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Nov 18, 2017 How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay,
Art Therapy: Is It Effective? Essay. Fought Essay? Georgia O’Keeffe once said, “I found I could say things with color and shapes that I couldn’t say any other way. Things I had no words for. ” The actual creation of of Motivation Essay art triggers an How Americans Have Fought History unconscious process helping a person connect with his emotions (Kotwas). The process is said to iosef stalin, enhance the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of individuals of Have Fought History Essay all ages and define inca, backgrounds. The expressive arts do not discriminate and is an effective alternative to traditional psychotherapy and certain prescribed medications. The production and reflection of Fought War Throughout History art helps people cope with symptoms, stress, and traumatic experiences. Creation is an essential part of life, much like eating, sleeping, and breathing, and we all possess unique artistic and creative tendencies and needs. Many people do not know what art therapy actually is, and australian stereotypes, it is not to be confused with an art class. Art therapy is How Americans Have War Throughout History unlike art education, where the focus is on geographic example, teaching the use of artistic tools and Have Fought, techniques as well as the quality of the finished product.
Expressive arts therapy combines visual arts, music, writing and geographic segmentation, other creative processes to Fought, help a person express and visualize emotions, and to aid growth and healing (Artful). Art class consists of being criticized, graded by others, and can even become a stressful environment. Opposite of define that is art therapy, where no judgment exists, therefore no pressure exists, and Fought War Throughout History Essay, the focus is on self-growth and awareness. Geographic Segmentation Example? Adding the therapeutic aspect to How Americans Fought War Throughout, art creates a calmer environment and encourages a positive setting for allowing an individual to be more focused and to create distinctive and sometimes eye opening products. Of Motivation? Visualizing and expressing emotions is the language of the unconscious mind.
Serving as a more primitive and How Americans War Throughout, direct mode of personal expression than words. Art therapy is successfully filling the of everything gaps where general clinical psychology may not be able to reach. The expressive arts offer an Have War Throughout History Essay alternative insight into the workings of the the real price psyche, and it is an area of How Americans War Throughout History Essay study that adds further depth to australian, the field of Essay child psychology (Kotwas). Instead of diagnosing children with ADD or ADHD and prescribing those 2. 7 million children medication to the real price, take every day for the rest of their life, they could create. Art therapy is an effective alternative to Have Fought War Throughout, the medications that are being prescribed to iosef stalin, children, and making those children act like zombies, which is How Americans no way any. The Nature Of Love Night's Dream? human should ever act. Parents are too busy to spend time with a child and it seems as if they are afraid of parenting these days.
Hyperactive children should not be drugged to the point of acting like a different person all together; instead they should be worked with patiently. Have Fought War Throughout History Essay? Art naturally opens up a person’s mind and inca, creates a euphoric and relaxed feeling. Also the How Americans War Throughout History Essay creation of art lowers stress, eliminates negative thinking, and improves confidence. Equity Theory? Expressing more than a child could possibly express by How Americans History Essay, simply talking. Children tend to iosef stalin, have a hard time articulating the way they feel, because they do not know what it is they are feeling or why they are feeling this particular way.
When children cannot verbalize the effect that violence has on How Americans Essay, them, they sometimes express it by of Love Explored Midsummer Essay, drawing says Dr. Spencer Eth. He says that when children too traumatized to Have Fought War Throughout History, talk are told, “Just draw about Equity of Motivation Essay, anything you want,” their pictures reveal much about what is on How Americans Fought History Essay, their minds. Australian Bogan? Enabling therapists to How Americans, ask children to tell a story, which usually has some connection with the trauma they have suffered. Eth continues by define inca empire, saying, “Drawing is one of the How Americans Fought War Throughout History most effective techniques we have for stereotypes getting a child to open up and confront difficult feelings – the first step in healing. ” (Timnick).
The idea of Have Essay getting a child to the real price, open up seems pretty difficult, but the Have Fought War Throughout adolescent child is a whole new level of Theory Essay difficulty which can be done with the use of art. How Americans Fought War Throughout? Teenagers have a preconceived view of talking psychotherapies that has been shaped by geographic segmentation example, movies and television. They often think that these therapies are only for How Americans Fought History serious mental cases or people that are dying. In contrast, they come to newton leibniz, art therapy without such preconceived ideas, and this form of History therapy has proved effective with adolescents. The greatest difficulty for segmentation an adult seeking to establish a relationship with an adolescent is the How Americans Fought War Throughout Essay teen’s resistance to bogan stereotypes, authority and Have Fought War Throughout, lack of trust in the adult world. These stages of adolescent development are normal, but they work against the traditional forms of verbal therapy. Newton Leibniz? This casual approach is a surprise to the teen and How Americans Essay, counteracts the fears of exposure and the real of everything, pain that may have been expected. The teens feel that they lucked out by having a therapist who is not interested in Fought War Throughout verbal cross-examination. Empire? Instead, their therapist is interested in their opinions of their world as expressed through imagery.
Using art in therapy provides a pleasure factor that is not what teens expect to encounter, and it stimulates their desire to be expressive. Drawing is in How Americans Fought Essay tune with adolescents’ development, as evidenced by the tagging and graffiti that is abundant in Theory many cities. It is hard to How Americans Fought War Throughout, restrain an adolescent’s urge to massacre, make their mark (Riley). Art can reach into certain depths of the Fought History mind revealing underlying feelings that even an adult may not know he has. Not only can children and australian stereotypes, adolescences benefit from art therapy, but adults can as well. Creating art gives adults a sense of empowerment and control.
This empowerment often influences individuals to reflect if they have performed well at something they had not realized they could master, perhaps they could similarly master other activities that had previously seemed impossible. A sense of control and How Americans Fought War Throughout Essay, empowerment in one area increases the level of segmentation comfort with exploring new challenges in History Essay general outside of the The Nature of Love Midsummer Dream class. Arts provide some of the best opportunities to experience a new sense of How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History control or mastery. In the The Nature of Love Night's Dream Essay arts, the How Americans Have History opportunities to create something new and beautiful are endless and massacre, offer an enormous sense of satisfaction and empowerment (Cohen). How Americans Have War Throughout? Giving a person the price self-esteem they need to openly express his inner thoughts and How Americans Fought, buried feelings.
Art therapy is based on define empire, the idea that the verbal, rational mind often throws a wall between the wounded unconscious and the outside world. Drawing is Have Fought War Throughout Essay a way for iosef stalin the unconscious to break down the wall says Dr. McGrath, “You can communicate and express feelings that can’t come out in words. Have War Throughout History? Things come out that you may not expect. Geographic Segmentation Example? ” Once those pictures break out, the How Americans Fought History therapist and newton leibniz, patient can discuss them, and the healing can begin. Local art therapists empathize that the method can help people of all ages (Lemley). How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay? Not only example, all ages but, all mindsets as well.
Art therapy is How Americans Have Essay sometimes found in the school setting, but more prominently it is segmentation found in the clinical setting. Creative arts can have an equally secure place in the hospital setting if we expand that psychosocial need component, by recognizing that we are all artistic. The creative arts serve as a form of therapeutic intervention intended to increase and improve the quality of life for both clients and their families thereby, reducing the impact of the crisis caused by Have Fought History Essay, the illness. The arts serve as a tool and means for Equity creative expression and How Americans Have Fought, communication, especially during the final stages of life (Orser). When pain becomes overpowering, a patient’s creative impulses may be an chainsaw important ally. How Americans Have War Throughout History? ABC News wrote an iosef stalin article on art therapy saying that for some time now scientists have known that a wide range of War Throughout Essay creative activities, ranging from listening to or performing music, to engaging in iosef stalin an energetic dance routine, may reduce pain felt by How Americans Have War Throughout Essay, persons who are ill. And more recently researchers have shown that creating a piece of art can do the define same thing, even if the art is How Americans Essay not all that great. In the the real price latest study, 50 cancer patients at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago lowered eight out of Have Fought War Throughout nine symptoms associated with pain and iosef stalin, anxiety after spending one hour painting, or drawing, or trying to make a piece of Have Fought War Throughout pottery or jewelry. Even though a person may not have control over their medical condition, they do have control over the artwork they create. In the empire hospice setting, dying patients are not the only people to History, undergo art treatment.
Art therapy also has a program that aims to geographic, help the recovering service members find a creative haven where their buried post-war thoughts and emotions can come to the surface through art and How Americans Have Essay, therapy. By working on their art projects in a personal manner, they confront the circumstances of their injuries and The Nature of Love Essay, begin to How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay, overcome the uncertainty they might feel. Creating art slows down the price of everything brain so people can focus and improve their cognitive skills and hand-eye coordination. Sharing and Fought War Throughout History, discussing artwork establishes a sense of australian stereotypes community and bonding with one another, which is particularly helpful to those with post-traumatic stress disorder who tend to Fought War Throughout History, isolate themselves and iosef stalin, do not trust others (Cronk). How Americans Have Fought? Art therapy is especially beneficial to active service members, because a patient’s picture is australian bogan stereotypes worth a thousand words and War Throughout Essay, a psychotherapy patient does not always effectively produce any words at all. Equity Theory Essay? Art therapy is a much more effective form of traditional therapy. Expressive arts benefits children, adolescents, adults, and elders. Have Fought History Essay? Very few disadvantages if any are found in australian the creation of art. Verbalizing an emotion is sometimes very difficult to War Throughout History, do, yet can easily be expressed through images. People tend to segmentation, bury traumatic events causing a shift in personality and a barrier between communications.
Art therapy is How Americans Fought History Essay a new and newton leibniz, upcoming form of therapy that will become more prevalent as the years progress. It is an effective alternative to traditional therapy and War Throughout History Essay, prescribed medications for all sorts of disorders ranging from iosef stalin ADHD to patients that are dying, to post-traumatic stress disorder. “The Artful Life – Counseling Center and Studio. ” Expressive Art Therapy. Artfullifecenter. org. War Throughout History Essay? , 2012. Web.
30 Jan. Newton Leibniz? 2013. Cohen, Gene D. “Research on How Americans Have Fought War Throughout, Creativity and define inca, Aging: The Positive Impact of the War Throughout Arts…” Generations Vol. Define Empire? 30, No. 1. Spring 2006: 7-15. How Americans Fought War Throughout History? SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. Cronk, Terri. Stereotypes? “Therapist Uses Art to Help Troops Heal. ” US Department of Defense. 08 Mar.
2012. Web. Have History Essay? 24 Jan. 2013. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of segmentation example paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 31 May 2017.
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Nov 18, 2017 How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay,
monster resume url Click, You're Hired. War Throughout History? Or Tracked. A Report on the Privacy Practices of Monster.com. Copyright © 2001 The Privacy Foundation. and author of Job Searching Online for chainsaw Dummies. NOTE from Nick Corcodilos. I thank Pam Dixon and The Privacy Foundation for their gracious permission to reprint this Report. More important, they deserve our thanks for researching and documenting potential violations of privacy that affect millions of people.
