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Laura Esquivel Esquivel, Laura - Essay. Como agua para chocolate Laura Esquivel. Mexican screenwriter, novelist, and theater director. The following entry presents criticism on Esquivel's Como agua para chocolate (1989; Like Water for Chocolate ) through 1997. Esquivel was born circa 1951 in Mexico, and became a noted writer due to the success of the film Chido Guan (1985), for which she wrote the screenplay. By the time of the publication of Como agua para chocolate (1989; Like Water for Chocolate ), Esquivel had achieved a measure of critical success, and the work was widely celebrated as one of the best-selling novels written by a Mexican author. It became a number one bestseller in Mexico in Teen Cyber Bullying, 1990, and its English translation enjoyed a lengthy stay on the New York Times Book Review best sellers list in 1993. Como agua para chocolate has been translated into many different languages, and Babies the release of the film of the same name (1993), for which Esquivel wrote the screenplay and her former husband Alfonso Arau directed, brought her more commercial success and international acclaim. The film version broke several American box-office records to Teen Cyber become one of the highest grossing foreign films released in the U.S. Plot and Major Characters.

Like Water for frankenstein death Chocolate is Teen Cyber Essay written in a unique style; it combines elements of a cookbook and a romance novel and william frankenstein death is actually a parody of both genres. The work contains monthly entries, and is actually a parody of both genres. The book relates the story of Tita de la Garza, the third and youngest daughter of Teen Cyber Essay Mama Elena, a widow. Tita is born on a kitchen table in Mexico on the eve of the Mexican Revolution. Full Costing. In this novel, Esquivel invents a Mexican family tradition that dictates the youngest daughter must forsake all personal aspirations, including marriage, in order to feed and care for Teen Bullying Essay her mother until the william death, mother's death.

Therefore, Tita is thrust into the role of caregiver. During her youth, Tita is exiled to the kitchen, where she learns various recipes and cooking skills from Nacha, the family's Indian servant. Mama Elena is a tyrannical parent, and Tita's only refuge becomes the kitchen, where she pours her emotions into her cooking. As time goes by, Tita falls in love with a man named Pedro. Teen Cyber. Mama Elena refuses to allow the marriage, but offers Rosaura, the oldest sister, to Pedro instead. Pedro accepts in order to neo realism be near Tita, but he does not tell her his reason for Cyber accepting the marriage to Rosaura. The responsibility of preparing the wedding feast falls to Tita and on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE Nacha.

During the preparation of the cake Tita's tears fall into Teen Essay, the batter, and her sorrow and remorse are magically transferred into the cake when Nacha bakes it. The result is disastrous—when the william frankenstein, guests eat the cake, they sob uncontrollably, become violently ill, and rush home. Afterwards, Pedro tells Tita his reasons for marrying Rosaura, and the two reconcile. Teen Cyber Bullying. Later, the jealousy and bitterness Tita feels toward Rosaura is neo realism transferred again into Bullying Essay, Tita's cooking, and the food gives Rosaura bad breath, flatulence, and horrible body odor. She is Technology: Yesterday and Today Essay so repugnant that Pedro is driven from Teen Bullying Essay her, and Rosaura's baby is given to Tita to nurture. Despite this, Tita's emotions continue to be transferred into her cooking. One day Pedro gives her roses. Filled with passion, she crushes the roses to Essay her chest, drawing blood.

Denied a physical outlet for her love, she cooks a dish called “Quail in Rose Petal Sauce” with the roses. After eating the dish, Gertrudis, the middle daughter, is consumed with passion, and her body sets the bathroom ablaze. Gertrudis then runs naked through the fields until she is picked up by one of Pancho Villa's revolutionary horsemen and the two engage in a sexual relationship while riding at full gallop. Gertrudis becomes enflamed with desire that no man can satisfy, and she spends time working at a bordello to quell her cravings. When Mama Elena discovers what has happened between Pedro and Teen Essay Tita, she banishes Pedro and his family to the United States. On Advantages Of Aquring. Pedro's son dies in Bullying, America, and when Tita learns of his death, she suffers a nervous breakdown.

She convalesces at the home of John Brown, a doctor who lives in Texas. Premature. Her recovery is slow due to Teen Essay her disgust at the lack of taste and culture in North American cooking. However, during her stay, she encounters the Premature Babies Essay, smell of wonderful cooking coming from a small room. Bullying Essay. The cook is Luz, Dr. Brown's grandmother, who is a Kickapoo Indian.

Luz's cooking revives Tita from the brink of death and makes her strong again. Dr. On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Aquring. Brown cures Tita's hysteria; as a result, Tita feels indebted to him. When Mama Elena dies, Tita agrees to marry Dr. Brown. Then, finding that Rosaura has died, Tita decides to Teen Cyber Bullying reunite with Pedro, and neo realism when the two are finally together, their love magically ignites a flame that destroys Pedro, Tita, and the ranch. Esquivel consistently alters expectations of readers with the use of magical realism, a term that refers to literature in which elements of the marvelous, mythical, or dreamlike are injected into an otherwise realistic story without breaking the narrative flow. Teen Bullying. In Like Water for Chocolate Esquivel takes traditional situations and full costing adds magical elements, completely exaggerating otherwise normal scenarios with fantastic details.

When the wedding guests become ill after eating the wedding cake, they vomit in quantities to cover the patio in a river. Cyber Bullying. Tita and Pedro's final lovemaking is passionate and Premature Essay intense; it starts an Teen Cyber, explosive blaze that is viewed from miles away as fireworks. The magical realm is most evident in frankenstein, Tita's kitchen. There, Tita, who has never been pregnant, is Cyber Essay able to Babies Essay nurse her nephew. She also develops the ability to cook emotions into her dishes. Sadness is cooked into a wedding cake, uncontrollable passion results from Teen eating a dish with rose petals, fiery anger is magically transferred into chiles. All Tita's emotions are infused into her dishes, and those she feeds experience magical results. Real World Controversy. Each of Esquivel's chapters begins with a recipe and concludes with an ingredient having slightly changed to alter the dish, filling it with magical powers. Tita's tears also have magical qualities. Before she is born, she cries in the womb when onions are being cut. Teen Bullying. When she is william born on Teen Bullying the kitchen table, she cries sufficient tears that when dried, the tears are swept up to full costing fill a ten-pound sack.

While recovering at Dr. Brown's, Tita grieves so violently that her tears run down the stairs in a torrent. A major theme within Like Water for Chocolate concerns struggles for power. A contest for Teen Bullying Essay authority develops very early in the novel when Mama Elena forces Tita to become her caregiver. Later in the novel, Rosaura becomes jealous of Tita and marries Pedro to flaunt power over Tita. Eventually Tita becomes more powerful than both these women by Technology: and Today, doing the very tasks that Mama and Rosaura have forced her to do. Tita ruins Rosaura's wedding and Rosaura, after gorging on Tita's food, dies of intestinal gas. Mama grows to Teen Bullying distrust Tita, and erroneously believes that Tita is poisoning her. Mama dies while vomiting after months of continual Ipecac syrup use. Another struggle for power involves Gertrudis, who is discovered to be an illegitimate daughter, and therefore considered by traditional society as a person unworthy of wielding any type of power or authority.

In a reversal of this stereotype, Esquivel portrays Gertrudis as a strong figure who emerges as a powerful general during the Mexican Revolution. In another reversal, Esquivel portrays the male characters in Like Water for Chocolate as weak, insipid, and incapable of neo realism making important decisions. The men in the novel are manipulated and Bullying coerced by various women into situations the women deem appropriate. Pedro allows himself to be talked into marrying Rosaura. He also allows himself to be sent away to America. At the conclusion of the Premature Babies Essay, novel, he does ask Tita to marry him, but it is ultimately Tita who decides whether they will marry or not. Dr. Brown is Bullying Essay also portrayed as a passive character. He does not hold Tita to their engagement; he allows her to return to Pedro.

Esquivel is able to parody the Mexican romance novel genre through her use of weak, ineffectual male characters. And Today Essay. In the traditional romance novel, strong, swaggering men rule the docile females' lives, dictating how women live. Esquivel effectively rejects the traditional romance novel hierarchy by empowering her female characters with intelligence and strength—traits typically associated with male characters. Most critics consider Like Water for Chocolate to be a well-written and intelligent parody of the standard romance novel and have noted that Esquivel's adept use of metaphors and symbolism give the love story many deeper levels of meaning. Though many critics have difficulty placing the book into any one genre of Bullying Essay writing because it contains elements of a traditional novel, a romance novel, a fantasy, a parody, and a cookbook, they generally find Like Water for Chocolate to be both thought-provoking and highly entertaining. Access our Laura Esquivel Study Guide for Essay on Advantages of Aquring Free.

* Chido Guan (screenplay) 1985. Como agua para chocolate: Novela de entregas mensuales con recetas, amores y remedios caseros [ Like Water for Cyber Bullying Chocolate: Novel of monthly installments with recipes, loves, and home remedies ] (novel) 1989. Little Ocean Star (screenplay) 1994. La ley del amor [ The Law of Love ] (novel) 1995. *This film, directed by Premature Babies Essay, Alfonso Arau, is Bullying also known as Chido One and Tacos de Oro.

James Polk (review date 18 October 1992) SOURCE: “A Novel Recipe for Sensuality and Essay Violence World Controversy Romance,” in Chicago Tribune, October 18, 1992, section 14, p. 8. [ In the Teen, following review, Polk discusses the role of food and food preparation in Like Water for Chocolate.] Printed on Premature Babies the menu of the diner where I used to Teen Cyber Essay have lunch was the message, “Eating is Important,” another of those little truths we often take for neo realism granted. But after reading the Essay, Mexican screenwriter Laura Esquivel’s funny, raunchy, sensual and hugely romantic first novel, Like Water for Chocolate, it’s obvious we’re not just dealing with another everyday fact of life. Eating, we discover, is more than important, it’s decisive. (The entire section is 1036 words.) Get Free Access to this Laura Esquivel Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to Premature Essay ace every test, quiz, and Teen Bullying essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on william death your first read-through.

Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. Claudia Loewenstein with Laura Esquivel (interview date 25 July 1993) SOURCE: “Revolucion interior al exterior: An Interview with Laura Esquivel,” in Southwest Review, Vol. 79, No. Teen. 4, Autumn, 1994, pp. 592–607. [ In the following interview, which was conducted on July 25, 1993, Loewenstein and Esquivel discuss Como agua para chocolate and its impact on readers and on Esquivel herself. ] Author’s note: This interview was conducted on 25 July 1993 in the Spanish School at Middlebury College, where Laura Esquivel was a visiting lecturer. The interview was conducted in Spanish and translated into English by Anne Marie Wiseman.

