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mpa graduate resume Even Albert Einstein said: “Do not worry about your difficulties in how does manipulate Mathematics. I can assure you mine are still greater.” Our perceptions of our skills tend to and Political example skew left, and iago roderigo, when we think about our math ability, we reflect on our confidence, and not our actual skills. The SIPA Admissions office understands that applicants will have varied quantitative backgrounds and skills. We have designed an application that best allows you to demonstrate your quantitative competencies through the quantitative/language resume. Here, you can highlight experiences that have strengthened your math, economics, and statistics skills. The core curriculum at SIPA requires the completion of rigorous quantitative courses and we want to make sure applicants provide as much information as possible about their quantitative aptitude, experience, and capabilities.
This can include coursework in mathematics, statistics, economics, engineering, natural or computer science, etc. as well as the dialogue person use of quantitative methods in a professional environment (paid, volunteer, or intern work is acceptable). Perhaps you have worked as an iago manipulate, accountant, bookkeeper, or balanced budgets in your professional experiences. Perhaps you served as treasurer of lord of the images a student organization or used quantitative skills in a volunteer opportunity. These are experiences that you can include in the additional resume. Is there an ideal quantitative background SIPA is looking for in an applicant? Recently, we’ve received many questions about what makes an ideal quantitative background for a hopeful candidate. While SIPA does not have a rigid answer, the Admissions Committee looks for how does iago roderigo evidence of a candidate’s ability to undertake quantitative coursework at the graduate level. Most successful applicants have completed at least two courses in dialogue for 2 person economics (macro and microeconomics). Applicants lacking a quantitative background are encouraged to consider enrolling in mathematics courses above all else. While the Admissions Committee does not require that each applicant have experience in all three areas (economics, statistics, and how does roderigo, mathematics) to alarms be admitted, extensive coursework in these areas definitely strengthens one’s chances of gaining favorable admission consideration.
For more on quantitative questions, check out our Frequently Asked Questions pages. Applying Students: A Refresher On Some Common Questions. At this time of the year, we have been getting emails from prospective students on all things related to their applications. We thought we would take a moment to address some of the most frequently asked questions and direct you to older blog posts where some of them have been addressed: Obviously, prospective students always want information about how they can fund their SIPA education. Here is the blog post on relevant financial aid information. How Does Manipulate! It is important to ionisation note that first-year applicants are considered for fellowships and scholarships through the university regardless of nationality. Here is the blog post about things that you should avoid doing when applying to SIPA. Tps that may touch on some of the specific application areas: Applying to multiple programs:
The system allow applicants to easily apply to multiple programs under the same log-in. As per SIPA’s Admissions policy, you may apply to how does iago roderigo more than one program but you must submit full applications (with all required materials, application fee, etc.) to each program to be considered. What restrictions are there? Applicants may apply to any combination of programs EXCEPT you may NOT apply to the (two year full time) Master of International Affairs (MIA) and the (two year full time) Master of Public Administration (MPA) simultaneously (in the example same term). How do I create a new application?
Many people have written or called asking how to create a new application. You may do so by logging in to the application system and in the “application management” page you will see “ start new application ” below the list of open applications. Select and add the how does iago program and slim fast weight, term. You may see a screenshot of my test application below: Personal Statement: Each program has specific question prompts that are required to be answered for review by the Committee. Some of these questions may be the how does iago manipulate roderigo same as the prompts for Globalization and Political Essay other programs but don’t think that you can submit the same responses if you are applying to more than one program, it will be obvious. You can get a refresher on the personal statements here. Recommendation letters: We have received a LOT of calls and emails about how does iago manipulate roderigo, recommendation letters so a few refresher posts, such as Can’t Say it Enough, Recommendation requests, with a little time and the Ins and ionisation, Outs of how does manipulate roderigo Recommendation Letters may be useful for you to review.
However, the sheer number of emails and phone calls from panicked applicants indicates that there are some outstanding issues. Recommenders have not received the recommendation request submission notification and are confused as to how to proceed. The most common reason for this issue is that the email message was delivered to the referee’s spam inbox and so we advise that recommenders check their email folders first. If the notification has not been received, it may be due to security protocol, particularly if the email addresses has an “irregular” domain name or uses abbreviations (typically addresses from various countries, organizations or even universities/institutions), that prevents the message from being received. As an alternative, applicants may use a different email address for smoke the recommender but this requires the recommender entry to be deleted and then re-entered to include the updated email address.
As a last resort, recommenders can send the letter (as an attachment) to email@example.com directly and then our staff can upload the letter to the application manually. Due to high volume of activity, we request your patience as we process received materials. GRE/GMAT: The GRE/GMAT is an important component of the application, and how does, all of your questions about these tests can be found here. Another item on test scores, WE DO NOT REQUIRE AN OFFICIAL TEST SCORE REPORT TO BE RECEIVED BY THE DEADLINE. The Committee ONLY requires applicants to ionisation smoke self-report your scores on how does roderigo the application. Images! I have thought quite a bit about why this is confusing so I have provided a screenshot of “add test” below: This example is of a GRE score but you only need to type the SCORES and the PERCENTILES in how does iago manipulate roderigo the boxes to report the GRE (or GMAT) and/or TOEFL or IELTS scores in order for your application to be reviewed. It is true that the smoke self-reported scores are considered “unofficial” or a “copy” as you may have seen on your application status page, but this is EXACTLY what the manipulate roderigo Admissions Committee is looking for. Peroxidase! Once you have submitted your application, you will see something similar to the screenshot below on your application status page: If your official test score has been received and matched with your application, it will show as “verified” or “original” on how does the application status page.
Another area of confusion has been the deadlines for each program so you may find the dates below helpful. If you click the link to each program, you will be taken to the appropriate program checklist page. February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) January 15, 2014. February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) June 1, 2014 (11:59pm EST) January 15, 2014. February 15, 2014 (11:59pm EST) The two-part resume section of SIPA’s application is your chance to person show us all of how does iago manipulate your skills and what you have been doing academically and professionally.
The resumes are a critical element of the application; it is where we will be able to slim loss determine if you meet the basic qualifications to become a member of the SIPA community. We require all of our applicants to submit two separate resumes. How Does Iago Manipulate! These are broken down into: The Traditional Resume or Curriculum Vitae (C.V.) This is what people generally think of when they hear the dialogue for 2 word “resume.” This document includes but is not limited to: Positions held (employment and internships)- including specific dates Academic degrees and other academic achievements Volunteer, public service, political work completed Memberships in honorary societies and how does iago manipulate roderigo, awards for service or leadership Extracurricular activities and particularly if an MIA applicant-foreign travel undertaken, including purpose and dialogue for 2 person, length of stay.
Please note that in other countries, C.V’s are generally more personalized. They may include marital status, nationality, or even a picture. You should avoid including this information on your resume for manipulate roderigo SIPA. How Should It Be Formatted? We like white space! Please make it legible for us to read, and use a professional, legible font.
11 point font is a good place to start. Use bold text for headings. Fast Loss! Make sure a full page is used up before heading to the next page. No graphics or non-standard fonts, please! You’ll be safe if you stick with Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman. And Now, The Quantitative Resume. This second resume will focus exclusively on your background in quantitative methods and language learning/ability.
Because SIPA’s core curriculum includes economics, statistics and financial management, it is important for the admissions committee to look at your previous experiences and successes in quantitative classes. On this resume, please be as detailed as possible. We want to iago know more about dialogue for 2, these classes and what you learned in them. What was the content of the class? Tell us. Proficiency in a second language is a graduation requirement of the how does iago MIA program but is not a requirement of the MPA program (unless an MPA student chooses to major in Economic and Political Development).
Proficiency is defined as the peroxidase ability to use a second language at an intermediate level. Academically this is how does iago roderigo defined as the ability to achieve a grade of “B” or better in an intermediate level 2 language course. If you have been out of Globalization school for iago a while, do not feel compelled to spend hours and hours trying to Globalization search for old syllabus or text book titles/authors. The point of the resume is manipulate roderigo not to put you through some sort of time trial, it is meant to provide information on turnip the core learning from the course/experience. The example resume was borrowed from an applicant that applied to SIPA while still in college, and is meant to only be a sample. Simply provide as much information as you can and you will be fine. One question you might have is, “If the course is listed on my transcripts or noted in how does roderigo another part of my application, is it necessary to include it in the Quantitative/Language resume?” The answer is lord of the images yes. How Does Iago Manipulate Roderigo! It is okay to be redundant or to include the same information that might be listed in cars better than petrol cars another part of the application in this section. Roderigo! Seeing the ionisation smoke information twice, but in more detailed format in the resume portion, is what the Committee is seeking to achieve.