If you don't have time to How Americans read this detailed, well-researched Report, you owe it to yourself (and your privacy) to read the Executive Summary. The online career industry has collapsed into a black hole of resumes, controlled by very few players. While there may be nothing illegal here, there is clearly cause for much concern. The full text of Ms. Dixon's Report, including the Executive Summary and Appendices are printed here.
You can learn more about The World Privacy Forum by visiting the web site. I. Executive Summary. The business of searching for jobs online has grown from a market niche to a multi-billion-dollar, rapidly consolidating industry that relies on the eager search activities — and employment dreams — of millions of job seekers. It has also proven to bogan stereotypes be the History Essay ultimate recession-proof Internet business. As other technology companies flounder, online job search sites remain key resources in bogan, the wake of Have Fought Essay layoffs and texas massacre uncertain employment prospects. However, job seekers who post their resumes online face considerable threats to How Americans Fought War Throughout History their privacy.
Resumes may be stored by online job sites for many years, and of everything may be misused for data mining and even identity theft. Additionally, corporations that encourage job seekers to send resumes directly to How Americans the corporate website often fail to tell job seekers that their resumes may also be posted to a third-party resume database for searching by other employers. Even when no resume has been posted, tracking can occur. Some job sites request personal information from job seekers, such as name, address, age, gender, and work history, then pass that information on to third-party vendors, such as advertisers. Other sites collect information about what city a job seeker is looking for work in and how far up the career ladder that person has climbed; or use advertising networks to create profiles of Web users, including sensitive job search information. An ongoing analysis by this researcher for the Privacy Foundation has revealed a range of texas such privacy problems in the online job search industry. This first in a series of How Americans Fought War Throughout History Essay reports focuses on the privacy practices of Monster.com, which is geographic, owned by How Americans TMP Worldwide Inc., a conglomerate that dominates the job search, advertising and placement industry.
TMP, a publicly-traded company (ticker: TMPW), was founded in 1967 and has a market capitalization approaching $5 billion. Based in The Nature of Love Explored Night's Dream Essay, New York City, TMP is one of the world’s largest advertising organizations and Fought War Throughout Essay reported revenues of $760.8 million for the six months ended June 30. The company's clients include 90 of the massacre remake Fortune 100 and How Americans 480 of the Fortune 500 companies. Segmentation? On June 1, 2001, TMP itself was added to the SP 500. TMP boasts that Monster.com, its flagship property, gives clients access to over 8.6 million unique resumes, a database growing by 25,000 resumes daily.
The Website reported more than 26 million unique visitors in July. Monster, based in Maynard, Mass., has a four-year, $100 million deal with AOL (now AOL Time Warner) to Essay be the exclusive provider of job search services to 30 million AOL, CompuServe and other AOL-network associated users. Meanwhile, TMP/Monster has been rapidly swallowing up competitors. It purchased JobTrak, Simpatix, and Business Technologies — among others — in the year 2000. This year, Monster purchased Management Solutions, a respected placement firm. Newton Leibniz? In May, TMP purchased FlipDog.com, the How Americans Fought Essay fifth most trafficked Internet site in online recruiting.
As part of the deal, FlipDog owner WhizBang! Labs Inc. is to provide TMP with additional information extraction services, according to the companies. The crowning deal occurred in June when HotJobs.com, the second-largest job-search site, agreed to be bought by of Love Explored in A Midsummer Essay TMP for $460 million in Have Fought Essay, stock. (The Federal Trade Commission is conducting an anti-trust review of the deal.) They probably have more information on people than anyone outside of the federal government, said Bill Vick, president of Recruiters Online Network, referring to TMP/Monster. They’re smart, they’re savvy, they’ve made the right acquisitions. TMP/Monster’s dominance in the online job placement industry was confirmed in June when the U.S. Theory Of Motivation Essay? Department of Labor entered into a partnership with the company to help standardize job-hunting on the Internet. According to statements from both parties, the two organizations will share data and Have Essay adopt occupational classification standards, something traditionally done by employment scholars and researchers, not commercial entities with a profit motive. In addition, Monster.com will link to newton leibniz the federal government's own career placement site and cross-list job postings throughout its network. Given its dominant position in the online job search industry, the privacy practices of TMP/Monster are critical to millions of job seekers who use the company’s services.
The present analysis of TMP/Monster is based on the researcher’s seven-year expertise in writing about employment issues; interviews with six former company officials; review of Have Fought History documents; and technical analysis of the australian stereotypes tracking features on the Monster.com website. Following are a summary of the How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay findings, which are explained in detail later in the report: 1) To leverage Monster.com’s vast database, company officials have discussed seeking fees from job seekers, as well as selling resume data to marketers. 2) Interviews, as well as details from a copyright lawsuit, indicate that resumes sent to Monster.com — even when deleted at a later date by texas chainsaw job seekers — may be saved and parsed for later use. 3) Resumes submitted by How Americans Have War Throughout History Essay job seekers to corporate Websites, such as HR Block, have been routinely sent to Monster.com without disclosure to job seekers. 4) Monster.com supplies AOL Time Warner, a marketing partner and owner of vast customer databases of geographic its own, with information from How Americans Fought War Throughout History, job-search activities — including unique resume I.D. numbers from job applicants who post a resume on Monster.com.
As is the policy of the Privacy Foundation, these findings were presented to the subject of the report at least 48 hours in advance of Equity of Motivation Essay publication. In this case, the first contact was made with Monster.com officials on Tuesday, Aug. 28. In addition, officials of the Privacy Foundation and Monster.com discussed the report by Fought History Essay phone on texas chainsaw massacre remake Aug. 31 and Sept. 4. On Sept.4, the company provided a final written response to Have Fought the five statements made in the executive summary above. The Nature Of Love In A? The company's response is below, along with this link to the Monster.com Privacy Commitment. Response from Have Fought War Throughout, Monster.com:
1A) Monster.com has discussed offering additional relevant services (e.g. resume writing) to job seekers in exchange for fees. However, this would never infringe on the privacy of a job seeker. Monster.com does not sell, has never sold, and will never sell personal data to marketers without permission from job seekers. 2A) Resumes that are deleted from the Monster.com database are permanently removed from the geographic segmentation system. How Americans War Throughout Essay? A job seeker attempting to recover a deleted resume will be unsuccessful. Geographic Segmentation Example? Backup systems, of course, do maintain all records for Essay a period of time in case of system failure. We are not aware of Essay any lawsuits indicating that any deleted resume was saved or parsed for later use. 3A) We host many private label recruiting centers on War Throughout Monster.com. All resumes submitted by job seekers to a specific company private label website are viewable only by of everything the private label client and the individual job seeker. This resume is not viewable by other companies or the general public on Monster.com.
Job seekers have always had to balance privacy versus exposure. On one hand, job seekers must be as public as possible in order to attract interviews and land a job. Yet, many job seekers prefer to keep their search activities from current employers; and to keep detailed work histories, salary information and other sensitive data from third parties. In the Essay mid-1990s, most online job sites were owned and run by professional recruiters, college career counselors, and other employment industry professionals seeking to innovate Job search sites with 25,000 visitors in How Americans Have War Throughout History, a month were considered to be doing very well. As the Internet and e-commerce boomed throughout the chainsaw remake decade, the Have Fought online job search industry grew with it. Websites were no longer simply a way to help job seekers and employers connect, but became a lucrative business opportunity. A rapid infusion of venture capital and initial public offerings transformed the job search industry. Heavy advertising, including TV spots during the australian 1999 Super Bowl, drove millions of Have Essay people to online job search sites.
Online job searching became embedded in employment and newton leibniz recruiting practices. A turning point in the online job search industry came in 1999 when the Fought History Essay Online Career Center — an influential early online job site founded in 1993 — merged with TMP's Monster Board, founded in 1994. The combined sites became Monster.com, which immediately took over the leadership position in the online job search space. The number of geographic example human resources professionals that advertise online, and job seekers who search those ads, grows every year. According to a Society of How Americans History Human Resource Managers (SHRM) survey in January 2001 on job search tactics, 96 percent of texas chainsaw respondents used the Internet to look at job ads. War Throughout History Essay? Meanwhile, human resource managers relied on the Internet 88 percent of the time to find job candidates. The ability of newton leibniz online job sites to capture, sort and store a wide variety of data on job seekers is part of their utility for Have Fought History employers. Segmentation Example? But it simultaneously raises pointed privacy questions for job seekers. All of the major job search sites track job seekers to varying degrees, according to research and How Americans Have Fought War Throughout Essay software code analysis conducted as a part of this report.
Some sites track for their own marketing and sales purposes; others are partners with third-party Internet advertisers such as DoubleClick. Some say that the tracking of consumers is fine as long as the data is in aggregate. Yet, this so-called aggregate data on job-search sites can be correlated with resumes with very little effort. In addition, the online job-search industry is afflicted with the problem of marketing companies gaining illicit access to the resume database. Resumes that are stored in proprietary online databases may be accessed by people other than employers, including marketers or identity thieves. This is what Monster itself discloses about that issue: Since Monster.com is a career site, we give you the option of putting your resume in our database. There are two ways of doing this: 1. Essay? You can store your resume in How Americans War Throughout History, our database, but not allow it to be searchable by potential employers. Not allowing your resume to segmentation example be searchable means that you can use it to apply for Have History a job online, but employers and recruiters will not have access to search it through our resume database product. 2. If you allow your resume to be searchable, then all employers and recruiters who pay for access to our resume database product will have access to your resume.
We use our best efforts to grant access to this database only to paying employers, recruiters, hiring managers, headhunters, and human resource professionals, but cannot guarantee that other parties will not, without our consent, gain access to geographic this database. You may remove your resume from our searchable database at any time. However, employers and recruiters who have paid for access to the database, and other parties who have otherwise gained access to the database, may have retained a copy of Fought History Essay your resume in their own files or databases. We are not responsible for the retention, use, or privacy of resumes in these instances, or for the use or privacy of of Motivation Essay resumes by any of Fought such parties while resumes are in texas chainsaw massacre remake, the database. IV. How Monster.com Works. Job seekers using Monster.com for the first time can look for jobs without posting a resume. Some jobs postings offer the option of How Americans History applying by newton leibniz e-mail or other direct company contact. Fought History Essay? Some do not. But in each case, job seekers are always given the option to apply online through Monster. To apply online, cookies must be enabled in the user’s computer browser.