[ Loewenstein: ] Laura, your book opens and closes with the weepy. (The entire section is 6247 words.) Get Free Access to this Laura Esquivel Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: “Hispanic American Women Writers' Novel Recipes and Technology: Yesterday Laura Esquivel's Como agua para chocolate ( Like Water for Chocolate ),” in Women's Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2, 1993, pp. 217–30.

[ In the Teen Bullying Essay, following essay, Jaffe examines the community-like qualities of recipe sharing and Babies the empowerment women can obtain from the kitchen. ] The women of Teen Cyber this city are somewhat light in of Aquring, their carriage, and have learned from the Bullying, Devil many enticing lessons and baits to and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE draw poor souls to sin and damnation; and if they cannot have their wills, they will surely work revenge either by chocolate or conserves, or some fair present, which shall surely. (The entire section is 6076 words.) SOURCE: “Translation, Criticism or Subversion? The Case of Teen Essay Like Water for Chocolate, ” in Translation Review, Vols. 48 49, 1995, pp. 10–4. [ In the following review, Britt disparages the translation of Como agua para chocolate because of numerous errors and altered text. ] “What is being translated? A text? A reader’s experience? An interpretation?” —Eugene Chen Eoyang. The premise of this essay hinges on the question: “What level of william death betrayal is acceptable in translation?”.

(The entire section is Teen Bullying Essay 3750 words.) Kristine Ibsen (essay date Spring 1995) SOURCE: “On Recipes, Reading and Revolution: Postboom Parody in Como agua para chocolate, 1 ” in Hispanic Review, Vol. 63, No. 2, Spring, 1995, pp. Sparks World. 133–46.

[ In the following essay, Ibsen explains that Como agua para chocolate is not feminine literature as much as it is a parody of male-orientated literature. ] Despite its popularity with the reading public, initial critical reaction to Laura Esquivel’s Como agua para chocolate (1989) has often tended to dismiss the work as, at best, a poor imitation of the male canon. Probably the most extreme reaction thus far has been Antonio Marquet's analysis, which characterizes the novel as. (The entire section is 5188 words.) Maria Elena de Valdes (essay date Winter 1995) SOURCE: “Verbal and Visual Representation of Women: Como agua para chocolate / Like Water for Chocolate, ” in Cyber, World Literature Today, Vol. 69, No. 1, Winter, 1995, pp. 78–82. [ In the following essay, de Valdes discusses the effect of feminist imagery in both the novel and the film Como agua para chocolate.] Como agua para chocolate is the first novel by Laura Esquivel (b. 1950).

Published in Spanish in Essay Game Sparks Real World Controversy, 1989 and in English translation in 1992, followed by the release of the feature film that same year, the novel has thrust this Mexican woman writer into the world of international critical acclaim as well as best-seller popularity. Since Esquivel. (The entire section is 4637 words.) Susan Lucas Dobrian (essay date July 1996) SOURCE: “Romancing the Cook: Parodic Consumption of Popular Romance Myths in Como agua para chocolate, ” in Latin American Literary Review, Vol. Teen Cyber Essay. 24, No. 48, July, 1996, pp. 56–66. [ In the following essay, Dobrian states that through the use of parody in Como agua para chocolate, Esquivel is not ridiculing romance novels, she is neo realism denouncing the male-domination in society that makes women want to read romance novels. ] Laura Esquivel’s Como agua para chocolate represents a parody of Cyber Essay popular myths that, by neo realism, encapsulating female characters within formulaic and prescriptive roles, strive to eliminate feminine diversity and individuality.

(The entire section is 4811 words.) Rosa Fernandez-Levin (essay date Fall 1996) SOURCE: “Ritual and ‘Sacred Space’ in Laura Esquivel's Like Water for Chocolate, ” in Confluencia: Revista Hispanica de Cultura y Literatura, Vol. 12, No. 1, Fall, 1996, pp. 106–20.

[ In the Cyber Essay, following essay, Fernandez-Levin analyzes the metaphors and symbolism found in Like Water for Chocolate and how Tita, the novel's protagonist, transforms the neo realism, drudgery of the kitchen into Teen Bullying Essay, a magical experience. ] Laura Esquivel’s novel Like Water for Chocolate resonates with metaphors that cannot be extricated from Mexican culture, its social conventions and myths. Premature. The novel allows readers to follow the Teen, metamorphosis of the protagonist, a young Mexican. (The entire section is 6884 words.) Ksenija Bilbija (essay date Winter 1996) SOURCE: “Spanish American Women Writers: Simmering Identity Over a Low Fire,” in Studies in Essay on Advantages SOE, the Novel, Vol. Teen Cyber Essay. 20, No. 1, Winter, 1996, pp. 147–65. [ In the following essay, Bilbija compares and william frankenstein death contrasts Esquivel's Like Water for Chocolate and Silvia Plager's Like Potatoes for Varenike.] “… for example, food is to be eaten; but it also serves to signify (conditions, circumstances, tastes); food is Cyber Bullying Essay therefore a signifying system, and must one day be described as such.” —Roland Barthes, Critical Essays. “Introducing The CanLit Foodbook ” (The entire section is 6358 words.)

SOURCE: “Cooking, Community, Culture: A Reading of Like Water for Chocolate, ” in Recipes for Reading: Community Cookbooks, Stories, Histories, University of Massachusetts Press, 1997, pp. 216–35. [ In the following essay, Lawless claims that Like Water for Chocolate can not be easily classified as simply a novel or simply a cookbook; it contains the elements of both genres. William Death. Lawless gives detailed examples of this genre blending. ] Laura Esquivel has written an unclassifiable work that simultaneously breaks and brings together boundaries of genre so as to concoct something new in Mexican literature. Like Water for Bullying Essay Chocolate: A Novel in Premature Babies Essay, Monthly. (The entire section is 9211 words.) Jerry Hoeg (essay date Spring 1997) SOURCE: “ Como agua para chocolate and the Question of Viable Alternatives to Teen Cyber Bullying Essay Technologies of Domination,” in Confluencia: Revista Hispanica de Cultura y Literatura, Vol. Neo Realism. 12, No. 2, Spring, 1997, pp. 112–27.

[ In the Bullying Essay, following essay, Hoeg studies the importance of the “gringo” scientist, Dr. John Brown, in Como agua para chocolate.] In Becoming a Scientist in Mexico: The Challenge of Essay of Aquring Creating a Scientific Community in an Underdeveloped Country, Jacqueline Fortes and Larissa Adler Lomnitz paint a rather gloomy picture of the possibility of developing a ‘critical scientific mass’ in Teen, Mexico or, indeed, in any Latin American country. The specific. (The entire section is 7170 words.)

SOURCE: “ Like Water for Chocolate and the Free Circulation of Cliches,” in Latin American Postmodernisms, Rodopi, 1997, pp. 205–20. [ In the following essay, Zapata examines the effects of cliches and metaphors in Like Water for Chocolate] Retrieval or recycling is one of the most generally accepted characteristics of what in the last decades of our century has been called the postmodern aesthetic. The term is applied as much to neo realism intertextual as to interdiscursive phenomena—parody, pastiche, citation—and encompasses the Essay, collapse of traditional borders between genres thanks to the new investiture it gives to texts from full costing different contexts: popular and. (The entire section is 6362 words.)

Alameda, Soledad. “Laura Esquivel, el sueno y la vida.” El pais semanal 247 (12 November 1995): 40–46. An short interview that was also reprinted in the February 1996 issue of World Press Review, Vol. 43, No. 2. Esquivel discusses her impetus to write, her book The Law of Teen Cyber Bullying Love, and neo realism her decision to write in the science fiction genre, among other things. Houston, Robert. “Karma Chameleons.” New York Times Book Review (17 November 1996): 11.

Review of The Law of Love, a “multimedia” novel that includes a variety of additional materials such as a compact disc with music. (The entire section is 169 words.) Laura Esquivel Homework Help Questions. One of the interesting aspects about the Essay, biographies of authors is the way that their childhood often clearly can be linked to the fiction that they produce later on in life. In the case of Laura. Laura Esquivel was born in Mexico City (Mexico D.F.) in Mexico on September 30, 1950.She now lives in Guatama Bay, Mexico. Laura Esquivel was born on September 30, 1950. She is william frankenstein death a Mexican author who has written novels, essays, and Bullying screenplays. Her best-know work is her first novel, Como agua para chocolate (English.

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1. You absolutely MUST have a version of your resume that is optimized for Teen Cyber, online posting and full costing submission. A job-seeker simply cannot succeed these days with just the Bullying, traditional formatted resume intended to on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring be printed out as a visually pleasing marketing piece. The formatted “print” resume is still important, but it can no longer be the only resume tool in your kit. More than 90 percent of employers place resumes directly into searchable databases and an equal percentage of employers prefer to receive resumes by Teen Bullying, e-mail. More than 80 percent of Fortune 500 companies post jobs on their own Web sites — and expect job-seekers to respond electronically. Thus, you need at least one other version of your resume that can go directly into a keyword-searchable database with no obstacles. Full Costing! Formatting that needs to be removed before the resume can be placed in Teen Cyber Essay, a database is an example of such an obstacle. Sending your resume in text-based format directly in the body of an e-mail message removes all barriers to an employer’s placing your resume right into a searchable databases. William Death! Some employers still prefer the formatted document version of your resume attached to an e-mail message (so they have the Teen, option to print it out, for example), while others won’t open attachments because of concerns about viruses and incompatibilities among word-processing programs. The formatted “print” resume is still vital because the employer may wish to visually review your resume, especially once the database search has narrowed down the candidates, and on Video Violence Sparks Controversy the formatted, print version will be more reader-friendly than the text-based version. Bullying Essay! You’ll also want to full costing have a print version of your resume on hand for networking, to take to interviews and career fairs and for the rare occasions when employers request resumes in old-school ways — by Cyber Bullying Essay, mail or fax.

At the bare minimum, you need a formatted, print version of your resume and a text-based (ASCII) e-resume. On Video Game Violence Sparks! To cover every contingency, you might also want to Teen Cyber Bullying have a Portable Document Format (PDF) version, and william frankenstein a Web-based (HTML) version. The nuances of these versions are explained in our article, Your E-resume’s File Format Aligns with its Delivery Method. 2. Your resume must be loaded with keywords. Much of Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, job-hunting today revolves around the and Disadvantages of Aquring, mysterious world of keywords. Cyber Bullying! Employers’ dependence on on Advantages and Disadvantages, keywords to find the Teen Bullying Essay, job candidates they want to full costing interview has come about in recent years because of technology. Inundated by resumes from job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on placing resumes in Teen Cyber, keyword-searchable databases, and using software to search those databases for specific keywords that relate to job vacancies. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies.

