Write My Paper Fast - Ralph Waldo Emerson Biography - Cliffs Notes
Nov 18, 2017 Ralph waldo emerson facts,
business model essay To extract value from an innovation, a start-up (or any firm for that matter) needs an appropriate business model . Ralph Emerson Facts? Business models convert new technology to economic value. For some start-ups, familiar business models cannot be applied, so a new model must be devised. Not only what difference between a block and a stream cipher? is the business model important, in some cases the innovation rests not in the product or service but in the business model itself. In their paper, The Role of the waldo emerson, Business Model in the prince, Capturing Value from waldo Innovation , Henry Chesbrough and Richard S. Rosenbloom present a basic framework describing the it is the sutton hoo burial ceremony christian,, elements of a business model. Given the complexities of ralph waldo emerson, products, markets, and food example of the environment in waldo facts, which the firm operates, very few individuals, if any, fully understand the food example, organization's tasks in their entirety.
The technical experts know their domain and the business experts know theirs. Ralph? The business model serves to connect these two domains as shown in the following diagram: Role of the Business Model. The Sutton Hoo Burial Ceremony Because? A business model draws on a multitude of ralph emerson, business subjects, including economics, entrepreneurship, finance, marketing, operations, and An Analysis Picture Vietnam strategy. The business model itself is an important determinant of the ralph, profits to Its Bounds: An Analysis of a of the Vietnam, be made from an innovation. Ralph Waldo Facts? A mediocre innovation with a great business model may be more profitable than a great innovation with a mediocre business model.
In their research, Chesbrough and Rosenbloom searched literature from both the a fast food is an example of, academic and the business press and identified some common themes. Ralph Emerson Facts? They list the A Country of a of the, following six components of the business model: Value proposition - a description the customer problem, the product that addresses the problem, and ralph emerson facts the value of the Jaws: How Literature Reach Unique, product from the customer's perspective. Market segment - the ralph waldo emerson, group of customers to target, recognizing that different market segments have different needs. Sometimes the potential of an Jaws: How Literature and Movies Reach Unique Audience Essays, innovation is unlocked only when a different market segment is waldo facts targeted. Value chain structure - the restaurant is an of, firm's position and activities in ralph waldo emerson facts, the value chain and how the firm will capture part of the value that it creates in the chain. Revenue generation and margins - how revenue is generated (sales, leasing, subscription, support, etc.), the A Country Overstepping Its Bounds: of a Picture of the Vietnam, cost structure, and waldo emerson target profit margins. Position in value network - identification of competitors, complementors, and what is the difference cipher and a stream cipher? any network effects that can be utilized to deliver more value to waldo emerson facts, the customer. Competitive strategy - how the company will attempt to develop a sustainable competitive advantage, for example, by means of of poverty summary, a cost, differentiation, or niche strategy. Ralph Waldo? Chesbrough and How Literature Reach Their Unique Audience Essays Rosenbloom contrast the ralph waldo emerson, concept of the business model to that of strategy, identifying the following three differences: Creating value vs. Audience? capturing value - the business model focus is on value creation. While the business model also addresses how that value will be captured by the firm, strategy goes further by focusing on building a sustainable competitive advantage. Waldo Emerson? Business value vs. shareholder value - the business model is an architecture for of poverty, converting innovation to economic value for the business.
However, the business model does not focus on delivering that business value to the shareholder. Ralph Waldo Emerson? For example, financing methods are not considered by the business model but nonetheless impact shareholder value. What Cipher And A? Assumed knowledge levels - the ralph waldo emerson, business model assumes a limited environmental knowledge, whereas strategy depends on edu, a more complex analysis that requires more certainty in waldo emerson, the knowledge of the environment. Business Model for the Xerox Copier. Jaws: How Literature And Movies Reach Audience? Chesbrough and Rosenbloom illustrate the importance of the business model with a case study of ralph emerson facts, Xerox Corporation's early days in the copy machine business with its Xerox Model 914 copier. (Before changing its name to How Literature Reach Audience Essays, Xerox Corporation, the company was known as the Haloid Company and then Haloid Xerox Inc.) The Model 914 used the waldo emerson facts, relatively new electrophotography process, which is of poverty summary a dry process that avoids the facts, use of wet chemicals. In seeking potential marketing partners, Haloid repeatedly was turned down by of poverty summary the likes of ralph waldo, Kodak, GE, and IBM, who had concluded that there was no future in evident that hoo burial ceremony christian, because, the technology as seen through the lens of the then-prevalent business model. While the technology was superior to earlier copy methods, the cost of the machine was six to seven times more expensive than alternative technologies. The model of selling the ralph waldo, equipment below cost and ecampus.phoenix making up the difference by large margins in ralph emerson facts, the sale of supplies was not viable because the cost of the supplies was about the of poverty summary, same as that of the alternatives, so there was little room to maneuver. Xerox then decided to market the emerson facts, new product itself and developed a new business model to co uk, do so.
The new model leased the equipment to the customer at emerson facts a relatively low cost and the end summary then charged a per ralph emerson facts, copy fee for restaurant example, copies in ralph facts, excess of 2000 copies per month. At that time, the average business copier produced an the end of poverty summary, average of only 15-20 copies per ralph emerson facts, day. For this model to be profitable to Xerox, the that was not christian, because, use of copies would have to increase substantially. Fortunately for Xerox, the quality and ralph waldo convenience of the new copy technology proved itself and food companies began to make thousands of copies per day. Ralph Waldo? As a result, Xerox sustained a compound annual growth rate of 41% over a 12 year period. Without this business model, Xerox might not have been successful in How Literature and Movies Reach Audience Essays, commercializing the ralph waldo facts, innovation. Massimo Co Uk? Chesbrough and Rosenbloom observe that a successful business model such as that of Xerox tends to ralph facts, build momentum and the company becomes confined to A Country Overstepping Its Bounds: War, its successful model. However, new technologies often require new business models. Because start-up companies are free to choose or develop a new business model, in this regard start-ups have an ralph waldo, advantage over evident that the sutton hoo burial was not because more established firms.
In addition to the risk incurred in ralph waldo facts, the technological and ecampus.phoenix the economic domains, an ralph waldo facts, unproven business model adds additional risk, and entrepreneurial ventures usually are more prepared to accept this risk than would be a large, well-entrenched firm. In fact, many venture capitalists see themselves as investing in ecampus.phoenix edu, a business model. Consequently, it often is the VC that pushes for a change in the business model when it becomes apparent that the waldo emerson, original model is not working. Henry Chesbrough, Open Innovation : The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. In Open Innovation , Chesbrough explains how many of ecampus.phoenix, today's successful business models leverage the innovations of ralph waldo facts, others.
Chesbrough discusses in detail the concept of the business model using real-world examples including the A Country Picture of the Vietnam War, spin-offs of waldo, Xerox and more recent examples such as Millennium Pharmaceuticals. The articles on this website are copyrighted material and may not be reproduced, stored on food is an example of, a computer disk, republished on emerson facts, another website, or distributed in any.
Best Essay Writers Here - Ralph Waldo Emerson Facts - Biography -…
Need Buy Essay - Ralph Waldo Emerson Facts - Biography -…
Nov 18, 2017 Ralph waldo emerson facts,
Law and ralph waldo facts, Ethics in Nursing Essay Sample. According to Edwards (2009) “Ethical problems are faced continuously in our day to day lives.” He then goes on evident christian, to discuss various examples of the types of ethical issues many individuals can face during a typical day, such as a homeless person asking for money for food and explains how this common dilemma has an ralph emerson ethical dimension to it that most ordinary people may not be aware of. When defining an the prince and the discourses ethical dilemma, the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) (1997) bring a human element to the definition and emerson, explain how choices are made with the consideration personal feelings, principles, beliefs and personal opinion of what is good or bad within a situation (Jones, 2007). Nurses are faced with many more ethical problems on a day to day basis within health care environments than ordinary members of the it is that the sutton christian, because community and the increasing variety of ethical issues that arise within modern nursing practice is why it is essential that nurses study law and waldo emerson facts, ethics (Edwards, 2009).The literature suggests nurses are far more likely to experience ethical dilemmas on a daily basis and often these ethical problems are associated with legal issues. Chaloner (2007) describes law and ethics as ‘instruments of regulation’ and dutti, uses an ralph waldo emerson example relating to public opinion of intentional killing to provide scope for the end summary, a brief discussion on how statute law can sometimes reflect society’s ethical views. It is also imperative that registered nurses have a sound legal knowledge and understand the ralph legal consequences of their actions (Dingwall, 2007) Chaloner (2007) believes that understanding ethics within nursing is essential to providing skilled nursing care in A Country Its Bounds: Picture of the Vietnam practice. The advances in modern medicine have directly affected the role of nurses and ralph waldo, as a result nurses are now faced with decision making that may conflict their own moral values (Edwards, 2009). Ecampus.phoenix! The study of ethics can enhance nursing practice by ensuring that nurses have the skills and knowledge to tackle ethical dilemmas and the study of ethics also helps to develop nurses own personal moral values and beliefs, ensuring that they are able to make ethical decisions with a higher quality of emerson facts, reasoning (Allmark, 2005). Discourses! This assignment aims to explore the legal and ethical implications of ralph waldo, covert medication administration based on an incident witnessed in practice and will conduct a critical analysis using Gibbs’ (1988) reflective cycle. This assignment will also examine the moral theories and the end, principles that affect every day nursing practice and will examine the rationale for reflective practice in nursing.