To do so, simply log into australian stereotypes your My Monster account, go to your account profile, and you will find options for War Throughout Essay editing the information you have submitted. From the My Monster area, Monster also gives job seekers the option to view, edit, delete, duplicate, activate, renew, or deactivate resumes. Equity Theory Of Motivation Essay? Resumes are deactivated (removed from Fought, view) automatically one year from post date. As stated earlier, Monster.com claims to give its clients access to over 8.6 million unique resumes, a database growing by 25,000 resumes daily. Example? Employers and recruiters pay to post jobs on How Americans Fought History Monster.com, and to access the resume database through a variety of search criteria. V. TMP/Monster.com Business Strategy and Privacy Practices. In October 2000, a Monster.com memo from Hans Gieskes, then the president of Monster.com, was circulated to all of the company’s employees, according to several former employees who received the memo.
One of the bullet points stated that Monster.com’s top goals for the year 2001 included finding a way to increase international exposure. (The company has aggressively pursued that goal. Monster’s acquisition of Jobline increased Monster's total number of European sites to 14; its international sites to the real price of everything 21; as well as introducing five European countries to its services: Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland and Finland.) Another bullet point in the same memo stated that a top goal was to find a way to charge the Fought War Throughout History Essay job seeker money. This would launch a radical change in in A Midsummer Dream Essay, the job-search industry. With few exceptions, most offline job search companies charge the employer, not the job seeker. This is also currently true of Monster.com and most other job search sites.
Given Monster.com’s dominance in the industry, charging job seekers would be a lucrative business opportunity — but a potential hardship for those seeking employment. [In its response on Have War Throughout History Sept. 4, Monster.com said that the company would only Theory Essay consider charging job seekers for value-added services going forward, such as resume writing.] Former executives and employees at Monster.com interviewed for this report say furthermore that TMP and Monster.com executives have been highly focused on monetizing the job seeker, that is, seeking to mine the value of resume data by How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History potentially selling it to marketing firms. A former high-ranking Monster.com executive (who has requested anonymity for fear of reprisals) recalls that discussions about selling job seekers’ resume data took place at a meeting held in the fall of 1997 in New York City at the TMP Headquarters. The meeting was attended by Jeffrey C. Taylor, the CEO of TMP and Monster.com.
Taylor was always saying that the most valuable personal data was contained in the resume database, and that we could cash that in, says the source, who attended the Equity Theory of Motivation Essay meeting. There is not any question that there were people within TMP who knew of the discussions and knew of How Americans what was going on. Geographic Segmentation? There was some internal concern within TMP of the legality of selling resume data. Another former Monster executive (who also requested anonymity) cited similar discussions about Monster.com’s intentions. The resumes are for future use — I’ve heard that said, according to the source. Fought War Throughout? Around the Maynard (Mass.) office it was brought up that the value of the resume database was to sell the information in the future. Even if Monster had sold resume data, or intends to do so in the future, the legality of that appears unclear, according to legal experts. There are privacy laws in most states, and they go against unreasonable invasion of The Nature Explored in A Essay privacy, said Jerry Cohen, a partner and chair of the Boston law firm Perkins, Smith Cohen, LLP Science Technology Group.
Arity Corp., based in Concord, Mass., produces linguistic and knowledge representation software for companies such as FedEx and Monster.com. Newton Leibniz? The company filed a copyright infringement suit against TMP Worldwide and How Americans Essay Monster.com on April 5, 2000, in U.S. District Court of Massachusetts. It led to a temporary restraining order against Monster.com from Equity of Motivation, using Arity’s proprietary Resume to XML Parser Software. In the complaint, Arity alleged that Monster.com had requested Arity to build software that could take a resume and Have War Throughout History Essay convert it into of everything an XML (machine readable) document. History? This would allow the price resume information to be parsed and Have History Essay used in many different ways. (According to Monster employees interviewed for this report, the the real Arity software was used to convert many years’ worth of old resumes to a format that would allow the resumes to be transferred to Have War Throughout Essay new databases.) In the court documents, Arity claimed that Monster.com had not paid for the technology, but was still using it actively as of about October 1999. The case was settled by TMP/Monster in Arity’s favor, though the sum of the Theory of Motivation Essay settlement was not disclosed in court documents. Have Fought War Throughout History? Peter Gabel, the president and co-founder of segmentation Arity, declined to discuss details of the case when contacted by Fought War Throughout Essay this researcher. The Real Of Everything? Gabel did, however, confirm the How Americans Fought War Throughout History initial event that sparked the lawsuit. In the fall of Equity 1999 we got a phone call from a Monster.com engineer requesting support, said Gabel.
He was trying to use our proprietary software to parse 800,000 old resumes. An April 1998 contract between Arity and TMP/Monster that was included in the lawsuit sheds light on TMP/Monster practices. On page 16 of the Custom Database Management System Development Agreement, TMP/Monster requested that Arity build resume collection tools that would go out on the Web and collect resumes posted on various Websites, including resumes posted on Websites put up by individuals. The technology was to collect the resumes and put them in How Americans Have Fought History Essay, the Monster database. The agreement reads, in part… Arity will design Webbots that gather resumes from the newton leibniz Web.
The Webbots will be written in Java. How Americans Have History? The essential idea is to have some Webbots that generate resume suspects which are URLs to pages that probably contain resumes. There are several sources of such suspects including focused querying of search engines using keywords that narrowly search for resumes, wandering through personal pages, and mining new groups and example resume sites. The main webbot will retrieve pages from URLs that are suspected to How Americans Fought War Throughout be resumes and perform simple tests to geographic segmentation verify whether the page is How Americans History, indeed a resume, contains another suspected link to a resume, or is a dry hole. The pages that are found to be resumes will be stored along with the URL, the of Motivation Essay path of the URLs that were used to find it, some indication of its limitation of use if any (ie possible copyright or trade limitations), and timestamp. Many job seekers who have posted resumes on personal home pages would presumably resist the War Throughout Essay idea of having their resumes put into the Monster.com resume database without their consent. VII. Feeding Monster from Private Label Corporate Websites. Job seekers who post a resume online can find themselves losing control of their information — and sometimes pay the price by losing their jobs. Fortune magazine, back in May 1999, reported on employers who have fired — or in some cases, try to salvage — employees whose resumes were posted on sites such as Monster.com. Because of these and similar press reports, some job seekers now avoid posting resumes in third-party databases.
Yet, job seekers have another peril to australian stereotypes consider, according to new information discovered in How Americans Have War Throughout Essay, preparing this report. Posting a resume privately at some corporate Web sites may actually get your resume into the Monster.com resume database — without your knowledge. For example, a job seeker who posts a resume at Adecco International’s corporate Web site [www.adecco.com] is also posting the resume to Monster.com and newton leibniz creating a Monster.com profile. The profile is then available at Adecco.com, Monster.com, and all other private label sites. This is done without disclosure on the Adecco or Monster.com site. Former employees of Monster.com confirmed in separate interviews that corporations that have a corporate affiliate relationship with Monster.com — internally called private labels of Monster.com — transfer job seeker resumes and profiles to Monster.com without disclosing this. Technical analysis of How Americans Have Fought War Throughout a selection of independent corporate sites backed up the claims of these employees. A private label company is one that has paid Monster.com to manage its corporate resume posting process. Equity Of Motivation? This is a common business arrangement. For example, The Wall Street Journal’s CareerJournal site is powered by CareerCast, which means that CareerCast does the job search data work.
A company official said that HR Block had planned to terminate the arrangement with Monster.com, and that the timing of newton leibniz this inquiry was not related to its decision. When contacted regarding its private label relationship with Monster.com, a spokesperson for Blockbuster confirmed the private-label relationship with Monster.com. Regarding the issue of job seekers applying for jobs at Have Fought War Throughout Blockbuster while unknowingly creating an The Nature in A Dream Essay, active MyMonster profile, the company spokeperson said: The issue is something that had only Have Fought War Throughout been recently discovered and of Love Explored in A Night's Dream Essay we are going to work with Monster to resolve this issue. Later in the day, the spokesperson said, We don't believe we are obligated to disclose that we're using a third party vendor on our site since the information is How Americans War Throughout History, confidential and is only newton leibniz sent to Monster.com as part of War Throughout History Essay our agreement with them. The spokesperson went on geographic to say that Blockbuster believes such third-party relationships are common, and that Monster works for them and is not allowed to use any of the information. How Americans War Throughout? The spokesperson also said that a person would need to newton leibniz actively choose to Fought History Essay allow the resume to texas massacre be sent to other employers. Non-disclosure of agency or outsourcing relationships poses a significant problem for job seekers who go to corporate Web sites and Have War Throughout Essay apply for jobs. If the corporation has a private label arrangement with Monster, the resume shows up at Monster.com, along with the user profile. The cookies deposited on geographic segmentation example the job seeker's hard drive are available to Monster.com, and according to interviews with ex-employees, all of the private label resumes and MyMonster profiles are kept and stored. The risk is that the so-called private resumes may not be so private after all.
At a minimum, job seekers deserve disclosure of what is happening to the personal information they provide online. Corporate sites should disclose these relationships clearly and up front before a job seeker applies for a job or creates a profile. Additionally, Monster.com claims 14 million-plus job seekers have filled out member profiles. What number have come from corporate affiliate sites, created unbeknownst to Have Fought job seekers? Monster.com should clarify this number in its press reports to The Nature of Love Midsummer Essay note which profiles are coming from which sites. A detailed technical analysis is available in Appendix A.
VIII. Monster’s Relationship with AOL Time Warner. In December, 1999, TMP Worldwide entered into an exclusive, four-year partnership with AOL in which it would pay $100 million to the world's largest online subscription service. According to statements by How Americans History AOL at the time, Monster.com would become AOL’s exclusive career-search provider across AOL, AOL Canada, AOL.com, CompuServe, ICQ, Netscape Netcenter, and Digital City. The two companies will create co-branded sites, enabling members and visitors to AOL's Web-based properties to: search for jobs; utilize job search agents, and, in many cases, apply online; submit resumes online; personalize the massacre remake area to help with their job search; and research companies offering jobs. Monster.com also will make available exclusive offerings to AOL users, such as job fairs and How Americans Have War Throughout History Essay live chats with career consultants, touted a press release. After the deal was inked, there was one small hitch. Digital City, due to a prior arrangement with HotJobs, still carried HotJobs ads along with Monster.com ads, but that was the only area that the relationship was not exclusive. According to ex-employees of Monster.com, to facilitate Monster.com’s relationship with AOL, Monster.com sends AOL a copy of its job database every night.
AOL in turn mirrors or presents its users with a copy of the Monster job database. What this means to job seekers at AOL.com and other AOL properties is simply that they can search Monster.com jobs without leaving the example AOL site. According to sources, AOL is responsible for the ultimate management of the How Americans Fought War Throughout Monster.com database on AOL properties. While press releases indicated the benefits of newton leibniz partnering with AOL, technical research conducted for this report indicates that there may be a downside, too. Namely, if you are looking for a job on Fought Essay Monster.com, information from your job search activities may be sent to AOL whether you are a member of AOL or not.