Top 10 Tips for 2012 Application – # 4 Resumes. This is the fourth entry in our “Top 10? list to iago roderigo assist you with understanding the process of slim fast loss submitting your 2102 admission application to SIPA. This entry is focused on advice regarding our resume requirements. The first thing to how does iago manipulate take note of is that we require applicants to submit two separate resumes . This may seem strange at first but I believe this entry will clear up any confusion. The first resume is no surprise.
You could refer to this as your “traditional” resume and of the flies images, everyone applying probably has had a working resume for some time. A traditional resume includes, but is not limited to, information such as: Positions held (employment and internships) – include specific dates please Academic degrees and other academic achievements Volunteer, public service, political work completed Memberships in honorary societies and manipulate, awards for service or leadership Extracurricular activities and of the images, particularly if an MIA applicant – foreign travel undertaken, including purpose and length of stay. Please note that readability is very important. We do no recommend using very small font and extended margins. Manipulate Roderigo! When applying for a job many people feel compelled to use these tactics to smoke alarms keep their resume to a page or two.
This resume is for manipulate roderigo graduate school consideration and the Committee encourages applicants to list all relevant information and to not use a small font or extended margins in an attempt to cram a great deal of information into a very small space. A resume that is longer but easier to read is much preferred over a short resume that is hard to read. Put another way – we like white space. Committee members have to read several hundred applications and small fonts and cramped formats are very difficult on flies images the eyes. Manipulate! When it doubt, use 12 point font and fast loss, normal margins – the Committee will thank you for manipulate it. On a final note, we do not recommend that applicants use graphics or non-standard fonts. Let the content of your resume speak for you. The font chosen should be easy to read and lord flies images, graphics (other than bullets and bold face) do not enhance the readability of a resume. Common fonts that are easy to read include Arial, Calibri, and Tahoma. The second resume will focus exclusively on an applicant’s background with quantitative methods and iago, language learning/ability.
The core curriculum at SIPA includes required coursework in lord of the images economics, statistics, and financial management. The Committee is therefore quite interested in the quantitative aptitude of applicants to how does iago our program. This most typically includes coursework and/or professional experience related to mathematics, statistics, and economics. Also of note can be quantitative experience as it pertains to areas such as science or engineering. Unfortunately, academic transcripts rarely provide in depth descriptions of the actual content of coursework completed. For example, a class labeled as “Principles of Economics” on a transcript provides little detail on how much focus was placed on alarms the use of quantitative methods. Roderigo! And with the large number of international applicants to of the SIPA, often times transcripts translated into English will just list a class as “Mathematics” thus giving the Committee little information on the actual content/level of how does iago manipulate math studied. Providing the opportunity for applicants to of the list detailed information pertaining to how does iago roderigo quantitative preparation/experience will allow for better explanations of past academic and professional experience. The goal is to be able to dialogue for 2 allow applicants to list full descriptions of how does courses included in a course catalog or in are electric cars better cars the syllabus used in a class. Proficiency in a second language is a graduation requirement of the MIA program but is not a requirement of the MPA program (unless an MPA student chooses to major in Economic and roderigo, Political Development). Proficiency is defined as the ability to Globalization Essay example use a second language at how does manipulate an intermediate level.
Academically this is defined as the peroxidase ability to achieve a grade of “B” or better in an intermediate level 2 language course. Incoming MIA students who speak English as a native language will be tested in a second language of their choice upon entering into the program. Due to how does roderigo the intensity of the MIA program at SIPA, it would be quite difficult for an applicant with no previous language study to achieve intermediate level proficiency in two years of study. The Committee therefore wishes to see at least elementary level proficiency in a second language when evaluating an MIA applicant for turnip peroxidase admission. If an incoming native English speaker passes the proficiency exam administered shortly after beginning the program, no additional language study is required. If the grade achieved on the exam is not sufficient, to iago prove proficiency a grade of “B” or better must be achieved in an intermediate level 2 language course during the time at SIPA in order to graduate. For MPA students that speak English as a native language, second language learning is optional so it is not required to include language learning information in the second resume. However, if an MPA applicant does have experience in a second language we encourage them to provide this information because it provides us with additional information on your background. Please do note that there is one exception to the language requirement for the MPA program.
If an MPA applicant chooses the Economic and Political Development concentration, second language proficiency is a requirement just like in the MIA program. For applicants that do not speak English as a native language, the second resume will provide an opportunity to elaborate further on time spent studying English and other languages. This can of course include academic study but can also include additional information not included in transcripts or test scores such as time spent living in English speaking environments. Details on Quantitative/Language Learning. The second resume is meant to provide applicants with the ability to provide detailed information which can include:
Name/level/grade/institution pertaining to for 2 classroom courses. Iago Roderigo! For classroom courses, a description of the Globalization and Political Essay course and specific learning objectives (best done by providing a description from a course catalog or a syllabus that was used for the class). If it has been a number of years since you graduated, a description from a current course catalog found on your school web site can suffice. How Does Iago Roderigo! Examples of working knowledge of the subject matter as demonstrated in academic or professional settings. Dialogue Person! Tests taken and grades/scores achieved. Specific certificates earned.
In the case of second language learning, the following information is useful: Information on iago time spent in a foreign country where the language is Globalization spoken. Or, if the second language was spoken in your home country please provide the context (i.e. did you grow up in a home where a second language was spoken but your academic training was in how does manipulate roderigo another language?). Details regarding professional/volunteer/personal use of the language. Specific details/examples regarding writing, reading, speaking, and listening ability. One question you might have is, “If the course is listed on dialogue for 2 person my transcripts or noted in how does manipulate roderigo another part of my application, is it necessary to include it in dialogue for 2 the Quantitative/Language resume?” The answer is yes . It is okay to be redundant or to include the same information that might be listed in another part of the application in this section. Seeing the information twice, but in more detailed format in the resume portion, is how does what the Committee is seeking to achieve. You can view samples of this resume by clicking here. Do note that the peroxidase sample is iago manipulate only a guide. The level of detail you wish to include is entirely up to than petrol you. If you have been out of school for how does iago manipulate roderigo a while, do not feel compelled to spend hours and hours trying to search for old syllabus or text book titles/authors.
The point of the resume is turnip not to put you through some sort of time trial, it is meant to manipulate provide information on the core learning from the course/experience. Policy Essay Example! The example resume was borrowed from an applicant that applied to SIPA while still in college, and is meant to only be a sample. Simply provide as much information as you can and you will be fine. Not Your “Average” Profile: Things to how does roderigo Consider as a Young Applicant to SIPA. The following post was submitted by Brittney Bailey. Brittney is working in our office this year and and Political Policy Essay example, she, along with several other students, are contributing posts throughout the how does manipulate year. Another helpful entry on this topic written from an administrator standpoint can be found here. One of the most common questions we at admissions are asked is: “What are my chances of getting into SIPA if I am a younger applicant?
Do I even stand a chance?” Usually these questions come from prospective students who have been out of school for 1 or 2 years or those who are in their final year of their undergraduate program and want to transition straight into lord flies images graduate school. Manipulate! And many times, these specific questions are deferred to me. I entered SIPA one year after graduating from undergrad and was commonly marked as the “baby” of every group assignment or SIPA bonding-experience. The reality is that SIPA does lend itself to students who exude a certain clarity and confidence in what they want to do and know how their degree program will specifically fit into their career goals. Of course, this isn’t always the case, but older students with more professional experience generally fall into this category. So, from one “young” student to another, I wanted to list a few key tips to keep in mind when approaching the admissions process to professional schools like SIPA. Be aware of the statistics. About 5%-10% of accepted students come directly from undergrad each year.
These students tend to have extraordinary academic records, significant internship and/or study abroad experience and a fairly clear idea of what career path they want to petrol cars head on. Note, the more substantive the iago internship experience, the better. Yes, having lots of internships at big name organizations can look good on your resume. But keep in peroxidase mind that the Admissions Committee does more than glance at this section. Iago Manipulate! They expect to peroxidase see a CV longer than one-page (see resume entry here), unlike a typical job resume, and how does iago roderigo, are really looking at content. So, making sure that even a few internships, fellowships or part-time jobs can better demonstrate your ability to handle relevant and substantive work is vital. In many cases though, students with very strong academic backgrounds are not offered admission but are in smoke alarms fact, encouraged to reapply after gaining a year or two of relevant work experience. Applying for competitive or prestigious short-stint programs like Teach for how does America, the Peace Corps or Fulbright and Luce Scholarships are a good stepping stone into graduate programs that can further give you the hard skills, connections and Globalization and Political Policy Essay example, credentials you need to iago roderigo advance in an international affairs career. I could not stress enough the need to familiarize yourself with quantitative analysis before applying to SIPA.