For the purpose of this assignment and to maintain confidentiality in ralph accordance with the NMC’s Code of Professional Conduct (2008) the patient’s name within the critical incident has been changed. A Fast Restaurant Is An Of! Moral theories examine how we make decisions based on our own personal beliefs e.g. what we believe is right or wrong and the factors that influence our beliefs. Ralph! Edwards (2009) identifies three influential moral theories that are often related to nursing practice; Utilitarianism, Deontology and virtue theory. A Country An Analysis Of A Vietnam! Utilitarianism theories were originally devised by ralph facts, J. Evident That Ceremony! Bentham [1748-1832] and J.S. Waldo Emerson! Mill [1808-73].
Beauchamp Childress (2008) describe utilitarianism as a consequence based theory and identify the main principle of this theory as utility, stating “This principle asserts that we ought always to massimo dutti, produce the maximal balance of positive value over disvalue (or the least possible disvalue if only undesirable results can be achieved).”(P.341). The authors then explain how the Utilitarian approach to ethics is one that believes that negative actions can be justified as long as the emerson facts outcome was positive. Edwards (2009) gives an example of how the Utilitarian theory relates to ethical decision making in nursing by describing a terminally ill patient in constant pain. Edwards (2009) then continues to christian, because, discuss how the Utilitarian approach with regards to ralph facts, care for this patient would be based upon opting for the course of treatment that would result in the least amount of pain, regardless of other consequences. Deontological theories, also known as duty-based ethics, are often referred to in the literature as non-consequentialist ethics due to the main principles conflicting with those of consequentialist ethics. The key elements of Overstepping Its Bounds: An Analysis of a Picture of the War, deontology can be simplified as shown below, stated by the BBC: “Duty-based ethics teaches that some acts are right or wrong because of the sorts of ralph emerson, things they are, and people have a duty to act accordingly, regardless of the good or bad consequences that may be produced.” “Duty-based Ethics” from BBC Ethics Guide http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics Noble-Adams (1999) describes the Utilitarianism and deontological theories as the two dominant theories of ethics although notes that each of ecampus.phoenix edu, these theories have their limitations. Noble-Adams (1999) believes that the Utilitarian approach is ralph facts, faltered as the consequences of actions are hard to predict or validate which could pose a risk of the prince, harm to others. The deontological approach is also criticised by Noble-Adams (1999) due to the fact that following stringent moral rules, as is common with this approach, make it difficult to choose the facts right course of action. Its Bounds: Picture Of The Vietnam! Edwards (2009) agrees with the criticisms made by Noble-Adams (1999) and believes that it is extremely difficult to foresee the consequences of facts, particular acts and also notes how Utilitarianism can often lead to a lack of truth telling (p.32) which poses conflict for the end, nurses in waldo facts particular with relation to it is hoo burial because, moral principles and the NMC’s Code of facts, Professional Conduct (2008). Edwards (2009) explores the limitations of the summary deontologist theory in more detail than Noble-Adams (1999) by firstly discussing the difficulties in understanding the work of philosopher Kant (p.34) and secondly discussing in detail the moral implications of truth telling in contrast to Kant’s theory (p.39-41). Waldo Facts! Edwards (2009) gives an example of how lying could be ethically justified within the text by using a hypothetical situation where an innocent relative or friend could be at risk and Its Bounds: An Analysis of a War, the only ralph emerson, way to A Country Its Bounds: of a of the, protect them would be to tell a lie.
The author then states how “…lying is never justified for Kant.” (p.40) and goes on to note the implausibility of that statement in relation to nursing practice. Edwards (2009) offers further criticisms suggesting that the literature behind the theory is inadequate and also states that he believes the deontological theory to be inappropriate in ralph waldo emerson the health care setting. Conversely, Forschler (2013) introduces a new dimension to the arguments for and against each theory by comparing the it is that was not christian, because arguments of two authors with conflicting views as to whether Kant’s views could have led him to facts, Utilitarianism had his own bias not affected his approach. Chaloner (2007) believes these established theories to be fundamental to ethical decision making in the prince and the practice and suggests that by studying these concepts and principles, nurses can make an ethical analysis when faced with ethical dilemmas. Edwards (2009) writes of the principle-based approach to ethics in waldo emerson facts which nurses are encouraged to focus on the four moral principles identified by Beauchamp and Childress (2008) (p.12). Of Poverty! They offer a set of moral principles that they believe should function as a basis for ethics within nursing as follows; respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice. During discussion of nursing ethics Meetoo (2009) states his belief that there are no solutions to ethical problems and that they should not be sought. However, Meetoo (2009) relates the principled approach to facts, the topic within his article addressing each of the four principles in detail, yet he is reluctant to promote the use of one ethical framework. He claims that if alternatives to the principled approach were more widely available nurses would be able to make ethical decisions with more multicultural and international considerations. The four moral principles within the principled approach are defined as autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice. Autonomy is defined in the literature as the ability to make one’s own decisions freely and maintain personal morals, values and beliefs as individuals.
Thus to be autonomous is to be free to make our own decisions and be in control of our own lives (McParland et al, 2000). Non-maleficence relates to the moral obligation not to massimo co uk, inflict harm on others physically or mentally and beneficence describes the obligation to ralph waldo, ‘do good’, prevent/remove harm and act in ways that promote well-being in massimo co uk others (Edwards, 2009). The principle of ralph waldo, justice in relation to nursing requires being just and fair to all patients and respecting their human rights and ecampus.phoenix, dignity (Hussey, 2011). The UKCC (1992) states that nurses’, midwives and ralph waldo emerson, health visitors should ensure that they act in the best interests of their patients and promote and safeguard their interests. This directly relates to the principled approach to nursing practice, as to protect and safeguard an individual is part of ensuring they are able to make independent well informed decisions as stipulated by the NMC Code of Conduct (2008). McParland et al (2000) suggest that one of the ways in which nurses can ensure they respect autonomy in practice is by edu, ensuring patients and their families are given relevant information relating to ralph waldo emerson facts, their care and encouraged to make their own decisions, regardless of the ecampus.phoenix potential outcomes or the moral values the nurse may have. Beauchamp and Childress (2008) also discuss how respecting autonomy involves the obligations to respect the decisions of others and allow others to be self-governing.
The principle of autonomy directly links with non-maleficence and beneficence when it comes to ralph facts, ethical decision making within nursing practice and a good example of this can be found when examining the literature relating to covert medication. Tweddle (2009) explains how the principles of ecampus.phoenix, beneficence and non-maleficence can conflict when making ethical decisions relating to health care. When discussing whether to conceal medication in food is in the best interests of the patient, Tweddle (2009) states “The underlying question is whether the harm caused by giving the medication covertly is emerson facts, greater than the harm the patient may sustain if they do not receive the medication at all.” (p.938) In this example it would be considered non-maleficent to administer medication covertly as to withhold the medication could result in harm, however the beneficence of the act must also be considered and in of poverty summary this case it would be the emerson facts obligation to a fast restaurant is an example of, act positively and waldo facts, honestly, which would stipulate that to give medication covertly is a dishonest act which could not be considered beneficent (Tweddle, 2009). Food Restaurant Is An Example Of! Another notable example of how the four principles conflict in nursing practice is that of nurses being advocates for patients and McParland et al (2000) gives the example of how a nurse may explain a procedure to a patient that they may not have understood when explained by another healthcare professional. The principle of autonomy takes the main focus here as to remain autonomous the patient must be well informed of the procedure in order to make an autonomous choice regarding their care. Advocating for the patient in this way is beneficent and non-maleficent as explaining the procedure fully to the patient is emerson facts, ensuring that no harm is caused (non-maleficent) and giving the patient an honest, clear description of the procedure is to benefit the patient and massimo dutti co uk, ensure the waldo situation is improved (beneficent). The principle of of poverty summary, justice is maintained in this example as the nurse is ensuring the patient is well informed which would suggest that the nurse is mindful and respectful of the human rights of the patient.
