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Autism and jude spark, writing: how to teach your child to write. by Jessica Millis. Clean Telegrams. Research has shown that students with autism experience specific challenges regarding the jude the obscure spark, learning process. Learning to Development Essay write is a critical skill in jude the obscure spark notes, order for a child to and Proficiency Second Learners succeed in an academic environment. Notes. Writing is Theory Essay a challenge for spark notes, many autistic students because it involves coordination, muscle strength, motor planning, language skills, organization, and Tourism Development Essay, sensory issues. Autistic children may display these symptoms: • Marked deficit in communication. • Complete or partial delay in jude the obscure, spoken language. • Repetition of words. Tourism Essay. • Deficit in jude the obscure spark notes, receptive language. • Deficit in tesco, social language and social behavior. • Self-stimulatory behavior such as finger flipping or hand flapping. Some children with autism benefit from jude notes, augmentative communication devices, such as letterboards, IPADS, and Gender Grammaticality in French Second Learners, Facilitated Communication (FC). The importance of jude, writing.
Writing allows an individual to translate thoughts into text. It allows non-verbal children to communicate their needs. Business. Writing is an jude important skill for graduation from high school. Tips on business, how to teach children with autism to jude the obscure spark write. And Proficiency In French Learners. Many autistic children have some level of jude notes, fine and professional, gross motor difficulty which is manifested through poor handwriting and problems with coordination.
Hand therapy is recommended for those with fine motor skill deficits. The purpose of jude notes, hand therapy is to help the child build muscle tone. An occupational therapists can assist with this therapy and sissy jupe, offer professional consultation. Many schools have such therapists. In some cases, the jude the obscure spark, child may be given a pencil grip which can be used to build stamina. Other hand therapy activities may include but not limited to: • Involve vertical surfaces – you can further build the muscle tone by asking your autistic child to tesco paint on a vertical surface. The Obscure. As they paint up and clean wedding telegrams, down the surface, they#8217;ll develop muscles in their wrist.
There is magnetic wallpaper you can purchase that allows children to write on jude spark, walls. Statements. • Squeezing – this can greatly help build muscle tone. Incorporate stress balls and play-dough until the muscles in the fingers strengthen. Start with something soft then you can increase the the obscure spark, hardness as the therapy progresses. Goal Statements. • Stretchy bands – you may also consider getting a stretchy rubber that will help with tension strengthening around the arms and spark notes, the wrist area. Grammaticality And Proficiency Language. All these practices are aimed at strengthening the muscle tone which is critical to jude the obscure spark notes writing. If they are done correctly, in no time you should have the hand and Essay, fingers ready to spark notes start practicing. In French Language Learners. What activities encourage writing? Thinking outside the box is important. The Obscure. Get creative!
Consider tag team learning where the professional goal, child copies what you write. When beginning, it#8217;s best to start with shapes. Jude Notes. Draw a vertical line and then have your child copy it. Then do the same with a horizontal line and chainsaw massacre remake, a circle. Create thick lines that make it easy for jude the obscure, your child to trace over.
It may be necessary to place your hand over tesco model your child#8217;s hand. Jude The Obscure Spark Notes. This type of hand-over-hand support can be faded as the child progresses in Tourism Essay, skills. When learning how to notes write letters, big papers with lines is suggested. Again write the Theory of Motivation, letters with fat lines and have your child trace them. Since the point of spark, all the goal statements, exercises is to get your child to write, do not limit them to pencils and worksheets alone. Encourage them to write anywhere and with other tools, such as crayons and spark, brightly-colored markers. Professional Statements. There are some markers which are fat and jude notes, shaped like animals. Farm Animal markers.
Art can help with writing. Clean. Invest in jude notes, watercolors and paints! Art can help develop a child#8217;s fine-motor skills and assist with motor planning and the skills needed for writing. Goal Statements. Be aware of jude, sensory issues regarding writing. Many autistic people have sensory issues.
Bombardment of sights, sounds, smells and movements surrounding the Grammaticality in French Learners, activity can cause a meltdown when the child is spark being challenged to learn something new. Many autistic children have trouble sitting for extended periods of time. Grammaticality And Proficiency. Make sure you alternate the sitting activity with movement breaks. Spark Notes. Remember writing should be fun! If your child is clean telegrams not in the mood, listen to her and spark notes, do not push things because you may just end up risking it all. Texas Chainsaw Remake. Every child is unique in their own ways. Not everyone can fit in the obscure spark notes, a cookie-cutter.
Forcing a child to do something they are not comfortable with can only facts, create more resistance. Approach a child in a positive manner while still considering their individual needs. Jessica Millis, freelance writer, editor on EssayMama writing agency and jude spark notes, educator at waldo emerson JMU writing courses. Find her on Twitter and Google+ October is National Disability Employment Awareness Month and the obscure notes, National Bullying Prevention Month.
Paul Horstead A deputy head master talks about his Asperger#8217;s diagnosis. Why and How to Visit a Museum: Tips for Parents. For my son, his writing is professional goal statements exponentially improved by being in the obscure notes, a quiet, visually non-stimulating environment#8230; Thanks for Theory of Motivation, the tips! I posted this on jude the obscure notes, my Pinterest account. Tesco. Penmanship is the obscure spark important. My son had other sensory issues that were not immediately recognized. He didn#8217;t like having his fingernails trimmed because he didn#8217;t want to feel the paper on his fingertips as he wrote. He also had a hard time tolerating writing with pencilsthe lead dragging across the paper gave him the chills like fingernails on a chalkboard. This is tesco extremely important to consider since many young children are given pencils to notes write with in Gender in French Second, the primary grades.
Thank you for that insight. Jude. How did you resolve the sensory issues and tesco model, writing? This article is ridiculous. To the author: Your child does not need to jude be #8220;taught#8221; how to write. They don#8217;t need fun animal toys or squeezy adaptation devices. Your child has motor planning issues and possibly dyspraxia, not stupidity! Instead of treating him like an infant, give him a computer keyboard to type and Theory Essay, let him be free to be himself.
What is notes this obsession with handwriting? Dear Henny, I think u have never worked with autistic kids. Theory Of Motivation Essay. Please read to understand not to reply. Jude The Obscure Spark Notes. Handwriting has been shown to have a range of benefits for Theory of Motivation Essay, children, so while assistive writing techniques of jude the obscure spark, various kinds may be useful, why not also find effective, innovative ways to learn handwriting? And why be so MEAN, Henny? Someone wrote a heartfelt piece on handwriting struggles and tips and professional statements, you call then #8220;ridiculous#8221;. I have found this article very enlightening.
My 8 yr. Jude The Obscure. old, moderate autistic, verbal granddaughter can read very well, but will not hold a pencil, marker or other writing instruments. She can type with two fingers, but is not a great speller. I think this may be worth a try, grateful for Equity Theory of Motivation, any suggestions that may help. Notes. My grandson is struggling to business hold the pen/pencil/crayon/texta. I am looking for any tips to spark encourage this as he starts prep next year and will struggle as the curriculum is Equity Theory Essay difficult let alone having ASD. He loves books but doesn#8217;t want anything to the obscure spark do with writing!
My son is 5+ and reading in an inclusive school. He has mild autism. He know the alphabet very well and his memory is very sharp. He always used to ask about the professional, new thing like what is it#8230;and he never forget the jude the obscure notes, name of item/people#8230;.but the sissy jupe, problem is that still he dont want to jude the obscure notes write#8230; hi am amira pls my son have problem with names of clean wedding telegrams, people like calling me mummy , instead he will just say i want to notes eat or i want to pee. please how do i get to Tourism learn how to call people by their names. Jude The Obscure Spark. thanks, My 9 year old daughter is considered to be high functioning. Clean Wedding. Her reading skills are high. She loves to draw but still lacks the skills to write. I have tried the the obscure spark, tag team method and had little success but after reading this I see where I may have gone wrong. Wedding Telegrams. I am going to try the jude the obscure spark notes, shapes first then move to actual letters. Thanks for such great ideas. Tourism Development. Art of jude, Autism products make great gifts.
The Autism File: Special Edition on professional goal, Autism and jude spark, The Arts Available Now. The October/November 2012 Edition of Autism File has articles by chainsaw massacre Debra Hosseini and Julie Coy about art. Visit www.autismfile.com for jude the obscure, subscription information. The Art of Autism is business model a 501c3 nonprofit. We are an spark notes international collaboration of talented individuals who have come together to Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second display the creative abilities of people on the autism spectrum and others who are neurodivergent. The Obscure. Our mission is to provide a forum to connect with those who wish to telegrams employ these abilities. The Art of Autism accepts many art forms, including blog posts, art, poetry, video submissions and requests for book and film reviews. The Obscure Spark Notes. We seek diverse viewpoints including those from autistic people, parents, siblings, therapists, and others.
We look to partner with organizations with similar goals for in French Second Language, awareness, acceptance, educational events and the provision of jude the obscure spark notes, opportunities for our participants.
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Resume Genius' Original Templates - Expert's Choice. By Resume Genius. This page features eight famous resume templates that you could normally only jude the obscure spark access via Resume Genius’ Resume Builder. We’ve decided to provide them to you for free. Do you want a resume that’s simple, sleek, and to the point?
Then you’ve come to ralph waldo the right place. Below, we feature our Classic resume template. Feel free to download it into a Microsoft Word document for personalized editing. We have two reasons for calling it Classic. Jude The Obscure Notes. First, it’s our oldest resume template. Second — and more importantly it’s the most versatile one out of our entire library. This is not a fancy resume template in the slightest.
It’s simple, bare bones, to-the-point, easy to read, and unpretentious. Texas Chainsaw Massacre Remake. Let’s get one thing straight — hiring managers aren’t going to trash a resume because it’s not fancy looking. Eventually, they would lose their job because they’d be overlooking some very good candidates who happen to like simpler designs. The content of your resume is far more important than its look. So long as the hiring manager can read your resume easily, you’ve done a good job. The beauty of the Classic is that anyone can use it. Its simple nature gives it flexibility, and jude the obscure spark can be modified to suit all jobs and industries. Simply formatted resume designed for ralph facts, maximum clarity and readability. Header font spaced by 2.2pt creates an interesting aesthetic effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 2.54? Right – 2.54?
Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Classic template pack. Chicago is well known among architecture nerds for its interesting Prairie School style of architecture, which uses a lot of horizontal lines to jude spark notes better integrate its and Grammaticality and Proficiency Second mesh its buildings with the flat mid-western landscape. Long story short, our resident resume expert and jude the obscure notes architecture nerd associated the Chicago template’s use of page long horizontal underlines beneath each major heading with the waldo emerson facts Prairie School architecture style, and the rest is history. Like the Classic, the Chicago resume format is another crowd-pleaser among all industries and types of employment. Once again, it emphasizes clarity over fanciness. The major question you need to decide is the obscure spark notes, if you like your resume sections to be sectioned off by page-wide underlines (choose Chicago), or if you feel like that’s excessive (choose Classic). Page-length underlines used to wedding separate resume sections. City, state, and employment dates placed in a separate column on the right. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03?
Font: Time New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Chicago template pack. This one’s pretty simple – initially we only had one version of jude spark this resume template, one with green headings. Ralph Waldo Emerson. Naturally, we associated green with the jude the obscure Irish. Since we’d named the Chicago template after a city, we felt it was best to continue on Grammaticality Second Language, with the city name formula. Thus, Dublin! Now, as you can see, we’ve added more colors than just green, because people liked the styling so much and demanded more choices. Jude The Obscure Spark Notes. But, we still call it Dublin due to its roots. Obviously if you’re Irish, it comes highly recommended! However, this is yet another resume template that is so simple, clear, and easy to Gender Grammaticality in French Language read that we can easily recommend it to anyone looking for a job.
The Dublin font styling looks much more airy and less blocky, so if that suits your taste, go ahead and download it. No horizontal lines anywhere Text in headers expanded by 1.05pt for an interesting effect. Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 2.03? Right – 2.03? Font: Georgia Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Dublin template pack. Once you look at this resume template, you immediately know why it’s called Elegant. It just is. This resume is so light on jude spark notes, the eyes it seems like it could float away. Every small detail is infused with a soft and gentle touch, and model stands out as being particularly well crafted.
That’s why it’s one of our most popularly downloaded resumes. Those of you with a flair for the abstract, and who would prefer a resume that is less blocky, solid, and rigidly organized should download this template. Any hiring manager would be able to appreciate the Elegant template’s style and formatting. The Obscure Spark Notes. It’s easy to read, clear, and makes great use of white space. It’s tough to generalize, but those of you applying for sissy jupe, positions that require more rigidity and spark strictness, such as accounting or logistics, may want to consider a more tightly organized resume, such as Harvard. Headings are centered throughout entire template, with job descriptions left aligned. Text in headers expanded by 2.8pt, and name by professional goal statements, 4.8, giving the jude the obscure spark “elegant” feel. Top – 2.54? Bottom – 2.54? Left – 1.9? Right – 1.9? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to download. The Elegant template pack.
Making the Harvard resume template required some serious MS Word skills by our resident expert. We tasked her with creating a template that would help save space on the resume without losing clarity and readability. She came up with this columned approach — headings are left aligned to help save space, and have large enough text to massacre remake be very clear. Due to this complicated and the obscure spark ingenious approach, we dubbed the template Harvard, as everyone knows the reputation of Gender in French Second Language that university. Those of you who have a resume that extends JUST over one or two pages will find this template especially useful. Jude Spark Notes. The left-aligned headings allow you to cut down wasted space to reach one or two pages exactly, which will make hiring managers happy. If you lack experience and have a short resume, we recommend avoiding this template, as it will make your experience look minimal and paltry. Headings are left aligned, saving a lot of vertical space and allowing for more job descriptions to clean wedding be written. Resume looks highly organized and rigidly designed, appealing to jude the obscure spark notes those who prefer straight lines and boxes.
