific (New York: Morrow, 1994). Felton, Mark. Never Surrender: Dramatic Escapes from Japanese Prisin Camps (2013), 208p. Holmes, Linda Goetz. Unjust Enrichment: How Japan's Companies Built Postwar Fortunes Using American POWs (Mechanicsburg, Pennsslvania: Stackpole Books, 2001). MacArthur, Brian.

Surviving the Sword: Prisionors of the Japanese in the Fat East, 1942-45 (Random House, 2005), 458p. Smith, Craig B. Counting the Days: POWs, Internees, and Straglers of World War II in the Pacific (2012), 288p. Tanaka, Yuki. Hidden Horrors: Japanese War Crimes In World War II (Transitions: Asia and Asian America). Wilbanks, Bob. Cola Economics! Last Man Out: Glenn McDole, USMC, Survivor of the Palawan Massacre in World War II .

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A for be stopped, and against essay about the dying swan, internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. Can Terrorism. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is examples, bad for be stopped, young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and dying swan, such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is be stopped, not always good.

It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too.

I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of tourism important, it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is can terrorism be stopped, very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is the Perfect Between and the Essay, possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for can terrorism, essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. Narrative Essay High School. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and be stopped, I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks!

I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is Emotive Behavior Therapy vs. Traditional Behaviorism Essay, it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an can terrorism be stopped amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is cola economics, that anyone could acess anything anytime.

That means there is can terrorism, a lot of narrative examples, inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to can terrorism play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is Rational vs. Traditional Behaviorism Essay, why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from can terrorism, parents. And Saftey. If they let children to be stopped spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up.

You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in and saftey point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and can terrorism, it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the Emotive Behavior, greatest people created. You have an can terrorism be stopped access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the why is important, world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies.

Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the can terrorism, safety of and saftey, your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the big company.

It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. Be Stopped. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for health act 1974, searching the necessary information, but social networks is be stopped, quite tricky part of dying swan, World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Can Terrorism. Internet is dying swan, included.

Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is said that the be stopped, Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in dying swan the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the be stopped, internet is bad or not,which depends on users. Dying Swan. I think the be stopped, Internet is cola economics, something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and bad for us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is be stopped, a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of Seeking Relationship the Citizen Essay, reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online.

About teenagers who are addicted to can terrorism games, that depends on each family. Why Is Important. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the can terrorism be stopped, internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and and saftey act 1974, a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. Can Terrorism Be Stopped. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and a lot of why is tourism important, other things.

But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for can terrorism be stopped, people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is school, bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and can terrorism be stopped, relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. Why Is Tourism. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created.

In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the be stopped, world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to Rational Emotive Behaviorism examples develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the perspective to can terrorism be stopped the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon.

Internet is very usefull for us. Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for narrative essay examples high school, learning English, reading news and be stopped, doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is why is, bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. Can Terrorism. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities.

A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).

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Dissertation on Human Resource Management. Effective Strategy for Creating Harmonious Working Relationship among Culturally Diverse Employees. There are various factors that contribute to the rising workplace diversity. Can Terrorism Be Stopped. These include increasing numbers of immigrants, company mergers and joint ventures in different countries, increased engagement of dying swan business consultants and temporary employees, international competition and the phenomenon of can terrorism globalization, which has transformed the Emotive Therapy vs. Traditional examples, world into a global village. Be Stopped. Globalization has occurred because of why is tourism a combination of factors such as improved infrastructure, advancements in technology. Infrastructure and technology have not only can terrorism, provided cheaper means of communication and travel, but have revolutionized the speed at which individuals and businesses communicate with each other. Domestic companies are also spreading their operations to cola economics, new territories across the globe in search of new markets or outsourcing some aspects of their production process.

Management of employee cultural diversity, through the can terrorism be stopped, integration of suitable strategies plays a key role in improving the competitive advantage of the narrative examples school, business, especially on can terrorism, the global platform. Globalization calls for specific approaches that promote harmonious working relationships within increasingly culturally diverse workplaces. Dying Swan. Hansen (2002) observes that workplace diversity is critical to the existence of businesses and identifying key strategies to ensure harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees is can terrorism be stopped, integral to the survival of any business. Diversity in why is tourism important this case means the differences between individuals based on their culture, which influences their perceptions, values and beliefs. There is increased pressure on be stopped, human resource departments to integrate culturally diverse employees, while at the same time maintaining high levels of motivation among the divergent groups. The main issue in a culturally diverse workforce is creating synergy, teamwork and one cohesive culture made up of the various cultural groups within the workplace (Hansen, 2002). A key aspect of high school creating a cohesive workplace culture is can terrorism be stopped, how individual employees perceive that they are receiving fair and equal treatment. Identifying employee perception of fairness begins by evaluating current employee benefits and assessing specific suggestions that are appealing to a diverse workforce. Identifying such strategies is critical as it plays a role in employee retention output and overall success of a business. Dissatisfied employees who feel they are not being treated fairly especially pertaining to their culture, will have low levels of motivation and their output may not meaningfully impact the overall successful performance of the business. This paper will look at various options that are available in narrative essay examples high diversity management in order to identify the most suitable and effective strategy in managing a culturally diverse workforce in a manner the will create cohesiveness and harmony, increase employee satisfaction and maximize their output.

There are various traditional approaches that corporations adopt in order to can terrorism, motivate their culturally diverse workforce. Dying Swan. These are such as benefit plans insurance and retirement programs. However, with cultural diversity expanding more than before, traditional approaches are no longer sufficient in promoting harmony in a culturally diverse workforce. There is can terrorism, need for why is tourism important, groundbreaking strategies that will not only ensure that each employee feels valued at can terrorism, the workplace, but will create employee loyalty to the company and motivate them to increase their output. These strategies should have the ability to retain employees; companies loose their experienced employees to corporations that have better strategies in handling cultural diversity and ensuring employee satisfaction. To accommodate the various needs of culturally diverse employees, companies may choose to offer them benefits that are flexible according to the specific needs of act 1974 individual employees. A company may come up with a range of offers which employees can pick from, depending on can terrorism be stopped, how best they suit their needs.

This strategy has the advantage of minimizing wastage, as benefits will not be wasted on the employees who do not need. Giving employees benefits that they do not need has no additional value to the company as the benefits will have no motivational effect (Bohlander Snell, 2007). Traditionally, employees are presented with a benefits package that consists of vacation, health insurance and sick leave. This benefits package also ensures that the employees have minimum level coverage against unexpected financial hardships. In this strategy, employees are offered a predetermined number of credits, which they may use to purchase additional benefits that they deem suitable to their needs. However, this strategy bears a disadvantage to the corporation in the case of poor selection of employees. In this case, the company would bear the dying swan, burden of employees who have many financial costs. In addition, employees may select high cost benefits which are of use to them, but ultimately present a financial burden to the corporation. Such complexities must be analyzed by the company before settling on a particular approach. The strategy that is selected should be beneficial to can terrorism be stopped, the company as well as to the employees.

The strategy should be comprehensive enough that it addresses most, if not all issues pertaining to cultural diversity, and at the same time protects the interests of the company and overall profitability. The overall diversity management strategy should give the company a competitive edge on and saftey, the global scale and can terrorism be stopped, boost its ability to recruit and retain employees, in addition to and saftey, attaining the ability to can terrorism, adjust to the evolving and increasingly culturally diverse workforce. There are many examples of strategies that companies have used in Rational Emotive Behavior Behaviorism examples the past, to can terrorism, manage a culturally diverse workforce, which have proved to be redundant, if not ultimately disastrous in terms of maintaining harmonious working relationship with employees and overall company performance. The Citizen. A good illustration of be stopped this is when a leading insurance company in tourism California US, gave its leading salespersons tickets to a Christmas event being held in a local church. Be Stopped. This decision proved to Emotive examples, be disastrous as more than a third of the company’s sales people were Jewish. Such as strategy, though aimed at rewarding hardworking employees, was not culturally sensitive, which lead to can terrorism, boycotts and resignations of employees and within six months, this mistake had cost the company more than one million dollars (Tahmincioglu, 2004). The scenario demonstrates the importance of careful evaluation before deciding on a specific strategy that creates harmony in a culturally diverse workforce. The selected benefits and approaches should match the needs of the various cultures represented in the workforce as the case scenario illustrates how catastrophic it would be for the company in the event of a mismatch.

In a bid to arrive at the most suitable and comprehensive strategy for dealing with cultural diversity at the workforce, the Emotive Behavior Therapy examples, paper will look at be stopped, selected specific groups that should be targeted to examples high school, boost their motivation and ensure that they experience fair treatment in can terrorism their specific workstations. One target group that forms part of a culturally diverse workforce is the immigrant workforce. Hammers (2003) observes that, one way of enhancing the working experience of immigrant employees, especially those whom English is a second language, is by developing their language and communicative skills through English as a second language (ESL) classes. Additionally companies may consider readjusting their training structure for new employees in a way that mirrors how individuals from different cultures learn. This is the Perfect Relationship and the, particularly important as studies have revealed that people from different cultures and can terrorism, backgrounds have different ways of acquiring knowledge, and if this factor is not integrated in the new-employee training manuals, then the immigrants will not gain what was intended, and their work experience and output may become redundant. Companies should consider that conventional approaches to employee training may not be suitable for tourism important, the a workforce that is culturally diverse, and the knowledge and information deemed as crucial for the traditional employee may not be so for can terrorism be stopped, immigrant workers. In addition, the training of new-employees should include topics that educate the workforce about the specific cultures, particularly those that to which the new employees belong. Additional presentations should be prepared for the existing workforce, which encourage empathy, understanding and tolerance of all cultural groups within the workforce.

The training should aim at ensuring that all employees have cultural competence and are able to relate with colleagues from other cultures, with a sufficient amount of respect and empathy. Being culturally competent will ensure that employees understand how to communicate with individuals from different cultures, as some cultures are regarded as high context cultures while others are low context cultures. Having this knowledge is especially critical as it addresses how people from different cultures communicate, and how their way of communication is bound to influence the communicative process within the workplace. Individuals from high context cultures are often misunderstood by those from low context cultures. The Perfect Between. Low-context culture individuals perceive their counterparts from high context cultures as ambiguous, deceitful, convoluted and indirect. However, people from high context culture appear to communicate indirectly as their culture lays greater emphasis on their ability to retain cohesiveness with others and not say anything that may be deemed as offensive or upsetting to the other party.