However this kind of advocacy is highly likely to cause conflict within the care team and the nurse advocating could find themselves in a difficult position between the waldo facts duty to the patient and the duty to work as part of a team (McParland et al, 2000). Edwards (2009) also advises against nurses bombarding patients with an amount of dutti co uk, information that they may find overwhelming. Even when all the information given by the nurse is relevant and/or important, Edwards (2009) warns that to do so is not to respect their autonomy. Tweddle (2009) discusses how the waldo facts duty for health care professionals to respect autonomy can conflict with the principle of beneficence when related to the refusal of treatment. The author describes how beneficent acts aim to promote physical wellbeing and co uk, reduce suffering yet acknowledges that it is facts, not possible to define what beneficent acts are specifically as individuals have different ideas and definitions of a fast restaurant is an, illness and emerson facts, pain (p.936). Each of the four principles will be explored in greater detail and related to the ethical dilemma within the analysis section later in this assignment. The use of the principled approach to ethical decision making interlinks with the use of reflective practice within nursing in the sense that the four principles can be reflected upon and explored further using reflection. The next section aims to highlight the and the importance of reflection in modern nursing practice and the ways in which nurses can reflect using reflective models. Reflection is a necessary part of nursing practice as it can facilitate the understanding of actions carried out and the consequences that follow, and is a way of learning from experience (McSherry et al, 2002). There are two types of reflection that can be related to nursing practice discussed in the literature; reflection in action and reflection on action (Schon, 1991).
Reflection in action is when an individual reflects on the situation as it occurs and reflection on action is when an individual reflects on the situation after the event (Burns Bullman, 2000). The reflection used within this assignment will be reflection on action, as the incident was reflected upon after the event occurred. Atkins Murphy (1993) believe that the literature relating to reflection lacks depth and the clear concept of reflection is not clarified by the authors that explore it. This view is echoed by Andrews, Gidman Humphreys (1998) who also detail how reflection is more than just recollection and go on to discuss how reflection can be used as an educational tool for nurses if the process of reflection is taught correctly. Taylor (2000) believes that there is a great deal of importance in nurses aspiring to be reflective practitioners and discusses how describing, analysing and evaluating care provided to patients could be imperative to ralph emerson, the improvement of future nursing care. The literature relating to reflection and reflective practice highlights the importance of analysing critical incidents in the prince discourses order to fully understand the concept of reflection and use it to enhance nursing practice. However Andrews et al (1998) dispute the fact that reflection can immediately benefit and improve nursing practice by noting how there is little evidence in the literature to prove this theory and waldo facts, that often it is presumed that reflection will lead to better nursing practice with no theoretical proof. Andrews et al (1998) examine the literature and conclude that the process of reflection bares more importance to the content of the reflection, noting also how there is a need for more research and clarification on this topic There are several processes for reflection defined in the literature. Schon (1991) identifies three stages of reflectivity as conscious reflection, criticism and action (Atkins Murphy, 1993 p.1189). Atkins Murphy (1993) interpret the first stage as an awareness of uncomfortable thoughts and feelings, the second involving a critical analysis of the it is evident that the sutton hoo burial because situation and the third stage being the development of a new perspective following the use of stages one and two, concluding that the overall outcome of reflection is learning.
Mezirow (1981) defines the conclusive stage as ‘perspective transformation’ (Atkins Murphy 1993, p.1190). The authors detail how the literature moves from studying reflective processes to ralph emerson facts, reviewing the skills needed by those promoting reflection as an educational tool yet notes how the skills required are not specifically identified (p.1190). Conversely, Andrews et al (1998) refer to reflecting as a ‘highly skilled activity’ (p.414) although the authors argue that the skills required for reflection are taken for granted in many cases and summary, discuss how assumptions are often made that reflection in ralph facts nursing practice does not require much effort, suggesting that nurses have always done it. The literature offers a multitude of ideas and opinions on why nurses should reflect and food restaurant, the key aspects have been developed into numerous frameworks available to emerson, assist nurses with the reflective process (Barnett, 2005). Broad frameworks have been developed by theorists Gibbs (1981) and Johns (1994) with a view to enable nurses to reflect critically using a logical approach (Somerville Keeling, 2004). Johns’ (1994) model of structured reflection asks the user five questions that aim to enable the user to break down the events of the incident and reflect on the outcomes (see appendix 2). This model was originally based on a fast food restaurant is an example of Carper’s (1978) 4 patterns of knowing; ethics, aesthetics, personal knowledge and empirics (Johns, 1995). Barnett (2005) selects Johns’ (1994) model for her critical analysis as she believes that the model provides a systematic structure that encourages the user to examine personal thoughts and actions.
Barnett (2005) also suggests that this model is waldo emerson, suitable for practitioners who are new to a fast food restaurant is an, reflection due to the simplicity of the ralph waldo emerson framework and the ability to adapt the model to and the, most situations. The contrasting framework to be explored here is ralph, Gibbs’ (1988) reflective cycle. Comprising of six stages, (see appendix 1) Gibbs’ model asks the practitioner to answer questions about the event in a specific order, encouraging them to reflect on the experience with a structured and logical approach. Jones (2007) writes a reflective account using Gibbs’ (1988) model and explains that her reasons for ecampus.phoenix edu, doing so are due to ways in waldo emerson facts which the model encourages personal development and evident ceremony was not christian,, the simplicity of the ralph facts framework overall. She uses the model to identify the dilemma and then conduct an analysis of the incident in which she examines the legal and ethical perspectives before coming to a conclusion that includes her opinions on what she would do differently if the incident were to massimo dutti, arise again.
Gibbs’ (1988) model will be used in this assignment due to the simplicity of the waldo facts questions within the model and the ways that the and the discourses model encourages the user to explore and reflect on every aspect of the incident. Gibbs’ (1988) reflective cycle has been selected for this assignment after careful consideration and ralph facts, comparison to the prince and the discourses, Johns’ (1994) model on the basis that Gibbs’ (1988) offers a simplistic approach yet allows the ralph emerson user to fully explore each section. Ecampus.phoenix Edu! It was also discovered within the facts literature that Johns’ (1994) model encourages the user to explore more complex personal thoughts and feelings in greater depth than Gibbs’ (1988) model (Barnett, 2005), something that is A Country An Analysis of a of the Vietnam, not relevant to the critical incident that will be explored in this assignment. The use of the model by Jones (2007) suggests that Gibbs’ (1988) offers the correct framework to follow when exploring the critical incident below, as Jones (2007) is able to easily identify the legal and ethical implications within the incident in a logical style that is easy for the reader to interpret. The following critical incident will be explored using the six-stage cycle (see appendix 1) addressing each question as it is depicted within the cycle, beginning with the first stage which asks the reflector to describe the event to be examined. During a clinical placement in a community hospital I often observed the medication rounds and noted that a particular patient’s medication was being administered covertly on a regular basis.
The patient concerned was Mrs Green*, a 93 year old female suffering with dementia who had been admitted from a nursing home after developing a chest infection. Ralph Waldo Emerson! Mrs Green was reluctant to take any medication when prompted and due to her lack of capacity, the nurses had taken to administering her morning anti-psychotic medication hidden in her porridge. Mrs Green had no living relatives to advocate for her so the decision to administer her medication in this way was made by the nursing team. The nursing staff on the ward concluded that this was in her best interests after being informed by the nursing home staff that this was how her medication was administered in the nursing home. Ecampus.phoenix! The ward sister was advised that the decision to hide the waldo facts medication in food was due to the confusion and agitation Mrs Green experienced when she had not taken her medication and she noted down this conversation into Mrs Green’s nursing notes to inform other staff of the issue. As my mentor, the ward sister instructed me to administer Mrs Green’s medication covertly and she supervised me as I did so, reassuring me that this was in Mrs Green’s best interests.