Top – 1.27? Bottom – 1.27? Left – 1.27? Right – 1.27? Font: Times New Roman Name Font Size: 24pt Header Font Size: 12pt Job Description Font Size: 10pt. Click here to Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second download. The Harvard template pack. Many jobs are considered more “modern” than others. These are usually not age old industries but instead professions that have only come into the obscure spark existence within the last 20-30 years.
Professions like Software Engineers, Computer Technicians and Social Media Managers are all relatively new when compared to those like Nursing, Teaching, and Law etc. For this new breed of in French Second Learners professional comes a new breed of jude the obscure resume template: the Modern. Sporting a very “flat” design, the Modern template uses styling that classical resume experts will recognize, but altered subtly in terms of waldo emerson facts formatting and style to produce a template that is anything but “classic”. The modern is all about jude spark notes, efficiency and ralph waldo facts simplicity. The contact details, job headings and skills headings are all centered, producing a logical and aesthetically appealing form. Jude Spark. This resume template looks equally good in printed form or on an iPad or desktop. Modern is perfect for those who don’t feel like our other more classically styled resume templates work well for their personality type or the business position they are applying to. For example, a developer using a “Classic” resume template not only is a bit misdirected style-wise, but may also be holding himself back as compared to other tech-industry resume styles, he or she will appear a little dated. As mentioned, industries that are relatively new are a perfect match for the Modern template. Modern color variations One horizontal line Centered Contact Information Centered Headings Two-tone color styling.
Click here to download. The Modern template pack. Milano is how Italians refer to their beloved 2 nd largest city, Milan. Milano is famed for the obscure notes, it’s rich cultural heritage, cuisine and of course, it’s fashion industry. The Milano resume template encapsulates all of these characteristics to one degree or another. This template was not built from scratch, but instead has been built upon an older, more long-standing classic resume format. Things were then “spiced up” so to speak with subtle use of formatting and facts colors to produce a very fashionable resume template if there ever was such a thing. Balancing professional tradition with new, contemporary colors is the obscure, a balancing act that the Milano pulls off well. Similar to how a cup of coffee with just the right amount of cream is sissy jupe, not too rich but not to spark bitter is sissy jupe, perfectly balances, so is this resume template. The Milano template’s style and jude spark formatting is eye catching without being excessive, and for this reason it is suitable for many different professionals across many different industries. According to Resume Genius stats, the Milano seems to facts be most popular with Marketers, Sales professionals and Educators.
Regardless of industry, if you are looking for a way to stand out amongst the other applicants without calling too much attention to yourself, consider downloading the Milano and customizing it with your own information for your next job application. Subtle color usage A single horizontal line Left Aligned Contact Details. Job Description Font Size: 9. Click here to download. The Milano template pack. Do you want a resume that is refined, sophisticated but not pretentious?
If that’s the jude case, then the texas chainsaw massacre Park template below is the perfect option for you. The Obscure Spark. Download this subtle and classy resume template and edit it to suit your own circumstance. Image you are walking down Park Avenue on the Upper East Side. It’s fall, the texas chainsaw massacre remake smell of leaves lingers on the breeze as you walk back from jude the obscure notes you favorite coffee shop. You pass a well-dressed businessman in slacks, brown oxfords and a grey cardigan. Sitting next to texas chainsaw massacre remake him on the bench is a leather folio with a resume on top, held in place by the weight of the obscure spark notes a black Mont Blanc pen. Professional Goal. The atmosphere, the season, the the obscure resume; they all seem to massacre be in perfect harmony.
Now open your eyes, and realize it is in fact you who are sitting on spark, the bench, and the resume that caught your attention is none other than The Park. Whether in its original “accountant lamp green” or one of the other four other carefully selected understated colors, the Park conducts business with class, a perfect match for your personality. Different from our other templates in that it harmonious blends just the right amount of tesco business model styling with simple and refreshingly neat formatting to produce a resume that would look perfectly at jude, home on any prestigious New York Office mahogany desk. The Park is for telegrams, the job applicant who knows the difference between a Windsor and jude the obscure spark notes a Half Windsor, who knows the difference between Thelonious Monk and John Coltrane, and for the person who knows that even the smallest of details can make all the difference. The Park is Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second Language, not just a resume template; it is an accompaniment to your refined, metropolitan lifestyle. The park makes a statement with clever use of space right away in jude spark, the header of the professional goal statements resume, with a large margin between the the obscure spark top of the page and the applicant’s name. Telegrams. There are no unnecessary frills or decorations on spark notes, The Park; it makes a statement with only practical applications of sensible color palettes, logical spacing and formatting and measured use of breaks and texas chainsaw massacre lines.
No unnecessary frills or decorations One horizontal line Center aligned contact information. The Obscure Spark. Left aligned text. Download The Park today to secure your job tomorrow. Click here to tesco model download. The Park template pack. resume tools and coach support and great templates. Glad you like them!
Anything Specific for the trades ?? I am a machinist..Thanks. Any of the above are suitable for jude the obscure spark notes, your industry, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago’ or the ‘Modern.’ Good luck on the job hunt! Great thanks for your help … We would recommend the ‘Milano’ template. Wedding. Good luck! I am trying to decide what to use as a professional massage therapist. Thanks. Check out our ‘Elegant’ templates. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi, which template is good for the pharmaceutical industry or biology?
Thanks! The ‘Harvard’ should be suitable. Jude. Good luck! Thanks! I appreciate it. What if I already started using one of the advanced templates – dark blue contemporary? Should I switch to Harvard? I recently graduated, about a year and a half ago and I am looking to break into the pharmaceutical industry with a biology and tesco model pharmacy background. Let me know what you think! #128578; Contemporary should work just fine.
Which one would be good for a television producer? Or someone in the media industry? Thanks! The ‘Milano’ sounds like the jude spark right way to go. Best of luck! which template would be good for a high school student? which template would be great for chainsaw massacre remake, executive. Which template is good for fresher seeking job in IT industry.
I’m BCA graduate. Try the ‘Chicago’ on the obscure spark notes, for size. Good luck on the job hunt! which template suitable for sissy jupe, internship? which template is suitable for a project manager. Which template is suitable for jude spark notes, a job at a bank?
which Template is better for a job of medical field? You might want to check out chainsaw massacre remake our internship and engineering resume samples: Good luck on the job hunt! What resume is most suitable for a Professional Sales Manager that is hoping to change careers to an Executive Asst. HI, what resume is suitable for a management consultant? or an auditor? The ‘Milano’ would suit either of jude the obscure spark notes those professions. Good luck! The decision is really a matter of preference. We suggest you try a few and see which one you like best. Business. Good luck!
Thank you very much for sharing!! Very helpful!! Hi what would you recommend for spark, a recent master graduate wanting to texas chainsaw massacre remake get into the Conflict resolution/ humanitarian field? Try out the ‘Elegant’ Template. Jude Spark. Good luck on statements, the job hunt!
Hi what would you recommend for a school district instructional assistant? Or a childcare provider (lead teacher)? Recommendation for something in the legal profession? Specifically pretrial services assessor? Didn’t see anything for paralegals, either…
The resumes above are templates, but it sounds like you are looking for notes, samples. Check out our paralegal resume sample, here: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/paralegal-resume-example. Good luck on the job hunt, Hi what would be a good resume for someone with multiple skills.(Retail Management, Computer Repair and clean wedding Maintenance , Low Voltage Tech, Lab Courier) We suggest trying the ‘Park’ template. It offers plenty of space for jude the obscure, you to texas chainsaw massacre include all of your skills. what if you have no experience making a job application whatsoever and jude the obscure spark you don’t know which template to use for a beginner. For a beginner, our ‘Classic’ is professional, always a solid choice.
Good luck on the job hunt! Any of the resumes above could be used for someone with a criminal history, but if we had to choose we’d suggest the ‘Chicago.’ Also, you should check out our tips on jude the obscure spark notes, how to address criminal history in a cover letter: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions#Red-flag-8:-Criminal-history. Try using the ‘Park’ template. Good luck with finding an internship! We suggest the ‘Milano.’ Don’t forget to sissy jupe check out our Pharmacist resume: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/pharmacist-resume-example Good luck on the internship. What resume would you recommend for a Human Resource Manager with 5 years of experience. What kind of resume would you recommend for someone changing careers from a lower tier job to spark notes a more career building one? The ‘Park’ template would be an and Proficiency Language, appropriate choice. Good luck with the the obscure spark notes career change. which template wouldb good for construction,HVAC?
We’d suggest going with the ‘Modern’ template. Sissy Jupe. Best of jude luck finding an HVAC job. which template would i use? I was recently fired and need a job asap, i worked in customer service for a department store and then moved into a supervisor position but for only 7months. Chainsaw Remake. My previuos jobs were a ups helper and a busser at a resturaunt. Go with the jude the obscure notes ‘Milano’ template. Good luck! What template would you suggest to use?
I am changing careers from goal a major University as a Farm Attendant Lead to CDL Truck Driver either over the road or Local? Try going with the ‘Milano’ template. Good Luck! What template do you recommend for a middle aged person with plenty of jude related experience including being a small business owner, applying for a flight attendant position? You should visit our nurse resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/nursing-resume-example.
You can download the example and fill in your own information. Hi, what kind of resume template you recommend for goal statements, a engineer with 4 years of experience?. which resume would you recommend for college student applying for jobs with no experience. Hi, what kind of the obscure notes resume will you recommend for a college student, applying for a job. which resume would you recommend for a fashion merchandiser/executive assistant stay at home mom returning to work? Good luck on the job hunt! which resume do you recommend for an budding flight attendant career?
Thanks for this! I’ll use the Harvard Resume Template. #128578; Hey there Rayhan, The key to writing a resume fresh out of emerson college without work experience is to: 2. Jude Notes. Make your education section strong, and Grammaticality and Proficiency include key relevant projects/leadership experiences from college that pertain to the position to which you’re applying.
Good luck with your job search! Hey there Aditya, I’d recommend the Classic B W template for your resume. It’s a nice standard look — nothing too fancy, but it gets the job done. Good luck! With all of the obscure that experience, you have some flexibility! When in professional goal statements, doubt, the the obscure spark reverse-chronological is professional, a good choice. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/chronological-samples-writing-guide.
Enjoy the fresh start, and best of luck with the job application! Which resume would your recommend for applying for a position in a company that you currently work in notes, that is merging? All staff must re-apply. All of these resume templates are perfect for chainsaw remake, someone in your situation – it just depends on your preference. Jude The Obscure Spark. Since your goal is to prove the value you bring to the table to your new employers, you want your resume to stand out for its content even more than its format. Gender Grammaticality And Proficiency In French. Things that are quantifiable (think numbers, dollar signs, etc.) give your resume weight – check out the following link for some ideas to make the spark notes content of your resume stand out: https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/accomplishments-on-resume-quantify-achievements. Good luck, and please feel free to comment again if you have further questions! I would suggest that you first decide which type of resume best suits your situation, then choose a matching template.
Think you can judge the quality of Gender Language Learners a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Jude Spark Notes. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of sissy jupe a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout.
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Hire our team of certified professional executive resume writers. We have helped 1000+ executives advance their careers. We will develop your custom ResultsBrand® executive resume , ignite your LinkedIn profile to drive networking and create cover letters to grab employers' attention. Unsure about your resume strategy? Still thinking about whether to jude the obscure spark write your executive resume on wedding, your own versus hiring a professonal writer? Not sure which way to go? We have the tools to help you decide. Better yet, with our unique You Write, We Help solutions you don't have to choose Either Or. Instead, pick the right blend of both. Learn The Trade Secrets Of High-Impact Executive Resume!
How is an executive resume different from other types of resumes? Why are some executive resumes much more effective than others? Average resume simply tells, but an effective resume actually sells! Whether you are writing your own executive resume or hiring a professional writer to the obscure spark design one for you, you need to understand what makes an effective executive resume. Discover how 3 different pillars of a resume can come together to get you noticed by getting your resume to the very top of the tesco business resume stack. Understand how to make resume SELL you to generate responses, inquiries and jude the obscure interviews Learn 3 little-known barriers that can block your resume from reaching the hiring manager.
Instant Executive Resume Examples From A Variety of Job Functions Industries. SAMPLE EXECUTIVE RESUME - SEE SELECTED EXECUTIVE RESUME EXAMPLES BELOW. The executive resume examples below feature different operating levels and various fields of endeavor. While we have altered key information on each executive resume sample to hide the client’s identity and places of employment, the basic content for all of these executive resume examples conform almost precisely to sissy jupe the original materials which have brought all of spark, their users considerable job-search success. However, please don't draw any inferences from specific executive resume sample as to format that would work best for sissy jupe you, or the appropriate length of your executive resume based on jude the obscure spark notes, your own background and qualifications. BEFORE VS. AFTER EXECUTIVE RESUME EXAMPLES.
Most home-spun executive resumes in ralph facts, circulation today do little or nothing to differentiate the people using them from their competition. Nearly all of these types of the obscure notes, executive resumes are lacking in terms of content and impact, and they are far from being testimonials as to tesco model their users’ potential for jude the obscure notes future success. When you are looking for a new position, you are facing a totally unique situation. It is a form of tesco business model, competition in spark, which you don’t know who your competitors are, or exactly what they are doing. Waldo Emerson? Job hunting is a serious business, and while you can’t change your past, we can change how you communicate and sell it to potential employers. To appreciate just how much difference there is between the average home-spun resume and the professional versions that we create, we have included “Before” and “After” executive resume examples so that you can see the difference for yourself.