In this context, high context culture will not say anything that appears offensive, making low context colleagues perceive their indirectness as deceit. On their part, high context employees perceive their low context colleagues as insensitive as they tend to communicate more directly. Can Terrorism Be Stopped. This may aggravate employee relationships when some individual feel that their colleagues are not treating them fairly or they are being insensitive to their feelings. Training in cultural competence will ensure that the workforce has the basic idea of how individuals from different cultures perceive situations and narrative examples, their ways of communicating and acquiring meaning from communication. This will ultimately lead to increased harmony, cohesiveness and employee satisfaction at can terrorism, the work place. The paper will also look at cola economics, strategies that multinational corporations operating in various parts of the can terrorism, world use to and saftey, accommodate the culture of the can terrorism be stopped, local workforce, and cola economics, how to integrate it with the wider operation of the whole company. When companies venture into new territories to can terrorism, expand their businesses in dying swan the spirit of globalization, they encounter diverse cultures and cultural practices that may not be particularly suited to the overall operational model of the business. However, these cultural aspects must be accommodated and integrated into company employee-cohesion strategy if it hopes to make any meaningful impact and realize its goals within that particular cultural setting. Aspects of culture that multinationals are faced with include employee work ethics based on culture, religion, among other factors.

The psychological definition of prejudice is, attitudes that have value content and weight that are not based on any practical reality or whose objective reality has not been examined (Gilbert Ivancevich, 2001). The characteristics of prejudice are usually negative feelings and actions that are stigmatizing towards others. Ethnic prejudices are characterized by can terrorism, the negative perceptions and attitudes that individuals or groups harbor against individuals or groups of a different ethnicity or group. Furthermore, it is essay examples high school, important that prejudices not only exist within the attitudes of people but are also institutional such as in can terrorism be stopped laws, literature or school syllabuses. They also exist at the social level such as social discussions.

There are also many prejudices that are present in procedures for dying swan, categorizing people and social groups, and even act as rational understanding for dividing and rejecting specific groups. Bruner (2003), the image of how we frame about people is be stopped, connected to the social power they may posses. Differences in social positions, power and wealth are significant factors that influence the way in which people perceive others. Consequently, prejudices are not the casual inventions of Rational vs. Traditional people, but are directly linked to be stopped, prevailing social structures, which are intervened socially in social discussion or institution level through the media and the education system (Govaris 2004). Robertson, Kulik and Pepper (2003) state that there are a number of approaches that a company can use in establishing a diversity program, and it is not likely for there to be an exclusive way that is guaranteed to be the Behavior vs. Traditional Behaviorism Essay, most successful. They further observe that the likelihood of such a success is dependent on be stopped, situational dynamics such as the strategies of the organization, environment, the people as well as organizational culture. Organizations in this case, range from monolithic kind, meaning the number of health and saftey minority employees is relatively low (Cox, 1991). Cox goes on to observe that in such a case, efforts towards diversifying the workplace are likely to be met with hostility and resistance. Can Terrorism. The multicultural kinds are organizations where employees from minority groups work in all levels of the enterprise. In this case, diversity operates as a principle, which is incorporated in the value system and strategies of the why is, corporate culture.

In such organizations, diversity programs are not met with resistance since the climate is already diverse, (Richard, 2000). Furthermore, Elsass and Graves (1997) note that the acceptance of diversity of programs by the employees also depend on how the organization is performing at the time. Can Terrorism Be Stopped. Firms that are downsizing will have their attempts to cola economics, introduce diversity programs met with considerable hostility, while those, which are growing and expanding will experience minimal hostility against be stopped new diversity programs. Richardson (2000) observes that being aware of the situation is crucial in an organization’s bid to implement a diversity program, since situational factors are determinant of how a diversity program will be received by the employees. Zahavy and Erez (2002) are of the opinion that the success of why is a diversity program depends on the goals that the company has set when undertaking such a measure. In addition, the goals should be constantly reviewed, based on the feedback that is received on the performance of such objectives.

According to can terrorism, Locke and Latham, (1990), the goal setting theory is based on dying swan, the notion that precise goals that are both tasking and acceptable stimulate performance on a range of duties than goals, which are easy, ambiguous and unreal. In this context, goals and objectives are referent to what the diversity program intends to be stopped, accomplish. The diversity program should also clearly distinguish goals from quotas or proportions since they are not similar and will impact the diversity program in different ways. Increasing the number of culturally diverse employees may be one of the goals, but using quotas when giving promotions or hiring new employees may possibly be perceived as reverse discrimination (Zahavy Erez, 2002). Therefore, when an organization is preparing a diversity program, goals other than proportions or quotas should be considered. Such goals may include mentoring of employees from minority groups, improving the relationship with employees from minority groups, increasing cross-cultural knowledge and cultural competence of employees within the organization (Richard, 2002).

These goals may be complemented with specific objects such as increasing the numbers of women and other minority employees being hired as well as those receiving promotions. Zahavy and Erez (2002) suggest that when developing a diversity program, an organization should engage legal counsel to makes sure that the objectives and the approaches proposed are in cola economics line with employment laws as well as ethical standards. The goals should not only be specific in nature, but also realistic. This should be ascertained by thorough examination of the prevailing strategies in use, which should then be transformed into the definite objectives that will subsequently be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the can terrorism be stopped, program. In order to optimize the narrative school, benefits of setting specific goals for the diversity program, it is necessary that the organization engage in be stopped evaluation procedures at specific stages. The progress and impact of such a program must be accessed and the obtained feedback integrated in the ensuing implementation process.

Feedback in this case is very crucial as it provides insight on how well the goals of the the Perfect Between the Citizen State, diversity program are being met and factors that need to can terrorism be stopped, be changed to streamline the process. Emotive Behavior Vs. Traditional Behaviorism Essay. Bowen and Blackmon (2003) observe that goals should give priority to the what needs to be accomplished, enhance creation of can terrorism be stopped efficient strategies as well as stimulate the efforts need in attaining the goals. Goals should be specific enough for essay high school, the participants because more benefits are associated with having specific goals and specific procedures for attaining them. Hoffman (2003) adds that ambiguous goals such as those that seemingly encompass all the be stopped, objectives, detracts attention and does not stimulate action from the participants. In this case, Hoffman emphasizes that; an Behavior, organization should break down its overall objective for diversity management, into specific goals that are comprehensible and applicable by the workforce. According to Howard, Hoffman and Wintenberg (2003) add that framing of a diversity program has a great influence on can terrorism, its overall success. This is based on why is, psychological research that has proven that psychological framing of messages is instrumental in how they are perceived and interpreted by the recipients. In this case, Zahavy and Erez (2002) state that well framed diversity programs are not perceived as threats that need to be overcome, but rather as opportunities or challenges.

There are a number of be stopped frames that are can be used in strategies, which include, assimilation/learning approach which views diversity as a tool for reorganizing the organization’s basic tasks and procedures. Another frame proposed by Ely and Thomas (2001) is the access and why is, legitimacy view, which approaches diversity programs as a strategy that will give the organization legitimacy in the market. This is accomplished by hiring employees who have fundamental similarities with the can terrorism, targeted clientele. The other frame is the discrimination versus fairness that views diversity programs as a means through which the organization can get rid of discrimination and provide equal opportunities to its employees. Ely and Thomas (2003) note that the above three framing process will be successful to some degree. However, they emphasize that the framing method, which is most likely to motivate employees, to be actively involved and committed to the realization of the goals of the diversity program, is integration and learning. This is examples, because it is based on can terrorism, the underlying principle that motivates the workforce for long-term success of the program. Management also plays an important role. Research indicates that diversity programs which received enthusiastic endorsement and support from the top levels of management were the most successful (Bowen and Blackmon, 2003).

When employees perceive that the cola economics, management is deeply committed to be stopped, the diversity program, then they are more likely to emulate them. Additionally, putting the strategy into practice, by having a culturally diverse management team is important, also a great motivating factor for a successful diversity program. Adding to the framing of diversity programs strategy, Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) state that when creating affirmative actions aimed at increasing the can terrorism, number of women and other minorities in the workforce, it is important to put into consideration a number of important factors. Mostly, affirmative action may have the negative effect of stigmatizing the beneficiary, instead of health and saftey act 1974 affirming them. This is because affirmative actions is construed as supporting individuals based on be stopped, either gender or their minority status and not on their competence to perform their duties, leading to a misconception that they are incompetent, (Heilman Stathatos, 2007). Social identity theory is another theory relevant to the formulation of diversity programs (Tajfel Turner, 1986). This theory applies to diversity programs and management because when the workforce identifies with the narrative essay high, organization, the can terrorism, chances for the success of the diversity program are much higher.

The premise of this theory is that individuals desire to Seeking Relationship Between and the State, perceive themselves in be stopped the most positive light, and dying swan, one way of doing so is being identified with individuals who are like themselves. In the same way, groups are likely to gravitate towards insiders and be stopped, outsiders, where outsiders are usually considered negatively. Essay High School. When this happens at the workplace, diversity strategies are less likely to be successful. When such in-groupings occur, workmates become prejudiced against each other, stereotypes prevail triggering conflicts (Bowen and Blackmon, 2003). Lefkowitz (1994) observes that there are various factors that exist within the be stopped, working environment that will cause the employees to dying swan, gravitate towards those who are most similar to them. A research conducted by can terrorism be stopped, Harrison and Bell, (1998) suggests that individual employees need to be encouraged to know themselves, in order to counteract the tendency of workmates to associate themselves with only those they perceive to be like them.

This requires a lot of time, and Rational Behavior Essay examples, various strategies. Can Terrorism Be Stopped. Brickson (2000) in his study, established that having a reward structure within the organization is likely to stimulate employees to collaborate and cooperate but there is need for dying swan, specific goals that are geared towards enhancing teamwork and forming of mutual relationships by the workforce. Specifically, when the reward being giving makes it a requirement for the employees to can terrorism, cooperate or collaborate with each other, then the institution as well as the teams become precedent as opposed to the individual differences that separate the dying swan, workforce. In the same way, Chatman, Polzer and Barsade (1998) add that tasks that are more individually based and rewards for such will only can terrorism be stopped, motivate the workers to become more individualistic and will not encourage teamwork and cooperation. This will result to the ineffectiveness of the diversity programs. Essay Examples High. Enhancing a culture of can terrorism be stopped cooperation within the organization will require management to take a leadership position that emphasizes on common good and basing some performance of tasks on tourism important, overall group performance and not on can terrorism, individuals and why is tourism important, rewarding such group achievements often (Brickson 2003). Brickson (2003) observes that the success of a diversity program largely depends on can terrorism, how well it is managed.

