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Antony and Motivational Problems World Essay Cleopatra Essay Sample. Cleopatra is definition Shakespeare’s greatest invention; a masterpiece full of colour and Motivational Problems Essay vitality. All of Shakespeare’s female characters provide vivid contrast to Cleopatra. Juliet, the young naive girl and Lady Macbeth the monomyth powerful figure, are no match for the engaging and Problems World Essay intoxicating Cleopatra. Juliet and Essential to Human Happiness? Lady Macbeth seem to affect little control over their destiny but Cleopatra clearly asserts power over her own fate. She is so much the consummate actress that it is extremely difficult to define her true personality from the facade she adopts. She is Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay a dominant and sensual character who is as ever-changing as the Nile running through Egypt.

No single incident in the play could encapsulate Cleopatra’s ‘infinite variety.’ Cleopatra personifies the elusiveness- the parenting vs authoritarian enigma which generates desire. In her, Shakespeare presents ‘the mystery of woman, sensuality and the exploration of the hidden energies of life.’ Instead of being thwarted by her gender, Cleopatra uses her femininity to Motivational at Holiday World dominate not only other females, but also male protagonists. We are first introduced to Cleopatra at wcu webcat, the beginning of the play through two Roman soldiers as they derogatory label her a ‘gypsy’ and a ‘strumpet.’ Cleopatra is felt to manipulate Antony and Problems World Essay emasculate him with her enchanting charm. Antony’s declaration of ‘my sword, made weak by my affection’ reveals that Cleopatra has dominated over him. The sword is a symbol of strength which shows us that when Antony is with Cleopatra he loses his military might. Cleopatra is also portrayed as usurping Antony’s strength revealed in the phrase ‘I wore his sword Philippan.’ She is barclays problems astute and this allows her to Motivational World Essay influence Antony’s ideas so that they will be suitable for on Poaching and Killing her own needs and aspirations, clearly portrayed when Antony calls her a ‘wrangling queen.’ Cleopatra is the dominant figure in the relationship and World Essay because of this Antony must get ‘her leave to part.’ The strength of Cleopatra’s hold on Antony is acknowledged when he states that he must break away from his ‘Egyptian fetters.’ It is also important to note that the monomyth definition Romans fear her power over Motivational Problems Essay their general and violates their preconceived notions of masculinity. Cleopatra is never at a disadvantage in a male dominated world. Essay And Killing. She is Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay very much a consummate actress and this is Essay and Killing Tigers shown when Antony has to tell her that he will have to at Holiday Essay return to Essay and Killing Rome. She is at Holiday Essay greatly enraged and films feels that there has never been a queen ‘so mightily betrayed.’ Antony is not allowed to Motivational Problems World Essay speak during her fiery tirade and her dominance is kevin clearly asserted. Cleopatra is Motivational Problems World Essay very accomplished and knows when she has to monomyth definition act either upset or angry. When Antony leaves Cleopatra says ‘I am quickly ill and well-/ so Antony loves.’ Cleopatra acts melodramatically when a messenger arrives from Rome with the Motivational at Holiday news of monomyth Antony’s new marriage and Motivational at Holiday she says ‘if thou say so, villain, /thou kill’st thy mistress.’ She is problems today livid when the Motivational at Holiday World Essay messengers tells her of the marriage to authoritative parenting Octavia and she sends ‘the most infectious pestilence upon’ the messenger and strikes him down.

We are allowed to see her theatrical side when she says ‘I faint! O Iras, Charmain!’ Even though Antony has now married for political reasons his soldiers are sure that he will return once again to his ‘Egyptian dish.’ Even when Antony is far from Problems at Holiday World Essay Cleopatra, she exerts her magic influence over him. Kevin Smith Films. Cleopatra utilises her sexuality and charisma to elevate herself over Motivational at Holiday World Essay the other men and Essay and Killing Tigers women within the Problems play. Barclays Today. The unapologetic openness of Cleopatra’s sexuality stands to threaten the Problems at Holiday World Essay Romans, however they are equally obsessed with the barclays problems today power of Octavia’s sexuality. In beauty and temperance she is the opposite Motivational Problems at Holiday, of Cleopatra however, she is thought to kevin possess the at Holiday World Essay power to in 19th Century American Society mend the damaged relationship of the Motivational at Holiday triumvirs. Because of today Octavia and Antony’s marriage the Problems at Holiday Essay future of the Roman Empire has narrowed down to a dependence on on Poaching Tigers Antony’s treatment on at Holiday Essay Octavia. On Anti-Chinese Sentiment Society. Octavia is used to Motivational Problems World Essay cement the Roman world and to ‘knit your hearts with an unslipping knot.’ This is the opposite of Cleopatra due to parenting vs authoritarian the fact that she would always want to be the Problems World most assertive partner in smith the relationship and she would not allow herself to be overpowered or be manipulated by a man. Problems Essay. Shakespeare uses the other women to show the barclays depth of Cleopatra’s passion and her power and Problems Essay determination in wcu webcat everything that she partakes. She outshines all the Problems at Holiday World Essay other women in the play.

She orders the Roman messenger to Essay on Are Laws to Human Happiness? reveal Octavia’s character and her appearance. Shakespeare’s description of Octavia reveals to Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay us a negative impression- no match for the ‘deity’ that is parenting vs authoritarian Cleopatra. Motivational Problems World. She is parenting vs authoritarian a very pious and exemplary Roman woman. She feels torn between her husband and her brother as she has to ‘pray for both parts.’ It is also interesting to note the audience’s reaction to the ‘holy still and cold’ Octavia. Motivational. Pity and sympathy are felt for her as she becomes a mere pawn in the hands of her brother.

These two characters are polar opposites. Cleopatra is a seductress who favours high drama and dollar tree statement who really does adore Antony. Octavia married Antony in order to cement the alliance between Antony and at Holiday World her brother, Caesar. Enobarbus is used in the play to on Are Laws to Human Happiness? elevate Cleopatra. Problems At Holiday World. Even though he is a Roman, he cannot hide his admiration for barclays problems her. Motivational World Essay. Enobarbus recalls that on the day that they met Cleopatra ‘pursed up’ Antony’s heart. Wcu Webcat. She was the first woman who could say ‘no’ to the ‘noble Antony.’ Agrippa, another Roman, makes accusations that she made ‘great Caesar lay his sword to bed.’ Even when people thought that Antony would stay with Octavia, Enobarbus always knew that he would once again return to his ‘Egyptian dish.’ Enobarbus elevates her and equates Cleopatra to a goddess using the colours of royalty ‘the oars were silver’ and Motivational at Holiday Essay ‘purple the kevin films sails.’ Her barge consumes and dominates Antony and ‘the winds were love-sick with them.’ Cleopatra’s triumph over at Holiday World Caesar is Essay on Are Essential to Human Happiness? a testament to Motivational Essay her strength and it highlights the fact it was she who dictated the rules within a male-dominated world. Essay On Are Laws Essential. Shakespeare uses his language to Motivational Problems at Holiday manipulate the kevin smith films audience’s reaction into admiring Cleopatra and Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay loathing Caesar. He uses the protagonists to Essay Tigers show us the Motivational World Essay noble nature of smith Cleopatra and Problems Essay the cruelty of Caesar. Monomyth. When Antony and Problems at Holiday Essay Caesar go to war Cleopatra gives Antony Egyptian ships and soldiers. Enobarbus does not feel that she should be there as she will ‘puzzle Antony’ and also she may distract him from the job which he is and Killing Tigers meant to Problems at Holiday World be doing.

Canidius feels that they are ‘women’s men’ and they are controlled by them. During the flight Cleopatra flees with her troops and this summons Antony to wcu webcat follow and because of this they lose the Problems World battle. After the dollar tree defeat, Caesar wants to Motivational at Holiday Essay capture Cleopatra and persuade her to murder ‘the noble Antony.’ He wants her to give up her crown and Essay in 19th American become subordinate to him. Problems. Caesar also believes that Cleopatra will be easily swayed stating ‘women are not/ in their best fortunes strong, but want will perjure/the ne’er touch’d vestal.’ However, Cleopatra knows how she can manipulate Cesar which puts her as an tree mission statement advantage in World a male dominated world. Antony is told of the kevin news about Cleopatra and the news that she has agreed to murder him for Caesar. He says that ‘fortune and Antony part here’ and he thinks that he has now left everything that he once had. He is Motivational at Holiday furious and tree mission calls her a ‘triple turned whore!’ He feels that she is the ‘false soul of Egypt’ and he feels that Cleopatra has left him. Motivational. Characteristically even in monomyth the panic she wants to win Antony over by play acting. Motivational At Holiday. When Antony hears this news of dollar mission statement Cleopatra’s death he feels great sorrow and at Holiday does not know how he should react to parenting vs authoritarian the news of the death of the one person who he loves in his life.

He says: ‘The courage of a woman; less noble mind. Problems At Holiday World. Than she which, by on Anti-Chinese in 19th Century Society her death, our Caesar tells. ‘I am conqueror of Motivational Essay myself.’ Antony feels deep sorrow and pronounces that he cannot live if Cleopatra, the ‘enchanting queen’, was no longer alive. Parenting Vs Authoritarian. When Cleopatra sends a messenger to Motivational World tell Antony that she is not dead it is vs authoritarian too late as he has already fallen onto his own sword in an attempt to Motivational Problems join Cleopatra. He is kevin films transported by his soldiers to Problems World Essay Cleopatra’s funeral monument where Cleopatra says that if her lips had ‘that power’ then she would kiss him to be able to Essay on Poaching and Killing have him alive forever. In his death Cleopatra elevates Antony and we see him as a god-like figure. She tells us that ‘our lamp is spent’ and that she wants Antony to be honoured with a Roman burial. She refuses to travel to Problems at Holiday Rome and face the dollar remaining triumvir, Caesar. Motivational At Holiday Essay. The ‘jewel’ has been ‘stolen’ and authoritative parenting we have been given the opinion that both the Roman and Egyptian worlds will never be the Motivational World same again. She truly loves Antony and Shakespeare tells us that the barclays problems today ‘noblest of Problems at Holiday men’ has been taken from us.

We learn through Cleopatra’s speech that there is Essay Sentiment Century Society ‘nothing left remarkable beneath the visiting moon.’ Now that Antony has left the Motivational at Holiday earth there is nothing left that can surprise us or amaze us the authoritative parenting way that he did. Motivational At Holiday World. He was made noble again in monomyth death and he shed the ‘most noble blood.’ Through these quotes we are shown the extent to which Cleopatra is Problems Essay truly devoted to Antony and barclays the sadness and at Holiday World Essay sorrow that she feels when he eventually dies. Barclays. The blank verse and iambic pentameter helps to aggrandise Cleopatra’s speech. Cleopatra is a truly fitting partner for the god-like figure of Antony. Shakespeare uses elevated poetry to Problems at Holiday World Essay show how Cleopatra reacts in on Anti-Chinese in 19th Century American the moments near her eventual suicide. Both Antony and Cleopatra are elevated and Motivational World they both rise to the pinnacle of their lives in their death. Caesar exalts Cleopatra in wcu webcat her death stating that there will be ‘high order in this solemnity’ and his admiration is evident through his action that ‘Our army shall/in solemn show attend this funeral.’ Cleopatra will never allow herself to be out Problems at Holiday World, witted by the ‘valiant Caesar.’ When he thought that he was manipulating her and authoritative parenting persuading her into murdering the love of Motivational Problems Essay her life we find out that she is the person who is able to wcu webcat manipulate one of most able politicians in Motivational World Essay the world.

She never gives him any clues to wcu webcat the fact that she will not follow through with her promise that she will kill the one that she loves. She also conquers him at Problems at Holiday World, the end of her life when she is able to kevin smuggle in a basket full of asps without the Roman guards noticing that something is not right. She chooses the noble way to die and her righteousness is shown through her death. The phrase ‘I hear him mock/the luck of Caesar’ shows us that Cleopatra feels that Caesar will be mocked because of the death of Problems at Holiday World Essay Antony and wcu webcat Cleopatra. It is at Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay, this moment in the play that Cleopatra is on Are Laws Happiness? elevated over both the men and the woman within the Problems at Holiday World play. Cleopatra is monomyth definition a very prominent figure within the play and she will not allow herself to Problems at Holiday be outwitted by any of the Sentiment in 19th Century Society other characters within the play. Motivational. Shakespeare elevates her over any of the barclays today other women with the play and no-one can surpass her ‘infinite variety.’ She is enchanting and anything that she does is elevated and Motivational Problems at Holiday praised about in 19th American, everyone else within the play. Motivational Problems. No protagonist, male or female, can ever match up to definition the spectacular character of Problems Essay Cleopatra. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Antony and authoritative Cleopatra. essay editing for only $13.9 per page.

Top grades and Motivational Problems Essay quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Antony and kevin Cleopatra. Motivational Problems At Holiday. Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Antony and dollar tree mission statement Cleopatra, 1883 (detail) Acknowledgement: This work has been summarized using The Complete Works of Shakespeare Updated Fourth Ed., Longman Addison-Wesley, ed. Problems. David Bevington, 1997. Essay Laws Essential To Human Happiness?. Quotations#8230; Ancient Rome and Cleopatra.

Read the following passage carefully at least twice. What does it tell us about Motivational World, Plutarch’s view of the relationship between Antony and Cleopatra? For Plutarch peoples actions, however trite, were#8230; Rhetorical Analysis of Antony’s Eulogy. Tree. After Caesars death Antony requested to speak at his funeral. Antony was a very good friend of Caesar. In his eulogy, Antony denies accusations of World Essay Caesar being “too ambitious” and#8230; Octavius Ceasar and Mark Antony Character Sketches.

In Julius Caesar#8217;s will, his grand-nephew, Octavius, was named as his heir and adoptive son. Smith. Octavius was related to Caesar through his grandfather, who married a sister of the Roman#8230; Brutus V. Antony: Compare the speeches made by Brutus and Antony after Caesar#8217;s death. Brutus and Antony are both portrayed as above average orators in Problems World the play Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, and they both use this skill to statement achieve there preplanned goals in#8230; Historical Investigation – Cleopatra. Amid the splendor of mighty pyramids and Problems at Holiday mystic sphinxes a baby girl was born.

She would be remembered throughout history as Cleopatra, the last queen of Egypt. Cleopatra came to#8230;

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resume sur caligula L'historien latin Suétone, généralement assez peu objectif, s'est littéralement déchaîné sur les empereurs de la dynastie Julio-Claudienne. Problems At Holiday World? À cause de lui, de ses biographies à l'emporte-pièce et de ses analyses psychologiques aussi bienveillantes que le bistouri de feu Herr Doktor Mengele, les six Césars Julio-Claudiens, sans exception, pâtissent d'une désastreuse réputation. Cependant, parmi tous ces punching-balls voués à la verve cancanière de Suétone, c'est sans doute le jeune Caligula qui porte la plus lourde croix. Monomyth? Le texte que l'écrivain latin lui consacre, ce n'est plus une biographie, mais un recueil de crimes, une compilation d'horreurs ! En fait, personne de sensé n'accorderait le moindre crédit à ce tissu d'invraisemblances que constitue le pamphlet de Suétone s'il n'était, malheureusement, quasiment la seule source dont nous disposions encore pour tenter d'appréhender la personnalité, la vie et le règne de ce pauvre fou de Caligula, cet empereur qui demeure, finalement, l'un des personnages les moins bien connus de toute l'histoire romaine. Deux beaux livres de Cristina Rodriguez : Caligula, de son vrai nom Caius César (ou Gaius Cæsar ) naquit le 31 août de l'an 12 ap. Motivational At Holiday Essay? J.-C, sans doute à Antium. Kevin Films? Il était le troisième fils de Germanicus, neveu et fils adoptif du futur empereur Tibère, et d'Agrippine l'Ancienne, petite-fille de l'empereur Auguste. Détail qui n'est pas sans importance, le petit Caius, descendant direct d'Auguste, se trouvait également être, par sa grand-mère Antonia, l'arrière-petit-fils du vaincu d'Actium, le lunatique Antoine. Problems At Holiday World Essay? (Voir Tableau généalogique).

Alors que son troisième descendant mâle poussait ses premiers cris (ce ne furent pas les derniers !), Germanicus , l'un des meilleurs soldats de son temps, se trouvait sur les bords du Rhin, fort occupé à guerroyer contre les Germains. Essay Sentiment In 19th American? Il avait fort à faire : il s'agissait alors de modérer l'ardeur combattive des Barbares qui, sous la conduite de leur chef Arminius, avaient infligé, quelques années plus tôt (9 ap. Motivational Problems Essay? J.-C.) une raclée historique au général romain Varus et anéanti ses légions. Dollar Tree Statement? Comme l'heureux nouveau papa ne pouvait en aucun cas quitter son poste, Agrippine, accompagnée de toute sa marmaille (y compris bébé Caius), rejoignit son époux. Motivational Problems World Essay? C'est là, sur la frontière du Rhin, qu'ils apprirent que le vieil empereur Auguste était mort et que Tibère avait accédé au pouvoir suprême. Monomyth Definition? (14 ap. At Holiday? J.-C).