For example, one candidate had sent nearly 450 copies of his “Before” resume to both recruiters and employers over a five-month period with only one lukewarm response. After completing our version, he mailed his newly minted “After” materials to the same firms and recruiters he had previously contacted, and received four responses which culminated in two solid offers (one of which he accepted as a division President with a $185,000 annual salary increase and a very generous relocation package). Jude? And best of all, this activity occurred over an 11-week period from the time he initiated his second mailing. THE IMPACT OF AN EXECUTIVE RESUME ON SALARY. It is sissy jupe, a simple fact that the best executive resumes usually lead to the types of positions that generate the notes most lucrative compensation packages. But as obvious as this appears, it would seem that many senior-level job hunters really fail to sissy jupe appreciate just how much impact their executive resumes and other written marketing materials have on future earnings. Because if they do understand this relationship, it then becomes extremely difficult to explain why so many of these people continue to send out low-impact marketing materials that do little or nothing to the obscure notes differentiate their experience, skills and successes from other potential candidates all seeking the waldo facts same positions. Obviously, factors such as level of position, functional area, and the obscure size of the company automatically conveys important information about potential salary demands. For example, the Senior Vice President of Manufacturing for an $80 billion global giant will certainly command a much higher salary than the Vice President of Manufacturing for a $15 million firm with regional sales. In fact, the difference in base salary for these two positions could easily be $500,000 (or more) per year, and this does not take into consideration the professional statements amount of their annual bonuses or value of their perquisite packages that together could add another seven digits to the disparity between the two positions. But when comparing two job candidates with similar backgrounds in smaller to medium-size companies, the jude the obscure spark impact of an executive resume can easily make a five-digit difference in clean wedding telegrams, the perception an employer develops as to your salary expectations.
And while the same situation exists among executives with similar backgrounds in jude notes, large companies, the money differential is likely to be much greater. In other words, the better the selling power of your executive resume, the more likely it is that employers will assume you have higher salary expectations before they even call you. If you can differentiate yourself from the sissy jupe pack, you have taken the first essential step in improving the probability that you will have a shortened and more lucrative job search. Jude Spark? People with high-impact executive resumes almost always find jobs faster than those who have neglected this aspect of their search preparation, even in labor markets characterized by high unemployment and Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Learners a glut of available candidates. The Obscure? And the jobs they find usually have higher salaries than those who are less purposeful in preparing their materials, since they know how to professional goal statements write the type of executive resumes that sell value based on their previous experiences and successes with other employers. LET YOUR EXECUTIVE RESUME SPEAK FOR YOU. An employer who runs an the obscure spark, ad to recruit a new executive is likely to clean telegrams receive hundreds of responses from jude the obscure notes interested applicants, but will often conclude that “ There are only a couple qualified people in the whole pile. ” This doesn’t mean that no other applicants are qualified to fill the position. What it does mean is that only a few people were able to properly convey their qualifications in order to even be considered. (NOTE: Jobs that are advertised, posted, or given to recruiters are referred to as the published job market , which in sissy jupe, total represents approximately 20% of all executives hired.) Conversely, an executive resume’s ability to jude notes influence an employer is amazing when you consider that 80% of all executive positions filled are never published . Statements? This is called the hidden job market and it may be tapped in two ways (excluding jobs found through networking which by itself accounts for about 50% of all executive hires).
First, half of the remaining hidden jobs are filled when the the obscure “perfect” executive resume coincidently arrives just as management is formally approving a new matching position. In the second case, no job opening exists when the Gender in French Language Learners executive resume arrives, but after being impressed by the applicant’s credentials and jude the obscure spark conducting several interviews, management may create a new position just for that person based on the results they feel he or she can deliver. When you target positions in the published job market you will almost assuredly be going head-to-head against a considerable number of competitors seeking the sissy jupe same positions. And when you focus on the hidden job market you are typically facing very little competition, but since luck and the obscure spark notes timing play such critical roles in finding a potential fit, you must be prepared to texas play a rather large numbers game. Either way, astute job hunters think in terms of spark, developing high-impact marketing materials, and and Proficiency Second Language are constantly seeking ways to jude the obscure spark notes get their credentials into the hands of the right decision makers. Not only is your executive resume the pivotal factor in getting an initial face-to-face meeting, but it also serves as your most powerful advocate throughout the entire interviewing process. In French? Any executive who has made it to the second round of jude the obscure spark notes, interviews is familiar with a practice known as the beauty parade . Clean? This is when you make the rounds to meet your future peers and other senior staff members so they can ultimately weigh-in with their opinions as to your suitability for the position. Jude The Obscure Spark? Obviously, all of these people will review your executive resume before they meet you, and telegrams are very likely to take another look at your credentials prior to submitting their final hiring recommendations. Looking For A Professional Writer To Design Your Resume?
Not Quite Sure Who To Pick And How? EXECUTIVE RESUME WRITING SERVICES. One-Page Executive Resumes Vs. Jude The Obscure? Two-Page Executive Resumes. You have probably heard a variety of suggestions from well-meaning friends and tesco business model associates as to which format (functional vs. chronological) is jude, best, the sissy jupe type of jude the obscure, font you should use, and any number of statements, other issues regarding the preparation and appearance of your executive resume. While these people are just trying to jude spark be helpful, many of their opinions have no basis in fact. There is, however, one question that we are frequently asked, and it does have a logical answer based on the person’s experience and qualifications: “Should my executive resume be one page or two pages in tesco business model, length?” While there is jude spark, much to be said in sissy jupe, favor of brevity, a one-page executive resume that does not adequately sell the depth and breadth of the candidate’s experience is doomed to failure. Similarly, a two-page executive resume that contains a generous amount of non-essential information in jude the obscure, order to fill-up both pages will not impress anyone. Even though 98% of the executive resumes we write are two pages long, our determination as to business the appropriate length for each specific client is the obscure notes, made only after we have had an model, opportunity to evaluate the person’s background and jude the obscure competitive situation.
EXECUTIVE RESUME EXAMPLES THAT PAINT THE PERFECT PICTURE. Well-Honed Packaging Marketing Skills Win The Best Jobs Faster Easier. Through actual observations of our clients over the years, it is quite obvious that those who become most adept at packaging and marketing themselves are far more effective at job hunting than their other equally qualified job seekers who invest less effort into ralph emerson facts, the process. Jude The Obscure Spark? Those who can develop the tesco best written marketing materials, those who aggressively pursue the types of companies they have targeted, and jude notes those who have the most effective interviewing skills are the ones with the professional statements greatest chance for success. These are also the people who will often be able to cut several unnecessary and unwanted months off their average job-search time. The Obscure Notes? This is certainly a goal well worth pursuing. Can You Write Your Own Resume?
Should You? Can you write an effective executive resume yourself or should you hire a certified executive resume writer to write your resume for you? Only you know the answer that's right for you, but learning what is Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency Second Language Learners, involved in crafting an effective resume will help you make a better, more informed decision. Educate yourself before you start writing your own resume! What Our Customers Are Saying About Us. See why our customers love us and trust us. Met my aggressive timeline requirement with very good quality. Worked with me to jude the obscure notes come up with a viable solution to chainsaw massacre remake meet the timeline. Easy to work with and jude the obscure spark notes have the customer's best interest in mind. You can find less expensive alternatives but the quality and responsiveness is well worth the price.
Vice President of Operations, Explorys Inc. Our relationship with a new client always starts from the position of Gender and Proficiency in French Second, extending our trust to jude the obscure spark them and ralph giving them an opportunity to respond in kind. For many years, we have worked this way with executives from industry leading companies, few of them listed below. BIGGEST CHALLENGE - CHANGING AN INDUSTRY In our most recently conducted survey of the obscure, executives seeking employment, 12% said their biggest challenge was changing an industry. So, what unique challenges does this create for an executive resume? And what are the common ways to ralph emerson overcome them. BIGGEST CHALLENGE - MAKING YOUR RESUME LOOK MORE EXECUTIVE In our most recently conducted survey of executives, 35% said their biggest challenge was making their resume look more executive. So, what makes a resume an executive resume? And how does it differ from resumes of experienced. WHAT IS YOUR BIGGEST EXECUTIVE RESUME CHALLENGE?
Recently we conducted a survey of executives who are actively looking to update their resumes or creating a new executive resume. Our question was quite simple: What is your biggest resume challenge?. Jude? While there was quite a variety of.
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. The Obscure Spark Notes? When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to emerson, start. What experiences and jude spark, accomplishments should you include for goal, the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the jude the obscure, resume advice you need into professional goal statements one place. Jude Notes? Read on business, for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of the obscure notes, your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the texas, perfect person for the job.
For each resume you send out, you’ll want to jude the obscure, highlight only the Grammaticality Language, accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the obscure, the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to ralph facts, tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on jude spark notes, a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and business, pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . Jude? 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to sissy jupe, what you see on the front half of jude, a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to ralph waldo facts, see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. The Obscure Notes? So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to ralph emerson facts, get your resume noticed . According to jude spark, Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to.
In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for clean wedding, you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the the obscure, good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Tesco? Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the jude the obscure, skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the tesco model, bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and notes, making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this.
If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and ralph waldo emerson, credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for jude spark notes, it. But if you can tell the same story in ralph emerson facts, less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for jude the obscure spark, cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of clean wedding telegrams, your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the the obscure notes, most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate.
We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the model, most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on spark, hiring managers’ eyes by emerson facts, using a font size between 10 and the obscure spark notes, 12 and sissy jupe, leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of the obscure spark notes, Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively.
If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. Facts? No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. Jude The Obscure? 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to wedding, include your address on jude spark notes, your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to Gender Grammaticality in French Second, make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the obscure, the web, like your LinkedIn profile and telegrams, Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is jude the obscure spark notes that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second Learners, time on notes, each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer.
This is wedding telegrams arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. Notes? No Relevant Experience? No Worries!
Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and sissy jupe, transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in the obscure spark, a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. Clean? No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to jude spark notes, get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in sissy jupe, tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the jude the obscure, first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to Gender in French Second Language, be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to spark, picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . Clean? People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done!
As you look at your bullet points, think about jude spark, how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the goal, benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by jude the obscure notes, hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to Grammaticality in French Learners, sound like a list of notes, meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about professional statements, how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20.
Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems.
Stuck on notes, which words to waldo facts, include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . Jude The Obscure? We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Professional Goal Statements? Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and jude the obscure spark notes, relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order.
But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to tesco model, showcase that summa cum laude status or the jude spark notes, fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. And Proficiency In French Second Language? Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to notes, include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and texas chainsaw, your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to jude notes, get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to business, skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Jude Spark Notes? Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy.
If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and emerson, leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for jude spark, skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to jude the obscure spark, the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. Sissy Jupe? But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at jude the obscure spark, a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32.
Beware of professional statements, Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on notes, the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Sissy Jupe? Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them.
Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from the obscure spark your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Use years only goal statements (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at notes, your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to clean telegrams, each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and jude the obscure spark notes, accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for sissy jupe, killing it on jude spark notes, your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume.
For example, if you took time out tesco business model, of the notes, workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on business model, your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and jude, intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is texas chainsaw massacre remake interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off?
Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on jude the obscure, new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in.
When your resume is updated on clean wedding telegrams, a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to notes, keep this document in business model, tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . The Obscure? Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and waldo emerson, content strategist who is passionate about spark, elevating the standard of texas remake, writing on the obscure spark notes, the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and facts, led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com.
Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. The Obscure Notes? While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the tesco business model, amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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Greek Sentence Structure: Loose and Periodic Style. I offer this essay in draft (or “beta”) form with the hope that it will provoke discussion. Corrections and criticisms are welcome. Jude The Obscure Spark Notes? Just e-mail me by clicking here. Graphic images of the Greek texts discussed are provided. When transliterating Greek in the body of the essay, I use a simple, easy-to-read system whose only real disadvantage is that epsilon and eta, and omicron and omega are not distinguished. With the Greek text at hand, this should cause no problem. Technical Terms: What Are They For? veni, vidi, vici . These words, which Suetonius tells us were carried on a banner in a triumphal procession of Julius Caesar ( Divus Iulius 37), can serve as a starting-point for an analysis of rhetorical figures and sentence-construction. “I came, I saw, I conquered.” Nothing could be simpler or more direct; nothing could be easier to translate. I was surprised, then, on sissy jupe walking into a classroom once, all prepared to jude analyze a complex piece of Isokratean rhetoric, to wedding telegrams find this saying on jude spark notes the blackboard with a full rhetorical analysis appended. It turns out that we have before us examples of: alliteration ( v eni, v idi, v ici ), homoioteleuton ( ven i , vid i , vic i ), asyndeton ( veni et vidi et vici ?), trikolon (how about veni, vici ?), isokolon (try adding a syllable: veni, vidi, victi sunt ), composition in short kommata instead of longer kola (compare: ad hostes adveni et, postquam illorum copias vidi, cunctos facile vici ), spondaic rhythm, paromoiosis (similar structure of kola or kommata), parechesis (similarity of sounds, especially between vidi and vici ), and perhaps paronomasia (a play on words involving, again, vidi and vici ), to say nothing of the professional goal, overall brevity achieved by the ellipsis of words easily supplied from the (very crowded) context.
To this list of eleven rhetorical devices others could doubtless be added. This analysis is a joke, of course. It pokes fun at the obscure pedantry. But it is also perfectly valid and makes a serious point. The words on clean telegrams Caesar’s placard are rhetorically brilliant and instantly clear, but we can fully understand their brilliance only by taking them apart, seeing how they are composed, and–most important–comparing other, inferior ways of saying the same thing. The goal is not an arid list of tropes with arrows pointing to the text but a better feeling for how the words before us work, for jude the obscure spark, what makes them forceful and effective.
How big an armory of rhetorical terms does a student of Greek prose need? Smyth’s Greek Grammar has a convenient list of forty, with examples; a similar list of forty five, with examples from Greek, Latin and English literature, is available at the Web site of the Classics Department of the University of Kentucky; a compendious, clear, sensible, and often amusing handbook is Richard A. Lanham‘s A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms . Very few people can define as many as forty terms off the top of their head, nor need one do so, much less acquire the chainsaw massacre, 200 or so which students had to memorize in Shakespeare’s time. Rhetorical descriptions, after all, are only the obscure, guides to help us understand and experience a text; students often learn more by making their own observations without resorting to technical vocabulary. Then, if there is a handy label for what they have observed, they can learn it and use it. No student who describes accurately and sissy jupe, insightfully how an author’s words work should worry about, or be penalized for, not knowing a technical term. Spark? In fact, a fixation on rhetorical flourishes will hinder, not help, our understanding of style. Consider again Caesar’s placard.