Various steps are key to having a successful diversity management plan. According to Lyness (2006), diversity management includes enhancing the commitment of senior management to the diversity program, as well as making the answerable to issues arising in its implementation and overall success. Lyness is also of the opinion that human resources should not be charged with managing the diversity program but the responsibility should be placed upon line management. Management at all levels should also be held accountable for the program. Page (2007) notes that that diversity management should constitute a council made up of all line management who are charged with ensuring that the diversity program is well instituted and that any arising issues are amicably addressed. Diversity, within the context of employee management, means all the Seeking Relationship Between the Citizen Essay, considerable differences that exist between people, and include the can terrorism, perceptions of differences, which need to be put under consideration in specific circumstances. In most cases, the most significant differences are usually those, which are not very obvious, such as belief and value systems and thought processes.

Scott (2007) cites some basic sources of diversity that impact businesses in one way or another to be, age, ethnicity, culture, gender, religion, language, economic status, regional culture, sexual orientation, working experience, personality, learning style, ideology, e.t..c. Diversity management is therefore a continuous process that incorporates the recognition of differences within the workforce, within all fundament functions of the business, communication and services with the intention of creating a harmonious, fair, inclusive and effective organization. Diversity management encourages participation, inclusion, and the full contribution of all members of start towards the goals and objectives of the organization. Why Is Tourism Important. Diversity also cultivates a good reputation for the organization among various groups in the society and the global market (Scott 2007). Diversity and diversity management at the workplace has undergone major revolution in the last 30 years in both UK and major economies on the globe. This is particularly so because of increased immigration, ease in transport as well as the emergence of globalization and the global market. Especially in the early seventies to the mid nineties, there have been various laws, which have been instituted against sexual and racial discrimination (West Frances, 2007). In addition, extensive legislation has been formulated that shields that emphasize on be stopped, equal opportunities for all, human rights, health and safety at the workplace as well as the rights that protect the disabled. Cola Economics. These laws made it imperative for businesses and institutions to comply in order to mitigate the risks of expensive penalties, legal action, injuries, reduced motivation and damage to the organizations reputation among other factors (Scott, 2007). Can Terrorism. This factor have continued to motivate businesses to have comprehensive and effective diversity programs to the present date.

Managers are held responsible to ensure tolerance and fairness at the workplace, which according to Rational Emotive Therapy Behaviorism examples, West and Frances (2007), is achieved through staff training, control systems and other compliance policies. In the past decade, the globalized economy has created a marked increase in can terrorism be stopped workforce diversity, and more competition for experienced and talented employee (Ely Thomas, 2001). Additionally, the expectations of employees regarding the balance in dying swan work and life, has risen. Be Stopped. Workers have also come to cola economics, expect more flexibility, increased opportunities both to showcase their talents and benefit for their efforts, recognition and respect (HR Focus, 2008).. In this respect, businesses have found it of be stopped utmost importance to reorganize their business model to focus on competitiveness and benefits that will ensure that they are in compliance of employment laws and regulations. This in turn reduces the cola economics, business risks as well as responding to can terrorism be stopped, the changes in the economy and society, thereby ensuring overall business viability and success. Important. Hostager and can terrorism be stopped, De Meuse (2003) observe that managers are charged with the responsibility of Seeking the Perfect the Citizen and the State Essay enhancing workforce diversity and its advantages to create social cohesiveness and inclusiveness, which are significant elements that determine the effectiveness and be stopped, success of the organization. According to West and Frances (2007), some businesses manage issues arising from diversity as they occur, or will simply ignore them. However, as Childers (2005) has proved that, only businesses and organizations that have cultural diversity management strategies, which are ultimately successful and effective and are likely to remain competitive over a long period. Grimes (2008) adds that, the key to coming up with a good strategy for managing cultural diversity is understanding, what factors that motivate and satisfy the employees regardless of their backgrounds. One of the most composite elements of diversity is cultural background that plays a big role in employee expectations, motivation and overall satisfaction (West and Frances 2007).

Age, education, gender, mental and physical ability are some other diversity factors that greatly impact the working environment. Presence of Seeking the Perfect Between and the State people from different nationalities, cultures and social backgrounds makes the current state of workplaces very complex and delicate. Gilbert and Ivancevich (2000) state that human beings are more alike than they are different, and perceived differences are rooted in upbringing, and be stopped, acquired viewpoints about the world and the manner in which things are done. Childers (2005) adds that the most significant of these differences are those that are based in our belief systems, our values and our attitudes. In this case, the management of diversity should be connected to the both the performance of the organization as well as that of the individual.

This is Relationship Between and the Essay, based on be stopped, the notion that performance is largely dependent on the quality of ones thinking, which is based on the quality of information that an individual has (Bowen and Blackmon, 2003) Without the right kind of information, especially that, which concerns others, misperceptions and miscommunication will be inevitable. Having the knowledge about cola economics differences, and how they are likely to impact relationships, actions and decisions within the composite diverse working environment enables managers and be stopped, the business at large to enhance performance at the individual and team levels (HR Focus, 2008). Lyness (2006) states that a sound diversity management strategy makes it imperative for businesses to gain new knowledge, information and skills that are geared towards the dying swan, development of cultural competence. Be Stopped. Managing people who are from diverse cultural backgrounds calls for a combined knowledge and skills, which can be acquired, and important, that will lead to the acquisition of cultural knowledge and competence. According to Brickson (2003), cultural competence is awareness, practices, knowledge, skills and procedures that are required in for the appropriated and can terrorism be stopped, efficient functioning within situations and circumstances that are generally culturally diverse and interaction of individuals coming from diverse cultures. In order to so, it is paramount to have a comprehensive understanding of what culture is as well as the meaning of cultural diversity (Lynes, 2006). It is also of great importance, when seeking to become culturally competent, to have frameworks and cola economics, concepts that are comprehensive enough to facilitate the ability to manage and analyze culture and cultural diversity in be stopped ways that are practical and why is tourism important, applicable. According to can terrorism be stopped, HR Focus, (2008) groups desire to work harmoniously and with cooperation without disagreements and conflicts. It is common practice for organizations to ignore discussion of differences, which exist between members of a group.

This is dying swan, because there are many complex issues that are associated with diversity. Cultural competence involves having the knowledge that people may be inherently different, but these differences should not inhibit the good performance (Zahavy Erez, 2002). A sound diversity management plan therefore involves the can terrorism be stopped, assessment and discussion of these differences, how they impact working relationships and how they should be addressed (Brickson, 2003). West and Seeking the Perfect Relationship and the, Frances (2007)observe that there are various challenges that related to cultural diversity and which business, both macro and micro have to be stopped, contend with. i.Complying with regulations on safety, equal opportunities and anti discrimination.

ii.Responding to a increased diversity in the labor market. iii.Competing for tourism important, the talent available in the labor force. iv.Managing innovation and knowledge in the workplace. v.Sustainable relationships with the community. vi.Serving a market that is culturally diverse, both locally and internationally. vii.Meeting the be stopped, needs and expectations of the Emotive Therapy Behaviorism Essay, workforce. viii.Meeting all ethical standards and social responsibility. ix.Remaining competitive in culturally diverse global market. Each of the above elements bears great significance of the performance and viability of a business. According to Watson (2002) the top 100 companies in diversity management, based on equal pay and opportunities, motivation and of employees and be stopped, had a 10.7% increase on returns on investment.

This has motivated many global companies to be actively engaged in competing for a position in the best companies in terms of diversity management (Diversity Inc, 2009). Act 1974. There is sufficient evidence that proves that companies benefit when they incorporate diversity in their operations, planning and decision-making. Lynes (2007)observes that some of this benefits can be observed and be stopped, measured within the short term. These include reduction of employee complaints and increase in output of employee. However, as (Zahavy Erez, 2002). adds, the major and most significant benefits are those that are ingrained into the organizations culture and have long term effects. Dying Swan. This will ensure sustainable cohesion, inclusion and overall productivity. Undertaking a management approach, that enhances on compliance, organization and market growth factors into everyday business operations will present immense benefits, reduce costs and can terrorism, increase profitability, (Rosenfeld, Landis Dalsky, 2003) add that it is imperative that, while undertaking diversity program implementation, business and organizations specific issues should be considered, as well as specific aims and objectives. In order to do so, the case for action should be analyzed in detail. Sacco and Schmitt (2003).notes that, the pertinent issues related to the organization and Relationship and the Essay, business case strategy include: i.Development of the organization. ii.Management of knowledge and skills.

v.Development of can terrorism products and services. Rosenfeld, Landis and Dalsky, (2003) further observes that the business case for cultural diversity management is based on the proven fact that businesses gain competitive advantage whey they have sound diversity management strategies and polices. This is Seeking the Perfect Relationship and the State, primarily because sustainable competitive edge is obtained from resources, which includes human resources, which are not easily replicable but go a long way into adding value to can terrorism be stopped, products and cola economics, services. Be Stopped. This facilitates the growth and development of the organization in Seeking the Perfect Between the Citizen and the State Essay a number of ways, which Sacco and Schmitt (2003) cites as: enhanced team and management functions. better long term strategies and be stopped, planning, which factor in demographic trends.

Better response and flexibility to changing markets. Better mechanisms for resolving employee conflicts and improved decision making. Improved chances of attracting better talent and employee retention. In terms of health act 1974 talent attraction and retention, Richard (2000) notes that organizations that have sound strategies in diversity management, and that address the can terrorism be stopped, issues of minority employees greatly cut down on employee turnover, which saves them money, retains skills and boosts the reputation of the organization within the global market. Seeking And The Essay. Businesses that are known to be fair, give equal opportunities to be stopped, their employees and have respect for all minority groups will be greatly preferred by all potential employees. Such organizations will always attract the best talent in the industry.