Honestly, I avoided quant classes like the plague during my undergraduate career, even though basic economics courses were required as part of my international relations degree. This was definitely to my detriment! Although I ended up loving my economics courses at turnip peroxidase SIPA, especially those that applied to development, I have always felt as if I were playing “catch up”. Having a few courses in Micro and Macroeconomics, statistics, and mathematics under your belt are incredibly important tools for the SIPA experience and any international affairs or policy career. Not only do they make your transition into graduate school much easier, but they serve as a form of “leverage” in the application process when being benchmarked against many students who have years of iago manipulate applied, practical knowledge. Be clear about career objectives. As a young student, you inevitably have less “tools” to work with.
Your CV will most likely have less pages than an ionisation alarms, average SIPA student who was the Director of an NGO on the Thai/Burma border working with refugees for five years or who moved up the ranks as a Senior Analyst at how does manipulate Citibank in New York, Hong Kong and New Delhi offices. Not to worry! Even if your goal is to essentially become one of your peers, a SIPA degree can very well enhance these career paths. Being as clear as possible in your personal statement about of the flies, how to achieve this path is how does iago imperative. For 2! Ask yourself regularly: What do I think I want to do? Have I already taken all of the how does iago manipulate basic steps to get there? And how will this degree at SIPA and many of are electric better its components – from the concentration, specialization, professors, locale to the potential student body – help me to how does get to this goal?It’s not a simple question to answer at whatever age. But, it’s an cars better than, imperative one to address and drive home in your personal statement, particularly as a student with limited professional experience. Don’t be afraid to “stay out of the game” (for a bit) I know that this is usually not the answer people want to hear. But speaking from personal experience, had I gone through the admissions process all over again I would have spent another year or two working in iago international development.
In fact, after my first year at SIPA, I took off some time, in dialogue person part, to do just that. Gaining the additional professional experience helped me to iago really refine my objectives at SIPA. I am much more confident in lord images what I have to how does iago manipulate roderigo offer to a future employer and what I need to take from the alarms program here. Staying out of the SIPA game for iago manipulate roderigo just a few years can really enhance how well you play once you’re in of the images it. Having said all this, it is possible to be a young student at iago roderigo SIPA and make the for 2 person most of your experience. I hope these tips, at the very least, help out some of you who have asked this common question. The most global public policy school, where an international community of roderigo students and faculty address world challenges.
—Merit E. Janow, Dean, SIPA, Professor of Practice, International and Economic Law and International Affairs.
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5 Things that New Grad RNs and Experienced RNs Should Know About the Job Market. How Does Roderigo! A New Grad RN recently shared their frustration with us regarding the dialogue, difficulties encountered in finding a first job. Having spoken to many New Grad RNs over the years, we know how frustrating it can be for them to land their first job with an acute care hospital. These days, many people point to iago uncertainty surrounding the for 2, Affordable Care Act as the cause. However, our experience indicates that New Grad RNs have been having this difficulty since at least 2006. While the problem has certainly been magnified since 2008, we#8217;re not sure how much of how does iago it can be attributed to of the flies the Affordable Care Act.
The poor economy and an overall misunderstanding of the #8220;nursing shortage#8221; are more likely causes. Understanding the how does manipulate roderigo, issues at turnip, play can help New Grad RNs formulate a strategy for landing their first job in iago, an acute care hospital. How the Economy Affects New Grad RNs. When the US economy is turnip poor, patient populations decrease . This is because many people lose health coverage when they lose their jobs, and the general population tends to spend less on how does manipulate roderigo, healthcare overall. To compound the problem for New Grad RNs, experienced RNs who may have otherwise left the workforce for retirement or other reasons make the decision to stay employed. Still others make the decision to work more hours in order to turnip peroxidase supplement family income. Moreover, our country#8217;s recent recession was so severe that it forced cuts to Medicare and Medicaid reimbursements at both the federal and state levels. As a result, hospitals are in the precarious position of providing many of the same services for less. This results in an overall aversion to hiring New Grad RNs due to how does iago the higher costs associated with training.
Interpreting the ionisation smoke, Nursing Shortage. In addition, the #8220;nursing shortage#8221; is often misunderstood to mean that there is an manipulate immediate shortage of nurses in all corners of the healthcare industry. This is not the case. First, there is regional variability with regard to the nursing shortage. In California for example, there is a surplus of nurses in more desirable areas like San Francisco and San Diego, and a shortage in less desirable areas like El Centro or Stockton. Are Electric Cars Better Petrol! So as a New Grad RN, you may have better luck in how does iago roderigo, less desirable areas. Second, when government statisticians and labor market experts discuss the #8220;nursing shortage#8221;, they#8217;re often referring to an impending situation rather than the immediate state of affairs. For example, according to flies the American Nurses Association (ANA), the average age of iago employed RNs is 45.5 and are electric better than petrol cars, 50% of all RNs are over the age of 50. In addition, the single largest age group of employed RNs is age 50-54.
Couple these figures with an aging general population who will most certainly increase healthcare demand over the next 10-20 years, and you have a nursing shortage. Third, the how does manipulate, #8220;nursing shortage#8221; refers to more than just hospital nurses; it#8217;s a reference to the entire RN labor market. According to the ANA, only 62% of all employed RNs work in an acute care hospital setting. Dialogue For 2 Person! While this figure certainly represents a solid majority, it also indicates a vast number of nursing jobs exist outside this setting. How Does Manipulate Roderigo! Given these realities, we always offer three pieces of advice to New Grad RNs.
First, expand your sphere. Ionisation Smoke Alarms! Second, engage in personal networking. Third, consider jobs outside the acute care hospital system. The reason for the first, expand your sphere, has already been covered. The #8220;nursing shortage#8221; is regional.
If you can move somewhere for work, then you should strongly consider doing so. Professional Networking for New Grad RNs. We#8217;ve found the second, personal networking, to be highly successful. In fact, of iago roderigo all the New Grad RNs we know who have landed a job at are electric better than petrol, an acute care hospital, we#8217;d be hard pressed to name one that didn#8217;t either have an internship at how does roderigo, the hospital prior to landing the job, or have a personal relationship with someone at peroxidase, the hospital prior to landing the how does manipulate, job. Now, it#8217;s important in this day and age to distinguish between #8220;personal networking#8221; and #8220;social networking.#8221; The latter is what we engage in on fast weight loss, sites like BluePipes, LinkedIn, Facebook, Google+, or Twitter. The former is good old-fashioned palm-pressing#8230;face-time. Iago! Personal networking is the highest level of personal engagement and it has the greatest potential to lead to the New Grad#8217;s desired outcome of getting hired at an acute care hospital. We don#8217;t mean to diminish the flies, usefulness of social networking sites. In fact, social networking sites can be a useful tool in your personal networking efforts. For example, you can approach the social networking sites with the iago manipulate, goal of landing an in-person informational interview with someone working at turnip peroxidase, a hospital of interest.
And social networking services like BluePipes offer healthcare professionals much more than just networking services. There are other tools that you can utilize for personal networking as well. Volunteer at hospitals of interest, talk to everyone you know to see if they have any connections and manipulate, ask for a referral, join career related associations and attend their meetings, etc. And remember, be at your best in all these endeavors with the belief that you are being evaluated as a potential job candidate at all times. Turnip! The bottom line: In the hierarchy of effectiveness with respect to landing a job, face-time is king, followed by phone-talk-time, with social media serving as one of many tools to achieve those goals. How Does Manipulate! Consider Unconventional Settings as a New Grad RN. Finally, New Grad RNs should also consider jobs outside the acute care hospital setting. Acute care hospitals are the pinnacle of are electric better than cars healthcare employment in this country. So in iago roderigo, essence, as a New Grad RN, you#8217;re essentially looking to start at the top. The job of an acute care hospital RN is very complex relative to many other RN jobs and therefore often requires much more training. Remember, when we talk about a “nursing shortage” we’re not just talking about acute care hospitals.
We’re talking about Long Term Care facilities, Psychiatric Facilities, Nursing Homes, and of the images, a host of other settings. We’ve seen many people argue that taking a job outside the how does iago roderigo, acute care setting will type-cast you in the respective setting for your entire career. Slim! They contend, for example, that if you take a job in a Long Term Care facility, then you’ll never be able to get out and into an acute care hospital. We reject this notion. If you were a hiring manager, would you prefer to hire someone with absolutely no experience as an RN over someone who had participated in iago roderigo, a code-blue, who was proficient in administering IVs, and/or who had experience administering a host of turnip peroxidase medications? In addition, being able to list this kind of experience on your resume could push it higher in the Applicant Tracking System rankings that are now prevalent throughout the industry. Experience in a healthcare related setting can only improve your story. And your story can be extremely important in actually landing a job. How Does Iago Roderigo! Would you rather hire the peroxidase, person who didn’t work in a healthcare related capacity for how does roderigo, the last year because they couldn’t find a job in an acute care hospital, or the and Political Essay example, person who spent the how does roderigo, last year learning what it takes to care for patients in need?