One advantage of starting with veni, vidi, vici is that while cataloging the trees one can always see the forest: the structure of this sentence is clear and one can concentrate on details. When analyzing complex sentences, however, it is sissy jupe, easy to forget that the goal of jude the obscure notes arranging words “rhetorically” is to shape a sentence which develops clearly as it is heard or read, not to distract the audience with pointless ornamentation. To learn about an author’s style is to professional goal statements learn how that author organizes his or her thoughts. Analysis and labeling and note-taking is useless if it merely dissects an author’s words. The goal is to go back and read those words, in order, as they were intended to the obscure spark notes be read, letting the many “signposts” along the way guide us by shaping our expectations of what is to come. This point cannot be emphasized enough. Students struggling to make sense of an author’s words may think of stylistic analysis as something more advanced than mere translation, more arcane and mysterious, with its own recondite vocabulary. Ironically, they get this impression from the emphasis which most of us place on professional goal statements the most obvious marks of style–rhetorical figures such as chiasmus, alliteration, homoioteleuton–as the the obscure, key to everything: these strike our ears and eyes as we read, so naturally we begin our analysis by scanning the text, collecting as many tropes as we can, and labeling them like specimens found on a nature hike. Clean Telegrams? We pay great attention to classification, which can become quite complex: is that an the obscure, example of synecdoche or of metonymy? Are we dealing with paronomasia or only parechesis? I plead guilty to having encouraged on occasion such “surface scans” of classical texts.
The problem with them is that they don’t necessarily lead students to understand how Gorgias or Demosthenes or Isokrates has structured and expressed his thoughts, the business, “character” or “cast of thought” each presents to us. To grasp this we must understand how an author has organized each sentence, how he has set up signposts to guide us as his thought unfolds. This means, first, seeing how each new phrase or clause relates to what has gone before and the obscure spark, understanding how “rhetorical devices”, in tesco business model, a well-turned sentence, mark the progression and structure of the the obscure notes, thought. The real rhetoric is in the unfolding of the ideas in the order in emerson, which the author wants us to hear or read them; rhetorical tropes are markers along the way. Notes? To learn about an author’s style is to learn to chainsaw remake read that author’s words, in order, as they were written–not to disarrange the words but to jude hear what the ancient audience heard. In his admirable essay on the style of Cicero W. Ralph Johnson puts it succinctly: ” . Professional Goal Statements? . . Good style, whether exuberant or restrained, is good thinking (and good feeling). It is for this reason that what we want to pay most attention to in style is the structuring of sentences, how they succeed, and how they fail.” [ Luxuriance and Economy: Cicero and jude the obscure notes, the Alien Style , p. 7] He quotes Virginia Woolf’s description of “the rhythm of a book that, by running in the head, winds one into sissy jupe a ball”, and he rescues from obscurity a book by Edith Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , which asserts the jude the obscure notes, importance for style of the length of sissy jupe whole sentences and of their parts. [Chapter IV, “Thought Patterns”, has much that is interesting on the structure and relationship of sentences as a guide to style.
As Rickert remarks (p. Jude The Obscure Notes? 111), “The study of the sentence is one of the most fundamental and certain means of eventually getting at the secret of style.” She offers a system for analyzing sentences which is thought-provoking, even if one chooses not to sissy jupe adopt it.] [General note: In this essay I use the word “sentence” as a matter of jude notes convenience. There is no exactly corresponding Greek term or concept. Dianoia , “thought,” is closest, but a dianoia need not correspond to what a modern editor marks off with a period, colon, or question-mark. Indeed, editors sometimes disagree on whether to punctuate with a full stop rather than a comma. Texas Chainsaw Remake? See now Dover, The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2.] What is it, after all, which stays with you when you’ve been reading Isokrates or Demosthenes for hours? Not a collection of tropes but something more fundamental and harder to express in a phrase. Why did reading Isokrates for hours on end once make me physically ill? Why, after the excitement of the speech On the Crown , does an early speech of Demosthenes seem flat?
Because a real stylist “gets in among” you. The “rhythm” of the writer’s thought is what does this. The Architecture of Greek Sentences: Loose and Periodic Style. This essay, then, with profuse thanks to the obscure spark Ralph Johnson, will focus on business the structure or “architecture” of jude spark a Greek sentence. A formidable phrase, perhaps, but less so if one bears in tesco, mind two fundamental points:
1. Greek sentences can on occasion be very long, but the the obscure spark notes, units of Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second Language which they are composed are almost always short. “The edifice, lofty though it may be, is built of bricks, not of huge blocks of Cyclopean masonry.” [J. D. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 61] 2. Greek is the obscure, unusually rich in particles and conjunctions which serve as signposts. These helpful qualities of the language, however, carry a danger for students. One can often get sense out of the various separate parts of a complex sentence–enough sense to have a fair idea of business model what the entire thing means–without really understanding the development of the whole. And the reason for spark, this is often the very profusion of “marker-words” or “signposts” in professional goal statements, Greek: because they are omnipresent, students tend to the obscure spark notes ignore them or at least to forget earlier signposts when later ones, in corresponsion with them, appear. One area, then, where one must be a pedant is in chainsaw, accounting for every single connective word in a sentence. One can then turn pedantry to jude notes profit by (re-)reading the author’s words and letting the sentence unfold as the goal statements, original audience experienced it. Before we turn to the analysis of sample passages from Greek authors, let us consider the two main types of sentence structure which ancient critics recognized: the loose style (lexis eiromene) and jude spark notes, the periodic style (lexis katestrammene). The first phrase means literally “speech strung together” (from eiro, “to string or thread together”, like beads in tesco business model, a necklace); the second, “speech turned or guided toward an end”; the word “period” (periodos, “way around”) refers metaphorically to a racecourse, where the starting and finish lines were the same: contestants went out and around the turning-post, then retraced their path. The Obscure Spark? The loose style is often called the waldo emerson facts, “running style”, a term which can be confusing in view of the jude the obscure notes, race-course metaphor of the term “periodic”.
[Dover points out the difficulty of interpreting the terms lexis katestrammene and periodos ( The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2, Appendix: Period and Kolon). He thinks that the word periodos , rather than referring to a race-course, describes “a unit of utterance which begins from and Proficiency Language, major pause and ‘returns’ to a state of rest by leading to a second pause” (p. The Obscure? 39).] These two styles represent two ways of developing and structuring sentences. In the loose style one statement is simply followed by another with no indication that another statement is ralph waldo, coming. The sentence ends with the the obscure notes, final statement, without giving the reader or hearer any idea that it is about to tesco business model end. It could just as easily have ended one clause (or several) earlier or later. Here is a banal example in English: “Bill went to the store and bought some milk and decided to get some cheese; he came home and saw that the cat had gotten out; he looked for it and couldn’t find it; his TV suddenly went blank.” No statement looks ahead to what follows; the series could stop at any point or go on indefinitely. There is jude the obscure notes, no “race-course” with a beginning, a turning point, and an end.
The virtue of this style is that it produces an impression of plain speaking. In a court case, for example, if one is texas massacre, trying to set out the facts and convince the jury of one’s honesty and straightforwardness (no matter how one has actually slanted the “facts”), this is the style to spark notes use. Sissy Jupe? Of course, the loose style, when handled well, is every bit as “rhetorical” as the periodic style–but its art is less apparent. In the periodic style, by contrast, markers of various sorts, often introducing phrases or clauses subordinate to the main idea, indicate the path ahead. The reader sees signs of the obscure spark things to come and is prepared for them when they appear. The art of professional goal statements composing and of reading this sort of Greek involves setting up and then fulfilling (often with variations along the way) assumptions about how the sentence will develop. At the finish, the audience should feel that an appropriate end has been reached, a clearly defined course completed. Jude The Obscure Spark Notes? All periodic composition involves, in one way or another, suspension of sense: the arrangement of one or more elements of the ralph facts, sentence so that the thought is not felt to be complete until something else has been added. Let us rewrite the sentence above in periodic style: “After his trip to the store, where he bought milk and (on a sudden whim) cheese, Bill’s arrival at home was marred, first by his cat, who had gotten away and couldn’t be found, then by his TV, which suddenly went blank.” Bill’s shopping expedition has become a noun phrase introduced by jude the obscure spark, the preposition “after”. His purchases are subordinated in professional statements, a clause introduced by the conjunction “where”. The Obscure? A parenthesis characterizes his acquisition of cheese.
The center of the sentence makes the main point: coming home was no fun. The two reasons for chainsaw, this are appended in the obscure spark notes, two parallel expressions consisting of an adverb (“first”, “then”), a prepositional phrase (“by his cat”, “by his TV”), and a relative clause (“who. . .”, “which. . .”). As silly as these sentences are, they illustrate an important point: unlike a simple narration in the running style, a periodic sentence will highlight the main point(s) the writer is trying to put across and will require the sissy jupe, writer to decide how various events or ideas are related. This need not mean, and in Greek usually does not mean, that the sentence is left grammatically incomplete until the very end. The Obscure Notes? More often, as above, the main clause is in the middle or even at the beginning, with subordinate elements appended. Many other arrangements are of tesco course possible and none is “objectively” better than another. What is important, in reading as well as in composing such sentences, is to understand the thought which drives the structure.
Loose Style and Periodic Style: Examples in English. The periodic style is not at home in present-day American English. Short, clear sentences pack more punch for us than syntactical and rhetorical baroque. The Obscure Notes? Too many connectives, too many subordinate clauses, too much suspension of sense makes one seem fussy, pedantic, orotund. Clean Wedding Telegrams? But we should recall the importance of Latin and Greek periodic style as a model for modern prose from the Renaissance onward. Here are examples in English of jude the obscure both styles. First, the ralph emerson facts, lexis eiromene which has enjoyed such a vogue in English through the twentieth century, in a paragraph from Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises : The bus climbed steadily up the road. The country was barren and jude the obscure notes, rocks stuck up through the clay. There was no grass beside the road. Looking back we could see the country spread out below.
Far back the fields were squares of green and brown on the hillsides. Sissy Jupe? Making the jude the obscure, horizon were the brown mountains. They were strangely shaped. As we climbed higher the horizon kept changing. As the bus ground slowly up the road we could see other mountains coming up in the south. Then the road came over the crest, flattened out, and went into a forest. Telegrams? It was a forest of cork oaks, and the sun came through the trees in the obscure spark, patches, and there were cattle grazing back in the trees. We went through the forest and the road came out and turned along a rise of texas massacre remake land, and out ahead of us was a rolling green plain, with dark mountains beyond it. These were not like the brown, heat-baked mountains we had left behind.
These were wooded and there were clouds coming down from them. The green plain stretched off. It was cut by fences and the white of the road showed through the trunks of the obscure notes a double line of trees that crossed the plain toward the north. As we came to the edge of the rise we saw the red roofs and white houses of Burguete ahead strung out on the plain, and away off on Gender Second Language the shoulder of the first dark mountain was the gray metal-sheathed roof of the monastery of Roncesvalles. (Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises , New York 1926, repr. 1954, chapter 3, p. 108) As an example of periodic style here is Samuel Johnson in the Preface to his edition of Shakespeare:
That praises are without reason lavished on the dead, and that the jude spark, honours due only to excellence are paid to antiquity, is a complaint likely to be always continued by those who, being able to add nothing to truth, hope for eminence from the heresies of paradox, or those who, being forced by disappointment upon consolatory expedients, are willing to hope from posterity what the present age refuses, and flatter themselves that the regard which is professional goal, yet denied by envy will be at last bestowed by time. . . . To works, however, of which the excellence is not absolute and definite, but gradual and comparative; to works not raised upon jude the obscure spark notes principles demonstrative and wedding, scientific, but appealing wholly to observation and spark, experience, no other test can be applied than length of duration and continuance of esteem. What mankind have long possessed they have often examined and tesco business model, compared, and if they persist to value the possession it is because frequent comparisons have confirmed opinion in its favour. As among the works of nature no man can properly call a river deep or a mountain high without the knowledge of many mountains and many rivers, so, in the obscure, the productions of genius, nothing can be styled excellent till it has been compared with other works of the waldo, same kind. . . Notes? . The reverence due to writings that have long subsisted arises, therefore, not from any credulous confidence in the superior wisdom of past ages, or gloomy persuasion of the sissy jupe, degeneracy of mankind, but is the consequence of acknowledged and jude the obscure notes, indubitable positions, that what has been longest known has been most considered, and what is most considered is wedding, best understood. (Samuel Johnson, Selected Writings , ed. R. T. Davies, Evanston 1965, pp. 262-263) The elegant and varied architecture of these sentences, made clear by a fullness of expression where parallel phrases reinforce one another, will serve to remind us that English, too, is capable not only of “straight talk” but also of jude the obscure spark grandiloquence.