In addition, a good working environment that is not discriminative increases labor turnover as well as reducing employee absenteeism. Richard (2000) adds that a sound diversity management program reduces employee groupings in terms of cola economics insiders and outsiders, stimulates motivation, creates flexibility and enhances the productivity of employees. West and Frances (2007) goes on to say that when teams and team leaders are increasingly aware of cultural factors that exist within teams, then members will be better positioned to make meaningful contributions to the team. There is also reduction of the negative influence and teams are able to integrate for better outcomes. Specifically pertaining to global businesses, Wintenberg (2003) notes that linguistic diversity within the workforce will enable the organization to communicate easily with an international market. The business will also have more choices when considering international markets because they have become more culturally competent (Scott, 2007). Moreover, the organization will be more effective when recruiting and retaining of qualified personnel from oversees. Wintenberg (2003) adds that the company will also have more flexibility when going into the global market, whether through merging, joint ventures, franchising, acquisitions or exportation. Businesses will also be able to easily adopt to expatriate professionals and technicians. Can Terrorism Be Stopped. Ely and Thomas (2003) add that a company will be less likely to essay, fail in their global ventures and assignments.

According to Sacco and be stopped, Schmitt (2003), sustainable competitive edge is gained from the knowledge and skills among the act 1974, employees, which other competitors cannot be able to duplicate or obtain from the labor market. In this sense, knowledge is considered diverse and businesses should s t rive to create a knowledge based culture within its operation (Sinclair 2000) notes that the management of knowledge within an enterprise involves recognizing, formulating, ongoing expansion and improvement and can terrorism be stopped, sharing of the knowledge, insights and experiences of the organizations members. An organization that is knowledge based will find new and more effectives means of knowledge sharing among the employees to ensure that the its knowledge has strategic value (HR Focus, 2007). In this sense, global businesses have come to understand that diversity in cognition and information gives them competitive advantage within the global market. According to and saftey act 1974, Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) training, professional development and learning enhance to the above processes.

A culturally diverse environment presents numerous learning and growth opportunities to all employees. The employees have the opportunities to share their knowledge as well as their diverse experiences. Can Terrorism. By facilitating ongoing learning opportunities for Relationship Between Essay, personal or professional development makes the workforce more loyal and more willing to share their knowledge and experiences with their colleagues. HR Focus (2007) adds that when the diverse backgrounds of the employees are acknowledged, then their unique abilities and knowledge will be brought in performing some specific tasks or solving specific problems. Cultural diversity and competence training is also key in the management of a culturally diverse workforce and can terrorism be stopped, enhances the knowledge base of the business (Grimes, 2002). Training in dying swan cross cultural issues enhances how employees relate with each other and can terrorism be stopped, therefore boosts effectiveness of teams. Cross-cultural training also enhances customer service, as well as improving customer relationships. Cross cultural training of dying swan utmost importance as recent studies indicate that culturally different individuals perceive circumstances and situations differently as well as having very different ways of learning (Thalheimer, 2009). Grimes (2002) has identified a number factors that should be considered when creating a diversity programs strategy or program. These factors include pertinent questions that should be asked before deciding on the most suitable approach a particular company’s diversity program.

These questions are: i.What are the key aspects of cultural diversity among employees that need to be incorporated when making business plans and delivering services? ii.What are the factors related to the cultural diversity of the can terrorism be stopped, workforce influence planning, assigning duties and health act 1974, delivery of products and services. iii.What are the conflicts and can terrorism be stopped, misunderstandings that occur among the employees that are related to language or cultural differences? iv.How does cultural diversity impact performance of teams and dying swan, management within the business. v.Does the prevailing working atmosphere proved an atmosphere that encourages individuals to speak up about issues of cultural diversity.

vi.What are the key skills that team leaders and managers should posses to be stopped, manage and work with cultural diversity. vii.What is the current diversity management scenario within the company? Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) points out that, for tourism, an enterprise to develop a business case geared toward management of diversity, some crucial factors that impact business operations should be identified. The strategy should also determine the specific benefits, which will be accrued from investing time and other resources into a sound cultural diversity program. Communicating across cultures. Cultural differences affect how individuals communicate across cultures (Hostager De Meuse, 2003). In most cases of cross-cultural communication, information is can terrorism, often misconceived and misinterpreted due to the fundamental differences perceiving things. Childers (2005) adds that elements of cross cultural communication are fundamental when formulating a diversity program. The strategy should factor in key issues such as how cross-cultural communication affects team dynamics, resolution of cola economics conflicts, cooperation, innovativeness and other factors in the business.

In order to be stopped, be fully cultural competent, it is important for the workforce to have effective skills that will enable them to communicate across cultures effectively. This calls for a comprehensive understanding of culture, and the role it plays in people’s perceptions, attitudes, values and beliefs (Hostager De Meuse, 2003) O’ Sullivan (1994) defines culture as a system of shared beliefs and values shared among members of a particular group. Hosfede (1984) adds that culture is Rational Emotive Therapy Essay, a collective mind programming that differentiates members of one group from another. Hall (1989) added that communication is a form of culture and that culture is communication. He went on to say that meaningful interaction would not be possible other than through culture, as the medium of communication. According to Schein (1985), culture is a pattern of unconsciously held automatic assumptions that are often taken for granted. Hostager and can terrorism, De Meuse (2003) observes that there are various levels at which culture operates.

This include National, regional, occupational, organizational and cola economics, team levels of culture. He goes on to point out several areas at which culture functions on the personal level. These include upbringing, ideology and personality. Can Terrorism Be Stopped. West and Frances (2007) points out that, to understand and compare cultures, there is dying swan, need to generalize, but at be stopped, the same time clarify the difference between stereotyping and generalizing. Grouping of factors in logical categories that are coherent is what generalizing pertains.

Brickson (2003) notes that it is not possible to isolate all factors that are at Seeking the Perfect Between the Citizen and the Essay, play within interactions of culturally diverse individuals or groups. When observing various cultures, it is possible to generalize based on experience or knowledge. Some generalizations include: i.Western cultures are individualistic. ii.Asian cultures value politeness and discretions. Stereotyping, on the hand, is taking such generalizations and applying them to groups of people, without considering the inherent individual differences. This means that everyone within such a group has been stereotyped.

Cornes, (1998) notes that when thinking about workforce diversity, generalizations may occur at the initial stages, but there should be openness and can terrorism be stopped, modification of these perceptions and dying swan, generalizations as we gain more knowledge and information regarding the cultures we are dealing with. In addition, stereotypical views and opinions must be constantly challenged for the effective management of a culturally diverse workforce. It is of great importance for diversity management strategies to understand the demographic factors of the team or workforce to be attuned to trends and changes in be stopped population and its cultural composition Wintenberg (2003) According to HR Focus (2008), there are four basic factors that underlie cross cultural communication. Verbal behavior is the first factor and entails how individuals say and the way in which it is said. Here, tone, volume, rate and accents are involved. And Saftey Act 1974. The second factor is non-verbal behavior, which entails what is said without speech or talking. Non-verbal communicative behavior consists of body language, e.g. body movements and can terrorism be stopped, eye contact. …. adds that there is also object language that involves ornamentation, dress codes, and the environment within which the communication is being carried out such as the design of an office and the decor. The third element in cross cultural communication involve communication style. This is the preferred way of self expression and includes assumptions held regarding how to the Perfect the Citizen and the State, interact and communicate with others, and how we choose to convey what we wish to communicate.

The fourth factor is what we believe to be right. This is largely influenced by prejudices, values and attitudes. Of all the can terrorism, three elements of dying swan cross-cultural communication, this is regarded as composite and be stopped, involves ingrained feelings and beliefs regarding personal identity. This element also influences how we view the word, perceive and important, make judgment of others. In this chapter, the purpose of the study and the methods used to conduct the can terrorism be stopped, research will be addressed. It will also discuss the population and specific sample that was studied and how the data was acquired. The chapter will finally discuss the procedures used to analyzed archival data used for the study. A fundamental question that has guided past researches in cultural diversity at the workplace is Rational Emotive Behavior Behaviorism Essay, whether it enables corporations to perform better and realize more growth and profitability. The studies had have established that indeed, the role of culturally diversity at the workplace is can terrorism, important and does enable companies to become more competitive, both domestically and at the international platform. This is primarily so, especially for multinationals, because it gives them an international and inclusive appearance, making its activities and products more desirable and acceptable to an international market. It has also been established that cultural diversity in a company is of great value because it demonstrates that the company’s employment policies is in dying swan line with international standards and offers equal opportunities to all regardless of be stopped cultural, racial or religious background.

Such policies give the Rational Emotive, clientele confidence in can terrorism be stopped the company, and with prevailing awareness by consumers regarding ethical standards of companies where they procure their goods or services, the company stands to benefit from cultural diversity in cola economics its workforce. Initially, cultural diversity only began as an attempt to meet legal and government requirements but has eventually come to be recognized as a strategic precedence that can position a company more competitively on the global market. Be Stopped. Companies are increasingly dedicating a lot of time and dying swan, resources in training on diversity, creating benefits program for a culturally diverse workforce, and can terrorism be stopped, other such plans, all geared towards increasing and fortify cultural diversity within the workforce (Konrad, 2003). Corporations have come to appreciate the importance of diversity and consider it as a business imperative. Demographic shifts within the labor market, both domestically and internationally, particularly the rapid increase of tourism minority labor over the last decade has affected companies and businesses in various ways. Diversity at the workplace is driven by be stopped, three distinct factors, which are. i.Competition for the best employees: This drives companies to reach out to the diverse labor pool in search for the best talents suited for the organizations goals. ii.Globalization: Having a diversified workforce on health and saftey, the global platform is good business strategy as it enables the company handle effectively a diverse customer base.

This implies that the diversified workforce will ultimately increase the market share of the company. iii.Increased innovation and be stopped, creativity: This implies that the diversified workforce have more innovative and creative resources that are availed by the diversified demographics. The culturally diverse workforce has better group problem resolution ultimately leading to a competitive environment within the organization. With this in mind, the current research aims at exploring, evaluating and ultimately coming up with a suitably comprehensive strategy that will enable companies maintain optimum levels of tourism employee harmony, cohesion and can terrorism be stopped, motivation. The study will do so by using qualitative research to health, gather, evaluate and draw conclusions. The research design used for this study will be in the form of: i.Extensive literature review. This study aimed at identifying key strategies that will enhance harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees. In so doing, it is imperative that the study establishes key gaps and problems that inhibit harmonious working relationships among employees who are culturally diverse.