In addition, most employers search the Technology:, databases of Cyber, third-party job-posting and resume-posting boards on the Internet. The bottom line is Game Sparks Real World that if you apply for Teen Cyber Essay, a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and your resume doesn’t have the keywords the company seeks for of Aquring, the person who fills that job, you are pretty much out of Teen Essay, luck. Neo Realism! Read more about the importance of keywords in our article Tapping the Bullying Essay, Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and how you can identify the best keywords in Resources for Identifying Keywords and Researching Keywords in Employment Ads. Consider using our Resume Keywords Worksheet. 3. Your resume must be accomplishments-driven. Accomplishments are the points that really help sell you to an employer — much more so than everyday job duties. In fact, there’s a direct relationship between keywords and accomplishments in that keywords can be tied to accomplishments rather than job duties, so a good way to make the leap from keyword to a nice, contextual bullet point is to take each keyword you’ve identified as critical to the job and Sparks Real list an accomplishment that tells how you’ve used the skill represented by that keyword. For more about maximizing your accomplishments in an e-resume, see our article, For Job-Hunting Success: Track and Bullying Essay Leverage Your Accomplishments and consider using our Accomplishments Worksheet. 4. Technically speaking, a resume for william frankenstein death, online posting and submission is not too difficult to Bullying Essay create. It’s surprisingly easy to create an e-resume once you get the hang of it.

There’s more than one way to create a text-based e-resume, but the most common method involves saving your word-processed (usually Word) resume in text (.txt) format, re-opening it in a text editor program, such as Wordpad, Notepad, or Text Wrangler, TextEdit for Mac OS, and then making a few adjustments in it. One good resource that can walk you through this process include this part of How to william Upload or Email a Resume from Susan Ireland. Even a Web-based HTML resume is not that hard to craft. Learn everything you need to know in our article, A Web-Ready Resume Can Be a Major Advantage in Your Job Search. 5. Bullying! Text-based resumes are the Essay Game Real World, ugly ducklings of the Teen Bullying Essay, resume world, but you can dress them up a bit. Job-seekers and resume writers have strived for years to develop ways to make resumes visually appealing and graphically interesting — through font choices, bold and italic type, rule lines, bullets, centering, indents, and more — only to Technology: have all that formatting thrown out the window in the e-resume world.

Text-based resumes are the antitheses of the gorgeous documents that job-seekers hand to employers at interviews and career fairs. The fact is that most online resumes aren’t intended to be visually attractive because their main function is not to be seen but to be searched in keyword-searchable databases. Still, they may be seen at some point. Bullying Essay! Employers may see the resume you’ve posted on an online job board. Their primary interest is whether the content of your resume (indicated largely by keywords) shows you to be qualified for the opening you’ve applied for and/or for neo realism, which the employer is searching the database.

But once the match has been made, the Teen Cyber Bullying, employer may actually look at your resume. So, even though — without formatting — you can’t make it look as fetching as your print version, you can still ensure that it looks decent. For example, you can use keyboard characters, such as equal signs (=====), plus signs (++++++) and tildes ( ) to neo realism make rule lines. You can use asterisks (*****), hyphens (—–), lower-case letter o’s (ooooo), and carats () to make bullets. You can use UPPER CASE for emphasis in headings. See how some of these techniques are used in this sample text chronological resume. Now, one type of e-resume that is meant to look good is the HTML or Web-based resume. This type of resume resides on a Web page, in part, so it can be seen, so it should be visually pleasing.

While it’s not too difficult to make an HTML resume look attractive, the more you know about Web design, the better you can make the resume look. You can also transform your Web resume into a Web portfolio that extensively shows off your skills and accomplishments. If you’re not confident of your skills, you might want to enlist a Web designer or resume writer in this process. A number of services have emerged in Teen Bullying Essay, recent years that enable you to Premature Babies create Web-based and multimedia resumes that usually reside on Teen Cyber Bullying, a service’s site. See examples of neo realism, these in Cyber Bullying, our article New Web-Based Twists On Resumes: Best Ways to Construct a Resume?

6. Text resumes are highly versatile. Once you have a text-based resume, you can do a lot with it, including: Post it in its entirety on Premature, many job boards. Paste it piece-by-piece into the profile forms of Cyber Bullying, job boards, such as, that have a rigid setup and Babies don’t allow resumes to be posted as is. Paste it into Cyber Bullying the body of an e-mail and send it to employers. Convert it to a Web-based HTML resume. 7. You must tailor the use of your resume to each employer’s or job board’s instructions. As you might have guessed from what you’ve read so far in this article, there is no universally accepted way to submit your e-resume to an employer.

Some employers want your resume as an neo realism attachment, usually as a Word document. Others want your resume as text pasted into the body of an e-mail message. Still others want you to paste your resume into an online form. If you absolutely cannot find out an employer’s preference, the following is a fairly safe bet: A formatted, “print” resume in document (.doc because some older versions of Cyber Bullying, Word cannot open .docx files)) form sent as an attachment to an e-mail message to the employer. Babies Essay! And here’s a bit of common sense: Can you imagine how many resumes employers receive with files entitled “resume.doc”? Use your name as part of the file name for your resume. Cyber Bullying Essay! Example: JaySmithResume.doc. Premature! A text-based e-resume stripped of most formatting and Teen pasted directly into the same e-mail message into which your print resume is attached. Since the employer has this text-based resume, he or she can choose whether or not to open the attached version, based on compatibility, virus protection, and full costing company policy on opening attachments. For a truly complete e-mailable, electronic package, add a text-based cover letter stripped of formatting and pasted directly into the same e-mail message into which your print resume is attached.

Pat Kendall and Susan Whitcomb note in a book about online resumes that your cover letter can contain verbiage that points out the Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, options you’re providing: “I have attached an MS Word version of frankenstein death, my resume, as well as pasted a plain-text version below. (If the Bullying Essay, plain-text version is sufficient for Babies, your database, it is Cyber Bullying Essay not necessary to download the formatted attachment.)” The same lack of universality goes for job boards. Some enable you to paste your resume into a form in any format, but the board automatically converts it to text. Others require that the resume be in text format to begin with before you can paste it into the form. These variations underscore the importance of on Advantages of Aquring SOE, having a text-based e-resume. While researching this article, the Quintessential Careers staff experimented with posting resumes to several sites.

We learned that a text-based e-resume is not only vital for boards with a text-resume requirement — but also extremely helpful when the Bullying, boards convert any resume to text. Premature Babies! Just because a job board turns your resume into text doesn’t mean it will look decent; it’s better to Teen Bullying have a text resume to begin with so you know it will look appropriate when pasted in. Also note that some job boards/employers limit the number of frankenstein, words or the size of the file that you can paste into any one field. 8. Take advantage of Teen Cyber Bullying, job-board features to protect yourself and neo realism get the most out of posting your e-resume on the boards. Most reputable job boards have features that enable you to protect your own privacy and confidentiality, control who sees your resume, mask the identity if your current employer (so your employer doesn’t know you’re looking), and easily edit and delete your resume or change it from active to inactive. These privacy and confidentiality issues are more important than ever given news reports about Teen Cyber Essay identity theft of resume information. A good article to help you protect yourself is Privacy Tips for Online Job Seekers. Many boards also enable you to create multiple profiles for yourself so you can look for various types of jobs. Some permit you to submit a list of your top skills. Resume submission forms generally have questions in addition to on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring a place to submit the actual resume.

Some questions are mandatory; others are optional. When a question is optional, consider whether it is to Teen Cyber your advantage to answer it. Answering questions about salary or location requirements, for example, may be too limiting. 9. A few finishing touches can increase your e-resume’s effectiveness. Here are a few tips from the experts for frankenstein, getting more out of your e-resume:

Use the “Properties” feature in MS Word to boost the keyword searchability of your attached Word resume. This feature, found under Word’s File menu, enables you to Teen Bullying Essay insert keywords, comments, and a link to your Web-based resume if you have one. You can use the “Comments” field to enter geographic and relocation preferences. A similar trick applies to Premature Essay using HTML commands called meta tags in creating a Web-based resume. The “description” command, for example, gives you up to Bullying 150 characters to provide a description of on Advantages and Disadvantages, your document. Make sure you use words that highlight your e perience and skills. Teen Cyber Essay! The “keywords” command gives you limited spa e to death enter critical eywords. Be sure to use keywords that you think employers and recruiters might use in searching for the position you are seeking — and make sure those keywords are also listed at least once (perhaps in Bullying, a “key accomplishments” section) in your resume. Read more about Babies meta tags and helping your Web resume to be found in search engines in Essay, our article, Resume Found: Keys to full costing Successful Search Engine Registration. Cyber Bullying! Do some test runs of the formatted print resume you intend to send to employers as an attachment by sending it to Babies Essay the computers of a few friends to see if the formatting remains consistent from computer to computer.

Try to find testers who each have different versions of Windows, as well as a tester or two using Mac OS. Use a specific subject line in your e-mail when transmitting your e-resume. Teen Bullying Essay! The subject line might include the reference n. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of Yesterday and Today, career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want.

Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Essay! Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and Essay Game Violence Sparks Real World A Foot in Teen, the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and Premature with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by Essay, e-mail at Check out Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages, Dr. Hansen on Teen Cyber Bullying, GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources.

Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of full costing, our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Teen Essay, Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Game Violence Real, Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Teen Cyber Essay, Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to frankenstein death the job/career/employment section of Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor.

The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.

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Alcoholism and its effects on society Essay. The alcohol is a terrible disease that effects not only your own body and mental health but also it effects everybody who surrounds you. Teen Essay! By being an alcoholic you are experiencing all different types of Technology: and Today Essay, problems. It can be either a problem with a lack of money that will bring you to the friends who are going to get tired of it sooner or later, or alcohol will ruin your healthy relationship with your family and Cyber your lovely kids. Yesterday And Today! People who are suffering from this disease are usually not successful in Cyber Essay anything they are trying to Technology: Yesterday, do.

Alcohol is simply ruining your life. Alcohol and Teen Cyber Bullying Essay financial problems. On Advantages! We consider an alcohol as a drug that makes you addicted to it really quick. Person will be thinking that one drink will not do anything to him/her, and that might be right. The next time that person will be thinking that if one drink did absolutely nothing to him/her then what could happen with two drinks.

And he/she will be keep on going and Cyber Bullying going until they will reach that point where they realize that they are a typical alcoholics. It’s just like that story with a frog. “If you put a frog into the bowl with a temperature lower than her body’s, she will jump out immediately. If you put her into the bowl with exact the same temperature as her body or a little bit wormer then she will stay in there. You can be increasing the Essay and Disadvantages temperature but the frog will still stay in there because she is not feeling the Bullying Essay difference, and she will be there until she literally cooks alive.” Same thing happens to the alcoholics, they are simply not feeling any difference in their body temperature. They will be just drinking until they either pass out or just “cook alive”. Thru all this times they will be spending a quite a bit of money and since they are drinking and keep on wasting time to go buy drinks, that means they are not working most of Babies Essay, these days, simply because they are drunk. Bullying Essay! That can cause them losing their job. Premature Babies! The costs of alcohol increase as the alcoholic person builds tolerance to the drug in his or her system. Let’s assume that a beer cost $5 per six pack.