We live in a Lysianic age, but our forbears were Ciceronians and Isokrateans. Sissy Jupe? [For the jude notes, difference between the two see Cicero‘s comments on Isokrates; E. Laughton, “Cicero and the Greek Orators”; G. Williamson, The Senecan Amble (on stylistic models in the Renaissance).] We should note, too, that in setting out to compose in a classical language we are participating, however tenuously, in a tradition which goes back to the humanists of the Renaissance, and indeed to the Hellenistic age. [Lanham (s.v. “period”, p. Gender Grammaticality And Proficiency In French Learners? 113) quotes Michael Baxandall, Giotto and the Orators (Oxford 1971), pp. 20-21 and 131: “The pattern of the grand neo-classical sentence was the period: that is, the sentence combining a number of the obscure thoughts and statements in a number of tesco model balanced clauses. . The Obscure Spark? . . It is quite difficult to waldo emerson enjoy the humanists’ preoccupation with the periodic sentence. . . . But one cannot come to historical terms with the humanists’ verbal performance without recognizing how supremely important it was for jude spark, them, and in how many different ways. The periodic sentence is the basic art form of the tesco business, early humanists. It was a test of the obscure notes prowess, a focus for criticism, the full flower of the classical way with words and waldo facts, notions, the medium of most statements about relationships, and . . Jude The Obscure Notes? . it became at a critical moment a humanist model of ralph emerson artistic composition in general. Jude The Obscure Spark Notes? . . . Gender Grammaticality Language? Compositio was a technical concept every schoolboy in the obscure notes, a humanist school had been taught to apply to texas massacre remake language. It did not mean what we mean by literary composition, but rather the putting together of the single evolved sentence or period, this being done within the framework of a four-level hierarchy of elements: words go to make up phrases, phrases to make clauses, clauses to make sentences.”] As we turn to Greek we shall be looking for examples of a loose style, where phrases and clauses come one after the other with no prior preparation, and a periodic style, where we are guided from a starting post, around a course, and back to a finish-line.
As one would expect, the loose style developed before the more elaborate periodic style. But only scraps of the earliest prose remain, and the greatest writer associated with this style, Herodotos, is far more sophisticated than some caricatures of him suggest and writes just as elegantly and jude the obscure notes, effortlessly in the periodic as in the loose style. The longest surviving fragment of Herodotos’ predecessor Hekataios (FHG 1, F15) provides a rare sample of a loose, naive style: For a graphic image of the Greek text click here. Orestheus, son of Deukalion, came to Aitolia for a kingdom and his dog gave birth to a log, and he ordered it to be buried, and from it grew a vine with many grapes. Thus he also named his own son Phytios. And from this one, Oineus was born, named from the vines (for the Greeks of old called vines oinai). Remake? And from Oineus was born Aitolos. Most striking is the almost complete lack of subordination or hypotaxis. Except for the participle kletheis modifying Oineus each idea is “strung” after the previous one with a coordinating conjunction, i.e. paratactically (with coordination or parataxis). The first three such links are made with kai; the repetition seems matter-of- fact, while in jude, a more sophisticated writer such as Lysias it would have made an emphatic point.
The remaining linkages are: dio (= dia ho, “on account of which, therefore”), de, the participle kletheis, gar, and again de. The Greek text above is given with Jacoby’s punctuation: two complete sentences, each with a concluding clause separated by a raised dot, the second containing also a parenthesis. There is ralph waldo facts, nothing, however, in jude the obscure spark notes, either the grammar or the sense to prevent putting a full stop at the end of each clause, including the one set off by parentheses. (The phrase kletheis apo ton ampelon could not, of course, stand alone, but it too is “tagged on” at the end of and Proficiency Second Language a clause.) Note also the somewhat repetitive pronouns: autou, hos, auto, autou, autou, toutou. Different as this is from the Greek of the obscure Lysias or Isokrates, it shares with the styles of later authors a concern that every clause be clearly connected to what precedes and follows. Nor is the connection in any way crude: in the first sentence the three kai’s lead to tesco a conclusion introduced by dio.
The second sentence uses different connectives (de, the participle, gar, de) and the words oinas, ekaloun and ampelous in the gar clause echo Oineus, kletheis, and the obscure notes, ampelon in the preceding clause. Even in the two simple statements introduced by de (toutou d’ Oineus egeneto. . .Oineos d’ egeneto Aitolos) the statements, position of egeneto changes, as does the position and spark, case of Oineus’ name. This is not to claim any great sophistication for waldo, Hekataios’ Greek, but only to remind us that naivete is a relative notion. This passage survives because it was cited as an the obscure spark, example of the professional goal, loose style and, as with other authors whom we know only by tiny fragments, we cannot be sure that it is typical of Hekataios. He may have assumed a more naive style when he was recounting a myth. Plato does this in a more sophisticated way, for example in a passage from the Protagoras , discussed below, which suggests a parody of a traditional style of naive storytelling. Hekataios’ successor Herodotos is notes, vastly more sophisticated. One should remember that he lived in Periclean Athens and was a friend of Sophocles; he wrote in Ionic dialect about the archaic age but was not himself “archaic”.
He is Grammaticality in French, a sophisticated storyteller (and historian!) who often employs, but is not limited to, lexis eiromene. Indeed, many a “loose” Herodotean sentence leads us step by step to a dramatic climax–and has, in retrospect, the jude spark, essential quality of a periodos. Such sentences gain much of clean telegrams their effect from the very fact that they do not broadcast their intentions. Here is jude spark, Herodotos’ description of the arrival of Adrastos at ralph waldo facts Sardis (1.35): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. When Croesus’ child had in hand his marriage, there arrived at Sardis a man bound up with misfortune and not clean in hands, being a Phrygian by birth and of the royal house. This man, coming to Croesus’ house according to jude the obscure the local customs asked to receive cleansing, and Croesus cleansed him. Cleansing is sissy jupe, similar for the Lydians and the Greeks. When Croesus had performed the accustomed rites, he inquired where the man was from and who he was, saying as follows: “Man, who are you and from where in Phrygia have you come to jude notes be at my hearth?
Whom of men or women did you kill?” And he answered: “King, of Gordias son of goal statements Midas I am the child, and I am called Adrastos, and jude, having killed my brother unwilling I am here, driven out by my father and deprived of everything.” And Croesus answered him as follows: “You are born of chainsaw remake men who are friends, it turns out, and you have come among friends, where you will lack for notes, nothing, remaining in our land, and statements, bearing this misfortune as lightly as possible you will profit most.” [This translation is as literal as possible consistent with giving a sense of the flow of Herodotos’ narrative. A useful exercise in coming to understand an the obscure, author’s style is to note the things which even such a close translation cannot convey.] Herodotos’ sentences are longer and more complex than Hekataios’ and, like all later writers, he uses participles far more extensively. As each sentence unfolds, however, each phrase or clause is sissy jupe, immediately clear: it advances the story without requiring us to hold several thoughts suspended at spark notes once. Thus the first sentence consists of professional statements a genitive absolute, followed by the main verb apikneetai, followed by its subject (aner, still unnamed), followed by more about the man: his misfortune, his uncleanliness, his birth. At the jude the obscure, end the phrases with men and sissy jupe, de, both dependent on eon, lead up to the obscure notes the climactic word basileiou; the chiastic placement of the similar words geneei and geneos accentuates the final phrase.
Each sentence that follows has a somewhat different structure and length. In the second sentence, for example, a participle leads off, then the main verb, then a second verb appended with de. Especially notable is Adrastos’ reply to Croesus, when he reveals who he is: the connectives are men. . Clean? .de. Jude Spark Notes? . Wedding Telegrams? .de. He begins with his father’s and grandfather’s names, then his own; then, in a clause far longer than the first two clauses, he reveals his misfortune. The aorist participle phoneusas (what he did) and the perfect participles exelelamenos and esteremenos (his present circumstances) carry the weight of this clause, with an unemphatic main verb (pareimi) coming between them. This sentence is a good example of an ascending trikolon , that is, a sentence in three parts with the longest element last.
Further, this last element is itself divided into two parts, the second of which is again divided. The Obscure Spark? One could thus call the sentence “periodic” in the sense that it forms a structured whole with (literally, in tesco business model, this case) a clear beginning, middle and end. Yet the effect, as we read it, is of one thought added to another in notes, a linear, “strung together” sequence. Also imparting “flavor” to Herodotos’ style are the repetitions and sissy jupe, “superfluous” words or phrases: in the first sentence, perhaps eon; in the second, houtos; in the fourth, legon tade. More generally, Croesus’ questions to Adrastos are stated first indirectly, then directly: epunthaneto hokothen te kai tis eie. The Obscure Spark? . . Goal Statements? .tis te eon kai kothen. (Note the the obscure notes, chiastic order, and note also that Adrastos replies chiastically, answering kothen before tis!) The effect is of an unhurried narrative–but not a flaccid one. Rather, Herodotos asks us to pause over each question, each answer, each event in the tale of Croesus, Atys and Adrastos so that at the end, in the magnificent, fully periodic sentence which concludes the clean, story (45.3), the whole weight slowly and relentlessly built up comes crashing down. [Cf.
Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 8.] For an analysis of the periodic sentence which begins Herodotos’ History , click here. Let us turn next to Lysias, who was noted for the simplicity and elegance of his style and the vividness and clarity of his narrations. In the speech Against Eratosthenes (8-10) he is describing his own arrest by the obscure, the Thirty Tyrants: For a graphic image of the texas chainsaw massacre remake, Greek text, click here. Dividing up the houses, they went on their way. Me they found while I was entertaining guests; they sent them away and jude spark notes, handed me over to sissy jupe Peison. The others went to the workshop and made a list of the slaves. I asked Peison if he wanted to take money and rescue me. He said he would, if it were a lot.
I said then that I was ready to give him a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. Now I knew that he had no regard for the obscure spark notes, either gods or human beings, but nevertheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to be imperative to get some pledge from business, him. After he swore an oath, calling down ruin on jude the obscure spark himself and his children, that he would accept the statements, talent and jude spark notes, save me, I went into the room and opened the model, chest. Jude The Obscure Spark Notes? Peison noticed and came in, and wedding, when he saw the contents he called two of his servants and the obscure notes, ordered them to take the things in the chest. This translation ignores most of the connectives and converts most of the participles to finite verbs but nonetheless retains the waldo facts, exact order in which Lysias’ narrative unfolds. Indeed, one sign of jude the obscure spark lexis eiromene is that one can translate it in order, phrase by model, phrase, without transposing anything. Such a translation, however, involves a considerable restructuring of Lysias’ Greek.
To examine further the way Lysias has structured his narrative let us reproduce each element of the Greek on a separate line, with indentations to show the relationship among them; the excruciatingly literal translation which follows will show how complex the jude the obscure notes, “loose” style of Lysias really is. To emphasize the careful connection and subordination of the massacre remake, Greek (even where ideas seem to spark follow straightforwardly one after the other), words which serve as signposts are in boldface and circumstantial participles, which express so many subordinated ideas so concisely, are underlined in the Greek graphic. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. And dividing up the houses they went on their way. And me, on the one hand, they found entertaining guests, whom driving out facts, they handed me over to Peison; the rest, on the other hand, going to jude the obscure spark the workshop, made a list of the sissy jupe, slaves. And I asked Peison, on the one hand, (5) if he wanted to rescue me, taking money. he, on the other hand, said he did, if it were a lot. I said then that I was prepared to give a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. The Obscure Spark? (10)
Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or men, but nonetheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to be most necessary. to take a pledge from chainsaw massacre, him. And when he swore, calling down ruin on the obscure notes himself and his children, (15) that accepting the talent he would save me, going into the room I opened the box; But Peison, noticing, came in. and, seeing the contents, called two of his servants. and ordered them to business model take the things in the box. [As a tool for analyzing Greek style such an ultra-literal translation is jude the obscure notes, far more useful than a smooth, fully Englished version, since the goal is to understand the Greek, not to replace it. Students should develop the goal, habit of translating Greek this way, in the order of the spark notes, original. To aim for a “polished” translation is to ignore what makes the Greek distinctive.] Before we analyze this passage, a general note about the line-division and indentation of this and other passages below. It is intended only to sissy jupe suggest the units of meaning into which the sentence seems to fall.
Each such unit was probably, but far from certainly, followed by a distinct pause when the Greek was spoken aloud; much depended on a speaker’s (or reader’s) delivery. No “scientific” accuracy is the obscure notes, claimed or, indeed, is possible. Tesco? Lines often, but not always, correspond to kola. (To be entirely consistent one would have to place eipon oun , for example, on a separate line, but this would create a false impression of composition in very short units [kommata].) We should remember, more fundamentally, that the very idea of a “sentence” is modern: ancient writers speak of a dianoia or sententia, “thought”, which may not coincide with our idea of a “sentence”. [For a modern definition of a sentence see, e.g., Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , p. 111.] Likewise, while a “period” (periodos) often corresponds to jude the obscure what we would call a “sentence”, a portion of a sentence can constitute a complete period (as remarked by Aristotle and Demetrios). Modern punctuation represents the judgment of modern editors; in setting out texts I have generally followed the consensus of editors on the placement of full stops. [See, e.g., Johnson, Luxuriance and Economy , pp.
15-17 with references.] Nor does a kolon (“limb”, membrum) necessarily correspond to what we call a “clause”; E. Fraenkel has shown that even a short phrase can have the force of a kolon. [See also H. Dik, Word Order in Ancient Greek , chapter 3.] And there is Grammaticality in French Language, no hard and fast distinction between a kolon and the shorter unit called a komma (“cutting”, incisum). As for the indentations, they do not follow any set system but are intended as guides to the structure of the sentence. In particular they do not always correspond to levels of subordination. (I have always found complex systems of notation, based on subordination, baffling.) Readers can learn a great deal by (re)organizing the jude notes, “layout” of professional goal these passages in their own way and analyzing other passages of their own choice. Now for Lysias. In the passage quoted above there is almost nothing of the obscure notes overt rhetorical artifice, but its art becomes apparent when one observes, for example, the interweaving of telegrams participles and finite verbs. They tend to be paired, but not mechanically so. The last sentence (lines 18-20), which describes Peison’s actions, is set out in jude the obscure, three parts linked by kai. Lysias could have achieved greater concision and concentration, perhaps, by putting everything into a single clause with several participles and one main verb, but this would spoil the ralph facts, simplicity of the the obscure, narrative: Peison came into the room; he saw what was in the chest; he issued a command. (Two historical presents, eiserkhetai and kalei [but not a third –note ekeleusen], add to the vividness.) The participles tell why (proximately) he did what he did, and it is worth analyzing each participle in this passage as to whether it is causal, temporal, conditional, or whatever. Note especially eparomenos in Peison’s oath (15): the phrase in which it appears is a longer element between two shorter ones, and we linger on it before coming to the oath itself, labon. . .sosein.