The primary source for this information was gathered from the human resource departments of seven multinational companies. The information was obtained by accessing the company websites and other relevant reports. Looking at the recent new-employee training manuals enabled the research to identify the latest training trends and the elements that received more emphasis in the training. The elements that were most emphasized in training by all seven companies reflected the areas that were deemed critical in enhancing the relationship between a culturally diverse workforce. They were also useful in recognizing possible problems that the companies had identified in employee relationships and had undertaken corrective measures to can terrorism, be covered in Seeking Between the Citizen and the Essay the training. Such strategies that were identified in be stopped six out of the seven companies that were evaluated included, ESL training for the immigrant workforce, and in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy vs. Traditional Behaviorism Essay four out of the seven companies, there was ESL training for can terrorism, new-employees in oversees companies, who were hired from the local labor force. In addition, three of the narrative essay, seven companies, which operated in Asian countries, enrolled their employees in intensive language training programs to learn the local language. This was particular for companies in can terrorism be stopped Japan, India and China.

Extensive literature review. Numerous studies have been conducted that address the question of diversity at the workplace and specifically cultural diversity at the workplace in the context of globalization. The qualitative research also involved carrying out extensive review of past studies conducted in the field of diversity management at the workplace. Literature in this area was established through conducting online data base searches using key words such as cultural diversity management, diversity at dying swan, the workplace and workplace policies and regulations on cultural diversity. This search yielded over be stopped, 2000 hits from the Between, various databases, which were further refined based on be stopped, their relevance to health and saftey act 1974, the research topic and their date of can terrorism be stopped publication. More recent articles were preferred as they reflected the Seeking Relationship the Citizen and the State, most recent research and strategies in cultural diversity and diversity management at the workplace. The aims of the extensive and systematic literature survey were to: identify all relevant published evidence on diversity management.

Select the most relevant studies and reports to be included in the study. Assess the quality and authenticity of each research or report. Synthesis the results and findings from the individual researches and can terrorism, reports in a way the would answer the research questions of the current study. Interpret the results of the articles used and come up with a balanced and cola economics, cohesive analysis while putting into consideration possible flaws in the past studies and reports. Draw out a comprehensive approach that would be effective in promoting harmony among culturally diverse employees. Journals were primarily considered as sources of can terrorism be stopped past research on diversity management because they not only contain the original research and findings of various studies, but also high quality peer reviewed and systematic reviews of the works. A systematic review also allows the researcher to examine both qualitative and quantitative evidence that were used in conducting the studies whose findings were included in this current systematic literature review. In a addition, integrating the systematic literature review process for Seeking the Perfect Relationship the Citizen Essay, a study enables the researcher to establish the can terrorism be stopped, feasibility, meaningfulness and appropriateness of the Citizen State past studies on the topic.

This is can terrorism be stopped, of great importance since not all systematic reviews or studies are conducted with meticulousness and some of the findings may be misleading or inconclusive. Systematically reviewing the articles and data through using leading questions would be useful in cola economics uncovering any deficiency in the articles and data. In conducting the literature survey a specific methodology is used, which is can terrorism, aimed at dying swan, minimizing bias while appraising the can terrorism be stopped, data and dying swan, reports of the articles and other publications. The approach also ensures that the selected data is relevant to the current research, and that it is suitably appropriate and can terrorism be stopped, meaningful. Tourism Important. The following steps were followed thorough out the systematic literature review. i.A well defined research question. This entails a comprehensive statement of the objectives of the study, issue of interest, relevant population of interest and the settings where the population exists. Be Stopped. The statement of objectives for the study also includes the kind of studies or evidence that will be instrumental in answering the research questions in addition to Rational Therapy vs. Traditional, the appropriate results and outcomes. These factors are extensively used to choose the most appropriate studies to can terrorism be stopped, be included in the literature review. ii.Literature search: Searching of both published and unpublished researches and and saftey act 1974, literature is meticulously carried out for the needed studies, which are related to the research topic and research questions. To ensure that the literature assessment is as unbiased as possible, the search is careful to include all studies therefore using multiple databases that include studies carried out in other countries.

Databases, websites and specialized search engines are useful in obtaining grey literature, which means works that have not been formally published. Be Stopped. These include conference proceedings, working papers, institutional reports and other such documents, which are not subject to Seeking the Perfect Relationship State Essay, peer review or editorial control. In addition, searching the references of full text articles produces more results for on relevant studies. Possible biases in this case include language bias, publication bias and selection bias (Dubben, 2005). iii.Assessment of literature: After identification of potential literature that may be used in the current study, it is can terrorism, important to make an assessment if the following manner. Eligibility against the criteria for the Perfect and the Essay, inclusion. Full text articles are then retrieved for those, which meet the criteria for inclusion. Subsequent to can terrorism be stopped, the selection stage for full text papers, the rest of the works are assessed to establish their framework for critical appraisal and methodological quality. Some poor quality paper will be excluded, but can be mentioned and discussed in the review.

Reported findings of the remaining studies are extracted on a form for data extraction. State. It is possible for be stopped, some studies to be excluded event at this advanced stage. Cola Economics. A listing of the included studies is generated at this point. iv.Synthesis of results: After analyzing the individual studies, they are synthesized to come up with cohesive information that addresses the research question. Be Stopped. The method of synthesizing the findings is dependent on the type of data that the why is tourism important, evidence has yielded. In the case where the work being reviewed yields data that is of qualitative nature, a meta-synthesis is carried out. Alternatively, a meta-analysis is conducted to analyze quantitative data. In the case that the quantitative data is not homogenous in can terrorism nature, the summaries in narrative form may be appropriate. v.Contextualizing the findings: In order to put the results of collective studies selected for the study in context, then a discussion of the findings is necessary. Discussion of results will address factors such as heterogeneity of selected studies, the quality of data, and potential for bias, in addition to how the results are applicable in real practice. Broad research question.

The broad research question that guided the study is: What is the most effective approach to cultural diversity at the workplace whilst maintaining employee harmony and Rational Emotive Behaviorism, cohesion? Other research questions. What specific actions can a business or organization undertake in order to manage cultural diversity at the workplace more effectively? What are the issues that are central to diversity management in organizations? What are the experiences of culturally diverse employees at the workplace? What are basic factors that are integral in cross-cultural communication? What are the key competencies in can terrorism be stopped managing culturally diverse employees? How can an organization manage its cultural diversity training guide? Questionnaires and Surveys.

Structured questionnaires and surveys were used to obtain primary data for this study. The target group consisted of about 80 respondents who were drawn from the seven companies used for the survey and other local and international companies not included in the initial survey. In the selected companies, a number of 6-10 employees were chosen including one from top management, one from middle management, one from the human resource department and the rest of the respondents being drawn from various working levels within the organization. Selecting respondents from all levels of the organization was in line with study’s aim of dying swan establishing suitable strategies that promote cohesion within a culturally diverse workforce. Employees at all levels are relevant to the study because they are bound to can terrorism, interact with a colleague from a different culture, and the way they interact with such a colleague is critical in understanding the gaps that exist within the culturally diverse workforce. The human resource department personnel were instrumental as respondents because they were central to the whole dynamics of employee relationships and the department was responsible for identifying missing links with culturally diverse colleagues, and had in the past or presently been involved in trying to identify strategies that would creating a strong working force. Top-level management respondents were selected because they were involved, at the very top, with ensuring that the company is competitively positioned in the market, and one way of doing so was to cola economics, ensure that the right strategies in employee management were in place. In this case, they were better positioned to make observations on how such decisions had influenced the company’s performance or affected its reputation and image. They are therefore more knowledgeable on the effectiveness of can terrorism be stopped past policies and strategies and Rational Therapy vs. Traditional Essay examples, possible new ones that would seal loopholes that emerge in relationships between culturally diverse employees..

Mostly open-ended questions were used in the questionnaire and can terrorism, were structured in such a way that would ensure the major research question was answered. The questions were directed to finding out how employees perceive individuals from cola economics different cultures, whether they had had difficulties in establishing communication or understanding what was intended in the communication. They also aimed at establishing the level of satisfaction of employees, given the prevailing employee benefits and be stopped, policies that address cultural diversity. The questions would also establish if workers felt appreciated and treated fairly within the cola economics, working environment, whether they had considered looking for new employment in the recent past. The questionnaire would also establish the level of can terrorism motivation of important employees, based on their relationship with colleagues, with management and on their general work output. The questionnaires have been specifically designed in a way that will help unearth key weaknesses and can terrorism be stopped, strengths in the strategies used in dealing with cultural diversity at the workforce. Subsequently, the act 1974, data acquired through this method will be analyzed in order to be stopped, answer the health, fundamental question on which this study is based.

Below are sample questions that the selected respondents will be required to be stopped, answer: Case study research is an effective approach as it facilitates the understanding of cola economics composite issues 3. Case studies enlarge experience and be stopped, strengthen what has already been established in previous studies. In this context, they highlight in-depth and dying swan, contextual analysis of a number of can terrorism be stopped occurrences or situations and high school, their inter-relation 7. Case study method in this research will be used to examine the existing situation in organization and how current approaches to managing cultural diversity at the workplace. This will in turn provide the foundation for the application of the be stopped, strategies and dying swan, ideas that will be generated from assessing the real-life situation of a culturally diverse working environment and can terrorism, the experiences of the individuals who do their work is narrative essay examples high school, such an environment. Case study methodology is defined as an be stopped, empirical inquiry that explores a current phenomenon within the real-life context 3. This is particularly effective in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy the case the phenomenon being investigated and the context cannot be clearly separated. Those who are opposed to case study research methodology observe that the examination of a limited number of cases is not sufficient to provide generality and reliability of the results while others feel that findings may become biases because of can terrorism overexposure to a particular case.

Other critics feel that case study methodology is health and saftey act 1974, only practical when used as an exploratory tool. However, the approach is capable of yielding authentic and minimally unbiased findings especially if it is augmented by other research methodologies such as qualitative inquiry and systematic literature review. Conducting a case study. The first step when conducting a case having definite research questions that will aid in addressing the broader research question for the study 5. The research questions enable the study to remain focused by establishing the purpose of conducting the study. In a case study, the object of can terrorism research is an Behavior Behaviorism examples, individual, an entity or a group of can terrorism people. Each study object may have historical, social, political and personal connections, which presents a broad range of possible questions and further compounds the case study. Case study methodology investigates the object of study comprehensively, by engaging various data collection methods to come up with evidence that will lead to the comprehension of the case and answer the guiding research questions 6. Mostly, case study methodology answers multiple questions, which are targeted towards a limited number of conditions or events and how they may be inter-related. It is more effective to cola economics, generate research questions for the case study after conducting an intensive literature review 6. In this case, the researcher is able to assess the studies, which have been previously conducted, therefore ensuring that the questions are refined and answer to the broader research question. Establishing the questions before embarking on the case study will direct the can terrorism be stopped, researcher to Seeking the Perfect Relationship Between the Citizen and the State, the appropriate places where evidence may be found.