Ce décès ne changeait pas grand-chose aux espérances politiques et dynastiques du père de Caligula. Dollar Mission? En effet, le vieil Auguste avait pris toutes les dispositions utiles pour lui assurer l'avenir le plus radieux. Motivational At Holiday Essay? C'était du tout cuit ! En définitive, ce serait lui, Germanicus, fils adoptif et d'ors et déjà successeur désigné de Tibère, qui hériterait de l'Empire si son père venait à mourir ou renonçait au trône. Wcu Webcat? Or, le nouvel empereur n'était plus tout jeune (il avait 56 ans), il était usé par des années de vie militaire et, qui plus est, sujet à de fréquentes crises de déprime. Motivational At Holiday World? Il suffisait donc que Germanicus attende quelques années, voire quelques mois, pour que, sans pleurs ni grincements de dents, le pouvoir tombe, tout chaud tout rôti, dans son assiette ! (Voir : Succession d'Auguste) Mais les soldats, eux, ne l'entendaient pas de cette oreille ! Pour eux, la désignation de Tibère n'était qu'une farce ! On essayait de les lanterner ! Les Sénateurs de Rome avaient désigné un Princeps ? Soit ! grand bien leur fasse ! Mais eux, ils avaient le droit imprescriptible de choisir un Imperator ! Selon la logique du Principat, cette prétention pouvait paraître légitime : dans le système politique conçu par Auguste (voir ici), le chef politique de Rome, celui que, par facilité, nous nommons empereur , cumulait (au moins) deux fonctions : il était tout autant le chef du Sénat et du Peuple ( Princeps ) que le commandant en chef ( Imperator ) des armées romaines. Wcu Webcat? Pour les soldats, la question de leur bon droit constitutionnel ne se posait donc pas. Motivational Problems? Il s'agissait plutôt d'un problème de ressources humaines (comme on films dit - fort mal - de nos jours) : ils voulaient que Germanicus ceigne immédiatement le bandeau impérial plutôt que cette vieille ganache blanchie sous le harnais de Tibère.

De murmures en récriminations, la situation se dégrada très sérieusement. World Essay? Plusieurs légions entrèrent en rébellion ouverte. Smith? Les plus excités des soldats offrirent même la pourpre à Germanicus, lui proposant de le mener à Rome afin de l'introniser à la place de son vieux tonton, cet empereur gâteux désigné par des Sénateurs serviles. Germanicus refusa catégoriquement. Cela ne refroidit pas les enthousiasmes ! Comme les légionnaires, de plus en plus insistants, de plus en plus nerveux, devenaient menaçants, Germanicus songea à mettre sa petite famille à l'abri en l'éloignant du camp. Motivational Problems World? Les soldats comprirent alors qu'ils avaient été trop loin. On Poaching Tigers? Honteux de leur conduite, ils arrêtèrent la voiture qui emmenait Agrippine et ses enfants dans une ville voisine, et, mouillant leurs rudes cuirasses de larmes de repentir, demandèrent à leur commandant en chef qu'il leur épargnât une telle marque de défiance . C'est sans doute à l'occasion de cette réconciliation entre le général et ses légions que, pour flatter l'armée encore échauffée, le petit Caius fut présenté sur le front des troupes, revêtu d'un habit militaire miniature, avec des godillots réglementaires ( caligae ) à sa taille.

D'où son surnom : Caligula (= petits godillots) Après avoir aussi résolument repoussé les offres tentatrices de ses soldats que les assauts des Germains, qui avaient tablé sur une vacance du pouvoir à la mort d'Auguste pour éprouver la résistance de l'Empire, Germanicus fut rappelé à Rome où Tibère lui accorda les honneurs du triomphe (26 mai 17) - le dernier qui honora une autre personne que le souverain régnant. Ses lauriers n'eurent guère le temps de sécher ! À peine Germanicus se fut-il débarrassé des derniers confettis de la fête que l'empereur lui confia le commandement général de l'Orient romain. Motivational Problems Essay? Les Parthes, prenant prétexte d'une querelle dynastique venaient d'occuper l'Arménie, un protectorat romain. Germanicus se contenta d'une démonstration de la puissance romaine.

Déployant des forces considérables, mais avec la ferme intention de n'en user qu'en cas d'extrême nécessité, il réoccupa l'Arménie presque sans coup férir et y fit couronner un souverain ami de Rome (18 ap. Wcu Webcat? J.-C.). Ce succès facile en amena un autre : la démonstration des légions de Germanicus avait tant effrayé le roi des Parthes qu'il s'empressa d'envoyer des émissaires au jeune prince romain pour négocier la prolongation des traités d'amitié entre son royaume et Rome. Motivational Problems? En Orient, la paix romaine était assurée pour quinze ans. Pour se reposer de ses fatigues, Germanicus s'accorda un petit voyage d'agrément en Égypte. Today? Il y séjourna quelques mois en compagnie de son épouse Agrippine et de toute sa petite famille, Ensuite, tout ce petit mode revint à Antioche. Problems At Holiday World? C'est là que le père de Caligula tomba gravement malade et mourut (10 octobre 19).

Bien qu'il soit impossible de se prononcer avec certitude, il semble bien que la mort de Germanicus fut naturelle. Mission? Mais ce ne fut pas l'avis de sa veuve, la fameuse Agrippine (l'Ancienne) . Problems World Essay? Pour elle, pas de doute ! Feu son mari avait été empoisonné et c'était le gouverneur de Syrie PIson, aidé de son épouse Plautilla, qui avait versé le poison dans la coupe de son pauvre mari. Wcu Webcat? Toujours selon Agrippine, ce couple sans aveu avait accompli son forfait sur ordre de Livie, la mère de l'empereur, et, peut-être aussi, qui sait, sur celui de Tibère lui-même ! Évidemment, Agrippine n'avançait pas l'ombre du commencement d'une preuve. Problems At Holiday World Essay? Le corps de Germanicus avait été exposé nu sur le forum d'Antioche et nul n'avait décelé sur lui la moindre trace suspecte. Kevin? En outre, ni Livie ni Tibère n'avaient le moindre intérêt à la disparition de ce brillant jeune homme : l'empereur n'avait jamais eu la moindre divergence de vue avec ce neveu qu'il aimait autant - si pas plus - que son fils Drusus ! En revanche, cette hystérique d'Agrippine, elle, avait tout intérêt à faire de son époux un martyr : plus Tibère était discrédité, plus ses fils (le jeune Caligula était à ce moment le troisième dans l'ordre de succession) avaient de chance de monter un jour sur le trône ! Agrippine ramena à Rome les cendres de son époux Germanicus. At Holiday World Essay? À cette occasion, l'émotion populaire fut si vive que l'empereur Tibère fut contraint de promulguer un édit pour ramener le chagrin des Romains dans les limites de la décence. Monomyth Definition? Un grand nombre de Romains sont morts pour leur patrie, mais pas un n'a été aussi ardemment regretté.

Il faut cependant savoir se modérer. Motivational At Holiday Essay? Ce qui convient peut-être à une famille modeste, à un État quelconque, ne sied pas de même à des hommes de haute condition et à un peuple qui règne sur le monde. Definition? (#133;). Problems At Holiday World? Les princes sont mortels ; seule la République est éternelle. Essay In 19th? Revenez à vos pratiques ordinaires et faites à nouveau place à la joie ! (Tacite, Annales, III, 6 - Cité par E. Essay? Kornemann, Tibère , Payot, Paris). Ces sages paroles furent d'autant plus perdues qu'Agrippine s'entêtait à proclamer partout que son mari était l'innocente victime du tyran cruel et sanguinaire qui, au mépris de tout droit, avait succédé à Auguste. On Poaching Tigers? Ses calomnies à l'encontre de Tibère et de sa mère Livie redoublèrent et donnèrent bien vite un sens politique à la tristesse populaire. Problems? Bientôt, le peuple et le Sénat ne se contentèrent plus de pleurer la disparition de Germanicus, mais vouèrent sotto voce l'empereur Tibère aux gémonies.

Foutons ce Tibère de malheur dans le Tibre, ( Tiberius ad Tiberim ) et offrons le trône aux fils du grand Germanicus sur le trône ! commençait-on à murmurer. La mère de Caligula faisait pourtant un très mauvais calcul. Tibère, privé de Germanicus, son meilleur collaborateur, éprouvait de plus en plus de répugnance à gouverner seul. Monomyth Definition? Il cherchait désespérément quelqu'un avec qui partager l'écrasant fardeau de l'État. Motivational Problems At Holiday Essay? Croyant saper l'autorité du vieil empereur pour porter sa propre progéniture sur le trône, Agrippine jeta donc littéralement l'empereur dans les bras d'un homme à poigne, mais dévoré d'ambition et dénué de scrupules : le préfet du Prétoire Séjan . Le démoniaque préfet feignit un moment d'épouser la cause d'Agrippine. Wcu Webcat? Leurs intérêts ne convergeaient-ils pas ? Drusus, fils unique de Tibère, etait devenu, à la mort de Germanicus, l'héritier présomptif et trône et un rival potentiel pour les fils d'Agrippine. Problems? Or, justement, Séjan était entré en conflit avec ce Drusus qui, mieux que son impérial papa, avait percé à jour les noirs desseins de l'ambitieux préfet. Celui-ci ne perdit pas de temps. Mission? Chaudement recommandé par Agrippine, il séduisit la femme de Drusus, belle-s#156;ur de ladite Agrippine (le monde est petit !) et la poussa à empoisonner son époux.

Le fils unique de Tibère mourut en 23 ap. World Essay? J.-C. De ce côté, le chemin du trône se dégageait pour les fils de Germanicus#133; Mais aussi pour Séjan ! C'est qu'il avait revu ses ambitions à la hausse, le Préfet ! Maintenant, il jouait cavalier seul et songeait à s'asseoir lui-même sur le trône impérial. Il commença par persuader Tibère de goûter sans crainte aux charmes d'un repos bien mérité dans une retraite paradisiaque tandis que lui-même liquiderait les affaires courantes. Today? En 27 ap. Motivational At Holiday World Essay? J.-C., Tibère se retirait quasi définitivement dans l'île de Capri. Ensuite, il fallait que Séjan se débarrasse des héritiers légitimes de l'empereur. Essay And Killing Tigers? Cela signifiait qu'il devait discréditer d'abord, puis éliminer toute la famille de Germanicus, sa veuve Agrippine et surtout ses trois fils Nero Cæsar, Drusus III et notre Caius-Caligula. L'empereur étant loin de Rome, Séjan n'eut aucun mal à lui faire accroire que sa vie était très sérieusement menacée par d'innombrables complots qui, tous, émanaient de la veuve de Germanicus et de ses rejetons. At Holiday World Essay? C'était prêcher à un converti ! Depuis une bonne dizaine d'année, Tibère exécrait cette hystérique d'Agrippine, elle qui, plus que tout autre, avait sapé sa popularité. Ce n'est pourtant qu'au bout de trois années d'insistance que l'infâme Préfet du Prétoire obtint de Tibère la condamnation de la veuve de Germanicus et de ses fils aînés.

Tous furent déclarés ennemis publics et traités comme tels. Wcu Webcat? Agrippine l'Ancienne fut exilée à Pandateria et y mourut en 33. Motivational Problems? Son fils Nero Cæsar, d'abord exilé au même endroit que sa mère, fut transféré ensuite à Pontia et s'y suicida en 31. Kevin Smith Films? Quant à son cadet Drusus III, il fut emprisonné à Rome et mourut vers 33 seulement, dans des circonstances restées obscures. De l'illustre famille de Germanicus, celle qu'Auguste avait choisie pour hériter de son trône, il ne restait que le jeune Caius - Caligula et deux filles (Agrippine la Jeune, mère de Néron, et Drusilla). Si Caligula avait échappé à la répression, c'est sans doute parce que, depuis un certain temps déjà, il vivait éloigné de sa mère. Problems Essay? En effet, Tibère, soucieux de conserver un héritier de son sang, avait soustrait son plus jeune petit-neveu à l'influence néfaste d'Agrippine et l'avait confié à sa propre mère, la vieille Augusta Livie. À la mort de Livie (27 ap. Tree Mission Statement? J.-C.) Caligula alla habiter chez sa grand-mère Antonia (fille du Triumvir Antoine et mère de Germanicus).

On peut supposer que ce jeune homme qui, plus tard, prétendrait transformer le principat en monarchie de droit divin, fut vivement impressionné par l'atmosphère orientalisante de cette maison, avec son armée de serviteurs égyptiens obséquieux et adulateurs. Après l'exil et/ou la mort de tous les autres membres de sa famille, Caligula fut sommé de rejoindre Tibère à Capri. Problems At Holiday Essay? Il devait y rester jusqu'à la mort du vieil empereur. Ce séjour insulaire en résidence surveillée lui sauva probablement la vie car, se trouvant sous la protection de son impérial grand-oncle, il échappa à la succession de purges politico-judiciaires dignes de l'ère stalinienne qui ensanglantèrent Rome à cette époque. Tibère, qui avait enfin compris la perfidie de son ami Séjan, mobilisa ses dernières ressources morales et physiques pour abattre le démoniaque préfet (31 ap. Wcu Webcat? J.-C.). Motivational World Essay? Ce combat inexpiable contre celui que le vieux souverain considérait comme son alter ego sonna le glas de ses dernières illusions sur la nature humaine. Definition? Désespéré, l'empereur abandonna les hommes à leur perversité et le pouvoir à l'infâme Macron . Motivational Problems At Holiday World Essay? Celui-ci, promu préfet du prétoire en remplacement de ce Séjan qu'il avait contribué à abattre, put sans encombre établir une tyrannie digne de son prédécesseur, aussi sanglante et aussi arbitraire. On Anti-Chinese Society? Rome mourrait de peur et de délation.

Les procès pour lèse-majesté se multipliaient. Problems World Essay? Ceux qui ne périssaient pas craignaient pour leur vie ! L'aristocratie sénatoriale romaine était décimée ou s'inclinait devant le nouveau tout-puissant Préfet du Prétoire. Il est donc fort peu probable que le jeune Caligula, dont toute la famille avait été condamnée pour crime de haute trahison, eût pu sortir indemne de ce nid de frelons qu'était la Rome de Macron. Essay American Society? Dans un tel contexte de suspicion généralisée et de dénonciation universelle, mieux valait pour lui languir d'ennui sous l'aile protectrice (et sans doute fort suspicieuse) de son grand-oncle Tibère que de s'exposer à l'atmosphère miasmatique de la capitale. Cela dit, si l'on accorde foi aux assertions de Suétone quant au règne scandaleux de Caligula, on Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay peut aussi se poser la question de savoir si la survie de ce prince à toutes ces épreuves fut réellement un bienfait pour l'humanité#133;

Puisque l'on nage en pleine histoire-fiction, une autre question, bien plus intéressante, mérite d'être posée : Le vieux Tibère avait-il décelé les défauts, voire la folie de son petit-neveu ? Et si oui, pourquoi ne remit-il jamais en cause les droits de Caius-Caligula à sa succession (à égalité avec ceux de Tiberius Gemellus, son petit-fils) ? Trois éventualités peuvent se présenter : Tibère était parfaitement conscient de toutes les tares de son successeur, mais, souverain cruel et misanthrope à l'extrême, il lui aurait quand même confié les rênes du gouvernement, en parfaite connaissance de cause : Ah ! ces satanés Romains m'en ont fait voir des vertes et des pas mûres ! Et bien, je leur réserve un chien de cette chienne d'Agrippine ! Après moi, le déluge !. C'est, naturellement, ce que Suétone laisse entendre - sans avoir l'air d'y toucher - quand il écrit ( Vie de Caligula , XI) : Ce vieillard très perspicace (Tibère) l'avait si parfaitement percé à jour que bien souvent il prédisait que Caius vivait pour sa perte et que lui-même nourrissait en son sein un serpent qui dévorerait le peuple romain ! . Mission Statement? Dame ! Suétone n'allait pas rater une si belle occasion de noircir d'un seul coup la réputation de deux Julio-claudiens à la fois ! Tibère trompé sur la marchandise . Tibère n'était pas précisément ce que l'on appelle un fin connaisseur de l'âme humaine. Motivational Problems World Essay? Pendant son règne, il accorda toute sa confiance à (au moins) deux individus qui ne la méritaient absolument pas : ce Pison qui, sans avoir empoisonné Germanicus, adopta néanmoins à son égard une attitude proche de la haute trahison, et, naturellement, l'infâme préfet Séjan. En ce qui concerne Caligula, le vieil empereur, sans doute un peu gaga, se serait, à nouveau, lourdement trompé sur le caractère d'un de ses proches. Essay On Poaching Tigers? Certes, se serait-il dit, Caius assiste avec une joie non dissimulée aux plus cruels supplices ! Certes il fréquente les bordels, séduit les dignes matrones et aime les danses et les chants lascifs ! Mais n'est-ce pas là le lot de toute cette jeunesse dorée romaine ? Et puis, le temps adoucira ses m#156;urs ! Ça lui passera avant que ça ne me reprenne ! (Voir Suétone, Vie de Caligula , XI ). En outre, toujours aux dires de Suétone, ce bougre de Caligula aurait été doué pour la dissimulation, ce qui, naturellement, n'était pas de nature à favoriser la perspicacité du vieux Tibère ! Jamais, par exemple, il ne manifesta la moindre plainte quant au sort des autres membres de sa famille : Il témoignait d'une telle patience, aussi bien à l'égard de Tibère que de son entourage, que l'on peut dire de lui, non sans bonnes raisons, que jamais il n'y eût meilleur esclave ni plus mauvais maître (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , X ) Caligula, sain d'esprit à Capri. C'est sans doute l'hypothèse la plus vraisemblable : avant de monter sur le trône, le jeune Caius ne montra aucun signe de démence.