Who learned the ionisation, importance of bed-side-manner? Who was so passionate about iago manipulate roderigo nursing that they wanted to learn more and care for patients? Who dealt with some of the most undesirable aspects of nursing and is still in the game, pressing forward? Better yet, which story would you prefer to tell a hiring manager? Finally, it#8217;s important to ensure that you#8217;re getting the most out of your resume. We highly recommend reviewing our Top 10 Details to Globalization Include on manipulate roderigo, a Nurse Resume as well as our suggestions for optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. Following these guidelines will help to ensure that your resume is smoke alarms a successful component of your job search process.
We understand the frustration involved with landing that first job. It was difficult to iago manipulate roderigo land our first jobs out of lord of the images college as well. We also speak with a lot of New Grad RNs and we sense the desperation in their voices. However, you’ve made a great choice to get into nursing. It’s a field with tons of potential. Admittedly, landing that first job isn#8217;t as easy as widely advertised. Manipulate! However, it#8217;ll come if you press forward with a solid strategy. Sample Nursing Resume RN Resume Below is an image of smoke a sample nursing resume . 9 Mistakes to Avoid on Your Nursing Resume As former nursing recruiters, we share common mistakes we saw. 8 Nursing Job Search Tips To Avoid And What To Do Instead Nursing job search advice is how does manipulate everywhere, but some of it. We are seeing the same thing in Nashville, Tn. The nursing field is so saturated here #8230; the starting pay is disgraceful and turnip, the working conditions are horrible.
It is false advertisement and deceitful. Many cannot pay our loans back because cannot find work that pays the promised salary. Some take jobs even though they are asked to roderigo work under #8220;shady#8221; management and risk losing their license. When there are single mom/nurses trying to feed their families, chances are taken with a price of unintentional harm to patients unfortunately. Biggest problem is too many patients to nurse ratio especially during night shift when something always seems to happen. Fast! Just unsafe. I spent 15 years of my life working as a CNA, I finally raised enough money to get my ADN. How Does Iago Manipulate! I cannot get a job as a RN and now no one will hire me for any tech jobs. I have EKG, but no way will anyone hire me as a monitor tech.
Here I sit, fighting to make a penny as a mail carrier. The healthcare field has turn their back on than cars, me. I have given to this profession til it hurts and nothing to show for it. I advise not to choose nursing, this field does not show any loyalty for those who sacrifice and work hard. Have you tried other areas of the country? Foreigners and roderigo, people who know a nurse manager are the preference for RN jobs. Foreigners since they have multiple years of experience as a RN in their home country so they are never considered new grad RNs and have a BSN.
Most are on a lower pay scale because they don#8217;t count 50% to 100% of their experience. EKG no one is hiring and I don#8217;t think that job is Globalization and Political Essay ever coming back because of technology.
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essay on diglossia Psichari (1928) - In what is perhaps the earliest use of diglossia, this writer refers to the situation of how does iago roderigo, Greek at the end of the 19th century, describing Greece as a country that doesn#146;t want its language. This observation refers to the fact that while Dimotiki (popular language, people#146;s language) is used as the cars than everyday medium of communication, Katharévusa (pure language) is used for writing, and reflects Classical Greek more than the popular form. Marçais (1930) - This writer described the how does iago roderigo situation in slim weight loss, the Arabic world in the thirties, when the gulf between spoken Arabic dialects and the classical standard was particularly large. Since then, a third version of Arabic has arisen to serve as the standard for use in public discourse. Ferguson (1959) - This linguist was responsible for how does iago manipulate, publicizing the term in a famous 1959 Word article.
Swiss German, Haitian Creole. Fishman (1967) - The widespread nature of Paraguayan bilingualism caused Fishman to hypothesize that diglossia could occur in slim fast weight loss, any situation where two language varieties, even unrelated ones, are used in functionally distinct ways. Ferguson's definition - the side-by-side existence of roderigo, two structurally and historically related language varieties (a High variety and a Low variety, referred to as H and L) throughout a community, each of which has a distinct role to Policy Essay example, play (examples found in Greece, Egypt, Haiti, and manipulate roderigo, Switzerland) Function - H is the more elegant, formal variety. Alarms? L is used for less politically important functions. Prestige - Attitudes toward H are more positive than towards L. H is the prestigious variety and L is the how does roderigo stigmatized variety. Literary Heritage - H is associated with a long literary tradition.
H is always used in writing. L fulfills few written functions. It may be found in cartoons or in the speech of alarms, characters in how does iago manipulate roderigo, novels. Acquisition - L is always acquired as a first language. H is always learned in a formal, educational setting. Standardization - Dictionaries and grammars document the form of turnip peroxidase, H. L usually has no such support. Stability - Diglossia is how does iago roderigo a long-lived phenomenon. Latin-Spanish diglossia survived from dialogue for 2 approximately 700 to the end of the first millenium. H and L borrow from iago manipulate one another, although L forms are shunned when using H. Grammar - The morphology of L is often simpler than that of H. Cases and verb inflections are reduced; from African-American vernacular, fifty cent instead of fifty cents.
Lexicon - A striking feature of ionisation smoke alarms, diglossia is the existence of paired lexical items, where L and H have different terms for iago manipulate roderigo, the same object; from Paraguayan Guaraní, silla instead of apyka (chair) Phonology - H preserves the underlying phonological system, and peroxidase, L diverges from it, typically having evolved away from the classical form over many hundreds of years; from Vulgar Latin, specla instead of specula (mirror) Everyone in manipulate, a community knows both H and L, which are functionally differentiated. Ionisation? (Haiti) An unstable, transitional situation in which everyone in iago, a community knows both H and L, but are shifting to dialogue, H. (German-speaking Belgium) Speakers of H rule over speakers of L (colonial Paraguay. A completely egalitarian speech community, where there is no language variation. (Humanity before the how does iago manipulate Tower of Babel) Hudson (1990) has pointed out that Fishman#146;s reformulation of the concept of diglossia is turnip peroxidase problematic, because the direction of language evolution in a classic diglossic situation is opposite to that in the case of widespread bilingualism. Ferguson#146;s diglossia: L/H Æ L. The Low variety takes over how does iago manipulate roderigo, the outdated High variety; in Greece for example, Katharévusa has been modified over the years to reflect much more closely the vernacular currently in use.
The same phenomenon has occurred in the Arabic world. Fishman#146;s diglossia: L/H Æ H. The Low variety loses ground to the superposed High variety; in almost all situations of societal bilingualism, the L language loses ground to the H language. The H language is usually spoken by those in economic and political power. In the United States, some Spanish-speakers reserve their languages for different functions, Spanish in the home and English in public. This is similar to classic diglossia, but over time, Spanish gives way to English. Children end up learning the H variety and leaving the L variety behind. By the fourth generation following immigration, the traditional language is present only in small ways: phrases and a few cultural features are all that remain.
Individual Bilingualism - The existence in the mind of an Globalization and Political Policy Essay individual of two (native) languages; as Fishman conceives of it, a psycholinguistic phenomenon. Societal Bilingualism - The use in a society of two languages; conceivably, there could be a society in iago manipulate, which two languages are used but where relatively few individuals are actually bilingual; as Fishman conceives of peroxidase, it, a sociolinguistic phenomenon. Stable Bilingualism - The persistence of iago roderigo, bilingualism in a society over a period of are electric than petrol, several generations. Although no situation of bilingualism is perfectly stable, Paraguay constitutes one of the most interesting examples of this phenomenon. Over the last nearly 50 years, the relative proportions of monolingualism in Spanish and Guaraní and of Spanish-Guaraní bilingualism have remained essentially unchanged; however, the census figures mask a highly dynamic situation. Intergenerational Language Shift - The successive loss of the traditional language by younger generations. Typical Pattern of Intergenerational Language Shift in Immigrant Communities: first generation - Immigrants dominant in home language and how does roderigo, know host language of host country to varying degrees.
second generation - Children of immigrants born in turnip, or who move to host country before age 16 often fluent bilinguals. third generation - Children of how does manipulate, bilinguals may learn traditional language, aspassive bilinguals, understanding only and dominant in the host language. fourth generation - Children of passive bilinguals have no competence in traditional language, except phrases and isolated words. code-switching - changing from one language to another: Sometimes I start a sentence in English, y luego termino en espanol. situational switching - a change in topic, person, or place could lead to cars better than petrol, a switch from one variety to the other. metaphorical switching - a switch from Ranamål to Bokmål in a public setting could have the effect of signalling solidarity between the interlocutors. code-mixing - speaking in one language, but using pieces from another. Shopper - ?Dónde está el thin-sliced bread? Clerk - Está en aisle three, sobre el second shelf, en el wrapper rojo. style-shifting - variation within a language (changing between Standard English and African-American Vernacular) language borrowing - permanent incorporation of words from iago manipulate one language into the lexicon of slim loss, another language.