Using this method enables the researcher to establish the method that will be used to analyze the data. The design for be stopped, the case study will be guided by the broad research question established in the intensive literature review. The guidelines that will be used in conducting this study are. What is the current practice in cultural diversity management in the companies selected for the case study? What is the approach is used when training in Seeking the Perfect the Citizen cultural diversity. To what extent is the can terrorism be stopped, workforce culturally diverse. What are the experiences of employees working in a culturally diverse environment? The second step involves selecting the cases to be used and the methods of data collection and why is tourism, data analysis that will be used 5. At the research design stage, the researcher decides how the cases will be selected and whether a single or multiple cases are going to be used. In the present study, multiple case study of can terrorism be stopped seven international companies will be used. Each case study will be treated as individual and single cases. The findings from each case study will be integrated as information adding to the whole research.

In order to ensure the validity of cola economics study, the case studies were carefully selected by examining many available choices. The decision to primarily use multinational companies was arrived because the sufficiently reflect the role and importance of cultural diversity at the workplace. In addition, they offer the be stopped, best-case scenario in which to investigate the experiences of individuals working in a culturally diverse environment, as they are more likely to have a higher number of multi-cultural individuals than domestic companies. In selecting the case studies, the researcher considered cases that have some unique aspect in their practice of diversity at school, the workplace, cases that may be considered as typical and those, which are representative of can terrorism be stopped various geographical regions and integrated various sizes for examples school, the research. This was facilitated by referring to be stopped, the purpose of the study in order to stay focus on cases, which would satisfy the main purpose of the study and provide answers the Rational Therapy vs. Traditional Behaviorism Essay examples, research questions. Selected companies for can terrorism be stopped, the case study. A significant strength that the case study approach bears is the ability to use multiple sources and various techniques in the process of dying swan data collection 5. The researcher predetermined the be stopped, type of evidence that would be gathered and Seeking the Perfect Relationship Between the Citizen and the, the type of techniques that would be used to analyze the collected data in can terrorism a way that comprehensively answers the main, as well as other research questions. In this case, the data will be analyzed using qualitative method. The tools of data collection included surveys, observation and interviews. Questionnaires were also given to employees in the companies where case studies were being conducted. The designated tools for data collection were used systematically in the collection of evidence 5. The design was carefully formulated to ensure that it adhered to internal, external and construct validity and Rational Emotive Therapy, reliability.

Internal validity of the case study design is important as it proves that certain situations and conditions lead to other conditions. This requires using several pieces of evidence from various sources to unearth convergent points of investigation. External validity demonstrates whether the results can be generalized to a wider population. Can Terrorism Be Stopped. In this case, the ability of the cola economics, study to yield similar results in variations of can terrorism be stopped geographical area and population indicates that it has high external validity. External validity in this case was established through cross-case and within-case checks together with the systematic review of literature. Reliability of study design refers to the precision of the measurement used, accuracy and Rational examples, stability.

The design of can terrorism reliable designs for the Perfect, conducting case studies ensures that the methods and procedures are properly documented and the steps can be repeated by other studies many times and come up with similar results 10. Step 3. Preparation for Collecting the Data. Next is the preparation for data collection, the actual data collection and subsequent evaluation and analysis of the data. It is of great importance to systematically organize data since case studies usually generate a lot of data because of the multiple sources involved. There is potential for the researcher to become overwhelmed by the data generated, and systematic organization will alleviate this possibility 16. Prior preparation in the management of data is of great importance. The researcher should have well prepared categories for sorting the data, storing and retrieving for synthesis and analysis. The case study research methodology enabled the researcher to can terrorism, make observations and identify underlying factors that are related to the phenomenon under observation 16. The raw data was examined through engaging various interpretations to Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Essay, establish possible connections and be stopped, linkages between the narrative essay examples high school, object of research and can terrorism, with reference to the research questions of the present study. All through the analysis and act 1974, the evaluation procedure, the researcher stayed open to emerging insights and opportunities.

This is especially important because case study methodology and the multiple techniques used for data collection and evaluation, present the researcher with various opportunities for can terrorism be stopped, data triangulation to why is tourism, strengthen the overall results and conclusions from the study. The data was deliberately sorted in can terrorism different ways to unearth new insights and made a deliberate effort to identify any data that may be conflicting 12. Narrative Examples High School. The research was categorized and data merged in a way that would address the research questions for the current study. Be Stopped. Explicit techniques included placing the data into arrays, formulating categories, making visual representations such as flow charts and charting the frequency with which events of cola economics interest to the study occur. The researcher used collected quantitative data to confirm and corroborate the qualitative data.

A cross case investigate of emerging patterns was also conducted, which ensured that conclusions were not made prematurely 7. This was accomplished through evaluating the data from various perspectives. The data was divided according to type across all the cases that were investigated. Can Terrorism. When a pattern became evident and was in Emotive Therapy Essay turn corroborated by data from another case study, then the be stopped, results gained much more authenticity. In the case of conflicting information and data, further investigation of the detected differences was done to dying swan, establish the origin of the conflict. This chapter discusses the findings of the can terrorism, case study and provides a review of the research question. In addition, the chapter discusses findings from the questionnaires as well as the why is, results from the extensive review of literature. Lastly, the chapter will provide an analysis and synthesis of the results of all data accrued in the process of conducting this research.

The research question that guided this study aimed at identifying and effective strategy for be stopped, prompting harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees. GlaxoSmithKline is a leading global pharmaceutical company that is headquartered in the UK, with its operations based in health act 1974 the United States. The company operates in more than 100 countries and be stopped, supplies about seven percent of all pharmaceutical supplies globally. Examples. In 2002, Glaxo welcome and SmithKline merged to form the present GlaxoSmithKline. The company has a deep commitment towards improving the health and overall quality of all human beings across the globe. Can Terrorism. It has three distinct units, which are the vaccines, consumer healthcare and pharmaceutical departments. The company has a policy, employee relations, diversity and inclusion department that is mandated with ensuring that that all company polices are compliant with the law and culturally correct. The department ensures that the company adhered to its fundamental processes so that there is cohesion and harmony between employees and the company, and between the employees. The department is and saftey act 1974, also mandated with creating an environment that is inclusive and be stopped, where all employees are enabled to give their full potential.

There is also the recruitment department, which is mandated with ensuring best practice in the recruitment of employees. The department is small, with a team of three which primarily deals with the recruitment of Rational Emotive Essay examples graduate employees to work in can terrorism be stopped sales and marketing, finance, IT, pharmaceutical department, chemists, engineers, biologists e.t.c. The department has plays a great role in ensuring that the company attracts and retains individuals with great talent, in Between the Citizen and the State Essay addition to providing the environment where they will be able to realize their greatest potential. These departments will be used to analyze key strategies, and recruitment process of GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) focusing on the procedure and specific policies and can terrorism be stopped, initiatives that the company uses to promote and health and saftey act 1974, manage cultural diversity among the be stopped, employees. GSK’s mission on the Perfect Between the Citizen and the Essay, diversity and inclusion endeavors to capture the divergent perspectives, styles, experiences and knowledge of that resides within the global community. The basic principle that informs the GSK’s strategy for diversity and inclusion is having a company, with an inherent culture of inclusiveness, which is as attractive as possible to potential employees, who once they join, would be reluctant to leave. The culture of inclusiveness endeavors to be stopped, ensure that employees remain in the company for a long time and their experiences within the cola economics, organization enable them to realize their best potential. In this case, employee diversity entails acquiring the best employees for be stopped, the job, regardless of nationality, race creed, age or gender, sexual orientation or physical ability. Diversity and narrative, inclusion strategies for be stopped, the GSK also entail establishing an inclusive culture and narrative high, personnel that reflects the variety and can terrorism be stopped, full potential of the society, which we live in. The long-term mission of act 1974 GSK involves targeted growth, both in UK and overseas, expansion, and improvement of the quality life through empowering individuals to do more, feel better and can terrorism, live longer.

In most cases, a large part of the company’s practices on diversity and inclusion are enhanced by national as well as international legislation of workplace diversity. Dying Swan. This applies for be stopped, GSK, whose various human resource departments are mandated with the interpretation and tourism important, subsequent translation of can terrorism be stopped diversity legislation into cultural diversity policies and practices that are specific and comprehensive in nature. Diversity practices and polices for GSK are formulated to why is tourism important, reflect the themes and priorities of the can terrorism, society in which the multinational company is operating. This is because individuals from different cultures will have difficulties in comprehending the aspects of another culture. For example, employees in a UK based branch will have difficulties in understanding the caste system of Indians co-workers. Cola Economics. Similarly, Indians will have difficulties in comprehending ethnic minorities simply because they are not familiar with such terms. To aid in the translation of can terrorism legal prerogatives into a practical applications within the local context, GSK engages in consultation with external companies and employees. In UK, GSK has established links and is a member of organizations such as Employers forum on age, Opportunity now, Employers Forum on Disability, Race for Opportunity and Stonewall. These organizations play an invaluable role in the diversity management at GSK as they provide priceless guidance and advice on their specific areas.

In addition, as much as most policies and strategies may entail the narrative essay high school, top-down approach, the role of employees is significant as they too, facilitate the course of action through UK information and consultation forum architecture which covers all business. In this case, there are employee representatives in every business, who participate in can terrorism the process by suggesting changes in diversity strategies and policies. The role of employee networks is also instrumental as it provides feedback from the workforce. Cola Economics. There are employee networks within the global GSK enterprise, which include: i.Early career networks. ii.Primetime partners network. iii.Asian employees network. iv.Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender network. v.Religious networks, which cover the countless religions. All the employee networks within GSK business are driven by the employees themselves.

These platforms not only offer support, but also enhance inclusiveness and a wholesome working relationship culture but an effective approach towards maximizing employee retention and realization of individual potential. People have the inherent desire to belong, have a voice and feel valued. According to diversity management reports of GSK, such strategies have ensured a 7.3% rise in can terrorism be stopped employee retention since 2007. Since 2003, there has been a 2% increase in senior positions occupied by women. Flexible working is yet another fundamental strategy that is regarded as instrumental in attracting talent as well as retaining it.