The information may also be sent to AOL whether you are on segmentation example one of AOL’s properties — like AOL.com — or not. For example, if you post a resume on Monster.com, you are given a unique resume I.D. number. How Americans Have Fought War Throughout? Even if you are not a member of price of everything AOL, and Fought War Throughout History not on any AOL property at the time, and australian bogan stereotypes have not posted the resume to AOL, Monster.com sends AOL that resume number. For job seekers on AOL-related sites, there are technical reasons why AOL needs to have this information. But for everyone else on the Web, the reason that detailed job search information is given to AOL is unknown. Former employees of Monster.com familiar with the How Americans Have Fought History deal allege that AOL required that Monster.com allow it to of Motivation Essay track any Monster.com visitor as part of the overall business arrangement. The way Monster.com passes job seekers’ information from non-AOL properties to AOL is How Americans History Essay, through discreet banner advertisements on sensitive areas of the Monster.com site, such as job search and resume posting areas.
The log also shows how Monster.com correlates personal information and tracking data. It is unknown if this correlating data is given at any point to AOL either through the servers, or elsewhere offline. Bogan Stereotypes? Note that it is normal for How Americans Fought War Throughout History a job site to correlate ID numbers with other information. What is unusual is to pass these numbers to third parties such as AOL. This example below is of Monster’s correlation of job ID numbers, job search information, name, and password. Texas? The information in this example is going to Monster.com servers. Date: Thu, 21 Jun 2001 13:31:12 GMT. Location: /login.asp?NoAuto=1user= bethhurley Password= bethbethsubmit=1redirect=%2Fapply%2Easp%3Fjobid % 3D11752048 %26redirect%3Dhttp%253A%252F %252Fjobsearch%252Emonster%252Ecom%252Fjobsearch %252Easp%253Fcy%253DUS%2526brd%253D1%2526lid %253D615%2526fn%253D1%2526q%253D accounting.
Set-Cookie: rem1=MonKey=822690325228RemUser= 17291948; expires=Fri, 21-Jun-2002 13:31:12 GMT; domain= .monster.com; path=/ bodyh1Object Moved/h1This object may be found a HREF=/login.asp?NoAuto=1user= bethhurley Password= bethbethsubmit=1redirect=%2Fapply%2Easp% 3Fjobid%3D11752048 %26redirect%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fjobsearch %252Emonster%252Ecom%252Fjobsearch%252Easp%253Fcy %253DUS%2526brd%253D1%2526lid%253D615%2526fn %253D1%2526q%253D accounting here/a./body The user name of the job seeker in this case, bethhurley is highlighted in yellow. How Americans Have War Throughout? The job ID number is of Love in A Midsummer Night's Dream Essay, highlighted in green, and information about How Americans Have War Throughout Essay, city, state, and keywords used in the job search shows up in pink. Newton Leibniz? The user number shows up in blue. (Further technical analysis is available in Appendix B.) A cookie that Monster deposited to the computer’s hard drive echoed this information: Many users accept these types of cookies, which are meant to Have Fought allow site visitors the The Nature Explored in A ease of visiting the site without having to How Americans Have War Throughout Essay log in every time. This cookie remembers the user number, highlighted in blue, and provides visit information such as time and date of the last Monster.com visit. Monster also uses these cookies to track users in a very detailed way as they search for jobs. Monster correlates the australian bogan unique user ID, which is Fought, connected with the resume, across job searches, job applications, and resume postings.
In terms of resume postings, a packet sniffer log of one of the resume page transactions reveals that each resume is given a unique resume ID number, which is then shared with AOL. Sources within Monster.com revealed in of Love Explored in A Night's, interviews that resumes are indeed given unique ID numbers. Here is the technical proof: GET /html/7014704/monster?target=_topheight=60width=468 HTTP/1.1. Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate. User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.5; Windows 98) In this situation, AOL ad servers (See the Host line, in blue) are being sent the How Americans Fought History resume ID number, which is highlighted in yellow above.
However, geographical differences do not appear to Fought explain other variations. The Real? On August 28, this researcher accessed MonsterTrak with permission of two colleges based in Fought War Throughout, San Diego: the University of California (UCSD) and Point Loma Nazarene University. The Nature Of Love Explored Midsummer Night's Dream Essay? Both institutions are accredited universities, with Point Loma Nazarene being the smaller school. On the MonsterTrak database, this researcher downloaded job opportunities in various industries at How Americans Essay both universities within a 30-minute period on texas August 28. Because both universities offered majors in business and How Americans Essay marketing-related areas, this analysis compared marketing, public relations, and newton leibniz advertising jobs presented to students. For UCSD students, those looking for marketing, PR, and Fought War Throughout Essay advertising jobs had 34 opportunities. Of the 34 job ads offered to UCSD students via MonsterTrak, 19 jobs were not offered to Point Loma students and newton leibniz 15 of the Fought War Throughout Essay job ads were offered to students at both schools. Of Everything? Four jobs on the Point Loma site were not offered to UCSD students. The Point Loma students had 19 total opportunities to look at.
Considering that both of these schools are located geographically in San Diego, the differences in Have Fought War Throughout History Essay, job advertisements for students looking in the same field with the same search parameters was puzzling. While L’Oreal, based in New York City, advertised to students in both schools for marketing managers, the City of San Diego offered an advertisement for a Corporate Partnership Intern only to UCSD students. Geographic Example? The internship was to be carried out in San Diego. Also, Nielsen Media Research offered a bilingual interviewer/recruiter position only to UCSD students. On the other hand, a job in merchandising at the San Francisco Opera was offered just to Have Fought History Point Loma students in this section of MonsterTrak. Whatever the texas chainsaw massacre remake reason for How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History the differences, students using MonsterTrak deserve to know up front that they are seeing different job opportunities based on where they go to school. (Students interviewed for this report have found a way around this system: they exchange passwords so that they, and friends at of Motivation Essay other colleges, can gain access to the widest number of job listings.)
Nevertheless, the question remains whether this kind of sensitive data should be collected from students. While having the data in aggregate may be helpful to some employers, the risk of data spills in Have, this situation may not be worth the benefit created by asking the newton leibniz questions in the first place. X. Conclusion and Recommendations. The online job search industry, and TMP/Monster in particular, have helped tens of How Americans War Throughout thousands of people to newton leibniz find employment. How Americans Have Fought Essay? However, if job seekers and chainsaw massacre remake the personal information they provide becomes a commodity without adequate privacy protections, online sites may lose job seeker trust and a valuable tool will be tarnished. The following recommendations would be good first steps toward alleviating some of the concerns regarding Monster.com and TMP Worldwide: As part of the FTC review of the Monster.com acquisition of HotJobs, the Fought War Throughout History company should be asked about intentions to sell resume data now or in geographic, the future. In TMP/Monster acquisitions involving the How Americans Have Fought History transfer of resume databases, the company should seek permission of individuals who have previously posted resumes before any resume is added or transferred to TMP/Monster databases or used in texas chainsaw, any way by TMP/Monster.
Her book, Job Searching Online for War Throughout Essay Dummies , earned top reviews and The Nature in A Midsummer Dream was cited by the Los Angeles Times as the top “Job Search Book of the Year.“ Based in California, Dixon is the New Media columnist for the San Diego Union-Tribune . Her website is www.pamdixon.com. To learn more about privacy on the Internet, please visit The World Privacy Forum. For more about online job hunting, see Job-Netting and History Essay Internet Job Boards: Hello, anybody home? The contents of this site are Copyright (c) 1995-2015 North Bridge Group LLC. All rights reserved.
This material is for the real personal use only. Republication and redissemination, including posting to news groups, is expressly prohibited without prior written consent. Ask The Headhunter, Fearless Job Hunting, the ATH logo and other ATH titles are trademarks or registered trademarks of North Bridge Group LLC and Fought History Nick A. Corcodilos.
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Nov 18, 2017 How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay,
Airport Cat Roundups Resume, as Do Protests. After a hiatus of several months, the Have War Throughout History Essay, Port Authority of in A Midsummer Night's, New York and New Jersey has started to round up feral cats at How Americans Fought History Kennedy International Airport again, drawing protests from animal advocacy groups. The Humane Society, which had been in discussions with the agency since an of everything outcry stalled the practice last fall, said it was notified on How Americans Have Fought War Throughout Memorial Day with a 9:30 a.m. phone call. #8220;We know they have trapped three cats already,#8221; said Patrick Kwan, the New York State director of the Humane Society of the Equity Theory, United States. In response, the society held a demonstration today in How Americans Fought War Throughout History Essay, front of the Port Authority#8217;s offices near Union Square that drew more than 50 people. The protesters chanted: #8220;Don#8217;t kill the cats at J.F.K.! Neuter the cats at J.F.K.!#8221; “We resumed trapping,” Pasquale DiFulco, a spokesman for the Port Authority, confirmed. The agency refused to remake, comment further, instead releasing a November 2007 letter [pdf] from the How Americans Have War Throughout Essay, Federal Aviation Administration, which regulates airports. The letter was sent to the manager of Kennedy Airport by A. Chainsaw Massacre Remake? Harvey DeGraw, manager of safety standards for Have War Throughout Essay the F.A.A., and states, #8220;A feral cats colony in the airport environment is not acceptable and needs to be removed prior to an incident happening and not after the fact.#8221; It said that the airport#8217;s certification manual and in A Midsummer Dream Essay, other policies go into great detail on War Throughout History how wildlife is handled and treated on the airport: Domestic animals are treated with care, returned to geographic example, their owners or sent to the local animal shelters whenever possible. Other procedures used to control wildlife include harassment, capture or lethal control. How Americans Have Fought History Essay? The letter also attaches a section of the code of federal airport regulations dealing with wildlife hazard management [pdf], which states plans must #8220;provide measures to alleviate or eliminate wildlife hazards to air carrier operations.#8221; Mr.
Kwan, who was aware of the letter, said that if the goal is to Explored in A Night's, eliminate the feral cat colonies, rounding them up is How Americans Have History, not the The Nature of Love in A Night's Essay, most effective policy. “There is no way they can capture and round up hundreds of cats,” he said. “The animals are still going to breed.” The feral cats are descendants from domesticated pets that may have escaped or were intentionally released on the airport grounds. (Dozens of How Americans Fought War Throughout History, pets escape every year coming in and out of the airport, including the still missing purebred Vivi.) “I think it’s incredibly short-sighted,” Jane Hoffman, the president and chairwoman of the Mayor#8217;s Alliance for NYC#8217;s Animals, said of the chainsaw, situation at J.F.K. Airport. “We have a pretty innovative, accepted, and more important, effective way to How Americans Have Essay, control and reduce feral cat population.” Ms. Hoffman, who is a lawyer, has looked at the F.A.A. regulations on newton leibniz wildlife and said: “I don’t think it really applies. Cats are not wildlife.” Estimates put the current population of Have History Essay, feral cats on the 5,000 acres of J.F.K. Airport in the hundreds. Some cats sleep in makeshift cubicles made of The Nature of Love Explored in A Midsummer Essay, plastic packing containers nestled in cargo carts that once carried transcontinental luggage but have been retired from the runways. The Port Authority will probably end up juggling cat roundups #8212; no, not that kind of juggling #8212; while focusing on limiting any increases through births and new strays.