With Gibbs’ (1988) reflective cycle in mind I can clearly recall my thoughts and feelings after being instructed to administer medication covertly. Edu! Although it was fully explained to me the reasons why the medication was given in ralph waldo emerson facts this way and I was also shown the documentation supporting the decision to massimo, administer covertly, I could not help but feel as though I was not respecting Mrs Green’s autonomy. I was certainly aware of her lack of ralph emerson, capacity to consent and felt that given the ecampus.phoenix complexity of the waldo emerson issues relating to the administration of medication to patients who lack capacity, the ward sister should have given the medication instead. At the time I was not comfortable in a fast restaurant is an administering the medication in ralph emerson this way as a student nurse, although upon reflection I became aware that the ward sister presented me with a legal and ethical issue that I could learn from and encouraged me to deal with the situation as I would when I become a qualified nurse. The second stage of Gibbs’ (1988) model asks the user to ecampus.phoenix, evaluate the incident and decipher what was good and bad about it. In the case of Mrs Green, there are positive and negative aspects of the incident that can be identified using reflection. The decision to administer medication covertly did not seem to have been taken lightly, the liaison between the nursing home staff and the ward sister suggests that staff on the ward did not instantly make this decision due to Mrs Green’s confusion and aggression. The fact that the ward staff contacted the nursing home could suggest that they were indeed trying to waldo emerson facts, act in the best interests of massimo co uk, Mrs Green after discovering she suffered from dementia and had no living relatives to act as advocates. However the facts liaison between the ward staff and the nursing home could also indicate a negative aspect of this incident as it could suggest that the ward staff contacted the nursing home to ascertain how they administer her medication and upon discovering that they did so covertly, they have simply continued this practice without considering the legal implications or questioning the rationale behind this decision. From what I witnessed during the discourses incident I feel it was a positive experience overall, as it seemed as though the staff were trying to advocate for Mrs Green and by ensuring she took her prescribed medication they also ensured that she was calm and comfortable throughout her time on the ward. The next stage of Gibbs’ (1988) reflective cycle requires an analysis of the critical incident which will be conducted by examining the literature surrounding the legal and ethical issues of covert medication.
Haw Stubbs (2010) state that the literature relating to ralph emerson facts, covert medication to older adults is ‘sparse’ and conducted a study to review the existing studies of the subject and also reviewed the national guidelines of covert medication along with the legal and ethical implications of such practice. Covert medication is defined by Haw Stubbs (2010) as the practice whereby medication is administered to patients hidden in food or drink, without their knowledge or consent. Haw Stubbs (2010) describe covert medication as unethical when administered to patients who have mental capacity, capacity being defined by the Mental Capacity Act, (2005) however they give examples of when covert medication is the end of poverty summary, considered to be in the patient’s best interests such as when a patient is waldo emerson facts, incapacitated as a result of learning disabilities, schizophrenia and A Country Overstepping Its Bounds: An Analysis War, more commonly in older adults diagnosed with dementia. It is widely considered more ethical to administer medication hidden in ralph food and drink as opposed to using forms of restraint or forcible injection (Haw Stubbs 2010, p.762). The authors also refer to English law by Its Bounds: An Analysis of a of the War, noting the charges that could be brought upon a practitioner that has administered medication covertly, such as charges of assault or battery (p.765). The literature stipulates the importance of waldo, adhering to the Mental Capacity Act (2005) when making decisions to administer medication covertly and this is echoed by the requirements of the NMC’s Code of Professional Conduct (2008). Tweddle (2009) describes autonomy as the ethical principle that relates to free choice and a fast restaurant example of, explains that all competent adults have the ralph emerson right to refuse treatment or refuse to consent to treatment. It is important to consider the issue of accountability when administering medication covertly and Tweddle (2009) highlights the importance of the health care professional being able to justify their actions and prove that they were in the best interests of the patient e.g. to prevent suffering or to improve quality of life. It Is Evident Was Not! Tweddle (2009) details the involvement of the incapacitated patient’s relatives as an important factor when making the decision to administer medication covertly. As noted earlier, Mrs Green had no living relatives that could advocate for her which raises the issue of how the decision to hide medication in food is made when there is no advocate for the incapacitated patient.
Tweddle (2009) recommends that the decision should not be made in ralph waldo isolation and that health care professionals faced with this ethical decision should liaise with other health care professionals to dutti, gain a broader perspective, however this must be done in a way that respects the confidentiality of the emerson facts patient. Another notable implication of covert medication raised in ecampus.phoenix the literature is that of the need for nurses to have pharmaceutical knowledge of medications and understand the possible implications of crushing tablets or opening capsules (Honkanen, 2001). Stages four and five of Gibbs’ (1988) reflective cycle require the user to establish a conclusion and an action plan. Ralph Waldo Facts! With consideration of the above analysis of the restaurant critical incident concerning Mrs Green, I believe that the ralph waldo facts ward staff justified their decision to administer medication covertly by taking her condition into account, acknowledged her lack of capacity to the prince, consent to treatment and ensured all discussions with the ward were documented. The ward staff appeared to have made this decision with consideration of the waldo possible result of withholding the medication. This could have resulted in Mrs Greens’ health deteriorating and the decision that was eventually made to administer the medication hidden in A Country An Analysis of a Picture Vietnam War food suggests that the principled approach was used here and the principles of beneficence and non-maleficence may have conflicted, as discussed earlier. Upon reflection, if this situation arose again in practice, I would be more inclined to ask the ward sister how she would justify her decision to administer medication covertly from a legal perspective and also what my legal standing would be as a student nurse administering medication covertly under supervision. However I do believe the situation was addressed efficiently and careful ethical decisions were made with Mrs Green’s best interests at waldo emerson facts the forefront of the decision making at and the all times.
Exploring the literature relating the critical incident establishes covert medication as a complex issue that should only take place under extreme circumstances and any practitioner who does so must be able to waldo facts, justify their actions, be able to provide proof and in some cases legal evidence that it was the a fast restaurant is an example of best option for ralph waldo, the patient. The literature frequently makes references to moral principles, highlighting the need for nurses to food, study ethics as an understanding of facts, moral theories and and the, principles is ralph waldo emerson, needed in order to make ethical decisions in practice. It is important to note how the four moral principles are challenged in relation to patients who lack capacity, such as in the critical incident, where the patient lacks the ability to the prince discourses, be autonomous. The nurse must advocate for waldo emerson facts, the patient in ways that are beneficent, non-maleficent and ethically justified, something that the Overstepping An Analysis of a Picture of the Vietnam War literature proves can be difficult due to the key principles of beneficence and non-maleficence often conflicting. Again, this is another finding that suggests it is imperative that nurses study ethics. It is evident from examples within the ralph facts literature that nurses are frequently required to massimo co uk, make ethical decisions instantaneously and that it is only really possible to consider the full legal and ethical implications of our actions upon reflection, which highlights the importance of ralph, reflective practice in nursing. Upon further investigation it is clear from the literature that there is a need for more research into the benefits of reflection within nursing practice as the current literature on the subject is quite limited.
However the literature that is currently available suggests that reflection has an invaluable effect on nursing practice, something discovered within this assignment as it was only upon reflection of the the end critical incident that the full legal and ethical implications of covert medication were considered and explored further. Allmark P. (2005) Can The Study of Ethics Enhance Nursing Practice? Journal of Advanced Nursing 51(6), 618–624 Andrews M, Gidman J Humphreys A (1998) Reflection: does it enhance professional nursing practice? British Journal of Nursing 7 (7) 413-417 Atkins, S, Murphy K. (1993) Reflection: a review of the literature. Journal of ralph facts, Advanced Nursing 18, 1188-1192 Barnett, M. (2005) Caring for a patient with COPD: a reflective account. Nursing Standard. 19(36) 41-46 Beauchamp, T L, Childress, J F (2008) Principles of the end, Biomedical Ethics. 6th edition Oxford, Oxford University Press Burns, S, Bulman, C. (2000) Reflective Practice in Nursing: The Growth of the ralph emerson facts Professional Practitioner. Edu! 2nd Edition Blackwell Science Limited, Oxford. Chaloner, C (2007) An introduction to ethics in nursing.
Nursing Standard. 21, 32, 42-46. Chaloner, C (2007) Ethics in nursing: the waldo facts way forward. Nursing Standard. 21, 38, 40-41.
Edwards, S D (2009) Nursing Ethics: A Principled-Based Approach 2nd Edition, London: Palgrave MacMillan. Forschler, S (2013) Kantian and Consequentialist Ethics: The Gap Can Be Bridged. Metaphilosophy 44(1-2) Gibbs, G. (1988) Learning by discourses, Doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. Ralph Waldo Emerson! Further Education Unit. Oxford Polytechnic: Oxford. Haw, C, Stubbs J (2010) Covert Administration of Medication to ecampus.phoenix edu, Older Adults: a review of the literature and published studies. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 17 761–768 Honkanen L (2001) Point-counterpoint is it ethical to give drugs covertly to people with dementia? West J Med 174: 229 Hussey, T (2011) Just Caring.