Of course, even without such analysis the reader responds directly to sissy jupe what Lysias writes–but for this very reason it is jude the obscure notes, easy to miss how much he is telling us, simply and chainsaw, elegantly. Notice also the variety. Shorter elements are interspersed among longer ones; constructions are varied. An indirect question leads to indirect statements: Peisona men eroton ei. . . , ho d’ ephasken ei. . . ., eipon oun hoti . Jude The Obscure? . . Waldo Emerson? ., ho d’ homologese. . Jude Notes? . Sissy Jupe? ., epistamen men oun hoti. . ., homos d’. . .edokei. . The Obscure Spark? . ., epeide de omosen. . . Grammaticality And Proficiency Second Language Learners? . Note, too, the placement of sosai. . .labon (6), labein (13), labon. . .sosein (16), labein (20). The repetition is “subliminal” rather than rhetorically insistent and includes a nice chiasmus (6, 16).
In short, this is rhetorical art which succeeds by jude the obscure notes, concealing itself. As with Herodotos, lexis eiromene is anything but naive. If one wants to ralph appreciate Lysias fully, one need only jude the obscure notes, attempt to translate a similar narrative from English to Greek! For an analysis of periodic sentences by professional goal, Lysias, click here. Sophisticated in a different way is the storytelling style which Plato adopts from time to time, for jude, example in the fable about the origin of justice told by texas chainsaw massacre, Protagoras in the dialogue of that name. Here is an excerpt (320c8-e4): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
Once there was a time. when gods existed. but mortal kinds did not. And when for these too there came the appointed time of birth, gods molded them within the earth (5) from earth and fire mixing them. and from the things which blend with fire and earth. And when they were ready to lead them to the light, they bade Prometheus and jude notes, Epimetheus. adorn them and assign powers to each as was fitting. (10) And Epimetheus asked Prometheus if he could assign them himself. “And when I’ve assigned them,” he said, “you inspect them.”
And so persuading, he assigned. And in his assigning, to sissy jupe some he attached strength without speed; the weaker with speed he adorned; (15) some he weaponed; to some awarding a weaponless nature, another power he devised for their safety: to the ones he wrapped in smallness. winged flight or underground home he assigned; (20) the ones he increased in greatness, by this very thing he made them safe. And so he assigned the the obscure spark, rest, maintaining a balance. On its surface the style of this passage is naive: Plato imparts a “flavor” of archaism to his story with short clauses, simple declarative statements, and repeated words. The first sentence (1-3) has three brief clauses with the verb eimi; the second and third clauses are exactly parallel, and the whole sentence begins and ralph emerson, ends with the jude, same word (the figure of tesco business kyklos). The variation theoi/thneta gene avoids a too-exact symmetry. The next two sentences (4-7, 8-10) are structured like each other, but there is variety within that structure: an epeide-clause, then the main verb, then a subordinate verb form (participle/infinitives), then a subordinate clause (hosa. Jude Spark? . .hos. . .). Massacre? [The subordinate clause hos prepei is jude, virtually an business model, adverb and thus does not have a line to itself.] The first of these sentences could have been ended after lines 5 or 6; the addition of notes line 7 is elegant, with its chiasmus (ges kai puros, 6; puri kai gei, 7) and the variation meixantes/kerannutai.
Three short statements follow (11-13), with a fivefold repetition of forms of nemo carrying over from the preceding sentence (10) and into Grammaticality in French Language the next (14). In particular, the jude the obscure spark notes, repetition of the last word of a sentence at the beginning of the next one (neimai/neimantos, nemei/nemon) is in the manner of Herodotos. Each of these three statements could stand as a separate sentence; each is shorter than the one before. One can see the art of this by glancing at the next sentence, which runs through line 18 (in thought, all the way to 23): exactly the sort of tesco business variety that Plato always seeks, and a sure sign that he is creating the illusion of a naive style, not the real thing. Jude The Obscure? This sentence catalogs the attributes which Epimetheus assigned to various creatures. After the Gender in French Second Language, link-word nemon these are set forth with a men and three des; note the chiastic variation tois/tous/tous/tois and the varied length of the the obscure spark notes, clauses. The fourth clause (17) begins with a participle instead of a finite verb and introduces the whole category of animals without natural weapons; the longer kolon in 18, with the verb emekhanato at its center, sets the stage for the second catalog of attributes in 19-23. Here each category of animals is waldo facts, introduced by a relative clause, followed by a main clause detailing how these creatures were protected.
The description of small animals, of course, is much longer than that of large ones! Finally, again very much in the manner of Plato, the enumeration is notes, concisely cut short by the final summary in ralph facts, 23. Particularly elegant is the repetition nemon (14), enemen (20), enemen (23): a kyklos with an extra form in the middle. A playful and the obscure spark, sophisticated Platonic fable, then, where the narrative progresses straightforwardly even when sentence-structure becomes complex. Ralph Emerson? Nowhere is anything essential to grammatical sense or meaning suspended for more than one line, so that the dominant impression is of someone speaking in the loose, “strung-together” style. Periodic Style: Demosthenes and Isokrates. Turning to lexis katestrammene (lexis he en periodois), let us begin with a sentence of the obscure Demosthenes which Demetrios quotes as an example of a period whose form is determined precisely by its content, and Gender Grammaticality Second Language Learners, which Demetrios then re-arranges into non-periodic style (Demosthenes 20.1; Demetrios 10-11). Here, and in the examples which follow, the periodic effect is gained by notes, suspending until the end of the sentence an tesco model, element essential for the grammar and the sense. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Men of the jury, most of all because I think it benefits the city for the law to be annulled, second for the sake of Chabrias’ child,
I have agreed that I shall, as best I am able, speak for these men. Demetrios says that this period, which consists of three kola [apart from the jude spark, opening vocative], has a certain “bending” or “turning” (kampe) and “concentration” or “coiling together” (sustrophe) at the end. Wedding Telegrams? What gives it this quality? Unlike the examples of lexis eiromene quoted above, this sentence begins with two kola subordinate to the final kolon not only grammatically but also in sense: malista men heineka. Jude Notes? . . ./eita kai. . .heineka. . Professional? . . The main verb homologesa comes at the beginning of the last kolon but requires an infinitive in indirect statement to complete its meaning. Demosthenes holds this infinitive until the jude the obscure, end by dividing toutois from sunerein with a subordinate clause. The whole sentence is aimed at an end, which sunerein provides.
Note, incidentally, that Demosthenes avoids a too-exact corresponsion of the first two kola by varying their length, changing the position of Gender Grammaticality Second heineka, having heineka govern first an articular infinitive then a noun, and by answering men not with de but with eita kai. Demetrios’ re-arrangement of jude spark notes this into Gender and Proficiency a non-period is jude the obscure, instructive. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I shall speak for these men, citizens of Athens. For Chabrias’ son is a friend of mine, and much more than him the sissy jupe, city, for which it is right for me to speak. As Demetrios remarks, the period has disappeared.
Each kolon is jude the obscure, independent in sense; a full stop could be placed at the end of any of the clean wedding, first three kola. Nothing forces us to look ahead for a conclusion to come. Spark? (Indeed, Demosthenes’ final word has become Demetrios’ first.) We are not on a circular course, with a turning point and a finish line in sight, but on ralph emerson facts a straight path of uncertain length. Jude Notes? Each kolon is appended to the preceding one rather than fulfilling an expectation set up earlier. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. A longer periodic sentence of Demosthenes is analyzed below. To return to the table of contents, click here. Here is a period from tesco model, Isokrates’ Panegyrikos (186), cited by Aristotle in the Rhetoric (1410a): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
Fame and memory and glory. how much ought one to think. those will either possess while alive. or leave behind when they die. who in deeds of this sort excel? Only a tortured English translation, as above, can reflect the way Isokrates has directed this sentence toward its “finish-line”, aristeusantas. Each element of the sentence requires something later to complete its meaning: first come three accusatives; then they are made part of a question governed by the verbs khre and nomizein, the first of jude which requires an accusative subject, the second an infinitive; then come two parallel accusatives and infinitives, but since the accusative words are participles we still don’t know who the sentence is about; finally, the phrase tous. . Texas Massacre Remake? .aristeusantas, with a prepositional phrase enclosed, tells us. Notice also how Isokrates emphasizes the jude the obscure, structure of the sentence with repeated sounds and words: phemen, mnemen, posen; nomizein, ekhein, kataleipsein; e, e; zontas, teleutesantas, aristeusantas. Each of these repetitions spans two or three kola and leads us forward to the conclusion. A longer periodic sentence of Isokrates is analyzed below. Short and sissy jupe, Long Kola: Xenophon and jude the obscure spark notes, Thucydides.
As is tesco, usual in Greek, each kolon in the examples just discussed is short and easily comprehended. Jude Spark? Were this not so, it would be very difficult to goal suspend the sense until the very end. Two examples cited by jude the obscure, Demetrios, each a description of a river, show the telegrams, strikingly different effect of very short kola (kommata) and unusually long ones. First, Xenophon’s description of the river Teleboas ( Anabasis 4.4.3, Demetrios 6): houtos d’ en kalos men, megas d’ ou. This (river) was beautiful, but not large. Then Thucydides’ description of the Acheloos (2.102.2, Demetrios 45): For a graphic image of the jude spark, Greek text, click here.
For the river Acheloos, flowing down from Mount Pindos through Dolopia and clean telegrams, the Agraioi and Amphilochoi, and through the Akarnanian plain, skirting the jude spark notes, city Stratos upland. and discharging into the sea by Oiniadai and creating a marsh around their city, makes it impossible, because of the water, in winter to mount a campaign. The sentence, like the river, flows and twists and turns to its conclusion. Only in the last kolon do we get the main verb, and the adjective aporon preceding it forces us to wait for the final word, strateuein, which explains the strategic reason for the entire excursus introduced by gar. An appropriately serpentine periodos! As a final example of a periodos where sense is suspended until the end, here is a sentence of Lysias, who was just as much at home in the periodic as in the loose style (25.18):
For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. But if you think it necessary. the men whom those ones omitted to harm. yourselves to ruin, none of the clean wedding telegrams, citizens will be left. In the protasis of this conditional sentence Lysias gains extra force first by using ei plus the indicative rather than the more usual ean plus subjunctive (making the jude the obscure spark notes, whole sentence in effect a future most vivid or minatory conditional sentence), then by bringing the relative clause forward to precede the infinitive apolesai on which it depends.
The sentence concludes both logically and dramatically with the main verb hupoleiphthesetai. Not every periodic sentence postpones an essential element until the very end. Such sentences are indeed the most neatly “rounded” and “directed toward a finish-line”, but a longer period expressing complex ideas would be difficult for an audience to follow if they had to keep track of multiple suspensions of meaning and multiple subordinations until the final kolon. Often the main verb comes at the beginning or in the middle, and the effect of a structured whole is achieved by carefully arranging parallel or antithetical kola whose sense is complete before the sentence moves on. Here is Isokrates’ description of Xerxes’ march through northern Greece ( Panegyrikos 89, cited in part by Aristotle, Rhetoric 1410a):
For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Who came to Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second Learners so great a point of arrogance. that, thinking it was a small task to subjugate Greece. and wanting to leave a monument so great. that it is the obscure, not a thing of human birth, he did not earlier stop (5) until he discovered and goal statements, compelled. the thing which all men talk about: how with his army. to sail through the mainland. and march through the sea, (10) yoking the Hellespont.
and digging through Athos. This is a splendid example of a long and carefully crafted period where the main verb comes in the first kolon and jude the obscure spark notes, everything else unfolds in ralph waldo emerson, later subordinations. Jude The Obscure? The layers of subordination, rather than creating a tangled suspension of sense, unfold clearly and in tesco business model, sequence. Notes? Note how small the ralph, elements are which make up most of this sentence. The longest kola, the second and third, describe Xerxes’ grandiose thoughts; as his plan progresses, things seem to get easier until, in two short phrases, he yokes the sea and digs the land. And note the careful and varied connections: relative clauses, result clauses, a temporal clause, pairs of participles and a pair of infinitives set off by men and de.
Note, finally, how similar sounds reinforce parallel structures: pleusai, pezeusai (9,10); zeuxas, dioruxas (11,12). End-rhyme links the paired verb forms, the first syllable of zeuxas picking up sounds from the preceding pair. Another period of Isokrates is analyzed above. Many periodoi are based neither on suspension of sense nor on grammatical subordination but consist of a series of parallel or antithetical kola. Here are two examples from the obscure, Lysias cited by C. D. Adams in professional goal statements, his insightful discussion of the the obscure, differences between loose and tesco business model, periodic style (Lysias, Selected Speeches , pp. 345-352): For a graphic image of the jude notes, Greek text, click here. The killing of men they thought of no importance; the taking of money they considered of great importance. (12.7) For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. many of the citizens to our enemies they banished; many they wrongly killed and left unburied; many with civic rights they disenfranchised; of many the daughters about to be married they balked. (12.21) Strictly speaking, the first of these sentences presents an antithesis, the second a series of parallels.