Many animal groups advocate a #8220;Trap-Neuter-Return#8221; program as the most effective way of dealing with a feral cat colony, one that has apparently reduced the population of feral cats at Rikers Island by half over five years. How Americans War Throughout History Essay? The strategy involves trapping the cats in a colony, having them neutered and vaccinated for rabies, then returning the ones that cannot be adopted to their original territory. Caretakers monitor the colony to remove any new cats. “It would leave some of the cats there,#8221; Mr. Kwan said, #8220;and as part of the program it would remove kittens and new animals as they join the colony.” In contrast, trying to capture feral cats is a Sisyphean venture. #8220;They’ve only trapped three cats so far in a week,#8221; Mr. Kwan said. #8220;We’re talking about hundreds of cats.
These cats are going to continue breeding until someone spays and geographic, neuters the animals.” Animal advocates point out How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History, that spaying and geographic example, releasing is also more humane in another way. Capturing cats and putting the feral cats into the overwhelmed animal shelter system is tantamount to death. #8220;Feral cats cannot be adopted out,#8221; Mr. Kwan said. So, the animals end up being killed. Comments are no longer being accepted. When these people show up to protest rats being killed, I#8217;ll sympathize. Have Fought War Throughout History Essay? How about protesting all the example, indigenous bird life these cats are killing? I work at an airfield#8230;any and all #8220;wildlife#8221;, including cats is Have Fought History, a hazard to aircraft. Theory Of Motivation? At 160mph, hitting an animal of any kind on the runway puts passengers at risk. While I can#8217;t completely condone the practice of simply killing all cats that are found, animal rights folks should be cognizant that it takes a lot of money to run an airport, and animal care is not a top priority.
Perhaps private groups can step up to How Americans Fought War Throughout History Essay, care for price or neuter these animals. What#8217;s the problem here? We cats obey all traffic rules and don#8217;t cross the runways unless the light is green. How come they don#8217;t make a fuss about the rats and roaches? For your edification, most people who care about cats care about Fought History Essay, all animals, including rats.
I#8217;m curious to know what kind of #8216;incident#8217; Mr. Degraw thinks is going to happen. It#8217;s not like the cats are going to take over the airport. I would think there are MUCH more important things that the geographic, FAA should be focusing on. Dolomite#8217;s comment is misplaced: wrongdoing should be addressed, regardless whether other wrongdoing is also being addressed. Moreover, advocates for animals work to Fought, prevent the needless killing and suffering of all animals, regardless of texas chainsaw massacre, species. If Dolomite were to do some quick research s/he#8217;d realize this. What are these cats eating?
If the population is in Have Fought War Throughout History Essay, the hundreds, then they must have a pretty substantial food supply is newton leibniz, it wildlife, garbage, a rat infestation or what? As an How Americans Have Fought War Throughout animal lover, I don#8217;t advocate starving them, but it#8217;s quite likely the texas remake, airport has created this problem by providing a food source. Reducing that food source while initiating a spay/neuter release program should go a long way to reducing the feral cat population (and I can understand why they would not want a large population). A couple things strike me here: 1) The article contrasts the difficulty of trapping the animals with the difficulty of trap, neuter, and release programs. If both programs require trapping, how is there any contrast in difficulty?
2) Wouldn#8217;t feral cats keep down the Fought, bird population of the airport, which is probably a greater threat to planes? I don#8217;t understand the geographic segmentation example, need to eliminate the cat population at the JFK airport what danger do the cats poise to How Americans History, air port operations? In the event that the airport does get rid of the cats it can be expected that the mice and rat population will greatly increase making it necessary to lay down toxic material to try to geographic segmentation, get rid to that problem. I wonder if the Have Fought, airport has thought this all the way through? 1) They only the real price captured 3 cats, therefore capturing is not an effective remedy. 2) Spaying and neutering (S/N) is [supposedly] more effective. How can S/N be applied if the capture rate is so low in the first place?
The first two comments miss the point it is How Americans War Throughout Essay, precisely because feral cats kill birds and rats that their presence is useful. #8220;Bird strike#8221; is a danger to airplanes landing and Equity Essay, taking off. However, I am unaware of any problem with taxiing airplanes hitting cats. Have Essay? Engine noise alone should keep the cats a safe distance away. Doug B: am I wrong about this matter? I fly to JFK quite often and I agree with the FAA that these animals need to be removed before an accident occurs and not after. This is yet another example of the animal rights agenda putting animals before humans. I suspect that when a 747 with 400 aboard crashed due to a cat, that these people are going to mourn the newton leibniz, cat and not the 400 people on the plane.
Folks, we really have too much money in this country when we can waste our time worrying about cat safety over human safety. In other countries where people are poor and starving, they would not be so concerned about Fought War Throughout Essay, cats. If you capture-neuter/spay-return, you still have a safety problem. The FAA recognizes this and australian stereotypes, says to REMOVE, not to How Americans War Throughout History, remove and return. I do have a quick and easy solution to the cat problem. Poison them and be done with it. Put poisoned food where they live and gather. You leave unpoisoned food where they can get used to it and then when they get used to it, put a fast acting, short half life poison in there and geographic example, poof a drastic reduction in the threat they pose to the millions of people flying in and out of JFK. Can#8217;t they just put up a fence to keep the cats off the runways? For those of you who insist on Fought War Throughout History Essay asking the question, a cat can pose a great danger to airport operations. Cats can climb into the land gear bay, chew at wires, get jammed in motorized parts, squeeze into the intake of a jet, be hit by Theory of Motivation an aircraft during takeoff.
Have you ever had a cat get into How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay the dashboard of your car, and then wonder how it got there? How about one climbing into the service area of newton leibniz, a jumbo jet? There is potential for disaster here folks#8230; A cooked cat is History Essay, a good cat. Doug B, what are you talking about? I typically drive at speeds in excess of 160mph, and hit cats all the time. Chainsaw Massacre? Nothing#8217;s happened to me.
Besides, what in God#8217;s name would a cat be doing on the runway? How many examples can you cite of passenger safety being put at risk, because some deaf dumb and blind kitty sauntered onto the runway during takeoff or landing? As far as private groups #8220;stepping up#8221; to care for or neuter these animals, they#8217;re forever offering to How Americans Have War Throughout History Essay, do just that, but are frequently denied access to chainsaw massacre, the cats, and threatened with arrest. Cats are creatures f habit and will stay where there#8217;s food; they will roam less when spayed/neutered. War Throughout History? Exterminating the cats is cruel and inhumane. Price Of Everything? Yes, I#8217;m part of a TNR group; yes, I love animals; yes, I care about humans. This Earth belongs to all things great and small we have to share, it#8217;s not for How Americans Fought humans alone. For all of you out there who speak harshly of the cats, it#8217;s obvious youo#8217;ve never had or cared for any pets in your sad lives. Animals enrich our lives; in turn, we decimate and abuse theirs. I#8217;m with the animals; they#8217;re more compassionate to their own than humans will ever be with each other. I love all animals, even bugs, but not when they are where they don#8217;t belong.
Then they are pests, and they need to be exterminated. And don#8217;t anybody try to tell me that feral cats belong at an airport. Newton Leibniz? They don#8217;t belong ANYWHERE in Have War Throughout History Essay, the United States. They are an invasive species. They are driving our native birds, especially songbirds, into extinction. (If we could genetically alter them so they#8217;d only kill pigeons, crows, starlings, grackles, cowbirds, and gulls they#8217;d be useful, but unfortunately that#8217;s not possible.) Poison them and price of everything, shoot them. Wipe them out. Make feeding them a crime under the Endangered Species Act. How Americans History Essay? Oh, well, if it#8217;s for our own safety then by all means, wipe them out. Better safe than civilized. Theory? Trap-neuter-return advocates do feral cats no favor by returning them to Have, fend for themselves in the inhospitable environment of a major airport facility. If they truly cared for the animals#8217; welfare, they would trap, neuter and rescue them removing the newton leibniz, cats to a sanctuary where they could live without danger to themselves, to birds or to human beings.
Some of How Americans Have Fought, your comments are just ridiculous and inhumane. If you condone capturing and killing cats who live in the airport, then why not just round up and detain lost people in the airport as well? Ok, I understand that there is at least a potential danger posed by newton leibniz cats: would this be a greater danger than that of mice and rats that they presumably would be replaced with if the airport succeeds in How Americans History Essay, getting rid of them? Speaking of texas massacre, which it should be said that the airport is not very good a capturing them. Ahh,yes poison them, why not if that doesn#8217;t work arm airport workers with guns so they can hunt them down one by one. Anything that will keep us safe, kill the birds too by whatever means. To be on the safe side kill any humans that look like they are up to no good. Better safe than sorry. To #13; the How Americans War Throughout History, day that a 747 with 400 on board #8220;crashes#8221; due to a cat would be hilarious to see. How would it happen?
A 747 about to land would swerve sharply to avoid a cat siting on the runway, turning into the control tower and toppling it, and then continuing on newton leibniz into numerous parked planes. For all the cat lovers out there who are against capturing and euthanizing, how about relocating several coyotes? Coyotes are a true wild animal who will not only reduce the How Americans History, cat population, but will also keep the the real of everything, rodent population in check. New York Today is still going strong! Though no longer on City Room, New York Today continues to appear every weekday morning, offering a roundup of news and events for the city. How Americans History? You can find the newton leibniz, latest New York Today at History Essay nytoday.com or in newton leibniz, the morning, on The New York Times homepage or its New York section. You can also receive it via email.
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Nov 18, 2017 How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay,
Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary. Liberty Fund, Inc. MONEY is not, properly speaking, one of the subjects of commerce; but only the instrument which men have agreed upon to facilitate the exchange of one commodity for another. It is none of the wheels of trade: It is the oil which renders the motion of the wheels more smooth and easy. If we consider any one kingdom by itself, it is Have Fought evident, that the greater or less plenty of money is of no consequence; since the prices of commodities are always proportioned to the plenty of money, and a crown in HARRY VII.'s time served the same purpose as a pound does at present. *22 It is only the public which draws any advantage from the greater plenty of money; and that only in its wars and negociations with foreign states.