C'est d'ailleurs - aussi - ce que semble dire Suétone, quand, après avoir relaté les premiers mois du règne de Caligula, une période, ma foi, assez heureuse pour Rome, il annonce emphatiquement : Jusqu'ici, nous racontions l'histoire d'un prince. Motivational World Essay? Le reste, ce sera celle d'un monstre . Tree Mission? (Caligula, Vie de Caligula , XXII) Quant à cette dissimulation que le même Suétone lui reproche si véhémentement, elle ne fut, naturellement, que la plus élémentaire des règles de survie d'un jeune garçon isolé dans un milieu hostile à l'extrême. Dans les derniers mois du règne de Tibère, Caius Caligula, quoique le plus souvent retiré à Capri au chevet de son grand-oncle, parvint néanmoins à sortir de son isolement pour préparer son avenir en nouant quelques relations fort précieuses. Le prince iduméen Hérode Agrippa , petit-fils d'Hérode le Grand, était venu à Rome pour dénoncer son oncle Hérode le Tétrarque (celui qui fit décapiter Jean-Baptiste) devant le tribunal impérial. Motivational World? N'obtenant pas satisfaction auprès du vieux Tibère, il fit sa cour à son héritier Caligula et devint son ami.

Un soir, lors d'un banquet bien arrosé, il formula à haute voix un souhait : Je prie chaque jour, dit-il en substance, pour que l'éclatant soleil de Caligula éclaire enfin le monde et que l'on porte à six pieds sous terre le vieux débris qui n'en finit pas de pourrir à Capri !. On le devine, ces propos imagés ne furent pas du goût dudit vieux débris : Hérode Agrippa s'en alla épouser les geôles impériales. Wcu Webcat? Régime strict, eau d'amertume et pain de tribulations ! Il demeura six mois en prison. Problems At Holiday? Le temps que son v#156;u se réalise, que Tibère meure et que son vieux pote Caligula, devenu empereur, le tire de son cul-de-basse-fosse. Problems Today? Nous verrons plus loin que la reconnaissance du nouveau César envers celui qui avait prophétisé son avènement ne se limita pas à cet élargissement (voir : Caligula et les Juifs) Avec une intelligence confondante pour un jeune homme qui n'avait, jusque-là, occupé aucune fonction politique (on y avait veillé !), Caligula parvint aussi, dans les derniers mois du règne de Tibère, à entrer dans les bonnes grâces du deuxième personnage de l'État, le tout-puissant Préfet du Prétoire Macron. Cela dit, je ne sais trop s'il faut accorder foi au récit de Suétone qui prétend que, pour s'assurer des faveurs du Préfet, Caius séduisit sa femme, lui promettant même de l'épouser s'il parvenait au trône ! Personnellement, j'ai beaucoup de peine à imaginer Macron, personnage réputé féroce - plus encore que le démoniaque Séjan ! - dans ce rôle de cocu magnifique et complaisant. Problems At Holiday World Essay? À mon avis, planter des cornes au frontal brutal de ce forcené ne constituait probablement pas le meilleur moyen de s'attirer ses bonnes grâces ! Quoi qu'il en soit, et quelles que fussent les méthodes employées, quand Tibère expira enfin (16 mars 37), Caligula accéda au pouvoir suprême sans que les cohortes prétoriennes de Macron ne mouftent. Signalons également que le récit des historiens latins (Suétone et Tacite) d'un prétendu assassinat de Tibère est peu crédible. Kevin Smith? À les en croire, Caius et Macron, réunis au chevet d'un empereur qui ne décidait pas à mourir, auraient vainement tenté d'ôter l'anneau impérial de l'auguste doigt.

Constatant alors que le moribond Tibère respirait encore et résistait, les deux acolytes l'auraient étranglé après l'avoir étouffé sous un coussin. Tout cela semble peu vraisemblable. Problems At Holiday World? Pourquoi, alors qu'ils avaient d'ors et déjà définitivement gagné la partie, Macron et Caligula auraient-ils tout compromis par un geste inconsidéré ? Pourquoi auraient-ils risqué de tout perdre, vie et bandeau impérial, alors que les jeux étaient faits, l'affaire dans le sac, le match plié ? En l'absence de toute source historique fiable, il est assez difficile de comprendre ce que fut réellement le Principat de Caius. Certes, les historiens antiques (Suétone en particulier) relatent, parfois même par le menu, nombre d'actes du jeune empereur#133; Mais comme le Caligula qu'ils nous décrivent est réputé fou, toutes ses initiatives nous paraissent automatiquement marquées du sceau de la démence ! D'autant plus que les écrivains antiques ne mentionnent jamais les motivations du quatrième césar. Une seule chose paraît certaine chez Caligula, c'est sa volonté de rompre définitivement avec le passé, de jeter aux oubliettes le triste règne de Tibère et d'établir le Principat sur de nouvelles bases.

Or, le Principat, ce régime politique qu'Auguste avait substitué à la République sénatoriale, n'était rien d'autre que la réunion de pouvoirs de natures variées entre les mains d'un seul homme : pouvoirs militaires, populaires, sénatoriaux et sacerdotaux. Wcu Webcat? En fonction des préférences politiques et de la personnalité de l'individu qui l'exerçait, ce véritable fourre-tout institutionnel pouvait donc accoucher d'une monarchie parlementaire ou de droit divin, d'une dictature militaire ou prolétarienne. Auguste, grâce à son sens politique et son affabilité, avait pu concilier harmonieusement les divers éléments de ce pouvoir composite. Motivational World? Son successeur Tibère, lui, n'y était pas parvenu et avait tenté de gouverner l'Empire avec l'aide du Sénat de Rome. Wcu Webcat? Cela avait été un échec : les Sénateurs étaient bien trop serviles, et le Prince bien trop hautain ! Tombée sous la coupe de ministres tels que Séjan et Macron, minée par la délation, la monarchie constitutionnelle oligarchique dont rêvait le successeur d'Auguste s'était bien vite transformée en une dictature militaire arbitraire et sanglante. Caligula, lui, tira la leçon de l'échec de Tibère. Puisque, malgré sa toute bonne volonté et sa modestie, son grand-oncle et prédécesseur n'avait pu se faire aimer ni se faire obéir, il prendrait, lui, le contre-pied de sa politique ! Tibère, arguant de son statut de simple mortel, avait repoussé dédaigneusement toute velléité de déification ; son petit-neveu Caius, lui, serait l'objet d'un culte divin ! Descendant du dieu Jules et du dieu Auguste, n'était-il pas, lui aussi, dieu vivant ? Le seul dieu vivant ? C'est bien cette prétention à la royauté divine qui constitue l'une des caractéristiques majeures du règne de Caligula. Motivational At Holiday World? D'ailleurs, quand Suétone relate les folies du jeune césar, ne commence-t-il par celle-là qui est, selon lui, à l'origine de toutes les autres : Après un souper qu'il avait donné à des rois venus à Rome pour lui rendre leurs devoirs, il les entendit se disputer entre eux sur la noblesse de leur origine, et s'écria : N'ayons qu'un roi, qu'un chef auquel tout soit soumis.

Et il s'en fallut de peu qu'il ne prît aussitôt le diadème et ne convertit l'appareil du pouvoir souverain en insignes de la royauté. Wcu Webcat? Mais, comme on at Holiday World l'avertit qu'il avait surpassé la grandeur des princes et des rois, il commença à s'attribuer la majesté divine . Barclays? (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , XXII). C'est sans doute aussi à cette volonté de transformer le Principat augustéen en une monarchie absolue et divine qu'il faut relier ces amours incestueuses de Caligula avec sa s#156;ur Drusilla , que rapporte avec tant de jubilation ce bon Suétone. Peut-être Caligula voulut-il imiter les mariages consanguins des pharaons égyptiens. Motivational At Holiday World? C'est possible#133; Ou bien alors, plus simplement, c'est l'historien latin Suétone qui, une fois de plus, en remet une couche . Barclays Today? Lui et sa plume malveillante transforment la déification posthume de Drusilla en amours incestueuses, alors qu'il ne s'agissait peut-être que de l'expression - excessive - du chagrin - légitime - de l'empereur. At Holiday? Peut-être aussi, en rendant le plus éclatant des hommages à sa petite s#156;ur tendrement aimée et trop tôt disparue, Caligula voulait-il glorifier la famille de Germanicus, cette dynastie impériale que les dernières années du règne de Tibère avaient tant éprouvée et que les manigances de sa mère Agrippine avaient tant desservie. Durant les huit premiers mois de son règne, Caligula gouverna sagement. Monomyth Definition? Quittant Capri où le vieux Tibère venait de rendre l'âme (16 mars 37), il se rendit d'abord dans les îles de Pandateria et de Pontia où il recueillit les cendres de sa mère et de son frère. Motivational At Holiday World? Ensuite, il gagna Rome où il prononça l'éloge funèbre de l'empereur défunt, promit de gouverner avec le Sénat, brûla publiquement toutes les lettres de délateurs, et ordonna de grandes fêtes, histoire de ragaillardir le peuple et d'asseoir sa popularité. Essay On Poaching Tigers? Après la terreur des dernières années de Tibère, l'Empire respirait à nouveau#133; Ça ne dura pas ! Caligula tomba gravement malade en automne 37 et l'année suivante, il était complètement siphonné.

Toute la suite de son irracontable règne ne fut que déraison, débauche, perversion, fureur, crimes et orgies sanglantes. Ce n'est qu'au bout de quatre ans de folie furieuse qu'un quarteron de militaires, lassés des extravagances de ce barjot hystérique et malfaisant, l'assassinèrent, lui et sa petite famille. Cela, c'est la version officielle du règne de Caligula, celle que nous livre son biographe Suétone. World Essay? Mais, le moins que l'on puisse dire, c'est que de nombreuses zones d'ombre subsistent !Nous ne disposons d'aucun renseignement sur les causes de la folie de l'empereur. Barclays Problems? Fut-elle provoquée par la mystérieuse maladie de l'automne 37, ou résultait-elle d'une tare génétique ? Mystère et boules de gomme#133; On parla aussi d'empoisonnement. L'historien Suétone évoque ( Vie de Caligula, L) un philtre que lui donna Cæsonia (son épouse) et qui n'eut d'autre effet que de le rendre furieux . Problems At Holiday? sans que l'on ne puisse exactement déterminer si ce philtre était un remède ou un poison ni si le geste malheureux de Cæsonia ressortissait d'une erreur médicale ou d'une tentative de meurtre. Certains auteurs modernes, comme Robert Ambelain, ont pourtant tranché - non sans une louable prudence, il est vrai - en faveur de la thèse de l'empoisonnement : À cette époque à Rome, règne une célèbre empoisonneuse, Locuste.

Elle sera mise à mort à Rome en 68, sous le règne de Galba. Essay Sentiment In 19th Society? Elle avouera, sous la torture, avoir fourni le poison qui fit périr Britannicus. Motivational Problems At Holiday World? Comme on dollar tree ne lui demanda pas de détails sur ses relations avec Cæsonia, il n'y a donc qu'une présomption pour qu'elle ait également fourni celui qui rendit fou Caligula. Motivational Problems At Holiday World Essay? Observons toutefois que les solanées entraient pour une part importante dans la composition des philtres de mort, car elles entraînaient des troubles préalables qui pouvaient faire croire à une maladie cérébrale. Smith? Mais si le philtre était insuffisant, si le sujet, traité à temps, pouvait échapper à la mort, il y avait malgré tout des séquelles graves, et des troubles cérébraux en résultaient immanquablement. Essay? Il en était de même en cas d'ingestion de poisons à base mercurielle, lésant lentement, mais irrémédiablement le cerveau. Barclays Today? (R. At Holiday World? Ambelain, la Vie secrète de saint Paul , chap. Wcu Webcat? 21).

Alors je sais bien que cette Cæsonia n'a généralement pas fort bonne presse, elle qui, depuis la parution des écrits de Suétone, traîne une fâcheuse réputation de vieille peau lubrique. Problems? Mais ce n'est quand même pas une raison pour l'accuser sans preuve d'un attentat où elle n'avait rien à gagner ! L'attachement de Cæsonia à son époux était d'ailleurs si bien de de notoriété publique qu'après l'assassinat de Caligula, ses meurtriers ne prirent pas le risque d'encourir la vengeance de sa (toute fraîche) veuve : ils la trucidèrent quelques instants seulement après que son impérial époux eut rendu l'âme. À mon avis - mais il n'existe pas de preuve - si poison il y eût, il faut plutôt chercher du côté de la s#156;ur de Caligula, l'ambitieuse Agrippine, mère du futur empereur Néron. And Killing Tigers? Elle n'était certes pas femme à reculer devant un fratricide, cette mégère qui, à ce que l'on prétend, empoisonna son mari, l'empereur Claude, et viola son propre fils pour garder prise sur lui. Problems At Holiday World? En outre, en octobre 39, deux ans après la fameuse maladie de Caligula, Agrippine fut impliquée dans une dangereuse conspiration contre son frère l'empereur et condamnée à l'exil.

Cela dit, et même s'il n'entre naturellement pas dans mes intentions de réhabiliter la mémoire de Caligula, je ne suis pas sûr du tout que Caligula fut aussi fou que Suétone le prétend. Kevin Smith? Cet écrivain à la solde du parti sénatorial est trop violemment et systématiquement hostile au quatrième césar pour que nous puissions prendre toutes ses assertions pour argent comptant ! Cependant, déséquilibré, Caligula le fut donc sans doute. At Holiday? C'est d'ailleurs le contraire qui eût été étonnant ! Comment Caligula, jeune homme qui manquait si cruellement d'expérience politique n'aurait-il pas été grisé par les fastes du pouvoir, par l'omnipotence qui lui était subitement conférée ? En outre, comment n'aurait-il pas été éprouvé psychologiquement, ce Caius qui, depuis sa plus tendre enfance, avait vécu dans la peur et la suspicion ; lui qui, dans son plus jeune âge, avait vu mourir son père et avait été arraché à l'affection de sa mère, puis qui avait été contraint d'assister, sans mot dire, à l'élimination de la quasi-totalité de sa famille ? Mais était-il fou pour autant ? Le portrait physique que Suétone dresse de Caligula est terriblement accusateur : Caius avait la taille haute, le teint très pâle, le corps mal fait, le cou et les jambes extrêmement grêles, les yeux enfoncés, les tempes creuses, le front large et menaçant, les cheveux rares, le sommet de la tête dégarni, le reste du corps velu. Kevin Smith? Aussi était-ce un crime capital de regarder d'en haut quand il passait, ou de prononcer le mot chèvre pour quelque raison que ce fût. Motivational Problems At Holiday World? Son visage était naturellement affreux et repoussant, et il le rendait plus horrible encore en s'étudiant devant son miroir à imprimer à sa physionomie tout ce qui pouvait inspirer la terreur et l'effroi. Wcu Webcat? Il n'était sain ni de corps ni d'esprit. Motivational Problems? Épileptique dès son enfance, dans l'âge adulte il était quelquefois sujet à des défaillances subites au milieu de ses travaux ; et alors il ne pouvait ni marcher, ni se tenir debout, ni revenir à lui, ni se soutenir. Barclays? (#133;) Il était surtout en proie à l'insomnie ; car il ne dormait pas plus de trois heures par nuit ; encore ne jouissait-il pas d'un repos complet. Motivational At Holiday? Son sommeil était troublé par de bizarres fantômes. Monomyth Definition? Une fois entre autres, il rêva qu'il avait un entretien avec la mer. Essay? Aussi, la plus grande partie de la nuit, las de veiller ou d'être couché, tantôt il restait assis sur son lit, tantôt il parcourait de longs portiques, attendant et invoquant plusieurs fois le jour. Monomyth? (Suétone, Vie de Caligula , L). Que voilà un portrait qui concorde parfaitement avec l'idée qu'on se fait couramment d'un dément#133;Un joli cocktail de tares génétiques, physiques et psychiques ! Même si l'on admet que le portrait de Suétone, évidemment poussé au noir, recèle quelques traits véridiques, il y a encore quelque chose qui cloche. At Holiday World? Si l'on parcourt une chronologie objective, épurée de tout sensationnel, du Principat de Caligula (voir par exemple celle du site Tiberius13), on definition constatera que l'activité de l'empereur Caius n'apparaît pas foncièrement désordonnée, même en tenant compte de l'inexpérience de ce jeune souverain ainsi que de la brièveté de son règne qui l'empêcha probablement de mener à leur terme la plupart de ses projets.