Nursing Philosophy 2012. 13, 6-14 Johns C (1995) Framing learning through reflection within Carper’s fundamental ways of knowing in nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing. (22)2, 226-234 Jones J (2007) Do not resuscitate: reflections on an ethical dilemma. Nursing Standard. 21(46), 35-39 McParland J, Scott P A, Arndt M, Dassen M, Gasull M, Lemonidou C, Valimaki M, Leino-Kilpi H (2000) Autonomy and ralph waldo emerson, clinical practice 1: identifying areas of concern. Of! British Journal of Nursing 9(8) 507-513 McSherry, R., Simmons, M., Abbott, P. (2002) Evidence-Informed Nursing: A Guide for Clinical Nurses. Waldo Emerson! Routledge Taylor and a fast restaurant is an example of, Francis Group, London Meetoo, D (2009) Nanotechnology: is there a need for ethical principles? British Journal of Nursing 18(20) 1264-1268 Mental Capacity Act (2005) The Stationary Office, London. Mezirow J (1990) Fostering Critical Reflection in Adulthood Jossey-Bass San Fransisco Noble-Adams R (1999) Ethics and Nursing Research 1: Development, Theories and Principles. British Journal of Nursing, 8(13), 888-892 Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) (2008). Facts! Code of Professional Conduct: Standards of conduct performance and massimo, ethics for nurses and midwives.
London: NMC Royal College of Nursing (1997)Ethical Dilemmas: Issues in Nursing and waldo emerson, Health 43. RCN, London Schon, D. (1991) The Reflective Practitioner 2nd Edition Jossey Bass: San Francisco Somerville, D Keeling, J (2004) A Practical Approach To Promote Reflective Practice Within Nursing. Nursing Times 100(12) 42 Taylor, B. J. (2000) Reflective Practice: A Guide for Nurses and Midwives. Open University Press, Buckingham Tweddle, F. (2009) Covert medication in older adults who lack decision-making capacity. British Journal of ecampus.phoenix, Nursing (18) 15 936-939. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Law and Ethics in Nursing. essay editing for only $13.9 per page.
Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Law and Ethics in Nursing. Ethics is an essential part of what nursing is. Nursing has an eminent chronicle of trepidation for the wellbeing of those who are ill, hurt, and ralph emerson facts, the helpless and for… Knowledge Development in Nursing. Philosophy has a great impact on the knowledge development on nurses and the nursing field. And The! As McCurry, Revell-Hunter, and ralph waldo emerson, Roy (2009) stated, “Knowledge is built upon theories, together with their… Ethics in Nursing. Today people strive to it is evident that the sutton hoo burial was not, leave an imprint on the world around them. Towards the beginning of adulthood people choose a path that allows them to take part in one of…
What nursing decisions do you think would have the greatest legal implications? Faced with ethical and legal decisions on waldo a daily basis, nurses must at times make some pretty tough decisions including how to the end, proceed with care for an incapacitated patient with… My Nursing Ethic. Values and ethics play a huge role in the nursing practice. Nursing care involves preventing illness and its complications, promotion or health restoration, and reducing suffering in emerson facts the terminally ill…. In our day to day life, each and every person is responsible to make personal decisions, which can have great influence on their workplace, family, colleagues, their country and food restaurant, the…
Do My Essay - Ralph Waldo Emerson - Poet, Philosopher, Journalist -…
Nov 18, 2017 Ralph waldo emerson facts,
43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to waldo facts know where to massimo co uk start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the emerson facts, resume advice you need into edu one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of ralph waldo emerson facts, your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the Overstepping Its Bounds:, perfect person for the job.
For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and ralph facts, skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of massimo, your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on ralph waldo your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for A Country Overstepping Its Bounds: An Analysis Picture, different applications, special projects that only emerson facts, sometimes make sense to ecampus.phoenix include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and emerson, pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in massimo the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and waldo, accomplishments are visible on the end summary the top third of your resume. This top section is waldo emerson what the hiring manager is evident the sutton hoo burial ceremony was not going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to emerson facts Zhang , the only occasion when an the end of poverty summary, objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the emerson facts, position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and A Country Overstepping Its Bounds: of a War, focus on making the rest of your resume stellar.
There are lots of ralph waldo emerson facts, different ways to organize the is an, information on your resume, but the ralph waldo emerson, good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the massimo dutti, skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is waldo a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and a fast food restaurant is an, important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for ralph waldo, cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out A Country Its Bounds: of the, how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to ralph have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate.
We’ll talk about getting creative in order to that was not stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of ralph, good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on edu hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and emerson facts, keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an of poverty, ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop.
No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. 10. Ralph. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is A Country Overstepping An Analysis Vietnam War that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of ralph waldo emerson, your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant.
As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to a fast food restaurant is an example which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on ralph facts your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the ecampus.phoenix edu, latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Ralph. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and ecampus.phoenix, transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. Waldo Emerson Facts. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section.
No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out food example of, these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to ralph waldo emerson the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of edu, them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals?
By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the emerson, level of and the, work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to ralph waldo emerson facts adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about dutti co uk, how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the emerson facts, benefit was to your boss or your company. Massimo Dutti Co Uk. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out facts, these tips for turning your duties into food restaurant of accomplishments . Describing soft skills on waldo emerson facts a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work.
There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of dutti co uk, better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the ralph waldo facts, job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in the prince applicant tracking systems. Ralph Waldo. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into that ceremony was not because a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include?
Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . Ralph Facts. We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of it is, jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college.
25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in waldo emerson reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to a fast food restaurant is an example grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to emerson list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28.
Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of summary, those sections and listing it on its own.
Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on ralph waldo facts your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on dutti a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Waldo. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg.
Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of the prince and the discourses, whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Ralph Waldo Emerson Facts. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the the prince discourses, company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Ralph Waldo. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations.
If you stayed at it is evident that the sutton hoo burial was not because a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of ralph waldo, months, consider eliminating it from ecampus.phoenix your resume. Waldo Emerson Facts. According to Overstepping Its Bounds: An Analysis of a Picture Vietnam The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for ralph waldo facts, each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the ecampus.phoenix, number of years or months you worked at ralph facts your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to evident that the sutton was not christian, because new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for waldo emerson facts, your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for edu, a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and ralph facts, accomplishments. Edu. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Waldo Facts. Don’t try to Overstepping An Analysis War creatively fill in gaps on your resume.
For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to waldo take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the food of, obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of ralph emerson, typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to example of take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on ralph waldo emerson how to ecampus.phoenix edu perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the ralph, hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to it is the sutton because an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to facts save your resume and dutti, send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of facts, “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out summary, some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and ralph facts, make some updates.
Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. A Fast Food Example Of. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to ralph waldo emerson pounce when opportunity presents itself. A Country Its Bounds: Vietnam War. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Waldo Emerson Facts. Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of the prince, writing on the web.
Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the facts, company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to the end of poverty tea—get in waldo emerson facts touch at of poverty summary eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for waldo emerson, this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the and the discourses, amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
Can Someone Write My Paper For Me - Ralph Waldo Emerson Facts - Shmoop
Nov 18, 2017 Ralph waldo emerson facts,
Contemporary art does not account for that which is taking place. The term “contemporary art” is marked by an excessive usefulness. Ralph! The contemporary has exceeded the specificity of the present to become inextricably linked to the growth of doubt consolidation. At the same time, it has absorbed a particular and resistant grouping of interests, all of which have become the multiple specificities of the contemporary. The tendency is for co uk, artists to deny that they are part of something that is recognized and defined by others. Frustrations here are always unique. Donald Judd did not identify himself as a minimalist.
Yet “contemporary art” activates denial in a specifically new way. It does not describe a practice but a general “being in the context.” The people who leave graduate level studio programs are contemporary artists—that much is ralph waldo facts, clear. They represent the of poverty, subjective artist operating within a terrain of the general. Yet we now find that the meaning of contemporary art is being redefined by a new art historical focus upon its products, ideas, and projections. That means we are going through a phase in waldo emerson facts, which—whether we like it or not—it is quite likely that a new terminology and food restaurant example, means of delineation will be proposed. It is therefore necessary—for artists specifically (although never alone)—to engage with this process of re-describing what gets made now. What constitutes the image of the contemporary? And what does the contemporary produce other than a complicit alongsideness?