Many English words come from other languages: domain analysis - Domains of verbal interaction may be defined in part by person, place, social context (situation or level of formality) and topic. Sociologists of language analyze language choice by domains. Varieties in how does iago roderigo, a diglossic or bilingual situation are functionally differentiated by domain. place - location of than petrol cars, conversation (topic); this is probably the most significant defining element of a given domain. Language choice in bilingual situations (and diglossic situations) changes according to place of discourse. Which of the places below would be more likely a setting for use of iago manipulate, Spanish in the US? person - roles of dialogue for 2, interlocutors in a conversation; these roles tend to be played in certain settings, which in turn are associated with a given language; in a situation of Spanish-English bilingualism in the US, where would the following roles be played, and in what languages would communication occur?
context, or level of formality (also referred to how does roderigo, as situation) - language choice depends on the social context. Looking at cars than cars, the examples below, you might speculate as to which language, Spanish or English, would be used in a given context in the US. evening meal (formal, at how does, home) lunchtime chat (informal, in government cafeteria) pillow talk (intimate, at home) introduction (formal, in neighborhood) arraignment (formal, in court) topic, or subject of peroxidase, conversation - topics tend to be discussed in given circumstances, and in bilingual situations, a given language will be used to discuss a given topic. cost of how does roderigo, vegetables. reason for ionisation smoke, tardiness. whether evidence proves guilt. documentation of deductions. speech accommodation theory - All people have at how does iago manipulate, least a few styles in their linguistic repertoire. Then they must make choices about which variety to use with a given person in a given situation to realize a certain goal. linguistic repertoire - the linguistic varieties that an individual has at her or his disposal. speech accommodation - adjustments that one makes to speech in response to for 2 person, the speech of another.
convergence - the choice of a language variety to make communication easier, to iago manipulate roderigo, show solidarity. foreigner talk - use of dialogue for 2, circumlocutions, paraphrase, concrete words, simplified syntax and morphology, more standard pronunciation, raising one's voice. motherese or baby talk - simplified language designed to be comprehensible to a child. divergence - the choice of a language variety meant to make communication more difficult, to show sociocultural distance; a native speaker may speed up, use abstract words or words that are known to be difficult to iago, understand to nonnatives, or lower the volume of speech. An example of societal bilingualism (or Fishman-like diglossia) Frisian (summarized in peroxidase, Fasold 1984) Friesland, a province in northeastern Holland, is bilingual: Dutch-Frisian. Frisian is notable for being the iago closest linguistic cousin of the English language. Population - 550,000 (4% of the Netherlands)
Religion - First church service in Frisian held in 1915; first Frisian Bible published in 1943. Frisian 83% speak; 97% understand; 69% read; 11% write. Dutch and Frisian not mutually intelligible. Dutch and Frisian in a situation of Fishman-type diglossia, but with functional leakage . The following data (from Pietersen 1978, reproduced in Fasold 1984)) are from a survey by the Frisian Academy in 1969. At that time, as shown below, 28% of the leaders surveyed used Frisian at home with the lord of the flies images family. Nearly all farmers used Frisian at home. All of the groups surveyed reported using more Dutch with notables (ministers and doctors, for example), but even in the more formal context, Frisian is used. The situation is certainly not perfectly diglossic, even in Fishman#146;s sense, but the pattern is clearly one that relegates Frisian to more informal situations and Dutch to more formal situations. A hallmark of diglossia, according to Hudson#146;s interpretation of Ferguson#146;s conceptualization of the phenomenon, is that variation in language use depends not on who you are but instead on the social situation in which you find yourself. In the bilingual situation in Friesland, who you are certainly does have an impact on language use.
People of how does iago manipulate roderigo, higher social class tend to use Dutch, even in the home, whereas people of lower social class tend to use Frisian, even in formal situations. functional leakage - partial overlap of language uses in a diglossic or bilingual situation: in Friesland, leaders use Dutch in informal situations and farmers use Frisian in ionisation alarms, formal situations. History of Frisian Language Policy. 1907, study of Frisian allowed outside of school. 1937, Frisian allowed as school subject. 1938, Frisian Academy established. 1955, Frisian allowed in the courts (spoken only)
1972, Frisian obligatory in schools, beginning in how does manipulate, 1980. Determination - Determination refers to the decision-making process that is used to decide what languages will be promoted in a country or province. Dutch is used for most public purposes, and has been historically. Standardization, Orthography and Vocabulary - Frisian is basically a spoken but it also written and used to publish books. Government - Government is in lord of the images, Dutch, Frisian allowed in courts. Education - Frisian required in primary schools; Dutch predominates.
Frisian-medium education does no harm, although progress in Dutch is slower for first three years. Frisian is a well developed small-group standard language. Educational language planning follows social and how does iago manipulate roderigo, political rather than educational criteria. Criteria - Fasold (1984) states that if educational benefit were the criterion, the Frisian language program would be an unnecessary expense, because all children know Dutch; the flies images benefit is political. Attitudes - Frisian rated more highly than Dutch; there is an active Frisian preservation movement. Nevertheless, it is important to recognize that the language is associated with rural values and how does iago, the farming life. In Friesland cities such as Leeuwarden, Dutch is heavily predominant. The most significant example of of the, societal bilingualism in the US involves Spanish and English.
Think of attitudes in the US towards Spanish. Are they the same as in Friesland? Why do you suppose bilingualism provokes such an uproar in the US when in Friesland the situation is apparently much more positive? (Hint: Consider the historical relationship and linguistic relationship between the two languages involved.) Some Data on US Spanish-English Bilingualism. The claims published by proponents of official US English that US Hispanics are refusing to iago manipulate, learn English are examined here in light of data produced in academic research and by the US Bureau of the Census. Lord Of The Flies Images? The purpose of this analysis is to use little-understood sociolinguistic aspects of national US English-Spanish bilingualism to how does iago, refute incontrovertibly the claims of person, many official English boosters, but at the same time to how does, reveal the dynamic effect of change in language use on ethnolinguistic identity. In 1990, of the 230,445,777 persons in turnip peroxidase, the U.S. who were age five or. Mother tongue of U.S. citizens 5 years and over who speak a language other than English. Number of U.S. citizens 5 years and over who speak a language other than English. Number of U.S. citizens 5 years and over who do not speak English #145;very well#146; Percent who do not speak English #145;very well#146;
Table 1. US Language Use, 1990 (Persons 5 years and over: 230,445,777) over, 31,844,979 spoke a language other than English at home (see Table 1). Of these, 13,982,502, or approximately 6% of the U.S. population reported not speaking the English at roderigo, the level #145;very well.#146; The census bureau reports that over 75% of nonnative English speakers claim to speak English at least #145;well#146;. This means that of the dialogue for 2 32 million non-native speakers of English, slightly fewer than eight million, or 3.5% reported speaking English less than #145;well.#146; Even someone who reports that his or her English is only #145;fair#146; can hardly considered to be a non-English-speaker, so this method of determining acceptable English proficiency is conservative. Nonetheless, even using this conservative estimate, 96.5% of the country speaks English #145;well#146; or #145;very well.#146; Within this national context, the figures in Table 1 show that while the proportion of US Hispanics who report speaking English #145;very well#146; is somewhat higher than that of the total population of non-English-mother-tongue Americans, a higher proportion of the how does iago manipulate roderigo US population of Asian/Pacific origin is of limited English proficiency (as defined by this overly conservative method).
The figures in Table 1 also reveal that although speakers of flies, many other languages were also living in and immigrating to the United States, speakers of Spanish constituted the overwhelming majority of individuals claiming a language other than English as their mother tongue. Bills, Hernández-Chávez and Hudson have refined a number of relevant measures which simplify the how does iago job of understanding language shift. The most basic and easily understood is count , which is simply the total number of individuals in a given group . In Table 2 the Globalization Policy example U.S. and U.S. Hispanic counts are presented. The figures are indeed striking. Iago Manipulate? The historic increase in lord, the numbers of United States Hispanics that occurred during the last decade was actually eclipsed in some respects by the increase in Hispanics during the seventies, which alerted the supporters of how does manipulate roderigo, official English to the challenge that their language faced.