Comme bien d'autres dirigeants de Rome, il gouverna les provinces d'une main de fer, il se débarrassa d'un rival encombrant (Ti. Motivational Problems At Holiday? Gemellus, le petit-fils de Tibère que celui-ci lui avait donné comme collègue), il réprima des complots (celui de Lepidus et Gaetulicus, dans lequel sa s#156;ur Agrippine était aussi impliquée) et entreprit des expéditions militaires. Tree Statement? Rien de fondamentalement inhabituel ! En revanche, les détails fantaisistes que fournit à l'envi la biographie de Suétone fourmillent d'invraisemblances. Un exemple parmi d'autres : En septembre 39, Caligula entreprend une expédition militaire en Germanie et en Bretagne. Malgré les effectifs considérables qui avaient été engagés, cette campagne n'aboutit à aucun succès probant.

Bon, d'accord ! Mais les campagnes militaires du divin Auguste dans cette région n'avaient pas toutes été couronnées de succès non plus. Problems At Holiday World? En fait, on monomyth definition pense plutôt aujourd'hui que si l'empereur Caius avait réuni tant de troupes au Nord de l'Empire, ce fut moins pour donner une leçon aux Barbares que pour réprimer cette très dangereuse conspiration de Lepidus et de Gaetulicus que je viens d'évoquer. Or, sur le canevas - authentique - de cette expédition militaire aux objectifs stratégico-politiques obscurs, Suétone ( Vie de Caligula , XLIV) brode une foule de détails des plus incongrus. Motivational Problems At Holiday World? Selon lui, Caligula, aurait cassé ignominieusement des officiers qui n'étaient pas parvenus à suivre ses mouvements de troupes désordonnés. Wcu Webcat? Pour d'autres motifs futiles, il aurait dégradé de vieux centurions primipiles alors que ceux-ci n'étaient plus qu'à quelques jours de la quille. World Essay? L'empereur Caius aurait même ordonné aux soldats de ramasser les coquillages sur la plage pour les exhiber lors de son triomphe comme dépouilles de l'océan ! Vous les imaginez, vous, ces redoutables légionnaires romains, en train aller à la pêche aux moules, moules sur la plage ? Avec des barboteuses, des petites pelles et des petits seaux en plastique rouge, sans doute ? Vous pouvez m'en croire : ces féroces soldats de l'armée de Germanie, qui, quelques années plus tôt, avaient voulu renverser l'empereur Tibère rien que parce sa tête ne leur revenait pas, n'auraient pas supporté le dixième de ces avanies ! Un empereur qui aurait fait preuve d'injustice envers les vétérans ou qui leur aurait ordonné les jeux de plages décrits par Suétone n'aurait pas survécu trente secondes à ces ordres insanes ! Faut-il réellement parler de l'épisode du cheval Incitatus ? Voici ce que rapporte Suétone ( Vie de Caligula , LV) : La veille des jeux du cirque, il ordonnait à des soldats d'imposer silence à tout le voisinage pour que rien ne troublât le repos de son cheval Incitatus. Smith Films? Il lui fit faire une écurie de marbre, une crèche d'ivoire, des housses de pourpre et des licous garnis de pierres précieuses. Motivational Problems World? Il lui donna un palais, des esclaves et un mobilier, afin que les personnes invitées en son nom fussent reçues plus magnifiquement. Barclays Problems Today? On dit même qu'il voulait le faire consul #133; Pourquoi pas ? Tout se laisse écrire !#133;

Alors je sais bien que Jean-Charles Pichon, dans son provocateur (mais souvent très ingénieux) Saint Néron , considère cette promotion inouïe de la race chevaline comme une démarche d'ordre mystique. World? Caligula aurait abusivement interprété le symbolisme du changement d'ère astrologique, les signes qui devaient manifester le passage de l'ère du Bélier à celle du Poisson. Essay And Killing Tigers? Par ses folies (ou prétendues telles), Caligula aurait donc poursuivi un objectif précis. At Holiday? Il voulait annoncer l'avènement d'un nouveau dieu, d'un Dieu poisson, à la fois Dieu d'eau, Dieu du Bien et Dieu messager. On Poaching And Killing Tigers? Mais Caligula - quinze ans avant l'avènement de Néron - a pris au pied de la lettre les leçons des astrologues. Motivational At Holiday? Du plus vieux symbole sagittaire, le Cheval, il a fait son meilleur ami, Incitatus, celui qui incite, qui envoie. Essay On Poaching And Killing Tigers? Aux Dioscures, la tête tranchée, il a prêté sa propre tête. At Holiday World Essay? Amant d'Isis, il attendait de la Vierge qu'elle lui donne l'enfant-dieu. Century? Maître de la mer, enfin, il a multiplié les ports, les digues, les phares.

Il a même suspendu, dans l'île de Bretagne, l'ardeur de ses légions pour contraindre les soldats à lui cueillir de fabuleux trophées marins : les coquillages nacrés où s'anime l'arc-en-ciel . Problems At Holiday World? (Jean-Charles Pichon, Saint Néron , e/dite histoire). Moi, je crois quand même qu'il est plus simple de considérer l'épisode du consulat putatif d'Incitatus comme une invention de plus du bon Suétone#133; Un Suétone qui, par ailleurs, ne semble pas plus sûr que cela de ce qu'il avance. On dit qu'il voulait le faire consul, écrit-il. Caligula ne fut probablement ni un mystique abusé ni un fou sanguinaire. Essay And Killing? Ce fut plutôt un jeune homme qui manquait d'expérience politique et que le pouvoir absolu grisa, un garçon que les aléas de sa jeunesse avaient fragilisé psychologiquement mais pas au point d'être incapable de régner. Motivational? Tout le reste, ses caprices, ses débauches, ses orgies, ses crimes, bref toutes les folies qu'on lui attribue, ne sont vraisemblablement que des exagérations ou des inventions d'historiens partiaux et hostiles. Pour complaire aux bons empereurs de la dynastie antonine, qui avaient si heureusement succédé aux Julio-claudiens et aux Flaviens, et qui rémunéraient si grassement les plumes mercenaires, il fallait inventer un genre littéraire nouveau, le portrait irrévérencieux d'un mauvais empereur du temps jadis avec anecdotes salaces. Suétone s'en chargea admirablement et sa biographie de Caligula fut exemplaire à cet égard ! À peine monté sur le trône, Caligula s'empressa de récompenser Hérode Agrippa , ce prince iduméen qui avait, d'une certaine façon, prophétisé son avènement. Wcu Webcat? Il le tira du cachot où Tibère l'avait fait jeter, puis lui octroya une flopée de provinces situées au Nord-Est du Jourdain (tétrarchies de Philippe et de Lysanias, c'est-à-dire Gaulanitide, Batanée, Trachonitide et Auranitide). Problems World Essay? Plus tard (39 ap.

J.-C.), Hérode Agrippa recevra aussi de son ami l'empereur Caius la tétrarchie de Galilée, confisquée à son beau-frère Hérode Antipas. Monomyth Definition? Et ce n'est pas tout, après la mort de Caligula (41 ap. Motivational Problems? J.-C.), l'empereur Claude lui octroya le titre royal et agrandit encore ses domaines en y adjoignant la province romaine de Judée, ce qui revenait presque à reconstituer à son profit le vaste royaume juif d'Hérode le Grand. Mais n'anticipons pas ! Lors de sa sortie de prison, Hérode Agrippa, avec sa réputation douteuse de courtisan ambitieux, n'était pas encore doté d'un prestige susceptible d'émouvoir les foules ! C'est pourquoi, quand le prince juif fit une courte escale à Alexandrie d'Égypte en rejoignant ses nouveaux domaines, les Grecs de la ville, antisémites de longue date, le brocardèrent impitoyablement. Statement? C'est vraiment trop drôle ! s'exclamaient-ils.

Quel beau roi en vérité que cet homme coupé qu'un incompréhensible caprice du Prince a fait passer, en un seul jour, des chaînes de fer (du cachot) à la chaîne d'or (de la royauté) . Pour les Juifs alexandrins, ces plaisanteries racistes furent comme la goutte de vinaigre qui fait déborder un calice d'amertume. At Holiday Essay? Ils représentaient un bon quart de la population de la ville, ils y étaient installés depuis de nombreuses générations, et pourtant, ils ne bénéficiaient toujours pas des mêmes droits municipaux que les Grecs. Dollar Tree Statement? Ajoutez à cela que le Préfet romain Flaccus était un homme autoritaire et borné, aussi rétif aux arguments théologiques des rabbins qu'aux injonctions impériales de respecter la différence religieuse du peuple juif. Problems World? Le bougre s'était même fendu d'un discours antisémite pour contester à ses administrés hébraïques leur droit légitime au repos du shabbat : Si une invasion soudaine de l'ennemi, un débordement du Nil, un incendie, la foudre, la faim, la peste, un tremblement de terre ou tout autre malheur se produisait le samedi, resteriez-vous encore tranquillement chez vous ? Ou selon votre habitude vous promèneriez-vous dans les rues les mains cachées dans vos habits pour ne pas être tentés d'aider ceux qui feront le sauvetage ? Ou resteriez-vous dans vos synagogues en réunion solennelle à lire vos livres sacrés, à expliquer les passages obscurs et faire des sermons prolixes sur votre philosophie ? Non, mais sans perdre un moment vous chercheriez à mettre à l'abri vos parents, vos enfants, la fortune et ce qui vous est cher. Monomyth? Or, voilà, moi, je suis tout cela à la fois : tempête, guerre, inondation, foudre, famine, tremblement et fatalité, et cela non en abstrait mais en force présente et agissante (Philon d'Alexandrie, cité par Léon Poliakov, Histoire de l'Antisémitisme , vol I). D'injures en invectives, le ton monta entre les deux populations rivales d'Alexandrie. Motivational Problems? Bientôt ce fut l'émeute, le pogrom puis une guerre civile interethnique. L'éviction du préfet Flaccus (en 38) calma un peu les esprits. Wcu Webcat? Les Juifs profitèrent de ce court répit pour envoyer à Rome une délégation conduite par Philon, un docteur de la Loi réputé, afin de dénoncer à l'empereur les exactions des Grecs.

Ceux-ci ne demeurèrent pas en reste. Motivational Problems At Holiday World? Ils expédièrent eux aussi une ambassade à Caligula pour se justifier. Kevin Films? Il est vrai qu'ils s'étaient mis dans de sales draps : en insultant Hérode Agrippa, ami de l'empereur, n'insultaient-ils pas l'empereur lui-même ? Caligula reçut les deux délégations rivales, mais fut assassiné avant d'avoir pris position sur le problème. Motivational Problems At Holiday World Essay? Il reviendra à son successeur Claude de trancher, ce qu'il fera plutôt en faveur de la communauté juive d'Alexandrie (voir ici). Kevin? On peut cependant penser que l'arbitrage de Caligula eut été sensiblement différent.

En effet, à la fin de son court règne, le jeune empereur avait eu certaines raisons de douter de la bonne volonté des Juifs - et son pote Hérode Agrippa - à son égard. Il faut dire aussi qu'il avait poussé le bouchon un peu loin, le César Caius ! Avec le plus grand sérieux du monde, il avait ordonné qu'on plaçât une statue à son effigie dans la Saint des Saints du Temple de Jérusalem ! Dix ans plus tôt, le préfet Ponce Pilate avait déclenché une émeute religieuse sanglante rien qu'en introduisant dans la Viille Sainte les emblèmes des légions ornées d'un petit médaillon représentant l'empereur ! Alors, avec une statue blasphématoire dans le lieu le plus sacré du saint sanctuaire, ce n'est plus quelques extrémistes barbus et frisottés que l'armée devrait mâter mais tout un peuple révolté, comme au bon vieux temps des Macchabées ! Excédé par le niet catégorique du peuple juif, Caligula ordonna à Petronius, le préfet de Syrie, de marcher sur la Judée à la tête de ses légions, de briser toute résistance, fût-ce au prix du massacre de toute la population et d'installer enfin sa statue dans le Temple. Problems Essay? Petronius, homme intelligent, comprit tout l'intérêt de temporisation : il fit semblant de partir en guerre contre les Juifs, puis, arrivé en Galilée avec son armée, feignit d'être sensible aux arguments des Juifs. On Anti-Chinese Sentiment? Il revint alors à Antioche et écrivit à l'empereur pour lui faire part des objections des Juifs. Motivational Problems? Avec les aléas de la navigation entre la Syrie et Rome, c'était toujours quelques semaines - voire quelques mois - de paix gagnées#133; Hérode Agrippa tenta lui aussi de détourner Caligula de son dangereux projet. Monomyth Definition? Comme l'empereur voulait lui faire un cadeau, il répondit (grosso modo) : Tu m'as déjà tant donné, ô César, que je craindrais d'abuser de tes bontés. Motivational Problems? Je ne te demande donc aucun bien matériel, mais simplement une faveur qui te vaudrait, à toi, la gloire d'être pieux, et à moi m'attirerait la reconnaissance éternelle de mon peuple. Dollar Mission Statement? Je te demande donc rien, d'autre que de ne plus songer à faire ériger ta statue dans le Temple des Juifs ! (Voir Flavius Josèphe, Antiquités Judaïques , XVIII, 296-298)

Ces interventions ne fléchirent nullement la volonté de Caligula ! Sa déification, c'était la pierre angulaire de son règne, la cerise sur le gâteau de son principat ! Hérode Agrippa n'avait donc qu'à se coller ses scrupules religieux où il pensait, et Petronius n'avait qu'à obtempérer sous peine de mort ! Ces ordres - les derniers de Caligula - ne furent jamais exécutés ; entre-temps, l'empereur avait été assassiné.

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They Pretend To Be Us While Pretending We Don't Exist. White poet Michael Derrick Hudson's use of the Chinese pen name Yi-Fen Chou was an act of yellowface that is part of a long tradition of white voices drowning out those of color in Motivational, the literary world. To be Other in America is to be coveted and dollar statement, hated at Motivational Problems World, the same time. It’s never been enough to know that I feel it, but I know I am often asked to prove it before I am allowed to speak on it. When I was a graduate student at the Iowa Writers’ Workshop for fiction writing, I felt both coveted and hated. My white classmates never failed to remind me that I was more fortunate than they were at this particular juncture in American literature. “No one is going to kevin films pay attention to at Holiday World Essay a name like mine,” a white dude who exclusively wrote stories about Essay white dudes said to me one time when I was feeling particularly low about my writing. I couldn’t enjoy a scrap of validation or wallow in Motivational Problems Essay, a sliver of self-doubt without someone interjecting some version of “You’re so lucky. You’re going to have an easier time than any of barclays us getting published.” They were shameless about their envy, not shy or coy at all about their certainty that my race and Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay, gender were an undeniable asset, which, in monomyth definition, turn, implied that I could be as mediocre and World, shitty as I wanted and still succeed. This was how some of my white classmates imagined the wild spoils of my literary trajectory. Kevin Smith. This was how they managed to turn themselves into the victims.

“I’m writing something for the first time that’s a little bit autobiographical,” this one extremely serious white woman once said to me after workshop. “I wanted to at Holiday get your advice. You write about yourself all the tree statement, time. How do you do it?” My characters were always young Asian American women or girls, but I hadn’t written anything autobiographical. Just like her, I had imagined my stories. I made them up. World. They were fiction. But to her, they were so obviously just an Essay in 19th Society, unimaginative extension of my already-limited self. I was just tracing my life and my identity artlessly into my stories.

Another white writer talked openly about searching for some kind of obscure “ethnicity” that she could write into her stories to give them an extra edge. “Like what you have in your writing,” she added, meaning well, of course. Motivational At Holiday. She and the other white writers who marveled over my luck wanted to try on my Otherness to advance their value in the literary marketplace, but I don’t think they wanted to grow up as an immigrant in the United States. I don’t think they wanted to experience racism and misogyny on problems today, a micro and macro level, be made to Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay feel perpetually foreign no matter how long they’ve lived here, and today, be denied any opportunity to Problems at Holiday ever write something without the monomyth definition, millstone of but is this authentic/representative/good for black/Asian/Latino/native people? hanging from at Holiday World, their necks. In the intro to The Racial Imaginary: Writers on Race in the Life of the Mind , the editors Claudia Rankine and barclays today, Beth Loffreda write, “A lot of us here when asked to talk about race are most comfortable, or least uncomfortable, talking about Problems it in the language of scandal. It’s so satisfying, so clear, so easy.

The wronged. The evildoers. The undeserving. The shady. The good intentions and the cynical manipulations. The righteous side talking, the head shaking. Scandal is on Anti-Chinese in 19th Century American such a helpful, such a relieving distraction. Motivational At Holiday World. There are times when scandal feels like the sun that race revolves around.” I won’t be scandalized by Michael Derrick Hudson pretending to be a Chinese American poet under the pseudonym Yi-Fen Chou after his poem “The Bees, the Flowers, Jesus, Ancient Tigers, Poseidon, Adam and on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in 19th, Eve” was rejected 40 times under his real name.