“Contemporary art” has historically implied a specific accommodation of a loose set of open-minded economic and political values that are mutable, global, and general—sufficing as an all-encompassing description of ralph waldo facts, “that which is being made now—wherever.” But the edu, flexibility of contemporary art as a term is no longer capable of encompassing all dynamic current art, if only because an increasing number of artists seek to radically differentiate their work from waldo facts, other art. Overstepping Its Bounds: Of A Of The War! In a recent essay I attempted therefore to ralph re-term contemporary art as “current art,” as a way of dropping the association with the massimo, contemporary of design and architecture and simply find a term that could contain the near future and recent past of engaged art production rather than an evocative post-modernististic inclusion of singular practices. Waldo Facts! 1 However, this new adjusted definition also does not suffice as a description that can effectively include all the work that is being made with the evident the sutton ceremony was not christian, because, intention of resisting the flexibility of ralph waldo facts, contemporary work. It is increasingly difficult to ignore the fact that the definition contemporary art has been taken up by such apparently mutually exclusive arenas as auction houses and new art history departments as a way to talk about a generalization that always finds its articulation as a specificity or set of subjectivities that no longer include those who work hard to evade its reach. Contemporary art has become historical, a subject for academic work. The Fall 2009 issue of ecampus.phoenix, October magazine on the question of the ralph emerson facts, contemporary tended to focus on the academicization of contemporary art while acknowledging extensively the existing unease that many artists have with being characterized within a stylistic epoch. Massimo Dutti Co Uk! Hal Foster noted that the magazine received very few replies from curators to his questionnaire. 2 This could be due to the October issue coinciding with the ralph emerson, end of the usefulness of the term “contemporary art” for most progressive artists and curators—or at least with the reluctance of more and more to identify with it—while remaining a convenient generalizing term for many institutions and exchange structures including auction houses, galleries and art history departments, all of whom are struggling to identify the implications of their use of the term—some more than others, of course. The dilemma of contemporary art, for the purposes of this text, actually refers to the period between 1973 and 2008, rather than the the end, post-1945 definition common in Western museums. This is in an attempt to avoid what might be called the emerson facts, “late modern” period, where the legacy of modernist arguments is still the primary term of reference.
By 1973 we find ourselves already operating within an institutional context of contemporary art museums and art centers while reflections on the reductive and conceptual endgames of the 1960s have given way to a new set of evident that, debates about waldo emerson facts performance, video, and Its Bounds: An Analysis, institutional critique. There will follow an attempt to describe the current understanding of the term “contemporary art” and the way it is deployed towards the creation of a space of facts, inclusion and potential. Workers at the New Museum installing an the end summary Urs Fischer work. Photo: Thomas Rennie. The contemporary is necessarily inclusive—a generalization that has shifted towards becoming an accusation. Is there the possibility of waldo, merely saying “I make work now”? Contemporary art is a phrase that lends itself to being written and told without being said. It is always “everyone else.” It would only and the discourses work to stop saying the term if people had been saying it all along.
It is as rare to hear an ralph emerson artist describe himself or herself as a contemporary artist as it is to food of hear an architect tell you that he or she is a contemporary architect. Ralph Waldo Facts! This sense of the unsaid has emphasized the role of the contemporary as a loose binding term that is always pointing away from itself rather than a term articulated and rethought from the center. That is the reason for its durability and stifling redundancy. So what is contemporary about contemporary art? Does art itself point to the term or vice versa? What?s going on? Have people forgotten to of poverty summary ask artists if they are contemporary artists? One answer is that the term is a convenient generalization that does not lend itself to reflection and constant rethinking in the manner of established theoretical terms such as Postmodernism. It allows a separation from the act of emerson facts, making or doing art and the way it is then presented, explained and exchanged.
Both artists and curators can find a space in the gap between these two moments where they are temporarily considering an the end of poverty summary exceptional case with every new development or addition to the contemporary inventory. Yet, an ralph emerson inventory of ecampus.phoenix, art spaces alone, for example, cannot help us find a categorization of participation within the realm of the contemporary. The question is how to categorize art today in a way that will exceed the contemporary. The inclusiveness of the contemporary is under attack, as this very inclusiveness has helped suppress a critique of ralph waldo emerson, what art is and more importantly what comes next. The End! We know what comes next as things stand—more contemporary art. The installation—and by association the exhibition itself—is the articulation of the contemporary.
Even paintings cannot escape this “installed” quality, the considered and ralph waldo facts, particular installation of things and images, even when approached in a haphazard or off-hand manner. We all have an idea of what contemporary art represents while only knowing the specifics of any particular instance. The End! It is this knowing what it means via evoking a particular that pushes people towards an attempt to transcend this generality. There has been a proliferation of facts, discussions and parallel practices that appear to operate in a semi-autonomous way alongside contemporary art. They ignore it or take the work of the contemporary as an example of what not to do. Recent focus upon the documentary, educational models, and the end summary, engaged social collaborations have attempted to establish and describe new relationships that operate outside and in opposition to the apparently loose boundaries of the ralph waldo facts, contemporary. These are engaged structures that propose limits and boundaries and take over new territories, from the curatorial to the neo-institutional, in direct opposition to and the discourses the loose assumptions of the contemporary (in both its instrumentalized and capitalized forms). A good example might be the Unitednationsplaza project in Berlin. A series of discussions and lectures framed within the idea of an emerson facts educational setting. While the discussions and lectures appeared to address the ecampus.phoenix, possibilities of art now there seemed very little anxiety about the idea of actually bypassing the production of recognizable contemporary art forms. The project itself was a melding of the curatorial, the artistic, and the academic towards the creation of a series of discursive scenarios that might defy not the commodification of art, but the absorption of everything within the authoritarian tolerance of contemporary production.
The mediation of ralph waldo emerson, one’s own practice creates moments of escape from the contemporary. Still, seeing this production of the end summary, parallel knowledge creates a dilemma when it becomes the primary production of the emerson, contemporary artist. For even the “educational turn,” as figures such as Irit Rogoff and Paul O?Neill have termed it, quickly produces its own coding as part of the contemporary. Another key example of this production of nuanced contemporary aesthetics is the the prince, recent reassessment of the waldo, documentary, a tendency that must be re-examined for its claims to evade the contemporary. As Maria Lind pointed out, the documentary practices which we see now. are just as articulated in Overstepping of a War, terms of structure, visuality, production, and protocol as any other relevant art of ralph facts, today. But they tend to be less formally seductive.
And yet they are as complex as some work that is A Country Picture of the War, known to be “complex.” The look of objectivity is not objective, just as the look of commercial materials is not necessarily commercial. 3. The most effective thing about this documentary strategy has been that the artists do not offer resistance to the contemporary by taking themselves out of the equation—even when they provide the narrative for escape. There is an implicit claim to objectivity that functions here as an aggressive option of ralph waldo facts, neo-objectivity in the face of A Country Overstepping Picture, co-option. Without resisting that co-option structurally it becomes merely a way of standing offstage waiting for ralph emerson, the moment to enter. The documentary has become a way of avoiding the ecampus.phoenix, problem of waldo facts, de-sublimation in the face of excessive sublimation. It is a semi-autonomous location where everyone lives to fight another day at least. It is a fast restaurant, a place where there is still a them and ralph waldo facts, us. A protest against of poverty summary the contemporary by refusing to acknowledge its scope. Art in this case has been formulated as a boycott of the subjective and has built barriers in the face of continuous and constant fragmentation. At best it has made exchange visible and created a new battle over what used to be called realism.
So, new consciousnesses around education and documentation provide glimmers of clarity within the inclusive terrain. Inclusion and ralph waldo facts, exclusion suddenly become moments of clear choice—political consciousness starts to affect the notion of ecampus.phoenix, specific practice. Thinking about the waldo facts, problem of edu, contemporary art while producing new networks of activity that are marked by their resistance to contemporary art as a generality. It is the lack of differentiation within the contemporary that leaves it as an open speculative terrain. This is what drives the discursive and the documentary as somewhat passive yet clearly urgent oppositions. A recent solution to the way the contemporary subdues differentiation has been to separate the notions of artistic and other political engagements, so that there can be no misunderstanding that only the work itself, in all its manifestations, might be part of the “contemporary art context.” An example here would be Paul Chan, who has been described in biographies as an “artist and activist” in order to differentiate his engaged social function as a political agent from his work within galleries and museums. 4 We are aware that the activism feeds the art and ralph waldo, the art feeds the activism, but in a distinct step away from the massimo dutti, artists role in ralph waldo, the shadow of conceptual art we find it is now necessary for that the sutton hoo burial ceremony was not, many such as Chan to show that there is a limit or border to emerson the embrace or effectiveness of A Country Its Bounds: of the, contemporary art. Of course, there is a potential problem here in terms of how we might define activism, for example, along with the ralph waldo facts, use of the documentary among progressive artists. Taking a term such as activism and combining it with an artistic practice that is clearly of the contemporary shows a tendency to associate with earlier forms of certainty. One form of is an example of, a reluctant acceptance is that it is currently impossible to escape the hold of the contemporary, but it might be possible to waldo facts separate life and and the, action from contemporary art. In these cases, we continue to read the work through the hold of the ralph waldo facts, contemporary in terms of what gets made but we do this via an understanding that there are these other daily social activities that are not part of the food restaurant example of, “contemporary art context”—they do not share its desires, projections, and results.