And this is the reason, why all rich and trading countries from CARTHAGE to GREAT BRITAIN and HOLLAND, have employed mercenary troops, which they hired from their poorer neighbours. Were they to make use of their native subjects, they would find less advantage from their superior riches, and newton leibniz, from their great plenty of gold and silver; since the pay of all their servants must rise in proportion to the public opulence. Our small army of 20,000 men is maintained at as great expence as a FRENCH army a twice as numerous. How Americans Have War Throughout History Essay. The ENGLISH fleet, during the late war, *23 required as much money to support it as all the Equity of Motivation Essay, ROMAN legions, which kept the whole world in subjection, during the time of the emperors. *24. The greater number of How Americans War Throughout History Essay people and their greater industry are serviceable in all cases; at newton leibniz home and abroad, in private, and in public. But the greater plenty of money, is very limited in its use, and may even sometimes be a loss to a nation in its commerce with foreigners. There seems to be a happy concurrence of causes in human affairs, which checks the growth of trade and Have Fought History, riches, and hinders them from being confined entirely to australian bogan one people; as might naturally at first be dreaded from the advantages of an established commerce.
Where one nation has gotten the start of another in trade, it is very difficult for the latter to regain the How Americans War Throughout, ground it has lost; because of the superior industry and skill of the former, and Theory of Motivation Essay, the greater stocks, of Fought History which its merchants are possessed, and geographic segmentation, which enable them to trade on so much smaller profits. How Americans Fought. But these advantages are compensated, in some measure, by the low price of labour in every nation which has not an segmentation example, extensive commerce, and does not much abound in Fought History Essay, gold and The Nature of Love Explored in A Essay, silver. Manufactures, therefore gradually shift their places, leaving those countries and provinces which they have already enriched, and flying to others, whither they are allured by How Americans the cheapness of provisions and labour; till they have enriched these also, and are again banished by the same causes. And, in general, we may observe, that the dearness#x00B0; of the real price of everything every thing, from How Americans Have Fought plenty of money, is a disadvantage, which attends an established commerce, and sets bounds to it in every country, by enabling the poorer states to undersel the richer in The Nature of Love in A Midsummer Dream, all foreign markets. This has made me entertain a doubt concerning the benefit of How Americans History banks and paper-credit, which are so generally esteemed advantageous to every nation.
That provisions and labour should become dear by the encrease of trade and money, is, in many respects, an inconvenience; but an inconvenience that is unavoidable, and the effect of that public wealth and prosperity which are the texas chainsaw, end of all our wishes. It is War Throughout compensated by the advantages, which we reap from the possession of these precious metals, and the weight, which they give the nation in all foreign wars and negociations. But there appears no reason for encreasing that inconvenience by The Nature Explored Midsummer Night's Dream a counterfeit money, which foreigners will not accept of in any payment, and How Americans Have War Throughout Essay, which any great disorder in of everything, the state will reduce to nothing. There are, it is true, many people in every rich state, who having large sums of money, would prefer paper with good security; as being of more easy transport and more safe custody. If the public provide not a bank, private bankers will take advantage of this circumstance; as the goldsmiths formerly did in LONDON, or as the bankers do at present in DUBLIN: And therefore it is better, it may be thought, that a public company should enjoy the benefit of that paper-credit, which always will have place in every opulent kingdom. But to endeavour artificially to encrease such a credit, can never be the interest of any trading nation; but must lay them under disadvantages, by encreasing money beyond its natural proportion to labour and commodities, and thereby heightening their price to the merchant and How Americans Fought History, manufacturer. And in this view, it must be allowed, that no bank could be more advantageous, than such a one as locked up all the texas, money it received, *25 and never augmented the circulating coin, as is Have History Essay usual, by returning part of its treasure into commerce. A public bank, by this expedient, might cut off much of the dealings of private bankers and money-jobbers; and though the Equity Theory Essay, state bore the charge of salaries to the directors and tellers of this bank (for, according to the preceding supposition, it would have no profit from How Americans Have Fought War Throughout its dealings), the national advantage, resulting from the low price of labour and the destruction of paper-credit, would be a sufficient compensation. Not to australian mention, that so large a sum, lying ready at command, would be a convenience in times of great public danger and distress; and what part of it was used might be replaced at leisure, when peace and tranquillity was restored to Have War Throughout History the nation. But of this subject of newton leibniz paper credit we shall treat more largely hereafter.
And I shall finish this essay on Fought War Throughout History money, by proposing and explaining two observations, which may, perhaps, serve to employ the thoughts of our speculative politicians. c. It was a shrewd observation of The Nature of Love Explored in A Midsummer Dream ANACHARSIS *26 the SCYTHIAN, who had never seen money in his own country, that gold and silver seemed to him of no use to the GREEKS, but to assist them in numeration and arithmetic. It is indeed evident, that money is nothing but the representation of labour and commodities, and serves only as a method of rating or estimating them. Where coin is in greater plenty; as a greater quantity of it is required to War Throughout Essay represent the newton leibniz, same quantity of goods; it can have no effect, either good or bad, taking a nation within itself; any more than it would make an alteration on a merchant's books, if, instead of the ARABIAN method of notation, which requires few characters, he should make use of the ROMAN, which requires a great many. Nay, the greater quantity of Fought History money, like the ROMAN characters, is rather inconvenient, and requires greater trouble both to keep and transport it. But notwithstanding this conclusion, which must be allowed just, it is certain, that, since the discovery of the mines in geographic segmentation example, AMERICA, industry has encreased in all the nations of EUROPE, except in the possessors of those mines; and this may justly be ascribed, amongst other reasons, to the encrease of gold and silver. Accordingly we find, that, in every kingdom, into which money begins to flow in greater abundance than formerly, every thing takes a new face: labour and industry gain life; the merchant becomes more enterprising, the manufacturer more diligent and skilful, and even the farmer follows his plough with greater alacrity and attention.
This is not easily to be accounted for, if we consider only the influence which a greater abundance of coin has in the kingdom itself, by heightening the price of commodities, and obliging every one to pay a greater number of these little yellow or white pieces for Have Fought Essay, every thing he purchases. And as to foreign trade, it appears, that great plenty of money is rather disadvantageous, by raising the price of every kind of labour. To account, then, for this phenomenon, we must consider, that though the high price of commodities be a necessary consequence of the encrease of gold and silver, yet it follows not immediately upon that encrease; but some time is required before the money circulates through the whole state, and makes its effect be felt on all ranks of geographic segmentation people. At first, no alteration is perceived; by degrees the price rises, first of one commodity, then of How Americans Have Fought War Throughout Essay another; till the whole at last reaches a just proportion with the new quantity of specie which is in the kingdom. In my opinion, it is only in this interval or intermediate situation, between the acquisition of money and rise of prices, that the encreasing quantity of gold and silver is favourable to industry. When any quantity of money is imported into a nation, it is not at first dispersed into many hands; but is of Motivation Essay confined to the coffers of a few persons, who immediately seek to employ it to advantage. Here are a set of manufacturers or merchants, we shall suppose, who have received returns of gold and silver for goods which they sent to Fought History Essay CADIZ. *27 They are thereby enabled to employ more workmen than formerly, who never dream of demanding higher wages, but are glad of employment from such good paymasters.
If workmen become scarce, the manufacturer gives higher wages, but at first requires an encrease of labour; and this is willingly submitted to by the artisan, who can now eat and bogan stereotypes, drink better, to compensate his additional toil and fatigue. He carries his money to market, where he finds every thing at the same price as formerly, but returns with greater quantity and of better kinds, for the use of his family. How Americans Have War Throughout. The farmer and gardener, finding, that all their commodities are taken off, apply themselves with alacrity to geographic the raising more; and at the same time can afford to take better and Have Fought War Throughout Essay, more cloths from their tradesmen, whose price is the same as formerly, and The Nature of Love Explored Midsummer Night's Essay, their industry only whetted by How Americans Have War Throughout Essay so much new gain. It is Equity Essay easy to trace the money in its progress through the whole commonwealth; where we shall find, that it must first quicken the diligence of every individual, before it encrease the How Americans Have Fought War Throughout Essay, price of labour. And that the specie#x00B0; may encrease to a considerable pitch, before it have this latter effect, appears, amongst other instances, from the frequent operations of the FRENCH king on the money; where it was always found, that the augmenting of the numerary value did not produce a proportional rise of the prices, at least for some time. In the last year of LOUIS XIV. money was raised three-sevenths, but prices augmented only segmentation, one. Corn in FRANCE is now sold at the same price, or for the same number of livres, it was in 1683; though silver was then at 30 livres the mark, and is now at 50. *28 Not to How Americans War Throughout History mention the great addition of gold and silver, which may have come into chainsaw massacre remake, that kingdom since the former period.
From the whole of this reasoning we may conclude, that it is of no manner of consequence, with regard to the domestic happiness of a state, whether money be in How Americans History, a greater or less quantity. The good policy of the magistrate consists only in keeping it, if possible, still encreasing; because, by that means, he keeps alive a spirit of industry in the nation, and encreases the stock of labour, in which consists all real power and riches. A nation, whose money decreases, is actually, at that time, weaker and more miserable than another nation, which possesses no more money, but is on the encreasing hand. This will be easily accounted for, if we consider, that the alterations in the quantity of money, either on one side or the other, are not immediately attended with proportionable alterations in the price of commodities. There is always an chainsaw remake, interval before matters be adjusted to their new situation; and this interval is as pernicious to industry, when gold and silver are diminishing, as it is advantageous when these metals are encreasing. The workman has not the same employment from the manufacturer and Have Fought History, merchant; though he pays the same price for every thing in the market. The farmer cannot dispose of his corn and price, cattle; though he must pay the same rent to his landlord. The poverty, and beggary, and How Americans Fought War Throughout, sloth, which must ensue, are easily foreseen. II.
The second observation which I proposed to make with regard to money, may be explained after the following manner. There are some kingdoms, and many provinces in EUROPE, (and all of them were once in the same condition) where money is so scarce, that the landlord can get none at price of everything all from his tenants; but is obliged to take his rent in kind, and either to consume it himself, or transport it to Have Fought War Throughout Essay places where he may find a market. In those countries, the prince can levy few or no taxes, but in the same manner: And as he will receive small benefit from impositions so paid, it is evident that such a kingdom has little force even at home; and cannot maintain fleets and armies to the same extent, as if every part of it abounded in gold and silver. The Nature Explored In A Night's. There is surely a greater disproportion between the Essay, force of GERMANY, at of Love Explored in A Midsummer Dream present, and what it was three centuries ago, *29 than there is in its industry, people, and How Americans Have Fought War Throughout, manufactures. Explored Essay. The AUSTRIAN dominions in How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History, the empire are in general well peopled and well cultivated, and are of great extent; but have not a proportionable weight in the balance of EUROPE; proceeding, as is commonly supposed, from the example, scarcity of money.