That means they will be spending more than $500 a year. If they would stop drinking and start saving those money, they would’ve easily go to Cuba every year, but instead they choose alcohol. Teen Cyber Essay! Alcoholics will just keep on spending money until they will reach that point where they will have neither money, neither a life around them and they will think that it’s time to Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring, stop now, but no. They are not going to be able to do it that easily, because they are way too addicted to it now! At that point alcoholics will try to go to the hospital where they can get some treatment. Teen Cyber! According to the website Drug Rehabs, a week at some live-in treatment centers can cost the patient several thousand dollars, as much as a luxury hotel.

Also another way they can lose their money is by death, causing damage not just to Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, themselves but to on Video Game Violence Sparks Real Controversy, others as well. The alcoholic person can easily hit another car, that will not only cause a mechanical damages but also in the worst case it can cause death to the innocent person. All this consequences will tear apart the Teen Bullying Essay alcoholic. Game Sparks Controversy! And that’s where they might collapse and commit a suicide. Alcohol and friends. Friends is one of the most important things to Cyber, have in the life. They are always there to provide support and to help thru the hardest times. Friends are playing a big role in Babies Essay any anybody’s life. When person under the effect of alcohol he/she don’t understand all of importance. They can easily harm their best friend, assault their best friend or even kill without even knowing why they are doing it.

Of course friends will try to help, they will do everything possible to get that person out of Cyber Bullying, that situation. And he/she still will be drinking and enjoying the moment, they are not going to stick around for that long. Maybe after that person wakes next morning sober and will try to say sorry to full costing, their friends. They are not going to Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, be there anymore, because they give a chance to change but unfortunately it wasn’t as important as a beer. In other way if that person have a non-drinking company then it will be easier for Essay on Video Violence World, him to influence all of his friends just to join him or at list one, then to go thru all this treatments. Bullying! The alcoholic might ruin the Premature Babies Essay whole life of Teen Bullying, that person, their dreams, future, maybe even a family, just by influencing him to have some shoots with you every other day. Also there have been so many situation where drunk friend was driving his other friends and suddenly he lost control and all of on Video Game Sparks World, them died. Alcohol and relationship problems.

Alcoholism are likely to cause harm for anyone in a relationship with the sufferer. Teen! People who find themselves in a romantic relationship with an of Aquring SOE, alcoholic may end up making excuses for their lack of Essay, attendances or improper conduct at social functions. Family problems, such as arguing, bickering, stonewalling, withdrawal, and generally poor communication can be find in any couple/family who have an full costing, alcoholic person. Families rely heavily on one another for support. Bullying! This includes both financial and Yesterday and Today emotional support, which alcoholism can erode over time. Alcoholic person cannot provide neither a money for food and cloth, neither a roof above their head. Families rely heavily on one another for support. That support can easily be demolished by a stupid intoxicated liquid. When alcoholics where trying to build that relationship to Teen Essay, have a better life for full costing, theirs children and Teen Cyber Bullying Essay themselves. Game Real Controversy! Instead of Teen Cyber Essay, fighting thru that, trying to be better they simply gave up and said no to everything they had.

Now the only thing they will have is a castle out of death, empty beer bottles. Alcoholic Parents and Children. Having an alcoholic parent is one of the worst things that could happen to the child. Children are likely to experience a number of problems related to the parents when alcoholism is involved. They may experience neglect or physical and mental abuse as a parent loses awareness of their actions due to the effects of Essay, alcohol. After all of that children might find problems with their own social development. An alcoholic parent unwilling or unable to support the child’s endeavors. This can range from missed events such as soccer games to birthday parties. Kids who are grow up in Game Sparks Real World a family with one or more alcoholics often have emotional problems. Bullying! Their homes are filled with conflict, tension and stress.

As a result many children’s feel depressed and anxious. They might be even afraid to neo realism, go to school, wet their beds, cry or have night mares. At the end they simply can isolate themselves or develop fears. Children who are living with alcoholics have a higher chance of becoming an alcoholic themselves and they will likely try their first drink before or during their teenage years. Teen Cyber! In conclusion I would like to say that all this problems would never happened if there was no alcohol involved. There would never been any children who are becoming alcoholics at age of 15 just because their parents were doing that as well.

There would have never happened any innocent deaths due to impaired driving that involve innocent people. None of this problems would never have been raised if only full costing you just had said NO I’m not drinking. Why make it complicated, your life would’ve been much easier. As Jim Carrey said “I#8217;m very serious about no alcohol, no drugs. Life is too beautiful.” The story with a frog is from Teen Cyber Essay my head. Neo Realism! I red it long time ago in one article. I wrote this in case you will ask for the references and where I got from. Teen Cyber Essay! Alcohol and children – source: Book – Alcohol by Judy Monroe 1994 William Frankenstein! University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Teen Cyber Bullying Essay! Date: 27 May 2016.

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English 245: Film Form and Culture. Sound in Bullying, the Opening Montage. “This is the end…” Actually, just the beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the opening scene of the film but didn’t say much about it. That’s because it’s a very well-known – and Essay on Video Violence Real Controversy brilliant – use of sound in the film. It functions as an unconventional overture, as it introduces not only Captain Willard, the Cyber, main character, but also some of the major themes in the film. Let me focus on the song for a moment. The song you hear on the soundtrack during the william frankenstein death, opening montage is “The End” by The Doors. Why a song about the end at Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, the beginning of the film? Because it indicates the end of frankenstein death Captain Willard’s illusions about the war, and Teen Cyber Bullying the end of America’s illusions as well.

The film was made in neo realism, 1979, four years after the Vietnam War ended, and it was a bitter, soul-searching time – what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of “malaise” in the country. The United States had lost a war for the first time in its history; it’s technological prowess and superiority had been bested by a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the time the film is set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by Teen Essay, The Doors, the full costing, effect and the message would have been quite different. I should note that the film came out before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the norm for movie soundtracks. Teen? This innovation in Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring, song for the way it helped communicate the deeper meaning of Teen Bullying his film. In your textbook, the authors write about the Essay, “use of sound to indicate character subjectivity” (236). Teen Cyber Bullying Essay? They also mention that “often diegetic music reveals character traits” (237). All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of Apocalypse Now . It takes us inside the boozy head of Willard in the hotel room. Yesterday Essay? It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in all it surreal contours.

We hear other sounds mediated through Willard’s subjectivity in this scene, such as the distorted sound of a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of helicopter blades – the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altman’s M.A.S.H. ). These are sounds that Willard is hearing. The fact that the sound is distorted tells us it’s coming from Willard’s subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the shot of the Teen Bullying Essay, reflection of the snow-globe at the beginning of Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the Technology: Yesterday, best ways to Bullying Essay use sound to get into the head of william death characters is the Bullying, voice-over. Essay On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Aquring SOE? As you know, there is plenty of that in Apocalypse Now . The very first line that Willard utters in voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the film: “Saigon. Shit. . . . Bullying? Still in Saigon.” In this one line, heard alongside the music of a marching band outside the window, Willard not only swears, but shows his utter revulsion in regards to the war, while at the same time showing that he can’t wait to get back to the jungle. Full Costing? Like a lot of soldiers in Vietnam, and elsewhere in Bullying Essay, other wars, Willard hates the war but is lost and unmotivated without it.

It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the voice-over is neo realism, vital, not only for presenting vital information about character and plot, but for taking us inside the head of the lead character, revealing to us his subjective take on the insanity of war. This is the famous scene where the Cyber Essay, cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village “back to the Stone Age,” destroying a village in order to save it. Essay On Advantages Of Aquring? He provides a soundtrack for his bombing raid: “The Ride of the Valkyries,” from a Richard Wagner opera. Teen Cyber Essay? Your textbook authors explain: The choice of music is an intertextual reference to [D. W. Essay And Disadvantages Of Aquring? Griffiths’s film] The Birth of a Nation , whose original score featured Wagner’s music accompanying the Ku Klux Klan’s triumphant charge. Moreover, the choice of Wagner here is a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagner’s music and the composer’s anti-Semitic writing. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is Teen Essay, parallel sound editing in this scene, as the choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of a quiet village, where only the sound of children can be heard, and then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the frankenstein, loud choppers and music slowly builds in the shots of the quiet village, creating a sense of Cyber Bullying Essay dread.

The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from loud to soft shifts the audience’s identification, so that the excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murch’s manipulation of volume in this scene puts audiences in the position of the attacked, as well as the on Advantages and Disadvantages SOE, attacker. Cyber Essay? (260). This split identification not only william defines the Teen Essay, audience’s experience, but also the experience of the war on the “home-front,” with the American populace nearly split on the justness of the Vietnam War. The use of sound in this part of the film is on Video Violence Real World Controversy, also part of a larger sound design in the film, in Teen Bullying Essay, which periods of quiet alternate with bombastic noise. Characters having to yell over the sound of william death shooting, bombing, and the cries of the wounded (and the Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, sound of Essay a priest saying mass during the raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by a helicopter, etc.) – or use radio or megaphones – is not bad sound design. The noise is an inescapable part of modern, mechanized war.

In the Teen Cyber, first half of the film, the audience is encouraged to identify the noise with modern American society, and the quiet with rural Vietnam. It illustrates this statement by your textbook authors: “Because dialogue tends to overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important” (251). In regards to sound in films, if it’s soft and hard to hear, it’s important. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the sound vs. silence rhythm in Apocalypse Now by focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the loud and disturbing opening montage, and the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is full costing, a scene that I discussed in Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, class, where Willard meets with three men in the private quarters of a general, and is given his mission to kill Colonel Kurtz. First, there’s the background music in the scene (which you really have to listen for). It’s what we would call “muzak,” or “easy-listening” music. It defines the general and Technology: Essay the scene, in contradistinction to Teen Cyber Bullying Essay the way noise defines Kilgore and his Air Cavalry. Neo Realism? It indicates that the Cyber, general is genteel, and a little prissy – or, at the very least, old (at a time when hippies and activists in the counterculture were urging young people “not to trust anyone over 30”). To emphasize this, we see a number of close-ups of the general’s soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the scene.

In this scene, we also hear Col. Kurtz for the first time, on audio-tape. It’s significant that Kurtz is introduced in the film via sound. It’s even more significant that what we hear are the on Advantages SOE, ramblings of a madman. The tape really represents what the general and his adjutants want to hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from Time Magazine to impress upon the captured Willard that the military establishment is lying to Teen Bullying the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of war propaganda). It was the “silent partner” that I concentrated on full costing, when we discussed this scene in Teen, class. The “silent partner,” unlike the other two men, is wearing civilian clothes. He is most likely CIA. He does have one line, and it’s an important one: he says, “terminate with extreme prejudice.” What this basically means is: “do whatever you need to do to kill Kurtz.” With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the order to neo realism WIllard to Teen Bullying kill Kurtz.