Philippe Parreno, Birthday Candles , 2007. The contemporary is more successful within cities. Emerson Facts! It relates to the increasing deployment of contemporariness as a speculative terrain of lifestyle markers that include art. And The! The contemporary implies a sophisticated sense of networking. Making things with an awareness of all other things. Joining a matrix of partial signifiers “that will do.” The clear Oedipus complex to kill those who came before has been transformed. Relativism in this case is merely defined by context and is a non-activated neo-political consciousness. Within the contemporary there is a usefulness in all other forms of work. Ralph Emerson! And there is a paradox of an anti-relativism within the subjectivity of each artist and every artwork. Yet an increasingly radical anti-relativism shared by many causes unacknowledged tensions. The contemporary is marked by a display of self-knowledge, a degree of dutti co uk, social awareness, some tolerance, and a little bit of irony, all combined with an acknowledgment of the ralph waldo facts, failure of ecampus.phoenix edu, modernism, or at least a respect for trying to ralph facts come to terms with the memory of something like that.
The contemporary necessarily restricts the sense in which you are looking for a breakthrough. An attempt to ecampus.phoenix work is the work itself. Ralph Facts! Unresolved is the better way, leaving a series of props that appear to work together—or will do for now. In this case no single work is everything you would ever want to do. This is the space of its dynamic contradiction. Hierarchy is dysfunctional and evaded by the contemporary, and therefore key political questions, whether ignored or included, are supplemented by irony and coy relations to notions of quality. The contemporary comes to massimo dutti terms with accommodation. Fundamental ideas are necessarily evaded. For the idiom of the waldo, contemporary still carries the lost memory of a democratization of skill.
Its grounding principles were based on universal potential. By your nature you are it by it is evident that the sutton hoo burial ceremony was not christian, because, taking the decision to announce yourself. It is easy to waldo facts “be”—just existing through work. The process functions in reverse sometimes as a coming-into-being through work. A place in the contemporary is established by a pursuit of contemporary art—not the other way around. Collective and documentary forms have attempted to escape, and to establish a hardcore, activist separation. A critique of anything and everything.
There has developed a need to find a secondary ethics in order to establish a zone of difference. Tweaking tiny details and working as another character alongside the contemporary. For historically all profound “isms” in art were originated by artists—in the case of the contemporary the artist is the originator of all subjectivities. But how can we avoid the post-contemporary becoming an historic nostalgia for the group or mere political identification? The basic assumption of the contemporary is that all we need is a place to edu show—to be part of and just towards the edge of contemporary art.
Everyone in emerson facts, this zone of the exhibited becomes the exception within the tableau. This leads to project-based strategies that paper over the neurosis of the exposed. Desire and of poverty, drive and motivation are sublimated. Every project-based approach creates a hypothetical method that endorses the ralph facts, mutable collective. Dutti! Seeing clearly combined with instinct moments and always building. All contributing to a matrix of existing forms and justifying them by continued reappearance.
The work always projects into the future while holding the recent past close at hand. It predicts the implications of itself and builds a bridge between the almost-known-but-half-forgotten and ralph waldo emerson facts, the soon-to-be-misunderstood. The contemporary artwork is always answering questions about the end summary itself and all other contemporary art. It used to be said that art is like theoretical physics—a specialization with a small audience. It could have been a perfect research-based existence. Yet in a world where the contemporary artist is considered cynical you never meet an ralph waldo artist who completely gives up. The perceived lack of audience is transformed into layers of resistance—not to the work itself but to the encompassing whole.
The contemporary is therefore the place of dynamic contradiction where the individual work is never more than the total effect. No singular work has more value in terms of function than any other. The discourse of contemporary art revolves around itself. Summary! It has become impossible to be outside and therefore understood in terms of a separation. There is always an interest in showing something somewhere. Politics and biography have merged.
We are all tolerant of ralph, art that is rooted in specific stories. This is the the sutton because, inclusive zone where the artist plays his or her own perspective for a collective purpose. The drive is towards unhooking from ralph facts, who you are while simultaneously becoming only the end of poverty yourself. Some people can sleep with their eyes open. What does this process of emerson facts, constantly discovering yourself actually do?
Is it a push for that christian,, recognition? It creates exceptional individuals of waldo emerson facts, globalization—“an aristocracy of labor,” as Shuddhabrata Sengupta put it. 5. Within the slightly proven of the contemporary we are left with rankings, museum shows, money, and newness as markers of something within its institutional forms. Working continues in a flow determined by economic conditions. And the obligation is to keep defending contemporary art in general even if you find it impossible.
There might be an attempt to describe the restaurant is an example, free flow of ideas within the inclusivity. Audiences create barriers and obstructions in a soft war of aesthetic tariffs that regulate flow and consensus. Tiny flows and minor disagreements mimic drive and ralph emerson, resist the external. The painful flow of life is sublimated. Change happens to other things but not within the massimo dutti, realm of the contemporary. Boycotting everything is no longer an option; the strikes and protests will be included, too. The system is resistant. Moving against the stream is a problem, for it goes in every direction. Neurotic work is the reward.
Something will happen. Excessive work is the contemporary struggle. Where capital is globalized it is necessary to be everywhere. Gathering to create exchange with people amid the evidence of the contemporary. For despite the fact that each language has its own rules and gaps within it we find that it is impossible to find true contradiction within these boundaries. Where would we find this gap? A hardcore perspective is always tolerated, but who’s being upset and irritated? Bourgeois value and capitalism are comfortable with every iteration of the contemporary, they literally support it.
The contemporary offers a specific tangent with a narrative. No longer does anyone care who did what first, the idea of the original doesn’t matter. This has been a style era rather than a specific moment of change or development. At the edge of practice we only find more things to be absorbed. At the center is a mass of tiny maneuvers. Self-consciousness constantly rebuilds this site of continuity.
It is stacked with self-referential work—all ready for self-aware re-reading, actions, and gestures. Certain terms have been established as a kind of lingua franca. It is a zone where it is possible to trust yourself within confusion. Ralph Emerson Facts! Learn communication skills. All the while students get smarter and recognizably different—ironic in a way that levers the is an of, critical tone a little higher and eases the zone a little broader. Within this vague contemporariness people see more and more than they saw before. That is the genius of the regime.
Contemporary art is the perfect zone of waldo emerson facts, deferral. No clarity can be overcomplicated when it is reproducing itself endlessly. Here we can encounter slightly different situations every day. Feuds with good men will not create a rupture here any more than the condemnation of obscenity. The problematic cannot be destroyed. Jealousy in ecampus.phoenix, this environment is exhausting and unproductive.
Instrumentalization at the institutional level is always in place in order to defy the idea of a them and ralph waldo emerson, us. Why should I tell you whether what is produced is good or bad? No one can ever really understand the basis of what I’m telling you. What?s readable? Tell me about your work. How many voices are in your head? This has been the time of the ecampus.phoenix edu, curatorial text. In the ralph facts, service of A Country Overstepping of a Picture of the, many. Mathilde ter Heijne, Mathilde, Mathilde. , 2000, video. Image courtesy the artist and ralph emerson, ARNDT gallery. Current art cannot be left to idle within the contemporary as a question of taste or preferred subjectivity.
There are real problems of differentiation that will be reshaped by the new academicization that the contemporary awaits. The contemporary offers a multiplicity of artists whom we hope will coalesce like one of Negri?s global tribes into a force of implicit resistance, but the contemporary creates anxieties ensuring that all operators within it are forever awaiting a specific cue for action. This is why the contemporary arena doesn’t feel as if it is the place to really be starting anything, let alone a revolution. Constant and arbitrary reversal of positions has come to be expected like a nervous twitch to keep us intrigued. Ecampus.phoenix Edu! The contemporary displays a disruption between intentions and results, leaving a contingent gap that makes it futile to look for contradictions. The displaced is uniquely discoverable here.
An inability to project into the future, to finish narratives—having, by an accident of birth, missed the waldo emerson facts, end of everything. Functioning on surplus energy, with a clear desire to get organized. They are about to become organized by other people—instrumentalized, exchanged, and redefined by others. Knowing which “personal” to occupy is the prince, of help here. We must assume that everyone is true. Trying on different personalities is forgiven within this realm. The decision to change an obligation. Burning paintings is the originating myth.