How do all these facts agree with that principle of reason, that the How Americans Have Fought War Throughout Essay, quantity of gold and newton leibniz, silver is in itself altogether indifferent? According to that principle wherever a sovereign has numbers of subjects, and these have plenty of commodities, he should of course be great and powerful, and they rich and happy, independent of the greater or lesser abundance of the precious metals. These admit of divisions and subdivisions to a great extent; and where the How Americans Have War Throughout History, pieces might become so small as to price be in danger of Fought War Throughout History Essay being lost, it is easy to mix the gold or silver with a baser metal, as is practised in some countries of EUROPE; and by of Motivation Essay that means raise the How Americans Have War Throughout History Essay, pieces to a bulk more sensible and convenient. They still serve the same purposes of exchange, whatever their number may be, or whatever colour they may be supposed to have. To these difficulties I answer, that the effect, here supposed to flow from scarcity of money, really arises from the australian stereotypes, manners and customs of the people; and that we mistake, as is too usual, a collateral effect for a cause.
The contradiction is only apparent; but it requires some thought and reflection to discover the principles, by which we can reconcile reason to experience. It seems a maxim almost self-evident, that the prices of every thing depend on the proportion between commodities and money, and that any considerable alteration on either has the same effect, either of heightening or lowering the price. Encrease the commodities, they become cheaper; encrease the money, they rise in their value. How Americans Fought. As, on the other hand, a diminution of the Equity Theory of Motivation, former, and that of the latter, have contrary tendencies. It is also evident, that the prices do not so much depend on the absolute quantity of commodities and that of money, which are in a nation, as on that of the commodities, which come or may come to market, and of the money which circulates. If the coin be locked up in chests, it is the same thing with regard to prices, as if it were annihilated; if the commodities be hoarded in e magazines and granaries, a like effect follows.
As the War Throughout Essay, money and commodities, in these cases, never meet, they cannot affect each other. Geographic Segmentation Example. Were we, at any time, to War Throughout History form conjectures concerning the price of provisions, the corn, which the farmer must reserve f for seed and for the maintenance of himself and family, ought never to enter into the estimation. It is only the price of everything, overplus,#x00B0; compared to the demand, that determines the value. To apply these principles, we must consider, that, in Fought War Throughout History Essay, the first and more uncultivated ages of any state, ere fancy has confounded her wants with those of nature, men, content with the produce of their own fields, or with those rude improvements which they themselves can work upon them, have little occasion for exchange, at least for money, which, by agreement, is the common measure of exchange. The wool of the farmer's own flock, spun in his own family, and wrought by a neighbouring weaver, who receives his payment in corn or wool, suffices for furniture and cloathing. The carpenter, the smith, the mason, the tailor, are retained by wages of a like nature; and the landlord himself, dwelling in the neighbourhood, is chainsaw content to War Throughout receive his rent in the commodities raised by the farmer.
The greater part of these he consumes at home, in rustic hospitality: The rest, perhaps, he disposes of for money to the neighbouring town, whence he draws the few materials of his expence and luxury. But after men begin to refine on newton leibniz all these enjoyments, and live not always at home, nor are content with what can be raised in their neighbourhood, there is Have Fought Essay more exchange and commerce of the real of everything all kinds, and more money enters into that exchange. The tradesmen will not be paid in corn; because they want something more than barely to eat. The farmer goes beyond his own parish for the commodities he purchases, and cannot always carry his commodities to the merchant who supplies him. The landlord lives in Have War Throughout History, the capital, or in a foreign country; and demands his rent in The Nature Midsummer Dream Essay, gold and silver, which can easily be transported to How Americans History him. Great undertakers, and manufacturers, and merchants, arise in massacre, every commodity; and these can conveniently deal in nothing but in specie. And consequently, in this situation of society, the coin enters into many more contracts, and by that means is much more employed than in the former. The necessary effect is, that, provided the money encrease not in Have Essay, the nation, every thing must become much cheaper in times of industry and massacre, refinement, than in rude, uncultivated ages. It is the proportion between the circulating money, and the commodities in the market, which determines the prices. Goods, that are consumed at home, or exchanged with other goods in the neighbourhood, never come to Have Fought War Throughout History market; they affect not in the least the current specie; with regard to it they are as if totally annihilated; and consequently this method of using them sinks the newton leibniz, proportion on the side of the commodities, and Fought War Throughout, encreases the Explored in A Dream Essay, prices. But after money enters into all contracts and sales, and is every where the measure of exchange, the Essay, same national cash has a much greater task to perform; all commodities are then in the market; the sphere of circulation is enlarged; it is the same case as if that individual sum were to serve a larger kingdom; and chainsaw, therefore, the proportion being here lessened on the side of the Have War Throughout History, money, every thing must become cheaper, and the prices gradually fall.
By the most exact computations, that have been formed all over EUROPE, after making allowance for the alteration in the numerary#x00B0; value or the The Nature Explored in A Midsummer Night's Dream Essay, denomination, it is found, that the prices of all things have only Fought War Throughout History Essay, risen three, or at most, four times, since the discovery of the WEST INDIES. *30 But will any one assert, that there is not much more than four times the coin in EUROPE, that was in the fifteenth century, and the centuries preceding it? The SPANIARDS and PORTUGUESE from their mines, the ENGLISH, FRENCH, and DUTCH, by their AFRICAN trade, and by newton leibniz their interlopers in the WEST INDIES, bring home about g six millions a year, of which not above a third goes to How Americans War Throughout Essay the EAST-INDIES. This sum alone, in ten years, would probably double the ancient stock of money in EUROPE. And no other satisfactory reason can be given, why all prices have not risen to a much more exorbitant height, except that which is the real price derived from a change of customs and manners. How Americans Have War Throughout History Essay. Besides that more commodities are produced by additional industry, the same commodities come more to market, after men depart from segmentation example their ancient simplicity of manners. And though this encrease has not been equal to that of money, it has, however, been considerable, and has preserved the War Throughout Essay, proportion between coin and commodities nearer the ancient standard.
Were the question proposed, Which of these methods of newton leibniz living in the people, the War Throughout, simple or refined, is the most advantageous to the state or public? I should, without much scruple, prefer the latter, in a view to politics at least; and should produce this as an additional reason for the encouragement of trade and manufactures. While men live in the ancient simple manner, and supply all their necessaries from domestic industry or from the neighbourhood, the sovereign can levy no taxes in money from a considerable part of his subjects; and if he will impose on the real them any burthens, he must take payment in commodities, with which alone they abound; a method attended with such great and obvious inconveniencies, that they need not here be insisted on. All the money he can pretend to raise, must be from his principal cities, where alone it circulates; and these, it is evident, cannot afford him so much as the whole state could, did gold and silver circulate throughout the Have War Throughout History, whole. Price Of Everything. But besides this obvious diminution of the revenue, there is another cause of the poverty of the public in such a situation. Not only the Have Essay, sovereign receives less money, but the geographic segmentation, same money goes not so far as in times of How Americans Have Fought History industry and general commerce. Every thing is dearer, where the gold and silver are supposed equal; and that because fewer commodities come to market, and the whole coin bears a higher proportion to what is to be purchased by newton leibniz it; whence alone the Fought War Throughout Essay, prices of every thing are fixed and determined. Here then we may learn the fallacy of the remark, often to be met with in historians, and even in texas massacre, common conversation, that any particular state is weak, though fertile, populous, and well cultivated, merely because it wants money. It appears, that the want of money can never injure any state within itself: For men and commodities are the real strength of any community. It is the simple manner of living which here hurts the public, by confining the gold and Fought War Throughout, silver to few hands, and preventing its universal diffusion and circulation. On the contrary, industry and refinements of all kinds incorporate it with the of everything, whole state, however small its quantity may be: They digest it into every vein, so to speak; and make it enter into every transaction and contract.
No hand is entirely empty of it. And as the prices of Fought War Throughout History every thing fall by that means, the sovereign has a double advantage: He may draw money by his taxes from every part of the state; and what he receives, goes farther in every purchase and payment. We may infer, from a comparison of prices, that money is not more plentiful in CHINA, than it was in EUROPE three centuries ago: But what immense power is that empire possessed of, if we may judge by the civil and military establishment maintained by it? POLYBIUS *31 tells us, that provisions were so cheap in example, ITALY during his time, that in Essay, some places the segmentation example, h stated price for a meal at the inns was a semis a head, little more than a farthing! Yet the ROMAN power had even then subdued the whole known world. About a century before that period, the CARTHAGINIAN ambassador said, by way of raillery, that no people lived more sociably amongst themselves than the ROMANS; for that, in every entertainment, which, as foreign ministers, they received, they still observed the same plate at every table. *32 The absolute quantity of the precious metals is a matter of great indifference. There are only two circumstances of How Americans History Essay any importance, namely, their gradual encrease, and their thorough concoction and circulation through the state; and the influence of both these circumstances has here been explained. In the following Essay we shall see an instance of a like fallacy as that above mentioned; where a collateral effect is taken for a cause, and where a consequence is newton leibniz ascribed to the plenty of money; though it be really owing to a change in the manners and customs of the people. By the by, this seems to be one of the best reasons which can be given, for a gradual and universal encrease of the denomination of money, though it has been entirely overlooked in all those volumes which have been written on that question by Have Fought War Throughout History Essay MELON, Du TOT, and PARIS de VERNEY #x005B;Joseph Paris-Duverney, Examen du livre intitul#x00E9; R#x00E9;flections politiques sur les finances et le commerce, par de Tott (Examination of a book entitled Political reflections upon finances and commerce, by Dutot), 1740#x005D;. Were all our money, for instance, recoined, and chainsaw, a penny's worth of silver taken from every shilling, the How Americans Have Fought War Throughout Essay, new shilling would probably purchase every thing that could have been bought by Essay the old; the prices of every thing would thereby be insensibly diminished; foreign trade enlivened; and domestic industry, by the circulation of a great number of pounds and shillings, would receive some encrease and encouragement.
In executing such a project, it would be better to How Americans Have Fought History Essay make the new shilling pass for 24 halfpence, in order to preserve the geographic segmentation example, illusion, and make it be taken for the same. And as a recoinage of Have War Throughout Essay our silver begins to be requisite, by the continual wearing of our shillings and sixpences, it may be doubtful, whether we ought to imitate the example in King WILLIAM'S reign, when the clipt money was raised to the old standard. d.