In this, he shows that he is the real one in charge, even in “mufti” (civilian clothes). This is Coppola’s way of showing that the Essay on Video Sparks, war was secretly run by Teen Essay, the CIA and Essay Game Violence Sparks Real World other clandestine outfits, undermining the Cyber Bullying Essay, traditional military command structure. Coppola does this by using soft sounds in the aural mise-en-scene. Kilgore is bombastic in full costing, his conduct of the Cyber Essay, war, but it is the secretive CIA – the “silent partner” – that really runs things behind the scenes. Silence in the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the music on the soundtrack used to Sparks Real World define different characters and different scenes . There are a lot of synthesizers on the soundtrack, but they are not used the same way in every scene. The music soundtrack, instead, varies the Bullying, music for different scenes. Essay Game Violence Sparks Real World? If you listen closely enough, you’ll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at the French plantation, another theme when the boat crew approaches Kurtz’s compound, etc. Bullying Essay? For instance, the Kurtz music is full costing, softer, more “Asian” in Teen Cyber Essay, tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to Babies Essay the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on the river. I also have to point out the brilliant and devastating use of sound in the scene where Clean dies.

You’ll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to him by his mother, and Teen Bullying Essay it continues on the soundtrack as the Premature Essay, crew on the boat deal with Clean’s death (with the exception of Lance, who is more concerned with the missing puppy). Teen Cyber Bullying Essay? We hear his mother say, basically, don’t get shot and and Disadvantages come back to us in one piece, while the dead, shot Clean lies on the deck of the boat. For the rest of this entry I would like to focus on the use of silence in the second half of the film. The first half of Apocalypse Now is much louder than the Cyber Bullying Essay, second, since the first half is set in war-zones and much of the second half is set in neo realism, Kurtz’s compound in the Buddhist temple. But I don’t want you to come to Cyber the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to hate the American military establishment and Essay Sparks the war (because it’s noisy), and sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and his temple, are relatively quiet). Rather, as in Essay, the scene in the general’s quarters, we should be suspicious of the quiet, because some people do terrible things under the cover of silence. Case in point, Colonel Kurtz. Kurtz is neo realism, a soft-spoken man who is Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides.

There he can read his poetry (mostly T. S. Eliot) in peace. He is also prone to long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is Kurtz’s “guest.” The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (“Jordy” Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to articulate things the way Kurtz can. “I wish I had the words…” he says at one point. Full Costing? But inarticulation is also one of Teen Cyber Kurtz’s preoccupations. During one of his monologues, Kurtz says: “Words can’t describe what is ‘necessary’ to those who don’t know what horror is.” Kurtz knows what horror is, and he knows it can’t be suppressed by Babies Essay, silence. In fact, the horror whispers in the shadows of the compound. Teen Essay? For instance, often times on the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing.

These are the flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtz’s compound. The silence can’t block out the flies; instead, the silence makes the sound audible. Technology: Yesterday And Today? You would never be able to hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film. Nor would you notice them if, instead, the Teen Bullying, soundtrack played up the cries of the dead and dying in the compound. That would have been too obvious: it is the horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to hear. Eventually we come to realize that the quiet in the Buddhist temple is anything but peaceful.

It is part of Kurtz’s insane tyranny: he commands it. That’s why the full costing, people are so quiet there. Cyber Bullying Essay? It’s one of the first things the viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in the boat, arrives at Kurtz’s compound. There are lots of people there on frankenstein, the dock and the shore, but none of them utters a sound. In fact, they scatter when the Essay, quiet is disturbed by the boat’s siren.

They’re inarticulate because they are not allowed to speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and exits the temple, he is greeted by a large, utterly silent, crowd. Willard is the new chief, the new tyrant. Willard might be seduced by this deceptive silence, knowing that it’s a accoutrement of Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring command and Teen power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtz’s dying words: “the horror, the horror.” They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in the quiet that the horror manifests itself. That is, the film suggests that it’s the silence that brings out and Today a person’s inner demons, not the Teen Cyber Essay, bombast of Premature Babies war. War and its horrors are represented by more than bombs bursting and voices booming over megaphones. War is also represented – or cloaked – by quiet, by whispered conversations in silent temples, even by poetry. In the end, that’s what the Vietnam War means to Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the silent interstices of the mind.

Never again will war be known only by the sounds of Cyber Bullying Essay explosions. It will also be known by the softer sounds of implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Last week in class I mentioned that I planned to write a blog entry comparing Hitchcock’s Psycho with Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom , which came out the same year (1960). Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. I also mentioned that the reception of the two films was radically different. Hitchcock’s had a huge commercial and critical success with his film, whereas Powell’s film was a commercial flop and a critical disaster.

Powell was practically “blacklisted” in movies for years afterward. The purpose of my blog entry was to figure out why these two films did so differently in the movie theaters and in movie reviews. I have some ideas in this direction, but I decided that this was too much to take on right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera. I do want to write something on Psycho , by itself, in relation to Essay on Video Game Sparks Real World Controversy what is called “the Male Gaze.” According to Glen Johnson, “the Male Gaze” (or “The Gaze”) is. a concept introduced by Laura Mulvey (“Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema,” 1975) to characterize cinema as an instrument of male spectatorship.

Classical cinema produces images of women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Mulvey went so far as to suggest that the cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and other viewing practices) is Teen Bullying Essay, coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of neo realism power or control within the movie. Bob Bednar adds that Mulvey’s. essay outlines an idea about the “male gaze” in which men have the power to actively look upon passive female bodies. Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Cinema functions within in this by allowing women to always be on Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, display for the male viewer.

Obviously, this idea is problematic, for neo realism not all viewers of film are male, and not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. Still, Mulvey’s idea about the male gaze has some validity to Bullying Essay it, which we find in Hitchcock’s films. Simply put, the Male Gaze refers to full costing the idea that the point of Teen Bullying view in Hollywood films is male, and that women are usually presented on screen for Essay Game the sexual pleasure of men. Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on Teen, Hitchcock and the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). This is not surprising, given that Hitchcock’s Rear Window is Mulvey’s textbook example of the Male Gaze at work. Other critics have examined the Male Gaze in other films by Hitchcock. This includes Psycho . (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulvey’s) is that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for Premature Babies fun and profit. Scottie, with his camera, in Teen, Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how.

in Film Studies, Hitchcock is often viewed as the archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to indulge their most sadistic fantasies against full costing the female. Some critics have even argued that Hitchcock’s work is prototypical of the extremely violent assaults on women that make up so much of our entertainment today. . . . As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to males; women, it is claimed, can enjoy such films only by assuming the Teen, position of ‘masochists’. Rape and violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the woman in the films – the one who would threaten patriarchal law and order through the force of her anarchic desires – but also the women watching the films: female spectators and female critics. (17). But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to damn Hitchcock as an inveterate woman-hater. The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about Hitchcock in her controversial book Sexual Personae , and william death wrote a study of Hitchcock’s The Birds for Bullying the British Film Institute), said in a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to solidify its ideology in the early ’70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. I’ve been very vocal about my opposition to the simplistic theory of “the male gaze” that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and that has taken over feminist film studies to a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an object, makes her passive beneath the male gaze which seeks control over woman by and Today Essay, turning her into mere matter, into “meat” – I think this was utter nonsense from the start. . . . Bullying? It was an a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is frankenstein death, nothing but male oppression and female victimization, and then came this theory – the “victim” model of Teen Bullying feminism applied wholesale to works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is not the film of a misogynist; quite the full costing, contrary.

But the basis of my defense is not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Teen Cyber Essay? Let’s call it the “Self-Awareness Defense” (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term you’ve been introduced to and which will be important in the second half of the course, is a term quite similar to “self-awareness”). That is, Hitchcock knows what he is doing, and he makes sure the viewer knows what he’s doing. Hitchcock doesn’t leer at women in his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to leer; he instead exposes the machinery of misogyny, the workings of the Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my “Self-Awareness” thesis by looking at neo realism, Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is often on Essay, display in Psycho . And she is neo realism, often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the Bullying Essay, Bates Motel she is being watched; she is questioned and then followed all the way to william frankenstein death Los Angeles by a far-too-diligent cop after spending the night in her car on the side of an isolated desert road. The scenes involving the Bullying, cop are fairly obvious in Babies Essay, their voyeuristic qualities, with the Bullying, cop intently watching Marion from across the full costing, street as she hurriedly buys a used car.

But Marion was being watched even before that. In the Bullying, opening scene, the long pan/zoom shot, the Essay of Aquring SOE, camera creeps into the window of a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Cyber Bullying Sam are having their tryst. But making it seem so obvious, with the camera acting like a “peeping tom,” Hitchcock draws attention to on Video Game Real it. He is self-aware about it, which means he tries to Teen Cyber Essay make the viewer aware of it. Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the Technology: Yesterday Essay, first half of the narrative, Marion Crane is the subject of a number of gazes, from the leering Mr. Cassidy in the office, to the suspicious Police Officer and ultimately by Norman Bates.

These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of Teen Bullying shot) and by Premature, the script and the representation of the characters. A number of critics, Spachis included, dwell upon the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marion’s activities, we . . . feel he is Bullying Essay, being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in full costing, the crime also. The dark, opaque sunglasses the officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and block the viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on the point of view of the police officer in this scene. Teen Essay? The viewer doesn’t see what the police officer sees, but rather sees the police officer seeing. And Today? That is, Hitchcock shows us the officer leering – he exposes him – rather than let us share the Teen, officer’s leering point of william death view. This is another example of how Hitchcock is self-aware in Psycho . The parlor scene is another example. There is a lot of looking and being watched in this scene.

Spachis describes the scene: The parlor room in which they have lunch is Teen Cyber Essay, filled with Norman’s stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the action of capture and the bird’s all-seeing point of view on its prey. William Frankenstein? Norman’s declaration to Bullying Essay Marion: “You, you eat like a bird” reinforces the interpretation that Norman has an william frankenstein death, ‘eagle-eye’ view of Marion. Spachis reads the stuffed birds as extensions of Essay Norman’s Male Gaze. Neo Realism? But the Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at the end of the scene, when Marion leaves and Norman peeks at her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Neo Realism? Carr writes:

After Marion leaves the parlor for her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in Teen Bullying Essay, the wall, the camera zooming in on his eye. This time, though, what Norman gazes upon Yesterday and Today is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and Cyber Bullying Essay prepare for Technology: and Today a shower, and when the camera assumes the viewpoint of Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of this “peeping tom” moment is that we see that it is a “peeping tom” moment. Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. The light from Marion’s room illuminates Norman’s eye in profile nearing closer to Teen Cyber the hole in the wall. The camera shifts to Norman’s point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in the voyeurism. Essay Violence Sparks World Controversy? We are both shocked at his invasion of her privacy and yet cannot turn away. Spying on Marion getting undressed invites us to Teen Cyber Bullying Essay witness the cause of Norman’s arousal and the manifestation of his desire from behind a wall – forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification.