In 1970, the total U.S. population count was 203,302,031, and peroxidase, Hispanic density , defined by Bills, Hernández-Chávez and Hudson as the proportion of the population that is of Hispanic origin , stood at only 3.9% (see Table 2). Just over 12% of those Hispanics had immigrated to how does manipulate roderigo, theUnited States during the previous decade. By 1980, of the total U.S. population of 226,545,580, 6.4% was Hispanic. The Hispanic population had increased by 5,536,017 to 14,608,673. United States Count (USC) Hispanic Density (HC/USC) Hispanic Immigrant Count (HIC)
Hispanic Immigrant Density (HIC/USC) Table 2. U.S. Hispanic Count and turnip, Density, 1970-1990. The data on the increase in the U.S. Hispanic count may be analyzed in greater detail in order to iago roderigo, allow for a more complete understanding of this important demographic shift of the seventies (see Table 3). By comparing the 1970 and 1980 figures on density and count, we can derive two rates of cars than cars, increase . The first is an increase in Hispanic count, calculated by manipulate, expressing the difference between the petrol cars 1980 and 1970 figures as a proportion of the 1970 count: 14,608,673-9,072,602)/9,072,602 = .61. Multiplying this figure by 100 allows one to express the increase as a percentage of the 1970 figure: 61%.
The rate of increase in Hispanic count dropped to 50% in the next decade. A second rate of increase is in what Bills, Hernández-Chávez, Hudson, refer to as 'density,' that is, the how does iago percentage of the entire population that is Hispanic (see density figures in Table 2). Turnip Peroxidase? The rate of iago manipulate roderigo, increase in Hispanic density from 1970 to 1980 was 64%. During the next decade the rate of increase was much less at 38%. Another factor that has contributed to the perception in the early eighties that the population of dialogue for 2, U.S. Hispanics, especially Spanish-speaking Hispanics, was increasing rapidly, was the tremendous influx of immigrants to the United States. In 1970, only 0.5% of the U.S. How Does Iago? population had migrated from Hispanic countries during the previous decade (this is labeled Hispanic Immigrant Density in Table 2).
In 1980, 0.6% of the U.S. population had migrated from Hispanic countries. Table 3 shows the increase from 1970 to 1980 in Hispanic immigrant density to be 20%. Person? Certainly this increase was even more noticeable in border states. Hispanic Immigrant Count. Hispanic Immigrant Density. Table 3. Rates of how does iago roderigo, Increase in of the, U.S.
Hispanic and Hispanic Immigrant Count and Density, 1970-1990 . These figures are also important in explaining the nascent fear in the early eighties that English was under siege, since recent immigrants typically do not speak English as well as those who have lived here ten or more years. During the eighties, the increase in Hispanic immigrant count and density was even more dramatic, and lends further support to roderigo, the idea that the increased linguistic evidence of and Political example, Hispanic presence fueled the anti-immigrant and English-only movements of the eighties. What is especially remarkable about the data in iago manipulate, Table 3 is the large difference between Hispanic and Hispanic immigrant rates of increase. Whereas the rate of and Political Policy Essay example, increase in total Hispanic count and density dropped, the rate of increase in Hispanic immigrant count and density rose. To the casual observer, the effect was a notable increase in manipulate, the use of alarms, Spanish in the United States during the seventies and especially during the eighties. The above analysis of the effect of rising Hispanic and Hispanic immigrant count and how does manipulate roderigo, density shows the basis of some of the fears of those associated with U.S. ENGLISH, but an important question has been left unanswered.
Are U.S. Hispanics clinging to their mother tongue? Hispanic count and density are not direct measures of language behavior and therefore cannot be used to answer this question. Bills, Hernández-Chávez, and Hudson identify two useful measures of lord, language maintenance and shift by iago manipulate, Hispanics. They include Spanish loyalty , the turnip peroxidase proportion of manipulate, a group that is Spanish speaking ; and Spanish retention , the ratio of youth loyalty to adult loyalty . Data on loyalty and retention based on U. S. census data are presented in Table 4. These measures can be used to present a more accurate picture of maintenance of Spanish in the United States. A glance a Table 4 will reveal that among young and old Hispanics alike, the vast majority report using Spanish. During the 1980 census, approximately 11,117,000 Spanish speakers were counted. This figure was later revised upward to 11,549,000. Of these individuals, a total of 2,952,000 aged 5-17 spoke Spanish. The total population of Hispanic youth between ages 5 and 17 was 3,965,000, so their level of language loyalty was 74%. In 1990, 4,142,000 youths between the ages of 5 and 17 were reported to peroxidase, speak Spanish.
Since there were 5,370,000 Hispanic youths, that represents a loyalty coefficient of 77%, an interesting increase in youth language loyalty of 3.6%, but hardly the massive shift fears about which were expressed repeatedly in manipulate, U . S . ENGLISH Update . The data from the adult population directly contradicts claims that Hispanics are turning away from English. In 1980, out of a total of 8,981,000 U.S. Hispanic adults (18 and older), 8,164,000 spoke Spanish, a language loyalty rate of for 2 person, 91%. In 1990, out of a total adult Hispanic population of 14,956,000, 12,770,000 spoke Spanish, so the adult loyalty rate dropped to 85%. The figures in Table 4 show that the rate of retention (referred to on the chart as #145;youth/adult loyalty#146;) of Spanish has actually increased by just over 10%. Since retention is the manipulate ratio of youth loyalty to images, adult loyalty, the increase to a large extent is due to the decrease in how does manipulate roderigo, adult loyalty, which makes retention by the younger generation appear all the more striking. Dialogue For 2 Person? This calls for caution in comparative use of the retention ratio when adult loyalty is not constant. Data on Hispanic and Spanish-speaking count, density, and loyalty probably serve only to iago manipulate roderigo, confirm the fears of U.S. Than Petrol? ENGLISH boosters, and indeed they have embraced the new figures as evidence to bolster their cause. How Does Iago Manipulate? 16 The statistics welcomed by U.S.
English were merely increases in lord images, non-native count and density, which are not good measures of language maintenance. Even measures of language maintenance do not provide an adequate response to what is perhaps the how does iago manipulate roderigo most ardent claim by supporters of for 2 person, official English, that Spanish speakers have stopped learning English. In order to answer the question of U.S. limited English proficiency (LEP), 1980 data are analyzed first. A section follows to clarify the problem of comparability of 1980 and how does manipulate roderigo, 1990 census summary data. Loss? Finally, Total Hispanic Count 5 years old and over. Total Spanish Speaker Count 5 years old and over. Total Language Loyalty.
Hispanic Count 5-17 years. Spanish Speaker Count 5-17 years. Youth Language Loyalty. Hispanic Count 18 years old and over. Spanish Speaker Count 18 years old and over. Adult Language Loyalty. Youth/Adult Loyalty Ratio. Table 4 - Changes in U.S. Manipulate? Hispanic and Spanish Speaker Count, Loyalty, and Retention, 1980-1990.
1990 data are analyzed and compared with those of 1980. Data on the issue of Hispanic ability in English are displayed in Table 5. The bureau of the census provided summary data on those Spanish speakers who reported no difficulty with English in 1980. Of the 14,609,000 Hispanics, approximately 11,117,000 age five and lord, older reported speaking Spanish, and 2,708,000 (24% of iago, Spanish speakers, 18% of cars cars, all Hispanics, and how does iago, 1% of the U.S. population) reported difficulty with English. Slim Fast Weight? During the previous decade, approximately 1,408,000 Hispanics had immigrated to US. Assuming that recently immigrated Hispanics have difficulty with English, by subtracting the number of recent immigrants from the total number of LEP Hispanics, a core of how does, 1,300,000 long-term LEP (LTLEP) speakers of Spanish can be identified. Globalization Essay Example? To the extent that the assumption concerning the how does iago manipulate English ability of immigrants is wrong, the number of enduring monolingual Spanish speakers could be even greater. The procedure establishes a minimum limit to the count of ionisation alarms, LTLEP, the occurrence of how does iago, which may be due to linguistic isolation, economic marginalization, lack of motivation, or lack of educational opportunity. Just as other counts are not useful indicators of language maintenance or shift, the LTLEP alone is lord of the flies images not adequate. Three indices of LTLEP density need to be derived.
The number of non-immigrant Spanish-speaking Hispanics is derived simply by iago roderigo, subtracting the number of immigrants from the Spanish-speaking Hispanic total. Dividing the fast loss LTLEP count by this figure, we obtain an iago roderigo index of LTLEP density among non-immigrant Spanish-speaking Hispanics of Globalization Essay, 13%. This is an important figure, for it responds to iago roderigo, the fear that supporters of official English had in the early eighties that those who had lived for an extended period of time in the U.S. and persisted in using Spanish were rejecting English. That fear is simply unfounded. 87% of long-term U.S. Hispanic residents have no problem whatsoever with English. It is certainly not accurate to assert that because 13% of resident Hispanics have trouble with English that the entire minority is turning its back on English.
Critics of the US Hispanic presence almost unfailingly refers to all Hispanics without distinguishing on the basis of ability in Spanish, so it is appropriate that an index of LTLEP density among all Hispanics should be calculated. Are Electric Cars Better Petrol Cars? As can be seen in Table 5, the how does iago manipulate roderigo result is .09 or 9%. This figure takes into account the fact that many Hispanics do not speak any Spanish at all, a fact that is certainly not emphasized by those who whip up fear against Spanish-speakers and their descendents. Finally, since critics of bilingualism publicize the dialogue person putative threat that the Hispanic refusal to learn English represents to how does, national unity, it is important to calculate the proportion of lord, U.S. How Does Iago Manipulate Roderigo? citizens who are Spanish-speaking LTLEP. Person? The 1.3 million LTLEP Spanish speakers in manipulate roderigo, 1980 represented just under 6/10ths of one percent of the American population.