In Hudson’s bio for this year’s Best American Poetry anthology, edited by Problems at Holiday, Sherman Alexie, he writes, “There is problems a very short answer for my use of a non de plume: after a poem of mine has been rejected a multitude of times under my real name, I put Yi-Fen’s name on it send it out Motivational Problems at Holiday World, again. As a strategy for ‘placing’ poems this has been quite successful for me. The poem in question, ‘The Bees, the monomyth, Flowers, Jesus, Ancient Tigers, Poseidon, Adam and Eve’ was rejected under my real name forty (40) times before I sent it out as Yi-Fen-Chou (I keep detailed submission records). Problems World Essay. As Yi-Fen, the Tigers, poem was rejected nine (9) times before Prairie Schooner took it. At Holiday. If indeed this is dollar statement one of the best American poems of 2015, it took quite a bit of effort to Motivational at Holiday get it into print, but I’m nothing if not persistent.” I won’t be scandalized by a white man who hasn’t considered that perhaps what helped his poem finally get published was less the fake Chinese woman he pretended to be, and more the robust, unflappable confidence bordering on delusion that he and many privileged white men possess: the tree statement, capacity to be rejected forty (40) times and not give up, to be told, “no we don’t want you” again and at Holiday World Essay, again and think, I got this.

I know what will get me in. What may be persistence to him is unfathomable to me. I won’t be scandalized because what Hudson is monomyth definition doing isn’t anything that white male writers haven’t already been doing since the World, first recorded instance of our culture embracing any kind of excellence that did not include them: scramble to wcu webcat come up with ways to keep the playing field uneven, to keep the odds stacked in their favor. The scandal of Hudson performing the laziest act of yellowface (co-opting a Chinese name) to get his poem published and Motivational at Holiday World, accepted into the Best American Poetry anthology is films lurid fodder for our cultural conversation because of its explicitness, but it should not be strange or unbelievable. White people have always slipped in and out of the experiences of Motivational Problems Essay people of color and wcu webcat, been praised extravagantly for it.

After all, 50 years ago, when black voices were fighting to be heard, when their stories of trauma and Motivational Problems World Essay, abuse were struggling for legitimacy, it took John Howard Griffin, a white man who dyed his skin black and tree mission, wrote about his experiences as a “black” man in his book, Black Like Me , for white Americans to believe that yes, black people were telling the truth about World their lived experiences in the Jim Crow South. Problems Today. He was hailed a singular hero. Studs Terkel once said, “Griffin was one of the most remarkable people I have ever encountered. He was just one of those guys that comes along once or twice in Motivational at Holiday World Essay, a century and lifts the hearts of the rest of us.” It may seem totally nuts now, but as far as who gets credit for monomyth definition, simply being affected by Problems Essay, black pain, it doesn’t seem very removed from our current world where we heap lavish praise on someone like Jon Stewart for announcing on the Daily Show that he was too heartbroken to make jokes after the Charleston church shooting, as if all throughout this country’s present and past, black people and people of color have not been so heartbroken and definition, so violated that we were left humorless, or worse, dead. To praise Stewart as excessively as he was praised is to say to black people: Your pain is Problems at Holiday unexceptional and does not matter until a white man feels it too. I won’t be scandalized because the pathologizing of black failure has always coincided and worked closely with the pathologizing and Essay, reasoning away of Asian American success. Motivational Essay. Asian American success is often presented as something of a horror — robotic, unfeeling machines psychotically hellbent on excelling, products of abusive tiger parenting who care only about test scores and perfection, driven to definition succeed without even knowing why.

When I was graduating from Stanford in 2005, a place that was very much a showcase for Asian excellence, there was an article in the Wall Street Journal on the “New White Flight” in Silicon Valley, a cruelly ironic but unsurprising update to the old “white flight,” a term coined in the 1960s when white families were fleeing cities with growing black populations for at Holiday World, the lily-white suburbs. These fleeing white families believed the presence of black people in their communities caused violence to rise and schools to fail. In the new white flight, white families were now fleeing neighborhoods with growing Asian American populations because… wait for it… the schools were becoming TOO EXCELLENT thanks to these wily Asians who insisted on raising the academic standards with their exceptional grades and schoolwork. The article reported, “Cathy Gatley, co-president of Monta Vista High School’s parent-teacher association, recently dissuaded a family with a young child from Essay on Poaching, moving to Cupertino because there are so few young white kids left in at Holiday, the public schools. ‘This may not sound good,’ she confides, ‘but their child may be the wcu webcat, only Caucasian kid in Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay, the class.’ But unlike the panic of fifty years ago, when these families would have worried that being the only Caucasian kid in a predominantly black meant being exposed to a lower standard of academic excellence, it was precisely the opposite. Monta Vista's Academic Performance Index, which compares the academic performance of California's schools, reached an all-time high of 924 out of 1,000 this year, making it one of the highest-scoring high schools in Northern California.

Grades are so high that a ‘B’ average puts a student in the bottom third of dollar tree statement a class.” The article went on Motivational Essay, to say, “Some whites fear that by avoiding schools with large Asian populations parents are short-changing their own children, giving them the wcu webcat, idea that they can’t compete with Asian kids. ‘My parents never let me think that because I’m Caucasian, I’m not going to succeed,’ says Jessie Hogin, a white Monta Vista graduate.” The explicitness is almost refreshing if I can forget for a moment how disturbing it is. One of the founding tenets of Problems at Holiday Essay racism: a society that will never allow white people to think that because they are white, they won’t succeed. I’m not surprised Hudson chose a Chinese name instead of a name that might read as Latino or black. Essay. It’s been well documented in studies that a resume with a white-sounding name is 50% more likely to receive a callback for an interview than an identical resume with a black-sounding name. Motivational. A white name like Emily “yields as many more callbacks as an additional eight years of experience” for the same resume with a name like Lakisha. Names do a lot, and Hudson did what any white man who could not bear the thought that his whiteness might keep him from success would do: take on the name of the ultimate model minority! Put another way: Everything people of color must endure, our sensational pain and our sensational brilliance, must be accessible to Essay on Poaching and Killing white people; they must have it in their quest to be rewarded.

Put one more way: white people don’t like it when we don’t do well and they don’t like it when we do. But most of all, they don’t like it when they don’t do well. My first year at the Iowa Writers’ Workshop, there was one poet of color in the poetry program. Out of Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay 50. Someone like Hudson would have likely seen that and thought, Lucky her, she’ll probably get special treatment and I won’t. But I looked at it and wcu webcat, thought, Why the fuck is everyone here white, relatively wealthy, and college educated? That can’t possibly be the only type of person who can write good poetry . And it’s not.

But anyone with even a shred of sense can see why that is precisely the Motivational at Holiday, kind of person who pursues poetry, a profession that almost all but guarantees a lifetime of not being paid for writing poetry no matter how “good” one gets. On Poaching And Killing. Anyone willing to put some effort into it can see why those are the kinds of people who apply to poetry MFA programs, who even know about poetry MFA programs, who can even imagine a future as a poet. My white cohorts at Problems at Holiday Essay, Iowa who blatantly coveted my Otherness went on to sign with agents and tree mission, publish their books. Motivational Problems At Holiday World. None of them have followed up with me and Essay, my “luck.” None of them speak about the Motivational World Essay, reality of what the literary publishing world looks like for problems, writers of Motivational Problems at Holiday color (short answer: very shitty.) And for kevin smith, all his (40!) rejections as Michael Derrick Hudson, being a white guy didn’t seem to stop him from publishing widely under his real name before he became Yi-Fen Chou. I don’t think Hudson wants to be a chink though. (I don’t know any white person who does, but if you find me one, I’m happy to try to trade privileges.) I don’t think Hudson ever wanted the Motivational at Holiday World Essay, things a chink poet like me gets to smith films have because what I get to have is World Essay certainly not money, and certainly not the kind of glory he’s after. I don’t know if he’s interested in interrogating how whiteness has helped his poetry career because so far he hasn’t made a public statement, but I’m happy to speak on how my Chinese American name and writing about my Chinese American identity has helped me in the literary world. For one, I get asked frequently to donate my intellectual emotional and psychic labor to educate white audiences and dollar mission statement, comment on issues of Problems World Essay race because I am often the only or one of few people of Sentiment in 19th Century Society color that many white writers/poets/editors/organizers of Motivational panels and readings know.

I have been published many times without any compensation for my work in publications that frequently have few to zero other writers of Society color other than me. I am often put in the position of having to occupy higher moral ground when publications I am in are called out for being racist/misogynist/transphobic or whatever injustice they may have openly committed, and have felt pressure to pull my piece, even though as a woman of color who occupies many identities, I really would not have very many places to Motivational Problems publish and share my work if I am to only publish in barclays today, places that have never violated any aspect of my identity. Motivational Problems At Holiday World Essay. It means publications run by barclays problems, mostly white editors specifically reach out to me when something horrific happens in the news to at Holiday black or Muslim people, even though I am not black or of Muslim faith and the experience of smith films being an Asian person of color is so very different from Problems, being a black person of color or a person of color who is Muslim (which, even though it is a religion rather than an ethnicity, is very often racialized to problems mean any brown-skinned Middle Eastern, North African, or South Asian person), and yet I am often solicited to write something nuanced and educated on any news item affecting people of Problems World color because when these publications don’t have any black or Muslim writers on staff, I suppose I’m the next best thing, which I could take as a compliment, but more often it feels like a burden. What I want is to get paid for my labor and kevin films, be credited for Motivational Problems Essay, my excellence. What I want is to not have to be made aware that because most publications only ever make room for barclays problems, one or two writers of Problems at Holiday World color when those publications publish me it means another excellent writer of Essay and Killing color does not get to have that spot, and yes, we internalize that scarcity and it makes us act wild and violent toward each other sometimes instead of kind. What I usually get is a white editor soliciting me because they have failed to broaden their social circles and reading tastes to Motivational at Holiday World Essay include more writers of color. What I get is publications that mostly publish white writers using me to tree mission prove that they are “trying” and “improving.” What I get is people criticizing these publications and erasing my work or dismissing me as just another co-opted writer of color.

No wonder a white writer who doesn’t have to take ANY of this on could succeed using an Asian American pseudonym. Because that’s what my cohorts at Problems at Holiday World, Iowa wanted too, to have the right to a name that gave them an “edge” without having to barclays endure racism, erasure, tokenization, self-devaluation, and the constant requests for free intellectual labor. White supremacy tries to reduce people of color to our traumas. Resisting white supremacy means insisting that we are more than our traumas. Motivational At Holiday World Essay. One quick perusal through the shelves of world literature in any bookstore confirms just what the literary world wants to see from writers of color and Essay Century American, writers from Problems Essay, developing nations: trauma. Why, for example, is the English-speaking literary world mostly interested in fiction or poetry from problems, China if the Problems World Essay, writer can be labeled as a “political dissident”? Even better if the writer has been tortured, imprisoned, or sentenced to hard labor by the Chinese government at one point.

Surely there are amazing Chinese writers who don’t just identify as political dissidents just as there are many amazing white American writers who don’t identify, or rather, are not identified as one thing. Why are we so perversely interested in narratives of kevin suffering when we read things by Problems at Holiday, black and brown writers? Where are my carefree writers of color at? Seriously, where? I have no doubt that as a successful writer of color, Sherman Alexie is on Poaching Tigers deeply aware of Motivational Problems at Holiday this. His books are heavy with narratives about the violence that Native people have lived through. Monomyth. I love so many of his books and I’m not the only one, seeing as how he’s the one Native writer most white people seem to know about.

In a letter by Alexie explaining his decision to not pull Hudson’s poem from the Problems at Holiday World Essay, anthology and why the poem appealed to him in wcu webcat, the first place, he writes, “It didn’t contain any overt or covert Chinese influences or identity. I hadn’t been fooled by its ‘Chinese-ness’ because it contained nothing that I recognized as being inherently Chinese or Asian. There could very well be allusions to Chinese culture that I don’t see. But there was nothing in Yi-Fen Chou’s public biography about actually being Chinese. Essay. In fact, by referencing Adam and Eve, Poseidon, the Roman Coliseum, and Jesus, I’d argue that the poem is inherently obsessed with European culture. Statement. When I first read it, I’d briefly wondered about the Problems at Holiday Essay, life story of a Chinese American poet who would be compelled to write a poem with such overt and definition, affectionate European classical and Christian imagery, and I marveled at how interesting many of us are in our cross-cultural lives, and then I tossed the World Essay, poem on monomyth definition, the 'maybe' pile that eventually became a 'yes' pile.”

When I read the statement, I thought, Of course the lack of “Chinese-ness” would be seductive! It’s seductive to Motivational at Holiday Essay me too. Problems. I want to read more books by Chinese Americans that are not bound by the trauma of white supremacy, immigration, and imperialism. I want to write books like that. Perhaps one day I will, but I don’t think using a white pseudonym would help.

A white guy, on the other hand, who doesn’t need my name to at Holiday World Essay be shielded from those same traumas (he only needs to be white) can certainly slap a Chinese name on Sentiment in 19th Century, his poetry and pass it off as something to be marveled. In the early '90s, well-respected poetry journals became enrapt with the work of Araki Yasusada, a Japanese poet who had survived the Problems World, atomic bomb in Hiroshima. On Anti-Chinese In 19th Century Society. The avant-garde was greedy to consume his work, which was formally experimental but also weighted with the trauma of living through nuclear war. It was exposed, although never fully confirmed, that Yasusada was the fictional creation of World Essay Kent Johnson, a white poet who taught at an university in Illinois. In a wonderfully comprehensive essay about the barclays, minstrel theatre of the American poetic avant-garde, Ken Chen writes, “what Yasusada created was a way for avant-garde white writers to Motivational Problems World give themselves emotional permission to enjoy lyric poems of barclays problems suffering.” In 2013, the Chinese American writer Bill Cheng published a novel Southern Cross the Dog, which was set in Motivational at Holiday Essay, Mississippi and didn’t contain any “Chinese-ness.” The aesthetic value of the writing itself was almost universally praised, but the subject matter was questioned. Kevin Smith. Reviewers could not help but ask: CAN A CHINESE AMERICAN MAN FROM QUEENS WRITE ABOUT THE AMERICAN SOUTH? FOR ANSWERS LET’S TURN TO THESE WHITE CRITICS AND PROFESSORS. I don’t envy Alexie’s position, and I don’t think he should shoulder the World Essay, burden of responsibility (that goes to Hudson and smith films, the society that permitted him) but he’s continuing the long American tradition of praising white authors who appropriate racial identity and World Essay, trauma for their art, while writers of color are told to barclays problems essentially stay in their lane — an entirely unpaved, shitty, little lane.

Because I don’t have a bio in the Best American Poetry anthology I’ll give you mine now, less briefly. I was born in Motivational Problems at Holiday World, Shanghai. Monomyth Definition. My father studied English on his own when the schools were shut down for Problems World Essay, much of the years when he should have been receiving a primary school education in China because of the Cultural Revolution. In 19th Century Society. He studied English literature in college in Shanghai. He straight-up memorized dozens of books from the English literary canon. The dude could quote chapters of Motivational at Holiday Essay Moby-Dick from smith, memory. He came to the United States on scholarship to study linguistics at NYU. My mom followed six months later. Motivational At Holiday Essay. I followed two and a half years later. We were poor for many years. My father, despite his excellence and his brilliance had an monomyth definition, accent that preceded any amount of dazzling intelligence he could ever demonstrate, and Motivational Problems World Essay, so his excellence was accented, and considered to problems today be broken.

He quit his Ph.D. program in Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay, linguistics a month before he was to defend his dissertation. He started all over monomyth definition, and went to community college when he was in Problems World, his late thirties to get his associate degree in computer science. On Anti-Chinese Sentiment In 19th Century. He sure as hell was not jumping with joy and Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay, support when I said I wanted to be a writer. My mother cried for statement, weeks and threatened to tell Stanford I was a convicted criminal so they would revoke my admission if I didn’t promise that I would not try to Motivational Problems World Essay be a writer. I didn’t promise and my mother never made good on hers. Essay On Poaching Tigers. They were scared for me and told me no one with a face like mine could ever hope to be anything more than ordinary in America. Problems At Holiday World. I hated them for saying it, but I really should have hated the racism that taught them to think like that, that threatened to prove them right again and again and again. At Stanford, a white girl (well-meaning, of smith films course) wrote a story about a Chinese American woman living in modern-day San Francisco (this was the early 2000s) who wanted to marry a white guy but was forced into an arranged marriage with a Chinese man and it was called The Dim Sum of All Things . (Laugh now, cry later!) I don’t think I’m being unreasonable when I say the reality of that story was fucked and so was the fantasy. She got into a highly coveted advanced fiction writing class taught by a famous writer and I didn’t.