This strategy also enables employees to achieve maximum output and enhances attainment of their individual goals. Flexibility is a fundamental tradition that GSK has engaged in for a long time, but in modern times, the and saftey act 1974, organization is seeking new ways on how to use the flexibility strategy in employment practices to can terrorism, enable employees realizes the greatest potential. Relationship Between And The State Essay. The working flexibility approach is can terrorism be stopped, geared towards enhancing the productivity of workers instead of focusing on how long an employee is present at their workstation. This move will see that employees work 24 hours a day, seven days a week, but this will be on the terms of the employees. A strong culture practically means that individuals retain the ability and have the means with which to practice their values in any given setting. The Perfect Relationship Between The Citizen. In the past several years, GSK has placed particular emphasis on the recruitment and retention of women as well as their progression. In addition, the company has focused on specific factors related to disability. Focus on disability as a fundamental factor in diversity management is be stopped, primarily driven by the fact that GSK is an organization based on provision of healthcare. In order to have a comprehensive policy on employees with disabilities, GSK has entered into consultation with the Employers forum on disability (EFD) to ensure that strategies formulated for this particular group was sufficiently comprehensive and addressed individual needs of dying swan people with disabilities.

Consulting with EFD has enabled GSK to revise some outdated policies that were too complacent for contemporary times and the needs and rights of the disabled. Though the move was initially criticized as a commercially motivated move, the company has come to be viewed as an employer that is friendly towards the disabled, therefore increasing job applications from this particular group and subsequently gaining greater access to better talent in the job market. Recruitment strategies used by GSK, and which are geared towards enhancing cultural diversity at the workforce include lowering the minimum grade required to qualify. This in turn ensures that they are able to recruit from many universities, which ensures that the pool of applicants is more diverse. Information on recruitment of graduates is done through the company website, career fairs and graduate brochures ensuring that they reach a larger population and therefore have a higher number of culturally diverse applicants.

The recruitment strategy is reviewed frequently and through this, disabled individuals have gained more access to can terrorism be stopped, GSK career opportunities. Disabled applicants have are guaranteed a job interview, provided they have the minimum criteria that the position requires. On the whole, the inclusion and diversity strategies by GSK are largely effective and their recruitment procedures are outstanding. This has ensured that the health act 1974, employees are motivated and gain the be stopped, feeling of belongingness. This in turn ensures that employees work for the betterment of the organization because they feel that they have stake into the well-being of the company.

A unique element observed in cola economics the diversity and inclusion strategies of GSK is the attempt to be stopped, link diversity for the purpose of talent attraction and essay high school, retention with fundamental ethical and moral standards. Can Terrorism. In this case, business driven diversity management may not be the best possible solution in attaining the best for the business. This is illustrated by the company’s extensive inclusions of tourism employees with disability, which has subsequently enabled the organization to can terrorism, be increasingly perceived as disability friendly. GSK is also shifting focus on the fixed nine to five working hours because they have recognized that it may not be best way to encourage productivity within the workforce. This is drawn from the important, notion that if employees are given the opportunity to adapt and align themselves on work patterns most suited for them, and then they are motivated to be stopped, worker harder at the time when they are most productive. The Perfect Relationship Between The Citizen And The State. GSK views employee effectiveness as not driven by can terrorism, the number of hours that the workers put in their office but how their employees are able to achieve a balance of cola economics high productivity with flexible working hours. The following is a summary of key strategies that GSK engages in the promotion of can terrorism be stopped cultural diversity and management:

Recruitment: The company policy towards recruitment of a culturally diverse workforce is based on their commitment to create “a culture, where individual differences are understood, respected and valued” (. ). The company further observes that diversity is both a business and a cultural reality that exists on all levels of the company. The company believes that the contributions and talents of their diversified workforce should be put to good use and appreciated. This way, the business is able to achieve its highest benefits as well as those of its employees and customers. Hard work is rewarded with excellent pay, benefits, and bonuses. The company has a unique strategy that gives employees opportunities to earn more based on their performance. This is why is important, highly motivation especially when integrated with the flexible working hours approach. Employee Diversity: This is enhanced through initiatives such as employee networks, mentoring opportunities where employees can learn more about the job and can terrorism, culture, from an employee who is Emotive Therapy Behaviorism Essay examples, more experienced. Flexible working options that enable employees have a well balanced approach on work and life, hiring female and minority employees which ensures that equal opportunities for all members of the society, there company also develops ability through its talent review program high potential employees are motivated to can terrorism, have a well defined career path that suits their needs and talents. There are also training programs aimed at developing potential through on job training, self-study and web-based learning. In addition, the company strives to ensure that the working environment encourages and facilitates learning and development.

For GSK, cultural diversity is imperative as the company is shifting its focus on traditional western markets and establishing operations in emerging markets particularly in Asian countries such as Japan. This presents the need for GSK to adopt even more comprehensive diversity management strategies in its attempts to capture a bigger market share as it launches into new markets and geographical areas. The company’s code of conduct and the employee guide to health act 1974, ethical conduct clarifies key aspects that address the issue of cultural diversity and be stopped, the behavior that is expected from all employees regarding the issue. The following are excerpts pull randomly from health GSK’s employee guide to ethical conduct, that addresses the expected behaviour and responsibility of employees in promoting cohesion and harmony in a culturally diverse working environment. The principles stated therein are effective because they give the be stopped, employee an active and direct role in promoting.

Equal and inclusive treatment of gsk employees [pol-gsk-204] GSK recognises the value of striving for a balanced work force and dying swan, is committed to the principles of equal opportunity, equality of be stopped treatment, and creating a dynamic climate where diversity is why is, valued as a source of be stopped enrichment and opportunity. All phases of the employment relationship including recruitment, hiring, training, promotion, compensation, benefits, transfers, layoffs, and leaves of absence—will be carried out by cola economics, all managers without regard to race, colour, religion, gender, age, sexual orientation, ethnic or national origin, disability, or (in the US) status as a disabled veteran or veteran of war. We will also provide reasonable accommodation for employees’ disabilities and religious beliefs and practices. Every GSK employee has the right to work in an environment that is free from harassment and can terrorism be stopped, in.

which issues of the Perfect harassment will be resolved without fear of reprisal. Harassment will not be permitted or condoned within GSK, whether it is based on be stopped, a person’s race, colour, ethnic or national origin, age, gender, real or suspected sexual orientation, religion or perceived religious affiliation, disability, or other personal characteristic. The use of GSK property, bulletin boards, computers, or documents as a vehicle for harassment is prohibited. All employees are expected to take personal responsibility for upholding company standards by treating with dignity and respect all job applicants, fellow employees, customers, contract and temporary personnel, and Rational Therapy vs. Traditional Essay examples, any other individuals associated with GSK. Armstrong, M. (1998). Be Stopped. Organisational Culture- A Handbook of Human Resource Management. Practice chapter 19, sixth edition, Kogan Page. Bernstein, J. (2005). The 21st Century Workplace –Preparing for Tomorrow’s Employment. Trends Today: A testimony that was given before the health act 1974, U.S senate committee on health, education, labour and pensions.

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Database Coursework Identify the User’s Needs. The name of the company I work for at the moment is “HMV”. Be Stopped? The person who owns the company is a man called Raj Bir. He works at the game rental office making sure that everything is satisfactory. Dying Swan? The owner is known to me as he is an old school friend of my father. The company is a game rental service. They lend games out to can terrorism, customers for a small charge and fine them if they are overdue. The company I work for dying swan, has existed for three years. The company is not a huge company; it’s just not very small either. The rent we pay for the office we work at, where “HMV” is run proves to be a huge financial demand.

The address is 2 Clifford gardens, Hayes, Middlesex, UB3 1NX. The company at present has seven employees, including the staff and the cleaners. The company has a reasonable amount of members although more finances would help them to expand this clientele. Can Terrorism? The company is narrative essay school successful; it brings in can terrorism be stopped enough money to pay off all the employees and allows the manager to make a profit. It is just not as extensive as the manager has hoped yet. Need essay sample on Database Coursework Identify the User’s Needs ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. The company is a local game renting service providing members with all the latest and up to date games to rent.

We have a variety of why is tourism important members from all from be stopped, all ethnic communities and for this reason we have every genre of game there is. We make most of our money from our rental service, however we also make a bit from Seeking the Perfect Relationship Between the Citizen State Essay, fining for overdue games. At the can terrorism be stopped moment it is a very time consuming effort to run our game service. It currently takes about twice as long as needed and Behavior, hopefully with shorter wait times we will get more customers. Also with it taking a long time to take place the staff do not get as much work as they can done with a faster system. I have been asked to can terrorism, create a game rental service on the computer. It should be made so people who use it know what to do and important, it is clear. It should a lot less time consuming and can terrorism, a lot more attractive. Hopefully this new system will attract a lot more members to join and make their time in store a lot less time consuming.

Also it will remind staff if anyone has overdue games so we can send them a fine and ask them to return it a.s.a.p. The current system. The Manager or the employees complete the basic functions of the store everyday. These include; renting out essay examples high school, games, putting returned games backs and checking for any overdue games. To rent a game out at the moment this is what the staff/manager has to do. Inside every game cover there will be a piece of paper stuck on it with a red envelope. The piece of paper will be where we stamp on can terrorism be stopped when to bring it back and health act 1974, inside the red envelope is a green card. That green card has the name of the game, the manufacture, the be stopped genre and the game number on it.

When a game is loaned from ‘HMV’ the employee/manager removes the Seeking the Perfect Between the Citizen State Essay green card and writes the name and be stopped, address of the person who borrows it. They also write down the health and saftey act 1974 date it is borrowed and the due date. Currently you have the game for three weeks. These green cards and then stored in a box in can terrorism be stopped the managers office. The oldest loans will be at Rational Behavior Therapy Behaviorism Essay the back of the pile and the newer loans will be at the front. The employee/manager then stamps the piece of paper inside when the game should be due back. Then the member takes the game away and can terrorism be stopped, plays it. When someone returns the game they give it to the employee/manager.

He/she then searches through the green cards to Rational Behavior Therapy vs. Traditional examples, find the find the matching card. Then the employee/manager removes the details of the loan by scribbling it out or by using tippex. When the be stopped green card has been placed back into the game the employee/manager puts that game on a trolley with games to health and saftey act 1974, be put back. Be Stopped? Every hour the games are placed back on the shelves. The overdue loans for dying swan, the games are worked at the end of the can terrorism day by the employee/manager.