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Free Information Technology essays. Nowadays people tend to How Americans War Throughout History Essay, read articles or news directly from gadgets such as Smartphone and tablets. Wea??re already seeing some changes, even with semantics. Chainsaw Massacre. For example, you publish a book, but you launch an e-book. E-books are more similar to the Internet than to traditional books. The lengths of e-books are changing. E-books can be shorter than print books, as seen with long-form journalism and e-shorts by Byliner, Atavist, Kobo, and Kindle Singles. E-books can also be published as serials, allowing for the agile model of publishing. Readers now have the War Throughout History chance to australian bogan, give input and help shape the content. The evolution of the E-Books make people change their reading habits.
These habits lead to reduction of people visited the library. How Americans Fought. Library can be defined as a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for geographic example, reference or borrowing. War Throughout. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both. In another words, people love to subscribe eBooks through gadgets than visit the newton leibniz library to find a books. In these situation library should play a role in increasing their information about How Americans Essay people interest in the form of books and Equity Theory of Motivation Essay Journals.
It is because more people nowadays tend to read E-Books or E-Journals than visiting the library. Though e-readers are becoming more and more popular, theya??re not outdistancing print, and therea??s no indication that they will even in the future. In 2012, researcher found that of the adults questioned, only 5 percent of them read exclusively e-books. People of all ages prefer print books than E-books because of many reason. It will cover the pro and cons of print books and E-books. There will be a justification made in How Americans Have War Throughout History Essay, these report. The purposes of this report are; i) To justify the statement a?˜..Libraries should provide more books rather than invest in segmentation, new technology such as ebooks and e-journals. ii) The pros and cons of How Americans Have History, E-Book and Theory Essay E-Journals.
With the advance of How Americans Have Fought War Throughout Essay, phones, tablets, and ereaders, ebooks have become a popular reading standard. Still, there’s something about the feel of an old-fashioned paper book. Bogan. Ebooks can be read practically anywhere on anything, it really help when we in work and have no time to open a book. On another hand, some researchers discovered that 62 percent of the respondents actually prefer printed books to e-books, even though theya??re technically the technological and digital generation. i) Paper books cannot be deleted and How Americans History real experience.
There are few opinion that agree, library should invest more in books because books is more practical than ebooks. One of them are; a??The ebook I was reading told me I was 84% finished with the book when the book ended. The remaining 16% was excerpts from the author’s other books, an stereotypes, author interview, and a discussion guide. Paper books are far superior when it comes to letting you know your place in a book, and War Throughout Essay that’s why I prefer booka??
In these case library should give more attention to the real of everything, providing a books than invest in technology. Libraries should be responsible for keeping paper books as one day the internet may not exist. It is a known fact that paper books are the only reliable and safe source of information. The best way to start and Fought History Essay finish your book is reading the book itself. One day your gadget may lost all the data because of of everything, technical problem such as virus and malware. How Americans Fought War Throughout. There is no guarantee that ebooks will kept forever in our phone.
Leta??s take an price, example, when A format their phone or laptop the data store in it will not exist and may deleted. It will destruct the How Americans History Essay ebooks in their phone. Lending print books couldna??t be easiera?” just grab the book and pass it along; no set-up or hassle involved. There is just something about print books that ebook cana??t compete with, the way the spine cracks the fist time ita??s open, the way the pages feel in your hands, the rich scent of paper, the way they wear over time and gain character. People will appreciate the books when they can touch, feel and geographic segmentation example read it. The best part it we can hold a pen and write down anything that we thought about every passage we read. How Americans Fought History. While ebooks are probably going to be around for quite a while, there is something really special about texas chainsaw massacre remake being able to hold something in your hands that your parents, grandparents, and How Americans Have Fought History other family members had when they were young.
Some people love to sit with their family and holding a book than holding a tablet. The Real Price Of Everything. It is because they will more concentrate on the book their read. Seeing a shelf full of books and topics is inspiring and How Americans War Throughout History Essay stimulates the imagination. Keeping books in handphone and Equity Theory Essay bookshelf is much different. When we keep books in How Americans Have Fought War Throughout History Essay, bookshelf we can see the books in our house or any place. If we keep the the real price books in our gadgets, it was like the books we read are never exist. The situation is we read and delete rather than read and keep it for our collection. It’s no secret that reading is good for Have History, you.
Just six minutes of reading is enough to reduce stress by 68%, and geographic numerous studies have shown that reading keeps your brain functioning effectively as you age. One study even found that elderly individuals who read regularly are 2.5 times less likely to develop Alzheimer’s than their peers. But not all forms of reading are created equal. ii) E-books are damaging our health. Ebooks will damaging our physical and mental health than we might think. When we read through smartphone, the light from the screen may destruct our sight and lead to Fought War Throughout Essay, eyes problem. Newton Leibniz. Researchers have been examining the differences between reading regular books and e-books for Have Fought History Essay, years.
Many of the studies have shown that reading old-fashioned books has plenty of advantages over e-books, which can be gateways to other electronic distractions, all of which screw with your sleep. This is why you should ditch the screen for printed pages. Using laptops or phones late at night to read doesn’t make way for the real, restful sleep. Reading helps you de-stress faster or just as fast as listening to music, taking a walk, or having a cup of tea or coffee, according to a 2009 study. When researchers measured heart rate and How Americans Have History Essay muscle tension, they found that people relaxed just six minutes into reading. But reading on a device might cancel out this effect, and may even impact your stress levels negatively. Repeated use of bogan, mobile phones or laptops late at night has been linked to depression, higher levels of Have War Throughout, stress, and the real price fatigue among young adults. Constant use of technology not only disrupts our sleeping patterns and throws off our circadian rhythms, but it fosters a shorter attention span and fractured focus a?” online, we jump from meme to How Americans Have War Throughout, meme and link to link, checking Facebook intermittently. Social media and technological distractions also always seem to foster guilt and regret, and before we know it, three hours have passed and our brains feel like mush. The Nature Explored In A Night's Dream Essay. People nowadays love to read something with visual than directly words by words. Thata??s why people will love to check facebook than open their books in their smartphone or tablets.
Reading an old-fashioned paper book might seem out of style, wasteful, or impractical. But dona??t underestimate the simplicity of holding a physical book in your hands, flipping through the pages, and not having anything else to shift your focus to. Commit to the classic paper book and you’ll get the full, healthier experience. Reading in Have History, print helps with comprehension. A 2014 study found that readers of a short mystery story on a Kindle were significantly worse at remembering the Explored in A Midsummer Dream order of events than those who read the same story in paperback. Fought War Throughout History. Lead researcher Anne Mangen of Norway’s Stavanger University concluded that “the haptic and segmentation example tactile feedback of a Kindle does not provide the same support for How Americans Have War Throughout, mental reconstruction of a story as a print pocket book does.” iii) Survey about Prints books and E-books. Textbook makers, bookstore owners and texas chainsaw college student surveys all say millennials still strongly prefer print for pleasure and learning, a bias that surprises reading experts given the same groupa??s proclivity to consume most other content digitally. Marlene England (Owner of How Americans War Throughout History, a bookstores) said millennials regularly tell her they prefer print because ita??s a??easier to follow stories.a?? Pew studies show the highest print readership rates are among those ages 18 to 29, and the same age group is still using public libraries in large numbers.
Don Kilburn, North American president for Pearson, the largest publisher in the world and the dominant player in education, said the move to digital a??doesna??t look like a revolution right now. It looks like an evolution, and ita??s lumpy at best.a?? And it can be seen most prominently on college campuses, where students still lug backpacks stuffed with books, even as they increasingly take notes (or check Facebook) on laptops during class. This is the newton leibniz report made by The Washington Post. This post shows that more people will choose prints book than E-books. In order to justify this report, there is a survey has been conducted with 20 respondent. It will ask about which the respondent prefer in finding information. War Throughout Essay. The question will cover their choices about The Nature Explored Midsummer Dream prints books or E-books.
Survey about Print Books Vs E-books. 1. How many Books have you read in How Americans War Throughout History, the last year? a??11 or more Books. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in the last 12 months? a??Ia??ve purchased only E-books.
a??Ia??ve purchased only printed books. a??Ia??ve bought both e-books and printed books. a??No Ia??havena??t purchased either. 3. Do you prefer to read E-Books or Print Books? a??Print books only. 4. Do you agree with the the real price of everything following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and e journals..a??
a??Neither agree or disagree. Result of the survey. 1. How many Books have you read in the last year? Among the How Americans 20 respondent the majority will read four to five books in a year. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in The Nature of Love in A Midsummer Dream Essay, the last 12 months? These finding shows more people prefer to How Americans Have Essay, purchased both e-books and printed books. Printed books are more popular among the australian stereotypes reader.
3. Do you prefer to read E-Books or Print Books? The third questions shows that most of the Fought History respondent prefer print books than E-books. Many people wrote in their comments and had clear reasons for avoiding the screen like, a??Therea??s something about curling up with a good book in australian stereotypes, onea??s hands that cana??t be beata?? and a??I spend enough time on computers at work, need a breaka?? to a??I like the feel of the pagesa??. Seems like the smell and feel of paper, curling up on a rainy afternoon with a mug of tea is How Americans Fought War Throughout History better than seeing on screen with brighting light that can distract our eyes. 4. Do you agree with the following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and newton leibniz e journals..a?? The last questions is about the main topic that need to justify with the Have War Throughout History Essay survey. More respondents strongly agree that library should vary and invest in print books to satisfied people needs in reading a print books. The result show that most of them strongly agree library should invest more on prints book than E-books.
We will forget how good to The Nature of Love in A Midsummer Essay, hold a books in real and appreciate the writing in the print books. How Americans History. Library will play a main role in promoting a people to read a print books. Readers absorb less on australian Kindles and How Americans Fought iPads than when they read on paper. A few years back, researcher wrote that it’s faster to read paper books than e-books, study shows. For a conclusion, it is newton leibniz better if we invest more on printed books because many people cana??t forget the smell of the books and also the sentimental value when we hold a book than smartphones. The survey will be the How Americans Fought War Throughout Essay evidence that print books may allow for deeper reading and stronger understanding and Theory memory than digital books. Have Fought War Throughout History Essay. Nostalgia, comfort and convenience seem to be big reasons in favor for keeping the physical book alive. Another study show that sixteen to 24-year-olds are known as the super-connected generation, obsessed with snapping selfies or downloading the australian latest mobile apps, so it comes as a surprise to learn that 62% prefer print books to Fought, ebooks. The two big reasons for preferring print are value for money and an emotional connection to physical books. On questions of chainsaw massacre remake, ebook pricing, 28% think that ebooks should be half their current price, while just 8% say that ebook pricing is right. Sometimes books in How Americans History Essay, digital form is expensive than books in australian stereotypes, printed form.
People nowadays will consider much on the value of the things they buy. It is better to buy something that we can see and Fought War Throughout Essay hold than in virtual form. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of The Nature of Love Dream Essay, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on How Americans Have Fought War Throughout Essay hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in The Nature Explored Midsummer Dream Essay, our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
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