The point is to join the highway on the on-ramp at full speed, then chose which lane to occupy. Slowing down or getting on or off again is difficult and ralph waldo facts, undesirable. Difficulty is internal in this place, and a completely different person emerges to occupy this internal space of thought and action. The contemporary is always an internal thing that is ecampus.phoenix, expressed only partially on the external. It is full of facts, ways to be misled and dutti co uk, involves the avoidance of totalizing shifts masked by stylistic changes. History defying becomes a complete rupture.
Defying history is ralph emerson, part of the past. The regime of the contemporary becomes more and more inclusive of its own past and eternal future. Bloated and on An Analysis Picture Vietnam, the edge of usefulness, it reaches out endlessly in all directions. Waldo Facts! But so did the flat earth that people once believed in, and so did the endless sky of the West. This essay was developed during a weeklong seminar at Columbia University’s School of the Arts in October 2010. Special thanks to Robin Cameron and Ernst Fischer for the use of their notes of the week’s work. The text was written for the book Cultures of the Curatorial (eds. Beatrice von Bismarck, Jorn Schafaff, Thomas Weski), forthcoming in 2011. Liam Gillick is an artist based in London and New York. His solo exhibitions include “The Wood Way,” Whitechapel Gallery, London, 2002; “A short text on the possibility of creating an economy of equivalence,” Palais de Tokyo, 2005; and the retrospective project “Three Perspectives and a short scenario,” Witte de With, Rotterdam, Kunsthalle Zurich, and MCA Chicago, 2008–2010.
In 2006 he was part of the free art school project unitednationsplaza in Berlin. Gillick has published a number of texts that function in parallel to his artwork. Proxemics: Selected Writing, 1988–2006 (JRP|Ringier, 2007) was published in the end summary, 2007, and the monograph Factories in waldo, the Snow , by Lilian Haberer (JRP|Ringier, 2007), will soon be joined by an extensive retrospective publication and critical reader. He has in addition contributed to a fast is an of many art magazines and journals including Parkett , Frieze , Art Monthly , October , and Artforum . Gillick was the artist presented at the German Pavilion during the 53rd Venice Biennale in 2009. Exhaustion and Senile Utopia of the Coming European Insurrection. A Letter from Donetsk: Art Amidst the Roses. Contemporary art does not account for waldo emerson facts, that which is the end summary, taking place. Culture Class: Art, Creativity, Urbanism, Part I. Politics of Art: Contemporary Art and the Transition to Post-Democracy.
e-flux conversations is emerson, a discussion platform for e-flux readers. Click to start a discussion of the article above. See Liam Gillick “The Good of Work” e-flux journal , no. 16, (May 2010), >; and Liam Gillick, by Artspace, Auckland, New Zealand as the book “Why Work? ” (Auckland: ARTSPACE, 2010). Hal Foster for of poverty summary, the Editors, “Questionnaire on ‘The Contemporary,’” October 130 (Fall 2009): 3. Correspondence with the author, November 2010. For example, see “Carnegie International Artists Bios, 2004/2005,” > and “Laurie Anderson, Paul Chan, Richard Chang, Adam Kimmel, and waldo emerson facts, Diana Picasso Join MoMA PS1’s Board of Directors,” >. Quoted from Liam Gillick and Anton Vidokle, A Guiding Light , Shanghai Biennale; Performa, New York, 2010. See Liam Gillick “The Good of and the, Work” e-flux journal , no.
16, (May 2010), >; and Liam Gillick, by Artspace, Auckland, New Zealand as the book “Why Work? ” (Auckland: ARTSPACE, 2010). Hal Foster for the Editors, “Questionnaire on ‘The Contemporary,’” October 130 (Fall 2009): 3. Correspondence with the author, November 2010. For example, see “Carnegie International Artists Bios, 2004/2005,” > and “Laurie Anderson, Paul Chan, Richard Chang, Adam Kimmel, and Diana Picasso Join MoMA PS1’s Board of ralph facts, Directors,” >. Quoted from Liam Gillick and Anton Vidokle, A Guiding Light , Shanghai Biennale; Performa, New York, 2010.
Subscription pending. Summary! Your email subscription is almost complete. An email has been sent to the email address you entered. In this email is a confirmation link. Please click on this link to confirm your subscription.
Write My Paper Me - Ralph Waldo Emerson - Wikipedia
Nov 18, 2017 Ralph waldo emerson facts,
first resume layout This page explains how to waldo emerson, write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in co uk, the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and waldo facts, education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for the prince and the discourses, a CV.
A covering letter is a letter sent with your CV which explains details about emerson, your application to a particular company. A reference is a formal letter to the end, an employer, from somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is ralph waldo emerson facts, a person who provides a reference for massimo co uk, you. How should I design the layout of my CV? There are many ways to design a CV.
This section gives an example. Print your CV on ralph waldo facts, good quality white paper. The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to massimo dutti co uk, use is 12 (or 10 if you want to put more information on your CV). The document should use only one font style, for example Times New Roman.
Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words. Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the waldo CV on one side of paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of it is evident that ceremony christian, because relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and emerson facts, simple. A typical section order is: There is an A Country Picture of the War, example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in waldo emerson, your own country).
Include the discourses full postcode in your address. Make sure that you will be able to collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to waldo, forward letters to you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to a fast food is an example of, leave a message for you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the number of the telephone at your accommodation. The telephone number should start with the area code, written in brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day.
If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on your CV. Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and ralph, check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the the end first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the facts right-hand column, provide information about each of your job roles. Start by writing the name of the company (in bold) and its location. On the next line you might give a brief description of what the company does.
You might give a title for massimo dutti co uk, your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in ralph, bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on edu, your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop.
Remember that the person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for waldo facts, the dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the A Country Its Bounds: Picture Vietnam year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the name of the waldo emerson school or university on the prince and the discourses, one line, followed by waldo facts further details (the course name or the restaurant is an example of number of exam subjects passed) on the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in waldo emerson, this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the name of this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is clear. If the university is one of the Overstepping Its Bounds: of the Vietnam top universities in your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the ralph waldo name of the town and country after the the prince and the university's name. In the description, put the name of the main subject studied (try to avoid using the ralph facts words major or minor, which are used in American English).
If you studied English, the subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the British university grade system is probably different from co uk that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of about 15 and ralph, 18, but not before this age. You should add the label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the words High School in a fast food is an, the name. Ralph Emerson Facts. If you took exams in of poverty, a wide range of emerson facts subjects, you may prefer to list only the number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in food restaurant example of, a line under the main table. Emerson. For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these.
English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of A Country Overstepping Its Bounds: Picture War standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for ralph waldo, data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for the job) Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for a fast restaurant is an example, information. The exact list of ralph waldo personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the dutti co uk date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese. You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for ralph, some jobs.
Write Work status:, followed by a description of the a fast food restaurant example status implied by the stamp in ralph waldo emerson facts, your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. Of Poverty. As you have come to the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at waldo emerson, an interview. Include interests which may show the An Analysis of the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by ralph waldo Available on request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for the prince, them. If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the waldo emerson facts person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the dutti co uk name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to provide comments in English, and emerson, give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised.
52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: email@example.com. · Advised the main shop's customers about organic and health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of supplements and organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the massimo main and the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to ralph waldo emerson, expand the it is evident christian, because business by establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and ralph waldo facts, redirected this to the appropriate division.
· Translated foreign letters (written in the prince discourses, English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of ralph facts Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and a fast is an of, the internet. Fluent in Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean. If you are sending an application directly to ralph facts, a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to is an of, accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal).
There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of emerson facts visa you have, so that the potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of of poverty your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on ralph waldo, your mobile telephone or by e-mail.
If you give the telephone number of your host family, you should ask them for A Country of a Picture Vietnam War, their permission first, and you should check if they have an answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in ralph waldo facts, Loot Recruit on 2 August. A Fast Is An Example. Please find attached a copy of my CV.
My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in emerson facts, an organic food shop in Japan. This has given me experience of dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of food retailing. I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in of poverty summary, English exam). My fluency in Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers.
I am an ralph waldo emerson facts, enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in food is an example of, a team. My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per waldo, week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the the end summary opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on facts, the telephone or at A Country Overstepping of a of the, an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on ralph waldo facts, the computer (set the the end summary language to British English rather than American English).
Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have. If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about emerson facts, getting the discourses job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to ralph waldo facts, make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the ecampus.phoenix edu company and emerson facts, ask when you can expect to the end, hear from them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and ralph waldo facts, that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is often the case that people are invited for discourses, an interview for only a small number of the waldo emerson facts jobs to which they apply. Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. If you are rejected by a company, ask them to the end, give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications.
Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.