In each, however, as commonly, the kola are closely parallel in form: in the first, each kolon consists of Grammaticality and Proficiency in French infinitive + direct object + phrase with peri + main verb; at the end the rhyme hegounto/epoiounto (homoioteleuton) reinforces the parallel and brings closure. The kola are nearly equal in length: 18 and jude the obscure, 16 syllables (the figure of isokolon or, more strictly, parisosis). The conjunctions men and de produce a suspension not of immediate meaning but of general thought: while the first kolon gives a complete thought, we know that more is to come. In the second sentence four parallel kola portray the nefarious character of the Thirty Tyrants. Not only are the kola nearly identical in length (17, 17, 15, and 18 syllables) but their similarity is strengthened by the repetitions pollous/pollous/pollous/pollon at the beginning and exelasan/epoiesan/katestesan/ekolusan at the end. The detail added by the fourth kolon–the confiscations of property even prevented some families from giving their daughters dowries–provides a vivid and sissy jupe, dramatic climax and spark notes, brings a sense of periodic closure. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. For a graphic of Lysias 12.99-100 laid out in kola and kommata, click here. Even a single kolon can be periodic. Demetrios cites (17) the professional statements, opening of Herodotos’ History : Herodotou Halikarnasseos histories apodexis hede. Jude Spark? . Clean? . . Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this.
A neat suspension of jude the obscure notes sense, where longer words lead to a shorter “capstone”, hede. Since this period is part of clean a longer sentence, it is worth quoting the whole thing: For a graphic image of the spark notes, Greek text, click here. Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this, that neither may the things done by men with time become extinct. nor may great and wondrous deeds, some by foreigners shown forth, both the other events and through what cause they warred with each other. Thus, in a masterful period, does Herodotos reveal the goal and scope of his History . Note the careful connections and goal, the alternation of long and short kola. Note the double purpose clause (hos mete. . .genetai, mete. . .genetai), where the second clause makes us wait while the meaning of erga is amplified by ta men. . . ta de. . . in apposition. Spark? Note, especially, how the Persian Wars appear, understated, in a kolon appended at the very end, in apposition to and amplifying what went before.
Isokrates could have done no better. Rhetorical, Historical, and goal, Philosophical Periods. Thus periodic sentences can have various structures and can achieve “rounding” or “concentration toward an spark, end” or “completeness” in various ways and to various degrees. In addition to Adams‘ distinction between periods involving suspension of sense, antithesis, and parallelism one should take note of the more fundamental distinction which Demetrios draws between three types of period, according to Gender Grammaticality in French Language how tightly they are constructed: the rhetorical period, the historical period, and the philosophical period or period of dialogue. The rhetorical period is the most rounded, with a “turning” and “concentration” at the end (Demetrios 10). Spark Notes? Examples are the passages from Demosthenes (20.1), Thucydides (2.102.2), and Isokrates (Panegyrikos 186) discussed above, where a crucial element is withheld until the conclusion. To return to the table of contents, click here.
A Short Historical Period of Xenophon. As an example of a historical period Demetrios cites the opening of Xenophon’s Anabasis : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Of Dareios and Parysatis were born two children, the older Artaxerxes, the younger Kyros. (Anabasis 1.1; Demetrios 3) According to texas massacre remake Demetrios this sentence consists of jude spark notes two kola, each of which, while an integral part of the sentence, completes its own thought. [One could also treat the business model, phrases with men and de as separate kola (or kommata).] That is, the first kolon is complete in itself, but the second adds details which, once we have them, we perceive as part of an organized whole.
Many sentences, both shorter and jude the obscure spark, longer, are organized in this way, not only by historians but by every kind of writer. The construction is looser than that of a rhetorical period but still produces the impression of a rounded whole. To return to the table of contents, click here. The philosophical period or period of dialogue is looser still and barely gives the impression of being a period at all. Demetrios cites the opening of Plato’s Republic : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I went down yesterday to Peiraios. with Glaukon, Ariston’s son, to pray to the goddess. and also wanting to see the texas chainsaw, festival, how they would perform it, since now they’re holding it for the first time. (Plato, Republic 327a1-3; Demetrios 21) Demetrios notes that kolon is piled on jude the obscure notes kolon in apparent artlessness–yet, as critics have long remarked, this is wedding telegrams, one of the most studied and artful of Greek sentences. [See, for example, Denniston’s remarks ( Greek Prose Style , p. 41).] Plato is said to have puzzled long over the order of the the obscure, opening words.
The very first word is the professional statements, main verb; a full stop could be placed at jude the end of each kolon (except for Gender in French Second, the third, where te looks ahead to kai hama); the indirect question tina tropon poiesousin comes as a seeming afterthought, picking up the accusative heorten of the previous kolon (the fairly common figure of prolepsis). Yet by the end we have run a full course, a periodos. The sentence is more than what it seems to be: formally (grammatically) one could regard it as lexis eiromene, but it is really periodic. There is no one formula, then, for a periodic sentence nor, as we are reading an author, should we expect to be able to say with certainty whether this or that sentence or passage is “loose” or “periodic”, much less classify each sentence as rhetorical, historical, or philosophical. Rather, we should observe how Greek writers ring changes on sentence-patterns and notes, how they use connectives and rhetorical figures as “signposts” for the listener and reader. Labels, where we can assign them, are means, not ends. For Demetrios’ remarks on professional the three types of jude the obscure period, click here. In order to place in professional statements, perspective the use of rhetorical figures as guides to the architecture of a sentence, let us look at the most exuberant rhetorician of them all, Gorgias of Leontinoi, who amazed the Athenians with a style in jude the obscure notes, which repeated sounds and plays on words were part of the very texture of the Greek.
Our Gorgianic exemplar is chapter 6 of the sissy jupe, Encomium of Helen . For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. For either by Fortune’s volitions. and the gods’ counsels. and Necessity’s decrees. she did what she did, or by force seized (5) or by the obscure notes, words persuaded.
If, then, because of the first, worthy to be accused is the one accusing: for god’s zealousness by human forethought it is impossible to hinder. Grammaticality And Proficiency In French Language Learners? (10) For it is jude, natural not for the stronger thing by the weaker to be hindered, but for the weaker by the stronger to be ruled and guided, and for the stronger to sissy jupe lead. and the weaker to follow. But god than man is the obscure, a stronger thing (15) both in force and in wisdom and in all else. If, then, to Fortune and the god the blame one must assign, verily Helen from her ill fame one must absolve. Not only is the passage composed for the most part of very short elements (kommata rather than kola) but many of these are the texas, same or nearly the same in length (isokolon or parisosis): Tukhes boulemasi, theon bouleumasi, and Anagkes psephismasin (lines 1-3) are 6, 6, and 7 syllables; to men kreisson hegeisthai and to de hesson hepesthai (13-14) are each 7 syllables. End-rhyme (homoioteleuton) is everywhere: boulemasi, bouleumasi, psephismasin; harpastheisa, peistheisa, (5-7) [ is a medieval conjecture based on Gorgias’ development of the argument in chapter 15]; anatheteon, apoluteon (17-18).
Parallel phrases follow one another in staccato succession: genitive noun + dative noun (1-3); substantive + phrase with hupo + infinitive(s) (11-12); substantive + infinitive (13-14). Parallelism of sound and structure comes from plays on sound (parechesis) and meaning (paronomasia) within and between phrases, with similar words and even forms of the same word juggled kaleidoscopically: boulemasi/bouleumasi (1-2); aitiasthai/aitiomenos (9), where the first form is passive, the second middle; kreisson. The Obscure Spark Notes? . Gender And Proficiency In French Learners? .hessonos. . .hesson. The Obscure Spark? . .kreissonos. . .kreisson. . .hesson (11-14), a double chiasmus. Note also the end-rhymes in -sthai and the alliteration of h- in 13-14: hegeisthai/hesson/hepesthai. Especially bizarre is theou prothumian/anthropinoi promethiai in 10: what appears to be a longer kolon is broken up (or is it simply tangled, like vain human intentions?) by these nearly impenetrable phrases. Before dismissing these devices as puerilities, we should remember two things: first, the Greeks did not regard words merely as arbitrary collections of chainsaw massacre remake phonemes randomly assigned meanings; sound was connected to jude spark sense. Second, the argument from tesco business model, which this passage is excerpted is the obscure spark notes, meticulously logical and Grammaticality and Proficiency Second Language, entirely typical of fifth-century “sophistic” argumentation as exemplified in Euripides, Thucydides, and Aristophanes. [See the works of John Finley cited in the bibliography.] The layout of this passage in the graphic attempts to isolate its smallest constituent elements. Gorgias encourages this with his insistent repetitions and the obscure, isokola. But if we step back and clean wedding, look at overall sentence-structure, Gorgias’ sophistication is evident.
The first sentence (1-7) pivots around epraxen ha epraxen; the jude spark, possible reasons for Helen’s elopement are presented on either side of this main clause. Preceding it is one possibility (Fortune, gods, Necessity) divided into three; following it are others (probably three in number with one phrase each). Although we cannot know, as we read, exactly where the series will end (and indeed we do not know, since line 7 is a conjecture!), Gorgias suspends the Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Language Learners, sense nicely near the center of the the obscure, sentence. The second sentence (8- 9), a straightforward protasis + apodosis, is inherently periodic. In the next (10) the predicate adjective adunaton, which reveals the grammatical construction, comes next to chainsaw massacre remake last, and the direct object prothumian receives its infinitive (the subject of the sentence) only at the end. By contrast, in the longer sentence which follows (11- 14) everything depends on the first word, pephuke: the first kolon, introduced by ou, leads to the second, which answers ou with alla and jude, where koluesthai is answered by two infinitives, arkhesthai and agesthai; at the end (13-14) two further articular infinitives amplify the idea expressed in line 12. Since the phrases with men and model, de form a single thought, they could just as easily be placed on jude the obscure notes a single line. They would then complete an ascending trikolon.
The next-to-last sentence (15-16) is a straightforward nominal sentence, with kreisson amplified by three datives each introduced by kai. The final sentence consists of protasis + apodosis, each concluded by wedding telegrams, a verbal adjective. [In line 18 the jude the obscure spark notes, first word is MacDowell’s conjecture (CQ [n.s.] 11  p. 121).] Thus if we go beneath the dazzling surface of Gorgias’ rhetoric the confident construction of the sentences which convey his argument is apparent. Gorgias’ prose, with its successive kommata and telegrams, insistent jingles, seems at first anything but “periodic”. Demetrios, however, describes Gorgias as writing entirely in periods (15).
Critics have puzzled over how his audience could have been so impressed by Gorgias’ speaking, but in jude spark, the courts as well as in the ekklesia the goal, after all, was effective argumentation, and the present epideixis is sissy jupe, a tour de force of exactly that. If we look to the overall length and structure of each successive argument in Gorgias’ logos, a different Gorgias emerges, an expert packager of solid, familiar arguments in jude the obscure spark, novel form. Often cited in this context is Kleon’s condemnation of the Athenians’ obsession with rhetoric (Thucydides 3.38). The Athenians, says Kleon, want to anticipate a speaker’s words and be seen doing so. Texas Chainsaw Massacre? Later, for jude, an audience to do this was a sign of an unoriginal speaker whose words followed an all-too-predictable course (cf. Demetrios 15). This is the Gender Grammaticality in French Second, audience that, only months later, Gorgias astounded with his speaking. Such a seasoned, even jaded audience was ready for something new. Gomme‘s notes ad loc., citing several passages from Aristophanes, evoke well the jude spark, intellectual atmosphere attending Gorgias’ arrival. To conclude this section here is an appropriately rhetorical translation of this passage by Larue Van Hook:
For either by the disposition of clean fortune and the ratification of the gods and the determination of jude necessity she did what she did, or by violence confounded, or by persuasion dumbfounded, or to Love surrendered. If, however, it was against her will, the culpable should not be exculpated. For it is impossible to forestall divine disposals by human proposals. It is tesco business model, a law of nature that the stronger is not subordinated to jude the obscure the weaker, but the weaker is subjugated and dominated by the stronger; the stronger is the leader, while the weaker is the entreater. Divinity surpasses humanity in might, in sight, and in telegrams, all else. Therefore, if on fortune and the deity we must visit condemnation, the infamy of Helen should find no confirmation. [Published in his introduction to Isokrates’ Helen , in vol. 3 of the jude, Loeb edition of Isokrates, pp. 55-57.]
Here, lastly, is an example of the finest periodic style in Greek, the mature style of Demosthenes. Sissy Jupe? Over the jude notes, course of his career, Demosthenes developed a style unrivaled for its variety, intensity, and concentration, a style not wholly periodic like that of Isokrates but mixing long and emerson, complex periods with shorter, simpler statements, questions, exclamations. A good Demosthenic periodos, often cited, is the opening of the speech On the Crown : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. First, Athenian men, I pray to all the gods and goddesses, as much good will as I continually have to the city and all of you, that so much be accorded me from you for spark, this contest; second, a thing which especially concerns you and your piety and reputation, this for the gods to statements grant you: (5) not to notes make my opponent your advisor. about how you ought to listen to me. (that would be outrageous) but the laws and the oath, in which, in addition to the other just things, this too is written: (10) to listen to both in the same way. At the outset of his speech Demosthenes gives original form to a commonplace idea: both sides deserve a hearing, and each speaker should be allowed to develop his arguments in his own way. At each stage of the sentence grammatical “signposts” and other key words create a suspension of meaning which is professional, only resolved in jude spark, a later kolon. Demosthenes casts the entire sentence as a prayer (as he does the conclusion of the speech , which repays comparison). The prayer has two main parts, introduced by proton men (1) and epeith’ (4). The unremarkable words tois theois eukhomai are made memorable by three more words, bracketing the verb: tois theois eukhomai pasi kai pasais, which gives a striking rhythm: three cretics and a spondee.
As for the content of the sissy jupe, prayer, it will be given by the infinitives huparxai (3) and jude notes, parastesai (5). Texas Chainsaw Massacre? Preceding the first is a relative clause introduced by hosen, which looks ahead to jude the obscure notes the correlative tosauten for the completion of and Proficiency in French Language its meaning: in return for jude, his efforts on professional behalf of the city and its citizens, Demosthenes asks an equal recompense (a point reinforced by humin. . .par’ humon). The second infinitive, parastesai, is again preceded by a relative clause, this time introduced by hoper, which looks ahead to its antecedent touto (and note, in 4 and 5, huper humon and humin, forming an jude notes, elegant chiasmus with the earlier pronouns humin  and humon ). But the second part of the ralph waldo, prayer is jude notes, not complete. Unlike toiauten huparxai the phrase touto parastesai forces us to look ahead to complete the meaning of touto, which is sissy jupe, supplied by jude notes, the infinitive me. . .poiesasthai, in apposition to touto. But we are not through yet. Ralph Waldo Facts? The word sumboulon requires an explanation, provided (7) by notes, a concise prepositional phrase with an articular indirect question (!). Demosthenes then pauses for a parenthetical remark (8).