He/she looks through every card starting at the back of the box. He/she will flick through the cards at why is important the back looking and can terrorism, checking if any games are overdue e.g. back yesterday or back today etc. Once that card is taken out it is then placed into dying swan, an overdue box. Can Terrorism? The employee/manager then fills out a form with the member’s details and dying swan, when the can terrorism game was due back. Seeking The Perfect Relationship And The Essay? This from is sent to the members address via post. This process is be stopped repeated every day and can be very time consuming. If after 1 week the member has still not returned the dying swan game then the employee/manager writes another letter to be stopped, the same person. Problems with the current system:

Our company operates functional at the moment however there are a lot of problems with our system. Our first and most important problem is that it takes too long. Behavior Therapy Behaviorism Essay? When someone wants to take a game out we have to have to take the card out of the games case. Then we write all the appropriate information on it and store it away. When someone returns a game they bring back the game to can terrorism be stopped, the counter. We then ask for their name and look through all of the cards till we find theirs. Seeing as there are approximately seventy cards in at important all time, it takes a long time to can terrorism be stopped, find it. Once we have the card we have to Seeking, cross there details out of it either using a pen or tippex.

Finally we put the card back into the game case and leave it on the trolley to be put back. If we can speed this process up then we may be able to attract more people to join as it will not waste much of their time. Another common problem we have is making mistakes with overdue fines. Sometimes when we flick through the cards two of be stopped them get stuck to each other so they look like one card. This can cause huge problems as when we discover the two cards next to cola economics, each other someone can get a huge hefty fine. This is not good for our reputation as the member will think we did this on purpose as we gave him no warning.

We also have problem with storage. Currently there are cards all over the place and be stopped, they take up a lot of space. It is also a messy process and there is not a lot of organisation. Also all the why is important members details are on printed papers and take up a lot space. In the case if a fire we will lose all our files and card as we have no backup.

There is also a bit of crime that goes on in `HMV`. Some people come into shop with the intention of stealing a game. Can Terrorism Be Stopped? They walk over to the game and take the envelope out of the front case. Relationship The Citizen Essay? Once this is done they chuck that envelope away so there is can terrorism be stopped no proof that they did it. Then they walk out and if a staff member questions them they say that it is there game that they brought from home and get away with it. Tourism Important? This is costing the company a lot of money to pay for all these lost games. Sometimes when a staff member has messy hand writing then it is can terrorism hard for anyone else use information that he/she has written down. For example if a staff member writes down a members address on a card and the Perfect Relationship and the State Essay, that person has an overdue game we need to send a reminder to their house. However if they have very messy writing on the card we will not be able to get the address to send the reminder. This means that when they do bring it back we have a big fine for them. Non ICT Solution 1.

A non ICT solution for making sure that people don’t steal the games is that you could use a stronger more efficient glue to stick the can terrorism envelopes. Currently we use a cheap glue to Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy vs. Traditional examples, stick it on and it is can terrorism be stopped easy to rip it off. If we use a stronger one hopefully people won’t be able to rip it off. However this will cost the company a lot more money to buy it. Non ICT Solution 2. A non ICT solution for storing the cards away is that you could store all of these documents in a closet or in a filing cabinet instead of the computers memory. The problem with this though is health and saftey that it will take up a lot of space whereas if you keep it saved on be stopped the computer it wont take up much space at all. An ICT solution for Rational Emotive Therapy vs. Traditional, creating the Game Rental Service is that you create it on can terrorism Microsoft word. Word specialises in inputting text, making tables and formatting it to make it look nice. It contains many tools like Mail Merge, Templates, and dying swan, Fill-in fields with promote boxes, macro fill-in fields and an auto date.

They also have basis features such as changing the colour and font of text, inserting word art and clip art, making tables, inserting shapes and having a spelling and grammar checker. A mail merge is useful for writing letters or invitations to can terrorism, people. All you have to do is write the letter you want and then type a list of recipients. The list of recipients is stored in your computer where you choose to save it. In the list you can put their details and whatever information about them you want. Once you have finished writing the letter and recipients list all you have to do is insert a field e.g. “firstname” and if you press preview results you can see the name you typed in the list. You can change the person by cola economics clicking an arrow on the toolbar. This is very useful as you only can terrorism be stopped need to click an Rational Behavior Therapy examples, arrow to change the information instead of changing the text by deleting the be stopped old one and typing a new one in. Why Is Tourism? You can use this tool to send letters to can terrorism be stopped, people when they have an overdue game. If you want to open a document and edit it but keep the original the same, you just open a template and it will make a new copy by itself.

All you have to do is choose what you want to call it. This saves you opening a word document, changing it and then pressing save as. If your document is Emotive Behavior not a template and you save it, it will overwrite the current document. The automatic date and time field tool allows you to automatically update the date and time, if you click the update automatically tick box. Every time you open the document the date and time will have been updated. This is very useful if used on a template as a template opens a new copy every time so it will always keep updating the time. Fill-in fields with promote boxes saves you a lot of time. If you open a document, boxes will appear at you saying type of can terrorism subject.

Once you type it in and press ok, it will insert the tourism important text into your document where you chose it to be while you were creating it. Macro fill-in fields allow you to type something in, for example, “Type here”. When you click the “type here” it will highlight all the text for can terrorism be stopped, you so it will save you highlighting the text and why is tourism, pressing delete. This tool can be used for when someone is renting out a game and you can easily enter their details. However Word does not have some of the crucial things needed in making the can terrorism be stopped game rental service e.g. Rational Emotive Therapy Examples? being able to can terrorism be stopped, check if a game is overdue and Relationship Between the Citizen and the, being able to import data.

Another possible is that you create it on Microsoft Excel. It contains many tools that would assist in realising making the game rental service. The spreadsheet application is used for working out can terrorism, calculations and various sums. Also it is excellent for formatting and creating as it as many tools that makes this possible. Some of the tools that are in it are templates, auto date, auto sum, if statements, V look up and cell protection.

Also it has loads of basic features which are changing the colour and font of text, inserting word art and clip art, making tables, inserting shapes, page backgrounds, formatting cells and having a spelling and grammar checker. If you want to open a document and dying swan, edit it but keep the original the same, you just open a template and be stopped, it will make a new copy by itself. All you have to do is choose what you want to call it. This saves you opening an excel document, changing it and then pressing save as. If you forget to press save as and your document is dying swan not a template it will just override the current document. The auto sum tool is very useful for working out calculations but the again very simple to use at the same time. You should highlight all of the cells that you want it to include and then click auto sum. Can Terrorism Be Stopped? It is that easy.

Also you can do all different things with it not just addition but subtraction, multiplication, division and average. This tool will become very helpful in working out overdue fines. The automatic date and time field tool allows you to automatically update the date and time, if you click the update automatically tick box. Every time you open the document the health and saftey act 1974 date and time will have been updated. This is very useful if used on a template as a template opens a new copy every time so it will always keep updating the time.

If statements allow you to create scenarios, for can terrorism be stopped, example in the game rental service you can say ‘if’ the game becomes overdue then say overdue. This can save a lot of time as you will not need to go through everyone checking if someone has an overdue game. V look up is used to look up from other cells into school, the selected cell. Can Terrorism? In the Game rental service you can use it so when you enter the why is member number then all their details appear or when you enter the game number all of the games details appear. This can be very useful and quick as all you need to do is enter a number and all their details appear instead of can terrorism typing out all of their details.

Cell protection is a tool that used to block people typing in to certain cell. The Perfect Between The Citizen Essay? In the Game Rental Service you could use it on the important formula cells so a staff member does not accidently delete it. However Excel does not have some critical features in making the be stopped Game rental service e.g. Seeking Relationship And The State? being able to can terrorism be stopped, create reports and being able create queries. A Database application would appear appropriate. It contains many tools that would assist in realising many of the end-user’s wishes. Some of these are: It has a lot of basic features that can be used to tourism important, make the system easier to be stopped, use and to make it look more presentable.

Some of these features are Formatting cells, fonts, text, background colour, style and creating tables. They also have an advanced feature called queries. Queries are questions asked to narrative examples, the database and can terrorism be stopped, you can create them to do certain tasks. For our game renting service we can create a query to check who has taken a game out on what day or if anyone has got an overdue games. These can be very useful as they can shorten the time needed to work something else. There is also another type of query called Parameter Queries. These are queries that make it easier as they come up with a pop up box that asks for information and once entered it enters it into the database automatically. These can be used to easily search for a member and Seeking the Perfect Essay, find out information about them. You are also able to create reports.

You can use reports like letters and send them to people. In our rental game case it will be very useful as you can use it to be stopped, send to people with overdue games. Combo boxes allow you to cola economics, save a lot of time and are very useful. You click on the combo box and then the all the membership or game numbers come up. When you find the one you want, click it and all the can terrorism other details come up automatically. This can be very helpful in the rental form as it saves you a lot of time. Macro buttons can be used to either add a new record, delete a record, go forward one record or go backwards one record. These can be useful when navigating through the records. Rational Emotive Behaviorism? This will be helpful on the game issue form as they allow you to go through the records with ease. Filtering is used so you can choose how your table results appear e.g. having overdue games at the top of the list. This can be helpful as you can set the table out how you want it.

End User Requirements. The system should look very appealing to and it should be very easy for anybody to use. It should have a feature that works out automatically if anyone has an overdue game. Every document in the system should have the same house style. The system should have buttons in it that do certain commands. Once the button is clicked the command should be done straight away without the can terrorism end user having to do anything else. There should be a charge used to calculate the fee for overdue games. The drop down menus should show the right information for its specific task. From the drop down menus when the cola economics membership or game number is can terrorism be stopped picked or the rest of the appropriate details should appear. There needs to be a query made that has popup windows with commands e.g. type first name here.

When you type it in cola economics it should be inserted into the document in the correct place. There needs to be a complex query which is made that shows who is overdue and that works. A report needs to be made based on the query to show overdue games and can terrorism, who is overdue. A game issue form needs to be made with combo boxes and Seeking Relationship Between the Citizen State, command buttons that work. A parameter query needs to can terrorism, be made that works that uses post code to search for members. There needs to be a charge field that works out a fee for overdue games.

There needs to Seeking the Perfect the Citizen and the State, be three tables, one members table, one games table and one loans table.