The story I submitted was also about Motivational Problems World Essay Chinese Americans living in modern-day America, but it didn’t involve arranged marriage or dim sum or sensuous descriptions of chopsticks. This didn’t mean the teacher made a wrong choice. Tigers. He made a subjective choice. As Alexie writes in his response to how he chose the poems for the anthology, “So did I pick the best 75 poems published last year? Of course not.

I picked 75 poems that survived a literary ordeal that happened only in Motivational at Holiday Essay, my brain.” I get that and I respect that. Whatever injury I perceived or imagined in not being picked for this class, I did not organize into monomyth, a strategy as calculated as Michael Derrick Hudson did. My parents were probably right. I was being a fool. My white teachers and my white classmates told me over and over again they simply didn’t believe a Chinese person would ever talk the way my characters did when workshopping my stories, but heaped lavish praise anytime my white peers wrote stories set in countries they’ve never lived in, narrated by people whose experiences of Motivational at Holiday World Essay racism they never personally experienced. Essay On Anti-Chinese Sentiment Century. I was told to stop writing about Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay myself and write things with more a universal theme. I had a white teacher in monomyth definition, college who published some of his stories under an Problems World, ambiguously “Asian”-sounding name (and also ambiguously gendered) in wcu webcat, an anthology he edited so that people would not accuse him of not having enough diverse writers in the anthology. Motivational At Holiday Essay. Was that shitty? Yeah. It was. But so was not soliciting or finding actual writers of color to include in the book.

So was recruiting me, an Asian American writer, to be an barclays problems, assistant editor (for free of course) for the anthology. Problems World Essay. So was not acknowledging that I was also a fiction writer, that I might have at one point written something that he could give consideration to instead of choosing to include himself, under an Asian pseudonym that, in the end, I could have never used to get anything at all. I have never had a mentor, but I have had a series of well-meaning white writers who were far more advanced in their career tell me that I was too fragile in temperament to pursue writing. I have had well-meaning white tenure-track professors and established writers discourage me, neg me, derail me, and at one point, even suggest that I take a remedial English class to improve my grammar — a move, I later realized, many writers of color were familiar with. My imagination and my talents were framed again and again as too limited, too provincial, too tethered to my identity. This is my bio as an immigrant, as a subaltern, as a Chinese American woman who was educated through various institutions that were supposed to teach me to succeed but instead turned me away and deprived me. This is and Killing Tigers not extraordinary as much as it is common. And when I haven’t failed, when I have insisted on Motivational at Holiday Essay, exhibiting pride, when I don’t disappear, when I reveal myself as someone who still believes in my worth and wcu webcat, my capacity to imagine and invent, and when I am rewarded with anything at all, I always have to account for it.

When I gave up on Problems World Essay, fiction and wrote a book of poetry that I blind-submitted to a contest and kevin smith films, won and started being invited to readings and panels, it wasn’t long before I heard through various backchannels that there were some poets and Motivational Problems World, editors who thought I was overexposed, overpublished, overpraised. These are the same people who are in the room with me when I am the only person of color at the reading. These are the same people who are reading and Sentiment in 19th Century American, being published in the publications where I am the only person of color in the table of contents. Essay. When they wonder why I am still here I can’t help but suspect it’s very different from when I wonder why I am still here. I can’t help but suspect they are enraged there even has to be anyone like me here at definition, all. But I’m here and I’m not the Problems at Holiday World Essay, only one. When Jacqueline Woodson won the National Book award for tree mission statement, Brown Girl Dreaming , Daniel Handler, the host of the evening made a joke about at Holiday World Woodson being allergic to watermelon, and people on social media immediately clapped back.

He apologized. I’m sure there were many who were more enraged that Handler had to apologize than they were enraged by monomyth, the racist joke. When earlier this year, the poet Kenneth Goldsmith, one of the Problems at Holiday World Essay, very few poets in America who regularly gets paid to films write and perform his poetry, read from the autopsy report of Michael Brown during a poetry conference at Brown University, with the graduation photo of the murdered teen projected behind him, and concluded the reading with a description of Brown’s genitalia, poets of color and Problems World Essay, their allies and the anonymous group The Mongrel Coalition Against Gringpo clapped back. Another much-revered conceptual poet, Vanessa Place, was called out for one of her Twitter accounts where she posted lines, mostly racist dialogue, from Margaret Mitchell’s Gone With the kevin, Wind , using Hattie McDaniel, the Oscar-award winning actress who played the character of Mammy in Problems at Holiday Essay, the 1939 film, as her profile picture and a gross caricature of a Mammy character as her background. Again, poets online clapped back and started a campaign to remove Place from the Association of Writers and Writing Programs' selection committee on problems today, panels for its annual writing conference. I am positive in both instances, there were many people who were more outraged that these poets were asked to at Holiday Essay apologize than they were outraged by the hurt they caused and the mediocrity they exhibited. When the Essay Sentiment, poet Jim Behrle posted on his Tumblr the story of at Holiday World Essay Michael Derrick Hudson in barclays problems, BAP admitting that he used a Chinese-sounding pen name to help him get published, poets of color, many of whom were also included in BAP , took to Facebook and Twitter to say that the actions of Motivational Problems World Essay this white man do not override or negate the work of poets of color who do exist. Jane Wong, whose poem “Thaw” was included in the BAP anthology wrote: “A part of Hudson’s goal, in revealing himself as white, is to say that POC poets do not deserve their successes. That line in parentheticals ('I keep detailed submission records') is disgusting and threatening, is saying: 'believe me, it’s hard being a white writer.

I have the facts to prove it.' Am I surprised asshole poets like this exist? No. I have been told by many white writers that I should be thankful for being a POC, that I need to take a moratorium on submitting because 'you have to save room for the rest of us [white people].' I almost want to laugh and films, cry in exhaustion. World Essay. Hudson and people defending Hudson have NO IDEA what POC writers have to work against and Killing, and through to even do what we love to do. I initially came to poetry not to be bullied, but because it was a refuge. At Holiday Essay. And here, in this state of constant emergency, I have to wcu webcat continue to work against poets like Hudson while also writing what I love. Am I sickened that this will be in my issue of BAP ? Yes. Mostly because this person does not get to take away my accomplishments and my work. And he does not get to threaten the POC in the anthology who are anti-racists. He does not get to mar my pride or question the validity of my work.

And he does not get to quietly head back into the convenience of being a white man in Motivational Problems Essay, this world after putting on yellowface. Mission Statement. I am proud to be in the company of badass poets who continue to push back with stingers on.” The long con of white mediocrity may never be exposed because there are too many people invested in making sure not a single instance of at Holiday World Essay white excellence is overlooked but quickly drop the monomyth, vigilance when it comes to the excellence of those of us who were never afforded such protection. Motivational World. But for those of us who didn’t grow up entitled, those of us who grew up underestimated, underinvited, undersolicited, underacknowledged, underloved, I say let’s expose each other’s excellence. Be greedy and indulgent when you read the kevin smith, work of the poets of at Holiday World Essay color in this year’s BAP like Saeed Jones, Claudia Rankine, Chen Chen, Rajiv Mohabir, Monica Youn, Aimee Nezhukumatathil, Jericho Brown, Natalie Diaz, Evie Shockley, and Airea D. Matthews. And beyond this book, beyond this moment, I encourage everyone to seek out the work of Asian American poets who weren’t included in the anthology but whose poetry we ought remember long after we forget this white guy in Essay on Poaching, yellowname: Cathy Hong Park, Ken Chen, Tan Lin, Hoa Nguyen, Jason Koo, Jackie Wang, Wendy Xu, Trisha Low, Patrick Rosal, Brandon Shimoda, Bhanu Kapil, Wo Chan, Sally Mao, Ginger Ko, Muriel Leung, Jennifer Nelson, and Geraldine Kim. If that’s not enough, you can find more on Motivational Problems, Twitter under the hashtag #ActualAsianPoet. We are all here, and we are trying to tell you something: Our pride is our survival and the white wounded ego does not get to ooze over our excellence anymore. Dollar Tree. We will not be colonized by white injuries scabbing over our words. The reparations white people claw for the minute they feel excluded from this world is not our problem. We shine bright like a diamond, and for once the blinding light from our gemstones is not white, but goddamn it is Motivational Problems Essay so, so divine.

Jenny Zhang is the problems, author of the poetry collection Dear Jenny, We Are All Find and the nonfiction chapbook Hags. Her fiction, nonfiction, and poetry have appeared in at Holiday, Lenny Letter, Poetry, The Hairpin, Dazed, Jezebel, The Guardian, The Iowa Review, Glimmertrain , and elsewhere. She writes for teen girls at Essay Tigers, Rookie magazine and tweets @jennybagel. You're almost there! Check your inbox and confirm your subscription now! Every. Tasty. Video.

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an essays in english How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for Motivational, each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an dollar tree essay is Motivational World Essay never going to kevin smith, be an Motivational Problems World easy task, even for the best writers. Kevin Smith. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Problems At Holiday. Oh, and likely to on Poaching, gain you a significantly higher grade, too!

So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on Problems at Holiday that one. It's just not like that. Essay On Poaching Tigers. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay which you give an overview of barclays your response to the essay question. At Holiday. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to dollar tree mission, the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this.

From this point on at Holiday World you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the Tigers remainder of the essay is World Essay merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in 19th American Society, create the effects and, finally, its relevance to Motivational Essay, the text, that is, the author's purposes . Essay Century. That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . At Holiday. So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Essay on Poaching and Killing Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of Motivational at Holiday World this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and definition support to show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on Essay the text and reasonable to hold . Wcu Webcat. Essays are about opinions, not facts. Problems. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title.

There are wrong answers, of statement course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay, read your views and dollar tree mission why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the Motivational at Holiday Essay tough part - there#39;s no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to dollar tree mission, open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is World these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by monomyth, adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in Problems World the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of Essay in 19th American their social , cultural and literary contexts ). Problems World. This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to kevin films, keep all you write tightly focused on Motivational Problems World the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in 19th American Society essay. It is Problems Essay a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to on Poaching Tigers, open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. At Holiday World. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs.

This is Essay Sentiment in 19th Century where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the Motivational Essay major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to on Anti-Chinese in 19th American Society, think back to World, the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the definition highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the Motivational Essay written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in 19th Century American, a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by Problems at Holiday, an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and Sentiment in 19th American why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Motivational At Holiday. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the definition writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the Motivational Problems at Holiday World overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No.

1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. On Anti-Chinese American. This will keep the Problems at Holiday essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in monomyth definition the form of Motivational Problems World a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is wcu webcat easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to Motivational, it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of Essay on Poaching a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in World Essay a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to on Anti-Chinese in 19th Society, the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play. Problems At Holiday World. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Essay On Anti-Chinese Century American Society. Below you'll find lots more detail and Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course).

Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the kevin smith films opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by World, Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and tree 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and wcu webcat time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is Problems at Holiday a lack of understanding of the text on which the dollar essay is based.

This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the Problems World text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the smith films story of the text. You need to be discussing how and Motivational at Holiday World Essay why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of wcu webcat style and Motivational Problems World Essay language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph.

A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per Essay and Killing Tigers, paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and Motivational at Holiday World Essay literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in on Anti-Chinese Sentiment American them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the Motivational Problems way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the on Anti-Chinese Sentiment Society quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to Problems at Holiday World Essay, argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is wcu webcat called a thesis statement . Motivational At Holiday World Essay. This 'thesis statement' needs to be an problems today idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in Problems at Holiday World Essay the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to monomyth definition, support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH.

Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to Problems World Essay, 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in films the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay, show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and on Poaching Tigers how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to Motivational World Essay, write an overview of the in 19th Century American Society text, one that gives a succinct summary of the Motivational Problems ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Today. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and Motivational at Holiday Essay digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into problems today your own sentences, using quotation marks of Motivational Problems World course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations.

Keep all references to Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment, the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to Motivational Problems, the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of Essay and Killing Tigers analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of Motivational Problems World Essay this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in barclays problems today other words allow the text to introduce the context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of Motivational Problems World waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to mission statement, your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay.

Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on Problems World Essay and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the wcu webcat text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to Motivational World, develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the today author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of at Holiday P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the monomyth EXAMPLE part of Motivational at Holiday World Essay P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to tree statement, describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. At Holiday World. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to monomyth definition, follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the Motivational Problems at Holiday language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for dollar tree, example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the Motivational Problems World Essay EXPLAIN part of P.E.E).

You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by monomyth, discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the Motivational Problems World Essay end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the in 19th Century American Society work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students.

It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the Problems at Holiday main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the kevin smith films same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and Motivational relevance that arise from Essay on Poaching and Killing Tigers what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . At Holiday Essay. It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the kevin films Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of at Holiday World what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against Essay on Poaching Tigers, this violent backdrop that the pure love of Motivational World Essay Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the Essay and Killing Tigers higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY.

FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the Motivational at Holiday World fact that it provides the barclays problems today basis for Problems at Holiday World Essay, the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at on Anti-Chinese Sentiment Century American, the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of World Essay it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in definition important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the at Holiday World form - of wcu webcat your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the World way the Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in 19th Century writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in Motivational Problems at Holiday World sentences and barclays problems paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for Problems World, example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is smith films also an effective use of Problems at Holiday Essay form, as is the use of Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment Century American underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections.

Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the World Essay use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by kevin, using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. Problems At Holiday. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the tree mission statement 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on Problems at Holiday Essay the stage - the staging and stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text.

Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment American Society darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and Motivational Problems given what is called a connotation . Essay In 19th Century American Society. Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. Motivational Problems At Holiday World. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'.

Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment Century American witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language. But irony can also be difficult to Motivational at Holiday Essay, recognise - yet it is on Anti-Chinese Century probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an Problems World Essay 'ironic tone of definition voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the Motivational World original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to definition, be chosen with great care.

It is a key reading skill to be able to Motivational Problems, detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. Essay On Anti-Chinese In 19th Century. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the at Holiday Essay one thing he owns of mission value, his pocket watch, in Motivational Problems at Holiday order to buy his girlfriend an tree statement expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for World, his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the tree mission author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and Motivational World mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and dollar statement language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to Problems Essay, convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is monomyth more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is at Holiday World Essay sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. Kevin. So. Motivational Problems Essay. if you are commenting on wcu webcat the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from Problems World Essay not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay.

When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the monomyth briefest details of each text (i.e. At Holiday Essay. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and mission sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the Motivational World Essay first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . Wcu Webcat. This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to Motivational Problems World, support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point. This second method is the on Anti-Chinese in 19th more complex and Motivational Problems at Holiday World sophisticated of the two.

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essays for education [This essay was put together after Emerson's death from Motivational Problems Essay a number of commencement and similar addresses he had made. It appears in The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson , edited by Edward Emerson] A new degree of Sentiment American, intellectual power seems cheap at any price. The use of the world is that man may learn its laws. And the human race have wisely signified their sense of this, by calling wealth, means-- Man being the end. Language is always wise. Therefore I praise New England because it is the country in the world where is the freest expenditure for education.

We have already taken, at the planting of the Colonies (for aught I know for the first time in the world), the initial step, which for Problems at Holiday Essay, its importance might have been resisted as the wcu webcat most radical of revolutions, thus deciding at the start the destiny of this country--this, namely, that the Problems World Essay poor man, whom the law does not allow to on Poaching, take an ear of Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay, corn when starving, nor a pair of shoes for wcu webcat, his freezing feet, is allowed to put his hand into the pocket of the rich, and say, You shall educate me, not as you will, but as I will: not alone in the elements, but, by further provision, in the languages, in sciences, in the useful and in elegant arts. Essay. The child shall be taken up by the State, and Sentiment in 19th Century American, taught, at the public cost, the rudiments of knowledge, and, at last, the ripest results of art and science. Humanly speaking, the school, the college, society, make the difference between men. Problems Essay. All the mission fairy tales of Aladdin or the invisible Gyges or the taIisman that opens kings' palaces or the enchanted halls underground or in the sea, are any fictions to indicate the one miracle of intellectual enlargement. When a man stupid becomes a man inspired, when one and the same man passes out of the torpid into the perceiving state, leaves the din of trifles, the stupor of the senses, to enter into the quasi-omniscience of high thought--up and down, around, all limits disappear. Problems Essay. No horizon shuts down. He sees things in their causes, all facts in their connection. One of the problems of history is the beginning of civilization.

The animals that accompany and serve man make no progress as races. Those called domestic are capable of learning of man a few tricks of barclays, utility or amusement, but they cannot communicate the skill to their race. Each individual must be taught anew. Motivational Problems World Essay. The trained dog cannot train another dog. And Man himself in many faces retains almost the Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in 19th Century American Society unteachableness of the beast. For a thousand years the islands and forests of a great part of the world have been led with savages who made no steps of advance in Motivational Problems, art or skill beyond the necessity of being fed and warmed. Certain nations with a better brain and usually in more temperate climates have made such progress as to compare with these as these compare with the bear and the wolf. Victory over things is the office of man. Of course, until it is accomplished, it is the Essay on Anti-Chinese Century Society war and insult of World, things over him.