Moments later, the famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and Spachis, the shot of Sparks Real Norman peeping at Marion implicates the viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is saying: “Look, you’re a voyeur too!” When you watch this kind of scene, and find pleasure in it, you are participating in a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Norman’s assistance, we will spy on Marion in a bedroom. Teen Bullying Essay? We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). The extraordinary close-up of Norman’s eye, filling the Yesterday, screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into Sam and Marion’s hotel room, the tracking shots of the envelope stuffed with cash and Teen Essay the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of Mr. Cassidy and the state trooper. I would just like to re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the viewer has seen Marion in full costing, a bedroom, in various stages of dress, three times before Norman peeks at her through the Teen Cyber Essay, wall.

During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in william frankenstein, the bedroom. We didn’t notice we were watching. But now, after we have briefly taken on Norman’s point of view as we peeped Marion, being in Teen Bullying, a bedroom is no longer innocent. We are aware of on Video Sparks what it means now. Then there is the famous shower scene, when Norman in the guise of his mother attacks Marion with a knife. Some critics read this scene as the epitome of the Teen, Male Gaze, and see Norman’s attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and screams, goes so far as to visualize the violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in her article “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”.

It is an onscreen manifestation of the male’s desire to “rape” the and Today, female, and Marion’s murder (in which the audience is Bullying Essay, forced to, at times, assume the role of the murderer himself) is full costing, tantamount to that. On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on her lifeless eye, furthering the Bullying, notion of the gaze. Modleski argues that the shower scene is Babies, “an opportunity for the presumed male audience to Cyber see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on william death, screen. This idea is Teen Cyber Bullying, emphasised in neo realism, Laura Mulvey’s famous article ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ (1975). . . . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the camera viewpoint was from Marion’s perspective) the effectiveness of the scene would be lost.” Spachis notes all the Teen Bullying, “allusions to the voyeuristic eye” in the scene: the shower-head, the drain, Marion’s dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is that it keeps us relentlessly in the very middle of a horrifying event – we feel as if we are seeing “everything,” far more than we want to see – without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome.

To a very great extent the Yesterday and Today Essay, violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship. In part, we are caught between two desires, the desire to see the naked body of a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for the whole film), and the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock won’t give us the one without the Cyber Essay, other. But it’s not just a matter of Hitchcock making the viewer pay for his or her desire by Sparks Real, forcing the him or her to witness a murder. It’s that he makes us witness a murder to show us the Cyber Essay, end result of desire. Hitchcock is Technology: Yesterday Essay, self-aware about watching in the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, viewer will become aware too. Full Costing? He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of a greater awareness of the Teen Cyber, way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films.

The basic premise of what I’m arguing is that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about it, pointing it out to the viewing audience; he would make the experience of watching women for neo realism sexual pleasure seamless and invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the Teen Cyber Essay, viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to some extent, why they are watching. Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is on Advantages and Disadvantages, still a little blurry, don’t worry. Cyber Essay? We’ll be talking much more about self-awareness in film in the second half of the course. University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, “Mulvey”, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at Southwestern University) Travis Carr, “Voyeurism the neo realism, Male Gaze in Psycho (1960)”, Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, “Feminist film theory,” MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Catholic University of America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Teen Bullying Essay Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988).

Evangeline Spachis, “Drawing back the shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ (1960)”, Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, “ The Savage Id” (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, “‘Here’s Lookin’ at You, Kid!’: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho ,” Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in the chapter on editing, there are a couple examples of editing in Psycho (there’s also an essay, at the end of the chapter, on editing in Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious ). The first example analyzes the editing in the scene set in the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE, reclusive Norman Bates. It is an example of how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the cuts, is significant. At the beginning of the scene, the timing and the camera angles, in the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the timing changes to show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and the camera angles become more distorted and disturbing. The second instance of editing in Psycho mentioned in the textbook is the short sequence that shows the murder of the private investigator, Arbogast, at the knife-wielding hands of Norman – or rather, Norman’s mother. This is an example of collage – encouraging “the audience to Cyber Bullying Essay compare and contrast the cinematographic qualities of each shot” ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193). The scene begins with a shot from high above the action, in the stair landing on the second floor, and Essay on Video Controversy then cuts to a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and falling backwards down the stairs.

The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to explain the Cyber Essay, significance of the Essay Controversy, editing here: The main reason for Teen Cyber Essay raising the camera [to an overhead shot] was to get the contrast between the long shot and the close-up of the big head as the knife came down on Essay and Disadvantages of Aquring, him. Cyber Bullying? It was like music, you see, the high shot with the violins and suddenly the big head with the Essay and Disadvantages, brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it “suggests how the Cyber Bullying Essay, director was acutely aware of the way abrupt changes in camera positioning can evoke an Essay on Advantages of Aquring, emotional response.” The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the Cyber Bullying Essay, audience an opportunity to compare/contrast the distinctive mise-en-scene, and cinematography, of single shots cut together. Like the other formal film elements we’ve discussed in class, editing usually works in Technology: Yesterday and Today, conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors don’t discuss Hitchcock’s use of the same overhead shot – though much more drawn out Teen Cyber Essay – a little later in the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Since there isn’t a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to World juxtapose two shots for aesthetic effect.

Hitchcock was also interested in distancing, and disorienting, the Teen Bullying, viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and editing. I should also mention that, in terms of cinematography, the shot of Arbogast falling down the stairs is distinctive. It is an example of the “trombone” shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on Yesterday and Today Essay, an object at the same time that the Teen Cyber Bullying, camera is moved backwards, or vice versa. It is neo realism, optically confusing and Teen Cyber Bullying causes discomfort and misapprehension in the audience. (We see the same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is walking up the stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at the beginning of the film, which is actually a number of zoom shots edited together, transporting the neo realism, viewer into the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in the hotel room show the intimacy between the two, before they begin discussing the difficult dilemma they are in (she has no money, and Sam has no money because of alimony payments, so they can’t get married), at which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. I will have more to say about the intrusive camera in this scene, in another post. Then I showed you an example of an eye-line match cut, in the scene where Marion is deciding whether she will steal the money, or not. Teen Cyber Bullying Essay? Throughout the scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Eventually, she decides to take the money; and this sets up the most prominent “McGuffin” in the film (a McGuffin is a plot element that forwards the plot, though often misleading the Premature Babies Essay, audience as to the true direction of the plot, becoming a “red herring”).

Then we looked at the sequence in which Marion flees Phoenix in her car, with the stolen money. Initially the shot/reverse shot builds suspense by quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of a rain-drenched road. Once Marion decides to stop her car at the side of the road to Teen Cyber Bullying Essay sleep, the editing slows significantly. Then we have the tense shot/reverse shot of Marion and the policeman in sun-glasses, in Essay on Video Violence Sparks Real World, which camera angles are important: the policeman is seen in an extreme close up shot from a low angle, which, along with the fact that we can’t see his eyes, makes him an ominous figure. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to Bullying Essay the policeman. This sequence is followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the road followed by Premature Babies Essay, the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the Teen Bullying, police car behind her in the shot; and then, to emphasize Marion’s anxiety, the camera cuts to shots of the police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in class, I hadn’t discussed the editing of the famous shower scene in Psycho . Neo Realism? When we went over it in class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of disorientation in Cyber Bullying, the audience, due to neo realism the dizzying array of multiple camera angles and the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up). Let me add that, as the camera usually has a point of view, the editing in Cyber Bullying Essay, this scene subtly forces the audience to take on Norman’s crazed point of view. The frenetically-paced and full costing confusing editing in the shower scene is by now quite common in horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and Bullying Essay somewhat controversial.

There are a couple other instances of editing in Psycho that I should mention. In the scene where Norman is watching Marion’s car – with all of Marion’s effects, including, unbeknownst to Norman, the money Marion stole – the pacing of the editing of the shot/reverse slows down. Instead of creating suspense by speeding up the cuts (as in the scenes where Marion is fleeing with the money, and in the shower scene), the longer shots in this scene, along with the more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to see Norman’s anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink. In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the suspense in the scene. One reason Hitchcock is frankenstein death, so methodical and careful in this sequence is that the Essay, sinking of the car represents Norman’s psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to this reading, the swamp represents Norman’s unconscious. While the final shot of the film, showing the car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the shot that shows it sinking), represents Norman’s crime coming to on Video Game Real light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of parallel editing (cross-cutting) in Cyber Bullying Essay, the scene where Sam and Lila (Marion’s sister) go to the Bates motel to investigate.

We have shots of Sam talking with Norman, stalling for Premature Essay time, and cross-cuts to Lila seeking Mrs. Bates in the house. This, like much of the Teen Bullying Essay, editing in william, the film (and like most instances of Bullying Essay parallel editing), is done to create suspense. One of the interesting things about the cross-cutting here is that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to steal the $40,000, Lila – by way of Essay on Video Game Violence Real World Controversy many eyeline-match cuts – finds ample evidence in the mise-en-scene of Norman’s arrested development and Bullying insanity. That is, Sam is dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to the bottom of things, just by closely observing the details in Norman’s home. Happy Halloween from Norman’s mom, three weeks early. Don’t eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine!

Citizen Kane and Essay and Disadvantages of Aquring Cinematography: Highlights. With it’s use of deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the cinematography of Citizen Kane is justly famous and has been hugely influential. The irony is that cinematographer Gregg Toland’s unsettling and idiosyncratic use of the Teen, camera may have been part of the reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the film was first released. I’ve already posted the notes I took when I was watching the film only for the cinematography. Here I will elaborate upon some of the more innovative uses of cinematography in Citizen Kane . 1. Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 – 2:46). On Video Sparks Real World? Coming near the beginning of the film, this is Bullying, one of the Yesterday Essay, more striking shots in the film. Using the broken snow globe that the dying Kane held in his hand, Toland shot the reflection of a nurse entering the room. It is a bizarre and Teen Cyber Bullying Essay yet artistic shot that reflects the distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at the moment of his death. 2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 – 12:27).

This montage, done in the style of william death film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and film work. We see many low angle shots of the buildings at Xanadu, Kane’s “pleasure palace.” We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from Teen Bullying far above Xanadu. Often, when the human figure is featured in Violence Sparks World, the shot, low angles denote the POV of a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the case in the mock newsreel, both low and Cyber Bullying high angle shots are used to highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and the many things owned by Kane).

Both are used to communicate power. Note also the grainy look of the older film excerpts. This was done intentionally to give these excerpts the look of very old movies, by Essay, way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the film itself. 3. Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 – 14:58). I discussed this shot in Cyber Bullying, class. Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is on Advantages of Aquring, really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in Orson Welles’s Touch of Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the advance of camera technology). The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 – 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 – 1:47:12. 4. The relationship of Kane and Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 – 27:15).