Then he picks up and continues the construction which he had interrupted: me ton antidikon sumboulon poiesasthai. . Remake? .alla tous nomous kai ton horkon. His delivery would have made it clear that me was here not a simple negative but required alla to complete its meaning. The period concludes with a relative clause explaining the jurors’ oath–a clause whose culmination is prepared for by a prepositional phrase with pros and by the obscure spark notes, the pronoun touto, in apposition to which comes the final articular infinitive–the point of the whole sentence, an equal hearing for both sides, invested now with the authority of the gods and the solemnity of the oath. A complex period, with many suspensions of sense. With a subtle art Demosthenes resolves one suspension even as he introduces another. The main verb leads off; the climax of the sentence comes in a “mere” relative clause. There are clear signposts, but they are varied and not pedantically regular. The same variety is apparent in the two parts of the prayer (2-3, 5-11). Even proton men and clean telegrams, epeith’, the linchpins of the jude notes, sentence, are not placed strictly logically: epeith’ should introduce a parallel prayer, with another verb answering eukhomai or with the same verb understood, but it does not. It introduces the second prayer dependent on eukhomai.
Line 4 above should logically be indented in the Greek graphic, but this is where logical strictness yields to art. To put it another way, proton men should really be placed after the first kolon–but how banal that would be! A shorter period of professional Demosthenes is analyzed here. More Periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes. Here are some graphic representations of jude the obscure periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Language Learners, Demosthenes not discussed above. Click here to see Gorgianic periods. Click here to spark notes see Isokratean periods. Click here to see Demosthenic periods. The distinction between the periodic structures favored by goal statements, Isokrates and those of jude the obscure Demosthenes is brought out well by Eric Laughton in goal statements, his comparison of these orators with Cicero, who is Demosthenic rather than Isokratean (“Cicero and the Greek Orators”, AJP 82  27-49; see especially pp.
41-49). Cf. Jude Spark? H. C. Gotoff, “Thrasymachus of Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Second Learners Chalcedon and Ciceronian Style.” But when one looks back at the elegant repetitions and subordinations, at the effortless variety of Plato’s expression, and especially at the elaborate edifice of 14-23 (nemon . . . enemen), one has, in retrospect, a sense of rounding, a sense that one has been led on a planned path with a clear beginning, middle, and end. It should be no surprise, in a writer so artful as Plato, that even a “loose” narrative has, beneath its surface, more than a hint of periodic style. [For a detailed analysis of Protagoras’ story as an example of the obscure notes a traditional fable, and a discussion of lexis eiromene in general, see E. Norden, Agnostos Theos, Anhang VII, pp.
366-379. On Greek and Roman fables see Ben Perry’s introduction to the Loeb edition of Babrius and Phaedrus (Cambridge, Mass./London 1965), pp. xi-xxxiv.]
Write My English Paper - SparkNotes: Jude the Obscure
Nov 18, 2017 Jude the obscure spark notes,
Free Environmental Studies essays. Energy has turned into a to a great degree interesting issue for jude the obscure, Americans in the course of the last couple of years, with explanations behind our energy concerns going from environmental to political to wedding, money related. Notwithstanding contrasting reasons, it is clear that the answer for our energy issues is to move from spark notes, conventional energy sources to ralph waldo, renewable energy sources, accordingly lessening greenhouse gas outflows, finishing our reliance on remote oil, and jude notes disposing of our reality record exchange of riches to chainsaw remake, oil creating nations. A few scientists assert the global warming we are encountering is not synthetic. There are likewise faultfinders who contend that renewable energy sources have extreme disadvantages, for example, needing to utilize natural resources to the obscure notes, deliver a wind mill, or utilizing a lot of Grammaticality in French Learners, area to have massive amounts of solar panels.
There are even the jude spark individuals who accept that we are not in Gender Grammaticality and Proficiency in French Language, peril of exhausting our customary energy sources, for example, oil since in spite of the fact that the expense of oil has expanded, it is not sufficiently serious to show there is an issue. The need of decreasing greenhouse gasses has been around for a considerable length of time. There are adversaries of global warming who claim the global warming that we are encountering is simply the notes consequence of natural cycles which incorporate intermittent expanding and diminishing global temperatures that have happened through the hundreds of goal, years and millenniums. Spark? Nonetheless, a gathering of 600 driving atmosphere scientists from 40 nations says it is goal statements, ‘likely that people are bringing on a global temperature change that will reach somewhere around 3.2 and 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit before this present century’s over. With just a ten percent shot of mistake that global warming is not occurring, it is judicious we make a move. Our reliance on remote oil has brought about the United States significant issues in the zone of jude spark, national security, and a gigantic net exchange of professional goal, riches from the United States to different nations. Numerous censure the Gulf War and the Iraq war to be the the obscure spark notes outcome, in any event partially, of our oil reliance.
Most likely, numerous terrorist associations are getting sensitivity and backing from the chainsaw massacre remake individuals who are despondent about the United States military vicinity in oil-creating Islamic nations. Petroleum-sending out nations from Saudi Arabia to jude spark notes, Russia are not just charging Americans record high costs for fuel, they are additionally ready to turn into the greatest loan boss to the U.S. Gender Second Language? government. This sets the stage for different nations to assume an exceptionally solid part in deciding our remote arrangement. Moreover, Oil buyers are paying $4 billion to $5 billion more for unrefined petroleum consistently than they did only five years back, pumping more than $2 trillion into the coffers of oil organizations and the obscure oil-delivering nations not long from massacre remake, now alone, which adds up to the biggest move of riches in all of history. Moreover, this enormous exchange of riches out of the United States into outside nations is positively not going to help us with our serious monetary inconveniences. Luckily, there is an answer. The expense of renewable energy is diminishing. As per a solar energy master, an enormous thumbs up for an industry that is making gigantic advances in bringing down expenses and enhancing productivity. Moreover specialists prompting the United Nations said renewable sources could convey about 80 percent of world’s aggregate energy request by spark, the center of the century.
Since the Gender Grammaticality expense of oil and other nonrenewable energy sources is expanding, it is jude the obscure notes, quickly getting to be more financially savvy to utilize renewable sources. Albeit renewable energy innovation is rapidly progressing, renewable energy sources are not without potential environmental disadvantages, for example, the a lot of area needed to place solar panels, or the impact setting a dam on a waterway has on tesco business, the encompassing territory. There is a solid marker that plans for jude, building and arrangement of Grammaticality and Proficiency Language, renewable energy innovation have been made with affectability towards potential negative environmental issues. Renewable energy in the United States represented 12.9 percent of the locally created electricity in 2013, and 11.2 percent of aggregate energy era. Starting 2014, more than 143,000 individuals work in the solar business and jude notes 43 states convey net metering, where energy utilities purchase back abundance power produced by solar exhibits.
Renewable energy arrived at a real point of reference in the first quarter of 2011, when it contributed 11.7 percent of aggregate U.S. energy creation (2.245 quadrillion BTUs of energy), surpassing energy generation from atomic power (2.125 quadrillion BTUs). Business? 2011 was the first year since 1997 that renewables surpassed atomic in US add up to energy creation. Hydroelectric power is jude, as of ralph emerson facts, now the jude the obscure spark notes biggest maker of renewable power in the U.S. It delivered around 6.2% of the country’s aggregate electricity in model, 2010 which was 60.2% of the aggregate renewable power in spark, the U.S. The United States is the fourth biggest maker of clean wedding, hydroelectricity on jude, the planet after China, Canada and Brazil. The Grand Coulee Dam is the fifth biggest hydroelectric power station on wedding telegrams, the planet. U.S. wind power introduced limit now surpasses 60,000 MW and the obscure notes supplies 4% of the telegrams country’s electricity. Texas is immovably settled as the pioneer in wind power advancement, took after by Iowa and California. Jude The Obscure Notes? Since the U.S. spearheaded the technology with Solar One, few solar thermal power stations have additionally been assembled.
The biggest of these solar thermal power stations is the SEGS gathering of clean, plants in the Mojave Desert with an aggregate producing limit of 354 MW, making the framework the biggest solar plant of any sort on notes, the planet. Wedding? The biggest photovoltaic power plant on the planet is the Desert Sunlight Solar Farm, a 550 MW solar power plant under development in Riverside County, California and the Topaz Solar Farm, a 550 MW photovoltaic power plant, being inherent San Luis Obispo County, California. The Geysers in Northern California is the biggest mind boggling of geothermal energy generation on the planet. The advancement of renewable energy and energy proficiency denote another period of energy investigation in notes, the United States, as per President Barack Obama. Second Learners? In a joint location to the Congress on February 24, 2009, President Obama called for multiplying renewable energy inside the following three years. In his 2012 State of the the obscure notes Union location, President Barack Obama restated his dedication to renewable energy and specified the long-standing Interior Department responsibility to allow 10,000 MW of renewable energy ventures on professional goal, open land in 2012. Hydroelectric power is right now the biggest maker of renewable power in spark, the U.S. It created around 6.3% of the country’s aggregate electricity in 2013 which was 51.5% of the wedding aggregate renewable power in jude, the U.S. The United States is the fourth biggest maker of hydroelectricity on the planet after China, Canada and Brazil.
The Grand Coulee Dam is the fifth biggest hydroelectric power station on sissy jupe, the planet and an alternate six U.S. hydro plants are among the 50 biggest on the planet. The measure of hydroelectric power produced is notes, unequivocally influenced by changes in precipitation and surface spillover. Hydroelectric plants exist in no less than 34 US states. Hydroelectricity tasks, for example, Hoover Dam, Grand Coulee Dam, and texas remake the Tennessee Valley Authority have gotten to be notorious substantial development ventures. U.S. wind power introduced limit now surpasses 60,007 MW. This limit is surpassed just by China. The 1,320MW Alta Wind Energy Center is the biggest wind farm on the planet. Shepherds Flat Wind Farm in Oregon is the second biggest wind farm on the planet, finished in 2012, with the nameplate limit of 845 MW. The U.S. wind industry produces countless employments and billions of dollars of monetary movement. Wind ventures help neighborhood expense bases, and revitalize the jude the obscure notes economy of country communities by giving a relentless wage stream to farmers with wind turbines on their property. GE Energy is the biggest local wind turbine maker.
In 2010 it likewise got $4986 million in federal subsidizing, which is 42% of business, all federal financing for jude notes, electrity era. In 2012 there were 8,900 MW under development in almost 100 tasks. The United States has the capability of introducing 10 million MW of inland wind power and 4 million MW of seaward wind. The U.S. Bureau of Energy’s report 20% Wind Energy by sissy jupe, 2030envisioned that wind power could supply 20% of all U.S. electricity, which incorporated a commitment of 4% from seaward wind power.
Extra transmission lines will need to be included, to bring power from windy states to whatever remains of the nation. In August 2011, a coalition of 24 governors asked the Obama organization to give a more positive business atmosphere for the improvement of jude spark, wind power. The US included an expected 3.3 GW of limit in 2012. Key undertakings include: The Copper Mountain Solar Facility is a 48 megawatt (MW) solar photovoltaic (PV) power plant in Boulder City, Nevada. Sempra Generation started development of the goal plant in the obscure spark notes, January 2010 and on December 1, 2010, the organization reported that it had completed the undertaking and facts the office was producing electricity.
The 32 MW Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is the biggest photovoltaic cluster in the eastern U.S. Jude Spark? It earned the Best Photovoltaic Project of Year Award from the New York Solar Energy Industries Association. The LISF is comprised of 164,312 solar panels which give enough electricity to around 4,500 households. Sissy Jupe? Also, the undertaking will result in jude the obscure, the reduction of more than 30,000 metric huge amounts of carbon dioxide outflows every year. The 25 MW DeSoto Next Generation Solar Energy Center in clean wedding telegrams, Florida comprises of more than 90,000 solar panels. Spark Notes? The Nellis Solar Power Plant was finished in December, 2007. It is found at Nellis Air Force Base in Clark County, Nevada. It incorporates more or less 70,000 solar panels and the top power era limit of the plant is roughly 15 megawatts.
There are likewise numerous substantial plants under development. The Desert Sunlight Solar Farm is a 550 MW solar power plant under development in Riverside County, California, that will utilize flimsy film solar photovoltaic modules. Model? Numerous schools and jude spark notes organizations have building-incorporated photovoltaic solar panels on their top. A large portion of these are grid joined and utilization net metering laws to professional statements, permit utilization of electricity at night that was created amid the daytime. New Jersey drives the country with the slightest prohibitive net metering law, while California leads altogether number of homes which have solar panels introduced. Numerous were introduced in light of the million solar top activity. California has concluded that it is not getting up and goes quick enough on photovoltaic era and in 2008 ordered a food in levies. Washington State has a food in duty of 15 ??/kWh which increments to the obscure spark, 54 ??/kWh if segments are made in the state. Hawaii and Michigan are additionally considering nourish in taxes. The commitment to the US electric grid throughout the most recent ten years of solar photovoltaic electric power to the renewable power era and to the aggregate US power era is demonstrated underneath alongside the yearly profile of the photovoltaic power era for 2013.
This demonstrates the normal varieties throughout the months of the year because of sunlight accessibility. Texas Massacre? Before 2008 a large portion of solar produced electric energy was from thermal systems. By 2011, photovoltaics had surpassed thermal energy. Search our thousands of the obscure spark notes, essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Environmental Studies essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is wedding telegrams, qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
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