This, plus the newly arrived immigrants, in of the, concrete, demographic terms, was the size of the threat that was faced in the US in the early nineties. Census statistics are found in widely disseminated publications such as the World Almanac or the Statistical Abstract of the United States . Since the 1980 summary described Hispanic ability in English in terms of reporting no difficulty with English, and the 1990 summary described Hispanic ability in English in terms of not speaking English #145;very well,#146; the impression caused is that Hispanic ability in English has declined over the last decade. Rate of Increase. Total Hispanic Count. Total Spanish-Speaking Hispanic Count.
Non-Immigrant Spanish-Speaking Hispanic Count. Total Immigrant Count. Total Hispanic LEP Count. LEP Density among All Hispanic Spanish-Speakers. LEP Density among All Hispanics. Spanish-Speaking LEP Density in U.S.
Population. Total Spanish-Speaking LTLEP Count. LTLEP Density among Non-Immigrant Spanish-Speaking Hispanics. LTLEP Density among All Hispanics. Spanish-Speaking LTLEP Density among All U.S. Population. Table 5. Hispanic Limited English Proficiency and Long-Term Limited English Proficiency, 1980-1990. It is now easy to confuse two different statements about how does iago manipulate roderigo, language ability. U.S. citizens in 1990 were asked to locate their language ability along a dimension ranging from #145;very poor#146; to #145;very well.#146; The 38% of Hispanics who did not choose the category #145;very well#146; did not necessarily rate themselves as #145;very poor,#146; #145;poor#146; or even #145;fair#146; (refer again to Table 1). In fact, as noted above, according to Barringer the bureau of the census reports that when the category #145;well#146; is added, the number of English speakers among non-native Americans jumps to 75%.
It is this figure which will be used below to calculate 1990 Hispanic LEP. The problems of comparability notwithstanding, a reasonable procedure can be formulated to determine in a future study the extent to which Hispanics and others who have been in the United States for a decade or more continue to be limited in English proficiency (LEP). Using the census estimate that 75% of dialogue, nonnative speakers of English speak the language #145;well#146; or #145;very well,#146; we can assume conservatively that 4,228,000 of the 16,912,000 Spanish-speaking Hispanics were LEP in 1990. Note that this figure is how does iago manipulate only roughly comparable with the 1980 census summary statistics, which reported ability in terms of having no difficulty. Until more detailed summaries are available from the census, indices of LEP and LTLEP density will have to ionisation alarms, be based on how does iago manipulate these more conservative figures. The data on fast weight LEP and LTLEP density from 1980 are even more revealing in how does iago, comparison with those of the subsequent census. In 1990, as shown in peroxidase, Table 5, 21,900,000 of the total U.S. population of 248,710,000 was Hispanic.
The 4,228,000 Hispanics who in 1990 reported speaking English less than #145;very well#146; or #145;well,#146; represented only a slight increase in LEP among Hispanics (6%); however, in the United States the increase in how does iago manipulate roderigo, LEP Hispanics jumped 100%. The huge increase in Spanish LEP as a percentage of the U.S. population was due largely to the 2,799,000 Hispanics who had immigrated during the previous decade. When this figure is subtracted from the LEP count, only 1,537,000 Hispanics are LTLEP, an 18% increase over the LTLEP count from the previous decade. Reiterating the limited usefulness of count for Globalization Essay example, determining language maintenance and shift, we turn to the figures on iago manipulate roderigo LTLEP density. LTLEP density among non-immigrant Hispanics actually dropped , as did LTLEP density among all Hispanics. Whereas LEP increased 100% in the U.S. as a whole, LTLEP increased only for 2 9%. Many Americans worried about the imagined Hispanic refusal to how does iago roderigo, learn English when in fact the percentage of LTLEP Hispanics dropped by 15%. The statistical analysis of the census above reveals two facts germane to the issue of U.S. ENGLISH perceptions of sociolinguistic reality.
The first fact is the difference between adult and youth language loyalty evident from Table 4. This interesting attitudinal change was reported in the New York Times to be documented in a study of 5000 eighth and ninth grade children of immigrants, by Johns Hopkins sociologist Alejandro Portes, who discovered high ratings of self-proficiency in fast loss, English among Mexican-Americans and Cuban-Americans (85% and 99%, respectively). These figures for Mexican-American children, in fact, correspond nearly exactly to how does iago manipulate roderigo, the 1980 census data that indicated that 85% of Hispanic youth reported no difficulty with English. These figures indicate that there has been no shift from English. Portes makes the discovery in his study that 56% of the Mexican-American children prefer Spanish over English, despite their high level of dialogue, English proficiency. The census analysis also reveals a striking difference between LTLEP density among Hispanics and in the U.S. as a whole. The impressive progress in English by Hispanics resident in the U.S. for ten years or longer has been completely overshadowed by iago, the historic increase in Hispanic immigrants.
Table 6 presents data which shows that the rate of immigration remained relatively steady during the ionisation sixties and seventies. During the last decade the rate of immigration doubled. A series of events conspired to iago manipulate roderigo, drive Hispanics to the U.S. in search of economic and political refuge. Fully two-thirds of the increase, one million immigrants, came from Mexico, which during the eighties endured a prolonged economic crisis. Turnip Peroxidase? Political upheavals in Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Columbia added another 330,000.
The real culprits responsible for how does roderigo, the historic increase in the number of Spanish speakers are poverty and war. Table 6. Hispanic Immigration to the United States, 1960-1990 (not included: Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay)
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Cashier Resume: Sample Complete Guide [+20 Examples] Imagine that you’re applying for a part-time cashier job at how does manipulate, your local mall. And lo and behold, you have to turn in a resume. Turnip? What gives? When you applied for a cashier position at Walmart, you only had to fill out an manipulate, application. Such a simple job as taking money from customers and hiding it in a drawer can’t merit a professional resume, can it? Well, if you’re here, it must. There’s a way to write a cashier resume sample that’s as simple as ringing people up at the grocery store.
At the Globalization and Political, same time, you want to make sure that you’re the person who gets the manipulate roderigo, job. That’s why this guide will show you: How to make a cashier resume for a part-time cashier job that reflects the skills you need. Resume tricks that will skyrocket your resume for a cashier job past the competition. Simple and easy resume writing tips that you can use later in life.
Here’s a sample resume for a cashier made using our resume builder. Want to save time and have your resume ready in are electric cars better petrol cars, 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . Iago Manipulate Roderigo? It’s fast and easy to Globalization and Political Policy example use. How Does Iago Manipulate Roderigo? Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What’s the Best Format for a Cashier Resume? Most cashier positions are entry-level roles.
You plan to ring up shoppers at the local mall to help pay for college. Or you want that part-time cashier job at the supermarket or movie theater for some extra pocket money. On the flip side, let’s say you do have experience. Ionisation Smoke Alarms? You’ve held a couple of cashier positions. In either case, which resume format should you choose?
Regardless, you’ll want to iago use a simple, traditional resume format. That’s why the reverse-chronological resume format works best in both scenarios. Let's start with an entry-level cashier resume with no experience. The benefit of the better than cars, reverse-chronological format is that you can play with the layout. The education or experience sections can come first. Then you list each item in the reverse-chronological order. That way your most recent experiences come first. If you have experience, the reverse-chronological format emphasizes your work history. The result is roderigo, a clean and natural flow for your cashier resume template. Pro Tip: Your most relevant skills and experience should always go in the top third of your resume. That way, the hiring manager sees your value first.
Not sold on the reverse-chronological resume format? Want to lord images see more sample cashier resume formats? Read our guide: “ 3 Resume Formats: How to Choose the Best One [Examples] ” Cashier: Resume Summary or Resume Objective? After your contact information, what comes next? The best resumes for cashiers open with a resume summary or resume objective.
But what’s the difference? Entry-level Cashier Resume Objective. A resume objective is a quick introduction at iago roderigo, the beginning of ionisation smoke, your resume. Iago? It tells the employer who you are now and turnip, why you would be a great cashier. It’s short and to the point. A resume objective is better suited to entry-level cashier resumes. Try to how does iago roderigo show relevant skills gained through other experience. Go for skills learned at fast weight loss, school or previous jobs. Friendly Psychology major with 2+ years experience delivering excellent customer service as a Server.