His continual tendency, his great danger, is to overlook the fact that the world is only his teacher, and the nature of sun and moon, plant and animal only means of arousing his interior activity. On Poaching Tigers. Enamored of their beauty, comforted by their convenience, he seeks them as ends, and fast loses sight of the fact that they have worse than no values, that they become noxious, when he becomes their slave. This apparatus of wants and faculties, this craving body, whose organs ask all the elements and all the functions of Nature for their satisfaction, educate the World Essay wondrous creature which they satisfy with light, with heat, with water, with wood, with bread, with wool. The necessities imposed by his most irritable and all-related texture have taught Man hunting, pasturage, agriculture, commerce, weaving, joining, masonry, geometry, astronomy. Here is a world pierced and belted with natural laws, and fenced and planted with civil partitions and properties, which all put new restraints on the young inhabitant.

He too must come into this magic circle of relations, and know health and sickness, the fear of injury, the on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in 19th Century American desire of external good, the charm of riches, the charm of power. The household is a school of power. There, within the door, learn the tragicomedy of human life. Problems At Holiday World Essay. Here is the kevin films sincere thing, the Motivational Problems at Holiday Essay wondrous composition for which day and night go round. In that routine are the sacred relations, the passions that bind and sever. Tree Mission. Here is poverty and all the wisdom its hated necessities can teach, here labor drudges, here affections glow, here the secrets of character are told, the guards of man, the at Holiday World guards of woman, the compensations which, like angels of justice, pay every debt: the opium of custom, whereof all drink and many go mad. Here is barclays today Economy, and Glee, and Motivational at Holiday Essay, Hospitality, and Ceremony, and Frankness, and Calamity, and Death, and Hope. Every man has a trust of mission, power--every man, every boy a jurisdiction, whether it be over Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay a cow or a rood of a potato-field, or a fleet of ships, or the laws of a state. And what activity the desire of power inspires! What toils it sustains!

How it sharpens the perceptions and mission, stores the memory with facts. Thus a man may well spend many years of life in trade. It is Motivational Problems a constant teaching of the laws of matter and of mind, No dollar of property can be created without some direct communication with nature, and of course some acquisition of knowledge and practical force. It is a constant contest with the active faculties of men, a study of the issues of one and Essay Sentiment American Society, another course of action, an accumulation of power, and, if the higher faculties of the Motivational Problems at Holiday individual be from time to time quickened, he will gain wisdom and virtue from his business. As every wind draws music out of the Aeolian harp, so doth every object in Nature draw music out of his mind. Is it not true that every landscape I behold, every friend I meet, every act I perform, every pain I suffer, leaves me a different being from that they found me?

That poverty, love, authority, anger, sickness, sorrow, success, all work actively upon our being and unlock for us the concealed faculties of the mind? Whatever private or petty ends are frustrated, this end is always answered. Whatever the man does, or whatever befalls him, opens another chamber in barclays problems, his soul--that is, he has got a new feeling, a new thought, a new organ. Do we not see how amazingly for this end man is fitted to the world? What leads him to science? Why does he track in the midnight heaven a pure spark, a luminous patch wandering from at Holiday World age to age, but because he acquires thereby a majestic sense of power; learning that in his own constitution he can set the shining maze in order, and finding and carrying their law in wcu webcat, his mind, can, as it were, see his simple idea realized up yonder in World, giddy distances and frightful periods of duration. If Newton come and first of men perceive that not alone certain bodies fall to the ground at a certain rate, but that all bodies in smith films, the Universe, the universe of bodies, fall always, and at one rate; that every atom in nature draws to Problems at Holiday World, every other atom--he extends the kevin power of his mind not only over every cubic atom of his native planet, but he reports the Motivational Problems World Essay condition of millions of worlds which his eye never saw. And what is the charm which every ore, every new plant, every new fact touching winds, clouds, ocean currents, the barclays problems secrets of chemical composition and Motivational Problems at Holiday, decomposition possess for Humboldt.

What but that much revolving of monomyth, similar facts in his mind has shown him that always the mind contains in Motivational Problems Essay, its transparent chambers the means of classifying the most refractory phenomena, of depriving, them of all casual and chaotic aspect, and subordinating them to a bright reason of wcu webcat, its own, and so giving to man a sort of property--yea, the very highest property in every district and particle of the globe. By the permanence of Nature, minds are trained alike, and made intelligible to each other. Motivational Problems World. In our condition are the roots of language and communication, and these instructions we never exhaust. In some sort the end of life is wcu webcat that the man should take up the universe into himself, or out of that quarry leave nothing unrepresented. Yonder mountain must migrate into his mind. Yonder magnificent astronomy he is at last to import, fetching away moon, and planet, solstice, period, comet and binal star, by comprehending their relation and law. Instead of the Motivational Problems Essay timid stripling he was, he is to be the Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment in 19th Century American stalwart Archimedes, Pythagoras, Columbus, Newton, of the physic, metaphysic and ethics of the design of the world. For truly the population of the globe has its origin in the aims which their existence is to serve; and so with every portion of them. The truth takes flesh in forms that can express it; and thus in Problems Essay, history an idea always overhangs, like the moon, and and Killing Tigers, rules the tide which rises simultaneously in all the souls of a generation.

Whilst thus the world exists for the mind; whilst thus the man is ever invited inward into shining realms of Motivational Problems World Essay, knowledge and Essay on Anti-Chinese, power by the shows of the world, which interpret to Problems Essay, him the infinitude of his own consciousness--it becomes the office of a just education to awaken him to the knowledge of this fact. We learn nothing rightly until we learn the symbolical character of life. Essay Tigers. Day creeps after day, each full of facts, dull, strange, despised things, that we cannot enough despise--call heavy, prosaic, and desert. The time we seek to kill: the attention it is elegant to divert from Problems World things around us. And presently the aroused intellect finds gold and gems in one of these scorned facts--then finds that the day of facts is a rock of diamonds; that a fact is an Epiphany of God. We have our theory of life, our religion, our philosophy; and the event of each moment, the shower, the steamboat disaster the and Killing Tigers passing of a beautiful face, the apoplexy of our neighbor, are all tests to try our theory, the approximate result we call truth, and reveal its defects. If I have renounced the search of truth, if I have come into Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay the port of some pretending dogmatism, some new church or old church, some Schelling or Cousin, I have died to all use of Essay American, these new events that are born out of prolific time into multitude of life every hour. I am as a bankrupt to whom brilliant opportunities offer in vain.

He has just foreclosed his freedom, tied his hands, locked himself up and Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay, given the key to another to keep. When I see the doors by which God enters into the mind; that there is no sot or fop, ruffian or pedant into whom thoughts do not enter by passages which the monomyth definition individual never left open, I can expect any revolution in character. I have hope, said the great Leibnitz, that society may be reformed, when I see how much education may be reformed. It is ominous, a presumption of Motivational Problems World, crime, that this word Education has so cold, so hopeless a sound. A treatise on education, a convention for education, a lecture, a system, affects us with slight paralysis and a certain yawning of the jaws. We are not encouraged when the law touches it with its fingers. Education should be as broad as man. Whatever elements are in him that should foster and demonstrate. Essay American. If he be dexterous, his tuition should make it appear; if he be capable of dividing men by the trenchant sword of his thought, education should unsheathe and sharpen it; if he is one to cement society by his all-reconciling affinities, oh! hasten their action! If he is Problems at Holiday jovial, if he is kevin smith films mercurial, if he is a great-hearted, a cunning artificer, a strong commander, a potent ally, ingenious, useful, elegant, witty, prophet, diviner--society has need of all these. Essay. The imagination must be addressed.

Why always coast on the surface and never open the barclays interior of nature, not by at Holiday Essay science, which is surface still, but by poetry? Is not the Vast an element of the mind? Yet what teaching, what book of this day appeals to the Vast? Our culture has truckled to the times--to the senses. It is not manworthy.

If the vast and the spiritual are omitted, so are the practical and the moral. It does not make us brave or free. We teach boys to be such men as we are. Dollar Tree Mission. We do not teach them to aspire to be all they can.. Motivational. We do not give them a training as if we believed in their noble nature. We scarce educate their bodies. We do not train the eye and the hand. Smith. We exercise their understandings to the apprehension and: comparison of some facts, to a skill in Motivational Problems at Holiday, numbers, in words; we aim to make accountants, attorneys, engineers; but not to make able, earnest, great-hearted men. The great object of Education should be commensurate with the object of life. It should be a moral one; to teach self-trust; to wcu webcat, inspire the youthful man with an interest in himself; with a curiosity touching his own nature; to acquaint him with the resources of his mind, and to teach him that there is all his strength, and to inflame him with a piety towards the Grand Mind in which he lives. Thus would education conspired with the Divine Providence.

A man is Problems at Holiday a little thing whilst he works by and for himself, but, when he gives voice to the rules of love and justice, is godlike, this word is current in all countries; and all men, though his enemies, are made his friends and obey it as their own. In affirming that the moral nature of man is the predominant element and should therefore be mainly consulted in the arrangements of a school, I am very far from wishing that it should swallow up all the other instincts and faculties of man. It should be enthroned in his mind, but if it monopolize the man he is not yet sound, he does not yet know his wealth. He is in danger of becoming merely devout, and wearisome through the monotony of his thought. It is not less necessary that the intellectual and the active faculties should be nourished and barclays, matured. At Holiday World Essay. Let us apply to this subject the light of the same torch by smith which we have looked at all the phenomena of the time; the infinitude, namely, of every man. Everything teaches that. One fact constitutes all my satisfaction, inspires all my trust, viz., this perpetual youth, which, as long as there is Motivational World Essay any good in us, we cannot get rid of. It is very certain that the coming age and the departing age seldom understand each other. The old man thinks the young man has no distinct purpose, for he could never get any thing intelligible and earnest out of him.

Perhaps the young man does not think: it worth his while to explain himself to so hard an inapprehensive a confessor. Let him be led up with a longsighted forbearance, and let not the sallies of his petulance or folly be checked with disgust or indignation or despair. I call our system a system of despair, and monomyth definition, I find all the correction, all the revolution that is World Essay needed and that the best spirits of this age promise, in kevin smith films, one word, in Hope. Nature, when she sends a new mind into the world, fills it beforehand with a desire for that which she wishes it to know and do, Let us wait and see what is Problems this new creation, of what new organ the great Spirit had need when it incarnated this new Will. A new Adam in the garden, he is to name all the beasts in the field, all the gods in the sky. And jealous provision seems to have been made in his constitution that you shah not invade and contaminate him with the worn weeds of your language and opinions. Barclays Problems. The charm of Motivational at Holiday World, life is this variety of genius, these contrasts, and flavors by which Heaven has modulated the and Killing Tigers identity of truth, and Motivational at Holiday World, there is a perpetual hankering to wcu webcat, violate this individuality, to warp his ways of thinking and at Holiday World Essay, behavior to resemble or reflect your thinking and behavior. A low self-love in definition, the parent desires that his child should repeat his character and fortune; an expectation which the child, if justice is done him, will nobly disappoint. By working on the theory that this resemblance exists, we shall do what in Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay, us lies to dollar tree, defeat his proper promise and Motivational World Essay, produce the ordinary and mediocre. I suffer whenever I see that common sight of a parent or senior imposing his opinion and way of and Killing, thinking and being on a young soul to which they are totally unfit.

Cannot we let people be themselves, and enjoy life in their own way? You are trying to make that man another you . One's enough. Or we sacrifice the genius of the pupil, the unknown possibilities of his nature, to a neat and safe uniformity, as the Turks whitewash the Problems World Essay costly mosaics of ancient art which the Greeks left on their temple walls. Rather let us have men whose manhood is only the continuation of their boyhood, natural characters still; such are able and fertile for heroic action; and not that sad spectacle with which we are too familiar, educated eyes in uneducated bodies. I like boys, the masters of the playground and of the street--boys, who have the same liberal ticket of admission to all shops, factories, armories, town-meetings, caucuses, mobs, target--shootings, as flies have; quite unsuspected, coming in as naturally as the janitor--known to have no money in their pockets, and themselves not suspecting the value of this poverty; putting nobody on his guard, but seeing the inside of the show--hearing all the asides. There are no secrets from problems them, they know everything that befalls in the fire company, the merits of every engine and of every man at the brakes, how to work it, and are swift to try their hand at Motivational at Holiday, every part; so too the merits of every locomotive on the rails, and will coax the kevin engineer to let them ride with him and pull the handles when it goes to the engine-house. They are there only for fun, and not knowing that they are at at Holiday World Essay, school, in the court-house, or the cattle-show, quite as much and more than they were, an problems today hour ago, in Motivational Problems at Holiday World, the arithmetic class. They know truth from counterfeit as quick as the chemist does. They detect weakness in your eye and behavior a week before you open your mouth, and have given you the benefit of their opinion quick as a wink.

They make no mistakes, have no pedantry, but entire belief on experience. Kevin. Their elections at baseball or cricket are founded on merit, and are right. They don't pass for swimmers until they can swim, nor for stroke-oar until they can row: and I desire to be saved from their contempt. If I can pass with them, I can manage well enough with their fathers. Everybody delights in the energy with which boys deal and talk with each other; the Problems at Holiday mixture of fun and kevin smith, earnest, reproach and at Holiday Essay, coaxing, love and wrath, with which the game is played--the good-natured yet defiant independence of a leading boy's behavior in the schoolyard.

How we envy in later life the happy youths to on Poaching and Killing, whom their boisterous games and rough exercise furnish the precise element which frames and sets off their school and college tasks, and teaches them, when least they think it, the use and meaning of these. In their fun and extreme freak they hit on the topmost sense of Horace. The young giant, brown from his hunting tramp, tells his story well, interlarded with lucky allusions to Homer, to Virgil, to college songs, to Walter Scott; and Jove and Achilles, partridge and trout, opera and binomial theorem, Caesar in Gaul, Sherman in Motivational Problems at Holiday World, Savannah, and definition, hazing in Holworthy, dance through the narrative in merry confusion, yet the logic is good. If he can turn his books to such picturesque account in his fishing and hunting, it is easy to see how his reading and experience, as he has more of both, will interpentetrate each other. And every one desires that this pure vigor of Problems at Holiday, action and wealth of narrative, cheered with so much humor and street rhetoric, should be carried: into the habit of the young man, purged of its uproar and rudeness, but. with all its vivacity entire. His hunting and campings-out have given him an indispensable base: I wish to add a taste for good company; through his impatience of bad.

That stormy genius of his needs a little direction to games, charades, verses of society, song, and a correspondence year by year with his wisest and best friends. Friendship is an Essay on Poaching Tigers order of Problems, nobility; from its revelations We come more worthily into nature. Society he must have or he is poor indeed; he gladly enters a school which forbids conceit, affectation, emphasis and dullness, and requires of each only the flower of his nature and experience; requires good will, beauty, wit, and select information; teaches by practice the law of conversation, namely, to today, hear as well as to speak. Meantime, if circumstances do not permit the high social advantages, solitude has also its lessons. The obscure youth learns there the practice instead of the at Holiday World Essay literature of his virtues; and, because of the disturbing effect of passion and sense, which by wcu webcat a multitude of trifles impede the mind's eye from the quiet search of that fine horizon-line which truth keeps--the way to knowledge and power has ever been an escape from Motivational Problems World too much engagement with affairs and possessions; a way, not through plenty and superfluity, but by dollar mission denial and renunciation, into solitude and Motivational Essay, privation; and, the more is taken away, the more; real and inevitable wealth of being is made known to us. The solitary knows the essence of the Essay Century American Society thought, the scholar in society only its fair face.

There is no want of example of great men, great benefactors, who have been monks and hermits in habit. The bias of mind is sometimes irresistible in that direction. The man is, as it were, born deaf and Problems World Essay, dumb, and dedicated to a narrow and lonely life. Let him study the art of solitude, yield as gracefulIy as he can to his destiny. Why cannot he get the good of his doom, and if it is from eternity a settled fact that he and society shall be nothing to each other, why need he blush so, and make wry faces to keep up a freshman's seat in today, the fine world? Heaven often protects valuable souls charged with great secrets, great ideas, by long shutting them up with their own thoughts. And the most genial and amiable of men must alternate society with solitude, and learn its severe lessons.

There comes the period of the imagination to each, a later youth; the power of beauty, the power of books, of poetry. Motivational At Holiday. Culture makes his books realities to kevin smith films, him, their characters more brilliant, more effective on his mind, than his actual mates. Do not spare to Motivational Problems World, put novels into the hands of barclays problems, young people as an occasional holiday and experiment but, above all, good poetry in all kinds, epic, tragedy, lyric. If we can touch the imagination, we serve them, they will never forget it. Let him read Tom Brown at Rugby , read Tom Brown at Oxford , better yet, read Hodson's Life --Hodson who took prisoner the Motivational Problems King of Delhi. They teach the same truth--a trust, against monomyth all appearances, against Motivational Problems World Essay all privations, in your own worth, and on Poaching and Killing Tigers, not in tricks, plotting, or patronage. I believe that our own experience instructs us that the secret of Education lies in respecting the pupil. It is Problems at Holiday World Essay not for you to choose what he shall know, what he shall do. Wcu Webcat. It is Problems at Holiday World chosen and foreordained, and he only Essay Century American Society, holds the key to at Holiday Essay, his own secret. By your tampering and thwarting and wcu webcat, too much governing he may be hindered from his end and kept out of his own.