At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of Mr Thatcher towering over Cyber Bullying Essay, the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city. We then have a montage of Babies Essay different newspaper headlines and the older Thatcher’s response to them; in Teen Cyber, the final instance of this, there is a dissolve that takes the Essay of Aquring, viewer to a shot of Kane and Thatcher at Kane’s Inquirer office. During the scene, Thatcher cedes the foreground to Kane, and also diminishes in the shot. He begins, once again, by Teen, towering over neo realism, Kane, but by Cyber Bullying Essay, the end of the scene Kane is decidedly taller. I wrote about figure placement and power dynamics in Giant . Similar dynamics are in neo realism, play in this scene in Essay, Citizen Kane . 5. Deep focus shot at Kane’s party (40:08 – 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and editing. We see, reflected in a window, the logo of Kane’s rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon Kane, Leland, and Bernstein.

The camera zooms in on neo realism, a photograph of the ten “star” journalists working for the Chronicle . Then the photograph comes alive and we are taken a couple years into the future when the ten journalists now work for Kane’s New York Inquirer . In the Teen Cyber Essay, scene that ensues, at a party for Kane, there are many striking close-ups and deep focus shots. There is one sequence where we have an extreme close-up of Bernstein and Leland singing. Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and and Disadvantages SOE Leland. Teen Cyber? Some of these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the front, with Kane reflected in a window. As is neo realism, often the case with deep focus shots, particularly in Citizen Kane , the figures in Teen Bullying, the foreground discuss the figure in the background (in this case, Leland and Bernstein are in the foreground discussing Kane in the background). Sparks World Controversy? At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from Teen Cyber Essay a cigar and it covers over the figure of Kane in the window. Here the camera suggests Leland’s suspicion (later confirmed) that Kane’s principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at the opera (1:17:26 – 1:17:31; 1:29:42 – 1:30:32). The scene in which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in the film, once from Leland’s point of view, and then from Susan’s point of view. In the Leland POV shot, we see Susan on stage from the front, and then the camera cranes up until we come to Babies two lowly stagehands high above the action, as Susan sings.

One holds his nose to indicate what he (and Leland and just about Essay everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susan’s singing. When it comes time for Susan to narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the stage. So, we have a front shot from the audience (Leland) and a back shot from the wings (Susan), to indicate two different points of view. From Susan’s POV, we also get a shot of on Video Game Sparks World Controversy a shadowy Kane watching from Cyber Bullying Essay high above the stage. This shows Kane’s dominance of Premature Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an extraordinary montage (1:34:46 – 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of Teen Cyber newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and stage lights (eventually the stage lights are replaced by Essay and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE, Kane). This is certainly creative shot-making, but the effect is due more to Teen Bullying editing than cinematography. 7. The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 – 1:56:35). Near the end of the film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kane’s valet Paul, there is a lot of interesting camera work. First, there is the Technology: and Today, eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of a reflection of a reflection ad infinitum of Kane . This summarizes not only Paul’s view of Teen Cyber Essay Kane, but also the Premature, view of the reporters trying to track down “Rosebud.” The image suggests that Kane is nothing but a series of reflections, without real substance.

At the very end of the Cyber, film, Thompson makes this explicit by saying that Kane is nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. This brings us back to the idea, suggested by the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only unknowing but unknowable. Death? Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of crane shots, deep focus shots, and zooms that show the huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with “loot,” after Kane’s death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these – including Kane’s most cherished “junk,” such as his sled – are thrown on the fire. Teen? This suggests the transience of things, which will pass away in time. And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the word Xanadu comes from the poetry of the British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at the end of his life: And on the pedestal these words appear: ‘My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look on my works, ye mighty, and full costing despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Cyber Bullying? Round the decay.

Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare, The lone and level sands stretch far away’ (“Ozymandias”). University of Yesterday and Today Essay Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of Cyber Bullying Essay fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 – 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to xanadu.

snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to neo realism introduce susan alexander 14:25 – 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 – 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 – 1:47:12) kane and Teen Cyber Bullying Essay thatcher (movement foreground to background, low and high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of ten journalists to Essay Game Real “come alive” shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists) Kane’s party (deep focus) leland’s story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and high angle shots) leland’s view of opera house (beginning of shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susan’s view of opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to Teen Cyber Essay susan’s POV) kane’s view of susan at opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over william frankenstein death, susan. montage of susan’s opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and background – foreground sedative and glass replaced by Bullying Essay, doctor’s black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to neo realism objects, zoom out and Bullying Essay in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles. Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Broadway and on Premature Babies, the radio in his early twenties. Teen Bullying? Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of full costing H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds on Halloween night in 1938. As a result, Gary Simmons notes, “Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and prodigious talent who was given free rein in the making of Citizen Kane —highly unusual at Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system” (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to direct films at RKO. Welles’s first project was to be Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over pre-production budget.

He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didn’t go over budget. This time he didn’t. Technology: Yesterday? The film was released according to Welles’s vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane “is the studio era’s outstanding anomaly, the work that subverts the system in almost every way while taking full advantage of the resources of the studio – the first American mainstream art film” (50). The Ballad of Hearst and Welles. Even before it was finished, the newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welles’s forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon Hearst. Cyber Bullying? Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in Babies Essay, order to destroy the film and Welles himself.Hearst attempted to Cyber Bullying Essay buy the film negatives and all copies of Essay Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. Essay? He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the film and Welles. Hearst wouldn’t let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to publicize RKO films. It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearst’s film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the kind of “Great Man” biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is discussed in Essay on Video Real World Controversy, the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Teen Cyber Essay Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of Hearst’s opposition, after showing in a few movie theaters in william frankenstein death, big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in RKO’s vaults and was unavailable until the late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the 1960s, critics have been on the look-out for “Hollywood directors who managed to create interesting and Teen innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by the studio system.

The studio ‘factory’ was seen to have produced its auteurs against the grain of Technology: Yesterday Essay artistic standardisation and economic regulation” (Street 52). Welles is Cyber, often consider something of a poster child (and cautionary tale) for the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of Orson Welles. It wasn’t just Hearst that had it in for Welles. In the history of Hollywood film, Welles is Game Violence Real World Controversy, considered by some a tragic figure, an artist brought low by his own hubris and the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the film he made after Citizen Kane . After it tested poorly in Cyber Bullying, previews, largely because the william, ending was thought to be depressing, Welles’s producers at RKO cut an hour out of the film and tacked on a happy ending.

They also destroyed the Teen Cyber Essay, footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed. And Today? This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many – Welles among them – consider this as the beginning of the end of Welles’s Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the United States, on shoe-string budgets, the Teen Cyber Bullying, money coming largely from his acting fees. There is good reason to believe that Welles the auteur was destroyed by the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to David Thomson, he was “a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and who could have spelled out why its factory was as bad for critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kane’s newspaper in Citizen Kane ). Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and he would be adopted by on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring, the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and a delusion” (45). Best Ever? Not Even the Best of 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at all) in 1941.

Instead, the Academy awarded the Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of a British novel about Welsh coal miners, directed by John Ford (he didn’t just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Ford’s film was fine, but not the earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the Academy voters want to Teen Cyber Bullying send a message, often a social message. The message in this case was a vote of Essay on Video Violence Sparks Real World confidence and solidarity with Great Britain, which was at that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Europe. And the Teen Cyber, Award for the Greatest Film Ever Goes To… As already mentioned, between its run in 1941 and the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and available for television syndication – and particularly after French critics got a hold of on Video Violence Sparks Real World Controversy it – Citizen Kane quickly rose to the top of critics’ lists. According to the influential Sight and Cyber Bullying Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the Greatest Film Ever Made, for Technology: Yesterday Essay forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to the second spot in the poll. It was bested by Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo . This is what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and the Sight and Cyber Bullying Sound poll, says about Citizen Kane: The use of Essay SOE deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and Bullying Essay background in focus) and abstracted camera angles, the non-chronological narrative structure and overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for his groundbreaking debut.

Such novelty and controversy proved a curse for Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the william death, film goes “after the dark heart of the American dream.” And here is what BFI says about Vertigo : This classic from the master of suspense was so poorly received upon release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from distribution for Teen several years. Its reputation has since grown and neo realism it is now widely regarded as Hitchcock’s finest film, a haunting examination of male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the Teen Cyber, traps of desire. A thriller of dreamlike allure, it’s whipped to dizzying heights by Bernard Herrmann’s Wagner-influenced score.

The displacement of Citizen Kane by Vertigo has been controversial. Neo Realism? Some critics see dark forces at work. For instance, Richard Rushfield at Cyber Bullying, The Daily Beast blames the the current popularity of social networking: The last Sight and on Video Real World Sound poll was conducted in 2002, when the blogosphere was still in Teen Cyber Essay, diapers. Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor student’s eye, and the idea of and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE communicating in 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for the common cold. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and Cyber content – innovative, visionary, ponderous – atop the field forever. That is, because of the neo realism, ubiquity and the ease of use of social networking platforms like Twitter and blogs, everyone can be a critic. According to Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to backlash against intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into Teen Cyber Essay abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to speak for the unwashed masses. Needless to say, the full costing, film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out Teen Bullying that Vertigo is really not that popular outside critical circles and Yesterday Essay is admired for Essay the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired.

University of Maryland. British Film Institute, “The Greatest Films Poll at Sight and Sound,” 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, “‘Citizen Kane’ v. ‘Vertigo’: Why ‘Kane’ Fell in the Sight and Sound Poll,” The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, “Smoke and Mirrors in Citizen Kane ,” Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144.

Sarah Street, “Film in Context: Citizen Kane ,” History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. “The Mark of Kane,” Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48. Stanley Kubrick and his Conspiratorial Interpreters. According to Babies Essay Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining is arguably the most cerebral horror film ever made. Teen Cyber Essay? The film is studied at universities, chronicled in books, and has generally inspired levels of Technology: and Today Essay academic analysis rivaled only by Teen Cyber, the work of Talmudic scholars. But despite all the study, there are still few conclusive answers as to Technology: Yesterday what Kubrick was actually trying to say with The Shining , opening the door for countless interpretations, Adam B. Vary adds that The Shining is “a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years.” Watercutter and Vary made these remarks as part of their respective reviews of Room 237 , a film documentary by Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at ten of the interpretations of these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations.

There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of The Shining , as a search at Teen, YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in Room 237 , argues that The Shining is Kubrick’s cryptic confession that he was involved in the supposed faked moon landing of neo realism 1969. He bases his interpretation, in part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Teen Cyber, Stephen King’s novel. Watercutter explains Weidner’s thesis further: As evidence, [Weidner] points to the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the fact that the moon is about 237,000 miles from Earth (it’s 238,855 on average) and the inscription on the room’s key: ROOM No 237. “There’s only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in them,” Weidner says. “And that’s ‘moon’ and ‘room’ and so on the key, the tag, it says ‘moon room.'” (Those letters also spell “moron,” but that seems like more of a coincidence.) One of the other Weidner theories mentioned by Watercutter is that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullman’s office. According to Weidner, Ullman’s paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in that scene does not exist in the floor plan on the hotel.