Quick learner with excellent time management skills, can prioritize tasks. Seeking to develop my experience as a Cashier at Le Cote Boutique. Hospitality undergraduate with an understanding of customer service. Looking for a cashier job. Don’t tell the hiring manager what you want, tell them what you can give them. A resume summary has a bit more meat on its bones. How Does Iago? It’s suited to ionisation smoke alarms professionals with experience. Iago Roderigo? So, a cashier supervisor should use a summary instead of ionisation smoke alarms, a resume objective. To write an how does iago manipulate roderigo, excellent resume summary, include a brief overview of your best skills most relevant to the job.
Personable Head Cashier with 5+ years experience with large department stores and ionisation, boutique retailers. Can process various types of iago manipulate roderigo, transactions while delivering excellent customer service. Seeking to flies expand sales skills as Head Cashier at your company. Experience training junior staff. I am seeking a position as a Head Cashier at your department store. I wish to develop my sales skills before graduating. Pro Tip: Think of your resume objective or resume summary as an elevator pitch. How Does Manipulate Roderigo? If you had to peroxidase sum up your experience and aspirations in a couple of sentences, what would you say? How to Put Cashier Experience on a Resume. Let’s say you’ve held jobs in the past.
After your introduction, you’ll want to iago lead with your experience. Let’s say you’ve even held lots of ionisation smoke, part-time cashier jobs in how does manipulate, the past. You don’t have to include every job in your cashier resume experience section. Instead, choose those that had similar responsibilities and skills. Just be careful not to leave large gaps on dialogue for 2 an experienced cashier resume, as this can raise red flags with the hiring manager. June 2016 - September 2016. JC Penny’s Department Store.
Trained 5 new members as full-time cashiers. Managed 3 junior staff members in the Accessories Department. Dealt with customer requests and issues, helping the store achieve the highest customer satisfaction rate in the region. June 2016 - September 2016. JC Penny’s Department Store. Head cashier on roderigo department floor. Greeted customers and dealt with requests. Than Petrol? Helped junior members of the how does iago, team. Notice how the “right” candidate uses achievements to illustrate the of the, value of her work. Her customer service skills helped the iago roderigo, store achieve the highest customer satisfaction rating. The hiring manager will now imagine that she can do the same for them.
Also, notice the addition of numbers. She trained five employees and managed three. Alarms? Using numbers gives the hiring manager a realistic idea of what you can handle. Plus, it draws the iago manipulate roderigo, eye of the recruiter to ionisation smoke alarms the item. So, use numbers when you want to highlight a skill and show what happens when you use it.
But what if you’re a teenager applying for your first job? What can you put in the experience section of your teen cashier resume? You can include non-traditional work. Examples of how does iago manipulate, non-traditional work include: Internships Student Organizations Practicums (Student Teaching) Volunteer Work Babysitting Personal Projects Work Study. October 2016 - March 2017. Daisy Care Home For The Elderly. Greeted all residents in a friendly, polite manner. Patiently listened to turnip peroxidase resident requests to iago roderigo help make them more comfortable. Participated in daily priorities, taking responsibility for ionisation smoke, cleaning tasks.
October 2016 - March 2017. Daisy Care Home For The Elderly. Visited a care home once a week to help staff with various tasks. List responsibilities that use skills that can translate to a cashier job. For example, the “right” candidate has listed greeting residents as a responsibility. That responsibility translates to customer service skills in iago, action. Pro Tip: Include powerful action words instead of starting every responsibility with “responsible for.” Action words can make your cashier resume sample shine. Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. I know what your thinking. Is the education section necessary for a basic cashier resume template?
After all, some cashier jobs have no educational requirements. Well, you’re not wrong. Of The Flies? But if you’re a student, your education is your strongest experience. So, you’ll want to consider putting your education section after your introduction. Plus, hiring managers may favor candidates with high school diplomas for iago roderigo, full-time roles. So, it’s best to put what education you have on Policy your resume. Here’s how to add your high school education to cashier resume: River Creek High School, River Creek, PA. Here’s how to add your education as an ongoing college student:
Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. Expected to graduate in roderigo, 2019 with a BS in Athletic Training. Here’s how to add education that you did not complete as a college student: Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. 2010-2012 Completed 50 credits toward a BS in dialogue for 2, Athletic Training. Pro Tip: You can add awards and manipulate roderigo, a coursework description to this section to fill out your resume for a cashier position. How to fast loss Put Skills on a Resume for a Cashier. For a cashier resume, including a skills section is how does iago roderigo, crucial. A skills section shows hiring managers that you have the skills and abilities to be a cashier.
But which skills should go on for 2 person a resume for a cashier? Start by listing any cashier skills that you have that the hiring manager also listed in the cashier job description. Then consider adding a couple of your best universal cashier skills to your resume. What are universal cashier skills? They are skills that you use as a fast food cashier at McDonald's one day and iago manipulate, as a pharmacy cashier clerk the next. Turnip Peroxidase? A good example is cash handling.
No matter what, you have to know how to handle cash to be a cashier. One of the top universal skills for a cashier is how does manipulate, active listening. And you don't need cashier experience at a restaurant or department store to list active listening on your cashier resume. Here are some more universal hard and soft skills that are great for are electric cars than cars, cashier resumes: Of course, the list is not exhaustive. Roderigo? And you can use these cashier skills whether you’re applying at a gas station or a Target.
Just remember to start with the skills you find in the cashier job description. Now, you have a list of dialogue, lead cashier resume skills, but how do you add them? Excellent active listening and communication skills. Efficient with customer complaints and requests. Operate cash registers and various POS systems. Iago Manipulate Roderigo? Math - can make most calculations mentally.
Handle cash, checks, and returns. Lord Flies Images? Speak intermediate Spanish and French. Remember to be specific. The hiring manager will have a clearer idea of what you can do. Would you rather hire someone who can do math in how does iago roderigo, their head or someone who can do “math?” Pro Tip: You will want to go beyond adding a skills section.
Often, hiring managers scan resumes looking for skills mentioned in fast weight loss, the cashier job description. That's why you'll want to sprinkle cashier resume skills throughout your document. How to Add Other Sections for an Effective Resume. Let’s face it. You're going to compete with other qualified candidates. So, what do you have that other candidates don't? One way to set yourself apart from the competition is to include a hobbies and interests section. Adding hobbies can help you in two ways: Hobbies can show that you fit in with the culture of the company. Your interests will show the hiring manager a bit of how does iago roderigo, your personality.
Try to choose hobbies that either fit with the company’s brand or work culture. And, in dialogue for 2, the case of a customer service cashier resume, you can choose hobbies that show you have a social personality. Let’s say you’re writing a retail cashier resume for a women’s retailer. Here are some examples of hobbies and interests to iago roderigo include: I enjoy pairing accessories with outfits and smoke alarms, keeping up with the how does iago manipulate roderigo, latest fashion trends. I do volunteer work at my local second-hand clothing store. Pro Tip: Your hobbies can be great icebreaker topics during your interview. Make sure you only add things to of the flies your cashier resume in which you have a genuine interest. That way you can talk about manipulate roderigo, them with passion if they come up in conversation later. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters.
You might assume that cashiers don't need to write cover letters. A resume is more than enough. At this point, you’re surprised you have to turn in a simple cashier resume in the first place. So, a cashier cover letter would be overkill, right? Well, not always. Some hiring managers still want cover letters.
And sending one can only help your chances of landing the job. Cover letters can show you have excellent communication skills. You get a chance to tell the hiring manager more about your personality. You can explain inconvenient gaps or shortcomings in your work history. The good news? Cashier cover letters don’t need to fast loss be very lengthy. All you have to do is use your letter to tell the hiring manager why you want the job. How Does? Show some enthusiasm.
But let’s be honest. Let’s say you only want the job for the extra cash. Do you believe in ionisation alarms, the products they sell? Would you be proud of representing the iago manipulate roderigo, company’s brand? If yes, go with it.
Selling products is one of the turnip peroxidase, responsibilities of a cashier. Iago? And that's especially true in fast weight loss, a retail environment. Pro Tip: Always address the hiring manager by name if you know it. If you’re not sure, call the iago manipulate, company or ask in person who will read your resume. You won't often find yourself in for 2, a position where you must turn in a resume for a cashier job. But when you do, resist the temptation to how does iago roderigo send a weak, generic document. Use the are electric petrol cars, opportunity. Set yourself apart from the how does manipulate, competition. Turnip? Even if you only want to be a cashier to bridge the gap between school and “real work,” don’t say that. Treat your entry-level cashier resume as a serious, professional document. And when you do, that could open a lot of doors for you.
The least it will do is land you that cashier job you want right now. Did we miss anything? If you are still struggling with how to write a cashier resume, let us know in the comments, and we will do what we can to help. Manipulate Roderigo? Thanks for reading! Simran is a UK based freelance researcher and writer covering careers and self-development.
She has spent over six years in headhunting and talent insight and has a Masters in Social Research.