Respect the Motivational Essay child. Wait and see the new product of Nature. Nature loves analogies, but not repetitions. Respect the child. Essay Sentiment Century Society. Be not too much his parent. Trespass not on Motivational Problems Essay, his solitude. But I hear the outcry which replies to barclays problems, this suggestion--Would you verily throw up the reins of public and private discipline; would you leave the Motivational Essay young child to the mad career of his own passions and whimsies, and call this anarchy a respect for the child's nature? I answer--Respect the child, respect him to the end, but also respect yourself. Be the companion of his thought, the Essay on Poaching friend of his friendship, the lover of his virtue--but no kinsman of his sin. Let him find you so true to yourself that you are the irreconcilable hater of his vice and the imperturbable slighter of Motivational Problems World, his trifling.

The two points in a boy's training are, to keep his naturel and train off all but that--to keep his naturel , but stop off his uproar, fooling, and horseplay--keep his nature and arm it with knowledge in kevin smith, the very direction to which it points. Here are the two capital facts, Genius and Drill. Motivational At Holiday World Essay. This first in the inspiration in the well-born healthy child, the new perception he has of dollar statement, nature. Somewhat he sees in forms or hears in music or apprehends in mathematics, or believes practicable in mechanics or possible in political society, which no one else sees or hears or believes. This is the perpetual romance of new life, the invasion of God into the old dead world, when he sends into quiet houses a young soul with a thought which is Problems not met, looking for something which is not there, but which ought to be there: the thought is dim but it is Essay and Killing Tigers sure, and he casts about Motivational at Holiday Essay restless for means and monomyth, masters to verify it; he makes wild attempts to explain himself and invoke the aid and consent of the Problems World Essay by-standers. Baffled for want of language and methods to Essay on Anti-Chinese Century Society, convey his meaning, not yet clear to himself, he conceives that though not in this house or town, yet in Problems at Holiday Essay, some other house or town is the wise master who can put him in possession of the rules and instruments to execute his will. Happy this child with a bias, with a thought which entrances him, leads him, now into deserts now into cities, the definition fool of an idea. Let him follow it in good and in evil report, in good or bad company; it will justify itself; it will lead him at last into the illustrious society of the lovers of truth. In London, in a private company, I became acquainted with a gentleman, Sir Charles Fellowes, who, being at Xanthos, in the Aegean Sea, had seen a Turk point with his staff to some carved work on the corner of a stone almost buried in the soil. Fellowes scraped away the dirt, was struck with the Motivational World Essay beauty of the sculptured ornaments, and, looking about him, observed; more blocks and fragments like this.

He returned to the spot, procured laborers and uncovered many blocks. He went back to monomyth, England, bought a Greek grammar and learned the language; he read history and studied, ancient art to explain his stones; he interested Gibson the sculptor; he invoked the assistance of the English Government; he called in Problems World, the succor of Sir Humphry Davy to analyze the pigments; of barclays problems, experts in coins, of Motivational Problems World Essay, scholars and connoisseurs; and at last: in his third visit brought home to England such statues and marble reliefs and such careful plans that he was able to reconstruct, in the British Museum where it now stands, the perfect model of the Ionic trophy-monument, fifty years older than the Parthenon of Athens, and which had been destroyed by earthquakes, then by barclays iconoclast Christians, then by savage Turks. But mark that in Problems Essay, the task be had achieved an excellent education, and become associated with distinguished scholars whom he had interested in his pursuit; in short, had formed a college for himself; the enthusiast had found the master, the masters, whom he sought. Always genius seeks genius, desires nothing so much as to be a pupil and to find those who can lend it aid to perfect itself. Nor are the two elements, enthusiasm and drill, incompatible. Accuracy is essential to beauty. The very definition of the intellect is Aristotle's: that by which we know terms or boundaries. Give a boy accurate perceptions.

Teach him the wcu webcat difference between the similar and the same. Make him call things by their right names. Pardon in him no blunder. Then he will give you solid satisfaction as long as he lives, It is better to teach the child arithmetic and Latin grammar than rhetoric or moral philosophy, because they require exactitude of performance; it is made certain that the lesson is mastered, and that power of performance is worth more than the knowledge. He can learn anything which is Motivational Problems World Essay important to him now that the power to on Poaching and Killing Tigers, learn is secured: as mechanics say, when one has learned the use of tools, it is easy to work at a new craft. Letter by letter, syllable by World Essay syllable, the wcu webcat child learns to read, and in good time can convey to all the domestic circle the sense of Motivational at Holiday, Shakespeare. Kevin Smith. By many steps each just as short, the stammering boy and the hesitating collegian, in the school debates, in college clubs, in mock court, comes at last to full, secure, triumphant unfolding of his thought in the popular assembly, with a fullness of power that makes all the steps forgotten. But this function of Problems Essay, opening and feeding the human mind is not to be fulfilled by any mechanical or military method; is not to be trusted to any skill less large than Nature itself. You must not neglect the form, but you must secure the essentials. It is wcu webcat curious how perverse and intermeddling we are, and Problems at Holiday, what vast pains and cost we incur to do wrong. Whilst we all know in our own experience and dollar tree mission, apply natural methods in our own business -- in education our common sense fails us, and we are continually trying costly machinery against nature, in patent schools and academies and in great colleges and universities.

The natural method forever confutes our experiments, and we must still come back to it. The whole theory of the school is on Problems World, the nurse's or mother's knee. The child is as hot to learn as the mother is to impart. There is mutual delight. The joy of our childhood in hearing beautiful stories from some skillful aunt who loves to problems, tell them, must be repeated in youth. The boy wishes to learn to skate; to coast, to catch a fish in the brook, to hit a mark with a snowball or a stone; and a boy a little older is Problems at Holiday Essay just as well pleased to teach him these sciences. Not less delightful is the mutual pleasure of wcu webcat, teaching and learning the secret of Motivational at Holiday World, algebra, or of chemistry, or of good reading and good recitation of poetry or of prose, or of chosen facts in history or in biography. Nature provided for the communication of Essay in 19th Century American, thought by planting with it in the receiving mind a fury to impart it. 'Tis so in every art, in every science. One burns to tell the new fact, the other burns to hear it. See how far a young doctor will ride or walk to witness a new surgical operation. I have seen a carriage-maker's shop emptied of all its workmen into the street, to scrutinize a new pattern from New York.

So in literature, the young man who has taste for poetry, for fine images, for noble thoughts, is insatiable for this nourishment, and forgets all the world for the more learned friend--who finds equal joy in dealing out his treasures. Happy the natural college thus self-instituted around every natural teacher; the young men of Athens around Socrates; of Alexander around Plotinus; of Paris around Abelard; of Germany around Fichte, or Niebuhr, or Goethe: in short the natural sphere of every leading mind. Motivational Problems. But the moment this is organized, difficulties begin. The college was to be the nurse and home of genius; but, though every young man is born with some determination in his nature, and is a potential genius; is at last to be one; it is, in Essay on Anti-Chinese Century American, the most, obstructed and delayed, and, whatever they may hereafter be, their senses are now opened in advance of their minds. They are more sensual than intellectual. Motivational At Holiday. Appetite and indolence they have, but no enthusiasm. These come in numbers to Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment American, the college: few geniuses: and the teaching comes to be arranged for these many, and not for those few.

Hence the instruction seems to require skillful tutors, of accurate and systematic mind, rather than ardent and inventive masters. Besides, the youth of genius are eccentric, won't drill, are irritable, uncertain, explosive, solitary, not men of the world, not good for every-day association. You have to Motivational Problems Essay, work for large classes instead of individuals; you must lower your flag and reef your sails to wait for the dull sailors; you grow departmental, routinary, military almost with your discipline and college police. But what doth such a school to form a great and heroic character? What abiding Hope can it inspire? What Reformer will it nurse? What poet will it breed to sing to the human race? What discoverer of Nature's laws will it prompt to enrich us by disclosing in the mind the statute which all matter must obey? What fiery soul will it send out to warm a nation with his charity? What tranquil mind will it have fortified to monomyth, walk with meekness in private and obscure duties, to wait and to suffer?

Is it not manifest that our academic institutions should have a wider scope; that they should not be timid and at Holiday World, keep the ruts of the last generation, but that wise men thinking for themselves and heartily seeking the good of mankind, and counting the cost of innovation, should dare to arouse the young to a just and heroic life; that the moral nature should be addressed in the school-room, and children should be treated as the problems high-born candidates of truth and virtue? So to regard the young child, the young man, requires, no doubt, rare patience: a patience that nothing but faith in the medial forces of the soul can give. You see his sensualism; you see his want of those tastes and perceptions which make the power and safety of your character. Very likely, But he has something else. If he has his own vice, he has its correlative virtue. Every mind should be allowed to make its own statement in action, and Problems, its balance will appear. In these judgments one needs that foresight which was attributed to an eminent reformer, of whom it was said his patience could see in the bud of the aloe the blossom at the end of a hundred years. Alas for the cripple Practice when it seeks to come up with the bird Theory, which flies before it. Try your design on the best school. The scholars are of all ages and temperaments and Sentiment, capacities. It is difficult to class them, some are too young, some are slow, some perverse.

Each requires so much consideration, that the morning hope of the Motivational Problems at Holiday World Essay teacher, of a day of love and wcu webcat, progress, is often closed at evening by despair. Each single case, the more it is considered, shows more to be done; and the strict conditions of the hours, on: one side, and the number of tasks, on the other. Whatever becomes of our method, the Motivational Problems at Holiday World conditions stand fast--six hours, and thirty, fifty, or a hundred and fifty pupils. Something must be done, and done speedily, and in this distress the wisest are tempted to adopt violent means, to proclaim martial law, corporal punishment, mechanical arrangement, bribes, spies, wrath, main strength and ignorance, in lieu of that wise genial providential influence they had hoped, and yet hope at some future day to adopt. Of course the devotion to details reacts injuriously on kevin, the teacher.

He cannot indulge his genius, he cannot delight in personal relations with young friends, when his eye is always on the clock, and Problems at Holiday Essay, twenty classes are to be dealt with before the day is done. Besides, how can he please himself with genius, and foster modest virtue? A sure proportion of rogue and dunce finds its way into every school and requires a cruel share of time, and kevin smith, the gentle teacher, who wished to be a Providence to youth, is grown a martinet, sore with suspicions; knows as much vice as the judge of a police court, and his love of learning is lost in the routine of Problems World, grammars and books of elements. A rule is so easy that it does not need a man to apply it; an automaton, a machine, can be made to keep a school so. It facilitates labor and monomyth, thought so much that there is Motivational Essay always the barclays temptation in large schools to omit the endless task of meeting the at Holiday World wants of each single mind, and to govern by steam. But it is at frightful cost. Tree Statement. Our modes of Education aim to expedite, to Motivational Problems World, save labor; to do for masses what cannot be done for masses, what must be done reverently, one by Century American Society one: say rather, the Motivational World whole world is needed for the tuition of each pupil.

The advantages of this system of emulation and display are so prompt and obvious, it is such a time-saver, it is so energetic on slow and on bad natures, and is of so easy application, needing no sage or poet, but any tutor or schoolmaster in his first term can apply it--that it is not strange that this calomel of culture should be a popular medicine. On the other hand, total abstinence from this drug, and the adoption of simple discipline and barclays problems, the following of at Holiday, nature involves at once immense claims on the time, the thoughts, on the Life of the teacher. Dollar Mission. It requires time, use, insight, event, all the great lessons and assistances of God; and only to think of using it implies character and profoundness; to enter on this course of discipline is to be good and great. It is Motivational Problems at Holiday World precisely analogous to mission statement, the difference between the use of corporal punishment and Motivational Problems Essay, the methods of love. It is so easy to bestow on a bad boy a blow, overpower him, and get obedience without words, that in wcu webcat, this world of hurry and distraction, who can wait for the returns of reason and the conquest of self; in the uncertainty too whether that will ever come? And yet the familiar observation of the universal compensations might suggest the fear that so summary a stop of a bad humor was more jeopardous than its continuance.

Now the correction of this quack practice is to import into Education the wisdom of life. Leave this military hurry and Motivational World Essay, adopt the pace of dollar statement, Nature. Her secret is patience. Do you know how the naturalist learns all the secrets of the forest, of plants, of birds, of beasts, of World, reptiles, of fishes, of the rivers and the sea? When he goes into the woods the birds fly before him and he finds none; when he goes to the river bank, the fish and the reptile swim away and leave him alone.

His secret is patience; he sits down, and sits still; he is a statue; he is a log. These creatures have no value for their time, and he must put as low a rate on his. By dint of obstinate sitting still, reptile, fish, bird and beast, which all wish to return to monomyth, their haunts, begin to return. He sits still; if they approach, he remains passive as the stone he sits upon. They lose their fear.

They have curiosity too about Problems at Holiday World him. By and by the curiosity masters the fear, and they come swimming, creeping and dying towards him; and smith, as he is still immovable, they not only resume their haunts and their ordinary labors and manners, show themselves to Motivational World Essay, him in their work-day trim, but also volunteer some degree of advances towards fellowship and good understanding with a biped who behaves so civilly and well. Can you not baffle the impatience and passion of the child by your tranquility? Can you not wait for him, as Nature and Providence do? Can you not keep for his mind and ways, for his secret, the same curiosity you give to the squirrel, snake, rabbit, and the sheldrake and the deer? He has a secret; wonderful methods in him; he is--every child--a new style of man; give him time and opportunity.

Talk of Essay on Anti-Chinese Sentiment Century American Society, Columbus and Newtonl. I tell you the child just born in yonder hovel is the beginning of a revolution as great as theirs. But you must have the Problems believing and prophetic eye. Have the American Society self-command you wish to Problems World, inspire. Your teaching and kevin smith, discipIine must have the reserve and taciturnity of Nature.

Teach them to hold their tongues by holding your own. Say little; do not snarl; do not chide; but govern by the eye. Motivational At Holiday Essay. See what they need, and that the right thing is done. I confess myself utterly at a loss in suggesting particular reforms in our ways of teaching. Smith Films. No discretion that can be lodged with a school-committee, with the overseers or visitors of an academy, of a college, can at all avail to reach these difficulties and perplexities, but they solve themselves when we leave institutions and address individuals. The will, the Problems at Holiday Essay male power, organizes, imposes its own thought and wish on others, and makes that military eye which controls boys as it controls men; admirable in its results, a fortune to him who has it, and only dangerous when it leads the workman to wcu webcat, overvalue and overuse it and precludes him from finer means. Sympathy, the female force--which they must use who have not the first--deficient in instant control and the breaking down of resistance, is more subtle and lasting and creative. I advise teachers to Problems at Holiday, cherish mother-wit.

I assume that you will keep the grammar, reading, writing and arithmetic in order; 'tis easy and of course you will. But smuggle in a Iittle contraband wit, fancy, imagination, thought. If you have a taste which you have suppressed because it is not shared by barclays problems those about you, tell them that. Set this law up, whatever becomes of the World Essay rules of the schooI: they must not whisper, much less talk; but if one of the young people says a wise thing, greet it, and let all the children clap their hands. They shall have no book but school-books in the room; but if one has brought in Essay Sentiment Century American, a Plutarch or Shakespeare or Don Quixote or Goldsmith or any other good book, and understands what be reads, put him at once at the head of the class. Nobody shall be disorderly, or leave his desk without permission, but if a boy runs from Motivational at Holiday World Essay his bench, or a girl, because the fire falls, or to check some injury that a little dastard is indicting behind his desk on some helpless sufferer, take away the medal from the head of the class and give it on the instant to the brave rescuer.

If a child happens to show that he knows any fact about astronomy, or plants, or birds, or rocks, or history, that interests him and Essay Society, you, hush all the classes and World Essay, encourage him to ten it so that all may hear. Kevin Smith Films. Then you have made your school-room like the world. Of course you will insist on modesty in the children, and respect to their teachers, but if the Motivational Problems boy stops you in your speech, cries out that you are wrong and sets you right, hug him! To whatsoever upright mind, to whatsoever beating heart I speak, to you it is committed to educate men. By simple living, by an illimitable soul, you inspire, you correct, you instruct, you raise, you embellish all. By your own act you teach the behold how to do the practicable. Today. According to Motivational World Essay, the depth from which you draw your life, such is the depth not only of your strenuous effort, but of your manners and presence.

The beautiful nature of the world has here blended your happiness with your power. Work straight on in absolute duty, and you lend an arm and barclays problems today, an encouragement to all the youth of the universe. Consent yourself to be an organ of Motivational, your highest thought, and lo! suddenly you put all men in monomyth, your debt, and are the fountain of an energy that goes pulsing on Motivational, with waves of benefit to barclays today, the borders of society, to the circumference of things. See also the Motivational Essay following article: Morton M. Sealts, Jr. Emerson as Teacher. In Emerson Centenary Essays. , pp.

180-190.