She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and passages of the Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the interpretation that Jack is the Minotaur of full costing classical mythology and Cyber the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by Dedalus to contain the monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jack’s face gets progressively bull-like in the film. She also sees a minotaur in full costing, a sky poster in the film. Her evidence is quite circumstantial but it is not a stretch to say that Kubrick meant to allude to the myth of the minotaur and the labyrinth in the film. Vary discusses Ascher’s contention that the ski poster that Kearns focuses on also shows evidence of a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by code-name “Monarch,” a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the Teen Essay, more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on his theories concerning The Shining . Cocks argues that the neo realism, film has a subtext that concerns the Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jack’s Adler typewriter goes from a light tan color to a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the typewriter’s color shift has significance to Teen Bullying his theory that Kubrick’s film has “a deeply-laid subtext” about the Holocaust. “That typewriter, that German.

typewriter – which by the way changes color in the course of the film, which typewriters don’t generally do – is death, terribly, terribly important as a referent to Teen Cyber Bullying that particular historical event.” This is flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to william frankenstein death pass peer-review scrutiny). It doesn’t help Cocks’s case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for what other people would call “continuity errors” (unnoticed mistakes in Cyber Bullying Essay, production) in The Shining . For instance, there is a chair that disappears in one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubrick’s attempt to parody the horror genre. Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to attribute to continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the case that The Shining , when run forwards and backwards, offers up many new meanings. He and Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryan’s ideas into concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to see the film backwards and forwards. Ryan doesn’t really build a theory around this as much as play around with the film and deconstruct (or “hack”) it via technology. However, like the Violence Sparks Real Controversy, other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the Teen Bullying Essay, film. For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at the Overlook, waits for Ullman, he is reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). William Frankenstein? Ryan links this to Teen Jack’s abuse of Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse.

Note that the figure on the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on the cover of Playgirl magazine). The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of Premature BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter. Watercutter doesn’t say much about Blakemore’s larger theory that the film is about the genocide of Native Americans. In an article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is not very convincing. Blakemore sees the traces of Native Americans all throughout the film (and there is Teen Cyber, quite a bit of Native American art on the floors and the walls and, in one scene, on Wendy’s clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in the film – which is william frankenstein death, somehow evidence for the presence of Native Americans – and claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is Bullying, meant to be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is full of full costing Native American designs. Blakemore also goes for the sexual sublimation thing. In the art deco design of the carpet in room 237, he sees penises and vaginas copulating. Cyber Essay? Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): “The design on the rug shows basically – in geometric form with round curves – the act of intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . On Advantages And Disadvantages SOE? . Sort of like the picture of down through the generations of what produces life.” More “evidence” of a sex-crazed Kubrick.

In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have – but did not – made the cut in Ascher’s documentary. Most of his ideas are contained in an “in-depth” analysis of The Shining that he published online. You can also find a number of his analysis videos at YouTube, including the one where he contends that the two twin girls in the film are not Delbert Grady’s daughters, the Cyber Bullying, one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the and Today, gold standard, in the photograph that we see at the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of Bullying this conspiratorial theorizing to advances in neo realism, technology. She writes: There was no internet when The Shining was released and it would be a while after it played in theaters that VHS really took off, so the Essay, capacity for obsessive watching and re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and Essay on Video Violence World Controversy sharing of theories online is only something that’s been around in the latter part of the film’s history.

We can only guess what kind of Bullying theories will arise in an even newer technological moment, when anyone at anytime can stream the william, film, playing it forwards and backwards to Cyber Essay their heart’s content. We are now in what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed “Immersion Criticism”: the kind of in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of media dozens of times. “It’s not just a matter of noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by anyone who’s perceptive,” Klosterman wrote about Room 237 at Grantland . “It’s a matter of noticing things that the frankenstein death, director included to indicate his true, undisclosed intention.” Vary puts the onus on the director, Stanley Kubrick. Teen Cyber? Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the producer of Room 237 : “'[ The Shining ] doesn’t solve things even on a plot level. What happened in room 237? We don’t really know. Rodney has pointed out that the photograph at the end is played almost like a big reveal of ‘Aha!’ But it’s not really. Frankenstein Death? If anything, it just deepens the Teen Cyber Bullying, mystery’” (qtd. in Vary). Kubrick’s reputation as an auteur, an art film director, is also part of the equation.

Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: “I think the understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in a frame, then he put it there and there’s a reason,” says Kirk. “That is a jumping off point for a lot of people. Essay On Video Violence Sparks Real? . . Bullying Essay? . The rest of his movies are all so good and so close to perfection,” he adds, “that if you don’t get something . . . there’s a trust that it’s not that it’s a mistake, it’s that you didn’t figure it out.” All work and no play means too tired to notice obvious continuity errors… This is what I call argument by mise-en-scene. It’s an Yesterday, idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in the shot (visual details) is an accident. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.

The Shining is a cautionary tale in regards to interpretations. That is, what you say the mise-en-scene isn’t necessarily so. A reading of Teen Cyber Essay a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the visual details cited as evidence by the interpreters discussed in this post could just as easily be continuity errors. Technology: And Today Essay? At the wiki page on The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. (It doesn’t list the Cyber Bullying Essay, one I discovered: in the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the same incident with the neo realism, ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before).

“The horror! I will live on forever as a footnote in some crazy person’s conspiracy theory!” So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death – or from the grave ) planted all the interpretations mentioned to cover up the Teen, fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . Premature Babies Essay? He wanted people to be distracted from the fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the prop left in the river of blood shot, the changed typewriter, the missing chair, the missing Dopey, the floor plan of the hotel, and Cyber Bullying the changed room number. How else to explain a film that is about the william frankenstein death, Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, America’s abandonment of the Cyber Bullying, gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in the same film? The only possibility is that Kubrick floated those theories himself.

And we have only scratched the surface of all the conspiracies Kubrick has floated. It’s only a matter of time before someone links The Shining to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and the Mayan Apocalypse. I see all these future theories coming down on full costing, us like a river of blood. Teen Bullying Essay? Prepare yourself. . William Frankenstein Death? . . I’m outta here (before they discover my interpretation is full of holes) Angela Watercutter, “The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means”, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013).

Adam B. Vary. Bullying? “5 Conspiracy Theories About ‘The Shining’ That Aren’t In ‘Room 237.’ Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).

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copy of good resume This page explains how to write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd.

Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is Cyber Essay a summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for on Advantages of Aquring SOE, a CV. A covering letter is Cyber Essay a letter sent with your CV which explains details about your application to a particular company. A reference is a formal letter to an employer, from somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the layout of my CV? There are many ways to design a CV. This section gives an Premature Babies Essay example. Print your CV on good quality white paper.

The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to use is 12 (or 10 if you want to Bullying Essay, put more information on william frankenstein death, your CV). The document should use only Teen Bullying one font style, for example Times New Roman. Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to Premature Babies, emphasise important words.

Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the Teen Cyber Bullying, CV on Yesterday Essay, one side of Essay paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple. A typical section order is: There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in Premature, your own country). Include the Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, full postcode in your address. Make sure that you will be able to collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to on Advantages of Aquring SOE, you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily.

If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to leave a message for Cyber, you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the number of the neo realism, telephone at your accommodation. Cyber Essay! The telephone number should start with the area code, written in brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day. If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on your CV. Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and Essay check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for dates.

For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the Essay, right-hand column, provide information about each of your job roles. Start by writing the name of the company (in bold) and its location. On the on Video Controversy, next line you might give a brief description of what the company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in Essay, bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points)

Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for death, which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on Teen Cyber Bullying, your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop. Remember that the on Advantages and Disadvantages, person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in Bullying Essay, your country. Create two columns.

Use the neo realism, left-hand column for the dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the name of the school or university on one line, followed by Teen, further details (the course name or the Game Violence World Controversy, number of exam subjects passed) on the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to Teen Cyber Bullying, a post-graduate school or college, put the name of this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the frankenstein death, level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is clear.

If the Teen, university is william frankenstein one of the top universities in Bullying, your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the name of the town and country after the university's name. In the description, put the name of the frankenstein, main subject studied (try to Cyber, avoid using the words major or minor, which are used in American English). If you studied English, the subject should perhaps be described as English language and Technology: Essay literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g.

80%, or top grade) - the British university grade system is probably different from Teen Essay, that in Essay, your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of Teen Cyber Bullying Essay about 15 and 18, but not before this age. You should add the label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the Essay, words High School in the name. If you took exams in a wide range of subjects, you may prefer to list only the Cyber, number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in Essay on Video Game Violence Sparks World, a line under the main table. For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these.

English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of Teen Cyber Essay English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and Essay Game Violence Sparks the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for and Disadvantages of Aquring, the job) Create two columns; use the Bullying Essay, left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for information. The exact list of personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and full costing what the job requires, but the Cyber Bullying, list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Babies Essay! Note that the date should be written in Cyber Bullying, British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by william frankenstein, your nationality eg Japanese.

You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by a description of the status implied by Bullying, the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by william, a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to Teen Cyber Essay, the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at an interview.

Include interests which may show the Essay of Aquring, interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in Teen Cyber, the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is neo realism necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. Teen Cyber Bullying Essay! If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. Technology: Yesterday! It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to provide comments in English, and give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail:

· Advised the Bullying, main shop's customers about neo realism organic and health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of Cyber Bullying supplements and organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the SOE, main and Teen Cyber Bullying the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to expand the business by establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and redirected this to Babies, the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in English) into Cyber Essay Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures.

Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in Technology: Yesterday and Today Essay, Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean. If you are sending an Teen Bullying Essay application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by Essay on Video Game Sparks Real World Controversy, hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the Cyber Essay, potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of your English ability.

Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by Essay, e-mail. If you give the Bullying, telephone number of full costing your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and Teen Cyber Bullying Essay you should check if they have an Technology: Yesterday and Today Essay answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014)

I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in Teen Cyber, Loot Recruit on 2 August. Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Aquring SOE, an organic food shop in Cyber Bullying, Japan. This has given me experience of dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and Yesterday Essay a basic knowledge of food retailing. I have been living in London since last September, and Teen Cyber Bullying am currently studying English at a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam). My fluency in Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an Essay on Video Sparks Real enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in a team. My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately.

I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on the telephone or at an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at Bullying Essay the top of Sparks Controversy this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on the computer (set the Cyber, language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for william death, any comments they may have.

If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in Teen, the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the Violence Real, company and Essay ask when you can expect to hear from full costing, them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is Teen one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is full costing often the case that people are invited for an interview for only a small number of the Teen Cyber Bullying Essay, jobs to which they apply.

Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. William! If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.